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Giving Allied Aims Lauded German People Seen Assured They Won't Be Punished for Nazis By DAVID LAWRENCE. Every now and then one wonders where the leadership of the post war world will come from as the present generation of governmental executives nec essarily turns over to younger men the respon sibilities of the ensuing years. The speech of TJ n d ersecretary of State Welles, delivered on Memorial Day, Is the answer. Of all the younger statesmen of the world, Mr. Welles has given an David Lawrence. outline or purpose which, though phrased in broad principles, affords the basis for a plan of world recon struction. It was not merely that Mr. Welles called for an international organiza tion to keep the peace. That was by no means the most significant thing he said. Rather does the speech con tain grim confirmation of a com ing event unrealized by most ob servers—namely, that this war will not in a peace conference of victor and vanquished, but in a period of social and economic chaos after the firm handling of which 14' the United Nations a set of peace terms will be formulated. Significant, too, was the hope held out by Mr. Welles to the German people—the first to emanate from either the British or American Gov ernments and yet absolutely vital If the peoples of Central Europe are to be induced soon to over throw their present rulers instead of being goaded to a desperate and exhausting struggle of self-defense against vengeful opponents. The German people must be told that there is a way out, that by turning out of power the Hitlers and the Goerings and the Himm lers and the whole set of Nazi chieftains, there is a chance for the innocent masses that have been exploited by the Nazis to regain a place in the family of nations. Voice of Reason at Last. “I believe," said Mr. Welles, “that these voices of the men who will make our victory possible will de mand that justice be done, inexo rably and swiftly, to those individ uals, groups of peoples or peoples, as the case may be, that can truly be held accountable for the stupen dous catastrophe into which they have plunged the human race. But I believe they wull likewise wish to make certain that no element in any nation shall be forced to atone vicariously for crimes for which it is not responsible and that no people Khali be forced to look forward to endless years of want and of starva tion.” Here at last Is a voice of reason hi an Impassioned world of war. With this the short-wave radio and the leaflets that are tossed over Germany can do a job of reassur ance to the German masses who must soon perceive that the hour of disillusionment approaches as they see the futility of more and more “offensives" against Russia, as the British and American air power continues to wreak havoc and de struction and as the prospect of food, clothing and rawr materials to aid their reconstruction is held out to them. The very theme of the Welles speech suggests that the day of German internal collapse may be near. His address deals in one para graph realistically with the first stages of the po6t-armistice period that must ensue. He says: "Finally, believe that they (the voices of the men who will make our victory possible) will demand that the United Nations become the nucleus of a world organization of the future to determine the final terms of a just, an honest and a durable peace to be entered into after the passing of (he period of social and economic chaos which will Inevitably come upon the termi nation of the present war and after the completion of the initial and gigantic task of relief, of recon- : struction and rehabilitation which will confront the United Nations at the time of the armistice.” Roosevelt Approval Seen. Those words are carefully selected. They must have been approved by the President. They imply that relief and reconstruction must come first, stable governments next, then ultimately a set of peace terms based on an international organ ization to maintain order in the ^LISTEN! Evry Wvkday Except Tuesday Headline News gathered and assem bled by the United Press Jrom the American Republics and presented by INTUMTIONM. Telephone mo Tiucmph Corporation Tonight Jp 6:15—WISV On the Record Order for Bridges' Deportation Called Silly, Seen Casting Doubt on Sincerity of U. S.