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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 17, 1942, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Moderately cool today, with gentle
winds. Temperatures yesterday: High
est, 70, at 6:00 p.m.; lowest, 62, at 7:30
a.m.
From the United States Weather Bureau report.
Full Details on Pa*e A-2.
& • riiiriaiii n iniiiii ii»iiiiiiiiiiih iiniiii—iiiiiiiiiw»iMiiMiii him i iimm mnuMmiiiin liffTTrrwTTTriffinarr^rirrrinirT^^
The Evening and Sunday Star is
delivered in the city and suburbs at
75c per month. The Night Final
Edition and Sunday Morning Star at
85c per month.
Xo. 1,938—Xo. 35,810.
WASHINGTON, D. MAY 17, 1942-132 PAGES. *
AJSSriu ten cents.
W. P. B. to Cancel Its Contracts
-
For Two-Thirds of War Factories,
Concentrate on Arms and Ships
Will Abandon All
Plants Not Ready
By Mid-1943
(Text of Shipbuilding Statement
on Page A-19.)
Virtually all contracts for war
plants which cannot be com
pleted by mid-1943 will be can
celled. a War Production Board
spokesman said last night, pre
sumably to concentrate all avail
able materials on production of
enough weapons and ships to
bring a quicker victory.
This development coincided with
a White House statement that the
cargo shipbuilding program is "on
schedule," with American shipyards
building merchant vessels now
•'faster than ever before in the his
tory of the world." although still
increased production is needed to
relieve the ship shortage.
The drastic W. P. B. decision
giving complete emphasis to Chair
man Donald M. Nelson's "do it
now" philosophy—means that ap
proximately two-thirds of all the
war plant construction approved
or under contract will be aban
doned, the spokesman said.
W. P. B was said to have been
guided to this decision by two major
considerations: Severe shortages of
raw materials and belief that de
velopments this spring and summer
may spell a turning point in the war.
Shortage of Raw Materials.
It was explained that construc
tion will be pushed on such facili
ties as synthetic rubber and avia
tion gasoline plants, but will be cut
down on such projects as new steel
plants.
The raw materials “pinch” has
reached the point, it was under
stood, where W. P. B. now has
determined to concentrate avail
able supplies on production of arms
and munitions rather than on the
plants in which they are made.
The program was described in
this manner:
Facilities already “substantially
under way” will be completed. All
war construction authorized or
under contract, but not yet begun,
will be reviewed and evaluated on
the basis of answers to four ques
tions; Is the project absolutely nec
essary? Can existing plants or
facilities be used instead of new
construction? How much of a drain
will it be on materials supplies?
When would it be in production?
Further, if and when new plants
are approved in the future, they
will be erected strictly as temporary
buildings — probably constructed
largely of wood and using little if
any steel.
Steel to Go Into Ships and Guns.
Prospects of a major 1942 offen
sive by the United Nations, it was
understood, developed some appre
hension that if too much emphasis
were placed on 1943 war production
goals, this year's output might be
hampered seriously. Thus, W. P. B.
has determined to produce 60.000
planes, 45,000 tanks and 8.000.000
tons of shipping in 1942 and deal
with the vastly increased program
for 1943 when that time comes, of
ficials explained.
On this basis, steel supplies will
go into ships and guns and tanks
which are needed immediately,
rather than into new steel plants
which cannot be completed until
late next year or in 1944. One
spokesman predicted that the plan
ned 15.000,000-ton expansion of the
Nation's steel capacity probably
W'ould be reduced to around 5,000,
000 tons.
The White House statement on
shipping declared “the American
~ (8ee PRODUCTION. Page A-13.) ~
Allied Bombers
Destroy 8 Jap
Planes at Lae
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Aus
tralia (Sundayi. May 17 (/Pi,—Allied
planes in three new attacks on the
Japanese air base at Lae, North
eastern New Guinea, destroyed eight
enemy bombers on the ground, shot
down one challenging Zero fighter
and started numerous fires among
buildings, Gen. MacArthur's head
quarters announced today.
Allied bombers also attacked De
boyne Island, in the Louisiade Archi
pelago, where an enemy seaplane
was damaged.
