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In This Edition Late news and sports are covered on Pages 1-X and 2-X of this edition of The Star, supplementing the news of the regular home delivered edition. Closing N. Y. Morkets—Soles, Poge 12. An Evening Newspaper With the Full Day's News LOCAL—NATIONAL—FOREIGN Associated Press and (A1) Wirephotos. North American Newspaper Alliance, Chicago Daily News Foreign Service and The Star’s Staff Writers, Reporters and Photographers. _ * _ Means Associated Preeo._ geth YEAR. No. 35.825. WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, JUNE 1, 1942 Washington TTTFFF PFVTS Elsewhere and Suburbs iXllAJLiL LIjxMO. Five Cents U. S. and Britain to Strike Reich With Full Air Power, Arnold Says; R. A. F. Blasts Cologne into Ruins Allies to Achieve Air Superiority, American Asserts By the Associated Press. LONDON, June 1.—Lt. Gen. Henry H. Arnold, head of the United States Air Forces, an nounced today he had “prac tically completed” conferences with British leaders aimed at de veloping “the maximum impact of our combined air strength” on Germany. Gen. Arnold, who arrived in Brit ain last week, declared: “It Is obvious no offensive against Nazi-occupied Europe can succeed without air superiority and we mean to have it.” He spoke at his first press con ference since his arrival and praised Saturday night's mammoth raid by the R. A. F. on Cologne as “a won derful show'.” He said the sooner American planes could take their place side by side with the R. A. F. on similar raids "the better it will be.” U. S. to Send Balanced Unit. The general avoided questions re garding when the United States flyers would be flying from the British isles, saying: "I hope the first you hear about it will be when they arrive.” He said the American air force In Europe would be a balanced unit of fighters, bombers and all other types of planes. “In gaining air superiority in any theater,” he went on, “we haven’t time to wait for ideal airdromes, Ideal aircraft or ideal conditions. "Our enemies have demonstrated that they are willing to take their losses. We must be prepared to take our losses, too. but we are going to make them count. “It has been agreed that the best results will be achieved if American crews fly in American planes as American units except when emergency conditions dictate another course. “Allocation of aircraft is being arranged with this principle in mind. “The chief consideration of our conversations has been to insure that increasing demands of Ameri can units of United Nations aircraft production do not impair the Brit ish air offensive now or in the fu ture. I believe a mutually satis factory balance has been struck.” Minimum Kept in U. S. “We are determined to get every possible fighting plane into the fight,” he continued. “No combat planes are being kept back in the United States beyond the absolute minimum required for tacti cal training. “Prime Minister Churchill and President Roosevelt have assured the people of our two countries time and again that we will hit the enemy hard and relentlessly until his military power is broken. "The R. A. F. has recently been carrying out raids on a scale never before known in the history of, war fare in pursuit of this policy.” The general said he had sent a message congratulating Air Marshal A. T. Harris, chief of the R. A. F. bomber command, on the Cologne raid, and concluded: “Mv visit has, I hope, hastened the day when our air arm shall join in an air offensive against the enemy which he cannot meet, de feat or survive." In reply to questions he said It “has not been fully decided” wheth er to put the Eagle squadrons of the R. A. F„ formed of American volunteer flyers, into the American air force. Messages Exchanged. The approaching day when United States and British air forces will fly wing to wing in pulverizing smashes against Germany was foreseen in the exchange of mes sages between Gen. Arnold and Air Marshal Harris. Gen. Arnold, who has been con ferring on joint operations here, wrote to Marshal Harris yesterday: “As commanding general of the United States Army Air Force I de sire to extend my congratulations to you, your staff and combat crews for the great raid last (Saturday) night on Cologne. "It was bold in conception and superlative in execution. Please convey to your officers and men mv admiration for their courage and skill and say that our air forces hope very soon to fly and fight be side them in these decisive blows against our common enemy.” Marshal Harris’ Reply. Marshal Harris replied: "All ranks of the bomber com mand are highly appreciative of your message. We, too. look forward to the time now so near when the United States Army Air Force, which already so gallantly and ef fectively share their burden in the Far East and elsewhere, comence operation at our side in this theater of war- _ . . .. . •We are supremely confident that with their aid our common enemies —faced with certain devastation of their own land—'will have cause bit terly to rue the day on which they forced our two countries into war.” Grand Coulee Dam Gates Open Today By the Associated Press. GRAND COULEE, Wash., June 1.