Newspaper Page Text
Brief showers this afternoon and tonight, with moderate temperatures. Temperatures today— Highest, 75. at 3:45 p.m.; lowest, 63, at 6.30 ajn. From the On 1 tea atateg weetner Bureau Report. Full Details on Page A-2. Closing N. Y. Markets—Soles, Poqe 18. NIGHT FINAL LATEST NEWS AND SPORTS CLOSING MARKETS OP) Moan* Associated Fross. OOth YEAR. No. 35,827. WASHINGTON, D. C\, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 3, 1942—FORTY-SIX PAGES. X W«»hinrtofi TUDl'T flTVTSl and Suburb* " EixN 1 •O Ftvf Cents 1 I 1 Shortages to Cut Steel Expansion Plans 30 Pd. Batt Says Industry Will Have to 'Patch And Pray' in Future By the Associated Press. The previously - planned 10 million-ton steel expansion pro gram will be cut 30 to 35 per cent, two top war production officials announced today, because of ma terial shortages. American industry in general must, prepare to "patch and pray” to keep its existing equipment at work, said William L. Batt in a press conference at which he gave a frank and unencouraging review of the country's looming shortages of steel, copper and other war ma terials. Mr. Batt is chairman of the WPB Requirements Division. He was joined at the Conference bv A. I. Henderson, newly named director of W P. B.'s Materials Division. ”X can see times ahead when a shipway may stand idle for lack of steel, and ammunition may slow down for lack of copper and brass,” Mr. Batt said. Thus far the mili tary has been able to dip into civilian supplies, he added, but "this pool is nearly dry.” Output to Exceed Estimates. Steel production in 1942 will ex ceed WPB's estimates, possibly go ing as high as 85.000.000 tons, Mr. Batt said, yet "today we do not have enough steel." Mr. Batt said that of the projected 10.000.000-ton increase over the 83. 000.000-ton 1939 capacity, which is, now being reviewed by WPB Chair man Donald Nelson, "some 65 or 70 per cent will be completed.” "At least 70 per cent and possibly more of the projected increase in pig iron capacity will be completed.” he estimated. He indicated that the high octane and synthetic rubber expansion ef forts would be fully completed, say ing, "They are so important that I think they will have to be car ried along.” rinch Tightest in Alloys. The pinch is tightest, officials said in a prepared statement, in alloy- j ing metals used to make armor plate and high-speed tool steels. A review of the metals situation was given, which showed, in brief: Nickel—"We do not have enough nickel to fill all demands. * * * The housewife will not have stainless steel kitchenware but our soldiers and sailors will have first-class weapons.” Aluminum—"Particularly tight but not as bad as it was.” Copper — "We are uncomfortably short of copper but the figures can not- be given out for military rea sons.” Manganese—Development of low grade domestic manganese now under way “will supply us with our needs.” * Chromium — "We are developing In Montana new sources from low grade ores * * * while not of a quality that will fill all our needs, will fill a number of them.” Tungsten—A broad program of domestic tungsten production, cen tering in Idaho. Utah, California and Nevada, as well as increases in Latin American production, w-ill fill much of the gap caused by stoppage of shipments from the Far East, but this metal still is "a major prob lem.” Legion Weighs Meeting Site INDIANAPOLIS. June 3 i/Pi.—The American Legion's National Exec utive Committee deferred action to day on selection of a city for the 1942 convention pending a report by a subcommittee on restriction of the number of authorized delegates. Late Races Earlier Results, Selections and Entries for Tomorrow. Page 2-X. Delaware Park THIRD RACE—Purse. $1,100; claiming 2- year-olds, ft furlongs Fresh Money (McC’bsi 10.HO ft.00 4.30 Theseus De Camillisi 8.50 H.OO Semper I'go (Wielanderi 8.1(1 Time. 1 :02a.v Also ran—Alice Blue. Ghost Hunt. Rock Knight. Kanlasi. Wade Dale. Create, Very Quaint. Cheater. FOURTH RACE—Purse. $1,200: claim ing 4-year-olds andu pward; H furlongs. Ferocity (McCombs) 11.80 H HO 4.on Gentle Savage (Shufeltl 18.20 0.00 Fogoso (Shelhamer) H.30 Time. 113 2-ft. Also ran—Alpine Lad, Croissant. Lan ceron. Little Bolo. Neutrality. Sack. Wise Timmie. Migration. Belmont Park SIXTH RACE—Purse. *2.500: allow ances. 