-Soviet Alliance By DOROTHY THOMPSON. My friends have advised me not to "stick my neck out” on the Bridges case. However, it seems to me that logical and objective minaing nas been conspic uous for its absence in this case, and that it is nec essary to do some. Some ques tions come to mind: Has it been estab lished that Harry Bridges is or was a member of Dorothy Thompson. , the Communist party? And if so: What is the Communist party? The Communist party is an international organization whose object is to abolish international capitalism and replace it by in ternational socialism. The pro gram for accomplishing that pur pose has changed with every meeting of the Comintern. Plans to overthrow capitalist-domi nated states by violence has been in the program of international communism. Nevertheless, the directives in the Communist party for years have been against violence and for the political method of achieving what they think is coming anyhow. The ideas of the Communist party do not differ from those of so cialist parties, some decades ago. The practices of the Communist party are established by the Comintern in Moscow. The views of that Comintern direct the actions of every party member throughout the world. Communists Have Discipline. The Communist party has dis cipline. Although debates occur within the party, once a policy has been established, every mem ber is pledged to follow the party line. Since the party has been persecuted openly or clandes tinely in every country, its at mosphere is conspiratorial. It has a high intellectual atmos phere, but within it there is no intellectual freedom. When a measure is decided on by the leadership its cell system creates the majority which makes the rules that all must then follow. Although I believe that before this century is out international cartels, controlling immense blocs of the natural wealth of the earth, must and will be subjected t-o some sort of social control, I am vehemently against the Com munist party. I am against it for many reasons, but most of all because it strangles that par ticular freedom which is dearer to me than all others, namely Intellectual freedom. Neither do I believe that the members of the Communist party will ever contribute largely to the reconstruction of any society outside Russia. For they are unable to think objectively about the problems of America, Britain or any country other than Rus sia. Whatever the policy of Russia is. that is their policy. When Russia wras out of the war and wanted to limit it to a war be tween Germany and Britain the Communists were against the war. When Russia was attacked they became the most arcten: in terventionists In America. Now that we are all in the war they ardently wish to defeat both Germany and Japan. Stalin Against Strikes. Defeating Germany and Japan is not accomplished by conspir ing to overthrow the United States Government. It is the last thing on earth that Stalin wishes. The last thing he wishes are strikes In munition industries de livering goods to Britain and Russia. The last thing he wishes is even any radical social pro gram that might upset the apple cart. So at this moment the Communists are actually more conservative than many other radical groups in this country. Now there is another angle to this. The Communist party is a recognized legal party in the United States. It runs candidates for President. If the Communist party ever provably aimed at overthrowing the Government of the United States by violence then it should have been out lawed long ago. And if Mr. Bridges, in the middle of a war, is guilty of plotting to overthrow the Government of the United States then he is guilty of trea son and should be imprisoned or shot. But he is obviously not guilty of any such crime. He is only subject to deportation. And were he a citizen nothing could be done to Mr. Bridges. But where is he to be de ported to? To an ally, where American boys are fighting the Axis whom Mr. Bridges also wants to fight. Action Is Called Silly. Now, from the point of view of practical politics and common sense, what can possibly be ac complished by this? Are we not as much interested in the stability of Australian society at this moment as we are in our own? And is it mt within reasonable probability tl at the programs of all the allied countries will change during this war? Did not Mr. LitvinofI, under the ap plause of a large conservative audience in New York, recently remark that British imperialism, American democracy and Rus sian Communism will all under go modifications in the course of this conflict? I am convinced that they will. And what will be the immedi ate affect of Mr. Bridges' de portation? It will not inflict any damage on the American Communist party. It gives them a martyr in a man who is all out for winning the war. It will give them an opportunity to point to the international Fascist lovers, who are still tolerated in