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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 19, 1942, Image 2

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Two Extra Pages
In This Edition
Late news and sports are covered on
Pages 1-X and 3-X of this edition of
The Star, supplementing the news of
the regular home delivered edition.
Closing N. Y. Markets—Soles, Pago 16.
Readers Prefer The Star
The Star’s afternoon and evening
circulation is more than double that
of any other Washington newspaper.
Its total circulation in Washington
far exceeds that of any of its contem
poraries in the morning or on Sunday.
Means Associated Press.
90th YEAR. No. 35,812.
WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, MAY 19, 1942
Washington TUPVT? PFVTQ Elsewhere
and Suburbs X lk, Five Cent#
Cossacks Smash
At Nazis on
Kharkov Front
Planes and Tanks
Join in Drive
Against City
By the Associated Prase.
MOSCOW, May 19 —Cossacks,
charging wildly across a pontoon
bridge they themselves built
under Nazi artillery fire, have
recaptured a “large inhabited
locality” on the Kharkov front in
a spectacular phase of the con
tinuing Russian advance, the
army paper Red Star reported
today.
Combining one of the most ancient
military forms, cavalry, with the
most modern, the Russians covered
their daring riders with an umbrella
of warplanes and followed them up
With a rumbling stream of tanks.
German parachutists, once used
for the offensive but now turned to
defense, were reported being drop
ped. particularly in an effort to re
lieve encircled detachments.
One descent of more than 100
parachutists was reported to have
fallen squarely into a Red Army
guard unit which killed all of them.
Other squads of parachute troops
were reported shot to death In the
air or cut to bits by Cossack sabers
on the ground.
Cavalry Carries Anti-Tank Guns.
The cavalrymen themselves are
auper-modernized. carrying machine
guns, rifles, anti-tank and anti
aircraft guns as well as the tradi
tional sabers.
The Germans sent planes speeding
to the defense, but lost 17 in this
single heavy combat. Red Star said.
The cavalrymen now are pursuing
the Germans, who abandoned large
quantities of equipment as they fell
back, the dispatch stated.
(In London a military com
mentator said Red Army troops
had driven to a depth of 30 or
40 miles through German lines
before Kharkov on a 60-mile
front.)
The recaptured town was not
Identified. Other dispatches from
the Kharkov front, key to the entire
southwestern sector, said an imme
diate Red Army objective was a
highway linking two large towns,
and that a violent battle was raging
just, east of this road.
The Germans are' defending it
desperately, since they must keep it
free for movement of their reserves
and supplies, said Red Star.
Every slightest vantage point east j
of the road is a knot of German re- [
sistance. but the determined Rus- j
sians are pushing ahead and already ;
have cracked defenses in one of
the most important sectors.
Red Army machine gunners who
Slipped past German pillboxes and
captured a village in the rear were
credited with this success. The Ger
mans, thus put between two fires,
were forced to fall back north and
southwest, said Red Star, and many
of them fled into the forest, dis
guised as civilians.
3 Costly Counterattacks.
The Rumanian 4th Infantry Divi
sion. supported on both flanks and
in the rear by Germans, made three
costly but futile counterattacks in
one region, the account added.
The Germans are throwing into
the Kharkov defense every tank
available, said a front-line Red Star
correspondent, because their in
fantry “wavers and falls back under
our pressure.”
Nevertheless, he said, “the num
ber of destVoyed German tanks has
reached 400 and is growing with each
hour.
“At first the German tank units
acted with great determination.
Once in a sector of four kilometers
(2'i miles) the Germans put into,
action three tank columns, the first
of 100 machines, the second about
80. and the third 50.
Tank* Became Leas Active.
"The tanks in the rear pushed
ahead of those which were burning
until they, too, were forced to halt
by our anti-tank fire.
''Later the Fascist tank units be
came less active. They now dis
play manifest caution and shrink
irom anti-tank fire.
“German infantry following each
tank column rushes from one side
to the other when it falls under our
fire.
