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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 04, 1942, Image 7

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1942-06-04/ed-1/seq-7/

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Opening of New Front
Is 'Final Warning' to
China, Japan Asserts
Tokio Declares Enemy
Must End Resistance
Or Face Annihilation
By the Associated Frees.
TOKIO (from Japanese broad
casts), June 4.—Japan’s opening of
a new front in Kiangsi Province
“serves as a final warning on Chung
king to give up its meaningless re
sistance or accept the alternative of
annihilation,” a spokesman for the
Japanese expeditionary forces in
Central China declared today.
While other Japanese forces were
reported forging ahead in Chekiang
and Kwangtung Provinces, the
spokesman said a large-scale, co
ordinated offensive had been
launched in Kiangsi since “Chung
king alone (among the Asiatics), un
der a foolish misconception, is con
tinuing resistance against Japan
and selling itself to the whims of
Britain and the United States.”
No Details Given.
No details on progress of the
Kiangsi drive were announced. (The
Chinese reported the Japanese had
50,000 troops in the offensive there
apparently directed at seizing all of
the Kiangsi-Chekiang railway).
Steady progress was reported in
other parts of China.
In Chekiang, Domei said, Jap
anese spearheads had driven through
the outer defenses of Chuhsien, in
Western Chekiang, 45 miles south
west of Japanese-occupied Kinhwa,
the provincial capital.
Japanese Army bombers ranging
ahead of the troops were reported to
have carried out devastating raids
on Shangjao and Yushan, in Kiangsi
across the Chekiang border south
west of Chuhsien.
Yuantanhsu Reported Taken.
In Kwangtung Province, where
Japanese forces were driving north
and northwest of Canton, Yuantanh
su, in the central part of the
province along the railway running
into the heart of China, was occu
pied, front reports said.
Northwest of Canton, Japanese
units operating west of the Sui River
were said to have occupied Lipeiling
while the air force bombed Szewui.
Szewui is about 45 miles airline
northwest of Canton.
Libya
(Continued From First Page.)
Italian troops and some German
tanks approached the defending po
sitions at Bir Hacheim, but the at
tack “was not pressed home.’’
Supply Lines Assaulted.
“Our columns in the neighbor
hood attacked the enemy in the
rear,” the communique said, while
the RAF successfully engaged
Stuka dive bombers which assaulted
Bir Hacheim.
RAF headquarters announced
that one fighter squadron shot down
seven Junkers dive bombers in the
Bir Hacheim air battles.
Declaring it was giving maximum
support to the British land forces^
the RAF communique reported
concentrations of Axis mechanized
units south of Bir Hacheim were
“effectively bombed and machine
gunned from a low level,” and nu
merous motor transport vehicles
damaged and set on fire.
Night bombing raids also were
made against the Axis main landing
grounds at Derna and Tmimi. the
RAF said. Eight British planes
were admitted lost.
Pantelleria Raided.
British bombers, attacking Axis
objectives on a wide front in the
Mediterranean war theater, also
raided the island of Pantelleria,
midway between Sicily and the
North African coast, and Cagliari,
in Sardinia, Tuesday night, the
RAF Near East headquarters re
ported today. Details of the attacks
on the Italian bases were not given.
Strong Free French and British
forces were said to be assaulting
German supply lines which flow
around the British position at Ro
tunda Sepiali, 44 miles west of
Knightsbridge.
The Free French at Bir Hacheim
were said to be commanded by Gen.
Pierre Koenig, an Alsatian who
fought with the Foreign Legion in
the Riff warfare, helped capture
Narvik in the Norwegian campaign,
was in Brittany during the battle
of France and then joined the De
Gaulle forces in French Equatorial
Africa. Gen. Koenig was chief of
staff of the Free French forces in
the Syrian battle.
Furious Nazi Tank Assaults.
The communique made no refer
ence to the situation developing
north of Bir Hacheim, where
Marshal Rommel’s armored columns
previously had been reported at
tempting to widen a 9-mile breach
in the British line through which
the Axis leader was feeding sup
plies to his hard-pressed forces at
Tamar.
The Germans were reported to be
making furious tank assaults on
both walls of the narrow corridor
and it appeared that Marshal Rom
mel had decided to throw the full
weight of his mechanized equip
ment into a mighty effort to smash
the British line.
The British, determined to hold
their positions, concentrated a heavy
artillery bombardment on the cor
ridor from north and south, and
RAF planes blasted Axis forces mov
ing into the breach.
Fresh Troops Brought Up.
