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I Weather Forecast
Mild temperature today and tonight; gentle winds. Temperatures today—Highest, 71, at 12:50 p.m.; lowest. 59. at 5:10 a m. From the United State** Weatner Bureau Report. Full Details on Page A-2. Closing N. Y. Markets—Soles, Fogg 16. NIGHT FINAL SPORTS OP) Mean* Associated Praia. 90th YEAR. No. 35,812. WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, MAY 19, 1942-THIRTY-SIX PAGES. Washington rrTTTjTT'T,-' r’TTVTQ and Buburba Ixl-K-CJ-rj lo pit« cent* JIMMY DOOLITTLE LED U. S. RAID ON JAPAN, WARSHIP, AIRCRAFT PLANTS LEFT BURNING - - ■ — — ■ .. — —. _____A — ' - ■ ■ ■ ■ ■■ — — Gas Rationing Throughout U.S. Likely by July Move Seen Necessary To Conserve Tires; Transport Is Problem (Earlier Story on Page A-l.) Gasoline rationing on a Na tion-wide scale appeared immi nent today in the light of a War Production Board request that the Office of Defense Transpor tation proceed with the mapping of plans for an over-all ration ing program—possibly starting July 1—as a tire conservation measure. Lending strength to the move merit was President Roosevelt's in riication at his press conference that diversion of ertain transportation facilities in other sections of the country to help bring fuel oil and gasoline to the Eastern seaboard might be necessary. The Nation-wide program would be drafted by O. D. T. in consulta tion with Petroleum Co-ordinator Ickes and Price Administrator Hen derson and would be returned to W. p. b. for a final decision as to whether such a drastic measure was necessary to cope with the rubber shortage. Expect* Pooling of Transport. The proposal was discussed in full dress session of the W. P. B. last week, it was learned, and there was no substantial dissent from any member as to the apparent neces •ity for such control. Declaring that the oil shortage should be considered as a national problem, although he emphasized that the situation is made critical only by lack of transport facilities, the President said he believed there should be some pooling of tank cars and trucks. Specifically, Mr. Roosevelt pointed out that some other sections of the country draw supplies only part way bv pipe line and then complete dis tribution by other means. Where this is the case, he explained, a portion of these other means might be diverted to use on the Eastern seaboard. Under questioning, he acknowl edged that this might result in a degree of rationing in sections other than the East, but he declared cate gorically that there would be no thought of imposing restrictions in (See GASOLINE. Page A-5.) Army Intact and Still In Burma, British Say B? the Associated Pres*. NEW DELHI. India. May 19. Gen. Harold Alexander's British! Army, numbering "many times" 5. 000. is "Intact and still occupying positions on Burmese territory," an official British statement said today The statement, issued in denial of reports that Gen. Alexander's army had been withdrawn into India, said that wounded and "certain de- I t-achments” had crossed the border. These detachments, it added, "are actually just across the boundary in India.” The 5.000 figure was used because that had been mentioned as the number of "survivors of the Burma campaign" withdrawn to India, the statement said. Major League Games AMERICAN LEAGUE. At Detroit— Botton - 000 000 110— 2 6 0 Detroit_ 300 020 OOx— 5 7 0 Batteries—Terrs. Butland. R»h» and 1 reaeoek; Newhouser and Tebbetts. At Cleveland— Philadelphia 000 000 0 — Cleveland 100 010 — Batteries—Fowler and Warner; Embree and Heran. (Only Games Scheduled) NATIONAL LEAGUE. ' At Brooklyn— Chicago_ 000 000 010- 1 6 0 Brooklyn ... 300 000 12x— 6 9 2 Bittwiei—Lm and MeCullourh; Davis and Owen. At New York— St. Louis ... 003 002 21 — New York . 000 100 30 — Batteries—Pellet. Pearler and ODea; Schumacher. Kosle and Berres. At Boston— Cincinnati . 000 000 001— 1 8 1 Boston 000 000 101— 2 7 0 Batteriee—Vander Meet. Riddle and Hemsley. Lamanno; Jarery. Sain and Lom bardi. At Philadelphia— Pittsburgh . 0 — Philadelphia — Batteries—Butcher and Loner; PodraJny and Warren. Today's Home Runs American League. Radcliff. Detroit, 1st inning. Hockett, Cleveland, 1st inning. National League. Cavaretta, Chicago. 8th inning. Medwick, Brooklyn. 8th inning. Maynard. New York. 7th inning. Ott. New York, 7th innings. O Dea, St. Louis, 8th inning. 