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Plans for Rubber Public Rejection Of Indecision Alibi Forecast r ^ ’ By DAVID LAWRENCE. The seriousness of the rubber situation cannot be overstated. Hot only must there be conservation of tires but there must be a decision soon as to whether the synthetic rubber program is to be advanced rapid ly or retarded by indecision. The stark fact is that relatively little progress has been made on the actual construction of synthetic rubber ] plants 'despite I the signing of Di«M Uwrcnet. contracts some time ago. informed source* state that the program has bogged down due to dispute as be tween processes. Thus, for instance, the argument goes on as between buna and butyl. The former has been tested and, though expensive, nevertheless can be effective. The latter is experi mental and very little is known about it. The problem is not which is eventually going to be the better proce** but which one can be put into operation promptly so that America can get new rubber within the next 12 or 14 months. Con troversies as to which process might have been in an advanced stage today if this or that had been done will not overcome the biggest handi cap of all, which is time. The United States definitely is up against a deadline In the use of existing rubber not only in its stockpile but in its reclaimed sup ply. All sources of rubber in this country and in Central and South America are being canvassed, but it 1* clear that synthetic rubber production toon must be put into full operation or a serious situation will confront our whole economic system. Germany's Need Lower. The Nazis have very little syn thetic rubber and very little natural rubber but they do not have 30,000 000 autos and they do not transport their workers to industrial plants in individual cars. Also their distances are short within the country. America's needs foe rubber run up several times those of Germany. Hence synthetic rubber becomes an absolute necessity. Not much good can comt from rehashing what has happened in 1940 and 1941. The mistakes that have been made by the administra tion in falling to be realistic about the possible fall of the Dutch East Indies cannot be repaired by assess ing the blame how in any quarter. There is some reason, however, to believe that the mistakes being made this very month are almost as vital to the future of our rubber supply as were the faulty decisions of 1940 and 1941. It is reported that high officials are gravely concerned about the rubber problem and are depending on American industry to work out the solution. But, In addition, there must be decisiveness in Washington where, despite all the glowing prom ises of the scientists as to what they can do several months hence and despite all the arguments about how cheaply this or that process can be made when it is perfected, the time has come to insist that a start be made in the manufacture of synthetic rubber of all kinds and in whatever quantities can be quick ly obtained, Irrespective of price and Irrespective of economic or com petitive considerations that may de velop later on. Rubber Cur Needed. If the American production ma chine bogs down because of lack of rubber, the American people will not be satisfied with a record of letter* exchanged between all the different agencies of Government Involved. They will insist that some one somewhere in Washington should have taken hold of all angles of the situation and forced immedi ate decisions. In view of the distributed author ity over different aspects of the rubber problem, it would seem logi cal for the President to take rubber out of all the routine and red tape end out of all the existing channels of consideration and put a csar or chief over the whole rubber prob lem with full authority to tell every agency of the Government that co operation must be immediate. The emergency is too great to be allowed to be settled in the manner In which it ha* been tackled In the past. Some decisive authority must be exerted to compel extraordinary measures to get the synthetic rub ber plants under way as soon as possible. If the public knew how little had been accomplished in that direction, it would be much more worried than it appears to be today. The moves toward requisitioning cars and toward cutting down pleas ure driving are valuable bits of exhortation, but the solution to the rubber problem lies in getting the synthetic rubber plants for the big *00 000-ton program under wav without lurther delay. (Reproduction Rl»hu Reserved ) Veteran of Three Wars Returns to Navy at 72 By the Associated Press. BOSTON, May 8. — "Tattooed-’ Conley, 72, was called back from