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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 19, 1942, Image 1

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I Weather Forecast
Mild temperature today and tonight; gentle
winds. Temperatures today—Highest, 71, at
12:50 p.m.; lowest. 59. at 5:10 a m.
From the United State** Weatner Bureau Report.
Full Details on Page A-2.
Closing N. Y. Markets—Soles, Fogg 16.
NIGHT FINAL
SPORTS
OP) Mean* Associated Praia.
90th YEAR. No. 35,812.
WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, MAY 19, 1942-THIRTY-SIX PAGES.
Washington rrTTTjTT'T,-' r’TTVTQ
and Buburba Ixl-K-CJ-rj lo pit« cent*
JIMMY DOOLITTLE LED U. S. RAID ON JAPAN,
WARSHIP, AIRCRAFT PLANTS LEFT BURNING
- - ■ — — ■ .. — —. _____A — ' - ■ ■ ■ ■ ■■ — —
Gas Rationing
Throughout U.S.
Likely by July
Move Seen Necessary
To Conserve Tires;
Transport Is Problem
(Earlier Story on Page A-l.)
Gasoline rationing on a Na
tion-wide scale appeared immi
nent today in the light of a War
Production Board request that
the Office of Defense Transpor
tation proceed with the mapping
of plans for an over-all ration
ing program—possibly starting
July 1—as a tire conservation
measure.
Lending strength to the move
merit was President Roosevelt's in
riication at his press conference that
diversion of ertain transportation
facilities in other sections of the
country to help bring fuel oil and
gasoline to the Eastern seaboard
might be necessary.
The Nation-wide program would
be drafted by O. D. T. in consulta
tion with Petroleum Co-ordinator
Ickes and Price Administrator Hen
derson and would be returned to
W. p. b. for a final decision as to
whether such a drastic measure was
necessary to cope with the rubber
shortage.
Expect* Pooling of Transport.
The proposal was discussed in full
dress session of the W. P. B. last
week, it was learned, and there was
no substantial dissent from any
member as to the apparent neces
•ity for such control.
Declaring that the oil shortage
should be considered as a national
problem, although he emphasized
that the situation is made critical
only by lack of transport facilities,
the President said he believed there
should be some pooling of tank
cars and trucks.
Specifically, Mr. Roosevelt pointed
out that some other sections of the
country draw supplies only part way
bv pipe line and then complete dis
tribution by other means. Where
this is the case, he explained, a
portion of these other means might
be diverted to use on the Eastern
seaboard.
Under questioning, he acknowl
edged that this might result in a
degree of rationing in sections other
than the East, but he declared cate
gorically that there would be no
thought of imposing restrictions in
(See GASOLINE. Page A-5.)
Army Intact and Still
In Burma, British Say
B? the Associated Pres*.
NEW DELHI. India. May 19.
Gen. Harold Alexander's British!
Army, numbering "many times" 5.
000. is "Intact and still occupying
positions on Burmese territory," an
official British statement said today
The statement, issued in denial of
reports that Gen. Alexander's army
had been withdrawn into India,
said that wounded and "certain de- I
t-achments” had crossed the border.
These detachments, it added, "are
actually just across the boundary in
India.”
The 5.000 figure was used because
that had been mentioned as the
number of "survivors of the Burma
campaign" withdrawn to India, the
statement said.
Major League Games
AMERICAN LEAGUE.
At Detroit—
Botton - 000 000 110— 2 6 0
Detroit_ 300 020 OOx— 5 7 0
Batteries—Terrs. Butland. R»h» and 1
reaeoek; Newhouser and Tebbetts.
At Cleveland—
Philadelphia 000 000 0 —
Cleveland 100 010 —
Batteries—Fowler and Warner; Embree
and Heran.
(Only Games Scheduled)
NATIONAL LEAGUE. '
At Brooklyn—
Chicago_ 000 000 010- 1 6 0
Brooklyn ... 300 000 12x— 6 9 2
Bittwiei—Lm and MeCullourh; Davis
and Owen.