“The enemy's ‘spring infantry’
doesn't venture into attack without
tanks. A considerable part of it
consists of green infantrymen ]
brought from France or mobilized j
in Germany.-’
Many of these troops are towed
into battle in armored trailers be
hind the tanks, but when the tanks ;
are knocked out the counterattack
is disrupted, Red Star said.
It credited the Germans with con
tinual attempts, nevertheless, men
tioning one Soviet infantry force j
which beat off 14 successive tank
led counterattacks and another
which withstood 16.
Tanks Counterattack.
Soviet dispatches said Nazi tanks,
seeking to protect Kharkov, coun
terattacked without infantry sup
port. Riflemen previously had been
hauled up in tank-drawn trailers.
Nazi parachutists were reported
used sparingly, by single platoon
or company rather than in larger
units. Prisoners were taken in in
creasing numbers. Shelling by a
Russian artillery battalion was said
to have destroyed 10 German Junk
ers-52 transport planes on an air
drome near the front.
"In one sector the Hitlerites
launched several tank counterat
tacks,” the Soviet Information Bu
reau said. “Men and officers of a
unit commanded by Comrade Ro6ko
routed the enemy and destroyed 30
German tanks.”
Above the scarred terrain of the
Kharkov region and other sectors
64 German planes were reported
destroyed Sunday, the largest figure
Xor any single day this month.
The Russians said also that Sun
day aerial operations of Rea Army
men had cost the Germans six tanks
and more than 100 trucks destroyed
or damaged, all this against a low
•f 21 Russian aircraft.
Transport Problems Delaying
West Fronf Move, Attlee Says
Possibility of Offensive Being Kept
"In Mind/ However, Commons Told
Sr the Associated Press.
LONDON, May 19.—Clement Attlee, Dominions Secretary, told
the House of Commons in a war debate today that the possibility
of opening a western front against Germany "is in our minds,” but
he added that "every move on the board Is conditioned by trans
port problems.” 4
Prime Minister Churchill did not
take part in the debate, which
ranged from the battles in Soviet
Russia to Australia and Burma and
India.
“What the people wish to know Is
that the government is determined
to deliver a great attack on the
enemy in the west,” Arthur Green
wood, former minister without port
folio. had said.
The people are insistent, he said,
in order "to give the Soviet Union
ever Increasing and powerful aid”
and also “to take the initiative
against Hitler on territories overrun
by his panzer divisions.”
“You may be sure that possibility
is in our minds and that it is in the
minds of the German high com
mand," Mr. Attlee said.
“The matter of sea transport is
a constant anxiety.” he added.
“There is no need to remind the
government that this is a tender
spot.
"With the best will in the world
we cannot always get the forces we
want to the place we desire at the
time we wish.”
This was particularly true in the
Pacific and Indian Ocean areas,
he indicated, but he reminded the
House that Ceylon had been rein
forced and declared. “We are doing
all we can to strengthen our forces
in India.”
The suggestion that a round-table
war conference be held at Reykja
vid, Iceland, by President Roose
velt, Prime Minister Churchill and
Joseph Stalin was advanced by
Labor Member John H. Martin, who
said something would have to be
done to create closer unity with
Russia.
Although the sea route to Mur
mansk "is very difficult” at this time
of the year, Mr. Attlee said, the
government was holding to its
schedule of shipments to Russia.
Opening the war debate the Do
minions Secretary said the govern
ment had few details of the Soviet
front fighting but declared "we are
perfectly certain that we are right
to continue to do the utmost to sup- i
port Russia.”
The Dominions Secretary added:
"Every month increases our
strength. Every month gives us
more cause for believing our po
sition will steadily improve and
that in due course we shall change
from the defensive, which we still
have to hold in many areas, to the
offensive ”
Mr. Attlee declared that "we are
at the moment in something of a
pause before the full summer cam
paign breaks upon us, but we can
have sober confidence in the fu
ture."
Referring to the struggle in the
Pacific, he said, "Because America
has accepted responsibility for re
inforcing Australia, it does not
mean there is indifference on our
part or any shrinking of responsibil
ity toward Australia.”
Sir Stafford Crlpps informed the
House that Prime Minister ChuTch
ill would not participate in the de
bate.
