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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 18, 1942, Image 5

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! Shipyard Workers
Accept Reduction
In Wage Increases
Agreement at Parley
Supports Roosevelt's
Anti-Inflation Policy
Bj the Associated Press.
CHICAGO. May 18.—In line with
President Roosevelt’s policy to pre
vent an upward spiraling of prices,
representatives of more than half a
million workers In the Nation’s ship
yards have accepted an agreement
which provides for a smaller In
crease In the uniform wages In the
Industry than warranted by exist
ing contracts.
The increase in wages will average
about 8 cents an hour and repre
sents a total of from $125,000,000 to
$150,000,000 in the next year. Un
der the "cost of living” clauses In
existing contracts, the workers were
entitled to Increases totaling $225,
000,000 for the next 12 months.
Thus, labor’s representatives In the
first major demonstration indorsing
the President’s anti-inflation pro
gram agreed to relinquish an esti
mated $75,000,000 to $100,000,000 in
wage hikes.
The National Shipbuilding Con
ference, at the conclusion of a three
week session, yesterday announced
the program by labor, manage
ment and Government providing for
stabilization of wages.
Agree to Buy War Bonds.
In addition to accepting the lower
wage hikes, labor further agreed to
buy War bonds with their increased
wages and they would not be cashed
except in case of extreme emergency.
Attending the conference were
representatives of the major ship
builders, the American Federation
of Labor, Congress of Industrial
Organizations, Navy, Martime Com
mission and War Production Board.
Chairman Paul R. Porter of the
W. P. B.’s Shipbuiling Stabilization
Conference said the cost of living
rise, which the salary Increases were
to have matched, was 13 per cent
on the West Coast, the model for
the four shipbuilding zones. He said
the actual Increases granted ranged
from 6 to 10 per cent.
During the conference President
Roosevelt urged the conferees to
accept wage standards which would
guard “against the inflationary rise
in the cost of living.”
Redaction Credited to Message.
“The full percentage wage in
crease for which your contract calls
and to which, by the letter of the
law, you are entitled is irrecon
cilable with the national policy to
control the cost of living,” Mr.
Roosevelt told the conference.
The President’s message, Mr. Por
ter said, “very definitely” was re
sponsible for the reduction in in
creases agreed on.
The agreement, on ratification by
workers and shipyard owners, will
stabilize wages for standard first
class mechanics at $1.20 an horn-,
an increase of 8 cents for workers
in the Pacific, Atlantic and Great
Lakes zones. The boost in the Gulf
zone, where a differential was abol
ished, amounts to from 9 to 13
cents, Mr. Porter said. A 10 per
cent hike is provided for common
laborers, who receive 80 cents an
hour under the old agreement.
A report by the conference said
that in addition to a Nation-widb
established wage rate “the confer
ence made adjustments in other
matters which will tend to minimize
to the utomst the migration of labor
from one shipyard to another, as
well as generally stabilizing work
ing conditions throughout the
The agreement, the conference
said, “will pave the wTay for the
practical application of President
Roosevelt’s request for 24-hour-day
use of all tools, equipment and
buildings 365 days a year.”
Brother of Slain Girl
Arraigned in Kansas City
By the Associated Press.
KANSAS CITY, May 18—George
W. Welsh, jr., 28, charged with the
brutal slaying of his pretty sister,
Leila Adele Welsh, today will hear
some of the evidence the State has
assembled against hint.
His preliminary hearing, opening
in Justice Court today, would sum
up evidence to be presented at the
trial—if Welsh is bound over—at
torneys said.
Michael W. OHem, Jackson
County prosecutor, said 50 or 60
witnesses had been summoned and
he expects the hearing to continue
for a week.
The body of Miss Welsh, 24, was
found battered and mutilated in her
bed March 9, 1941. Months later
a grand jury indicted Welsh, but
on May 4 the indictment was set
aside by Circuit Judge Emory H.