At New York—
St. Louis ... 003 002 21 —
New York . 000 100 30 —
Batteries—Pellet. Pearler and ODea;
Schumacher. Kosle and Berres.
At Boston—
Cincinnati . 000 000 001— 1 8 1
Boston 000 000 101— 2 7 0
Batteriee—Vander Meet. Riddle and
Hemsley. Lamanno; Jarery. Sain and Lom
bardi.
At Philadelphia—
Pittsburgh . 0 —
Philadelphia —
Batteries—Butcher and Loner; PodraJny
and Warren.
Today's Home Runs
American League.
Radcliff. Detroit, 1st inning.
Hockett, Cleveland, 1st inning.
National League.
Cavaretta, Chicago. 8th inning.
Medwick, Brooklyn. 8th inning.
Maynard. New York. 7th inning.
Ott. New York, 7th innings.
O Dea, St. Louis, 8th inning. 1
HE BOMBED TOKIO—After pinning the Congressional Medal of Honor on him,
President Roosevelt today firmly shook the hand of Brig. Gen. James H. Doolittle
and congratulated him on leading the successful bombing raid on Japan. At
right, is Gen. George C. Marshall, Chief of Staff. Behind the President are Lt. Gen.
H. H. Arnold, Air Forces commander, and Mrs. Doolittle.
—A. P. Photo.
' ' '
Late News Bulletins
Roosevelt Hints More U. 5. Troops
Are to Be Sent to Europe
President Roosevelt implied at his press conference today
that additional American troops might be sent to Europe,
increasing the forces which were augmented over the week
end by the largest American troop movement of the war.
Asked to comment on the new expeditionary force which
landed in North Ireland, Mr. Roosevelt remarked that the
operation was carried out successfully and that he hoped
there would be more in the future. "Does that mean more
troops?" he was asked. Well, he replied, there is a sort of
implication in the words.
(Earlier Story on Page A-l.)
Eagle Flyers Bag Three Nazi Planes
LONDON <£?.—Flight Sergt. C. W Harp of Columbus. Ga..
a member of the American Eagle Squadron, shot down two
German FockewulfT 109 fighters today in a sharp, short battle
over Northern France, the Air Ministry announced. Eagle
Pilot Officer Moran Morris of Durant, Okla.. bagged one Mes
serschmitt 109.
Two U. 5. Ships Torpedoed in Gulf
''Two medium-sized United States merchant ships have
been torpedoed in the Gulf of Mexico, the Navy said today.
Survivors have been landed at Gulf Coast ports.
Brazil's Raftsman Hero Drowns
As Orson Welles Direct* Film
By the Associated Press.
RIO DE JANEIRO, May 19 —
Manoel Olimpio Meira, Brazil's most
famous "jangadeiro” iraftsman).
who became a national hero last
year by sailing 2.000 miles in an
ocean-going raft to plead for higher
wages for costal raftsmen, drowned
today when the same "aft over
turned as it was being beached for
the filming of an Oison Welles
picture.
Meira, who was called “Jacare,” ■,
meaning alligator, sailed from For
taleza, on the northern coast of
Brazil, down around the hump of
land to Rio de Janeiro to plead
with President Vargas to improve
living conditions among his people i
through better wages. The trip took
two months.
Leo Raisler. a Brazilian who |
formerly worked in Hollywood, and
is now* helping Mr Welles, said
Meira and his three companions
i were being towed on their raft to
Gavea Beach when they missed a
I signal from Raisler and Welles on
! shore and proceeded to a dangerous
beach nearby.
! "Tremendous waves overturned
| the raft, broke the tow line and
dumped all into the sea.”
Three others clambered aboard
the upturned raft and were saved,
but Meira disappeared.
The three said the water was full
i of shark and octopi.