1 HE BOMBED TOKIO—After pinning the Congressional Medal of Honor on him, President Roosevelt today firmly shook the hand of Brig. Gen. James H. Doolittle and congratulated him on leading the successful bombing raid on Japan. At right, is Gen. George C. Marshall, Chief of Staff. Behind the President are Lt. Gen. H. H. Arnold, Air Forces commander, and Mrs. Doolittle. —A. P. Photo. ' ' ' Late News Bulletins Roosevelt Hints More U. 5. Troops Are to Be Sent to Europe President Roosevelt implied at his press conference today that additional American troops might be sent to Europe, increasing the forces which were augmented over the week end by the largest American troop movement of the war. Asked to comment on the new expeditionary force which landed in North Ireland, Mr. Roosevelt remarked that the operation was carried out successfully and that he hoped there would be more in the future. "Does that mean more troops?" he was asked. Well, he replied, there is a sort of implication in the words. (Earlier Story on Page A-l.) Eagle Flyers Bag Three Nazi Planes LONDON <£?.—Flight Sergt. C. W Harp of Columbus. Ga.. a member of the American Eagle Squadron, shot down two German FockewulfT 109 fighters today in a sharp, short battle over Northern France, the Air Ministry announced. Eagle Pilot Officer Moran Morris of Durant, Okla.. bagged one Mes serschmitt 109. Two U. 5. Ships Torpedoed in Gulf ''Two medium-sized United States merchant ships have been torpedoed in the Gulf of Mexico, the Navy said today. Survivors have been landed at Gulf Coast ports. Brazil's Raftsman Hero Drowns As Orson Welles Direct* Film By the Associated Press. RIO DE JANEIRO, May 19 — Manoel Olimpio Meira, Brazil's most famous "jangadeiro” iraftsman). who became a national hero last year by sailing 2.000 miles in an ocean-going raft to plead for higher wages for costal raftsmen, drowned today when the same "aft over turned as it was being beached for the filming of an Oison Welles picture. Meira, who was called “Jacare,” ■, meaning alligator, sailed from For taleza, on the northern coast of Brazil, down around the hump of land to Rio de Janeiro to plead with President Vargas to improve living conditions among his people i through better wages. The trip took two months. Leo Raisler. a Brazilian who | formerly worked in Hollywood, and is now* helping Mr Welles, said Meira and his three companions i were being towed on their raft to Gavea Beach when they missed a I signal from Raisler and Welles on ! shore and proceeded to a dangerous beach nearby. ! "Tremendous waves overturned | the raft, broke the tow line and dumped all into the sea.” Three others clambered aboard the upturned raft and were saved, but Meira disappeared. The three said the water was full i of shark and octopi. Angry M. P/s Call On Churchill To Face Commons War Debate (Earlier Story on Page A-2.) Special Dispatch to The Star. LONDON. May 19— Insurgent members of the House of Commons demanded today that Prime Min ister Churchill, personally appear in the House to answer charge* of slackness in the we* effort,. The in*wr*gnt» pnashed the even tenor of a war debate with angr. criticism of the evening statement by Clement &. Attlee, Dominions secretary, who told tfce House that the possibility of opening a western front against CBsmany “is in our ; minds,” but that “every move on the board is conditioned by trans port problems.” Clement Davies, opposition Lib- I i eral: Sir John Wardlaw-Milne. Con servative (Mr. Churchill’s partyi; John McGovern, independent La borite, and even mild-mannered . Oliver Stanley, Conservative and | | former secretary of state for war, .joined in the clamor against the war policy of Mr. Churchill’s gov 1 ernment. Mr. Davies said, "I have no con fidence either in him (Churchill* or his government” and accused the Prime Minister of running a one man show. Mr. McGovern, calling Mr. Churchill "the Great White Chief, ’ said Mr. Attlee was afraid to "ex press a thought of initiative” be cause of Mr. Churchill’s dominance. House Unit Votes Hike In Normal Tax Rate From 4 to 6 Pet. $2,750,000,000 Is Set As Goal for New Levees On Individuals Es thi- Associated Press. The House Ways and Means 1 Committee decided today to raise ; the normal individual income tax rate from 4 to 6 per cent. Chairman Doughton announced ! that while the committee had ! reached this decision on the normal tax rate, votes woukl not be taken until tomorrow on new surtax schedules. At its meeting today the commit tee agreed to fix $2,750,000,000 as the overall tax goal to be reached by new taxes on individuals. Mr. Doughton said that