Wright on a defense contention the
jury had overstepped its authority,
had acted illegally in its investiga
tion and was prejudiced.
Mr. O'Hern, however, immediately
refiled a first-degree charge against
Welsh, a charge to which the young
man pleaded innocent.
Anti-Axis Demonstration
To Be Held in Mexico
By th- Associated Pres*.
MEXICO CITY, May 18.—A na
tion-wide antl-Axis demonstration
will be held on the arrival home of
21 survivors of the first Mexican
ship torpedoed in this war, the
tanker Portrero del Llano, it was
announced yesterday, as clamor con
tinued for a war declaration against
the Axis.
The demonstration is being ar
ranged by Mexico’s most powerful
labor organization, the General Con
federation of Mexican Workers,
along with other labor and civic
organization throughout the coun
try. Announcement of the date is
awaiting word as to when the sur
vivors, who are expected next week,
will arrive.
The future of Mexican relationa
with Germany, Japan and Italy is
to be weighed today at a special
meeting of the Permanent Congres
sional Commission, which functions
while Congress is not in session.
In a note delivered to Berlin, Rome
and Tokio the government has de
manded "complete satisfaction” for
the sinking of the Potrero del Llano
with the loss of 14 lives. Next Thurs
day was set as the deadline for a
A crowd of workers protesting the
German sinking of the tanker stoned
a German-owned soap factory in
Monterey Saturday, breaking win
dows and firing shot* into the air. j
roar out in a daylight sweep over the continent in one of the
many bombing raids with which they have pounded French,
German and Italian objectives. King George watched the squad
rons take oft and stayed to hear their reports on damage
- - ■ - -
British Ship Sunk
As 22 on Lifeboats
Watch Helplessly
Seaman Fights Off Shark;
U. S. Vessel Torpedoed
In Caribbean, Crew Saved
By th«,Assoeiated Press.
MIAMI, Fla., May 18.—Twenty
two crewmen from a small Amer
ican merchantman watched help
lessly from lifeboats recently as a
submarine blasted a British ship
with two torpedoes several hours
after their own vessel had been «unk
In the Caribbean.
The entire crew escaped from the
American vessel and 20 men were
reported safe from the British craft,
with 22 others missing and presumed
lost. Both ships were attacked in
the same locality. The Americans
came to Miami from a Caribbean
port and two Britons were landed
at Key West by a naval plane. The
other Britons were taken aboard a
passing ship.
Skirmish With Shark.
Michael Fitzgerald, 36, Irish sea
man from the British ship, told of
a skirmish with a shark as he swam
for 12 hours before finding a hatch
cover that he and John McGuire,
30, of London used for a life raft
until picked up. McGuire had a
broken leg and lacerations and both
entered a Key West hospital.
Fitzgerald reported the submarine
surfaced and three men in the con
ning tower seemed to be counting
those who escaped from the British
craft, which sank too swiftly for
boats to be launched after the sec
ond torpedo exploded.
"I waved and shouted for them
to pick us up, but they paid no at
tention,” he reported. “We had to
keep moving because sharks were
swimming nearby. Several hours
after dark I felt something bite my
thigh. I kicked out and my foot
landed on a shark. I must have
frightened them off because we were
not bothered after that.”
He is being treated for a minor
shark tjjte.
Buried Under Lumber.
August Otten, a seaman on the i
American vessel, was on deck. The
torpedo exploded directly beneath
his feet and he was buried under
lumber, but emerged with only a
cut on the head. Shipmates called
his escape "miraculous.”
Capt. Josef Anderson said Otten
was the only man injured. The
Americans believed the submarine
that sank their shl' < was Italian.
Thirty-eight groups of survivors
have told stories at Florida ports
since February 19, and 18 of the
sinkings have been made public by
i the Navy in the past 14 days.
Western Atlantic Sinkings
During War Total 191
NEW YORK, May 18 UP).—Enemy
submarines officially were credited
last week with sending 16 United
Nations vessels to the bottom in
the Western Atlantic Ocean for a
war total of 191 Allied sinkings in
that area.