The latest raids upon Lae fol
lowed a smashing Friday assault
which left big fires blazing at the
Japanese air base.
The communique text:
“New Guinea: Lae: Our air force
attacked the airdrome three times.
Eight Japanese bombers were de
stroyed on the ground, hits were
made on anti-aircraft positions, run
ways and buildings. Numerous fires
were startejl One Zero-type fighter
was shot down.
“Deboyne Island: An enemy sea
plane was damaged in an attack by
•Hied bombers.
War on U. S. Hitler's Big Blunder, Italians
Ready to Aid Invaders, Freed Writers Say
Two veteran Associated Press foreign correspondents, returning to America in the exchange of Axis
diplomats and newspapermen, reached Lisbon yesterday and filed the following dispatches, giving for the first
time since the United States entered the war the inside picture of conditions in Germany and Italy.
Louis P. Lochner was chief of the A. P. Bureau in Berlin and Richard G. Massock head of the Rome
bureau. Mr. Lochner, in Berlin since 1924, is a winner of the Pulitzer Prize for distinguished foreign correspond
ence. Mr, Massock has covered various European assignments in the last 10 years, going to Rome in 1938.
By RICHARD G. MASSOCK.
LISBON, May 16.—Benito Mussolini is leading
a nungry, disillusioned and apathetic Italy in an
j unpopular war against the United States.
The war’s unpopularity has been manifest in
1 various ways to Americans who waited five
months for repatriation after the Duce of Fasc
ism uttered the fateful words which placed his
people at war with yet another enemy last
December 11.
. x Italy's future as an ally of Ger
R. G. Massork.
many and Japan is unpredictable.
A collapse from a food short
age within this year or the next
seems unlikely. Neither does an
economic breakdown seem immi
nent, because of assistance being
given by Germany in this sphere.
Without any organized opposi
tion under competent leadership,
the Fascist regime probably is se
cure for some time to come.
Yet the war against the United
States is unpopular and some ob
servers see in Italy a people who
dislike their German allies and
who care nothing for the Japanese—a people who are
looked on for potential assistance when and if an
American-British Army lands in Europe to crush
Hitlerism.
Invasion Seen Welcome.
In fact, some say that half the Italian people now
would welcome such an Allied invasion as a possible
means of freeing them from the humiliating grip held
by the Germans.
Not a single anti-American demonstration—even an
officially organized one—has been reported in Italy.
Many Italians in all walks of life have sought on oc
casion to tell Americans of their personal friendship.
We were regarded as only nqminal or friendly
enemies. Pew are the Italian families which do not
know some relative or friend who has found oppor
tunity and a better wav of life in the United States.
Shortly before I left Rome an Italian of only
casual acquaintance, knowing I was about to leave,
embraced me wdth Latin effusiveness and said:
"Give my respects to Mr. Roosevelt.”
And, mind you, this incident occurred despite
the presence of a nearby guard.
The incident was rare, but the sentiment w'as not. 1
Disillusionment General.
Regret and disillusionment, then, are general, as
one astute observer confirmed to me. But he found,
like others, that popular reaction is marked rather by
resignation than by indignation, by a sense of futility
than any will to bring about corrective action.
Italians await a new leader. Discontent with
Mussolini and his Fascism is more marked than ever.
11 Duce made his war declaration against the
United States in the name of King Victor Emmanuel.
While the monarch may still be respected by his
people, many Italians said this showed once again
that the senile little man was impotent in politics.
Little hope rests in Crown Prince Umberto. The
Italian press, incidentally, never refers to him as
crown prince; always merely as the Prince of Pied
mont. The Fascist grand council itself has reserved
the right to pass on eventual succession to the throne.
Yet Umberto, once the white hope of anti-Fascists
because of his reported hostility toward Mussolini,
appears to have made his peace with Fascism.
Recently Named to "Post.
Only recently Mussolini appointed Umberto com
mander of armies grouped in Central and Southern
Italy, Sicily and Sardinia. The prince's first order
of the day ended with "Hail to II Duce."
The army and the house of Savoy nevertheless may
be the salvation of Italy. Many Italians lotJk for a
military dictatorship as the eventual successor to
Fascism, with some Fascist policies and administrative
forms retained but without Mussolinian oppression.