Angry M. P/s Call On Churchill
To Face Commons War Debate
(Earlier Story on Page A-2.)
Special Dispatch to The Star.
LONDON. May 19— Insurgent
members of the House of Commons
demanded today that Prime Min
ister Churchill, personally appear in
the House to answer charge* of
slackness in the we* effort,.
The in*wr*gnt» pnashed the even
tenor of a war debate with angr.
criticism of the evening statement
by Clement &. Attlee, Dominions
secretary, who told tfce House that
the possibility of opening a western
front against CBsmany “is in our ;
minds,” but that “every move on
the board is conditioned by trans
port problems.”
Clement Davies, opposition Lib- I
i eral: Sir John Wardlaw-Milne. Con
servative (Mr. Churchill’s partyi;
John McGovern, independent La
borite, and even mild-mannered .
Oliver Stanley, Conservative and |
| former secretary of state for war,
.joined in the clamor against the
war policy of Mr. Churchill’s gov
1 ernment.
Mr. Davies said, "I have no con
fidence either in him (Churchill*
or his government” and accused the
Prime Minister of running a one
man show.
Mr. McGovern, calling Mr.
Churchill "the Great White Chief, ’
said Mr. Attlee was afraid to "ex
press a thought of initiative” be
cause of Mr. Churchill’s dominance.
House Unit Votes Hike
In Normal Tax Rate
From 4 to 6 Pet.
$2,750,000,000 Is Set
As Goal for New Levees
On Individuals
Es thi- Associated Press.
The House Ways and Means
1 Committee decided today to raise
; the normal individual income tax
rate from 4 to 6 per cent.
Chairman Doughton announced
! that while the committee had
! reached this decision on the normal
tax rate, votes woukl not be taken
until tomorrow on new surtax
schedules.
At its meeting today the commit
tee agreed to fix $2,750,000,000 as the
overall tax goal to be reached by
new taxes on individuals.
Mr. Doughton said that this sum i
and revenue to be obtained by a
provision for mandatory joint re
turns by husband and wives would
rai.se the individual income tax to
more than $3,000,000,000.
The Treasury has proposed that
the individual income tax yield be
increased bv $3,500,000,000.
The committee last week decided
tentatively to lower the present in
dividual exemption from $750 to $500
and the credit for married persons
from $1,500 to $1,200. but voted to
make no change in the $400 de
pendent credit.
Several days before those votes '
experts had suggested raising the
normal tax of 4 per cent to 6 pier
cent and starting surtaxes at 11 per
cent on the first $2,000 of net in
come. The Treasury has proposed
retention of the 4 per cent normal
tax, but wants to start surtaxes at
12 per cent on the first $500 of net
income.
Markets at a Glance
NEW YORK, May 19 uR).—Stocks
easy : industrials- irregularly low
er. Bonds uneven: some rails re
sist downtrend. Cotton higher;
local covering.
CHICAGO. — Wheat higher; I
limited offerings, short covering.
Com higher in sympathy with
wheat. Hogs weak, j to 10 off,
top, *14.05: heavy shipments.
Cattle steady to 15 higher.
GUIDE FOR READERS
Page.
Amusements.
B-1S
Comics.
B-14-15
Editorials.. A-8
Editorial
Articles_A-8
Finance A-18
Legal Notices.
B-13 1
Page, j
Lost and
Pound.A-3
Obituary ...A-IO
Radio-B-14
Society_B-3
Sports - ..A-13-15
Where to Go,
A-ll
Woman's Page.
B-16 J
Jimmy Doolittle, Speed Flyer,
Has Record of Close Scrapes
Exploits of Pioneer in Aviation Safety
Read Like an Adventure Story
Gen. Doolittle is rated as an airplane pilot.”
In such modest terms the War Department today closed a brief
biography of Brig. Gen. James H < Jimmy > Doolittle, the man who
led the spectacular bombing raid on Japan—a man whose ex
ploits in the air read like an adventure story.