this sum i and revenue to be obtained by a provision for mandatory joint re turns by husband and wives would rai.se the individual income tax to more than $3,000,000,000. The Treasury has proposed that the individual income tax yield be increased bv $3,500,000,000. The committee last week decided tentatively to lower the present in dividual exemption from $750 to $500 and the credit for married persons from $1,500 to $1,200. but voted to make no change in the $400 de pendent credit. Several days before those votes ' experts had suggested raising the normal tax of 4 per cent to 6 pier cent and starting surtaxes at 11 per cent on the first $2,000 of net in come. The Treasury has proposed retention of the 4 per cent normal tax, but wants to start surtaxes at 12 per cent on the first $500 of net income. Markets at a Glance NEW YORK, May 19 uR).—Stocks easy : industrials- irregularly low er. Bonds uneven: some rails re sist downtrend. Cotton higher; local covering. CHICAGO. — Wheat higher; I limited offerings, short covering. Com higher in sympathy with wheat. Hogs weak, j to 10 off, top, *14.05: heavy shipments. Cattle steady to 15 higher. GUIDE FOR READERS Page. Amusements. B-1S Comics. B-14-15 Editorials.. A-8 Editorial Articles_A-8 Finance A-18 Legal Notices. B-13 1 Page, j Lost and Pound.A-3 Obituary ...A-IO Radio-B-14 Society_B-3 Sports - ..A-13-15 Where to Go, A-ll Woman's Page. B-16 J Jimmy Doolittle, Speed Flyer, Has Record of Close Scrapes Exploits of Pioneer in Aviation Safety Read Like an Adventure Story Gen. Doolittle is rated as an airplane pilot.” In such modest terms the War Department today closed a brief biography of Brig. Gen. James H < Jimmy > Doolittle, the man who led the spectacular bombing raid on Japan—a man whose ex ploits in the air read like an adventure story. It is the story of an Alameda* 'Calif, i boy—now 45—who has flown in two wars, held speed records that topped anything in the world at the time, and has pulled himself out of more dangerous flying scrapes than almost any other American airman. On top of that, he has been one of the pioneers in developing safety in aircraft and has worked steadily with the Army Air Corps in turning out planes to give the United States mastery in the war in the air. After his enlistment in the Army in 1917, Gen. Doolittle—then Pvt. Doolittle, flying cadet—became a second lieutenant and instructed war flyers in aerial gunnery at Wright Field. Ohio He served on the Mexican Border Patrol until 1920. Piled I'p Speed Marks. These home assignments were humdrum stuff for what was to come. In 1922 he made the first East-West transcontinental flight to be accomplished in less than 24 hours when he sped his Army plane from Pablo Beach. Fla, to San Diego. Calif., in 22 hours and 30 minutes. For that job he was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross. That was his first major speed flight. Flying for the Naval Test Board in 1925 testing seaplanes, he won the Schneider Trophy Race and later received the Mackay award. In 1931 Gen. Doolittle raced his own plane from Burbank. Calif., to Cleveland for a new transconti nental speed record, singing off the 2.454 miles at an average speed of 225 miles an hour. That same year he jumped from Ottawa. Canada, to Washington to Mexico City in 12 hours and 36 min utes. Many Narrow Escapes. In 1932. at the Cleveland Air Races, he set a new speed mark lor land planes of 252.68 miles an hour to win the Thompson Trophy race. Speed, however, was only part of the Doolittle make-up. To another chaptei belongs the incident In Chile in which he broke both ankles in an air crash, but proceeded to climb into another plane, with the aid of crutches, and go ahead with a demonstration. He was in Walter Reed Hospital here for a year after that. In Cleveland in 1928 the wings of his powerful plane fluttered off dur ing a speed trial and he parachuted to safety. In 1931 at East St. Louis. 