No revolution could succeed without the support of
the army. And the army always has been and con
tinues to be loyal to the House of Savoy.
Only when rebellion is reasonably sure of success
with the aid of the army and possible military sup
port in Europe from the United Nations is it likely to
come, in the view of many.
With Germany so weakened that Hitler’s army no
longer could serve as Mussolini’s bulwark, the King
might then dismiss his premier and appoint a suc
cessor W'ith the full support of the loyal Italian army.
By LOUIS P. LOCHNER.
LISBON, May 16.—Adolf Hitler committed the
greatest blunder of his career when he took on
himself the odium of declaring war on the United
States. That is the opinion held by those of us
who lived in Germany and believe we understand
German psychology.
The Fuehrer completely flabbergasted the Ger
man "people.
Apparently he also so effectively
stunned even his own intimate |
followers that Propaganda Minis- i
ter Paul Joseph Goebbels, hitherto j
a master mind at propaganda, for I
once failed correctly to estimate
German psychology.
For weeks and months the Nazi
slogan in response to unfriendly
acts by the United States had
been: "We won't let ourselves be
provoked.”
Even after Japan attacked the
United States German friends and
acquaintances in every walk of
life insisted that Hitler would
L. P. Lorbnrr.
merely offer a declaration of solidarity with Japan
but wouldn’t go beyond that.
Had Sold War to People.
Hitler had been able to “sell" his war to the German
people by claiming—
That the Poles seized the Gleiwitz radio station be
i fore German troops moved:
That the British and French declared a state of
war existed with Germany;
That the British already were on their way to Nor
way when, for "protection” of Denmark and Norway,
he sent his forces into those countries;
That Holland, Belgium. Greece and Yugoslavia
plotted against Germany and already were on the
move when he forestalled them;
That the Russians already were mobilized against
the Reich when at the 11th hour he parried with
a counter-stroke.
The rank and file of German people—even
those millions who do not approve his policies—
thought Der Fuehrer too "smait” ever to declare
war.
Astounding News to People.
President Roosevelt was represented especially
as a man already in his dotage. Give him a little
more rope—so the Germans were led to believe—
and he would hang himself. Above all, don't play
into his hands, was the watch cry. He wants war,
it was Said—in fact. “Roosevelt is running after war"—
so don’t do him the favor of giving him a war.
And then on December 11 the astounding, the
: amazing, the unbelievable thing happened—Hitler
declared war. This was like an ice-cold shower to
; the German people. Their leader was slipping.
Although he had promised the “completion of
the greatest victory in history during 1941," which
every Teuton interpreted to mean a victorious peace
after but two years of war, he now told the people
to get ready for a prolonged conflict.
Incidentally, this conflict to date, according to
best estimates available, has meant 2.500.000 casualties j
I for Germany, of which three-quarters of a million
are dead.
Psychologically, too, Hitler was slipping.
We American journalists were guests of the
Gestapo while the Fuehrer spoke to the Reichstag
on December 11, hence we didn't hear that oratorical
effort.
End Talk With Threats.
We were genuinely surprised, however. W’hen one 1
of our guards next day in return lor cigarettes slipped
us a copy of a Berlin daily containing his text, and
; wTe noted how the German dictator ended his speech <
not with a pep talk to fire the nation but with dire
: threats against saboteurs at home.
We had hitherto considered Hitler a better psy
chologist.
Correspondents who consider themselves acquaint- I
ed with German psychology also believe it was a
grave error to present the German people with the
fable about the heart disease of Field Marshal Gen.
Walter von Brauchitsch as a Christmas gift.
Large sections of the German people look to soldiers
of the old school of which Von Brauchitsch, a disciple
(of the late Col Gen.'Werner von Fritsch, was an out
standing representative as their last hope to stave
oft the worst aspects of Nazi domination over an
enslaved people.
-/
W. A. A. C/s to Face K. P. Duty;
Hopes for Glamour Dispelled
By NELSON M. SHEPARD.
A lot of women betwen 21 and 45
are due for a rude awakening if
they think of enlistment in the
newly created Women’s Army Aux
iliary Corps only as a short-cut to
a life of military glamour.