—At 3 o’clock this afternoon the Columbia River will rush over Grand Coulee Dam — creating America’s mightiest waterfall. Work began on the dam in the winter of 1933-34. Today engineers open the drum gates atop the dam. The resulting falls, far mightier than either Niagara or Victoria, will be 1,650 feet wide and 320 feet high. > - , Canterbury Raided in Reprisal By Three Waves of Nazi Planes Several Historic Buildings Are Wrecked; First Reports Put Toll at 12 Dead By the Associated Press. CANTERBURY, England, June 1.—Three waves of German air raiders, totaling about 25 planes, attacked this ancient cathe dral town early today with tons of high explosives and incen diaries. Several historic buildings were wrecked by bombs or fire during the raid, which apparently was in reprisal for the R. A. F.’s devastating attack on Cologne Saturday night. Among the buildings hit were* I two churches, two schools, a hotel and a newspaper office. Many homes were wrecked or burned out. (An authoritative source in London said the Canterbury Cathedral doubtless was one of the Germans' objectives, but added: “It is not proposed to assist the enemy by giving any information as to whether dam age was caused or not." (He said "some 50” planes in all attacked British targets, half of them raiding Canterbury. (In Berlin the German high command said “thousands of high explosive fire bombs” were dropped on Canterbury and pilots observed large fires after the low-level attacks.) Scarcely any section of the town was missed by the bombers. Sev eral large stores were wdped out in the business section, and at one _ j» - ■ ■ - —’■ ' — " 1 time this whole area was a mass of flames. All the fires were under control by daylight, however. Though many residents were left homeless, they went about their work today as well as the emergency permitted. By mid-morning farm ers were bringing stock into town in many instances leading it over smoldering wreckage. First official reports said 12 per sons wrere known killed, but that other bodies might be found. The new Archbishop of Canter bury was in the town during the raid, but he was reported safe. Authorities /id the spirit of co operation between the people and air-raid services was remarkable and that many were unwilling to leave their homes though the houses often were ringed by fire. I Russians Forestall Nazis Reinforcing Kalinin Positions t Important Enemy Lines Northwest of Moscow Declared Captured By th6 Associated Press. MOSCOW, June 1.—The center of action on the Russian front apparently had shifted today from Kharkov to the Kalinin sector northwest of Moscow, where for a second time this spring the Red Army reported beating the Germans to the punch. The great) battle of Kharkov, which has simmered down into rela tive quiet, was the first instance and the Russians claimed It as a tri umph. Without denting their own reserve power, despite acknowledged losses of 75,000 men, they declared they had forestalled a Nazi push on Ros tov, drained German reserves and diverted 36 Nazi divisions which had been massed opposite that gateway city to the Caucasus. A Russian communique has put Nazi losses on | the Kharkov front at 90.000 or more men captured and killed. 540 tanks I and 200 planes destroyed. “Important Lines” Seized. On the Kalinin front, a communi que said yesterday, the Germans tried to strengthen their positions by moving in large reserves but, strik ing first, the Red Army seized "im portant enemy lines” and left about 1,100 Germans dead or wounded in repulsing counterattacks lasting three days. An editorial in Red Star, the army newspaper, said the battle of Khar kov showed major revisions in the German tactics, with the Nazis’ former reckless advances discarded in favor of cautious pressure. It urged intensification of Soviet scouting to detect the enemy’s plans and permit Russian forces to strike (See RUSSIA, Page A-~3d 500 Soldiers Stricken With Stomach Cramps B> the Associated Press. WEST PALM BEACH, Fla., June 1.