retirement to duty with the Navy yesterday, one of the oldest men In the service. On the Navy’s roster he appears as Edward P. Conley, englneman, first class, of Newmarket, N. H., with S2 years’ act^j* service In his rec ord, including the Spanish-Amer On the Record I . ? Rationing Cards Suggest Need to Check Every One's Identity in Wartime By DOROTHY THOMPSON. The other day I registered for my sugar ration and got my ra tion card. I am an honest woman; I told the exact truth about the number of peo ple In my fam ily. and the amount of su gar in the house. In other words. I acted th^ way the o v erwhaiming majority of Americans also acted and will continue to act. But watch ing the whole Min Thompnn. procedure it was perfectly clear to me that if any one waited to cheat at this game, it would not take a highly trained criminal to do so. In fact, a trained gang of would-be bootleggers in any great city could make a nice thing for themselves out of the organiza tion of a sugar-racket. And bit by bit all essentials will be rationed. Presumably the procedure will be the same as with sugar. And unless it is more carefully done than it is at pres ent. there can be interlocking rackets in all the essentials of life. It is to prevent this that I am writing this column. It is to sug gest that the whole rationing business should be more carefully planned and provided with close checks. It is not my intention to use this means of suggesting to would-be cheats how they could come into possession of a uozen sugar-rationing—and later other rationing—cards; or scores or hundreds of them. It Is, however, my intention to point out that the identity of the applicant for a card, his place of residence, and the size of his family, are not established by anything except his word and signature. Check-ups Difficult. To check these things after the card is issued is difficult to do. The applicant has to describe himself as of a certain height, weight and coloring. But he is not compelled in any case to pur chase his own sugar. My cook, for instance, can purchase mine, as she doubtless will. And the descriptions are vague enough to fit many. Anyhow, you can’t turn every grocer into a detective. Actually, no rationing can be thoroughly effective unless It be gins by the unquestioned estab lishment of the identity of the holder of the card. This is not difficult to do. It is, ** a matter of fact, done in the case of every "enemy” alien. He has had to register, present three photographs, of which two were kept by the office, and in return receive an identification card, with his photograph on it and a description of his personality; something like a passport. And this has not been handed him on the spot, but mailed registered to the address given, and the post man instructed to deliver it only. on the personal signature of the applicant, and to compare the ican War, the Boxer Revolt and the ! World War. He was aboard the U. S. S. Maine , when the Great White Fleet circled | the globe back in 1907. Old shipmates, who knew him over a period of about half a cen tury of seafaring, remember Con ley’S skill as a linguist, asserting they never entered a strange port that he did not know enough of the native tongue to get along. They also recall he always was much in demand during ship smokers as a ventriloquist. Tattooed from neck to feet, Conley is a veritable walk ing picture gallery. He is married and the father of several children. « turn to OPEN THURSDAY UNTIL 9 P.M. DAILY 9 to 6 P.M. WRIGHT ARCH PRESERVER SHOES for Active Men! 56 STYLES 130 SIZES 5 to 15 AAAA to EEE > ALSO COMPLETE LINE OF HIGH SHOES Mon’s $10.95 to $13.50 Mcn'i Sizes Abort 12 Add $1 Boys’ $7.50 & $8.50 Moil & Telephone Orders Filled FITTED IY GRADUATE SHOE FITTERS Boyce & Lewis Cuitom-Fitting 5Ao«« 439-441 Seventh Street N W. ta Fit tha FmI ml Kvcrr Man. Waman aal Chill photograph with the face of the signatory. An effective rationing aystem demands that every person ap plying for rations possess a simi lar certificate of identity, and that ration cards can only be de livered against such a certificate, which is then stamped whenever a ration card is issued. Card Is No Humiliation. The possession of such an iden tification card is no humiliation of any kind. It is just common sense, and efficient protection of the honest against the chiselers or the outright criminals. And it is necessary, in war time. for many purposes. An immediate illustration comes to my mind. Enemy aliens are prohibited from traveling outside a certain radius without special permits. This is an an noyance and an economic handi cap to many honest refugees who should, it seems to me, be given hearings. But the measure is taken because among them there may be enemy agents. Actually it cannot be applied in any effi cient way under present circum stances. For unless such an alien is under constant supervision of the F. B. I.