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With Sunday Morning Edition. THEODORE W. NOYES, Editor, ' W A SHINGT O N, D. C. THURSDAY__June 4, 1942 The Eveninf Star Newspaper Company. Main Office: 11th St. and Pennsylvania Ave. New York Office 110 East 42nd St Chicago Office: 435 North Michigan Ave. Delivered by Carrier—City and Suburban. Regular Edition. livening and Sunday. 16c per mo. or 18c per week The Evening Star,. 45c per mo. or 10c per week The Sunday Star _10c per copy Night Final Edition. Night Final and Sunday Siar__ S5c per month Night Pinal Star __ Hoc per month Collections made at the end of each month or egch week. Orders may be gent by mail or tele phone National 6000. Rat«s by Mail—Payable in Advance. Maryland and Virginia. Daily and Sunday, Evening, Sunday. 1 year_fio.oo $0110 $500 8 months_ #5.00 $3.00 $2.50 1 month 86c 66c 60c Elsewhere in United States. 1 year $12.00 $8.00 $5.00 8 monthi_ $0.00 $4.00 $2 50 1 month . _ $1.00 Toe 50c Entered aa second-class matter post office, Washington, D. C. Member of the Associated Press. The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for republication of all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited in this paper and also the local news published herein. All rights of publication of special dispatches herein alio are reserved. Dutch Harbor Raids Until more details of the two Japa nese bombing raids on Dutch Harbor are known It Is difficult to appraise them militarily. They may be little more than face-saving ventures of the type presumably envisioned by Secretary of War Stimson when he warned recently of the imminent threat of attack on the Pacific Coast. On the other hand, it is not Incon ceivable that they are the opening feelers of a more intensive drive having for its ultimate objective the neutralizing of America's Aleutian “pistol,” aimed at Japan. Whatever the real purpose of the Alaskan attack, it is certain that it will have a salutary psychological efTect on the Japanese people, who undoubtedly were disillusioned by the Doolittle raid on Tokio and other Nipponese cities. The American medium bombers which participated in that raid evidently traveled a long distance from some land base, but the Japanese attack must have been launched from carriers, since fighter planes escorted the bombers. Dutch Harbor Is 2,500 miles from Tokio, but the Japanese may fiave bases In the Kurile Islands within less than a thousand miles of the Aleutian chain. The Aleutians long have been recognized by military authorities as a potential two-way Invasion path way between the American Continent and Asia. It was not wholly because of an Interest In salmon that Japa nese fishing fleets made repeated excursions into Alaskan waters in recent years. Undoubtedly many important anchorage spots and pos sible land bases were scrutinized and photographed during these expedi tions. Moreover, as Lieutenant Gen eral Henry H. Arnold pointed out In an article in the National Geographic Magazine in 1940. “walking parties” of Germans and Japanese have spent much time exploring the Alaskan approaches. It was not until the fall of 1940 that real development of the Dutch Harbor sea and air base began. How far this work has progressed is a military secret. The purpose of this base and others In Alaska was, at the outset, primarily defensive. Since Pearl Harbor, however, our naval and military experts probably have been looking forward to their use as step ping stones to Tokio. It Is likely, therefore, that Japan would run great risks to destroy these stepping stones. Further attacks on the Aleu tians and even on the mainland therefore may be In the offing. CCC Appropriation The action of the House Appropri ations Committee in eliminating all Civilian Conservation Corps funds from the pending labor-security supply bill cannot fairly be regarded as a reflection on the record of this outstanding work-relief agency. As a matter of fact, of all the early New Deal alphabetical creations, none has been subjected to less criticism than the CCC. It has stood the test of numerous inquiries since it first saw the light of day back in the spring of 1933. In that era of “hun ger" and other marches of a vast army of unemployed, the CCC camps became a refuge for young men willing to perform healthful manual labor In. return for food, shelter and a small stipend to send back home’. The CCC boys did rot have time for boondoggling. They hewed and dug roads in our forests, planted new growth, fought forest fires and did other useful development and conservation work. Essentially a relief project, how ever, it was but natural that as em ployment increased, the corps would shrink in size. Thus, from an all time high of 2.652 camps and 520.000 enrollees in 1935, the CCC has dwindled to some 400 camps and 75.000 enrollees—and the $75,818,000 sought in the bill called for a further reduction to 350 camps. Since Pearl Harbor the organization has been assisting in the clearing of military reservations, the building of obstacle courses and similar tasks for the Army. With the increased danger of forest fires this summer, due to the threat of sabotage, CCC officials had planned an intensified fire-pro tection program. More than 50 per cent of the enrollees are under eighteen, and therefore will not be