Mrs. Oveta Culp Hobby of Hous
ton, Tex., director of the Nation's
first W. A. A. C. army, lost no time
in disillusioning any such hope after
she was inducted into office yester
day at the War Department.
"The Waacs"—and it's all right
with her to call them by that ab
breviated term—are to be non-com
batant soldiers in discipline, train
ing and service, whether that be
at home or overseas. The only voice
they are expected to heed is that
of the stern call to duty in a war
which the new director thinks of as
mucl) a woman’s war as it is a man's
war
Training for the W. A. A. C.’s will
start at Fort Des Moines, Iowa, on
July 5 for officer candidates and
September 15 for the enlisted per
sonnel of the corps. Army person
nel will direct them. From reveille
to taps, which ends the night study
period, it will be a hard and steady
grind. The day will start with
physical setting-up exercises, which
is nothing new to the average worn-,
an, but the Army program is likely
to be more exacting. The courses
will extend for 12 weeks.
Mrs. Hobby, who was trained for
the task that lies ahead by prior
service as chief of the women's in
terest section of the War Depart
ment's public relations section, was
inducted in a simple ceremony, save
for the exacting demands of a bat
tery of newsreels and news cameras.
The scene was Secretary of War
Slimson’s conference room, where
mrny of the Nation’s important
military decisions are made.
Clad in a blue suit with white
collar and wearing a natural straw
colored hat with a gay crown, the
5-foot 3-inch Texan stood between
two American flags, flanked by Gen.
George C. Marshall, chief of staff,
in khaki shirt sleeves, and Secre
tary Stimson. Proud and pleased,
her husband, William P. Hobby,
former Governor of Texas, watched
the proceedings.
After Maj. Gen. Myron C. Cramer,
judge advocate general, adminis
tered the oath, Secretary Stimson
turned to her and said:
"The War Department considers
itself very fortunate to have a
woman of your attainments as
(See W. A. A. C„ Page A-9.)
. Von Brauchitsch s “resignation
and Hitler's assumption of the su
preme army command acted like a
bombshell. The removal of the
marshal further put the German
people in the doldrums.
Besides, the older generation re
membered only too well how the
United States in 1917 gave the de
cisive turn to the last World War.
Spellbinders Unconvincing.
Would history repeat itself? That
was the question on millions of lips.
The answer by party spellbinders
that this was a new type of war
didn't seem convincing. The very
fact that this is chiefly a mechanical
war raised the gravest doubts of
German victory in the minds of the
common people in the Reich when
America's participation was insured
by Hitler's war declaration. For
every schoolboy in Germany knows
America is tops in mechanics.
As if it were not enough, the talk
ative little Dr. Goebbels felt im
pelled to inject himself into the sit
uation with two radio addresses to
the German people on December 20
and on Christmas Eve. If ever he
struck a wrong note it was in those
two speeches.
At a time when people in Germany
were freezing for want of coal and
when no more “real” wool was avail
able and furs were practically un
obtainable, Dr. Goebbels four days
before Christmas asked the nation
to give up pelts and other warm
things and have them shipped to the
Russian front.
German people couldn't believe
their ears.
Only a few weeks previously a
weekly newsreel had been brought
(See LOCHNER, Page AT)
/"CHIEF, WE. BIUEVE \|
I There’s a plot to undermine \
il CONFIDENCE IN CONGRESS
'IK HERE’S THE EVIDENCE! L
y WHY, THAT IS JUST
Evidence of your need v
For a Good public relations i
m. TELL HARRY BYRD TO
SEE LOWELL MELLETT.
_ _
War Review Says U. S. Thrusts
Have Affected Jap Strategy
Naval and Air Raids Lay Groundwork
For Period of Offensive Action
(Text of Army-Navy War Review '
on Page A-24.J
B? the Associated Press.
A joint Army-Navy communi
que, reviewing the progress of
the war to date, asserted last
night that during a period of
preparation for offensive action
a "number of successful thrusts"
at the Japanese had worked a
“lasting eflfect upon the strategic
situation.”