The Navy-announced casualty list
put the dead in the sinkings at 83,
the missing at 115 and the sur
vivors at 470, and the Navy reported
that of three other merchantmen
attacked but not sunk during the
week of May 11-17 two had been
towed to port, heavily damaged but
still afloat. When last seen, the
third was afire and drifhting out to
Nine victims off the East coast of
the United States boosted the total
here since Pearl Harbor to 101 sink
ings; two off Canada brought that
figure to 26; two in the Caribbean
made 48 there; two in the Gulf of
Mexico raised that total to four,
and one off South America made
that figure 12.
Seven United States ships, two
British and one each of Dutch, Nor
wegian and Mexican registry, as well
as four unidentified vessels, com
posed the week# victims.
Three Women Elected
In Dominican Republic
By the Associated Press.
Republic, May 18.—Women voted
for the first time Saturday in this
country’s general election and did
right well by themselves.
When the votes were counted yes
terday three of them had been
elected to Congress, two to the
Chamber of Deputies and one to
the Senate. In all, the women cast
some 200,000 votes out of the re
public’s total of 800,000 qualified
Former President Rafael L. Tru
jillo, re-elected without opposition,
was to take office today Instead of
waiting the usual three months.
Nevada Is a Spanish word mean
ing “snow dad." ^
King George congratulating the R. A. F. flyers on their
I return from the bombing raids. —A. P. Wirephotos.
Quezon Planning Visit
To Mexico on Bid of
President Camacho
Head of Republic Pays
Tribute to Heroism
Of Filipino People
President Manuel Quezon of the
Philippines has accepted an invi
tation from President Manuel Avila
Camacho, President of Mexico, to
visit Mexico City.
Correspondence between the two
was released by Philippine Resi
dent Commissioner J. M. Elizalde.
In his invitation, President Avila
Camacho sent ‘-a message of affec
tion and admiration for the glorious
manner in which the heroic Filipino
people have been struggling to de
fend their territorial integrity in
close communion with the cause of
the democracies of the world.”
‘‘The transient triumphs obtained
by the aggressors,” he wrote, "do
not diminish our hope of final vic
tory for the principles of justice
and of the peaceful relationship of
men. Mexico follows with deep
emotion and attention the develop
ments of war * • * in the Pacific,
and prays for the conclusion of the
conflict with the victory of liberty
over violence.”
I president Quezon, recalling ms
first visit to Mexico when he was
welcomed by President Cardenas,
“In the unequal struggle, in which
the enemy had an overwhelming su
periority in land, sea and air forces,
the Filipino soldier, answering the
mandate of his people, fought with
the American soldier, in defense, not
only of his homeland, but also of
those principles of liberty and jus
tice and the right of people to di
rect their own destinies, which con
stitute the greatest advance of the
human race in its difficult struggle
toward progress, culture and wel
fare. • • •
“The triumphs obtained up to now
by the enemy we have always con
sidered temporary, inasmuch as we
have never doubted that final vic
tory will be on the side of the people
who believe in democracy and hu
man liberty."
(Continued From First Page.)
high Nazi quarters better than the
steps taken to counteract the de
moralizing effects of Hess’ flight.
Police and plainclothesmen were in
a general state of alarm. Nazi
wardheelers in mufti circulated in
cafes and bars and other public
centers to report any one discussing
the Hess case.
The departure of Hess was the
first big smashup in the Nazi hier
archy since the blood purge of 1934.
No amount of hushing could mini
mize its repercussions. When offi
cials tried to explain the flight as
the act of a “crazy man.” the peo
ple asked themselves “are we being
ruled by crazy men?”
Then came the invasion of Russia.
Germans were not prepared for
it mentally. Hie advisability of
tackling such a giant—with Britain
unconquered—not only shook the
military and political leadership
from top to bottom, but for the first
time shook general confidence In
the ability of the Nazi military ma
chine to swing anything it started.
