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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 18, 1942, Image 20

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Washington and Vicinity
.Ml I I ■ -I-Ml.- I I - — I ■—■
Society and General
WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, MAY 18, 1942.
B—1
District Marks
Loyalty Day by
Special Services
'I Am American'
Theme Stressed at
Many Gatherings
Citizens, native and naturalized, in
Washington and throughout the
country, gave thanks yesterday at
religious services and special ob
servances marking "I Am an Amer
ican Day.”
The day was set aside by presi
dential proclamation to underline
to the people the fact that the
world-wide war carries responsibili
ties and duties that mu t be per
formed if victory is to be won.
Tire Americanization School As
riation sponsored the largest
meeting of Washingtonians with
ceremonies in the Departmental
Auditorium or. Constitution avenue
last night. The principal speaker
was DrAvilliam F. Russell, dean of
Columbia University Teachers Col
lege,
Freedom of Thought, Action.
Dr. Russell stressed the need for
keeping up a constant search and
struggle for the freedom of thought
and action which Americans, since
the founding of the Republic, have
learned are essential to happiness.
Other speakers on the program
included Marshall E. Dimock, asso
ciate commissioner of the United
States Immigration and Naturali
zation Service: William C. Fitz
gibbon. representing the Treasury
Department war bond sales drive
and Richmond B Keech. District
corporation counsel.
At a meeting earlier in the day
at Roosevelt stadium, sponsored by
Fort Stevens Post No. 32 of the
American Legion. Dr. Henry Grattan
Doyle, dean of Columbian College,
George Washington University, de
livered the main address empha
sizing the part played by youth in
prosecuting the war.
Ideals Stressed in Church.
Preaching at Takoma Park Bap
tist Church, the Rev, William E.
La Rue said he was proud of the
Nation's armed forces. "In the end
we shall be as interested as a Na
tion to assist in effecting a just and
durable peace,” he said, “as we now'
are resolved to wage successful
warfare.”
Citing George Washington's be
lief that America must cultivate a
Christian outlook. Dr. Howard
Chandler Robbins said in St. John's
Episcopal Church that "nationalism,
understood in this sense, is no more
in conflict v.iih Christian ideals of
world-wide fellowship than loyalty
to family conflicts with duty to the
State.”
Americanism and religion have a
common destiny, said Prank Buck
ley, commander of the National
Cathedral Post. American Legion,
at exercises in First Methodist
Church jointly sponsored by the
congregation and the Civilian De
fense Committee of the Southeast
area. Other speakers there were
Grover Hartman, defense commis
sioner of the Washington Federa
tion of Churches; Victor Perlmut
ter, Charles M. Thomas, W. G.
Cornelius. James O'Brien and the
church pastor, the Rev. A. F. T.
Raum.
Catholic war veterans of the Dis
trict observed the day by attend
ing mass at Holy Comforter Catho
lic Church. Fourteenth and East
Capitol streets, followed by break
fast in a school nearby. The Rev.
Edwin A. Luckett. chaplain of the
Father Daly Post, celebrated the
mass.
Mrs. Byron's Candidacy
'Surprise,' Lane Says
By the Associated Press.
HAGERSTOWN. Md„ May 18 —
William Preston Lane. jr.. Demo
cratic national committeeman, said
yesterday that Mrs. Katharine E.
Bvron's announcement that she
would seek renomination as Mary
land’s 6th congressional district
Representative, came as a surprise
to him.
“I knew nothing about it,” he de
clared. "Mrs. Byron did not discuss
the matter with me.”
Mr. Lane would not comment
further on Mrs. Byron's announce
ment.
Maryland's first woman member
of Congress succeeded to the un
expired term of her late husband.
William D Byron. wrho was killed in
an airplane crash in Georgia last
year.
She defeated republican A. Charles
Stewart of Fros.ourg in last May’s
special election.
Mrs. W. J. Hieronymus
Dies in Alexandria
Mrs. Dorothy Day Hieronymus,
23. wife of Dr William J. Hierony
mus, Alexandria dentist, died yes
terday at her home, 304 Lloyd lane,
Alexandria, after an illness of sev
eral weeks. She was the daughter
of Assistant State Controller and
Mrs. Sidney C. Day, jr.
Mrs. Hieronymus was educated at
Madison College. Harrisonburg. Be
sides her parents and husband she
is survived by a 4-month-old son,
Gerald; two brothers. William War
wick and Robert Warren Day, both
of Richmond, and her grandmothers,
Mrs. Sidney G. Day of Darlington.