Among such strokes. It listed the
naval raids on the Gilbert and Mar
shall Islands, Wake Island, Marcus
Island, and the bombing of Japan
itself. It included, too, the destruc
tion of Japanese ships in the battles
Americans Who Left
Germany Find France
'Unhappy, Helpless'
Newsman Tells of Some
Cheering Incidents in
'Land of Depression'
Alvin J. Steinkopf. native of
Minnesota, former chief of Asso
ciated Press bureaus in Vienna
and Budapest and for the last
two and one-half years assigned
to Germany, arrived in Lisbon
yesterday and in this story tells
of his trip across France, an
illuminating journey despite con
stant suspicious scrutiny by the
Gestapo.
By ALVIN J. STEINKOPF,
(Associated Press War Correspondent V
LISBON, May 16.—Seventy
four bedraggled citizens of the
United States—diplomats, news
correspondents and their fam
ilies—arrived in Lisbon at 7:15
o'clock tonight after five months
of internment in Germany.
They were on the first of three
special trains which are bringing
132 United States citizens and 120
Central and South Americans from
concentration points in Germany,
where they had awaited comple
tion of tedious negotiations for ex
change of German diplomats and
newsmen In the Western Hemi
sphere.
One hundred and twenty-five
Americans already had arrived in
Lisbon from Italy.
All are to go home on the diplo
matic exchange ship Drottningholm.
which docked here unity and began
discharging 923 Germans. Italians,
Bulgarians and Hungarians. The
Drottningholm's sailing is sched
uled for May 21.
Group Is “Hungry but Happy.”
Among the Americans from Italy
were the Rev. Hiram Gruber Woolf
of Elmira, N. Y.. rector of St. Paul’s
American Episcopal Church in
Rome, who was arrested November
18 on suspicion of espionage: Harold
Denny, New York Times cor
respondent, and Maj. Michael Buck
ley, United States Army observer,
both of whom were captured in
Libya before the Axis went to war
against the United States.
The Americans reaching here to
night from Germany were dirty and
hungry, but mostly in good health
(See STEINKOPF, Page A-4.)
Towers Is Assistant
Naval Chief for Air
By the Associated Press.
Reflecting the rapidly growing im
portance of air power in sea war
fare, the Navy yesterday created
the office of assistant chief of naval
operations for air and assigned to
the post Rear Admiral John H.
Towers, pioneer aviation enthusiast.
Admiral Towers will continue in
his present capacity as chief of the
Bureau of Aeronautics in addition
to his new duties. He will be re
sponsible directly to Vice Admiral
Frederick J. Horne, vice chief of
naval operations. '
of the Coial Sea and Macassar
Straits, the feats of American sub- ’
marines in the Far Pacific and the
numerous raids by American planes
based on Australia.
The communique summarized war
activities in general terms only, and
for the most part related facts which
had been made available piecemeal
to the public from time to time.
Most of it was devoted to the Phil
ippine conflict.
It did, however, contain some new
details of the fighting that had
taken place, and conclusions drawn
from it. Amonfe these things, it said:
During the first three weeks of the
_ <See WAR REVIEW, Page A-12.1
Browder, leaving Jail,
Says He'll 'Promote
Unity' for Victory
U. S. Communist Chief
Commuted by President,
Departs From Atlanta
By the Associited Press.
ATLANTA, May 16. — Earl
Browder, stocky leader of the
Communist Party in the United
States, was freed today by Presi
dent Roosevelt, who commuted
his four-year jail sentence with
the assertion it would have a
tendency to “promote national
unity.”
The 50-year-old Communist, who
himself has aspired to the presi
dency in three different elections,
had served 14 months in the Federal
Penitentiary here for falsification in
obtaining a passport.
Upon lioeration, Browder said
freedom would enable him “to take
my place in the great war effort.
Then he added, “I hope that
everyone who is interested in my
release will make it the occasion, as
I will, to intensify every effort to
weld unbreakable national unity
under the Commander-ni-Chief for
victory in the war.
Leaves on New York Train.
“That is as far as my plans can
go now, until I have had a brief
period of reorientation.” Browder
said he would leave tonight on a
New York train.