subject to the draft for two years, unless the age limit is lowered in the meantime. Surprisingly, the House Committee «howed more consideration for the National Youth Administration than for the CCC, although the NY A has been subjected to bitter attacks by economy advocates. The NYA ap propriation was reduced to about a third of the approximately $150, 000.000 appropriated last year, and the agency was restricted to Indus trial training related to war work. Since the CCC also is confining Itself to projects related to defense, it is hard to see the logic of the com mittee’s selective type of economy. Friends of the CCC may be expected to put up a strong'fight on the floor of the House for continuance of the CCC’s wartime activities. What Next in Russia? A strange quiet has descended upon the eastern front. From the Arctic to the Black Sea, Russian and Ger man communiques agree that there is nothing toTeport. Both also agree that the great battle of Kharkov is over, though they continue to dis agree violently on its outcome and meaning. Moscow claims that Timo shenko’s sudden blow forestalled a German offensive at Rostov and the Caucasus, and that the regrouping of German reserves to meet his thrust has upset ,he Germar time table. Therefore, Moscow regards this as a victory even though it ad mits considerable losses. Berlin, on the other hand, asserts that enor mous Russian losses in men and materials make it a German victory. Meanwhile, the days are passing, the Ukrainian terrain is dry, and the Moscow region is probably fit for mechanized warfare, yet large-scale fighting has not spread along the eastern front. What is Hitler wait ing for? That is a military secret presumably known only to his “in tuition,” yet an interesting explana tion has been vouchsafed us by Louis P. Lochner, veteran chief of the Associated Press Berlin Bureau, in the news article written by him on landing in New York from the diplo matic argosy Drottningholm. Mr. Lochner, a correspondent of knowledge and Insight, says that, just before he sailed from Lisbon, he obtained information regarding Ger man staff preparations ‘‘from a Ger man source so well in the know of things that I cannot doubt its verac ity.” According to this informant, Hitler is ‘‘willing to put all his eggs in one basket and concentrate on this one military problem” by start ing an all-out offensive on Russia some time in June—possibly even as late as July. This Russian offensive will be combined with a march through Turkey and Iran, perhaps with the assent of the Turkish gov ernment, overawed by German mili tary might. Thus, the twofold drive would take the form of a gigantic pincers movement. And Mr. Loch ner's German informant boasted that, for the operation, “we have a whole bag of new tricks.” Mr. Lochner intimates that the only way to ‘‘spoil Hitler's game” is by quickly setting up a real second front in Western Europe, thereby compelling the Fuehrer to draw off large ground and air forces from the eastern front. It may well be that this is the reason for the sudden unleashing of Britain's unprece dented air offensive over Germany, coupled with positive assertions by British and American Army heads that an Anglo-American invasion of the Continent is imminent. Such j smashing blows as those inflicted on Cologne and Essen may not only dis rupt German war industry and com munications but also so damage popular morale that Hitler may be forced to try and meet the chal lenge, thereby gravely handicapping his Russian offensive. At any rate, the ‘‘war of nerves” is entering an intense stage. Hitler knows that, once he is fully committed to an all out Russian offensive, he must go on with it, no matter what happens in the West. Perhaps the British air blitz makes him hesitate on the brink. At any rate, time will soon tell. ——————— Pay Bill Hearing An important development in con nection with the Federal employe pay hearing before the House Civil Service Committee is the emphasis that Is being placed on the likeli hood of using the proposed overtime legislation to lengthen the work week in the departmental service and cut down on personnel. Chair man Ramspeck and other members of the committee have indicated their belief that this should be done, and representatives of the Civil Service Commission and Budget Bureau who have testified at the hearing are in emphatic agreement on the desirability, and, in fact, the necessity for such a step. About 90 per cent of the depart mental service now is on a forty four-hour week, and there is a feel ing that the tendency would be to establish generally a forty-eight hour week—War and Navy are on that basis—if the bill to pay time and one-half for hours in excess of forty is passed. In some cases, this would produce a surplus of person nel available for transfer to war functions. In others, it would elim inate the necessity for hiring extra help. To proceed along this line “is the only kind of policy that makes good sense,” Commissioner Arthur S. Flemming of the Civil Service Com mission told the committee. Edgar B. Young, Budget Bureau personnel officer, pointed to the dwindling supply of civilian manpower and said he did not believe the Govern ment could continue to, operate on a forty-four-hour basis. While doubt is expressed that the forty-eight-hour