our society. It will contribute to drive the workers to the left, not to the center. And through out the world, it will cast doubts on the sincerity of our alliance with Russia. In Europe, It will indicate that we are scared of Russia. These things are more Important, at the moment, than the personal case of Mr. Bridges. Without defending the Com munist party, to which I am un alterably opposed, I think it is a silly action. It is resentment in the place of thought and panic in the place of logic. (Released by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.) world and thus to nip threats of aggression before they get started, Mr. Welles also took occasion to allay the fears of those who predict an era of state socialism for America after the war. He de clared that "in our own country we will continue to find the best expression for our own good under a system which will give the greatest incentive and opportunity for in dividual enterprise, and that reli ance on the ingenuity, initiative and ! enterprise of our citizens rather than on any form of bureaucratic management will in the future best assure the liberties and promote the material welfare of our people.” Here certainly is an expression of purpose that comes with reas-, suring clarity in the midst of loose j talk about post-war social and economic disintegration of the American way of life in favor of a government-ruled sysetm. Here | are the words of a statesman eligible for admission to the presidential contest of tomorrow. (Reproduction Rights Retorrcd ) Women's Club to Hear Discussion on Mexico Mrs. Harvey W. Wiley and Mrs. Horace K. Fulton, who recently re turned from a trip to Mexico, will give talks on their travels at a meeting of the Women's City Club at 8 p.m. Thursday at 736 Jackson place N.W. The meeting will be the first of a series of Thursday evening meet ings in charge of Miss Lottie L. Anderson. Besides the talks, the program this week will include guitar and mandolin music by Misses Helen and Doris Bruderer and their brother, Conrad, students at Sophocles Pappas. 'J'HE opinions of the writers on this page are their own, not necessarily The Star’s. Such opinions are presented in The Star’s effort to give all sides of questions of interest to its readers, although such opinions may be contradictory among themselves and directly opposed to The Star’s. The Great Game of Politics Order to Deport Bridges Seen Issued to Offset Unfavorable Reaction to Browder's Release By FRANK R. KENT. The C. I. O. union which tele graphed President Roosevelt asking him to reverse Attorney General Biddle’s order deporting Harry Bridges mlscon-, ceives the facts. What It asks Is that the Presi dent reverse; himself. What! It assumes Is; that Mr. Biddle ] made this de-: cision with out consulta tion with or approval from the Presi dent. Of course, this is a mistaken as Frank R. Kent. sumption. No person capaoie oi reasoning clearly will believe that in this highly controversial and im portant case Mr. Biddle, independ ently and on his own initiative, took an action which seems directly to clash with Mr. Roosevelt’s own ac tion of last week when “in the in terest of national unity" he released from prison the Communist Brow der. It is unthinkable that Mr. Biddle would not have apprised the Presideftt of his intention to issue the Bridges order, or that he wwld have Issued it had the President disapproved either of the order or his strong Indictment of the Com munist party as subversive. Cabinet members who desire to stay in the cabinet do not act in such matters without full presi dential knowledge and approval. It would be unintelligent and improper not to conform to this recognized rule. Certainly, in this case it was not violated. To think otherwise is to be naive and it can be accepted as fact that Mr. Roosevelt's re sponsibility for the Bridges deporta tion order is exactly equal to his responsibility for the Browder order. In the one, he acted himself; in the other, he used his Attorney General. But in both instances the action was his and it is silly to ask him “in the interests of national unity,” or for any other reason, to reverse the Bid dle ruling. Reasoning Not Clear. Those being the facts, the Presi dent's course In these two cases is not easy to reconcile with reason. It is. of course, conceivable that in the Bridges case the decision was made wholly on the legal merits. It is conceivable that Mr. Biddle, put ting aside all thought of political effect, reached a decision and made a recommendation to the President. And it is conceivable that the Presi dent, putting aside all thought of political