Meanwhile. Communist party
‘ (See BROWDERTPage A-2.)
Malta Bags 2 Axis Planes
VALLETTA. Malta. May 16 (/Pi.—
The R. A. P. destroyed two Axis
planes and damaged four others in
fights here today, a communique
announced.
This brought toseven the number
of Axis planes destroyed over the
fortress from noon Thursday.
Russian Forces Press
Slashing Advance in
Kharkov Sector
Fighting Is Raging in
Vicinity of Kerch,
Moscow Asserts
By tfcr Associited Pres*
MOSCOW, May 17 (Sunday).—
Tank-paced forces of Marshal
Semeon Timoshenko continued
their slashing advance on Khar
kov yesterday while on the Kerch
Peninsula heavy fighting raged
in the vicinity of the city of
Kerch, on the narrow' strait
across from the Caucasus, the
Russians announced officially
today.
"In the Kharkov direction our
troops waged offensive battles, suc
cessfully advancing and capturing
booty and prisoners," the midnight
Soviet communique said.
"On the Kerch Peninsula our
! troops waged stubborn battles in
1 the region of the city of Kerch."
j (The Germans claimed yesterday
the town and harbor of Kerch had
fallen to Nazi arms.)
The Russians listed 70 more Ger
man tanks disabled—presumably on
the Khardov front, where more
I than 400 of the Nazi vehicles have
| been reported damaged or destroyed
! previot^ly in the uninterrupted Red
| Army drive.
Transport and Destroyer Sunk.
In the Barents Sea, the commu
nique said an 8.000-ion enemy trans
port and a destroyer were sunk and
a second destroyer neavily damaged
and apparently sunk by Soviet
planes and warships.
Destruction of 56 German planes
was credited to Russian airmen and
ground forces on Friday against 13
Soviet losses.
Supplementing the communique,
dispatches from the Kharkov front
said locality after locality was be
ing captured by Timoshenko's men.
: "Our offensive is developing every
day." said one account. "The enemy
is unable to stop our advance.” Four
Gejman counterattacks have been
smashed."
In a sudden eruption of fighting
on the Kalinin front, northwest of
I Moscow, the Germans were declared
! repulsed in repeated attacks. The
1 communique itself said that outside
the Kerch and Kharkov sectors
there had been no essential change
in positions.
Enter Many Communities.
Earlier accounts of the Kharkov
1 offensive said yesterday the Rus
| sians had battered their way into
j many communities surrounding the
big industrial center in the might
| offensive aimed at folding back the
southern w-ing of Hitler's invasion
line.
(Still without confirmation
were advices current in London
that the attackers had cracked
“ i See RUSSIAN. Page A-3>
Restaurants Ordered to Cut
Milk Price to March Level
Restaurants and drugstores
and other establishments here
that have, increased the price
of milk consumed on the prem
ises since the first of April must
cut their prices back to March
levels, a new Office of Price Ad
ministration ruling disclosed yes
terday.
Bottled and counter-mixed bever
ages sold for consumption on the
premises also are subject to the
same ruling.
Many establishments which were
selling half pints of milk for 5 cents
during March, increased the price
to 7 cents following a raise in the
wholesale price.
An official of Peoples Drug Store
which operates the city’s largest
drug chain of 50 stores, said yester
day they had ordered their milk
marked down to 5 cents per hall
pint, the retail price in March. The
company has been selling milk at
7 cents since the beginning of the
month.
The Welfare and Recreatiional
Association which operate 47 Gov
ernment building lunchrooms re
ported the highest March price for
milk was 6 cents a half pint and
that it was now selling for that
amount. Pint bottles, however, will
be marked down from 10 cents to
9 cents, the highest March figure,
according to the association.
As contrasted to this, Whelan's
Drug Stores reported selling milk at
7 cents during March. Under the
O. P. A. ruling, this chain may con
tinue to sell half pints at this price.
Confusion over the question
whether or not the freezing order
affected bottled beverages centered
on a section listing exemptions to
the general price regulation. It
read: "This regulation shall not
apply to the following sales or de
(See MILK, Page A-8.)