week is feasible throughout the entire service, it seems certain that it could be estab lished over a sufficiently broad area to have telling effect on the person nel picture. The Government will end the fiscal year with more than 250,000 employes here, and forecasts for the next year are that 50,000 ihore will be needed. Getting this added manpower and providing housing and office space pose prob lems too well recognized to require comment. Some of the gain likely will be offset by decentralization, but the trouble that already has been encountered in other cities in caring for the few thousand workers moved out of here demonstrates that scattering people over the country is no answer to that phase. If the overtime bill becomes law it is to be hoped that fullest advan tage will be taken of it to help the personnel situation. Good Example In moving to slash red tape and to eliminate non-essential jobs and functions with a view to speeding up the war program, the Navy Depart ment has set a good example for other Federal departments and espe cially for the multitude of newer agencies which have sprung up in the past several years. Spurred by edicts from Secretary of the Navy Knox, Assistant Secretary Bard and Admiral Ernest J. King, the Navy ashore and afloat is stripping for action administratively as well as tactically. Recognizing that the tempo of modern warfare does not permit of the laborious “paper work” which has been a traditional part of naval routine, bureau chiefs and other administrative officials have been instructed to cut down on corre spondence. reports and memoranda. Admiral King estimates that 50 per cent of the typewriters and du plicating machines used by the oper ating forces can be done away with. Most important of all, the chiefs have been directed to make every effort to dispense with clerks or other employes engaged in "unnec essary” work, thus releasing them for jobs which are essential to the war effort. A recent experiment in personnel retrenchment has con vinced Secretary Knox that further consolidations can be made in the interest of governmental economy and efficiency. To give the retrench ment movement added Impetus, Secretary Knox wisely-stressed that civilian supervisors who diligently carry out this program will be given special consideration for promotion. This promise is important, for it has been the custom of many bureau and section chiefs in the Govern ment departments to build them selves up by building up their units. The theory underlying this infla tionary process was that the bigger the unit, the bigger the supervisory job and, hence, the bigger the title and salary thaf should go with it. Now the formula is to be reversed, with rewards for the boss who saves time, equipment and personnel. Why not extend this policy to all branches of the Federal establishment? Shakespeare in Camp If British soldiers appreciate the plays of William Shakespeare, It Is but logical to expect their American comrades also to enjoy them. What ever lingering doubt there may have been on the subject in any skeptic’s mind certainly now may be resolved without further hesitation. The production of ’’Macbeth” at Fort George G. Meade was a success which deserves to be described as “sensational." Any lover of classic drama who read Carter Brooke Jones' review of the performance in yesterday's editions of The Star must have envied Maurice Evans and Judith Anderson the happiness they had earned by their “experiment.” They are actors fully qualified for such work, and so long as they live they never will forget how their Army audience responded to their effort. Such incidents, of course, are pro foundly encouraging to thoughtful citizens who care about the survival of great art in the world. Shake speare truly was "not of an age," yet it would be a pity If he were to be immortal only among scholars. Dur ing his own lifetime he was one of the people, abundantly popular with them, richly rewarded by them for his services to them. He wrote for “the groundlings,” as well as for lords and ladies—and gloried in the circumstance. The spectators at the Globe and Blackfriars when "Mac beth” was offered included veterans of the wars with Spain. Modern military playgoers are as well-prepared to comprehend the narrative of Duncan's death and the retribution exacted for "the bloody business” at Inverness. Shakespeare nobly interpreted in camp differs not a wit from Shakespeare similarly honored in a strictly civilian com munity. What was demonstrated at Fort Meade on Tuesday evening was the universality of the appeal of a fine artistic achievement and the natural reaction of gratitude on the part of listeners constituting a “cross section” of the population of the United States._ Remember when President Hoover spoke of two chickens in every pot and two cars in every garage? It looks as if soon the latter would eventuate, meaning the automobile of the garage owner plus the one he is kind enough to take off the street for a garageless neighbor. Who remembers when the Prince ton boys got up that gag organiza tion entitled "Veterans of Future Wars,” and demanded their bonus in advance, and how the public chuckled and how Congress fulmi nated? Mussolini may be distinctly the underdog to Hitler but, by golly, he is prepared to show the