War’s Largest A. E. F.
Reaches Ulster Amid
Cries for New Front
U. S. Navy Keeps Intact
Its Record of Never
Having Lost Troopship
By RICE YAHNER,
Associated Press w*r Correspondent.
A. E. F. HEADQUARTERS,
Northern Ireland, May 19.—Tens
of thousands of United States j
soldiers, newly landed with their J
own tanks and artillery from a
convoy nearly as large as the
greatest of 1918, strongly rein
forced earlier contingents in ad
vanced training at Ulster bases
today.
Equipped with millions of dollars '
worth of battle tools, the troops ar- |
rived amid public enthusiasm In
Britain for opening an Allied front
against Germany In Western Europe.
"This is the finest I’ve ever seen."
commented a veteran British officer
who witnessed the unloading.
Many among the sturdy youths
are from Middle Western and North i
Central States. Some already have !
served In the Pacific. Fit and eager,
they make up the most formidable j
of the American forces landed here j
since the first arrived In January.
Avoided Submarine*.
The convoy outfoxed Axis sub
marines on the 2.400-mile voyage,
its escort delivering thunderous
depth charge attacks and its gun
crews alert for aerial onslaughts
which never came. Observers ex
pressed belief that, at least one sub
marine could not have escaped the
depth charges.
Facing its most important Atlantic
convoy job in more than five months
of war, the United States Navy kept
intact its record of never having
lost a troopship. British warcraft
assisted.
From the transport—among them
converted liners and cruise ships—
the debarkation was smooth and
swift.
A lieutenant colonel who served
in the infantry in the first World
war commented:
"The last time I came on an old
cattle boat. This time it was a
liner. The war is getting better."
Food Given to Men.
Food awaited the men at a wharf
shed—stewed meat, vegetables, pork
and beans, slices of luncheon meat,
pickles, jam, bread, pears, apricots
and coffee.
Pvt. Marvin O'Neal, who said he
was “an Irishman from South Dako
ta”—the town of Philip, was the first
enlisted man of the contingent to
step ashore. With Pv O’Neal was
his commanding officer, Capt. Junior
Miller of Rapid City, S. Dak.
Maj. Gen. Russell P. Hartle, jr„
commander of the A. E. F. here, per
sonally greeted Pvt. Van Jernlgan
<See~A7E7F7Page A-3.>
Enough Oil Reported
On Martinique Cruiser
To Go to Dakar
Aircraft Carrier in Poor
Shape; Her 98 Planes
Rotting on Beach
By NAT A. BARROWS,
Portifn Correspondent of The Stir and
Chicago Daily News.
CASTRIES, St. Lucia. British
West Indies, May 19.—Like laded
beauties quietly watching the
outcome of a duel for their
favors, the French aircraft car
rier Bearn <22,146 tons) and the
cruiser Emile Bertin (5.886 tons)
roll their barnacled sides to the
slap of the trade winds at Mar
tinique and await the outcome
of great events.
Below decks the Bertin is reported
to have enough fuel to take her
to Dakar where she could join the
Axis fleet. She can put to sea at
short notice and. in fact, she has
been permitted to make several runs
into the Caribbean since she raced
into Fort de France June 22. 1940,
with the $250,000,000 in gold bars
now stored at Fort de Saix in the
hills above the present anchorage
of the two warships.
But the Bearn is In poor condi
tion, from all reports. And so are
the 98 planes she had aboard when
she found refuge here four days
after the Bertin arrived. They are
rotting on the beach.
From a vantage point off the
harbor of Fort de France today I
saw the Bearn at anchor. She is
indeed a faded beauty, aeen even
from a distance. Her war paint
is faded and she shows many marks
of her long-enforced stay in the
French West Indies.
Tanker Tied Alongside Bearn.
One of the six French tankers
anchored at Fort de France is tied
up alongside to port of the Bearn.
The red hull paint marking her
water line is well above the surface,
indicating little oil cargo. I saw no
sign of activity on either ship. Two
elevator doors pointed skyward from
the broad, unobstructed landing
deck of the carrier.