—Morrison Field soldiers were or dered back to their base from a Sunday holiday after some 500 of them doubled up with stomach cramps and nausea on city streets and the beach. Post officers gave no statemnt yes terday, but food poisoning was the apparent cause. A few of the men were made un conscious. A fleet of 10 civilian de fense ambulances, aided by military medical units, dashed back and j forth for three hours hauling the I ailing soldiers. 111 Killed al Cologne, Nazis Assert; 'Great Damage’ Admitted Four Historic Churches Listed by Berlin as Severely Hit by Bombs By the Associated Press. BERLIN (From German Broad casts), June 1.—Dispatches from Cologne today said four of the finest old churches in that his toric Rhineland city were se verely damaged in the British raid Saturday night. This fol lowed the radio assertion last night that 111 civilians were killed and “great damage” was done in the central part of the city. The radio broadcast last night quoted German military quarters as saying that only “about 70” British planes took part in the raid and that British assertions that more than 1,250 planes participated were “fantastic.” Damaged C hurches Listed. The Cologne churches which were said to have been damaged were: Saint Martin’s, one of the most notable Romanesque churches in Germany, dating back to the 12 cen tury; the Church of the Apostle, Santa Maria im Capitol, and the Antonite Church. Saint Martin’s towers were second only to the spires of the famous Cologne Cathedral as a conspicuous landmark of the city, the Berlin radio said. Even older and as architecturally famous is Romanesque Santa Maria Capitol, which stands on the site of the former Roman capitol and whose carved doorways date partly from the beginning of the 11th cen tury. The Church of the Apostles also dates from the 12th century. The dispatches said the "center of the city which comprises the most ancient and picturesque district, suffered particularly heavily.” Damaged buildings, apart from the churches, included the police head quarters and the Nazi welfare head quarters. Air-Raid Services Praised. The radio last night repeated the high command's earlier assertion that damage to Cologne was great, but then it added that "fires re sulting from the bombardment were confined to attic fires which soon were under control, it is learned.” The air raid precaution services were praised today. "The air raid precaution services without thought of personal losses considerably limited the spreading of fires by noteworthy vigilance and prompt action,” the communique said. It was indignantly charged both “ (See~BERLIN, Page A-2.) Congress and Supreme Court To Join in Raid Drill Tomorrow Members of Congress and justices! of the Supreme Court will join the rest of the metropolitan area in its all-out daylight air raid drill tomor row morning, it was learned today. In the House and Senate Office Buildings, members and clerks will leave their offices and go to desig nated shelter areas in the corri dors. A signal for the siren atop the Capitol power plant also will bring the Supreme Court justices to the shelter areas. > It has not yet been decided whether a number of committee meetings at the Capitol will be ad journed for the 15-minute drill period. The proposed immobilization of all traffic except emergency vehicles brought a warning from Traffic Di rector William A. Van Duzer that Washingtonians who must be at cer tain destinations between 10 and 11 a.m„ the time of the drill, should plan to arrive before 10 am. Passengers on street cars and buses, he said, must remain aboard the vehicles and even though close to their destinations will not be permit ted to walk until the "all clear” is sounded. At Union Station guards will be on duty at all exits to keep passen gers on arriving trains from leaving until the all clear. This also will apply to vehicular traffic on the sta tion premises. Station officials said the hour was not particularly a rush period and no difficulty or undue crowding was expected. When the sirens sound all con struction work will stop at the Stat ler Hotel and workmen will descend to the concrete-floored subbasement. y - 1,000 Bombers Hit Nazi City With Record Attack By DREW MIDDLETON, Associated Press War Correepondent. LONDON, June 1.