The southern wall of the gap In
the British lines was reported yes
terday to be about 12 miles north
of Bir Hacheim, around which a
German armored column swept 10
days ago in a swift encircling thrust
aimed at strategic Tobruk.
Part of this column still is en
gaged in a terrific battle with Brit
ish armored forces in the vicinity
of Knightsbridge, desert trail junc
tion 15 miles southwest of Tobruk
and some 15 or 20 miles east of the
Ain El Gazala-Bir Hacheim line.
In an effort to smash this spear
head, being supplied through the
breach in the British defenses, the
imperial command was bringing up
fresh troops, heavy artillery, anti
tank guns and tanks.
The thunder of the battle, the
most intense in more than a year
RIIG Beauty Our Duty
ciiamip amp »Tom "
Ckll Mr Pyl# ha. hit L
SANITARY CARHT b 1
KUfrCLIANINO CO. |
10* INDIANA AVI. ■
HIS MONEY GOES TO WAR—John Crowlis, fruit and candy
peddler at police headquarters for 12 years, was waiting at the
new War Bond Station at Eleventh and G streets N.W. when it
opened this morning. He bought a $100 bond, admitting it was
purchased with winnings from a numbers wager. Police officials
refused to sell him a bond at their counter yesterday, because
of “tainted money.” —Star Staff Photo.
New, Heavier Japanese Attacks
On Alaskan Defenses Expected
Yesterday's Raid May Have Some Propaganda
Value to Axis, Which Needs It Right Now
By DE WITT MACKENZIE, |
Wide World War Analyst.
Key to the significance of the
Japanese attack on our naval air
base at Dutch Harbor, up among the
fog-shrouded and inhospitable Aleu
tians, off the Alaska Peninsula, lies j
in the strength employed in the sec
ond raid and the amount of damage
done, if any—points on which we
have no information at this writing.
The first raid, with four bombers,
protected by fighter planes, was a
mild affair. If the subsequent as- ;
sault was of like kind the Japs ob- j
viously weren’t attempting a major
operation, but likely were staging a
nuisance raid for its propaganda
value at home and abroad and its
possible effect on American nerves.
It may easily have been a face
saving reprisal for our recent dev
astating raid over Japan.
In any event, Seattle gives us the
good news from Rear Admiral Free
man, commander of the 13th Naval
District at Seattle, that Dutch Har
bor wasn’t taken by surprise and was
prepared to meet the attack. That
is as might be expected in view of
the great strategic importance of
these defenses which are vital to the
protection of this northwestern ap
proach to our continent.
All-Out Drive Foreseen.
Irrespective of whether the pres
ent Jap attack was a minor opera
tion, it may be expected that sooner
or later they will make an all-out
drive against these defenses. The
position was summed up in Wash
ington by Anthony J. Dimond,
Alaskan Delegate to Congress, like
this:
“Of course, it shows good sense
and judgment on their part if they
can bust up what we are doing in
Alaska and the Aleutians. They be
lieve their greatest danger lies in
the approach to their shores which
we are going to make from Alaska.”
The danger of attack from this
region isn’t the only reason, how
ever, why the Japs are anxious to
deliver a knockout blow to Dutch
Harbor. It is quite on the cards
that they harbor ambitions to take
over this base and establish them
selves in the Aleutians as a prelim
inary to further attacks on Alaska
and the rest of the Western Coast
of the North American continent.
The Nipponese must have been
operating yesterday from an aircraft
carrier, because their nearest base is
too far away to permit of such a
raid. Still, that contained no ele
ment of surprise for the American
defense. As a matter of fact, the
only surprising thing which thus far
has appeared is that the enemy
should have struck with such light
forces at first, thereby putting
Dutch Harbor even more on the
alert. One would have expected the
Japs to have made their initial blow
a hard one.
May Have Propaganda Value.
Yesterday’s raid might have some
propaganda value to the Axis, which
can do with a bit of uplift right
now, in view of the Nazi position in
Russia and Libya and the terrific
air raids which are being staged
over Germany by the British. Also,
the face-saving aspect of the situa
tion is of mighty importance to
Tokio, since this is their first answer
in kind to Gen. Doolittle's raid over
Japan.
There is also another possible rea
son for the Dutch Harbor raid. The
Japs may have hoped that this
would result in the American au
thorities diverting defensive forces
from the West Coast to Alaskan
waters, thus giving Nippon a chance
to stage against our West Coast one
of the raids of which Secretary of
War Stimson warned us the other
day. However, it may be said that
this is rather a naive hope, since
we are scarcely likely to be tricked
that way.