The other tankers were all
anchored on the Caribbean side of
the Bearn, as if purposely to shield
her.
Only one merchant ship could be
seen in the harbor anchorage, the
French liner Sagittaire, which came
in about three weeks ago on the
run between Martinique and Casa
blanca.
French Negroes moved through
the scudding whitecaps in small
boats, their passage unhampered by
the harbor sentries, seeking to pre
vent additions to the several hun
dred French subjects at, Martinique
and Quadeloupe, who already have
fled to join the De Gaulle movement.
Somewhere in the hills overhanging
“ (See MARTINIQUE, Page A-6.)
Allied Airmen
Score Hits on 2
Jap Transports
49 Jap Planes Raid
Port Moresby, but
Damage Is Slight
By the AuocitUd Press.
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS,
Australia, May 19.—Gen. Doug
las MacArthur’s airmen were
credited today with the probable
destruction of two Japanese
transports yesterday at Koepang,
Dutch Timor, while damage from
a raid by 34 Japanese bombers
and 15 fighters on Port Moresby,
New Guinea, was dismissed as
insignificant.
The transports received direct hits
in aerial blows against enemy ship
ping in Japanese-occupied Koepang
Bay. a communique said.
Although ‘•minor damage to run
ways" was the only effect officially
noted from the Japanese assault on
Port Moresby, military observers
said the raid indicated clearly that
the aerial invasion forces based
north of Australia were by no means
knocked out.
The attack was the heaviest on
any Australian base since the thrusts
against Port Darwin in February.
Despite heavy Allied raids on Lae,'
New Guinea, and Rabaul. New Brit
ain. the Japanese still are able to
replace losses.
A communique, however, said Port
Moresby interceptors shot down one
heavy bomber, probably destroyed
three others and damaged three of
the fighters. One Allied plane was
repo 4 missing.
Practice Ai*. 4 Finds
Hew York Area kc^v
By th* Associated Pres*.
NEW YORK. May 19—Maj. Ge..
Follett Bradley, commanding the
Headquarters Air Force of the
Eastern Defense Command, an
nounced today that a ‘blue" alarm
sounded for the New York area at
11:06 a.m.. and the all-clear signal
followed at 11:25 a.m.
Later, the Army Information
Service announced that "a practice
alert was sounded at 11:05 a.m. as a
blue alarm by the 1st Interceptor
Command.”
It added that all radio stations
were ordered of! the air.
Commenting on the alarm. Mayor
LaGuardia said: “We were ready at
this time and we will be ready at
any time."
Arthur W. Wallander. the Mayor's
chief of staff for defense, arrived at
City Hall shortly after the signal
and went directly to the Mayor's
office.
Japanese to Establish
Army Air Headquarters
By th* Associated Pr*»i.
TOKIO (From Japanese Broad
casts!, May 19.—The War Ministry
announced today that, in recogni
tion of the growing importance of
aerial arms in modem warfare, an
a’-my air force headquarters would
be established June 1 under com
mand of a general appointed by and
directlv responsible to Emperor
Hirohito.
As outlined in the official gazette,
the commandant will be charged
with planning the mobilization of
army air divisions and supervision
and training of pilots.
He will collaborate with the chief
of the army general staff regarding
strategy, with the war minister on
military administration and per
sonnel and with the inspector gen
eral of the army air force on educa
tional matters.
U. S. Artillerymen
Study British Guns
For Possible Use
By the Associated Press.
A. E. F. HEADQUARTERS.
Northern Ireland. May 19.—
United States artillerymen have
started an intensive study of
British field guns since the Al
lied aim is to have the Ameri
cans and British function as a
team if necessary, it was dis
closed today.
United States gunners who
have been practicing with the
famous British 25-pounders al
ready have equaled the best
British records. The 25-pound
ers checked Nazi Marshal Erwin
Rommel in Libya.
Groups of United States offi
cers are being selected to attend
the British battle school.