—as he cannot be— nothing prevents him from tak ing a train anywhere he wants to go, and nothing can prevent him unless the identity of all travelers is established when they buy their tickets, and unless all travelers can re-establish their identity on call. For, if an F. B. I. man goes through a train, he cannot find any enemy alien without being able to check the identity of all travelers. The alien can simply say that he is an American citizen—or call him self a Czech or a Pole. Fifth Columnists Aided. So what happens is that loyal aliens—loyal to America—metic ulously observe the rules, and real agents move where they are or dered to move. Carelessness in Issuance of ration cards also can benefit fifth columnists. For the creation of social discontent is part of the whole Fascist policy. And these carelessly-issued ration cards can be used to establish false identi ties. The whole system should be carefully thought through and fixed so that it becomes extreme ly difficult to cheat. And in such a total war, the establishment of every erne's identity is a sine qua non to effective civilian de fense—for workers in munitions factories; for visitors to war zones; for dockhands and ship yard workers, and every one in a position where he might do dam age. There are more serious things going on in this country than have been publicized, or than it is wise to publicize while the au thorities are on the search. But the authorities will never be able to fulfill their tasks as they should unless we start right now with the establishment of the identity of every resident in the United States. • Released by the Bell Syndic*!*. Inc.) 'Y'HE opinions of the writers on this page are thJeir own, not necessarily The Star’s. Such opinions are presented in The i Star’s effort to give all sides of questions of interest to its readers, although such opinions may he contradictory among j themselves and directly opposed to The Star's. I ..... • i I The Great Game of Politics 'Financial Chaos' Held Nearer if President Yields in Anti-Inflation Program By FRANK R. KENT. Developments of the past week tend to strengthen rather than diminish the conviction of those who, w’hen ft was first launched. regarded the P r e s i d e n t's anti - inflation program as half-baked and half - hearted. It Is not too much to say that the men who know most about the facts are deeply de pressed over the outlook. The chief reason for dis Frank R. Kent. couragement is that there seems now slight chance of two objec tives avowed by the President— wage stabilization and restriction of farm prices to parity—being realized. Even though both were achieved, few7 informed persons think Mr. Roosevelt's plan w7ould work without a vastly more com prehensive taxation and economy program than he has suggested. But, without wage stabilization and with the farm-price level fixed at 110 instead of parity the whole business becomes absurd. Mr. Henderson might then pro claim his over-all price ceilings but he could not maintain them with twice as great an enforce ment army as is proposed. The basis for the present feel ing is the obvious determination of the farm bloc in Congress to hold firm against reduction of the 110 per cent parity goal so long as there is neither executive nor legislative action to freeze wages. Legislation Killed. For the present, at least, the President most successfully has killed all possibility of legislative action. As for executive action, that Is in the hands of his War Labor Board, which is his crea ture, which certainly will not "freeze wages” unless directed to do so by him, and which even now, under strong labor union pressure, is wavering as to wheth er to increase rather than freeze wages in the "Little Steel" com panies. After weeks of hearings and arguments, the decision in this case is expected shortly. It will 1>e the big test. If the board grants, either fully or partly, the' f 1-a-day increase demand, it will mean that Mr. Roosevelt has not fully used his influence to Imple ment his program. On the other hand, if the board rejects the demand and freezes the present scale in "Little Steel” It will head off the inevitable following demands for the larger steel companies and mean tha* Mr. Roosevelt's actions in this matter are in accord with his words. /Hu Foetvear Stne* JtSt Designed for Summer The sport shoe for town and country wear. I Snyder ®, Little 1229 G St. N.W. *15.50 Army Navy Officers Agency for ujesxmonx Air Corps C.P.O. Coast Guard -Special Army Officers Reg. $14.95 Crarti etted Gabardine Trench Coats ARMY • Officers' 100% All Wool Elastique Blouse with belt to match, 32 50 • "Simpson's" Soulette Poplin Shirts—"finest in America"_2.95 • Officers' Wool Slacks, 8 95 to 16.50 • Chino Khaki Slacks or Shirt* . 