3-year-olds: 1 l-m miles Portable (Wahleri 11.40 4 «0 3 00 1 Anticlimax (Meade' 3.90 2.00 Blue Oino ' Wright i • 3.00 Time. 1:43 1-5. Also ran—Blue Pennant, Chickore and Sds re Man. Charles Town FIFTH RACE—Purse. $H00: claiming 3- year-olds and upward; H1? furlongs. Vantrysf (Wright) 7.20 4 00 2 HO ; Lena Girl (Bletzacker) 5.00 3 00 ■ Terry May (Root) 3.00 Time. l:27a» Also ran—Maesak Fred's First, Ar boreal. Parading, Paliee. Suffolk Downs FOURTH RACE—Purse *1 0O0: sDecial weights: maidens: 2-year-olds. 5 furlongs. aValdina Sol (Bierman' 3.00 2.40 2.20 Bridleour (Mascheki 4.00 3.20 Willow Run (Delarai 3._0 Time. 1 00 2-5. _ I Also ran—Rebel. Bonamo. Ma.'or Rae. His Banker. aValdina Disco and Stature. ; aVUdina Farms entry. House Votes War Against 3 Axis Satellites Bulgaria, Hungary, Rumania New Foes; Senate Acts Tomorrow By thf Associated Press. The House of Representatives voted this afternoon, without a voice being raised in opposition, to add Bulgaria, Hungary and Rumania to the list of countries with which the United States is at war. The resolutions declaring war will be acted on tomorrow by the Senate, which was in recess today. There was no debate or discussion as the resolutions were rapidly dis posed of in as routine a manner as if they had been minor bills. In sharp contrast to the somber atmosphere that prevailed when three previous declarations were voted—against Japan. Germany and i Italy—the House was almost gay as I it went about the work of officially ' labeling the three Axis satellites | Uncle Sam s enemies. Scene Is Informal. Members talked and milled around and there was so much confusion in that respect that the clerk had dif ficulty at times hearing roll call re sponses. Speaker Rayburn announced the results as 357 to 0 on the Bulgarian resolution. 360 to 0 on the Hungarian and 361 to 0 on the Rumanian. The resolutions were considered in that order. No one voted "present.” That left the House with a record of only one dissenting vote on six war declarations. Miss Jeannette Rankin, Republican, of Vermont, voted “no” on the Japanese declara tion and "present” on the declara tions against Germany and Italy Her secretary said she was out of town today. President. Roosevelt recommended yesterday that Congress recognize officially a state of war between the United States and the three Balkan nations. Text of Declaration. Today's resolutions, differing only with respect to naming the countries separately, read: “Declaring that a state of war ex ists between the Government of Bulgaria and the Government and the people of the United States and making provisions to prosecute the same. "Whereas the government of Bul garia has formally declared war against the Government and the people of the United States of America, therefore, be it “Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Con gress assembled, that the state of war between the United States and the government of Bulgaria which has thus been thrust upon the United States is hereby formally declaied. and the President is hereby authorized and directed to employ the entire naval and mili tary forces of the United States and the resources of the Govern ment to carry on war against the government of Bulgaria; and, to bring the conflict to a successful termination, all of the resources of the country are hereby pledged by the Congress of the United States.” Prompt Action Expected. That the Senate would give its approval to the President's recom mendation as soon as it reconvenes tomorrow was indicated by com ments from members. Typical of these was the remark of Senator Nye. Republican, of North Dakota that “when others declare war on us, there is no other answer. We must clear the decks for later military and political action." A formal declaration against the three nations which have been aid ing the Axis was seen by Senator Johnson. Democrat, of Colorado as being of “some benefit to Russia” and beneficial to United States relations w’ith Turkey. Major League Games AMERICAN LEAGUE. At New York— Chicago .... 