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Immobilized by RAF Mass Raids on Cities Nazis' Transportation Reported Near Crisis os Result of Bombings By BLAIR BOLLES. The RAF's great offensive opera tions, which already have brought devastation to Cologne, Essen, Lu beck and Rostock, are keeping 1, 500.000 Germans fully occupied in defense work who might otherwise be engaged in offensive and pro duction operations and are also bringing Germany near a transpor tation crisis. These reports on some effects of the thundering raids by the British against the heart of the Nazis' home grounds reached here today through official channels and gave American and Allied authorities new reasons for Jubilation. The report stated also that Ger many s air task now is so great that Hitler can keep only 2,000 "front line”—the very best—planes in Rus sia. The rest of the Nazi’s 5,000 front-line planes are defending Ger many from the RAF, watching the United States-Murmansk supply line and stationed in Sicily and Libya for Mediterranean action. Nans Lose Big Advantage. Anti-aircraft gun and searchlight crews In Germany and In occupied countries along the path of the RAP to Germany absorb 600,000 men, It is estimated on the basis of intelligence reports reaching British military authorities. Ob server crops use another 20.000 men. anti-aircraft communications, 15,000; night fighter flyers and ground staffs, 20,000; supply, equip ment. and administrative staffs, 60 000 Add to those 715.000 another SOO.OOO Germans who are full-time air-raid wardens and demolition squad members, as well as 500,000 factory workers who spend part of the time they should be at their machines in the business or defend ing the plants from the worst effects of air raids. Thus the beginning of the Allied air offensive has taken from Germany one of the great advantages of the offensive opera tion—the ability to use every avail able man in the business of crush ing the enemy. A searchlight crew consists of about. 15 men. and Germany and the occupied territories are rib boned with searchlight belts. The one along the Dutch-German bor der, over which the Cologne and Essen bound RAP planes presum ably flew, is 200 miles long, varying In depth from 5 to 20 miles. The searchlights that make up those belts are arranged in groups of from 10 to 30 lights each, the group being 6 miles apart. There were 120 searchlights at Cologne before the great raid, and each other big city ha* its belt of searchlights and ack-ack. Bremen is guarded by 500 anti-aircraft guns. Tt takes from 12 to 25 men to man one of these, depending on its size. Transportation llp«rt. Constant RAF peneration of the defenses represented by these ack ack batteries and searchlight group* has so upset German transportation that the movement of coal to Italy is estimated ar half Its former ef ficiency. The Germans keep 27.000 cars and 700 locomotives assigned to the task of hauling coal to Italy, whose war industries can 111 func tion without this import. Much of the coal moves through the Cologne region, whose rail lines were left twisted and severed by the great raid. As the war has grown longer, the Germans, who two years ago had a policy of using trucks for Internal transport, have had to rely more and more on rails because they lack the gasoline needed for the truck hauling. The beginning of the heavy air offensive has brought a general Ger man nightly blackout west of the line between Lubeck and Leipzig, and that again slows down trans portation. The Nazis last week fired Wilhelm Kleinmann. state secretary of the Reich ministry of transport and deputy director general of the Reich railways, because of the dis satisfaction in exalted circles of Berlin with the transport situation. Figures suggesting the devasta tion caused German territory by the RAF, even before the super-raid on Cologne, reached here today in a memorandum from the Air Ministry saving that the total tonnage of bombs dropped by the bomber com mand in January, February and March this year was 150 per cent greater than in January, February and March last year. Some idea of what must have happened to Cologne is hinted at by the fact that in a raid of much lesser scale against Lubeck, on the night of March 28-29, the RAF closed that vit^l Baltic port by drop ping 340 tons of bombs, and then kept it closed until April 18 with a succession of even leaser raids. District Court Announces Assignments for Judges Assignments of District Court lustices during the coming summer months and for the fall term be ginning October 6 were announced yesterday. The present term ends July 1. Assignments during the summer recess are: Justices Daniel W. CDonoghue and T. Alan Goldsbor ough, July 4-19; Justices Bolitha Laws and James W. Morris, July 20 August 4; Justice David A. Pine, Au