24 Flee Indies in Open Boat, Reach Australia
After 5 Weeks, Thanks to Teacher's Grit
By C. YATES McDANIEL,
Associated Press War Correspondent
MELBOURNE, May 19 —Twenty
four men. women and children,
among them a baby born In an open
boat on the high aeas, have escaped
•Japanese internment and reached
Australia from the Netherlands In
dies after, five hazardous weeks,
thanks to the courage and fortitude
of a Dutch woman school teacher.
Toward the end of March, after
the collapse of Allied resistance in
Java, the Dutch communitiy of one
little island heard the Japanese
planned to deport it to Ambotna,
where most of the European resi
dents of the eastern Netherlands
Indies were interned.
The teacher not only resolved to
make a break but to warn Euro
peans of other smaller islands of
what was coming.
One dark night she left the island
with a few fe’iow-countrymen and
several loyal Malays in a small na
tive craft.
For weeks the little group braved
storms. Japanese planes and the
constant danger of capture by Japa
nese soldiers as they proceeded from
one island to another.
At one of the first stops the
teacher’s party was joined by an
other Dutch woman with a 3-year
old child and two Dutch soldiers
who had escaped from a prison
camp.
The augmented party set out in
the little craft and after an agon
izing Journey in which Japanese
planes flew over several times and
they were alternately bulleted by
waves or becalmed out of sight of
land, they reached a group of Is
lands.
There six Dutch adults and six
children were waiting after com
pleting a dangerous trip from a dis
tant outpost of the East Indian
archipelago.
One of the children w as an in- j
fant only a few days old, born in
a little boat during the voyage.
There the party obtained a motor
launch and the entire gioup—now
numbering 17—started south for the
last islands on the way to Australia.
At those islands the weary travel
ers were Joined by more refugees,
including Australian officers and
men who also had escaped the Japa
nese.
They set out for Australia, but
even then, with the end of the voy
age in sight, their worries were not
over.
In the battle zone, where Allied
and Japanese planes were operat
ing, there were many air attacks
and on one occasion the launch suf
fered a near miss before the hazard
ous adventure ended.
(mtS A GOOD TIME Y
for Somebody to knock)
v DOWN TOE LADDER. J
Hard to Make It Stick
15 Gasoline Rationing
Boards Will Handle !
Exchange of Cards
Eight Already Set Up;
Check on Motorists
Started by Steuart
Washington gasoline rationing
•'Uthorities today pressed the or
g_ ‘zation of zone rationing
boaiv *o facilitate the handling
of app ations of motorists
seeking to hange their ration
cards and to hasten the job of
checking on those whose cards
allow more gasoline than their
needs require.
The city will be organized into 15
zones, 8 of which already have been
set up. The others are expected to
be ready for operation by the end of
the week, Leonard P Steuart, Dis
trict gas rationing head. said.
Mr. Steuart said he Is checking
"a lot of complaints—some of them
anonymous, apparently coming from
neighbor protesting against neigh
bor. Most of the checking, he said,
will be done by a paid inspector as
signed to each zone.
Every Zone Jammed.
Yesterday every zxme was ;
“jammed,” he said, with autoists
seeking to exchange X and B-3
cards, entitling the holders to the
highest gasoline allotments, for
cards carrying smaller allowances.
Mr. Steuart attributed this rush
to change cards to a "public mis
understanding” rather than an in
tent to do wrong. Most people
thought, he said, that they were to
base their consumption estimates on
normal driving habits rather than
the bare requirements of business.!
Mr. Steuart described as a “new
ruling” the statement issued late
| yesterday by Leon Henderson. O.
P. A. administrator, to the effect
that holders of B cards, if they can
save any of their allowance by eco
i nomic usage, may use the saved gas
I for pleasure purposes.
District rationing officials had said
earlier that gas received under B
cards could be used only to go to
and from work and that a check-up
would be made to determine if vio
lations of the rule were being made.
I I
Gestapo Method Opposed.
Mr. Steuart said today that this
interpretation by himself and Whit
ney Lean', O. P. A. administrator
| for the District, was correct at the
time and that Mr. Henderson’s state
ment changed the situation.
(TheO. P. A., in announcements to
the press, has said all along, how
ever, that gas could be saved for
pleasure driving, by B-card holders.)