Md„ and Mrs. Annie T. Warwick of
Norfolk.
Funeral services were to be held
this afternoon at the Wheatley fu
neral home, Alexandria, with addi
tional services and burial at 4 p.m.
tomorrow in Richmond.
District Heights Plans
Transportation Pool
The commissioners of District
Heights. Md„ are sponsoring a
transportation pool for residents of
that area, it was announced today.
A questionnaire addressed to resi
dents of District Heights, Parkland,
Clearview, Suitland, Forestville and
vicinity asks motorists if they are
Interested in pooling automobile
facilities.
Driver Held in Girl's Death
After Escaping Angry Crowd
Horace W. Trice, 37, of 2726 Thir
tieth street N.E., saved by Upper
Marlboro police from an angry
crowd Saturday afternoon after his
automobile struck 15-year-old Doris
Stallings in froi't of the Upper
Marlboro Court house, was charged
yesterday with manslaughter when
Miss Stallings died in Casualty Hos
pital.
According to police. Miss Stallings
was walking along the sidewalk in
front of the courthouse when the
car jumped the curb, crushed her
against the fence and continued
across the courthouse lawn almost
to the door of the police station.
Mr. Trice was taken in custody
by County Officers Wilson Purdy
and Wilmer Suit and Town Po
liceman Wesley Kerr, station Clerk
Vinton Nichols said that a crowd
of about 50 persons followed them
into the police station, threatening
the driver.
Efforts to clear the station were
unsuccessful, according to police.
The three officers said they were
forced to take Mr. Trice to the
county jail to get him away from
the crowd.
His hearing in Police Court in
Upper Marlboro is scheduled for
today. Mr. Trice is listed on police
records as a clerk at the American
Red Cross.
Another traffic fatality was re
corded yesterday.
George Kitson, 21, farmer of
Franconia. Va., was killed when his
car crashed into a telegraph pole
on the Franconia road. Police said
he apparently lost control of the
car. He was pinned in the wreckage.
A passenger, George Tuckett, 15,
of Franconia, suffered shoulder and
head injuries and was admitted to
the Alexandria Hospital. His con
dition was described as not serious.
Nearby Areas Lisl
Hours for Late Comers
To Get Gas Cards
Applicants for Increased
Rations Also Will Be
Heard if Desired
Rationing officials in nearby
Maryland and Virginia today an
nounced arrangements for late reg
istrants for gasoline cards and ap
plicants for supplemental rations.
Registration will be held today and
tomorrow from 10 a m to 4 p.m. at
2805 Wilson boulevard for Arlington
Countv residents Officials said that
the registration mip it also be held
Wednesday if the demand made it
necessary.
In Rockville, registration will
take place every day this week at
the rationing board's headquarters
in the court house. Hours are from
9 a m. to 4 p.m.
Applications for supplementary
rations will be available from 8:30
a m. to 4 p.m. tomorrow at the Prince
Georges County Rationing Board's
headquarters in the county service
building in Hyattsville.
Bertrand E. Trenis. in charge of
gas rationing in Fairfax County, an
nounced that registrars will be
available for the remainder of the
week from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily and
from 9 a m. to 1 p.m Saturday.
The Alexandria Rationing Board’s
office will be open daily from 9 a m.
to 4 p.m., according to Charles W
Jones.

Funeral Services Held
For Charles H. Pierce
Charles H. Pierce, 74. who died!
Friday at his home. Baileys Cross
Roads, Va.. was buried yesterday in j
Oakwood Cemetery, Falls Church. '
Funeral services were conducted by
the Rev. Hugh Miller, formerly of
Seoul, Korea, his brother-in-law.
Mr Pierce was appointed to the
Patent Office in 1894, was made a
law examiner in 1915 and later ex
aminer of classification. He retired
in 1938 after nearly 44 years of serv
ice. For many years he was a
member of the Steinmetz team of
the Patent Office Bowling League.
Mr. Pierce is survived by his
widow. Mrs. Mattie Y. Pierce; two
daughters, Mrs. Harrison V. Rouse
of Deale. Md.. and Mrs. Charles F.
Miller, jr.. of Baileys Cross Roads;
a son. Herbert R. of the Panama
Canal Zone: five grandchildren, a
sister, Mrs. Hugh Miller of West
Falls Church, and three brothers.;
Harry R. of Nashville, William A. of
West Falls Church and Maurice J.
of Washington.