gust 5-19; Justice Matthew P. Mc Guire. August 20-September 3; Chief Justice Edward C. Eicher and Jus tices Jesse C. Adkins and P. Dick inson Letts. September 4-19, and Justices Jennings Bailey and James M. Proctor, September 20-October 5. Pall term assignments are: Justice McGurie, motions court; Justice Pine, pre-trial court and assignment justice; Chief Justice Eicher, con demnation and .non-jury civil cases; Justices Bailey. Morris and Golds borough, civil cases with jury; Jus tices ODonoghue, Oscar Luhring and Letts, non-jury civil cases, and Justices Adkins, Proctor and Laws, criminal courts. Federal Judge John Caskie Collet of the Eastern and Western districts of Missouri, yesterday began a months’ tour of duty in District Court, opening a fourth criminal branch. Court attaches said that although the criminal docket is not particu larly congested, several lengthy trials • re coming tip and • fourth court win aid greatly in keeping the cases on a current basis. Judge Collet is from Jefferson City, Mo, and was appointed to the Federal bench March 20, 1937. REINHARD HEYDRICH. Heydrich (Continued Prom First Page.) bloodshed and not disclose those connected with the shooting. ♦6 More Reported Executed. Forty-six more Czechs were re ported executed yesterday. Among the 163 thus far shot were 29 women. "There is no doubt the Gestapo has Just begun to kill.” a Czech gov ernment source said In London. "Hostage shootings will run Into the hundreds.” The names of those executed dis closed to the Czech government In London that roundups had been made not only in Prague, but In every province of Bohemia and i Moravia. The Berlin radio on May 27 an nounced that Heydrich was wounded at 1 p.m. that day on the Berlin Prague highway, within the limits of greater Prague. A reward of 10.000.000 crowns (*235.000 at the last quoted rate of exchange in May. 1941) was imme diately offered for his assassins and martial law was proclaimed in Prague. London reports said that Heinrich Himmler, Hevdrich's immediate su perior and chief of the Gestapo, flew to Prague and took personal charge of the inquiry into the shoot ing and the retaliatory moves. These reports also said three bul lets which injured Heydrich s spine were removed by a German special ist who was rushed to Prague. Heydrich Termed 'Bloodiest Of All Bloody Nazis' “The bloodiest of all the bloody Nazis.-’ That was the hated soubriquet ap plied to Heydrich by Europe s op* preseed millions. Long before assassins' bullet* cut Heydrich down the British had his , number. His was the first name on the list of Germans announced in London on October 7. 1941, for probable post-war punishment as a result of murder and oppression in German-occupied ocuntries. Sharing this list with Heydrich were Josef Terboven, German com missioner for Norway; Alexander Ernst von Faulkenhausen, German commander for Belgium, and Gen. Otto von Steulpnagel, German com mander for Prance. Went to Prague in 1941. An early convert to Nazism. Heydrich was little known to the world generally until the fall of 1941 when Hitler sent him to Prague to quell a rising tide of Czech un rest. There he succeeded the dod dering Baron Konstantin von Neu rath as “protector” of Bohemia and Moravia. What followed constitutes a terri ble page In the history of freedom loving Czechs. Hundreds were sum marily executed and the Germans announced that order had been re stored. As a rewa’d. Heydrich was raised to the rank of general in t he security police. But the fires of revolt still flared in the protectorate and more execu tions followed. In one sweeping order 90.000 Jews were uprooted and herded into a ghetto at Terezin, Bohemia. Born in Halle-on-tbe-Salle. Heydrich was bom March 7. 1904. in the industrial city of Halle-on the-Salle. where his father directed a music conservatory. A product of the turbulent period following the First World War he first aligned himself with the Ger man National Youth Organization in Halle, rising from post to post from 1918 to 1919. Then he joined up with the town's free corps, leav ing that group after a year to cast his lot with the Nazi Mutual Pro tection League and the Nazi Youth League. Joining the navy at Kiel in 1922, Heydrich won an ensign s commis sion in 1924, advanced to second lieutenant in 1926 and first lieuten KODAK RIFBRCNCI HANDBOOK OtM>Tolum* photo library. Loote-laf, water-re*iit •nt binding. $2.75 KODAK DATA KOOKS Cover every phase at ad vanced pho tography. Priced from 15* EASTMAN STORES 607 14th St. N.W. Institute Established For Inter-American Agricultural Studies Secretory Hull Lauds Venezuelan Official, Dr. Parra-Perez By HAROLD B. ROGERS. Organization of the Inter-Ameri can Institute of' Agricultural Sci ences, a continental research and experimental station with principal offices in Washington, was