It is the story of an Alameda*
'Calif, i boy—now 45—who has flown
in two wars, held speed records that
topped anything in the world at the
time, and has pulled himself out of
more dangerous flying scrapes than
almost any other American airman.
On top of that, he has been one
of the pioneers in developing safety
in aircraft and has worked steadily
with the Army Air Corps in turning
out planes to give the United States
mastery in the war in the air.
After his enlistment in the Army
in 1917, Gen. Doolittle—then Pvt.
Doolittle, flying cadet—became a
second lieutenant and instructed
war flyers in aerial gunnery at
Wright Field. Ohio He served on
the Mexican Border Patrol until
1920.
Piled I'p Speed Marks.
These home assignments were
humdrum stuff for what was to
come. In 1922 he made the first
East-West transcontinental flight to
be accomplished in less than 24
hours when he sped his Army plane
from Pablo Beach. Fla, to San
Diego. Calif., in 22 hours and 30
minutes. For that job he was
awarded the Distinguished Flying
Cross.
That was his first major speed
flight. Flying for the Naval Test
Board in 1925 testing seaplanes, he
won the Schneider Trophy Race and
later received the Mackay award.
In 1931 Gen. Doolittle raced his
own plane from Burbank. Calif., to
Cleveland for a new transconti
nental speed record, singing off the
2.454 miles at an average speed of
225 miles an hour.
That same year he jumped from
Ottawa. Canada, to Washington to
Mexico City in 12 hours and 36 min
utes.
Many Narrow Escapes.
In 1932. at the Cleveland Air
Races, he set a new speed mark lor
land planes of 252.68 miles an hour
to win the Thompson Trophy race.
Speed, however, was only part of
the Doolittle make-up. To another
chaptei belongs the incident In
Chile in which he broke both ankles
in an air crash, but proceeded to
climb into another plane, with the
aid of crutches, and go ahead with
a demonstration. He was in Walter
Reed Hospital here for a year after
that.
In Cleveland in 1928 the wings of
his powerful plane fluttered off dur
ing a speed trial and he parachuted
to safety.
In 1931 at East St. Louis. 111., an
aileron whipped off while he was
pressing his plane at 235 miles an
hour. A bare 100 feet off ground, he
zoomed upward to avoid spectators
and bailed out at 300 feet.
That was the year he was eonsid
-!
ering giving up flying because his
wife thought he was getting too old.
Early Blind Flyer.
Ger.. Doolittle is a doctor of science
in aircraft engineering and won an
oakleaf cluster for the aircraft ac
celeration tests he made at Mc
1 Cook Field. Ohio.
One of his major contributioas to
aviation science was his work for
the Daniel F Guggenheim Founda
tion in 1928 when he made one of
the first successful "blind'’ flights
Guided only by instruments—crude
in those days—he took off from a
Long Island airport, flew about and
landed.
For experimental flights in 1930
he was awarded the Harmon Trophy ,
and in that year he resigned his
commission in the Regular Army
i See DOOLITTLE. Page A-5.)
Second Hearing Is Set
On Meaney Nomination
(Earlier Story on Page B-2.)
By the Associated Presa.
A second public hearing on the
nomination of Thomas F. Meaney
to the New Jersey Federal District
Court was set today for 10:35 a.m.
May 26 by Senator Smathers.
Democrat, of New Jersey, chairman !
of the Senate Judiciary Subcom
mittee considering the nomination.
Tokio Raiders
Barred From
Cash Awards
By the Associated Press.
The awards of cash or Defense
bonds which have been proposed in
various communities for the person
who first bombed Tokio may have
to be devoted to some other pur
pose unless the Army changes a
rule that has stood for more than
30 years.
Asked today If Brig. Gen. James i
H. Doolittle, who led the squadron [
of bombers which raided the Jap
anese mainland on April 18, and
the 79 other flyers who partici
pated might collect the prize funds,
Army officials said War Department
policy prevented such awards.