—Germany can be knocked out of the war by fall, crushed by huge fleets of American and British bombers, air experts predicted today as the German city of Cologne lay in flaming ruin under the most devastating air raid in history. When the R. A. P. sent more than 1,000 bombers with the greatest weight of steel and explosive ever borne on wings into the Rhineland Saturday night, these sources de clared, its flyers heralded not only an eventual invasion of Hitler’s Europe, but also the systematic de struction of his war machine, city by city, factory by factory. The R. A. F. continued its of fensive against the Nazis in daylight today with flights of fighters active over Northern France, apparently concentrating on the Calais area. Of such magnitude was the Co logne raid that only a masterwork of organization, with the bombers i swarming over their targets at 6 j second intervals, made It possible. Summary of Raid. Its paralyzing might was told In astronomical figures: Of three-fourths of Cologne afire and under a 3-mile-high pall of smoke: Of more than 1.000 bombers roaring over their German targets in Cologne, and elsewhere in the Rhineland and the Ruhr Valley in a 90-minute procession of death and destruction; Of perhaps 1,250 planes in all, including the bombe'sr protective Fighter escort, in the greatest aerial armada ever put into the skies at one time; Of 6.000.000 pounds of bombs dropped; Of twice the number of planes and four times the weight of ex plosive and incendiary bombs that ever were pumped on Britain in a single night, even at the height of the German air assaults. Of 6.000 airmen in a single, in tricately co-ordinated air at tack; Of 100.000 men in ground crews at home sending the planes off from scores of bases. Nazis Scoff at British Claims. Even the Germans admitted “great damage” to Cologne, their fifth largest city, although the Ber lin radio scoffed at the British an nouncement of the scope of the at tack, quoting Nazi military sources as saying only “about 70” planes took part. • An authorative source said that immediately after the Cologne raid, Heinrich Himmler, chief of the Gestapo, assumed control by decree of Reichsmarshal Wilhelm Her mann Goering of the whole air raid precaution services in Germany. The services, it was said, will be incor porated into the German police force. Reuters, in a dispatch datelined “on the German frontier,” said hun dreds of thousands of homeless peo ple were being removed from the Rhineland following the attack on Cologne, Wealthy Germans were re ported anxiously trying to transfer to safer districts. The British said their losses were 44 planes, picked off by 500 anti aircraft guns and many night fight er squadrons. On the basis of British reports that the R. A. F. used 1.250 planes in all, this was a loss of less than 4 per cent—compared with the 10 per cent generally mentioned as the maximum losses which still would mark a raid as a success. Only Berlin, Vienna, Hamburg and Munich surpass Cologne in size within greater Germany. Beside be ing an important manufacturing center of 768.000 population in the heart of a great German industrial region, Cologne also is a great Rhine River port and the hub of all rail lines connecting Germany and France. Though one ponderous blow virtually had flattened a great Ger man city, the raid's significance lay for the British in the vision it raised of more, and worse, to come for the enemy. Prime Minister Churchill himself pictured the Cologne attack as part of a master strategy rather than an isolated achievement. He told the flyers in a message of congratulation that their work (See COLOGNE, Page A-2.) Bombers Hit Two Ships In Arctic, Nazis Claim By the Associated Press. BERLIN (From German Broad casts), June 1.—Two large merchant ships were hit in German dive bomber attacks in Arctic waters off Russia's northern supply port of Murmansk, the German high com mand reported today. German air forces also attacked Sevastopol, the besieged Russian Black Sea base in the Crimea, the communique said. On the Russian land front, it re ported only that the Germans made successful local attacks and repelled “isolated enemy attacks.” Bing Crosby Injured BEVERLY HILLS, Calif., June 1 OP).—Singer Bing Crosby suffered a badly cut lip in an automobile crash today. Doctors said the injury would not impede Bing’s singing. fWE DON'T NEED ?ANY HERE...BUT * YOU MIGHT TRY. k DOWN THE |L STREET! ( NOW, THIS \ IS ABSOLUTELY \ THE BEST AND A THE MOST—1 x Trials of a Traveling Salesman New Offensive Begun By Japanese Army In South China Attack Launched After Arrival of Fresh Troops, Tokio Says By the Associated Press. TOKIO (From Japanese Broad castsi, June 1.