Not Enough Gas
On Hand to Meet
Ration Orders
Rush to Fill Tanks
Before Deadline Cut
Deep Into Supply
Going into its first week end of
rationed gasoline, Washington
today faced a Sunday at home,
made necessary not only by ra
tioning itself, but also by a short
age of the supply of fuel in the
hands of dealers.
The rush of many motorists to
fill up their tanks before rationing
went into effect put a heavy drain
on the deliveries to dealers here,
and yesterday many filling stations
were refusing to fill even the de
mands authorized by ration cards.
Nearly all gasoline stations in the
city will be closed today.
A survey of sources of supply
yesterday disclosed that the de
mand for rationed gasoline ranged
from “slight,” to only “fair,” but
for the mast part, there was not
enough fuel to supply this rationed
demand.
One large cfeain of stations was
limiting sales to not more than 3
gallons per person, and. with Its
I local supply virtually exhausted,
was trucking gasoline from Balti
more. one official said, but even
j Baltimore “was running low.” On
! the other hand some filling stations
I reported they were not short.
Boards May Grant More.
More liberal allowances for thoee
holding cards with restricted
amounts of fuel will be considered
by the six local ration boards set up
throughout the city, beginning to
morrow morning. The procedure for
persons who actually need more will
be to go to one of the local boards,
and fill out an application for a
"supplmental'’ supply.
Tnese local boards which also are
handling sugar raiioning are lo
cated as follows: Force School,
1740 Massachusetts avenue N.W.;
Oyster School. Twenty-ninth and
Calvert streets N.W.; Mount Pleas
ant Branch Public Library, Six
teenth and Lamont streets N.W.;
Hayes School. Fifth and K streets
N.W.; Southwest Branch, Public Li
brary, Seventh and K streets S.W.;
Ketcham School, Fifteenth street
and Good Hope road S.E.
Whether persons who are granted
higher ration cards can buy more
gasoline, however, will depend on
whether there is enough gasoline
to go around.
Among those who were "assured’’
yesterday of a suplemental supply
were workers in war construction
jobs in this East Coast gas ration
area, including this city and vicinity.
Such assurance was given In an
official statement issued by the Of
fice of Price Administration.
Labor Leaders Visit O. P. A.
The statement followed a visit
made at O. P. A. headquarters by a
committee of three labor leaders
from the Washington Building
Trades Council. They had reported
that several workers, badly needed
for construction jobs here had left
the vicinity for fear they could not
get sufficient gas to take them home
eventually. The committee consist
ed of C. F. Preller. president of the
council; John Locher. executive sec
retary, and Willy Arnheim. business
agent for heavy construction labor.
Mr. Locher expressed gratification
over the statement issued by O. P.
A. He said the huge construction
jobs in this city and vicinity now
were employing about 35.000 men
badly needed for new war construc
tion.
“Thousands of workers on war
construction jobs in the East Coast
gas ration area, who need their cars
not only to drive back and forth to
work, but also to travel from job
to job."’ said the statement, “are
assured adequate supplies of gaso
line for these purposes.
“Many of these workers are em
ployed in the rationed area on a
temporary basis, and are concerned
over the quantities of gasoline they
can get under rationing conditions.
Lodged Far From Jobs.
“Because of a lack of housing
facilities near many construction
jobs, workers have to be lodged
several miles from their places of
work. Also, skilled workmen, in
, eluding electricians, plumbers and
carpenters, have to transport their
own tools, thus making use of their
cars essential. As soon as one job
is done, they have to travel to a
new one, perhaps at some distant
point.
“The gasoline rationing regula
tions permit supplemental rations of
gasoline whenever they are needed
for cars that must be driven in
pursuit of a gainful occupation.
Supplemental rations may also be
issued to migrant workers who need
their cars to travel from job to job.
“Application for additional sup
plies of gasoline is to be made at
a local rationing board. The local
board is authorized by O. P. A. to
issue ration cards providing for the
purchase of the necessary quantity
of gasoline."
Nine More Boards to Be Set Up.
Although the statement did not
explain which kind of card the men
should get, it was believed most of
them who had received some kind
of a B card, would be given a
(See GASOLINE, Page A-4~)
Radio Programs Page E-4
Complete Index Page A-2

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