effect, concurred in the recommendation. Those things are conceivable, but it must be admitted they do somewhat strain the cre dulity. For one reason, Mr. Biddle has given proof in a recent speech that he considers New Deal politics not incompatible with the conduct of the war. For another, Mr. Roosevelt has given proof, In his appointment of Mr. Hague's candidate for judge, that the war has not entirely ban ished practical politics from his i mind. For another, there was no pretense that the Browder release w’as based on anything except the Tb• World's tkMrt Arils* mow oppocv om "THE TELEPHONE HOUR" TOJflOHr HELEN JEPSON with tb» Ml Symphonic OrehMtra ft***#*#** E.W.T. »t5« ■»» "iiSJfS?1 ssr«%ssis«tt insurance against' d<^he9same high-quai'ty increase in Pr,c«s- ™®arS prices. Let Hin SsC'de™n9ondPs.o-a your rugs. NOVA I * LW WHY TA« CHANCW I R—-— —r 8.<&7Gn&e£<f€cmpaM[ 600 RHODE ISLAND AVE. N.E. THE BEST KNOWN —KNOWN AS THE BEST SINCE 1878 PHONE HObart 1171 President's desire to promote na tional unity. For still another, the Biddle decision overrules not only that of Dean Landis, made two years ago, but also that of the most recent board to review the Bridges record a year ago. So that the legal merits can hardly be wholly clear. Considering all these things, it therefore seems reasonable to. as sume that questions of public policy and national unity entered into the Bridges decision as in the Browder decision. How, then, is the adminis tration attitude of pro-Communist in one and anti-Communist in the other to be explained? In the ab sence of any other explanation, it does not seem far-fetched to believe that the second was intended, at least partially, to balance the first. So far from promoting national unity, the release of Browder did the reverse, as the President must have realized from the widespread and almost unanimously unfavor able comment with which it was received. Stalin Called Uninterested. The general view was that in releasing Browder, whose guilt was not questioned and whose sentence was not extreme, the President had made a mistake. Instead of increas ing national unity it created na tional resentment. Certainly, it strengthened the unfortunate feel ing that ^his administration has always been too tenderly Inclined toward those with Communistic affiliations. The Bridges order goes a long way to counteract that feel ing. Resentment of it comes wholly from the Communists, the C. I. O. radicals and the uninfluential but very articulate Communist publica tions. On the other hand, the numerous citizens who were ir ritated by the Browder release are temporarily gratified at the prospect of deporting Bridges. It is to be hoped “in the interests of national unity” that the courts will sustain the Biddle order and that there will be no weakening in the ad ministration, now it has been is sued. There is no way accurately to measure them, but it is safe to say that there are 100 people in this country who approve the Bridges order to 1 who resents it. If the President had kept Mr. Browder In Jail, where he belongs, and in addition, had ordered, through Mr. Biddle, Mr. Bridges to be deported, the favorable reaction would be in the same comforting proportion. Incidentally, the men here best informed about Russia are completely convinced that Stalin, our ally, has a very low opinion of the Communist leaders In America and is not in the least interested in what happens to them. What he is interested in are the planes, tanks, guns and other war materials which we are sending to help him repulse the invading Hitler. So long as we keep them flowing, for all he cares, we can put the whole Browder family back in Jail and deport every one of the little Bridges who infest our labor unions. (Copyright, 1942.) This Changing World Nazis Reported Planning to Set Up Dutch 'Quisling' In Order to 'Cut In' on Japanese Spoils in Indies By CONSTANTINE BROWN. Joachim van Ribbentrop, Hit ler’s foreign minister, who has been out of the limelight for a long time, is now reported to be preparing a spectacular move in the Netherlands. The announcement of forma tion of a Dutch “Quisling" gov ernment is expected soon by dip lomatic circles in Washington. The Naziis have had a hard time finding a Dutchman who would accept leadership of the regime under Berlin’s tutelage. Even those Dutchmen who were pro-German before the in vasion of their country have re canted after seeing the "bless ings” of the Nazi regime. Some politicians of high standing who were regarded as possibilities for the Nazi regime after departure of Queen Wilhelmina have be come bitter anti-Nazis. After almost