Not even Hitler's tremendous vic
tories against the Russians could
change the conviction in the minds
of a majority of Germans that he
had tackled a job he couldn’t finish.
“We’ve lost the war,” was the com
mon judgment.
The obvious efforts to hide the
heavy casualties of the eastern cam
paign began to make Germans ques
tion for the first time the veracity
of the high command's war com
muniques. Propaganda phrases such
as “our losses are low when com
pared with our successes” didn’t sit
Though Hitler announced aston
ishingly low casualty figures, the law
of averages told the Germans that
the figures couldn't be right. The
eastern campaign struck close to
home. Every one could count up
relatives or friends within their
small circles who had fallen or been
badly wounded, and then strike an
The heavy losses hurt morale at
BLACK LEATHER CASE, containing bank
books. East Side Bank of Rochester. N. Y..
and Lincoln Natl. Bank of Washington.
Prudential insurance papers, War saving
stamps and sum of money. lost on D st.
between 7th and 8th s.e. Reward. FR.
BRACELET, onyx and silver, on Tuesday,
May 12. between California st. and 18th
and M sts.; reward. North 3791. 18*
BROOCH PIN. lady's, of rubies and pearls,
containing picture of little boy; lost vicinity
Wardman Park Hotel grounds valuable
reward Cali CO. 2000. Apt 407-B__
CAMERA, Kodak, in brown leather case.
Wed.. May 13. Griffith Stadium. Reward.
Call Oliver 9220.
CHARM BRACELET, gold, with 24 charms,
vicinity of Best & Co., May 12; reward.
Call National 6966.
tion “B. H.—4/2/42”: In or vicinity of
Blessed Sacrament Church, Sunday mom
ing. May 17. Reward. Wisconsin 6045.
DOG—Female, small, shaggy, white, with
light brown ears: strayed from 5816 Poto
mac ave. n.w. Sun. Reward. Woodley 6065.
DOG. female, mixture of collie and chow,
odd light and dark brown hair, answers
to name ‘ Bobby." Reward. George E.
C. Hayes, 1732 S at, n.w.19*
HANDBAG—Black, containing small sum
of money, Saturday, in shopping district,
on bus or car. Reward. Georgia 7143.
IRISH SETTER, red, thoroughbred, 1 yr.
old, answers to “Laddie.” Reward. Geor
gia 9387.
LAPEL WATCH—Gold. 2 discs on round
watch. ‘'Bryson” on watch: 7th and Mad
ison, or on one of J-l buses. Reward.
Phone RA. 3981.
LORGNETTE—Small: Wednesday. Call
Woodley 8235.
PIN. gold, small diamond in center sur
rounded by pearls. Reward. Dupont 5636.

PURSE, black. Saturday night, contain
ing money, cosmetics and white kid gloves.
Left in cab after leaving New Orleans
Restaurant. Liberal reward. CO. 2211,
PUP—Male. 11 months old, yellow, with
white markings on tip of tall and white
breast; answers to “Duke." Reward offered.
Randolph 1959.
RED PERSIAN CAT—Mt. Pleasant, vicin
ity Newton and Inglestde terrace. Reward.
1824 Ingleslde terrace. Eves.. Col. 3384.
Day. BE. 1672.
RING—Will the party who found ring In
ladies’ lounge at the Ambassador Theater
Sunday afternoon late call EM. 53107
SHOPPING BAO with blue scarf and maga
zines, out Mass, ave.; reward. Miss Cock
erllle, 104 Granville dr.. Silver Bprlng, Md.»
STRING OP PEARL&—Lost Monday morn
ing, In 2700 block of Wisconsin ave. n.w.
Sentimental value. Ordway 1255. Reward.
loth and G sts. n.w. Reward. Warfield
WIRE-HAIRED TERRIER, vie. of 18th and
Upshur sts. n.w.. answers to "Jerry.”