111., an aileron whipped off while he was pressing his plane at 235 miles an hour. A bare 100 feet off ground, he zoomed upward to avoid spectators and bailed out at 300 feet. That was the year he was eonsid -! ering giving up flying because his wife thought he was getting too old. Early Blind Flyer. Ger.. Doolittle is a doctor of science in aircraft engineering and won an oakleaf cluster for the aircraft ac celeration tests he made at Mc 1 Cook Field. Ohio. One of his major contributioas to aviation science was his work for the Daniel F Guggenheim Founda tion in 1928 when he made one of the first successful "blind'’ flights Guided only by instruments—crude in those days—he took off from a Long Island airport, flew about and landed. For experimental flights in 1930 he was awarded the Harmon Trophy , and in that year he resigned his commission in the Regular Army i See DOOLITTLE. Page A-5.) Second Hearing Is Set On Meaney Nomination (Earlier Story on Page B-2.) By the Associated Presa. A second public hearing on the nomination of Thomas F. Meaney to the New Jersey Federal District Court was set today for 10:35 a.m. May 26 by Senator Smathers. Democrat, of New Jersey, chairman ! of the Senate Judiciary Subcom mittee considering the nomination. Tokio Raiders Barred From Cash Awards By the Associated Press. The awards of cash or Defense bonds which have been proposed in various communities for the person who first bombed Tokio may have to be devoted to some other pur pose unless the Army changes a rule that has stood for more than 30 years. Asked today If Brig. Gen. James i H. Doolittle, who led the squadron [ of bombers which raided the Jap anese mainland on April 18, and the 79 other flyers who partici pated might collect the prize funds, Army officials said War Department policy prevented such awards. Since 1909, they said, regulations have forbidden officers and enlisted men to accept money or other gifts for actions performed in the line of duty. These regulations probably would apply to the raid on Japan, officials said, despite the fact Gen. Doolittle and his men were deco rated for actions “above and be yond the call of duty.” I 79 Others in Surprise Attack Last Month; Base Is Still Secret Congressional Medal Given Famed Flyer at White House; Others Also Decorated By JOHN C. HENRY. Brig. Gen. James H. (Jimmy) Doolittle, internationally famous speed flyer, led the spectacular air raid on Japan April 18, it was disclosed todav when the 45-year-old veteran of the American airways received in person the Congres sional Medal of Honor from President Roosevelt in a surprise ceremony at the White House. At the same time, it was brought to light that the Army bomb ing squadron commanded by Gen. Doolittle had scored a direct hit on a cruiser or battleship under construction in Tokio, leaving it in flames, and also fired a quarter of a mile of aircraft manufactur ing works near Nogoya. Left unanswered, however, was the intriguing question of where the squadron was based for the epochal adventure. Exceeded All Expectations. The raid, carried out by volunteer Army crews, just a month , ago yesterday, “exceeded our most optimistic expectation. ' Gen. Doolittle said, in a statement released by the War Department. Other participants in the attack—79 other officers and men— were awarded the Distinguished Service Cross. The citation read before President Roosevelt's presentation by Gen. George C. Marshall, Army Chief of Staff, stated that the deco ration was being awarded “for conspicuous leadership above and beyond the call of duty, involving personal valor and intrepidity ! at an extreme hazard to life “With the apparent certainty of being forced to land in enemy j territory or to perish at sea, Gen. Doolittle personally led a squad | ron of Army bombers, manned by volunteer crews in a highly de structive raid on the Japanese mainland.’’ Remarking that success of the raid had exceeded expectations, Gen. Doolittle in his statement continued: “Each plane was assigned specific targets and the bombardiers :-carried out their expert duties with remarkable precision. Since the raid was made in fair weather, in the middle of the day and from a very low altitude, no trouble whatever was experienced in finding the target designated. Japanese Caught Without Warning. “Apparently there was no advance warning of the raid as we experienced little hostile action. Not more than 30 Japanese pur suit planes were observed during the flight and these were com pletely Ineffective. Several we know were shot down, possibly more. Incidentally, the pilots of these planes seemed somewhat inexpe rienced, evidently not up to the standards of those encountered in active theaters. "We approached our objectives just over the housetops but bombed at 1,500 feet. The target for one plane was a portion of the navy yard south of Tokio. In reaching which they had passed over what apparently was a flying school, as there were a number of planes in the air. One salvo made a direct hit on a new cruiser or battleship under