two years of cajol ing and threatening, it appears that the Germans have found an obscure politician to become head of the new government. The rea son for Nazi anxiety to have a government of Dutchmen in the Netherlands is to establish certain rights in the Netherlands Indies, now occupied by the Jap anese. Nazis Wrong on Singapore, Too. The speedy Japanese victory in Malaya produced greater con cern in Berlin than appeared on. the surface. Nazi strategists be lieved Singapore would hold out for several months, and that it would be late spring or early summer before the Nips could be ready to tackle the Indies. Meanwhile, the Germans were shopping around for a “name” politician who would be willing to form a government at The Hague. When the Japanese would be ready to open their offensive against Java and Sumatra, Ber lin believed it could have had a strictly Dutch government avail able to co-operate with the Jap anese and be present at establish ment of the new Indies govern ment, which probably would have been a condominium. Now that the Japanese Army Is in possession of those ter ritories by right of conquest it is difficult for Berlin to breach the question of a condominium with Tokio. Formation of a Dutch government now, Ribbentrop is reported to believe, might open the way for the Nazi government to discuss division of the Dutch riches. Berlin is said to be pointing out to Tokio that it is necessary for the “common victory” not to alienate the Dutch people, and that their new "government” will have to be appeased. If the Japanese are adamant against returning at least a part of their conquered territories, Ribbentrop hopes they will dis cuss exploitation of the oil fields and tin mines by a group of Germans, Dutch and Japanese. Mussolini to Get Nothing. So long as the only Dutch gov ernment existed in London exile, the Japanese, who do not lack shrewdness, claimed that theirs were the victor's spoils. But when they are confronted with what the Nazis call a legiti mate government—even if the Dutch fail to accept it—Berlin believes Tokio may be willing to discuss an adequate division of the spoils. Berlin goes so far as to believe Tokio will accept a continuation of the Dutch re gime in Java and Sumatra un der the care of the Axis. The Italians are not in the game, but Otto Abetz, Nazi Am bassador to Paris, expects to draw the French into the com plex picture. The Japanese have occupied Indo-China only “for um-m! TVI'COUS . CttE£«l tlie duration.” Nominally, ac cording to the Vichy-Tokio agree ment, the French government has not lost title to its former colony. Indo-China has important mil itary and naval bases which the Japs would like to have perma nently. Abetz is said to have reported to Berlin that Laval could be induced to make the sacrifice of those bases before the end of the war in exchange for Hitler quieting Mussolini's clamor for Savoy and Corsica. The French people are not par ticularly interested in the Far Eastern possessions, but would bitterly resent any concessions to II Duce. Bargaining now is going on, with the possible re sult that the French will offi cially yield the province of An nam to Tokio, and the Japanese would yield to a joint exploita tion of the Netherlands Indies or whatever other formula would appease Berlin. Mussolini, as usual, would be left out in the cold. Unions Oppose Increase In Board, Room Prices In a letter to Robert F. Cogswell, District Rent Administrator repre sentative* of C. I. O. unions in the District and Maryland joined today in opposing the request by Dis trict landlords for an increase in rent and food prices in rooming and boarding houses. “We believe,”, the latter stated. “that any Increase In rent and food prices will have to be taken out of the health and strength of Govern ment workers—who are war workers In the Nation's biggest war in dustry." Union officials requested notifica tion "at least a week in advance of the actual meeting.” an opportunity | to examine records filed by the landlords involved and an interview I with Mr. Cogswell to discuss “certain aspects of proposed procedure.” ^JtiestnuUSlES ~~ fiistomers • d of evtry-otber-day milk I During*!