world that he will not let Adolf outdo him as a pre-eminent purger. Of Stah, Men And Atoms Notebook of Science Progress In Laboratory, Field And Study By Thomas R. Henry. A "remembering machine,” which seems to duplicate mechanically one ol the most inexplicable abilities of the mind, has been constructed by General Electric Co. engineers. With more than 1,000 intricate parts, it is able to remember indefinitely or— a function which some psychologists say the human brain lacks—forget com pletely what it has once remembered. The mechanism seems to constitute one more step toward the complete elec trical brain for the steel and copper man. Already such "brains’’ can per form intricate mathematical calcula tions beyond the capacity of the average man. But nobody yet has proposed a way to endow such a robot with an elec trical will of its own. Practical uses of an electrical memory still are vague, but when they are found, says the inventor, J. E. Hancock of the General Electrical staff, the machine probably can be greatly simplified. The mechanism looas nxe a large, table model radio receiver. The front panel displays a row of four push but tons and four lights, in addition to vari ous switches. The operator pushes the four buttons in any order he chooses. Each time one is pushed a correspond ing lamp flashes. Then when a fifth button on one side is pushed the lamps flash ag^in in the same order as when the numbered buttons were pushed. This order will be repeated every time the fifth button is pressed or, if a switch is set, it will be repeated auto matically over and over again. But if the row of four buttons are pressed in another order, this new sequence is im pressed on the device and repeated thereafter. The machine remembers the last four impulses given it. “With one setting,” says Mr Han cock's report on the device, "it will remember these indefinitely, or else it can be set for a short memory. Then, 11 seconds after the last time it was asked to repeat the sequence by press ing the fifth button, it forgets one of the items, a few seconds later another, then another, and finally the last. After this a little electric sign flashes the words, ‘I forgot.' Still another switch setting makes it forget all four at once. "The memory machine makes use of selector relays, similar to those employed in automatic telephone exchanges far picking up the calling line. Each relay consists of a group of little arms which sweep around in a circle, step by step, making a different contact at each point. "There are five such relays, connected as if in a circle, and four of these take up positions as instructed by pressing the buttons, while the fifth remains blank. A sixth serves as a selector, and tells each of the other relays which po sition it should take up for each push of the button. Two additional relays, and an electron tube circuit for tim ing, control the forgetting.” Mr. Hancock compared the operation of the machine to five men in a circle, each corresponding to one of the relays. There is a sixth man. like the inter locutor in an old-fashioned minstrel show, who moves around inside the circle. "As our buttons are pressed,” said Mr. Hancock, "our interlocutor moves from one man to another, giving each a num bered card, corresponding to the button which was pressed, in exchange for an old card. Now, to obtain repetition, he points with his finger around the circle, and as the men are indicated they show their cards. This corresponds to the flashing of the lights. “In forgetting, the interlocutor steps ahead one man. taking up the old card without passing out a new one. When he sweeps around the circle this time, the man in front of whom he was previ ously standing still has no card to show. Neither does the man now in back of him. Consequently only three, instead of four, show their cards. The inter locutor moves ahead again, and now only two can respond as he calls around the circle. With another step only one is left. Then one more move clears the group entirely.” Suggests Essay Contest On Reasons for War. To the Editor of The Star: Why does not some press association, newspaper or other organization spon sor a local or Nation-wide essay contest to be entitled, "Why Are We Fighting This War?" The production should be confined to the upper grades and the high school pupils. Such a competition, of course, would necesitate a tremendous amount of re search into one’s own beliefs and cur rent social, economic and political prac tices. If convinced that this were a holy war for freedom or a war for pro tection of our lives and liberties, chil dren would more fervently and ener getically enter into the business of sal vaging waste materials and doing every thing else they could to win the war. Many teachers and school officials would meet with surprises in the views that children have and they might have to re-examine their own traditional at titudes and beliefs. A discussion fermented by such an essay contest would be of value in help ing unify our citizens in an all-out effort to win the war. E. B. HENDERSON. Expresses Thanks For Club Notices. To the Editor of The Star: This is just to say that the ladies of the Petworth Woman's Club appreciate the publicity The Star has given them this past year. The club Is trying to fill a need in