2.95 • Army White "Palm Beach" Uniform, 26.50 • Officers' Broadcloth Khaki Shirts_2.25 • Complete lint of Insignia, Field Equip mint and Military Lug goge. NAVY • Novel Khaki Uniform, 14.45 • Navol White Uniform, 10.95 • Naval Service Blue Serge Uniform 3500 • Navol All-Wool Gab ardine Raincoats 30.50 • Navol Caps_12.50 • Khaki Cap Covert. 1.00 White Cop Covers, 1.25 Blue Rain Covers, 1.50 • Naval Khaki Shirts, 2.25 Open a Charge Account LIBERAL TERMS PX CHARGES ACCEPTED FDGEL5 COR. 10th AND D STS. N.W. Fro Parkin* PHONE EX. 4212 OPEN » A M. TO $ 30 P.M.—SATlOPM. I His telegram in connection with the shipbuilding wage sta bilization case was encouraging. Without it. the record of the War Board justifies belief it would have granted an Increase which, as Mr. Roosevelt said, would have been “irreconcilable" with any effort to control prices. That statement was both timely and courageous. Murray Reported "in a Rage.” But there is still danger in the “Little Steel" case. Ever since the President made his first public wage stabilization refer ence, his friend, Philip Murray of the C I. O., has been in a rage. Or. so it is reported in the radical New York paper which usually reflects his views and supports his stand. Defeat in the “Little Steel" fight, it is said, would be a very j bad blow to Mr. Murray. It might pave the way for a new upheaval in the C. I. O. and have serious consequences in the first i constitutional convention of the S. W. O. C. on May 19. Further more, this paper reports, it might result in a break between the C. I. O. and the present Labor Board and even with the Roosevelt administration. In the light of these threats— because they are threats—it will be interesting to see whether Mr. Roosevelt and his Labor Board have the strength to stand firm against an increase that would knock the bottom out of an al ready leaky anti-inflation pro gram. The vehement protestations of his patriotism by Mr. Murray and his fullsome eulogies of Mr. Roosevelt look pretty sick in the view of his present attitude. The President's words about those who approve all of his program except the part that “steps on j their own toes" seem to apply particularly to Mr. Murray, though it was not he Mr. Roose velt had in mind when he uttered them. “Pampering” Charged. Up to now, Mr. Murray has been pampered and petted by the White House and given practical ly everything he wanted. So have his labor lobbyist colleagues In the A. P. L. The recent "main tenance of membership” decisions of the Labor Board give to the union leaders an unfair, and even vicious, weapon with which to ex pand their power. Under exist ing conditions, to give them, in addition, a victory in the “Little Steel” fight would cap the climax. If they get away with even a partial victory, hope that farm prices can be held down might as well be abandoned. And with them out. there might as well be no price-control program at all. So far the President has lndi This Changing World Japs Expected to Seek Foothold in Australia Or Strike at India While Iron Is Hot By CONSTANTINE BROWN. The Pacific War Council in Washington is puzzling over the question of where the Japanese main effort will be directed now that Corregidor has fallen, re leasing a large number of war ships, planes and troops for other duties. The belief grows in some quar ters that Hirohitos hordes will attempt to gain a strong foot hold in Australia and thus check the forces of the United Nations under Gen. Douglas MacArthur. In addition to this they may at tempt to occupy the archipela goes west of New Guinea, unde fended islands strung along the routes between the United States and Australia and New Zealand, in order to stop the flow of •*«.»