The American Automobile Asso
ciation. meanwhile, issued a state
ment that local rationing officials
should not ‘‘resort to Gestapo meth
ods” in attempting to enforce the
rationing program because such pro
cedure would "bring the whole prin
ciple of rationing into disrespect."
“Reports that motorists are being
stopped on the highways by persons
checking on their gasoline cards in
dicate an extremely dangerous
trend,” the A. A. A. said.
Mr. Steuart, asked about the state
ment, said that Washington officials
have "no intention” of starting a
policing campaign that includes
stopping cars on the highways.
Will Enlarge Inspection Staffs.
“We’ll have all we can do checking
up on complaints,” he said, adding
that this checking process probably
will be done by going directly to the
home of the individual against
whom the complaint is directed
Staffs of the zone inspectors will be
enlarged “as needed.” he said.
There have been “a few” requests
for supplemental gas rations from
persons like salesmen whose travels
extend farther than the average
worker. These, Mr. Steuart said,
will be referred to the proper zone
and will be “weighed caiefully” be
fore they are granted. When facili
ties now contemplated are com
pleted, he said, they should be ade
quate to handle such applications
as they come in.
Persons with official Government
travel orders requiring the use of
their personally owned automobiles
are entitled to full gas tanks under
instructions issued last night by Mr.
Henderson. This, however, has been
the interpretation of local officials
respecting this situation from the
beginning, Mr. Steuart said.
Government to Drop
Holiday Observance
On Memorial Day
Memorial Day will not be ob
served as a holiday in the Gov
ernment this May 30. Executive
agencies have been advised by
the Budget Bureau that em
ployes may be required to work
if the war effort will be fur
thered by observance of regular
working hours.
The bureau's statement was
prompted bv questions from
several groups as to whether
May 30 automatically would be
observed or whether the general
pattern of New Year and Wash
ington's Birthday would be fol
lowed, when regular hours were
for the most part observed.
All the principal war agen
cies, it was said today, were
expected to work as usual on
Memorial Day.
Spending Money May
Be Rationed Later,
Official Declares
Proposal Abandoned
Until Anti-Inflation
Plan Can Be Tested
By the Associated Pres*.
The individual spending money
of Americans may be rationed
later, depending on develop
ments, Treasury officials indi
cated today, but at least for the
present such a plan has been
abandoned to give President
Roosevelt’s seven-point anti-in
flation program a trial.
A Treasury spokesman and other
officials said the proposal for ra
tioning individual spending money
was given consideration, not only
by the Treasury but by other Gov
ernment agencies as well, when
surveys were being made of all
kinds of anti-inflation possibilities
before Mr. Roosevelt decided on his
seven-point plan.
The program outlined by the
President featured higher taxes, a
$25,000 limit on individual incomes
after taxes, over-all price ceilings. I
wage stabilization, credit control.'
intensified War bond sales on a vol-1
untary basis, and modification of1
the farm parity formula to permit i
price regulation of farm products
at parity instead of at 110 per cent
of parity.
The Treasury spokesman indicated
he saw no prospect for revival of
the plan, but cautioned that later
events might cause it to be given
further study.
Assistant Meteorologist
At Cincinnati Office Dies
By th* Associated Presa.
CINCINNATI. May 19 —William ;
B. Schlomer, 64. assistant Weather
Bureau meteorologist and a well
known flood forecaster, died today. I
Empress of Asia Sunk
By Planes; Most of
2,500 Troops Saved
Converted Canadian Liner
Destroyed by Jap Bombers
Off Sumatra February 5
By the Associated Pr**s.
MONTREAL. Canada, May 15.
—The 16.909-ton Canadian liner
Empress of Asia, a converted
transport, was sent to the bot
tom by Japanese dive bombers
while en route to Singapore last
February 5, but most of the 2,500
imperial troops she carried were
saved.
The story of the sinking was dis
closed today along with the official
announcement of the liner's loss.
Her chief officer. D Smith, re
ported that she went down off Sul
tan Shoal near Sumatra In the
Netherlands Indies.