000 001 000- 1 8 0 New York... 103 000 00»— 4 10 0 Batteries—Dietrich and Treab: Bonham and W. Dickey. At Philadelphia— Detroit_ 010 000 00 — Philadelphia 100 030 «» — Batteries—White. Goraica and Tebbetts; Knott and Warner. St. Louis at Washington—Night. Cleveland at Boston—Postponed. NATIONAL LEAGUE. At Chicago New York... 10 — Chicago_4 — Batteries—Sunkel. McGee and Dannina; Passean and MeCulionah. Philadelphia at Cincinnati—Night. Brooklyn at Pittsburgh—Night. Today's Home Runs American. Higgins, Detroit, 2d inning. J. Di Maggio. New York, 3d inning. Kuhel, Chicago, 6th inning. National. Russell, Chicago, 1st inning. BAD NAUHEIM. G E R M A N Y . —AMERICANS’ “GARDEN OF FREEDOM”—This small garden, measuring about 150 feet long and only a few feet wide, behind the Grand Hotel Jeschke and next to the Usa River, was the only place where United States internees could move about outside the hotel without having a Gestapo guard on duty. They spent many hours here during their five months’ internment before being released on an ex change basis. Standing in center of picture, hands in pockets, are Edwin Shanke and Ernest G. Fischer of the former Associat ed Press staff in Berlin. Masked Bandit Slain Attempting Holdup Of Big Chicago Bank Two Guards Wounded As Guns Blaze in Continental Illinois By the As*oci»ted Pres*. „ CHICAGO. June 3—A white masked gunman as grotesquely garbed as a clown was shot dead today and two guards were wounded in a brazen daylight attempt to rob the Continental Illinois National Bank <te Trust Co., fifth largest bank in the Nation. Hundreds of patrons witnessed the1 heavy gunplay in the high-vaulted marble lobby of the bank, situated in the La Salle street financial dis trict. It was a foredoomed attempt, the first in the long history of the Continental, which employs a hun dred guards, all excellent marksmen The slain man carried a draft card bearing the name Harry Karstens, 44, and showing that he registered i last February in Wasco. Oreg. Other papers he carried bore a Kansas City. Mo., address. Guard Not Critically Hurt. The readv-fingered guards were Thomas Lyons, shot in the left side of neck, and John Whelan, wounded in the right jaw. shoulder and back. Mr. Lyons’ condition was not re garded as critical. Witnesses agreed the gunman made an eerie appearance as he stalked into the bank. A white stocking cap. slitted for the eyes, covered his face: white gloves covered his hands; from his neck was strung an overnight bag; underneath his long topcoat was a hunter's coat. Valise and pockets were stuffed with 150 shells and bullets. His weapons were a shot gun tucked under his arm, pistol and a knife. When the mask was removed after the man's death his face appeared to be heavily powdered. Guards sprang to action when the strange figure appeared. President James R. Leavell said the bank sometimes carried as much as $2, 000,000 in cash “in various places,’’ i and that the wicket which the gun man approached usually carried from $20,000 to $75,000. Unagreed on Details. Witnesses could not agree on exact details of the shooting, but it ap peared that one guard sighted the gunman and approached him. Aim ing his shotgun at the guard's vest the gunman commanded: “Drop your gun.” • The guard half drew it from the holster, then jammed it back and retorted. “I won’t.” From the gunman's rear a second (See ROBBERY, Page 2-X.) Two Destroyers Launched At Boston Navy Yard Bj the Associated Press. BOSTON. June 3 —Ten minutes ! apart, the destroyers Charrette and Hudson were launched on the after | noon tide today at the Boston Navy Yard. The trim vessels were named for the late Lt. George Charrette, one of a group of Navy men who blocked the escape of Spanish ships by scut tling the U. S. S. Mertimac across the harbor at Santiago, Cuba, in the Spanish-American War, and the late Capt. William Levereth Hud son, U. S. N. Mrs. Nadeja Pronita Charrette of Lowell, Mass., christened the de stroyer which honors her late hus , band, and Mrs. Hgnry H. Hough of I Washington, wife of a retired rear admiral, christened the Hudson. Mary Ann Kullmer (left), American concert violinist who was temporarily with the United States military atache’s staff in Berlin, and