the community and we believe your paper recognizes that fact. It is very stimulating where a paper helps to keep the club's activities to the front and we thank you. CLARA LOUISE JOHN. Corresponding Secretary, Petworth Woman’s Club. _ Sees Social Benefit From Gas Shortage. To the Editor of The Star: The gasoline rationing system may have the effect of limiting family travel, but It has the advantage of enabling people to rediscover the authentic pleasure of staying at home occasionally. Hence, It ought not to be listed as one of the horrors of war. F. THIS AND THAT By Charles E. Traccnell. Young blue jays fall out of the nest more frequently and readily than any other bird. The squawks of the startled youngster send a thrill through the home front. Jays come flying from all directions, to see what is going on. The frantic parents fly down to the baby, feeding him with choice bits, but they have no way of getting him back into the nest. From then on. it is a question of good fortune or not, unless some human being comes to the rescue. Then the kind person finds himself in a real dilemma. * * * * Shall he keep and feed the creature himself, or shall he try to return it to the parents? The latter is the best solution, pro viding he can work up some means of assuring himself that the parents really get the child back. It is not as easy as it looks. Jays are clumsy, ir. their initial stages; they do not readily remain in any man-made Construction. Some people have the idea, a coun try superstition, that parent birds will reject a baby if it has been handled by human hands. This is not true. Parent love pre vents it. The idea probably was pro mulgated in an effort to keep boys from robbing nests. Many beliefs and super stitions have arisen for similar reasons. * * * * One of the difficulties of returning the 'alien baby to the parents is that it will fall again and very promptly from any perch on which you place it. Even if a nest is made out of a berry box. and this placed securely in the crotch of a tree, the young bird will manage to fall out in a few seconds. He cannot fly. but he is strong enough to get up to the edge. Sometimes he is killed by the fall. Mostly he begins to squall, uttering such lusty cries that the parents are apprised of his whereabouts at once. They come flying in with flashes of white. Dogs or rats, or even humans, who then are around must expect to be at tacked. Jays, for all their vigor, are not as ferocious in this respect as mocking birds. The latter will fly directly at the head or back of an animal, and at the head of a human. The blue jays seldom do this, but merely fly in the general direction of the enemy. Java are sensible birds, however, and seem to realize better than the aver age species when you are trying to help them They will fly in close and cling to the tree trunk, or even to the side of a house, while you are examining the baby to see if it is hurt. All this time the youngster is put ting up a tremendous clamor. One would not think so much noise could come from such a small crea ture. It will not peck, but will try to pull out and flutter its wings. * * * * Returning the bird to the parents is best and one may rest assured that they will hear it and find it, no mat ter where It is put. But the ease with which the babies fall out of nestfc makes it a difficult problem. Sometimes it is judged best to try to bring the bird up to the flying stage. Then a large cage, or a% screened porch, is essential. The bird is fed every hour all day long. Scraped beef, yellow of boiled egg, small bits of bread soaked in milk, crushed peanuts or ground up raisins, are poked down the bill by putting a bit on the end of a toothpick. Some times the bird will eat readily enough by itself. Water must be given by a medi cine dropper. Probably as much as a teaspoonful of food is given at each meal. Feed as much as the bird will swallow. When it can hold no more, its swallow ing reflex will cease to function. As soon as it can fly, it should be re turned to nature. One should not feel that it will suffer thereby. It snaps into nature as quickly as it spreads its wings. The probability is that its parents and the other young are still around. They will recognize it at once. Bringing up young birds by hand is not easy, and is a task which should not be undertaken lightly, nor if one has no real liking for the job. In such cases it is better to put the bird back in a tree and trust to nature. It must be remembered that nesting birds have to face these problems every spring and summer. They have no way of putting the fallen back into the nest. They must do the best they can wdth them on the ground. There they are subject to many enemies, of course. The other day we heard a great clamor in the yard, and went out to find a young jay on the ground. The parents were circling around. Two other babies, fully able to fly, were in a tree. Probably out of every nest at least one is lost. This bird flew down into the well around a basement window . To this place the parents brought food for many hours. It was interesting to watch them fly onto the rim of the hole, and then dis appear. The baby was perched on the sill below. We got him out, the next day. and put him on the platform of a swinging feeder, where he went to sleep at