Since 1909, they said, regulations
have forbidden officers and enlisted
men to accept money or other gifts
for actions performed in the line of
duty. These regulations probably
would apply to the raid on Japan,
officials said, despite the fact Gen.
Doolittle and his men were deco
rated for actions “above and be
yond the call of duty.”
I
79 Others in Surprise
Attack Last Month;
Base Is Still Secret
Congressional Medal Given
Famed Flyer at White House;
Others Also Decorated
By JOHN C. HENRY.
Brig. Gen. James H. (Jimmy) Doolittle, internationally
famous speed flyer, led the spectacular air raid on Japan
April 18, it was disclosed todav when the 45-year-old veteran
of the American airways received in person the Congres
sional Medal of Honor from President Roosevelt in a surprise
ceremony at the White House.
At the same time, it was brought to light that the Army bomb
ing squadron commanded by Gen. Doolittle had scored a direct hit
on a cruiser or battleship under construction in Tokio, leaving it
in flames, and also fired a quarter of a mile of aircraft manufactur
ing works near Nogoya.
Left unanswered, however, was the intriguing question of
where the squadron was based for the epochal adventure.
Exceeded All Expectations.
The raid, carried out by volunteer Army crews, just a month
, ago yesterday, “exceeded our most optimistic expectation. ' Gen.
Doolittle said, in a statement released by the War Department.
Other participants in the attack—79 other officers and men—
were awarded the Distinguished Service Cross.
The citation read before President Roosevelt's presentation by
Gen. George C. Marshall, Army Chief of Staff, stated that the deco
ration was being awarded “for conspicuous leadership above and
beyond the call of duty, involving personal valor and intrepidity
! at an extreme hazard to life
“With the apparent certainty of being forced to land in enemy
j territory or to perish at sea, Gen. Doolittle personally led a squad
| ron of Army bombers, manned by volunteer crews in a highly de
structive raid on the Japanese mainland.’’
Remarking that success of the raid had exceeded expectations,
Gen. Doolittle in his statement continued:
“Each plane was assigned specific targets and the bombardiers
:-carried out their expert duties with remarkable precision. Since
the raid was made in fair weather, in the middle of the day and
from a very low altitude, no trouble whatever was experienced in
finding the target designated.
Japanese Caught Without Warning.
“Apparently there was no advance warning of the raid as we
experienced little hostile action. Not more than 30 Japanese pur
suit planes were observed during the flight and these were com
pletely Ineffective. Several we know were shot down, possibly more.
Incidentally, the pilots of these planes seemed somewhat inexpe
rienced, evidently not up to the standards of those encountered in
active theaters.
"We approached our objectives just over the housetops but
bombed at 1,500 feet. The target for one plane was a portion of the
navy yard south of Tokio. In reaching which they had passed over
what apparently was a flying school, as there were a number of
planes in the air. One salvo made a direct hit on a new cruiser
or battleship under construction. They left it in flames.
-4
Berlin Claims
Victory Along
Kerch Strait
P? <h* Associated PreM.
NEW YORK. May 19—A special
German communique heard by C
B. S. said today that German and
Rumanian troops had "reached the
Kerch Strait in all its extent" and
that three Soviet armies had been
destroyed in the attack and pursuit
"The last bridgeheads on both
sides of the city of Kerch, which
were strongly fortified, were stormed
in the course of today after over
coming bitter resistance,” the high
command said in its special bulletin
"The battle of attack and pursuit,
which has thus been concluded,
led to the destruction of three So
viet armies with 17 infantry divi
sions. three infantry brigades, two
cavalry divisions and four armored
brigades.”
"After, high bloody losses, the
enemy left in our hands 149.256 pris- 1
oners. 1,133 guns. 273 mortars. 258
armored vehicles, 3.814 motor ve
hicles. several thousand horses, as
well as innumerable quantities of
light arms and material.