Where They Are Fighting
(From the National Geographic Society)
Dutch Harbor, American Pacific
outpost bombed by the Japs yester
day, is situated on tiny Amaknak
Island in a deep inlet of the north
ern shore of much larger Unalaska
Island, one of the long chain of
Aleutians which string out in a
sweeping arc toward Japan. It is
about 2.835 air miles from Tokio on
the southwest and 2,345 miles from
San Francisco on the southeast. It
thus forms the apex for a rough
triangle which might be drawn on
the map from the three points.
From Seattle to Dutch Harbor is
about 1,900 air miles.
Dutch Harbor, which until fairly
recently was only a village with a
trading post, a fuel oil depot and a
radio naval station, received its
name because of the tradition that
it was a Dutch ship which first en
tered its bay. Russian navigators,
however, early came this way. They
knew the then busy fur-sealing
center by its native Eskimo name of
Udakta. Later the harbor became
one of the way stations for vessels
making for the gold rush regions of
the Yukon and Nome.
Dutch Harbor is a mile and three
quarters long by half a mile in
width. The water is deep near the
shores and in most parts of the
harbor. Violent gales are occasion
ally known in these waters, when
mariners are warned to look out for
williwaws (sudden gusts of cold land
air, common along mountainous
coasts of high latitudes).
and one-half of desert fighting,
could be heard for many miles.
Dispatches from the front in
dicated that more and more in
fantry was being thrown into the
struggle daily. Observers said the
British were making extensive use
of hand grenades, which had been
found highly effective against mech
anized enemy units.
The British paid high tribute to
the American-built “General Grant”
tanks, which, armed with powerful
75-millimeter guns, were said to be
more than a match for German
equipment.
The ability of the “General Grant”
to take punishment was said to be
amazing. Many were hit time and
again but suffered only minor dam
age which was quickly repaired.
British Warn French
Of RAF Raid Plans '
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, June 4—The British
radio’s European news bulletin warn
ed the French people last night that
10 specific cement works in the Pas
de Calais districtr-aU producing for
Germany—are on the RAF calling
list.
The plants listed for destruction
are at Desvres, Etaples, Neufchatel,
Boulogne, Camiers, Samer, Lumbres,
Longfosse, Dannes and Sangatte,
BBC said.
Landlord Overruled
On Rent Raise After
3 Babies Are Born
By the Associated Press.
SAN FRANCISCO, June 4.—
The stork came not once but
three times to a house on 21st
avenue, so the landlord raised
the rent from $41 to $47.50 a
month.
The parents complained to
the San Francisco Fair Rent
Committee.
The landlord countered that
when the tenants moved In six
years ago it was understood
they were to have but one child
at the $41 rental.
But the Fair Rent Committee
sustained the parents’ com
plaint and ordered the rent re
duced to its original level.
RHEUMATISM
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Phone for a Case Today
Doctors Endorse It ^miw
Write for Free Booklet MDESKjf
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Wfrter<
Extraordinary Powers
Voted Chile's President
By the Aseocltted Preu.
SANTIAGO, ChUe, June 4.—The
Chamber of Deputies last night
unanimously approved a general bill
granting President Juan Antonio
Rios extraordinary economic and
administrative powers for six months
to meet problems arising from the
war.
But the chamber still was to vote
on individual articles of the bill and
a rider calling for ratification of
the Rio de Janeiro accord which
recommends the severance of diplo
matic relations with the Axis. So
cialist and Communist Deputies
made the latter move.
The proposal, inserted in a bill
which would grant Dr. Rios extra
ordinary economic powers, would
empower him to “take the necessary
steps to break diplomatic relations
with the Axis,” although the ex
ecutive constitutionally has power
to direct foreign affairs.
Chile and Argentina are the only
two South American countries main
taining relations with the Axis, and
the President has given no indica
tion he Intends to sever them.
Dutch Harbor
(Continued From First Page.)
Canadian Air Force ordered radio
stations silenced in the British Co
lumbia coastal area.
In Seattle, Civilian Defense
leaders warned the public to check
anew on air-raid instructions and
prepare for a possible blackout,
while in Los Angeles the County
Defense Council ordered an emer
gency alert.
In Balboa, military authorities
swiftly canceled all leaves and
passes of soldiers and sailors in the
Panama Canal Zone.
While the Pacific Coast remained
calm, without a single suggestion of
hysteria, the Berlin radio asserted
that “unimaginable panic” gripped
Alaska as a result of the raids.
Radio listeners who monitor Tokio
broadcasts around the clock reported
that the Tokio radio still was silent
on Japanese air raids on the United
States base on Dutch Harbor nearly
24 hours after the first attack was
made.