Rubber Life Raft Drifts
Ashore at Plum Point
Special Dispatch to The Star.
PLUM POINT. Md.. May 18—A
large rubber life raft drifted ashore
here on the high tides of the week
end.
The raft, identified by markings
as the property of the United States
Navy, is built to carry 10 persons.
It was inflated and a long, heavy
rope was attached to it. There
were no clues as to what ship it
had come from or whether it had |
carried survivors of a disabled
vessel.
Dunn Loring Firemen
Will Meet Tonight
Residents of Dunn Loring. Va.,
and the surrounding area have been
invited to attend a meeting tonight
of the new Dunn Loring Volunteer
Fire Department Company at the
Dunn Loring School.
The company is to operate at
first as a unit of the Vienna Volun
teer Fire Department.
Both men and women are eligible
for charter membership in the
Dunn Loring company.
McNamee to Speak
Prince Georges County Treasurer
Harry McNamee will speak at a
meeting of the Chillum District
Democratic Club in Star Hall, Mount
Rainier, tomorrow night. State
Senator L. Harold Sothoron, presi
dent, said Lt. Col. C. L. Aiello of
the Maryland State Guard, orig
inally scheduled as the guest speak
er, would be unable to attend.
Marine School Weighed
NORFOLK, Va.. May 18 (/P).—W.
H. Maher, acting Virginia port di
rector, has written to all Virginia
high school principals asking the
names of senior boys who would be
interested in attending a State Mer
chant Marine School If it is found
practicable to establish such an in
stitution.
Brentsville Dance
MANASSAS, Va.. May 18 (Spe
cial).—The Brentsville Community
League will sponsor a dance in the
courthouse at Brentsville Thursday
evening.
Bus Line Change
Opponents to Go
By Bus to Protest
A delegation of Prince Georges
County citizens will leave their
automobiles at home and go to Bal
timore by bus Wednesday to protest
a proposed change in the county’s
suburban bus and streetcar routes.
Louis A. Day, chairman of the
county’s Special Transportation
Committee, said that group and
other interested citizens would meet
at Dudrow’s Drug Store, Hvattsville,
to board an 8 a.m. bus. They will
appear before the State Public Serv
ice Committee to oppose the Capi
tal Transit Co.'s plan to break down
existing streetcar and bus routes
from downtown Washington out
lying areas so its terminal at Mount
Rainier might become a transfer
point for most patrons.
Mr Day said it will be the first
time to his knowledge that such a
delegation will use buses instead of
private cars to reach a hearing in
Baltimore. County citizens were un
successful in an effort to have the
hearing held in Hyattsville.
. — ‘
Cost of Soil Program
Is Attacked by Byrd
By the Associated Press.
An Agriculture Department report
showing that 15.1 per cent of gross
payments to Virginia farmers under
the soil conservation program in
1940 was deducted for County Agri- :
cultural Conservation Association
expenses has been laid before Con- I
gress by Senator Byrd, Democrat,
of Virginia.
The percentage reductions by
counties ranged in Virginia from 5.8
per cent in Clarke and Northampton
Counties to 55.1 per cent in Prince
William.
Asserting that on a Nation-wide
basis, administrative cost of the pro
gram totaled $42,000,000. Senator
Byrd described as "inconceivable”
the “tremendous variations” in the
administrative cost of the program,
between States and between counties
in the same State.
"I think.” he said, “that if the i
farmers knew definitely that $42,
000,000 was coming off their checks
for administrative expenses they
would object. The money comes out
of the Treasury of the United States,
and even if the farmers do not
object to it, the Congress should do
so, provided the expenditure is ex
travagant.”
Civilian Defense Rally
Slated at Takoma Park
A civilian defense meeting will be
held at 8 o'clock tonight at Columbia
Hall, Washington Missionary Col
lege, Takoma Park, Md., under the
auspices of the air-raid wardens of
the 9th precinct of Montgomery
County.
Dr. Leon Salzman. assistant coun
ty health officer, will tell of his ex
periences in more than 30 air raids
in Scotland and England. Subvers
ive activities in this country will be
discussed by John C. Metcalf, former
newspaperman.
The public is invited. Edward C.
Holmead, district air-raid warden,
will preside.
P.-T aTwIII Elect
MANASSAS. Va.. May 18 (Spe
cial). — -The Gainesville District
Parent - Teacher Association will
meet at 8 p.m. tomorrow in the
school. Officers will be elected.