One survivor said that some 80
Japanese bombs were dropped and
that five of them made direct hits.
Soon, the whole of the ship was
aflame. About 100 seamen escaped,
he reported, but many of the 44
others were known to have been
lost.
Escape by lifeboat was impossible
—for they, too, were burned—and
the little Australian sloop Yarra
was the heroine of the rescue.
Coming alongside the blazing liner,
she took off her people, at the same
time pumping steel at the enemy
bombers.
The official announcement said:
"The Admiralty have granted
permission to Canadian Pacific
Steamships limited to announce
that the Empress of Asia was sunk
last spring by air attack In the
Par East whilst engaged in trans
porting troops to Singapore."
The liner served as transport in
two wars and was long known on
the Canadian-Orient run.
The Empress of Asia was built in
1913 at Glasgow. Her home port
was Vancouver. British Columbia.
The liner had an earlier brush
with Japanese bombers before the
war with Japan began. On Septem
ber 14. 1940, the Japanese Admiralty
announced she had been hit by a
test bomb dropped by Japanese naval
pilots in bombing practice at the
mouth of Tokio Bay. She was not
damaged but four Chinese members
of the crew were injured.
Japanese officials and surgeons
hurried aboard to apologize and at
tend the wounded.
15 Belgians Reported
Executed by Germans
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, May 19 —The Belgian
news agency said today that 15 more
Belgians had been executed by the
Germans, five in reprisal for at
tempted attacks on German air
force headquarters in Brussels.
Charges against the others were
not known.
Summary of Today's Star
Foreign
Attlee reaffirms Soviet aid policy de
spite difficulty. Page A-l
Convoy nearly as large as greatest of
1918 reaches Ireland. Page A-l
Empress of Asia sunk by planes:
most of 2,500 saved. Page A-2
Much-bombed Port Moresby becomes
virtual ghost town. Page A-2
U. S. public health mission escapes
from Burma. Page A-3
447 Soviet tanks destroyed near
Kharkov. Nazis say. Page A-4
British raid Akyab and blast Burma
river craft. Page A-4
Free French freighter In three-hour
running fight with sub. Page A-4
Prinz Eugen may be out of battle for
three months. Page A-4
Himmler is reported sent to Nether
lands. Page A-5
China appeals for planes to meet
Jap drive. Page A-6
Interned Americans had better fare
than average German, but lost
weight. Page A-6
Cardinal Baudrillart. rector of In
stitute, dies in Paris. PageA-11
Mexico to greet men on torpedoed
tanker as heroes. PageA-12
National
Spending money may be rationed,
official says. Page A-2
Hough urges no discrimination in
radio licensing. Page A-2
U. S. occupies and develops defense
areas in Panama, Page A-2
Senate fight seen likely today on
sale of grains. Page A-2
Increase in output of present war
factories anticipated. Page A-3
Roosevelt makes major suggestions
to air training parley. Page A-3
Quezon says Filipinos are continuing
resistance. Page A-4
Pennsylvania votes today; governor
race holds interest. Page A-5
Post-war Christian crusade planned
by Baptists. Page B-6
Washington and Vicinity.
15 gasoline rationing boards to be
set up here. Page A-l
Alvis sues Jacobs for accounting of
D. C. boxing bouts. Page A-5
Curtailment of war projects program
may hit District. Page A-5
D. C. may have air-raid alarm tests
every 10 days. Page B-l
$1,400,000 allotted for recreation fa
cilities here. Page B-l
Witness saw no wrong in removing
files. Page B-l
Jap Consul’s secretary testifies in
conspiracy trial. Page B-l
Miscellaneous.
Marriage Licenses. Page B-16
Births and Deaths. Page B-16
Nature’s Children. PageB-15
After Dark. Page A-12
B
$13,500,000
Restored to D. C.
Housing Bill
Senate Committee
Calls House Fund
Inadequate
$1 400.000 RECREATION ALLOT
MENT from Lanham bill is ap
proved. Page B-l
The Senate Appropriations
Committee today restored to the
District housing bill $13,500,000
of the $20,500,000 lopped by the
House from the original $50,000,
000 request.
