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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 18, 1942, Image 7

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Americans Suffered
From Malnutrition
In Italian Prison
Priest, Finally Released,
Lost Weight Rapidly
Despite Own Purchases
Btth Associated Press.
LISBON. Portugal, May 18 —
Americans homeward bound from j
Pome enjoyed the freedom of this
neutral capital today, some of them
after months of prison or intern- j
ment in Italy. The repatriation j
ship, the Swedish steamer Drott
ningholm. will sail Thursday.
One of the group, the Rev. Hiram
Oruber Woolf of Elmira, N. Y.. rec
tor of St. Paul's Episcopal Church
in Rome, still was thin and nervous
from nearly six months’ uncertainty
as to his fate in the solitude of his
prison cell.
The minister was arrested last
November 18 and was convicted of
espionage. He was pardoned and
owes his freedom to the exchange
of notRbles between Washington and
the Axis capitals.
Mr. Woolf begged off from telling
his story last night until he has
eaten his way back to health, but
part of it was available from friends
who worked hard for his release.
I,ost Weight Rapidly.
The minister, once plumpish, lost
weight rapidly on the prison fare
of one bowl of thin watery soup
and a pound of bread daily.
For a time, when authorities al
lowed him to receive money from
American friends, he was able to
supplement this diet with a few pur
chased foods and to occupy a cell
more comfortable than the one
given common criminals. But at
other times the money was withheld.
He, like the six news correspond
ents who spent the first two days
of the war in the same unheated
prison. Regina Coeli (Queen of
Heaven), suffered mostly from cold.
Mentally, he suffered from having
been told the American Embassy
staff already had left Rome. He
learned it was waiting for him only
when police delivered him to the
Grand Hotel, where the diplomats
lived, or. May 13 at 10 am. five
hour* before the special evacuation
train left for Lisbon.
Technical Application of Laws.
Friends were told that Mr. 'Woolf's
conviction was a somewhat tech
nical application of anti-espionage
laws under which an action which
would have been overlooked in
peacetime became punishable in
wartime.
The only other Americans who
suffered malnutrition were Harold
Denny of Des Moines. Iowa, New
York Times correspondent, and Maj.
Michael Buckley, United States
Army observer, who were captured
In Africa. They found prison fare
much too meager.
Americans in Italy enjoyed greater
freedom and better food, but suf
fered the same boredom as their
colleagues in Germany, stories
swapped by the two parties dis
closed.
While Louise (Teddy) Lynch, for
mer debutante torch singer in a
night club who in private life is
the wife of Paul Getty, Los Angeles
oil man, and the newspaper cor
respondents were interned in Siena,
they were allowed the freedom of
the city, its billiard halls, concerts,
theaters and tennis courts. They
even bicycled in the scenic Tuscan
hiUs.
They maintained a separate club
room in their hotel where they en
joyed bridge, pingpong, backgam
mon and books.
Same Food Rations.
The -correspondents received the
same food rations as the Italians
with meat only at the noon Satur
day meal, but the embassy staff
w-hich remained in Rome enjoyed
quadruple diplomatic rations with
meat twice—on Saturday and Sun
day.
The diplomats lived in three
hotels, each with a plainclothes po
lice guard outside his room or ac
companying him when he went out.
Public restaurants and amusements
were forbidden them, so that they
envied the comparative freedom of
correspondents in Siena.
To relieve the tedium of their
Idle days, the embassy staff prac
ticed archery, played catch, tossed
the medicine ball and tried croquet
in the embassy grounds.
Otherwise they played bridge or
solitaire and listened to the radio
which Italian authorities allowed
them. Thus they kept up with the
news from home.
Heydrich Reported Given
Higher Gestapo Post
Bs the Associtted Press.
LONDON. May 18.—A Stockholm
dispatch, via Moscow, said yesterday
that Reinhard Heydrich. right-hand
man of Gestapo Chief Heinrich
Himmler, had been appointed
Gestapo commissar general in all
German-occupied territory, Reuters
reported last night.
Heydrich was said to have given
up his old post as protector of Bo
hemia and Moravia.