—The Japanese Army in South China has begun an offensive in Kwangtung Prov ince, an announcement from its headquarters at Canton said to day. The attack was launched at dawn yesterday after the arrival of "crack Japanese units" as reinforcements, Domei reported. The Japanese news agency said “a steady northward drive” was under way against a Chinese army of "tens of thousands” under Gen. Yu Han mou, commander of the Chinese 7th War Zone. Series of Bombing Raids. Japanese warplanes co-operated by a series of severe bombing raids along the Peh River and around Tsungfa, some 50 mile* northeast of Canton. (The new Japanese drive, ap parently following the parallel lines of the Peh River and the Canton-Hankow railway, appears to be another phase of the large scale operations which many ob servers believe is designed to knock China out of the war.) The Bangkok radio today broad cast an announcement that Thai (See CHINArPage A-3.) Bailey's Primary Victory Is by 2-to-l Margin By the Associated Press. RALEIGH. N. C.. June L—Senator Bailey today held a better than 2-to-l margin over his opponent for nomination for a third term in Saturday's Democratic primary. Similar victories were indicated for incmbent Democratic House members having opposition and for Cameron Morrison of Charlotte, for mer Governor and United States Senator, in the newly created 10th district. With returns tabulated from 1.610 of the State's 1.919 precincts the vote for Senator Bailey was 183.107, i as compared with 83.584 for Rich ard T. Fountain, former Lieutenant Governor and one-time Speaker of the North Carolina House. The 69-year-old Senator Bailey, who made no formal campaign, was ahead in all but four of the State’s 100 counties In the incomplete re turns. Yugoslav King to Visit Roosevelt This Month By the Associated Press. LONDON, June 1.—Two monarchs of.conquered Balkan countries— King Peter of Yugoslavia and King George of Greece—are expected to visit President Roosevelt in Wash ington early this month. Exchange Telegraph said the youthful Yugoslav ruler and several of his ministers expected to spend four to six weeks in the United States. Greek government-in-exile circles j said King George and Prime Min ister Emmanuel Tsouderos expected to leave Cairo at the end of the week for the United States. Household Carving Sets Fall Under W. P. B. Ban By the Associated Press. The War Production Board today prohibited manufacture of house hold carving sets, penknives and most manicure implements, and sharply restricted the production of household cutlery. The order, affecting 80 companies with normal annual business of $60,000,000 was made effective today. It is expected to save 6,000 tons of iron and steel annually. 600 tons of copper alloy and quantities of other metals, rubber and plastics. The curbs do not apply to sterling silver flatware and do not affect the use of unalloyed gold and silver in other articles. t 908 Return on Drottningholm; 3 Subs Sighted on Crossing Twelve From D. C., Maryland and Virginia Among Those Exchanged by Axis By THOMAS R. HENRY, Star Staff Correspondent. NEW YORK, June 1.—Out of Axis internment camps 908 North and South American diplomats, journalists and others caught by the declaration of war In continental Europe reached home today. me sweaisn uner urouningnoim^ docked at Jersey City in a driving i rain and there was a long delay for I final examinations of papers and the removal of the body of Mrs. William D. Leahy, wife of the Am bassador to Vichy, who died in France. Ship's officers said three Axis sub- ! marines were sighted on the 10-dav ; trip from Lisbon, but that Capt. Sigfrid Ericsson, the skipper, did not i tell the passengers for fear of alarm- j ing them. The ship's itinerary had been given in advance to all the belligerents. The first sub. ship's officers said was sighted off the coast of Portugal 22 hours out of Lisbon. Two more were sighted May 29 and they im mediately closed their hatches and I dived. I j Admiral Leahy was the first off the boat followed by men and women many of whom were step ping on American soil for the first time in many years. Twelve from Washington and nearby Maryland and Virginia were listed on the passenger list, all State Department employes or serv ice attaches. From the ship at quarantine were removed 85-year-old George Horton and his elderly wife, considered by officers who