_ Tury STO.I tec — American troops and war ma terials. Heavy convoys have been and are still being sent to the men aced continent in the South Pa cific. In the opinion of military experts, Gen. MacArthur has suf ficient forces to resist a Jap anese attack against Southern and Eastern Australia. But it is hardly likely that he has received enough men and plane* to permit * him to strike at the Japs. MacArthur Needs More Men. Gen. MacArthur is harassing the enemy and causing him heavy damage by frequent air raids. But while these raids are bothersome, they cannot be con sidered major moves. Much more war material and many more troops must reach the con tinent "down under” before Gen. MacArthur can put whatever of fensive plans he may have into effect. Unless the Japs gain a strong foothold in West and North Aus tralia, they must look for an eventual United Nations offen sive. Furthermore, unless they are able to jeopardize our lines of communication they will have to consider the forces being gath ered in that area as a serious potential menace. So long as Gen. MacArthur suffers no serious interference and can draw large quanties of war material from America— man power is of secondary im portance—with which to achieve air superiority and to arm the available forces in Australia, the cated that he means what he says in this matter. If he remains un ' yielding and directs his board to measure up to his declaration in the “Little Steel’’ case, he will de* serve great Credit. It will be the first time he really has resisted pressure from his labor leader friends. If he yields, then it is as certain as can be that the farm and labor lobbies, working together, as they always do, will prevent action in any di Japanese high command must be uneasy. These considerations lead many experts to believe that the next Japanese move will be di rected against Australia proper and the islands straddling our communications. Other strate gists, however, believe the Japa nese will attempt to exploit their successes in Burma and strike while the iron is hot by attack ing India. Failure of the Brit ish-Indian negotiations together with the Japanese victories in the South Pacific and Indian Ocean have made India—in the opinion of many observers—ripe for something more than "pas sive resistance.” Japa Concerned Over China. The Japanese are concerned over the situation of China. If, after the conquest of Burma, India can be thrown into such turmoil that no further supplies can reach Gen. Chiang Kai shek’s armies, Tokio figures that China will be ready to listen to peace terms. Even in the darkest hours of their war with Japan, Chinese forces received enough supplies from abroad to enable them to resist. Now the Burma road is gone, and if, in addition, all communications between the Chinese and their western al lies through India can be cut off. Tokio believes there is little for the Chinese to do but resort to guerrilla warfare. In order to attain this objec tive Japanese troops will have to enter India proper and raise their flag over cities like Ma dras and Calcutta, the easiest to conquer. Furthermore, the Japanese, whose grand strategy Is closely co-ordinated with that of the Nazis, are likely to at tempt an invasion of Ceylon. From the Japanese standpoint it is doubly necessary to do this since the British capture of Diego Suarez, Madagascar’s principal naval base, and their expected seizure of the rest of the Island as soon as reinforcements ar rive. Although a substantial num ber of troops, planes and war ships have been released from the Philippines, it is doubted in competent quarters that the Japanese have enough strength to do both jobs—attack Austra lia and invade India. t rection not desired by theii; spe cial interests. In which not unlikely case, our pace toward financial chaos will be considerably accelerated. You can’t pop corn over a match flame. You cant buHd a house with discarded barrel staves. And we’U never win this with leas than all we’ve rot and the best we’ve got. Bay War bonds. GROSNER . . . QUALITY MEN'S WEAR SINCE 1885 There's a difference in UNIFORMS Even though they’re made to official specifications—there’s a difference—a difference in making and fitting. You’ll feel this difference the minute you try on a uniform by Grosner and Kuppenheimer. Included in our complete military stock ; . . ARMY NAVY NAVAL OFFICERS KHAKIS_$20 NAVAL OFFICERS CAPS, complete_$18.50 Collar Insignias, Shoulder Marks & Other Insignias for All Hanks ARMY OFFICERS Khaki Shirts_$2.50 to $3.95 ARMY OFFICERS KHAKI SLACKS_$5.95 ARMY OFFICERS CAPS, complete_$10 Regulation Army and Navy Officers’ Shoes ... by Grosner and Stetson Grosner of 1325 F St. Member of All Post Exchanges and Ship Service Stores McLemore— Can Opener Enjoys • Place of Honor Now ■ By HENRY MrLF.MORK. If Edgar Guest will excuse me for paraphrasing him today. I would like to say that it takes a heap o' Donald Nelson to make a man appreciate his home. Not until the War Production Board chief called a bait to the manufac ture and sale of so many household fur nishings did the average Ameri can develop a proper affection for his little nest and all of the ■•ary HiLmin. things with which he has feathered it. For too many years he has taken for granted all of the hundred and one articles which have contributed