Wants to Know Results.
At Seattle, Senator Wallgren,
Democrat, of Washington, who was
planning a trip to Dutch Harbor as
a member of the Senate’s Truman
Investigating Committee, asserted
that people have a right to know
how we met the attack.
“How many bombers did we down
and how many pursuit planes did
we bag?” he asked in an interview.
“Just what defense strength do we
have there that they could return
six hours after dropping their first
bombs?”
In the East, the Washington Sen
ator predicted, they will be saying
that the Japanese attack on Dutch
Harbor is only a face-saving move
on the part of Japan, a token bomb
ing.
“It’s a lot more than that. We've
got a war out here and this is the
opening foray.”
Account of Raids.
The first account of the raid was
told in three communiques issued
by the Navy yesterday:
The first, as of 4 p.m., read:
“Information has been received
that Dutch Harbor, Alaska, was at
tacked by four Japanese bombers
and 15 fighters at approximately
6 am. local time (12 noon, EWT).
The attack lasted approximately 15
minutes.”
The second, as of 6 p.m., said:
‘T. Further reports on the Jap
anese air attack at Dutch Harbor,
which took place earlier today, state
that there were but few casualties.
"2. A few warehouses were set on
fire, but no serious damage was
suffered.
“3. There is nothing to report
from other areas."
The third, as of 9 pm., said:
“1. A brief report just received in
the Navy Department states that for
the second time today enemy planes
have attacked Dutch Harbor.
“2. The second attack was made
about 12 noon, local time (6 pm.
EWT), six hours after the initial
attack.
"3. No further details are available
at this time.”
Fighters Believed From Carrier.
While it appeared the Japanese
fighters in the first raid came from
a carrier, there was a possibil
ity that the bombers came from
a land base. Dutch Harbor is
about 1,800 miles from the northern
most of the Kurile Islands, which
stretch northward from Japan
proper.
Unalaska Island, on which Dutch
Harbor is situated, is nearly 1,000
miles from the westernmost of the
Aleutians, which, in turn, is some
700 miles from the nearest of the
Japanese Kuriles.
With the Southwestern Pacific
battle relatively quiet and the bat
tle of Burma ended, officials fa
miliar with the Northern Pacific
pointed out that the Japanese have
chosen a moment for the Alaska at
tack which could mean a shift in
the direction of the war.
If the Japanese intend an attempt
to establish themselves in the Aleu
tians either for a major campaign
against the American continent or
as a defense against United Na
tions attack from the north, they
have at least another month of
good flying weather. Summer fogs
settle down on the North Pacific
islands in late July and August, and
might hamper an Allied counterof
fensive after the impetus of such
an initial Japanese drive was spent.
Work Begun in 1940.
In striking at Dutch Harbor, the
Japanese may have thought to find
a weak spot, some observers pointed
out.
Work on naval installations there,
said to include an air and a sub
marine base, has been in progress
only since the fall of 1940. Since
1922 the Japanese had insisted that
the Aleutians not be militarized.
Yet during those years the Jap
anese themselves have pushed their
fishing fleets into Aleutian waters
despite American protests and were
believed to have marked off pros
pective air bases and landing sites
in the volcanic, rocky islands. At
the same time Tokio kept foreign
eyes from the Kuriles, which were
thought to shelter substantial naval
and air stations.
Recent visitors to Dutch Harbor
have described American forces
there as expecting air raids with the
coming of good weather.
Not Most Important Base.
Dutch Harbor is not even con
sidered the most important base in
Alaska, Kodiak, about 600 miles
away on the Alaskan mainland, out
ranking it in that respect. As de
scribed by the Navy it is on the
west side of Iliuliuk Bay, the en
trance to the deep-water harbor be
tween Spithead and Rocky Point.
As of 1938 the United States Coast
Guard publication, The Pilot, listed
facilities there as including fuel oil
storage o' 40,000 barrels and Diesel
oil storage of 7,500 barrels, both
maintained by the Alaska Com
mercial Co.
Naval^ officials said the Navy De
partment started "real development”
Dr. John J. Field
DENTIST
406 7th St. N W MEt 9256
Third Fiocr, Woolworth Building
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t A part of your own-private
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Courtesy Parking—Triangle Parking
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W*J SLOANE
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Gas Tank Overflow
Problem in Joplin
If Not in East
By the Associated Press.
JOPLIN, Mo., June 4.—Pire
Chief John B. Jones has a prob
lem that isn't bothering his
Eastern colleagues.