boarded the ship too feeble to stand the excitement of landing with the other passengers. Mr. Horton formerly was United States Consul General in Italy and has made his home there for 40 • See DROTTINGHOLM. Page A-4.) Windsors Are Guests Of Roosevelts at Informal Luncheon Duke and Duchess Come To Capital for Visit Unmarked by Ceremony The Duke and Duchess of Windsor, arriving by train at 9 a.m. today from Miami on what was described as a business mis sion, were guests at the White House at an informal noon luncheon. It was said at the White House that President and Mrs. Roosevelt were entertaining the royal couple as old friends at a family luncheon. No guest list was announced and the luncheon wras not regarded as an official affair. The duke, who is Governor Gen- j eral of the Bahamas, said at Miami that the principal purpose of his visit to Washington and New York was to arrange for marketing Ba hamian vegetables, hemp and other products in the United States—a trade the West Indian Islands needed since the war had greatly reduced the number of tourists. England’s former King planned to confer with Government officials during a stay of several days here. He also was expected to discuss the defense co-ordination of the Ba hamas and the Florida coast. To Dine at Embassy. The duke and duchess will be guests at a dinner tonight at the British Embassy where they are staying. Their arrival was in striking con trast to the reception given them last September on their first visit to Washington since Edward VIII renounced his throne and married the American-born Wallis Simpson. Then crowds of spectators on hand and large squads of police pro tected the visitors. Today the couple left their train almost without public notice. Only (See WINDSOR, Page A-3.) Girl Slashed to Death In Chase Through Boston's Back Bay Three University Students Overtake Dishwasher And Hold Him for Police By the Associated Press. BOSTON, June 1—A ’teen-age girl, screaming as she fled before a knife-brandishing pursuer along a parkway path beside the Charles River Basin, fell and was slashed to death today within view of horrified Back Bay apartment dwellers. Three Boston University students pursued and captured the killer. Police said the girl, Fidelia Briand, 18, of suburban Woburn, was walk ing to her classes at the Fisher Business School when she was ac costed by the man, armed with a foot-iong butcher knife. The man gave his name to Patrolman James Leonard as Harry Adams, 28, of Somerville, a dishwasher in a Boston West End restaurant. Girl Stumbles and Falls. Harold Breski, 21, of Bridgeport. Conn., and Henry Gates, 21, of Gardner. Mass., seniors, and Lyle Wilson, 19, of South Portland, Me., a Junior at Boston University, pur sued the man and the screaming girl along the pathway beside a lagoon, but were too far behind to prevent the tragedy. As the man closed in the girl stumbled and the pair rolled mo mentarily from view into shrubbery along the path. Then the assailant appeared again, running. Wilson halted to bring police. iS^e MURDER. Page A-3.) Bernard Schuster Dies EL PASO. Tex.. June 1 (JPi.—Ber nard Schuster, 82, of El Paso, who in 1890 took electric lights into Mexico to show President Porfirio Diaz and his cabinet, died yester day of a heart ailment. Summary of Today's Star Foreign New offensive begun by Japs in South China. Page A-l Russians forestall Nazis strengthen ing Kalinin positions. Page A-l Rommel’s tank forces trapped by British in Libya. Page A-l Canterbury attacked in reprisal by German air raiders. Page A-l Three midget Jap subs believed sunk in Sydney Harbor Page A-5 Chiang pleads for 10% of America’s equipment output. Page B-M Nazis slay 20 more in Czech capital for attack on Heydrich. Page A-4 Rioting in Paris emphasizes serious ness of food situation. Page B-7 National Three explosions blow hole in U. S. tanker at Tampico. Page A-3 Supreme court may sit next week to finish work. Page A-3 Arnold charges Standard Oil tried to mislead committee. Page A-5 Barrage balloons in use along West Coast. Page B-13 Water wall drowns seven on Lake Erie. Page B-13 Washington and Vicinity. D. C. residents asked to save tin cans for salvage. Ptge B-l Labor rfiobilization program becomes effective today. Page B-l Modified decentralized air-raid sys tem to be tried here. Page B-l Oden denies statement to police on sweetheart’s slaying. Page B-l Gas-rationed throngs jam public transportation. Page B-10 British Capture Rommel's Chief Aide in Libya Saw Hitler One Week Before Attack Began, Seized Diary Shows By HARRY CROCKETT, Associated Press War Correspondent. WITH THE BRITISH FORCES IN THE LIBYAN DESERT, May 30 (Delayed).