Withholding Tax
Seen by House
Committeemen
Income Levy Rates
Will Be Considered
By Group Today
Bs the Awociated Press.
Revision of individual income tax
rates, by which the Treasury hopes
to raise *3,400.000,000 of its *8,700,
000,000 new revenue goal, was the
order of business before the House
Ways and Means Committee today.
Despite the Treasury recommenda
tions, several committee members
predicted the rates would not be
set high enough to realize the
Treasury figure. They estimated
that less than $3 000.000.000 would
be provided from new income tax
sources.
That, with other actions taken and
prospective, they said, would leave
the new bill perhaps $2,000,000,000
less than the Treasury has recom
mended.
Although individual taxes remain
to be determined definitely, Repre
sentatives Robertson of Virginia,
McKeough and Healey of Massa
chusetts, Democratic members of the
committee, expressed belief there
was no escape from a “withholding
tax.” Under that plan, advocated
by Secretary of the Treasury Mor
genthau, a maximum of 10 per cent
of an individual's taxable income
would be deducted from each pay
check or pay envelope and credited
against his tax liability on the next
March 15 return.
A. F. L. Protests Exemption Cut.
The committee decided last week
to reduce the income tax exemption
of a single person from $750 to $500
and of married couples from $1,500
to $1,200.
The American Federation of La
bor lodged a protest yesterday
against this proposal. A statement
by the Executive Council said that
while it was realized the cost of war
must be paid by all people, "we in
sist that the Government should
continue to follow the basic prin
ciple that the heaviest burden be
placed upon those best able to pay.”
Lowering personal exemptions, the
council said, "wm not result in
equality of sacriffce. It will hurt
most those who are least able to
pay." The council added that “we
don't doubt for a moment that Con
gress wiU exact heavy taxes from
persons with high incomes this year,
but we submit that it is much less
of a sacrifice to give Up luxuries for
the sake of the war than to destroy
the minimum standards of decent
living.”
Sales Tax Recommended.
Mr. Robertson said Congress
should have the “courage” to ap
prove a general sales tax even
though “it might be politically un
wise.” He declared the committee
would have to approve a sales tax or
fall short of the Treasury's goal.
“When the Treasury program was
first presented i asking $7,600,000,
000).” Mr. Robertson said. “I did not
think it was adequate because the
total amount to be raised was not
enough, and It did not extend sac
rifices to all groups of income pro
ducers.
“The only way of meeting this
emergency would be to include some
suitable consumption tax.”
Many committeemen have pre
dieted that a sales tax would not be
approved, even If the estimated yield
of $2,500,000,000 from a 5 per cent
retail sales tax would bring the
bill's total to the administration
level.
Six Prince William Men
Called for Army Duty
Special Dispatch to The Star.
MANASSAS, Va.. May 18.—Six
selectees were ordered today to re
port to Fort Myer May 28 for Army
induction, according to C. C. Cloe,
chairman of the Prince William
County Selective Service Board.
The group includes Oliver Elisha
Davis, Alfred Green Leonard, Philip
John Sholtis, Edwin Armistead
Walter, jr.: Reginald Kincheloe and
Carlton George Jones.
Will Receive Degree
MANASSAS, Va„ May 18 (Spe
cial).—Miss Jessie May Conner,
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. J.
Conner of Manassas, will be gradu
ated from Bridgewater (Va.) Col
lege at exercises May 25.
Lieut.
H.M.R.UDIO...
OF WASHINGTON...
"DEAN"OF THEAJAVY3
DIESEL SCHOOL AT THE
NORFOLK BASE.
Terrific Mine Blast
Heard 15 Miles Away
Kills 3, Burns 2
Flames Seen Three Miles
From Scene of Explosion
In West Virginia
By the Associated Pre*s.
McMECHEN, W. Va . May 18.—
A terrific explosion killed three men
in the Hitchman Coal & Coke Co.
mine early today and seriously
burned two others.
The company announced that
eight other miners escaped unhurt.
They were at first reported trapped.
The bodies of Hardy Parks, 50,
colored, and Mike Polus. 28. were
recovered, but the body of John
Mojzer, 55. was still missing, the
company said.
Daniel Polus. 22. brother of Mike
Polus. and Albert Valenbois, 27,
were taken to a hospital with burns.