so much toward making his house comfortable. For too long has he brushed Indifferently by the *uto matic can opener, the folding tie rack, the semi-human Dutch oven and the faithful toaster without so much as a •'thank you." But thwe days are over. AU over the country men and women are scurrying about their homes taking inventory of household ef | fects to And out what will last and what won't last for the duration. * * * * On the day that the list of "No Mores” was printed, I started on a round of my home. Clutching ft* newspaper that contained the let I inspected items just as they were enumerated. The first was bath tubs. My tub has been with me a long time and has served me faithfully, but I believe that the morning of the inventory was the first time we had looked at one another, man to tub. There was a catch in my throat when I realized how I had ignored | It. The enamel on Its sturdy little j lion-like feet was chipped. Its ' stopper was shrunken and wrapped | in a bit of white cloth, but it looked 1 uncomplainingly at me through its hot and cold running eyes. Standing by. Just ft uncomplain ingly. was the tub's faithful com panion, the bathroom scales. I felt a pang of remorse when I re called how many times I had stepped on its face with soaking wet feet; how many times I had rebuked it for doing its duty by recording my weight correctly and refusing to cheat five or six pounds in my favor. I patted it and passed on. ^ ^ On a window sill, clogged and dusty, was an old fountain pen. aban doned months ago in favor of a younger pen with new-fangled plas tic sides and a three-way point. It hurt me to remember how many times I had taken that old pen by the leg and shaken It as a nurse does a thermometer in order to make its ink run. It rests now in a clean, shady bureau drawer and will soon be put back into service. It was not until I reached the kitchen, however, ttyat I realised how thoughtless and callous I had been toward the articles which had labored so long and so hard to make my life a happier one. There was the toaster—the best little toaster in the world and the last one I’ll have for many a year, perhaps sitting patiently with crumbs all over its chromium face. There was the can opener, hang ing at an uncomfortable angle on the wall, all because I had failed to replace a nail that would have made it secure and snug. If the can opener had only cussed me and told me how ungrateful I had been, how unappreciative of the thousand fin ger cuts it had saved me, I would have felt better. But. no, along with the pie pans, the kitchen knives and the iron skillet which has kept my eggs sunnyside-up for years, it maintained a damning silence. + + w w Before I had completed the In ventory of the house, I realized how we Americans had grown to accept the highest standard of living in the world as something that was our heaven-sent right without ever stopping to ask any questions just why that was. We took care of nothing. When something broke, we didn’t fix it, we bought another. When something started to rust, we threw it away. The devil with sav ing anything. There was always a new one where the old one came from. If the cash wasn’t on hand, there was always one easy down payment and 20 more to follow. Now we are faced with looking after our possessions a bit. Well have to mend a thing here, patch a thing there, and generally get along as most of the people in the world have always had to do. Tht chances are, it’ll be good for us. Two chickens In every pot is too much for anybody. If you don’t think so, take a look at the man who had that for his slogan. (Distributed by MeNeucht Syndicate, Ine.) _ 'Intermediate' School Sought for Southwest After being informed by Curtis W Ingalls that there will be no more permanent school buildings erected In Washington during the present emergency, the Washington High lands Citizens' Association last night agreed to ask the District Commis sioners for an “intermediate** type school building rather than a tem porary building. The “intermediate building, Mr. Ingalls explained, is more substantial than the temporary building. The school is to be built at the comer of Nichols avenue and Chesapeake street S W. Walter E. Nair, chairman of the Civilian Defense Committee of the area, made a plea for money for equipment for the air raid wardens of the area. He reported 20 warden posts had been set up. On the motion of Joseph L. Bo chavoc, the association voted to thank Navy and District officials for their help in obtaining the extension of Second street south from Brandy wine place to Chesapeake street g w. The association met in the home of Mr. and Mrsl Walter 8. Young.