approved today by the governing board of the Pan American Union. The board also honored Dr. Car acciolo Parra-Perez, foreign minis ter of Venezuela, who is in this country as a guest of the United States Government. Secretary of State Hull paid high tribute to Dr. Parra-Perez in the presence of diplomatic representa tives of the 21 American, republics who constitute the governing board of the Pan American Union. Dr. Parra-Perez, who will be in Wash ington for four days, responded by saying that on all occasions Vene zuela has expressed the firm con victions and deep sentiments of continental solidarity characteristic of its people and its government. Sees victory Certain. "The war Is laborious and diffi cult,” the Foreign Minister declared. although the victory is certain. When the moment comes to repair the political, moral and material ruin which the catastrophe will leave. America must stand prepared not only to preserve its own his torical course, but also to point out the path that, upon emerging from the slaughter, must be followed by the people who want to live In ac cordance with standards of human ity. with law and justice, norms which the aggressor governments endeavor to destroy." Secretary Hull, in his capacity as chairman of the Governing Board,! lauded the Venezuelan official, not only as an old friend, but also for hts “unswerving devotion to the highest standards of international conduct as well as to the principals of international unit unity." Site# Offered far Institute. Mr. Hull singled out Venezuela as & ' country which has demonstrated i to the world that the peaceful set- j tlement of international disputes is entirely consonant wiUi the com plete maintenance of national rights.” The Secretary of State extolled Venezuela for having acted almost immediately after the "cowardly attack on Pearl Harbor” in Its declaration of complete soli darity with the republics of America. The new proposed Inter-Ameri can Institute of Agricultural Sciences would be set up. it was announced, to co-ordinate agri cultural science In the 21 American republics. The governing board of the Pan- I American Union approved a report by the Inter-American Committee on Tropical Agriculture providing for the establishment of the new organization. Its principal office would be in Washington with sup plementary offices in the other American countries. The location of the institute itself on a large | tract of land has not yet been defi nitely determined. Vast productive ] tracts of land have been offered as the site of several La tin-American countries. A decision on the site Is expected soon. Tests for West Point Candidates Planned B* the Associated Press. Senator Byrd, Democrat, of Vir ginia announced yesterday the Civil Service Commission would hold competitive examinations on his be half in Virginia June 13 for candi dates for appointment to the mill- , tarv and naval academies. One principal and two alternate appointments to West Point and one 1 principal and three alternate ap pointment* to Annapolis will be Blade by Senator Byrd on the basis of the examinations. The tests will be held at the 13 regular civil service examination centers In the State. ant in 1938. Moat of his naval career was devoted to intelligence work. In 1931 he quit the navy to join the Nazi organization at Hamburg, leaving that port to go to Munich the next year as a leader in the Brown-Shirt Storm Troopers. At Munich he caught the eye of Heinrich Himmler, another strong handed up and coming Nad. and in order became leader and chief of the security service at Munich and head of the Bavarian political police and provincial Minister of the Interior. Himmler, who had become head of all German police forces, made him his right hand man in 1934, advancing him to the job of chief of German security police. Until his appointment to Prague in 1941 as Reichsprotector for Bohemia- Mo ravia, Heydrich's chief duties were running down Communists and any body who crossed paths with the Nazi regime. NEW YORK'S^ GRAND, CENTRAL \ '• HOTEL 1 A 3i story skyscraper liotel, in aJ the heart of the Grand Central \ none, which offers an interesting environment unlike the average ) commercial hotel. fi Guests may enjoy the FREE . use of our famous swimming \ ^ pool, gymnasium, solarium and I library. Two popular priced / restaurants. Dancing during dinner and supper. SINSIBLI RAT IS SINOLIt $3.SO •• $S ^ DOUBLI i $4.79 $7 J Bootlegger Trap Now Catching Sugar Violators By tb« Associated Press. How the Government set traps for liquor bootleggers and is catching sugar bootleggers, instead, came to light today. Elmer L. Irey. Treasury enforce ment head, explained that several years ago the Treasury set up a system of detecting the course of sugar through the various commer cial channels because, usually, un explained sales of substantial amounts meant a bootlegger was buying it for his whisky still. Now, these l-ecords have been thrown opeh to the Office of Price Administration and some arrests for violation of the sugar rationing system have resulted. Du Pont, 5 Other Firms Indicted in Explosives Price-Fixing Case Collusion Is Charged in Blasting Supplies Sales; Ten Officials Named By tb« Associated Press. PHILADELPHIA. June 4.