construction. They left it in flames. -4 Berlin Claims Victory Along Kerch Strait P? <h* Associated PreM. NEW YORK. May 19—A special German communique heard by C B. S. said today that German and Rumanian troops had "reached the Kerch Strait in all its extent" and that three Soviet armies had been destroyed in the attack and pursuit "The last bridgeheads on both sides of the city of Kerch, which were strongly fortified, were stormed in the course of today after over coming bitter resistance,” the high command said in its special bulletin "The battle of attack and pursuit, which has thus been concluded, led to the destruction of three So viet armies with 17 infantry divi sions. three infantry brigades, two cavalry divisions and four armored brigades.” "After, high bloody losses, the enemy left in our hands 149.256 pris- 1 oners. 1,133 guns. 273 mortars. 258 armored vehicles, 3.814 motor ve hicles. several thousand horses, as well as innumerable quantities of light arms and material. "Only remnants of the enemy forces were able to gain the coast across the straits,” the communique declared. Late Races Earlier Results. Racing Selec tions and Entries (or Tomorrow, ' Page 2-X. Charles Town SIXTOI RACE—Purse *700; claimint: 3- year-olds: Charles Town course. Randles Queen (Cowley) 8 80 3.80 3 in Arquero (Bletzacker) 5 00 3 80 Maesak (Garrett) 7.40 Time. 1:17 4-5 Also ran—Pimlico Lady. Storminess Chillee Vallee. Scotch Saae and Royal Echo. Belmont Park SEVENTH RACE—Purse. *1.500: claim ing: 3-year-olds; 1 mile. Billy O. (Thompson* **00 .3 40 c 70 Anticlimax (Arcaro> 3 *0 3.10 Ben Gray (Garaa* 3.70 Time. 1 38 Also ran—K. Dorko. Flag Trumpeter. . Port a We and Azimuth. Suffolk Downs FIFTH RACE—Purse *1.000: claimint: 4- year-olds and upward: 1miles Catomar (Brennan) 5.30 2.80 2.20 Country Lass (Bates) 3.40 2.40 Eyeopener iAtkinson) 2.80 Time. 1:51V Also ran—Inactive. Insant. Red Amazon. Pat)«r Plzte. Lincoln Fields FOURTH RACE—Furze. *800: maiden 2-year-olds: 5 furlonts. Little Town (Llt berter) 8.80 3.on 2.80 Water Tower (Bodloui 2 80 2.40 Rex-Avli (Josea) 7.00 Tima. 100's Alan ran—Final Glory. Saboteur. Chain •' Lakes, Fair Let. Nod. ► "After releasing our bomb*, we dived again to the tree tops and went to the coast at that altitude to avoid anti-aircraft fire. Alone the coastline we observed several squadrons of destroyers and some j cruisers and battleships. About 25 to 30 miles to sea the rear gunners reported seetng columns of smoke rising thousands of feet in the air. Aircraft Plant Set Afire. "One of our bombadiers strewed incendiary bombs along a quarter of mile of aircraft factory near Nogoya. Another illuminated a tank farm. However, flving at such low altitudes made it very difficult to observe the result, following the impact of the bombs. We could see the strike, but our field of vision was greatly re stricted by the speed of the plane and the low altitude at which we were flying. "Even so. one of our party ob served a ball game in progress. The players and spectators did not start their run for cover until just as the field passed otot of sight. "Pilots, bombardiers and all mem bers of the crew performed their duties with great calmness and re markable precision. It appeared to us that practically every bomb reached the target for which it was intended. “We would like to have tarried and watched the later developments of fire and explosion but even so we were fortunate to receive a fairly detailed report from the excited ~~ i See TOKIO RAID, Page_A-5.) Maritime Unions Pledge No Strikes for Duration Details of labor stabilization agreement* between the War Ship ping Administration and the seven maritime operating unions were re ported to President Roosevelt today by War Shipping Administrator Emory S. Land. The unions and the administra tion signed a blanket agreement for maintenance of collective bargain ing principles in operation of the Government-owned merchant fleet last week, with the labor organiza tions agreeing there would oe no crew strikes for duration of the war. Admiral Land, who was accom panied to the White House by Mari time Commissioner Edward Macau ley. also discussed with the Presi dent the program for training new seamen and for recruiting men and officers from veterans who have re cently been ashore The administrator told reporters that reasonably well-trained crews are available for cargo shipping needs, but that some short cut* have been mandatory in training men to take on active sailing duties.