Rosemarie Lochner. an employe of the State Depart ment in Berlin, shown in their room at Bad Nauheim, shortly before they and other internees were freed to go to Lisbon and return to the United States aboard the exchange ship Drottning liolm. The tea on the table was not an ersatz product but was brought in by the American commissary. Miss Lochner is the daughter of Louis P. Lochner, former head of the Associated Press Berlin bureau. —A. P. Photos. Late News Bulletins Italian Official Slain in Croatia BERLIN (From German Broadcasts i (4\—.An important Italian ^official at Ljubljana, Croatia, has been lured into an ambush in woods near the city and killed, a Milan (Italyl newspaper reported today. He was identified as the chief aide of the Italian Fascist leader in the district. Pepco Stock Sale Approved By a 2-to-l vote, the Public Utilities Commission late today granted the application of the Potomac Electric Power Co. to sell 30.000 shares of its common stock to its holding com pany, the Washington Railway & Electric Co., at $100 a share, without competitive bidding, thereby raising again the issue of the control over these concerns by the giant North American Co. Chairman Gregory Hankin opposed the application. Five Believed Dead in Bomber Crash MOBILE. Ala. —A medium Army bomber crashed near Chickasaw, 6 miles north of here, today. An explosion and fire followed. Army officials at Brookley Field here said the ship was from Key Field, Meridian, Miss., and that its crew of five presumably was killed. Mexican Arms Blast Kills Two, Injures Nine MEXICO CITY OP).—An army lieutenant and the com mander of the capital’s fire force were killed today and at least nine persons were injured in a heavy explosion and fire at a government munitions factory. Cause of the blast was not immediately determined. Federal soldiers were among those reported injured. Madagascar Capital Bombed, French Say LONDON —The Paris radio reported today from Mad agascar that British planes had bombed Tananarive, the island capital, and the town of Matanga. Big Navy Supply Bill Passes House The House today passed a $2,797,499,740 supply measure for the Navy. It included $150,000,000 for aviation plant facil ities, $887,500,000 for additional submarine tonnage and $1, 115,000,000 for 500,000 tons of auxiliary vessels. (Earlier Story on Page A-l.) Independent Offices Bill Held Up Conferees failed to reach an agreement today on the $2,126,042,890 independent offices appropriation bill, sending the measure back to the House for a vote on a Senate amend ment stripping the Tennessee Valley Authority of its revolv ing fund. Japs Report Thrust West From Canton TOKIO (From Japanese Broadcasts) <JP). — A dispatch from China to the newspaper Nichi Nichi said a column of marines hatf* thrust westward from Canton and captured Samshui, an Important trading center 25 miles from Canton. r Captain Reveals Japs Sank 18 Ships in Day In Bay oi Bengal Cruisers' Guns Sent Six, including U. S. Craft, to Bottom in 40 Minutes By the Associated Preu. NORFOLK. Va , June 3 —Cor nering six Allied nations cargo ships in a part of the Bay of Bengal April three Japanese cruisers shelled the entire group to the bottom in 40 minutes and sank another nearby, the master of one of the vessels told news men on his arrival at Norfolk. The seven sinkings were confirmed by the Navy today while the skipper, Capt. Ragnar Eklund of Sunnvside. Long Island, told of an even greater i toll in the bay. i "The Japs sank 18 or 20 ships in the Bay of Bengal that day—cleaned out every ship in the bay," said Capt. Eklund. He was the master of the ; lone American freighter in the group of six. Ships Fire Deck Guns. Four of the merchantmen were armed and three of them fired their deck guns at the enemy warships, but scored no hits. Capt. Eklund related. The Japanese cruisers at j tacked their prey at close range. A British bombing plane appeared about an hour after the attack and set one of the Japanese ships afire. Capt. Eklund said. He added that shortly before the cruisers opened fire, a Japanese plane had at j tacked two other merchant ships in the bay with machine guns. Capt. Eklund estimated that some ; 150 