once, after his trial* and tribulations. The next day he was gone. We hope he got his wing power, bv that time. A little fluttering, if not exactly flying, is mighty helpful in such cases. Then the parents can guide the baby to a safe place. Letters to the Editor Discusses How to Frighten Germans Into Willingness to Surrender. To th» Editor of Thf Pt»r: The Nazis’ hideous reprisal murders, along with the rest of the Nazi "strategy of terror,” calls for nothing less than a real "counter strategy’ of terror.” We must move the Nazis by that same terror by which they live and by which (judging others by themselves* they hope to overcome the world. We know the Nazis can be stopped by threats, because Winston Churchill threatened gas against them if they used gas against the Russians—and they have not used gas. The time interval before any threat is put into effect is extremely important. It should be sufficient -to allow our threats to work their way through the German population and soften up the "home front” to the point where the Nazi leaders know full well they must heed our warnings. Such a relatively small threat as the bombing of a village for each man mur dered in reprisal would require a much longer time Interval for working on the minds of the Germans than the threat of spraying gas over the thickest popu lation areas in Germany. This latter threat could work wonders. Once we gained one point by it we could use it for gaining another point, till, at length, we could say to a Nazi Germany en circled by fear: "Cease fighting by the first of next month or prepare to see a large part of your population perish within a few days, or weeks, thereafter 1" BOLLING SOMERVILLE. Criticize* Proposal To Tip With War Stamp*. To the Editor ol The Star: Twice I have seen In your paper letters advocating that patrons of restaurants and hotels should tip with War stamps instead of coins. I believe that such letters should have been answered by Hotel and Restaurant Employes’ Union officials, for if patrons commonly would follow the policy of tipping with War stamps, the waitresses and waiters of Washington would starve. Every child knows, and I presume that C. M. E. knows it, too, that the men and women who serve your meals live on tips. They are dependent on tips as others are on wages and salaries. I do not see any reason why they should be paid with War stamps. If so, how are they to live? After all, they are human beings and have the same necessities as C. M. E. or anybody else. CRISTOBAL BORRAS. Proposes “Junk” Concerts And “Pickup” Transportation. To the Editor of The Star: Every one knows how important scrap iron, rubber, etc., are at present. It occurred to me that there are many people who perhaps have a small amount of scrap, not enough to call a junk dealer; and then there are many families where every one Is employed during the day for whom it would not be convenient to call one. Now our service bands give many con certs around town and I think It would be a good idea if we could have a series of concerts at different parks. The vari ous social agencies could be invited to have their trucks there and the people could bring their scrap and put It on the trucks. I know then an many people Letters to the Editor must hear the name and address of the writer, although the use of a pseudonym for publication is permissible. The Star reserves the right to edit all letters w>ith a view to condensation. In Washington who have not even heard our service bands, so we could combine business with pleasure. Another subject on which I would like to express an opinion is the matter of drivers picking up people. I have heard many drivers express their views on the matter and they are reluctant to do this because they would be liable for damages in case of accident. If for the duration, they could be exempt from liability, I am sure they would be glad to do their part. With a flat charge of 10 cents a passenger the driver would be helped with his expenses, it would relieve the conge|kion in buses and streetcars and I am sure the passengers would enjoy the luxury7 of riding in a car instead of in a crowded bus or streetcar. E. M. M. Supports Proposal for Reforms In Gas Rationing Procedure. To the Editor of The Star: I certainly agree with Arthur B. Crane in what he has to say about gas ra tioning. Any one who needs gas must know on an average how much he needs and he should so state—be it 100 or 200 gallons per week. The trouble with the B cards is that they did not go tar enough. Those persons who could not manage with 57 gallons for 47 days had no choice but to ask for X cards. Mr. Crane has the right idea about cars being classified according to mile age per gallon. Evrty one knows that a Cadillac does not get the same num ber of miles per gallon as a Plymouth, Rnd if tires are to be saved, why should not this be taken into consideration? License costs are based on weight or horsepower, so it would be very simple to classify cars—small, medium and large—and ration gas accordingly. With general driving we get 11 to 12 miles per gallon. On a trip into the country we get 14 miles per gallon. However, to the office from Cathedral avenue via Connecticut avenue with all the red lights and stop streets we get little more than five miles per gallon. This hardly