—E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Co., five other explosive manufacturers and 10 of their officials were indicted by a Federal grand jury today on charges of conspiring to fix prices in violation of the Sherman Anti trust Act. Also named were the Hercules Powder Co. and the Atlaa Powder Co., kx>th of Wilmington, Del.; the Austin Powder Co. of Cleveland. Illinois Powder Manufacturing Co.. St. Louis, and the King Powder Co., Cincinnati. The 10-page indictment con tended that the effect of the alleged conspiracy was to "maintain the prices of commercial explosives and blasting supplies to all classes of consumers at high, arbitrary and artificial levels.” Control 75 Per Cent •( Volume. The Indictment also charged that the defendants controlled 75 per cent of the total volume of com mercial explosives and blasting sup plies produced in the Nation. Sales at collusive prices were made, the indictment said, "not only to consumers and jobbers generally throughout the country, but to State, county and municipal governments, to contractors for use in connection with construction of Federal defense projects and to agencies and depart ments of the Federal Government.” 1911 Court Decree Cited. Individuals Indicted were S. G. Baker, director of sales of the ex plosive division of Du Pont, and hi* assistant. H. W. Hobson C. C. Gerow. director of sales for Hercules, and his assistant. H. M. Lynch: E. Prost, director of Atlas sales, and his assistant, W E Hazletlne: Norman T. Alexander, vice president of Austin: M. J. Moses, sales director of Illinois Powder; Eugene King, president, and P. T. Morse, sales manager of the King Co. The true bill declared that the conspiracy dated from 1938. Allen A. Dobev. Special Assistant United States Attorney General, said in a statement that Du Pont was dissolved in 1912 as a monopoly under the Sherman Act and that the Atlas and Hercules companies were created by court decree. This decree, he added, transferred assets of the Du Pont Co. to Atlas and Hercules for the purpose of providing com petition with Du Pont. All three were enjoined by the court then. Mr. Dobev said, from entering Into any future price-fixing arrangement. Murphy Advocates Liberty Of Choice on Democracy By the Associated Press. OMAHA, June 4.—Freedom must become the blessing of all peoples and all nations but that does not mean that the Democratic system "must be imposed upon all the world,” Associate Justice Frank Murphy of the Supreme Court de clared today. "On th* contrary, an essential part of the freedom la the liberty of a people to choose freely their own form of Government.” he told 285 Creighton University graduates at commencement exercises. "And while this country may by example encourage the adoption of democracy by other peoples, this liberty of choice musUbe preserved for all, or peace cannot endure.” Justice Murphy and Dean Francis X. Swietlik of the Marquette Uni versity Law School at Milwaukee were awarded honorary degrees of doctor of laws. How Many Quarts of Blood Has the Average Person? It is to accepted fact that normally we have 5 to 3V2 quarts of blood. Altn ough our blood constitutes about 1/12 of our body weight, most folks pay no attenrioo «o it whatsoever. When they feel «red or under the weather, they always blame it on something else. Actually, at the first sign of fatigue, lack of energy, strength, or when you feel yourself slipping physically, check up on your blood right away. You know, if your blood is thin, pale and watery, and unable to teed the hungry tissues with life-giving oxygen, sickness an<f disorders set in more quickly. Bur if blood is rich and pure, it contains chemical substances and cell* capable of repairing damaged body tissues and replenishing our strength and energy. So don’t take chances. Do something about your blood today. Get a bottle of Boncquet (pronounced Bon-Kay) Tablets. Here is an amazing new discovery by an eminent bio chemist, that is designed to build rich red fight ing blood. It conrams, in concentrated quanti ties. the raw materials so woefully lacking in the modern diet, and to urgently needed by the body tissues . . . the most important being the active principle of raw liver (the red blood cell matur ing factor), organic vegetable iron and other minerals, vitamin B complex, fortified with pure crystalline vitamins B and G, and assimilable calcium