seamen perished in the sinking j of the six ships in the convoy, and a Norwegian vessel nearby, which also was shelled. About 350 survivors of the seven • See BENGAL, Page 2-X.) ~ Cultists Picket Jail Here In Draft Arrests Protest A group of more than 15 colored persons claiming to be Moslems were picketing the District Jail today, ! where several members of the faith I were being held for failure to reg ! ister under the Selective Service Act. It was said at the jail that the group, which wanted to be locked up along with the other members, were ! "respectful and orderly." It was ex plained to the group that they could not be locked up without a court commitment order. Latest word from the jail, how ever, was that the group decided to continue the picketing. Markets at a Glance NEW YORK (/Pi.—Stocks irreg ular; some specialties advance. Bonds steady; some rails im prove. Cotton weak: New Or leans selling and liquidation. C HI C A G O.—Wheat higher; mill and professional trade pur chases. Com lower; upset by weakness of cotton, lard, hogs. Hogs very slow; 10-15 lower; top, $14.35; large supplies this week. Cattle, steers, yearlings steady to 25 down; bulls strong to 15 higher. GUIDE FOR READERS Amusements, A-15 Comics B-22-23 Editorial .. A-10 Editorial Articles . A-11 Finance A-18 Legal Notices. B-21 Lost, Found A-3 Obituary .. A-12 Radio.B-22 Society _B-3 Sports . A-18-17 Where to Go B-8 Woman’s Page.A-14 Damage Not Known In Assault on Navy's Aleutian Island Post By CLAUDE A. MAHONEY. Dutch Harbor, Alaska, a United States naval base, was attacked by four Japanese bombers and about 15 fighter planes early today, the Navy announced. The attack, occurring at 6 a.m., Alaska time, lasted about 15 minutes, the Navy said in a short com munique. This is the first attack on Alaska by the Japanese since the war began, although submarine activity was reported in the vicinity early during the hostilities. It was about noon, Eastern War Time, when the attack was made. For several years the Navy has had a base under con struction at Dutch Harbor as a protection against possible attacks on the territory. The Navy said no further details are available at this time and, in the same short communique, added that there is nothing to report from other areas. At Eastern End of Aleutians. Dutch Harbor is on Unimak Island at the eastern tip of the Aleutian Islands and is approximately 2.500 miles from Yokahama. No details have ever been given as to the exact fortifications the United States maintains at Dutch Habor. There are other United States naval bases at Sitka and Kodiak. The United States for a number of years has expected that Alaska would be one of the points attacked should a war theater develop off the west coast of the United States. The harbor is on the west side of Iliuliuk Bay. with its entrance between Spithead and Rocky Point. The water is deep close to the shores and in all parts of the harbor, except just off Rocky Point. The Navy, in warning its own vessels regarding approach to the harbor, has in the past ordered them to drop anchor well off-shore and thus prepare to get in at once in case of an onshore wind. While it is not known whether the Japanese attack came completely or at all from carriers, it was presumed that the Japanese, through long fishing and trading activities, were familiar with the area. Mussolini Reported To Have Gone to Front in Libya By the Associated Pres*. NEW YORK. June 3-The British radio said today its ob server on the Libyan front had reported "there is good reason to believe that Premier Musso lini may have gone to Libya.” B. B C. added the observer said there was information in the desert that Mussolini "is there to see his armies and in spect the forward areas.” C. B. S. heard the broadcast. RAF Planes Stream Over Channel for Raid (Earlier Raids Story on Page A-l.) By the Associated Press. FOLKESTONE. England. June 3 i —A long stream of RAF fighters and bombers swept over the Chan nel toward Occupied France today and heavy explosions heard from near Boulogne indicated a bombing attack. The Air Ministry News Service , said more than 200 Spitfires and some Hurricane bombers were in a , raiding group which bombed a rail road at Le Treport. France, from a i height of 50 feet while the Spitfires | tried vainly to engage German i planes in action near Abbeville. Purdue Eleven to Meet Soldier, Sailor Gridders , By tht Associsted Press. LAFAYETTE. Ind.. June 3.