seems possible and we could not believe it at first. We hur ried to buy a lock-cap for our gas tank, but it made no difference. No one was stealing our gas. It was the short haul with plenty of red lights. ARCHITECT. Advocates Direct Employment Of City Engineers for Economy. To the Editor of The 8tar: I have noticed in the newspapers the picture of the future bridge across the Anacostia River. It is indeed a beautiful bridge. However, it seems to me that the Dis trict of Columbia would save a great deal of money if they would hire their own engineers on a monthly basis rather than pay $42,000 to an engineering firm for the preparation of contract plans. u. r. x. Haskin's Answers To Questions By Frederic J. Haskin. A reader can get tXs esatwer to tmf question of fad try writing The ning Star Information Bureau, Fraa* eric J. Haskin. director, Washington^ T) C. Please inclose stamp for return postage, Q How many bills has President Roosevelt vetoed?—O. P. D. A. There have been 551 vetoes during the Roosevelt administration. Seven bills were passed over the President a veto. Q What Is the rarest animal in cap tivity?—H. H. A The rarest is probably the South American bush dog. This animal in habits the wet forest, is nocturnal in habit and is seldom seen. Q. How do accidents rank as a cause of death?—H. R. A. Accidents were the fifth most im portant cause of death in 1941. exceeded only by heart disease, cancer, cerebral hemorrhage, and nephritis. One out of every 14 perscns suffered a disabling in jury. Common Household Pest*— A 32-page booklet containing in formation on how to successfully fight ants, clothes moths, carpet beetles, mosquitoes, flies, ter mites, fleas, centipedes, silver fish, crickets, wasps, rats and mice. There is no need to be tormented by these pests. They can be cheaply and easily con trolled. To secure your copy of this publication inclose 10 cents in coin wrapped in this clipping and mail to The Star Informa tion Bureau. Name Address Q. What great empire was auctioned off to the highest bidder?—L. L. A. The Roman Empire. On the death of Pertinax in 193 A D , the praetorian guards offered the throne to the highest bidder. Dldius Salvius Julianus and Suipicianus bid against each other and finally the throne was knocked down to Dldius. He reigned as Roman Emperor for two months. Q Has the new bridge at Niagara Falls been completed?—S. McD. A The Rainbow Bridge at Niagara Falls was completed in October, 1941, at a cost of $4,000,000. It replaces the one wrecked by ice in January, 1938. Q Where did the custom of discard ing felt hats for straws on May 15 originate?—M. D. A The custom is believed to have originated In the New York Stock Ex change. Q What possessions does Great Brit ain own in the Mediterranean Sea0— J. J. M. A. British possessions in thp Medi terranean include Gibraltar, the Mal tese Islands and Cyprus. Q. What is the religion of Chiang Kai-shek?—A. B. F. A. After his marriage to Mavllng Soong in 1927 Chiang Kai-shek was con verted to Methodism. Q. By whom was the Constitution first printed?—S. N. M. A. John Dunlap and David Claypoole, a small firm of printers on what Is now Market street. Philadelphia, printed both | the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States. The latter first appeared on September 19, 1787. In a regular issue of their Pennsyl vania Packet and Daily Advertiser. Q Are Negro babies white when they are bom?—C. D A. Negro babies at birth are bluish white instead of pinkish white as is the case with white babies. The pigment in the skin Is the same as that of freckles and does not develop until the baby is exposed to light. Q. WTicre is the late King Alphonso XIII Of Spain burled?—O. D. H. A. King Alphonso died in Rome on February 28, 1941. The Franco govern ment granted permission for his burial in the royal mausoleum of the Escorial near Madrid. Q. W'hen was a submarine used in war for the first time?—L. McC. A In 1776 a submarine was used for war put poses for thp first time. The Turtle, an American submarine designed by David Bushnell, attempted to sink the English warship Eagle by fixing a gunpowder charge with a time fuse to the bottom of the ship, but the attempt failed. Q What is meant by a "warrant offi cer" in the Army Air Corps?—O. G. A. The Army Air Corps says that warrant officers are enlisted men who have been advanced to a special rank j because of ability and outstanding char acter. The rating is between that of master sergeant and a commissioned officer. The rating of warrant officer was created after the World War as a special one for enlisted men who had become officers on a temporary status. Heaven at Hand The sun, like some child's bright bal loon, caught fire, Has turned the whole west to a flam ing pyre. Purple smoke ribbons seem to catch and hold The valley in an unfamiliar mold. I watch the colors slowly fade and die, See tower and turret limned against the sky. From trees that but a short time since were bare Blossoms shake perfume on the warm spring air, While from a window here and there a light Shines like a jewel on the breast of night. Music comes spilling from a feath ered throat And, one by one, more singers strike the note. What heart could ask of life more perfect bliss; What far-off heaven be lovelier than this? ANNA M. PRIESTLEY.