It’s the matter of gasoline
fires along the curbs and sewers.
“The automobile drivers go
into a filling station and have
their tanks filled to the brim.
Then they go and park on the
sunny side of the street. The
gasoline expands and overflows
into the gutter and some one
flips a cigarette into the mess.
“That’s where we come in."
of the Dutch Harbor naval station
In the fall of 1940.
Various military Installations have
been effected and barracks and other
necessary buildings for personnel
have been built. A Navy radio sta
tion also is located there.
Birthplace of Storms.
The fog-ridaen Aleutians have
long been known as the birthplace
of North Fc.ciflc storms.
Last summer Unalaska Island was
proclaimed a naval defense sea area,
into which no private vessels of any
nationality could enter without a
permit. The Army established Fort
Mears on Unalaska Island. The
Dutch Harbor naval air station was
commissioned September 1, 1941,
with Comdr. W. N. Updegraft as
station commander.
Unalaska Island is separated from
the mainland by Unimak Pass,
through which all ships bound to
Nome, Bristol Bay and other Bering
Sea and Arctic points must pass.
The shortest "great circle” route
across the Pacific from Puget Sound
to the Orient would also take ships
through the pass to travel several
hundred miles in the more protected
Bering Sea. Because charts ofcihe
outer Aleutians have not been fully
completed, few ships have taken
that route.
Jap Freighter Wrecked.
In Pacific maritime circles, how
ever, the story has been current for
years that the Japanese had such
charts and used the route. A Jap
anese freighter, whose hull and
wreckage remained several years on
rocks near Dutch Harbor, lent cre
dence to the account.
The towns of Dutch Harbor and
Unalaska are two miles apart
across an inlet. Dutch Harbor has
a fine land-locked harbor and Una
laska Harbor is also sheltered and
safe.
The grounds of Government1
quarters at Dutch Harbor have the
only trees in hundreds of miles,
transplanted there by the Coast
Guard years ago. Some have sur
vived the fierce winter weather and
grow in the highly volcanic soil.
The Aleutian Islands and most of
the Aleutian Peninsula are treeless. |
Wants Divorce, Sugar Book
KANSAS CITY (&>.—Mrs. Pearl
Faye Ashton Brown sued for di
vorce. Among her requests in the
petition: Return of her sugar ra
tion book.
It's common sense to be thrifty.
War bonds help you to save and help
to save America.
2,000 to Attend Sessions
Of Seventh-Day Adventists
Nearly 2,000 persons are expected
to attend the opening of the 10th
biennial session and annual camp
meeting of the Potomac Conference
of Seventh-Day Adventists at 8
o'clock tonight on the campus of
the Washington Missionary College,
Takoma Park, Md.
Adventist officials predicted today
that by the week end some 3,500
members of Adventist churches
throughout Virginia, the District of
Columbia and nearby Maryland
would be registered for the 10-day
meeting.
At services tonight the Rev. H. J.
Detwiler, president of the Potomac
Conference, will speak on “The Sec
ond Coming of Christ.” A song serv
ice will be held at 7:30 pm.
The program tomorrow will begin
at 6 am. with a devotional service.
A conference session is scheduled for
9:30 am.
At 11 am. the Rev. R. A. Anderson,
associate secretary of the Ministerial
Seminar of the General Conference,
will preach. Rev. W. A. Scharffen
berg, home missionary secretary of
the General Conference, is to speak
at the 3 pm. services. At 8 pm. to
morrow Rev. F. H. Robbins, presi
dent of the Columbia Union of Sev
enth-Day Adventists, will deliver the
sermon.
Robbery Is Solved
Before Report to Police
Policeman C. P. Farr today solved
a robbery of a Peoples drug store
at Eleventh and G streets N.W. be
fore the theft had been reported to
police.
Before daybreak he saw an 18
year-old colored youth walking
nearby, pockets bulging. Question
ing brought the confession the
youth had broken a front door and
robbed the store. The youth is held
in the 1st precinct.
SEWING MACHINES
NEW WHITES, DOMESTICS and USED SINGERS
We have the largest selec
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city—desk models, night ta
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treadles—all kinds of ma
chines, from the lowest to
the highest priced. Also
parts and supplies for all
makes. Get our cash prices
before you buy!
Pay Cash and Save
Call REpublie 1590
Piano Shop * 1015 7ih Si. N.W.
ECONOMY I HINTS:
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HAHN’S DOWNTOWN STORES OPEN TODAY 12:30 to 9 P.M.
(Uptown Stores Open Daily 9:30 A.M. to 9 P.M.
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M

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