Guards kept spectators from the
mine entrance because the explosion
knocked down high tension wires,
severing mine power lines.
The eight uninjured men were in
a section possibly a quarter of a
mile ‘from the explosion, which oc
curred near the entrance. When
their power failed they made their
way to safety.
A preliminary check failed to show
definitely the nature of explosion,
although observers agreed it prob
ably was caused by an accumulation
of gas.
! The blast was heard a distance of
j 15 miles. Tonques of flame shot
, from the entrance of the slope mine
and were visible at Bellaire. Ohio.
3 miles distant across the Ohio
River. These ignited the tipple.
but this fire was quickly exting
uished.
The force of the explosion caused
large fissures in the earth flanking
the shaft into the mine.
The mine employs approximately
300 men. but one of three shifts—the
11 p.m.-7 a.m. tour—was temporarily
discontinued a week ago. Normally.
110 men work on a shift.
Secret Service Man
Inducted at Bethesda
A secret service guard at Hyde
Park and two married volunteer
officer candidates whose wives
waived dependency were among se
lectees sent to Baltimore today for
induction by Selective Service Board
No. 3 of Montbomery County at
Bethesda.
The secret service guard Is Ray
mond Joseph King. 30. of 200 Tay
lor street, Chevy Chase. In a letter
to the board his chief. Frank J.
Wilson, stated that Mr. King's serv
ices were valuable, but that he would
not request a deferment for him.
Thomas Osborne Wanslaben, 29.
of Riverdale and Leslie Wilson
Higby, 27, of 328 Fairfield drive.
Bethesda. are the two volunteer
officer selectees. They are the first
two in this classification to be in
ducted by the board.
FORCED LANDING INJURES TWO—The pilot, Arthur Curtis, 29, of College Park and his passen
ger, Miss Bertha Fisher, 24, of Greenbelt, were injured when this plane made a forced landing at
the Beltsville Research Center yesterday. They were taken to Casualty Hospital by the Branch
ville Rescue Squad. Their conditions were described as not serious. Witnesses said the plane had
taken off from the Schrom Airport at Greenbelt, about three miles away.
—Photo by William A. Moore.
Navy Diesel School Training
200 Mechanics a Month
Veteran Submarine Officers Give Course
So Stiff Only Best Can Make Grade
By FRANCIS E. STAN,
St»r Staff Correspondent.
NORFOLK. Va.—When Rudolph
Diesel of Munich invented his in
ternal combustion engine about
1900 he was to give Germany one
of its excuses to believe it could
conquer the world. Industrialists
and military men agree that, with
out oil-burning Diesels, Adolf Hitler
might have been unable to send
panzer divisions of such strength
riding over Poland, the Low' Coun
tries and France. Reason: Lack of
gasoline.
For more than 30 years the
Diesel has been available to Ameri
can engineers to develop, to make
lighter in weight and yet add
horsepower. But America was slow
to concentrate on the engine. Uncle
Sam has used it for years in sub
marines but only recently has he
gone all out on Diesels to supple
ment the war program.
More and more sub-chasers, net
tenders, cargo and running ships
are being Diesel-powered. There ;
still is an overwhelming majority
of gasoline-driven tanks and
armored cars being made but the
Diesels are rolling off the line, too.
and in greater number than ever
before.
The Germans, it is said, were
using Diesels in mobile machines
while we were employing the engine
only in stationary plants. This
chiefly was because in this country
it was difficult to reduce the weight,
which formerly ran between 200
to 300 pounds per horsepower. Now
American engineers have cut it to
17 pounds per h.p.—or less.
Whether the United States will get
around to installing Diesels in war
planes in time to fully test them
in this war remains to be seen.
Germany is reported to have
powered its Junkers with Diesels,
lightened to IS pounds per horse
power.
Only Better Men Make Grade.
The Navy, wholly alive to the
value of the lightweight Diesel, is
buying up all of the engines it can
get, but there is another problem:
Experts to run and repair them. '
That's why here on the Norfolk j
Operating Base the Diesel School
is running full blast and two shifts
a day. Whereas the Navy formerly
turned out 50 graduates a month.
It now , producing 200 to ship all
over the world.
The Diesel school is not the ro
mantic spot at the operating base.
It is a plain brick building filled
with men in blue denim. Grease
smeared gobs peer without expres
sion into the innards of a dozen
different engines. But without men
to man the oil engines of subs and
converted aircraft carriers, and to
care for the auxiliary Diesels of
the battleships and cruisers, Uncle
Sam's new Navy wouldn’t be 100 per
cent effective.