and phosphorus. This "liver principle" is sometimes called anti-anemic substance. Try Boacouet Tablets foe 9 days. If you wish, have your blood count taken by your phvsidan before and after this test. If you don’t feel better, look better, and have general all-around im provement . . . and most of all, show a marked increase in your red blood cell count . . . your money will b« cheerfully refunded. Sold at 400 Tablets, $4.00 150 Tablets, $2.00 MAIL AND PHONE ORDERS FILLED. The Vita Health Food Co. 619 12th St. N.W. RE. 1212 3040 14th St. N.W. CO. 1000 Extension of Service For Dr. Newton at Western High Urged Approval of Dr. Ballou Sought to Keep Veteran Principal on Job Move* were under w»v today in official school circle* and among graduates of Western High School to obtain an extension of service ! for Dr. Elmer 8. Newton, West ern prin c 1 p a 1 since 1913, who Is due for re tirement in Au gust. Already for mal letters have been filed h y the high school home and school association and one alumnus with the Board of Educa 11 o n, heartily indors ing such a move Dr. Nc«t«n. if the board sees flt to approve It. Basis for the request for exten sion is the shortage of teachers during the war period. Several members of the board are reported favorable to the sugges tion as well as moat. If not all, of the other high school principals. Discussed Informally. Supt. Prank W. Ballou and sev eral other high officials, however, i are said to disapprove the proposal^ not through any lack of confidence ; In the capabilities of the scholarly looking Western principal, but ' through an unwillingness to dis turb the administrative procedure ! of retiring at 70 to permit younger men to advance in the school sys tem. It is understood the proposal to continue Dr. Newton has been dis cussed informally in the closed ses sions of the board's Personnel Com mittee. Appointments under the law are made by the board on rec ommendation of the superintendent, which means that indorsement of Dr. Newton's continuance will prob ably have to be supported by Dr. Ballou if it goes through. Some decision probably will be reached before the board recesses for the summer July 1, although it could be approved bv poll of the board at a later date if necessary. Favorite With Graduate*. Dr. Newton, with hi* silvery goatee and erect carriage, la a favorite with all graduates of the school, losing his good humor, ac cording to reports, only when caught In the intricacies of th» school switchboard after operators’ hours. Proud of his cadet regiment, the veteran principal was reviewing of ficer only a few weeks_ago when three Western cadet companies took j first, second and third in the annual company competitive drill. Pre , viously his regiment had captured | the regimental honors and his bat ' talions finished first and second in the battalion competition—a virtu i ally unheard of sweep of cadet events in a single year. Dr. Newton is a graduate of Am herst College—a classmate of Calvin Coolidge and Dwight Morrow. A teacher of chemistry at Western be fore he became principal, he married | Miss Edna Daisy Towne, an English teacher there, in 1902. Exiled Ex-President Of Paraguay Dies *f the AMOeiitw) Press. BUENOS AIRES. Argentina. June 4.—Dr. Eusebio Ayala. 68. President of Paraguay during the bitter Chaco War with Bolivia and former Para guayan Minister to the United States. Mexico and Cuba, died here today in exile. He had been living in Argentina since a revolt led by veterans of the Chaco War ousted him from the Presidency in 1936 and gave the power to a government headed by Col. Rafael Franco, hero of the jungle war. Dr. Ayala formerly taught phil osophy. political law and sociology at the National University in Para guay and had served as Minister of Finance, Education and Foreign Affairs. Nazi Camp 'Sure-Fire' Place To Reduce, U. S. Doctor Says The surroundings aren’t ideal, and the host far from perfect, but for a sure-fire place to reduce, you cant beat a German internment camp. The man who can tell ydb all about it is Dr. Howard D. Flshbum, one of three Public Health Service men assigned to the American Em bassy in Berlin, who told today how he lost 18 pounds during his in ternment in Bad Nauheim, Ger many. "The dieting process is simple.” he said. "There Just isn't enough to eat.” Dr. Flshbum returned Monday aboard the exchange ship Drottning holm. With 114 others, he had been interned in Bad Nauheim since last December. In Washington now, awaiting his next assignment. Dr. Flshbum is eating heartily and wondering how he ever got along on 1,800 calories a day. As a matter of fact, he said, he fared better than a lot of other Americans, as far as losing weight was concerned. Three other in ternees each came away 35 pounds lighter than they were last Decem ber. Other weight