* emergency?" ^ _ b(„, bo« deliveries » *»« £ ” *. best po***>' serve I y„u can help us to ,mtais for extra m.lk. Firsts Anticipate your re^ d order them far '“iTL J»— . on his truck *e 1 ,0J “extras Second! « you hnd *»< you ^ _ r.le 0001 ^Ikman makes delivery to youc home. ,our mtlkman ^ „ vbere yo* hi *««*•«• i * *•* and inaxtfnnjn-il v I disc rttfVY CHMt DMW CHtttHUl BUY BONDS for Victory McLemore— Price Ceilings Make Store Owner Hit Roof By HENRY McLEMORE. We were working in our victory garden the other day when we were called to the telephone. Without so much as a "Hello" or an 'Are you there?” the voiof on the other etui of the line asked If we were the party who had purchased fe turtle - neck sweater from a certain store early in March. We said yes we were anfl could have truthfully added that not if we Hfnry McLrmorr. live to be 100 would we ever forget the purchase, because that sweater came very close to breaking up git family. We bought It because sfrp liked its snug warmth. Its red and yellow stripes and because we be lieved it would hide a chin or two and provide our appearance with an athletic touch. It nearly got us run out of the house. The first time we wore it a certain party asked us where our boxing gloves were. With each suc ceeding wearing the Jibes grew more cruel and finally ended with us toe ing dragged before a mirror anjj! told that if we wanted to look hire something out of the Boxing Guidb that we could go and live with Pro moter Mike Jacobs or take a comer room in Madison Square Garden. ' Operator of Clothing Shop. But, to get back to the man oa the telephone. He was overcome with joy when he learned that we | had bought the turtle-neck sweater ! and twice overcome when we remeny bered what we had paid for ft— $1.98 with tax. His happiness seemed Just as crazy to me as "it must seem to you now. until he ex plained what it was all about. * * The man runs a little clothlrij? store. One of those little shops tucked away in a wall that has one or two of everything. He was vary happy there, with his garters, guar anteed non-wrinkable ties, slack fiy sembles and hats that you must not wear in the rain. Then all of a sudden, the price ceiling hit him. Out of the red-whlte-and-blue, Mr. Leon Henderson and his cigar prrf jected itself into the life of the little storekeeper. - - He became one with Macv end Gimbel and other great stores. Orders and counterorders carpe from Washington. He was a part fit the war effort. Finally, he learnejj that his goods had had a cqifin'g put on them—that from now on hfs prices must be no more than the | highest prices he had charged in I March. c * Fears Going to Jail. r But what were his March prioes? Price ceilings made the little man hit the ceiling, not out of anger but out of ignorance. He didn’t know wttat his March prices were. He and mama, who helped him in the after noons, had Just charged whatever came Into their minds and provided I thejn with a little profit. So, to keep within the law and keep out of Jail—he Is mortally afraid of being sent to Leavenworth and shakes every time a customer comes in the store lest it be a price administration agent checking oh his March and June price*—he is trying to locate all the customers who bought from him in March and prod them into remembering what they bought and w hat they paid lor the goods. That failing, he figures he’ll just send mama off to stay with his folks until he gets back from the ctfta boose. We were glad to help him, but yfe do regret having that turtlenedk sweater brought to our mind. > -ft has been laid away in mothballs and quick lime for many weeki. Despite all the harsh things said about It, we still believe we lookfd all right in it. It gave us a touch of the Mickey Walker that we liltetf. (Distributed by McNaught Syndicate, In*.) Buy United State* War bond's. They will pay rich dividends on the Tokio Shock Exchange. »r [V ^ Est. J86S * THESE ARE DAYS TOR "SAVINGS" A wise men buys the best. He knows materials count. In the lumber-line your mark of wisdom—your euarantee of satis faction— is BARKERS lumber and millwork. Geo.M. Barker J1111 UonifjafUf' U LUMBER & MILLWORK i 649-651 N Y. AVENUE N W : 4 1523 7TH STREET NW _ , & NATIONAL 1348 As^A ADVERTISEMENT. To Rouse Flow of Liver Bile Do This Every Morning for 30 Doys Get a bottle of Kruschen Salts tonight Start right in tomorrow morning and take as much as will lie on a dime in a glass of water (hot or coldi half an hour be fore breakfast or in your morning cub oT tea or coffee and keep this up for .30 days Kruschen taken this way helps relieve such symptoms as sick headaches, bowel sluggishness and so-called bilious indigestion when due to insufficient flow of bile from the gall-bladder. You can get. Kruschen. a famous English formula made in the U. S A . at any drug store. You must be satisfied or money back CONSTIPATION SUFFERERS Note Fon an occasional cathartic or purgative, to relieve common constipation, we believe there Is nothing better than quick-acting Kruschen In larger dosea—try It accafo* Ing to directions on the bottle.