Raw recruits are not considered
as candidates for the school. Under
Lt. Harry M. Rudio of Washington
and a group of tough petty officers,
all former submarine men with 14
to 30 years of experience in the pig
boats, the eight-week course is so
geared that only the Navy's better
mechanics make the grade. Many
of the men now taking the courses
were at Pearl Harbor December 7.
Why this new emphasis on the
Diesel, aside from gas conservation?
Greater efficiency, argue the pro
Diesel men. And greater safety.
Declared More Efficient.
Anti-Diesel men argue that Hit
ler's panzers are powered with the
oil-burners only because of the lack
of gasoline. The pro-Diesels don't
deny that the Fuehrer may have had
a shortage In mind. “But we figure
the Diesel is 30 per cent more
efficient than gasoline engines,” says
Lt. Rudio, “and there can't be much
argument as to the greater safety.
The Diesel uses oil for fuel and
there is no spark system—simply
igniting of the fuel as a result of the
high compression.
"A gas-powered tank, armored car
or any other vehicle is not dan
gerous as long as the fuel tank is
filled. But as the gas is used you
run into vapor which forms a com- I
bustible mixture. An incendiary
bullet won't hurt a full tank, prob
ably. except to make it leak, but
an incendiary, plus that vapor, is
something else."
Sub men. like Lt. Rudio's petty
officers, make outstanding Diesel in
structors. They know the engines 1
and they know what they can mean
in emergencies. At New London,
Conn, however, is the submarine
school. Here is only the surface
school, although loaded with pig
boat veterans. Lt. Rudio. only com
missioned officer left here now, is the
lone exception. In the Mexican
campaign in 1916 he was an Army
flyer. In two years in France he
was in the Army Signal Corps. In
civilian life he was a crack engineer,
one of the many called by the Navy.
No sub man. he is thoroughly sold
on Diesels—and the Naval Training
Station ball club, headed by Bob
Feller. Lt. Rudio is baseball officer
and sudden heir to what he has been
looking for all spring—a shortstop.
He's getting A1 Brancato of the As
and now' he figures the N. T. S. out
fit, winner of 22 of 24 games, “is j
ready to roll."
Sold on Diesel Subs.
Diesel men are like connoisseurs
of old hams or juleps: they draw
fine distinction lines and hew to
them. For example: “Send Chief
Brown here.” says Lt. Rudio to a
yoeman in his office. Chief Petty
Officer E. L. Brown, beached because
of faulty hearing after 14 years of
sub duty, appears. "What about
the Diesel?” asks Lt. Rudio.
“Well,” answers Brown, ‘‘our old
A. B and C subs had gas engines
and we were scared stiff most of the
time. Pume6, explosions and men
aces like those. Then the French
built a helluva big sub that ran by
steam. It went down—maybe you
remember reading about it. None of
us minded the life on Diesel subs.”
! "Don't getf me wrong," concluded
Petty Officer Brown. “I've been
scared plenty of times. Once we
caught our bow under a coral ledge
at 161 feetj Another time we had
fresh water' in our tanks and hit
lighter, salt water by accident and
dropped to 186 feet before we could
stop. But these are long stories.
Diesel subs just aren't bad at aU.”
Tydings Says Freedom
Is Hard for U.S. to Value
By the Associated Press.
WESTMINSTER, Md.. May 18 - !
Senator Tydings. Democrat, of
Maryland said today lt was hard for
Americans to value the freedom and
opportunities of a democracy be
cause “we have never been without
them—we never suffered to achieve
them."
Addressing the Western Maryland
College graduating class at the 72d
commencement exercises. Senator
Tydings said the challenge of 1942
for college seniors was the “privi
leged opportunity” to extol the
cause of freedom in contrast to dic
tatorships.
“These rights that you and I have
are but 150 years old, in all this span
of human history,” the Senator said
after reviewing the long struggle for
freedom.
Writer's Son Commissioned
MARION, Va., May 18 UP).—Robert
Lane Anderson, publisher of two
Smythe County weeklies and son of
Sherwood Anderson, the writei who
died last year, received word from
the Navy Department yesterday that
he had been commissioned a lieu
tenant In the Naval Reserve.
0. C., Maryland
4\. F. L. Pledges
full War Aid
300 Delegates
Open Convention
At Hagerstown
B> the Associated Press.