losses ranged as low as one or two pounds, he said. Dr. William 8. Baum, another of . the Public Health Service men, lost Overtime Pay »Continued From First Page.) by the overtime bill, because of con ditions it would create in the Navy Department. For example, he said a supervisor, whose pay is fjxed by a wage board, would draw *4.100 base pay and *1,300 overtime for a 48-hour week, while engineers, draftsmen and other technicians. ! getting *4.600 annually, would be ' frozen at that level, despite the fact1 that their hours were the same as those of the supervisors. "If we undertook to apply that celling to employes whose pay is fixed by wage boards would you have trouble?” Chairman Ramspeck asked. "It all depends on what you mean by trouble,” the witness responded. "If you mean would we get protests, the answer is yes.” Representative Smith. Democrat, of Virginia told the committee some relief should be afforded workers in the lower brackets. "I've hoped for years that Con gress would repeal the whole mess of special salary legislation that has grown up. and start all over again," Admiral Fisher said. The overtime bill proposes to pay time and one-half for hours in ex cess of 40, and at the Navy Depart ment, where the 48-hour week is in effect, some 14,000 employes are get ting the same p«y now as when they worked 30 hours, Charles Pioset, di rector of personnel said, in indorsing the bill. Hushing Oppose* Ceiling. William H. Kushnick. director of civilian personnel for the War De partment, which also works 48 hours, said there are 40.000 employes in departmental service who get no overtime and 105.000 in the field. He approved the $3,800 ceiling, though he said it would cut ap proximately 10.000 employes out of overtime. That celling, he said, ‘ is consistent with the policy" of the Wage and Hour Act. Mr. Hushing called for ellmlna- I tion of the ceiling and said the for mula for computing overtime—on a 380 work-day basis—would result in decreasing postal salaries in those groups where it applies. At least a score of House members have come before the committee to Indorse a bill sponsored by postal workers and other groups to pay a *300 annual bonus to all employes While approving the overtime bill which would give extra pay to approximately 726.000 workers—prin cipally the 'white collar" salaried I class—the arguments of the bonus proponents is that the administra tion measure does not go far enough. They point out that it excludes about 189 000 employes. Including rural mail carriers, special delivery mes sengers and clerks in third-class offices. It would also mean less to other postal workers who already get straight time for overtime than to the departmental employes. Steward Gives Views. Luther C. Steward, president of the National Federation of Federal Employes, who testified also In behalf of affiliated postal unions yesterday afternoon, approved both measures, but said that neither alone "is sufficiently comprehensive AUTHORIZED STAR BRANCH OFFICES DISPLAY THIS SIGN 9V Jboon* ^^ADVERTISEMENTS lH; RecbvedHhe MtlNcmiMi _ ^you WILL FIND ONE AT THE Capitol Drug Co.—1st and No. Car. Ava. 3.E. 3NSERT a clearly worded and properly Classi fied Advertisement in The Star and you will find you won't experience any trouble in filling that "want." Through The Star Clas sified Section you will be sending your appeal all over Washington and into the metropolitan area in Marylond and Virginia. Because The Star carries such an overwhelming volume of Classified Advertising every Evening and Sun day it is naturally the accepted "clearing house" for Classified Ads. For the convenience of Star readers authorized Star Branch Offices are located all over Wash ington—in every neighborhood. There is one near you—and you are invited to make use of its facilities when you have "want" ads for The Star. They will be handled promptly—op pearing in the first available issue. There are no fees in connection with authorized Star Branch Office service; only regular rates are charged. 34 pounds during his stay, and the third. Dr. Charles O. Splcknall. lost between 10 and 13 pounds. The bill of fare was meager and not .very original. Dr. Flshburn re ported. For breakfast, it was the same thing every day—two rolls, two small pads of butter, a little mar malade and ersats coffee. 