BATH, ENGLAND.—BLITZED—Thil is some of the wreckage left after a two-day blitz by German raiders. —A. P. Wirephoto.
Being Guests of Gestapo Turns
Americans to New 'Work'
Kitchen Utensils Made From Tobacco Tins,
Baseballs Devised From Pajama Shreds
(What it's like to be a “guest
of the Gastapo" in Nazi Germany
Is told in the following dispatch
from a homeward-bound Associ
ated Press reporter who first en
tered a war prison camp to ob
tain an exclusive interview with
Author P G. Wodehouse in De
cember. 1940, and who himself
was interned when Germany de
clared tear on the United States
last December 11.)
By ANGUS THUERMER.
Associated Pr^RR War Correspondent.
LISBON. May 18—Being the
guest of the Gestapo has its funny
moments.
The Gestapo agents at tBad Nau
heim. where 132 interned diplomats
and newspaper correspondents were
held for five months, had to watch
Americans flying kites, hunting
snails, playing baseball with a crude
I club for bat and modeling in soggy
German bread.
The necessities of the occasion
turned American diplomats and
correspondents into tinsmiths, cab
inetmakers, bedroom campers, art
ists and short order cooks.
One embassy secretary, looking
through his trunks, found he had an
alcohol lamp. Setting to work with
empty cracker tins, coffee cans and
cigarette tins, he made himself a
frying pan, a tea pot. a tea strainer
and sauce pan.
Made Tin Loving Cup.
He even turned up one day with a
tin loving cup, made with old shears
and a tack hammer as a trophy for
the Internment camp baseball series.
The baseball series took place on
a German football field with bases
made by an industrious clerk from
old Navy Department diplomatic
pouches.
The games were played with soft
balls made by newspaper corre
spondents from strips of old paja
mas. old socks and adhesive tape
i from the supply of the consular
physician.
Another newspaper correspondent
picked up a piece of a green bough
while on an escorted walk in the
woods and laboriously carved it into
a bat. While the games proceeded,
United States naval officers flew a
kite over the field. They made it
with wrapping paper and held it
steady with a tail of pajama pants
strips.
Fdiblew Found on Walk*.
Many of the group, while on these
supervised walks, kept an eye for
chives and dandelion greens which
were prepared in the hotel rooms
and brought down to the dining
room to supplement wartime
suppers.
Members of the Paris Embassy
staff, hoping to add a light Parisian
touch to the mpnu, found nearly 100
edible snails and proceeded to starve
them for the required two weeks.
Just as they were to be prepared
for ti)e table, the Parisians found
their skimpy butter ration would
not permit such a luxury.
Young lady typists collected the
few orange peels available at din
ner and, boiling them over hot plates
smuggled into the hotel, made can
died orange peel.
Made Stove From Coffee Tin.
The United States Army colonel
attached to the embassy made him
self a stove out of a large coffee
tin and collected sticks for it on
walks through the woods. He then
made himself a frying pan of va
rious tin cans and had bacon for
breakfast in his room with bacon
issued by the embassy commissary.
For those who found the pictures
in their hotel rooms depressing, one
of the leading officers of the em
bassy sketched the view from his
window to hang on the wall. One
consul amused himself by carving
puzzles out of wood and made him
self a workable windmill and a
small-scale reproduction of an
American bungaiow.
An embassy clerk scored the best
laughs of the internment with his
caricature modeling in soggy Ger
man bread.
Mrs. C. H. Stickle Dies;
Justice Jackson's Mother
FREWSBURG. N. Y . May 18.
Mrs. Calvin H. Stickle. 75. twice
widowed mother of Associate Jus
tice Robert H. Jackson of the United
States Supreme Court, died yester
day at the home of her daughter,
Mrs. Ella Springer.
Mrs. Stickle, the former Lina J.
Houghwot, had been ill for the last
few years and confined to bed since
last June.
Her first husband. Justice Jack
sons father, was William E. Jack
son, Frewsburg hotel operator, whom
she married 58 years ago. He dica
in 1915.
She married Calvin H Stickle, a
Salamanca resident, in 1922. Mr.
Stickle, who had a daughter by a
previous marriage, died in 1980.