CaU Patsy. RA. 3656.
WRIST WATCH—Lady’s, gold. Elgin; lnl
tlals F. V. W. Reward. Glebe 2981. «
WRIST WATCH. Longlne. lady’s: 700 block
15th st. n.w.. between 2-2:30 a.m.; reward.
Atlantic 3946.18»
WRIST WATCH. Belmar, size of a nickel,
on brown leather strap. Reward. Phone
evenings. Taylor 6480.
SPRINGER SPANIEL—Brown and white:
tug with suing “Frgckleu.” Phong Wood
ier HOE
home. At the came time, mothers,
fathers and sweethearts of soldiers
were receiving vivid accounts of the
hardships and horrors on the Rus
sian front.
Worry and fear aggravated the’
wartime sacrifices, discomforts, com
plaints and repressions and shot
through the once buoyant spirit of
confidence in an early victory with
apprehension for the future.
Nazi persecution of the Catholic
and Protestant faiths had embit
tered the faithful. Many find re-'
ligion their last comfort. By de
priving them of the privilege of
free practice of their faith, the
Nazis alienated millions and drove a
wedge deep into the inner front.
More than two years of conflict
have been one long story of sacrifice
and more sacrifice by the people at
the crack of the Nazi party's whip.
In that time, reserves which every
household stored have dwindled
away. Clothes are tnreadbare, with
no chance of replacement. Store
shelves are empty. Rations are be
coming slimmer and slimmer.
Housewives spend most of their
time day after day standing in long
lines to get food. Recollections at
the hungry days after the first
World War have been awakened.
Germans with “connections” are
perhaps the only exceptions today.
"I have a friend in the party” has
become the formula for squeezing
extra rations out of the storekeeper
and exacting special privileges.
Illegal traffic In clothing and food
rationing cards by petty Nazi offi
cials at prices as high as 100 marks
per card is widespread and coun
tenanced. There is always a vacant
apartment for an SS or a loyal Nazi
although ordinary Germans can’t
find one at any price.
Bureaucracy and overlapping du
ties have grown out of hand to pro
vide party favorites with soft war
time Jobe at a safe distance from
the fronts.
And so It goes—at the expense of
the public morale, for such practices
become known rapidly.
As the economic pinch grew
greater, Nazi propaganda statements
have tried to lull the nation Into
the notion the war was coming to a
rapid end and that all troubles
would be over.
Peace is the straw which the Nazis
are holding out for the nation to
clutch. In the meantime, Ooebbel's
propaganda machine Is feeding tha
Germans a one-sided “victory” diet
—so one-sided, In fact, that most
Germans once really believed the
eastern campaign was won last Oc
tober and the Russian army “de
Frta Parking—Star Parking Plata
Yon Can't Pay
More Than
$9 5 It Yon
Want to ...
• . . ner can roa bar t
finer, more complete opti
cal aerrlce at anr price.
Think of It! Toa net anr
classes roar eres repairs,
anr frames, Incladlnn rim
less. and a scientific exam
ination hr ear r critic red
optometrist . . . and roa
can’t par one peony mere
than $9.75 arwL that In
cladet ererrthlR!
HO CBS—41 A.M. TO 6 ML
Over Metropolitan
T keatre
Fuel Oil tor
I Homes Cat
I bS
I house ^uced by
I jsrs^-s v «s;
I ning MW ■ ^ Thou
I announced tastnlg^ ^
I sands of to™ coal this
II expected furnaces a*
l sks^-ste
I suggest you buy a gra
II your fireplace.
Mode of heory iron I
with dump bottoms '
$7-50 to $15.OO
QisstKr Halted
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Store Hour* B . « . u ». . for Tour
9:30 AM. to 6 P.M. Bet. G and M afreets Fireoloce
whenever you drink...
sparks your taste
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Aperitif Win*.. ..Copr. 1942, Sdwntejr Import Corporation, N.Y.

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