'But many Americans had their own coffee, he said.) On Tuesdays and Fridays there were no meats, just vegetables. On Mondays and Thursdays the in ternees would get what they called a vegetable stew, with a small piece of meat In It. On the other days, they’d be given a small piece of meat, potatoes, turnips, cabbage or some other vegetable. The desserts, whenever they got1 them, were synthetically flavored puddings. What the Germans called pastry usually >as covered with a decorative something that looked like egg yolk, but actually was an albumen preparation made from fish. Dr. Flshburn said the Germans are hungry all the time and seem to be losing weight while you look at them, but he declared that the people don't seem to be ready to crack up physically yet. to do what must be done at the present time.” The overtime bill, he said, will wipe out the inequities that have developed by giving over time to part of the Government force and denying it to the rest. "It seems to me that somewhere in that picture there should be a basic increase in pay,” said Repre sentative Voorhis. Democrat, of Cal ifornia, who had been an interested spectator, after Mr. Steward con cluded. Leland M. Walker, representing 32,000 members of the National As sociation of Rural Carriers, urged the *300 bonus plan, saying the average pay of his group was *2.080. Bonus Called "Superior.” John A. McMahon, of the National Association of Postal Supervisors, approved the overtime bill but op posed the *3,800 celling, while James A. Hesson of the National Associa tion of Postofflce Custodial Em ployes said that “we don’t want overtime because there Is little op portunity for us to get overtime." Lester Levey of the National Cus toms Service Assocatlon said his group believed the bonus bill “su perior” to the overtime measure. E. J. Blacking of the National As sociation of Federal Mechanics, who told the committee that “we keep the equipment going in these build ings around here.” said the over time bill would be the "first step” toward helping the custodial work ers, for whom a separata pay bill is now pending. Mutual Backs FCC On Rules at Hearing Br tht tauciiud PrM*. Fred Weber, general manager of the Mutual Broadcasting System, told the House Interstate Commerce Committee today that "evils and abuses" on the pan of the large radio networks made recently pro mulgated Federal Communications Commission regulations "eminently practical and reasonable. The committee Is studying pro posed legislation to redefine the pow ers of the FCC. The FCC regulations restricting the use of "option time." under which Mr. Weber said the NBC and Columbia networks "secure right of way and priority rights over all or most of the best hours of nearly all the best stations in the country." is a center of the dispute over changes in the law. NBC and CBS have In general approved the pending legislation. Mr. Weber told the committee that Mutual in 1941 negotiated with publishers of a magazine for a na tionally known program and were given to understand that the system would be used for the next year. TTien. he said, NBC told the pub lishers that if Mutual were used NBC would exercise its option privilege in such a way that the program either would be eliminated from stations in a number of im portant markets "or would be forced to the disagreeable alterna tive of delayed broadcasts by trans scriptton." Oden, Life at Stake, Takes Stand to Tell of Sweetheart's Killing Endeavors to Convince Jury Shooting of Girl Was Accident Guy K. Oden, hi* life at atake, testified in hi* own behalf in Dis trict Court today in an effort to convince a Jury of one woman and 11 men that he did not murder hi* 15-year-old sweetheart “in cold blood." as the Government charges, but that the »hootlng was an acci dent. The 19-year-old blond youth spoke in a low but calm voice as he told of first meeting the girl, Ellen Reid Cennon, In September. 1940 The only outward show of any nervousness was the clasping and unclasping of his hands Under questioning by Defense Attorney James J. Laughlin Oden said that in the latter part of De cember that year he lived for a time at the home of Ellens sister, Mrs. Helen Louise Yates, where Ellen also was staying temporarily. Later he went to stay at the home of Ellen's mother, he said. Just before Oden took the stand, his mother. Mrs. Lillian Elam, testi fied that a Government witness. Mrs. Elizabeth De Vous, had said to her in a hall of the court build ing that Mrs Elam “had better not testify In this rase if I knew whst was good for me." Oden, a theater usher. Is accused of fatally shooting the girl at 114 O street S W . on July 19. 1941. Ellen was going to become a mother. Oden was convicted at his first trial and won a new trial. Another witness today was William Lawson, who had been excused by the Gov ernment but was called back from New York, where he had gone, to testify for the defense. He merely said that he rushed in the kitchen of the O street house Immediately after the shooting to find Ellen on the kitchen floor. FATHER'S DAY SPECIAL —r— i—t——■ i — imiiiib ■iimiihihiii i ini im Your own Boby's shoe preserved, finished ond mounted on a beautiful double ash troy. BRING IN BABY'S SHOE THIS WEEK and we will have it ready for FATHER'S DAY. OPEN THURSDAYS from 11 A.M. until 9 P.M.