Surviving besides Justice Jackson
and Mrs. Springer are another
daughter by her first marriage. Mrs
Helen Adams, Frewsburg, her step
daughter, Mrs. Grace Forness. Sala
manca, and four grandchildren.
0. P. A. OffL.al Named
BALTIMORE. May 18
Reuben Oppenheimer, vice presi
dential nominee of the Maryland
Bar Association, has been appointed
chief of the Legal Division of the
Maryland Office of Price Admin
istration.
_ (
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Nova Scotia Premier
Protests Gas Cuts
ET thr Associated Press.
HALIFAX. Nova Scotia. May 18 —
Premier A S. MacMillan of Nova
Scotia protested to the Canadian
government last nght over new
gasoline restrictions along the East
ern seaboard and declared Nova
Scotians refused to accept lowered
gasoline rations unless all the rest
of Canada took a similar cut In
supply.
The basis of gasoline rationing
tickets in the Canadian Maritime
Provinces was reduced Fridav from
five to two gallons because of a
shortage In that area. The rest
of the dominion remained in a flve
gallon basis.
Responsible
Prompt
Service
CALLOUSES
To relieve painful callouies, burn*
lag or tenderness on bottom of feet
and remove callouses—get these
thin, soothing, cushioning pads.
Save this newspaper!
Save your scrap to beat
the Jap. Bundles of old
newspapers are highly Im
portant. Thousands of school
children are eager to gather
them up to do their bit in
overcoming the Axis. They
are in the army of produc
tion. Won't you help them?
If you have waste pa per of
any kind, call the nearest
school.
10 Japanese Planes
Reported Destroyed
In Week-End Raids
Allies and Foe Exchange
Blows Over New Guinea
And Louisiades
By the Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS.
Australia. May 18.—Ten Japa
nese planes were officially re
ported destroyed and three more
damaged over the week end as
the Allied air force exchanged
blows with the rnemy over New
Guinea and the neighboring
Louisiade Archipelago.
No Allied plane losses were men
tioned in communiques from Gen
MacArthur's headquarters detailing
the action.
Nine of the Japanese planes listed
as destroyed were accounted for by
Allied raiders in three swift assaults
Saturday on the airdrome at Lae.
on the northeastern coast of New
Guinea, headquarters said. Bombs
unloaded by the raiders smashed
eight enemy bombers on the ground
and a zero fighter was reported shot
down in flames.
Trying to Whittle Down Jap«.
Tne raids oil Lae were described
unofficially as among the heaviest
ever launched bv the Allies in this
theater and it appeared evident they
were trying to whittle down Jap
anese air strength to insure another
victory should an enemy fleet again
venture into the Coral Sea.
'Speculation on the possibiUty
of a new Coral Sea battle was
stirred by Axis reports of Japa
nese and Allied naval activity in
adjacent waters. The Tokio ra
dio said yesterday that Japanese
planes had spotted strong United
Slates naval forces, consisting of
the 19,900-ton aircraft carriers
Hornet and Enterprise, escorted
by cruisers and destroyers, mov
ing westward about 500 miles
east of the Solomon Islands. The
squadron changed course abrupt
ly after being sighted, Tokio said.
'An earlier report, relayed from
Shanghai and broadcast by the
German-controlled Paris radio.
said a powerful Japanese fleet
was sailing toward Australia.)
Big Seaplane Damaged.
In another raid Saturday on De
boyne Island, Japanese seaplane
base in the Louisiade archipelago oil
the southeastern tip of New Guinea,
the Allies said they had damaged a
big enemy seaplane.
Still another Japanese plane was
shot down yesterday by Allied fight
ers which repulsed a formation of
nine Zeros which attempted to raid
Port Moresby on the southern New
Guinea coast, a communique said.
Anti-aircraft fire was reported to
have damaged two more of the raid
ers.
New York's Young G. 0. P.
Backs Dewey for Governor
By the Associated Press.
HAMILTON. N. Y„ May 18-New
York's Young Republicans Indorsed
Thomas E. Dewey for the party's
nomination for Governor early yes
terday after hearing him call for
full support of President Roosevelt's
i war policy and United States post
war leadership in world affairs.