"Only remnants of the enemy
forces were able to gain the coast
across the straits,” the communique
declared.
Late Races
Earlier Results. Racing Selec
tions and Entries (or Tomorrow, '
Page 2-X.
Charles Town
SIXTOI RACE—Purse *700; claimint:
3- year-olds: Charles Town course.
Randles Queen (Cowley) 8 80 3.80 3 in
Arquero (Bletzacker) 5 00 3 80
Maesak (Garrett) 7.40
Time. 1:17 4-5
Also ran—Pimlico Lady. Storminess
Chillee Vallee. Scotch Saae and Royal
Echo.
Belmont Park
SEVENTH RACE—Purse. *1.500: claim
ing: 3-year-olds; 1 mile.
Billy O. (Thompson* **00 .3 40 c 70
Anticlimax (Arcaro> 3 *0 3.10
Ben Gray (Garaa* 3.70
Time. 1 38
Also ran—K. Dorko. Flag Trumpeter. .
Port a We and Azimuth.
Suffolk Downs
FIFTH RACE—Purse *1.000: claimint:
4- year-olds and upward: 1miles
Catomar (Brennan) 5.30 2.80 2.20
Country Lass (Bates) 3.40 2.40
Eyeopener iAtkinson) 2.80
Time. 1:51V
Also ran—Inactive. Insant. Red Amazon.
Pat)«r Plzte.
Lincoln Fields
FOURTH RACE—Furze. *800: maiden
2-year-olds: 5 furlonts.
Little Town (Llt berter) 8.80 3.on 2.80
Water Tower (Bodloui 2 80 2.40
Rex-Avli (Josea) 7.00
Tima. 100's
Alan ran—Final Glory. Saboteur. Chain
•' Lakes, Fair Let. Nod.
► "After releasing our bomb*, we
dived again to the tree tops and
went to the coast at that altitude
to avoid anti-aircraft fire. Alone
the coastline we observed several
squadrons of destroyers and some
j cruisers and battleships. About 25
to 30 miles to sea the rear gunners
reported seetng columns of smoke
rising thousands of feet in the air.
Aircraft Plant Set Afire.
"One of our bombadiers strewed
incendiary bombs along a quarter of
mile of aircraft factory near Nogoya.
Another illuminated a tank farm.
However, flving at such low altitudes
made it very difficult to observe the
result, following the impact of the
bombs. We could see the strike, but
our field of vision was greatly re
stricted by the speed of the plane
and the low altitude at which we
were flying.
"Even so. one of our party ob
served a ball game in progress. The
players and spectators did not start
their run for cover until just as the
field passed otot of sight.
"Pilots, bombardiers and all mem
bers of the crew performed their
duties with great calmness and re
markable precision. It appeared to
us that practically every bomb
reached the target for which it was
intended.
“We would like to have tarried
and watched the later developments
of fire and explosion but even so we
were fortunate to receive a fairly
detailed report from the excited
~~ i See TOKIO RAID, Page_A-5.)
Maritime Unions Pledge
No Strikes for Duration
Details of labor stabilization
agreement* between the War Ship
ping Administration and the seven
maritime operating unions were re
ported to President Roosevelt today
by War Shipping Administrator
Emory S. Land.
The unions and the administra
tion signed a blanket agreement for
maintenance of collective bargain
ing principles in operation of the
Government-owned merchant fleet
last week, with the labor organiza
tions agreeing there would oe no
crew strikes for duration of the war.
Admiral Land, who was accom
panied to the White House by Mari
time Commissioner Edward Macau
ley. also discussed with the Presi
dent the program for training new
seamen and for recruiting men and
officers from veterans who have re
cently been ashore
The administrator told reporters
that reasonably well-trained crews
are available for cargo shipping
needs, but that some short cut*
have been mandatory in training
men to take on active sailing duties.

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