The restoration brings the total of
the bill to $43,000,000 and followed
testimony to a subcommittee han
dling the bill that the $29,500,000
carried in the House-approved bill'
was inadequate. The full commit
tee acted today soon after the in
crease was reported by the sub
committee headed by Senator Mc
Kellar, Democrat, of Tennessee.
The total of $50,000,000 had
been authorized in the Lanham
housing bill, which became law a
month or more ago Of this amount
$30 000.000 was to provide housing
and $20,000,000 for the attendant
community facilities, such as schools,
sewers and hospitals.
Both Funds Slashed.
When the request for the money
to carry out the authorization was
transmitted to the House shortly
afterward, the members decided
against constructing. family dwell
ing units in favor of dormitories
and slashed the $30,000,000 to $12.
000.000. The community facilities
allocation was cut to $17,500,000.
Today's action by the Senate
group, however, would add the
$13,500,000 to the housing allotment
for construction of 3.000 family unit
dwellings. This with the $12,000,000
approved by the House for dormi
tories would bring the new distribu-*
tion to $25.5000,000 for housing with
no change in the $17,500,000 for
community facilities.
The Alley Dwelling Authority al
ready has under way here an $18
000,000 program of 4.500 family
dwellings which was used as the
basis of the House cut in the pend
ing bill. Funds for the A D. A.
project w*ere allocated by President
Roosevelt out of $300,000,000 for
temporary shelters throughout the
country.
McKellar to See Barkley.
After the full committee had re
ported today, Senator McKellar said
he hoped to call up the resolution
tomorrow or. at the latest, Thursday.
He planned to confer with Majority
Leader Barkley with a view of hav
ing the Senate consider it as
emergency legislation at the earliest
moment.
John J. Blandford, jr.. national
housing administrator, recommended
to the Senate subcommittee, during
testimony made public today that
the $12,000,000 to construct housing
units which the House appropriated
be raised to $30,000,000.
This increase, he pointed out,
simply would carry out the authori
zation of $30,000,000 for war housing
here which Congress approved and
the President signed on April 10.
The other $20,000,000 in the author
ization bill was to go to utilities.
Mr Blandford estimated that 183 -
000 workers “will have poured into
the capital" between January, 1941,
and December. 1942.
151,000 in Government.
“Of these,” the housing adminis
trator told the subcommittee, "151.
000 will be Government employes.
The other 32.000 will be outside the
Government but performing essen
tial services nonetheless.
“These figures represent reality.
For all of 1941 and for the first
three months of 1942 they are based
upon the record of actual increases
in departmental hiring furnished
monthly by the Civil Service Com
mission to the National Housing
Agency.”
Declaring that his future esti
mates probably erred on the con
servative side, Mr. Blandford added:
“The task of the National Housing
Agency is to see that the people
who come to Washington to partici
pate in the war effort are housed
decently and economically. This
job is linked with the health and
morale of our Capital City. It is
linked with the winning of the
war.”
First Demonstration Held
In Vichy Against British
By the Associated Press.
VICHY. France, May 19—Forty
two youthful extreme Rightists
shouting "English murderers.” "down
with the Anglophiles” and other
anti-British slogans were permitted
by the French police last night to
demonstrate under the balcony of
the apartment where Chief of Stats
Marshal Petain was sleeping.
Under the guidance of two older
men. the noisy band, led by cheer
leaders, marched down the Rue de
Marechal Petain after attending a
“keep the empire” meeting at Vichy *
Casino.
This was the first anti-British
demonstration in this capital, al
though the French Legion, the coun
try’s only sanctioned political party,
had organized anti-British outbursts
In various parts of unoccupied
France since the British occupation
of Madagascar.
Convoy Off Portugal Hit
By Planes, Nazis Claim
By the Associated FrMA
BERLIN (From German Broad
casts), May 19.—Several merchant
men sailing in a British convoy wera
attacked by planes off Portugal,
north of Lisbon, at noon today and
hits were reported scored, the Lerlin
radio reported today.
Columns of smoke arose from sev
eral vessels, the radio said.
A

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