A resolution of indorsement for
1 the former Manhattan prosecutor
was adopted overwhelmingly by the
Young G. O P State Convention.
Action on the resolution, reported
for a floor vote Saturday noon, was
■ delayed 13 hours. Supporters of
| Mr. Dewey and WendeU L. Willkie,
Republican 1940 presidential nomi
i nee. attributed the delag- to fear
that its adoption might create party
■dissension” at the outset of New
York s gubernatornal campaign.
Crash of U. S. Bomber
Injured Crew of Nine
B> the Associated Pres*.
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. Aus
tralia. May 18.—Allied headquarters
! announced that a medium-sized
United States bomber crashed today
near Melbourne, causing injuries
and bums to the crew of nine, but
that there were no fatalities.
A spokesman said one of the
plane's motors had caught fire in
| the air at an elevation of about
1.000 feet, and the pilot made a
forced landing near an airfield.
One of the landing wheels col
lapsed as the plane struck the
eround and it turned over, bursting
into flames.
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Browder Is Silent
On Charge Release
Promotes Disunity
Communist Leader Stops
Here on Way From
Atlanta to New York
Earl Russell Browder, Communist
leader whose four-year prison term
was cut short Saturday by President
Roosevelt, stopped in Washington
between trains yesterday, but re
fused to comment ot. a Senator’s
assertion that his release would pro
mote disunity.
Browder had served 1* months
of a sentence Imposed for passport
fraud when the Chief Executive
commuted the term to the time
served. The White House said the
move would tend to promote na
tional unity.
Senator Willis, Republican, of In
diana asserted that in freeing Brow
der the President ’’rendered the
greatest contribution to disunity”
since the start of the war. Tpe
act, he said, "will increase concern
in the minds of the people who have
been so greatly disturbed as to the
way in which the administration is
leading the Government.”
Senator Downey, Democrat, of
California, however, said he thought
Browder's release was "a very proper
and sound thing to nave done.” Sen
ator Pepper, Democrat, of Florida
declared the action ’’does not mean
we favor communism,” but is a
partial answer to "a debt of grati
tude that a free world owes Russia ”
Browder was en route from At
lanta, where he had been held In
I the Federal Penitentiary, to New
I York when he made his 20-minute
■ stop in Washington. He was ac- i
: companied by Robert Minor, acting
: secretary of the Communist party :
| in this country, who acted as Brow
der's spokesman.
Minor reiterated Browder's state
ment made earlier In Atlanta that
■ he will "intensify every effort to
weld unbreakable national unity
under the Commander in Chief for
victory in the war.”
Thomas Critic!*** Release.
In New York. Representative
Thomas, Republican, of New Jersey,
a member of the Dies committee, as
serted today in a telegram to Presi
i dent Roosevelt that the freeing of
i
Browder wm proof that "the New
Deal is garroted by Communists.’*
Terming the President's action in
commuting Browder's sentence on
a passport fraud conviction "most
deplorable,” Representative Thomas
said he would recommend that the
next meeting of the Dies committee
"make the New Deal Communist
marriage our first order of business.”
Representative Thomas said that
he appreciated fully the importance
of Soviet Russia in the war, but that
he was determined "not to betray
the gallant heroes of our far-flung
battle fronts by losing the war at
home.”
Cunningham
_^Continued From First Page )
the naval war in that area for the
last two and a half years. The Brit
ish admiralty delegation forms part
of the combined chiefs of staff head
quarters here, co-ordinating the
naval side of its activities with Lon
don, where Admiral Harold R. Stark,
former United States Chief of Natal
Operations, is functioning as com
mander in chief of American naval
forces in Europe.
British officials here had no in
formation as to when Admiral Cun
ningham is expected to assume his
new duties.
Axis Tanks Dispersed
In Libya, British Say
By the Associated Prwa.
CAIRO, May 18.—In a new flurry
of action on the long-stable Libyan
front, the British Near East com
mand reported today that small
groups of Axis tanks and cars were
dispersed in the south yesterday
and that “brisk patrol activity con
tinues on other sectors.”
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