—Gen. Ludwig Cruewell, coihmander of the German African Corps and sec ond only to Field Marshal Erwin Rommel in the North African command, was captured yester day and found in possession of a diary which show’ed he conferred with Adolf Hitler only a week before Marshal Rommel's latest attack. Gen. Cruewell. 55. former com mander of Nazi tank formations in France and Yugoslavia, was taken prisoner when a reconnais sance plane in which he was a passenger was forced down by anti aircraft fire in the center of the British lines. Earlier it had been thought that Lt. Gen. Nehring had taken com mand of the corps—there even was a rumor that he had succeeded Marshal Rommel—but it became apparent that he was sent to the desert only to fill In for Gen. Crue well during the latter’s home leave. Returned May 24. Gen Cruewell, who became a full general last December, left the des ert March 24 and returned May 24, just two days before the zero hour for the African Corps’ new drive. Gen. Cruewell probably is the most important general yet to fall into British hands. “Captured Italian officers gava him a most deferential Fascist sa lute when he departed," said a Brit ish officer who escorted Gen. Crue well to quarters assigned to him. The tall, ruddy-faced, grizzled officer with the grime of the desert struggle still on him faced newspa per cameras unabashed. Asked w’hat he thought about the Russian campaign, where he parti cipated in the Kiev drive last fall, he replied curtly, "I don’t speak on military or political subjects.” The plane in which Gen. Cruewell was forced down was a Fieseler Storch plane—a two-seated mos quito-like aircraft described as able to hover at vantage points from which to view land operations. Damaged by anti-aircraft fire, the plane made a forced landing in which the pilot was killed. Gen. Cruewell was uninjured. Bulk of Rommel's Tanks Are Reported Trapped CAIRO. Egypt, June 1 UP).—The bulk of Field Marshal Erwin Rom mel's two German tank divisions— the backbone of his Africa Corps— was reported trapped and atempt ing to escape the British today with the forces of Lt. Gen. Neil M. Ritchie waging a fierce battle from all sides and from the air in an ef fort to wipe out these forces. The Germans’ only hope, a Brit ish communique indicated, was to win a "battle of the gaps" by hold ing open two narrow passageways through British minefields to the westward which the Germans had cleared and where they had concen trated anti-tank artillery to protect their route of escape. British informants said the Ger mans. faced with the choice of using the minefield gaps to bring up sup plies or to withdraw the tanks, ap parently had chosen the latter course and that the Rommel of fensive, begun five days ago. had turned into a furious battle by his forcfis to escape encirclement. 19 R. A F. Planes Lost. The R A. F., reporting the loss of 19 planes in continuous opera tions over the battle area in the last 24 hours, said its fighter and bomber attacks on Axis mechanized forces were maintained "with out standing effect.” The planes are concentrating on supply columns attempting to move oil and water to Marshal Rommel's forces, as well as engaging in actual combat with the tanks and armored cars. “Many enemy trransport vehicles were destroyed and damaged, and, although our fighter effort was directed principally against the enemy's land forces, several com bats developed over the battle area,” the R. A. F communique said. At least four Axis planes were shot down and others were "prob ; ably destroyed.” Bombers blasted | the Martuba airdrome and objec I tives in the El Tmimi area. Other bombers ranged as far as Messina is Sicily. A heavy attack was pressed home last night at the Derna Airport and "large fires were observed among the dispersed aircraft.” British authorities said an order (See-LIBYA, Page A-3J Quiz on Price Ceilings Will Be Held in Forum Senator Brown. Democrat, of Michigan; Representative Patman, Democrat, of Texas, and Price Administrator Henderson will engage in a question and answer discus sion of rationing and price fixing in the National Radio Forum, which is arranged by The Star and broadcast over WMAL and a coast-to-coast Blue Network hookup at 9 o’clock tonight. Senator Brown and Repre sentative Patman handled the price control bill in their respective branches of Con gress.