—Pur due's 10-game 1942 football schedule was completed today with the scheduling of a Thanksgiving Day tilt with the Camp Shelby team at Hattiesburg, Miss. The Boilermakers also will play the Great Lakes Naval Training Station eleven. The game will be played here. The card: September 26. Fordham here: Oc tober 3, Vanderbilt at Nashville, Tenn.: October 10. North western at Evanston: October 17, Ohio State at Columbus. Ohio: October 24. Wis consin here: October 31. Iowa at Iowa City; November 7. Great Lakes here; November 14. Michigan State at East Lansing; November 21. In diana here; November 26, Camp Shelby at Hattiesburg. Mis. Only a few days ago. Secretary of War Stimson warned the Na tion that Japanese attacks on the West Coast were inevitable because the Japanese would have to attempt to save face by mak ing as complete replies as pos sible to the Tokio bombardment. The House was told in December by Delegate Dimond of Alaska that an air and submarine base were being constructed at Dutch Harbor which is located at Unalaska Island, one of the largest of the Aleutian chain, which project 1.000 miles westward from the Alaskan Penin sula. The eastern tip of the Aleutians extend within about 750 miles of Japan's Northern Kurile Islands. Since the mid-1930s these islands have been closed to white men. but it is believed that the Japanese have established plane bases and naval facilities there. Unalaska is about 2.000 miles from San Francisco and the same dis tance from Honolulu. Although the Navy had not given any account of our defenses or stores set up at Dutch Harbor within re cent years, an announcement to friendly shippers in 1938 said there was a fuel oil storage of 40.000 bar rels and a Diesel oil storage of 7.500 barrels maintained at the point bv the Alaska Commercial Co. Gasoline and coal storage also were main tained. Mexican Naval Personnel Ordered to Stand Ready By the Associated Press. MEXICO CITY, June 3—All Mexican naval personnel was or dered today to stand by for a call to duty at any hour, while peasants living along the nation's sparsely settled coastlines were instructed to be on the alert against any suspicious activity. The country's second day at war also found the government arms plant working at full capacity, a continued roundup by police of all Axis nationals and further arrests of persons charged with spreading anti-war propaganda. Meanwhile the nation awaited to nights radio address by President Manuel Avila Camacho. Scheduled for 9 pm. (11 pm.. E. W. T >. he will outline Mexico's role as a bel I ligerent. Five Charged With Adulteration Of Extracts for Service Posts By thf- Associated Press. NEW YORK, June 3— A Federal grand jury charged in five indict ments returned today that five in dividuals and a corporation con spired to ship adulterated and sub standard flavoring extracts and cocoa to Army and Navy stations throughout the country in 1940 and 1941. The indictments, following an investigation by the rood and Drug Administration and United States Attorney Mathias Correa, charged that civilian employes of the Army and Navy received bribes for pass ing the products as standard. The defendants are accused in numerous counts with shipping adul 1 terated and misbranded products in interstate commerce, conspiracy and conspiracy to defraud the Gov ernment by obtaining payments on fraudulent claims. Named in the indictments were the Plantation Extract Corp.. New York; Leon Juster, officer and part owner; Albert Lind of Brooklyn, another officer and partner of Jus ter; Abraham Albart Hochman, a Brooklyn chemist, in charge of a testing laboratory at the Brooklyn Army Base; Thomas Galvin, Rye, R Y., an inspector employed at the Naval Clothing Depot, Brooklyn, and Arthur C. Herbert, New Ro chelle N. Y., formerly the nominal president of the Plantation com pany, who left a small-salaried job with the concern to manufacture and sell extracts of his own.