HAGERSTOWN. Md., May 18.-«
Fuil co-operation with the Govern
ment's war effort was pledged today
as approximately 300 delegates
apened the annual convention of
the Maryland and District of Co
lumbia Federation of Labor.
Delegates were greeted by Mayor
Richard Sweeney and the principal
speaker this afternoon was to be
Gov. O'Conor.■ The convention will
last three days.
The convention theme is "100 per
cent co-operation with the admin
istration in the war effort." said
Frank J. Coleman. State secretary.
President to Be Named.
One of the principal orders of
business Wednesday will be the elec
tion of a new State president to suc
ceed Joseph McCurdy. Baltimore,
who was named recently to presi
dency of the United Garment Work
ers of America.
Mr. McCurdy has headed the
Maryland and District organization
since 1932.
Other speakers cm the convention
program include Henry Her of the
National Youth Administration: I.
N. Ornburn. secretary of the label
trades department of the American
Federation of Labor, and Howard
Colvin of the United States Depart
ment of Labor Conciliation Service.
C. I. O. Sends Greetings.
In Washington the Executive
Board of the Maryland and District
of Columbia Industrial Union Coun
cil <C. I. O.) yesterday voted to
send friendly greetings to the con
vention.
The C. I O. message said that the
issues which have divided the labor
movement since 1936 ‘'have no
meaning” in view of the conflict
agaian the Axis.
On national and international
questions the C. I. O board asked
creation of a Western European
war front, seizure of Martinique in
the Caribbean and an end to the
present policy toward the Vichy
French government.
The board voted support to C. I. O.
President Philip Murray, approved
the administrations anti-inflation
program, opposed a sales tax and
urged the participation of women
in war industries.
Virginia Convention
Opens in Lynchburg
LYNCHBURG. Va.. May 18 iJ>> —
The 47th annual convention of the
Virginia State Federation of Labor
opened here today at the Virginian
Hotel.
E. J. Shave of Hampton, secretary
and treasurer of the federation, said
that addresses will be made by
Frank Fenton of Washington, di
rector of organization for the Amer
ican Federation of Labor, and Lt.
Robert F Wagner, jr . of Washing
ton. assistant to the Undersecretary
of War.
James Barrett, assistant director
of war savings staff of the Treasury
Department, is scheduled to make a
plea for labor to buy more War
bonds and stamps.
Bruner A. Millard Dies;
Machinist at Navy Yard
Bruner A. Millard. Washington
Navy Yard machinist, who died at
his home in Laurel Friday, was to
be buried this afternoon in Balti
more following services at St. Phil
lips Church in Laurel.
The services will be attended by
a group of workers from the Navy
Yard, where Mr. Millard was em
ployed for 34 years. He was injured
in an automobile accident Decem
ber 1 and was away from work four
months. He was iU only for a day
before his death.
Mr. Millard was a native of Laurel.
He played‘in the Washington Elks'
Band and in several other musical
groups. He is survived by his widow,
Mrs. Helen Millard: a son. Lt. Au
gust Millard. U. S. N.: his step
mother. Mrs. Mary Millard of Hamp
ton, Va.: two brothers. Herman of
Laurel and Oscar of Hampton, and
two sisters. Mrs. Albert Gosnell of
Laurel and Mrs. William Crandell
of Washington.
Marines Promote 7 Majors
From Nearby Maryland
Seven Marine Corps majors from
nearby Maryland are on the list of
100 named for promotion to the tem
porary rank of lieutenant colonel, it
was announced today.
They are: William C. Lemly,
Chevy Chase; Caleb T. Bailey, Blad
ensburg; Clarence J. Chappell, jr.,
and Kenneth B. Chappel. both of
Kensington; Le Page Cronmiller. jr.,
Laurel; David K. Claude and
Fraocis R. Geraci, both of Annap
olis.
Arrests Ordered
In Montgomery
Blackout Cases
All blackout ordinances in Mont
gomery County will be strictly en
forced in future air raid drills and
blackouts, it has been announced by
Civilian Defense Director Albert E.
Brault.
"The general public,” he said, "has
been given an opportunity to become
accustomed to the routine and to
learn the requirements and we feel
that the safety of the community re
quires that we discontinue lenience
to violators in the future."
Mr. Brault's statement was aimed
particularly at a half-dozen estab
lishments which have failed to com
ply with warnings. Future viola
tions will mean arrests, he warned

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