Newspaper Page Text
Two Extra Pages ! Investing in Victory
In This Editinn ■ Every payday Invest In U. 8. in iniscamon f 8avlngs Bonds and Stamps, the Late news and sports are covered on ■ \ ‘ m ~ soundest securities In the World. Pages I-X and 2-X of this edition of ■ ■ ■ The Treasury needs 10 per cent of th! n**s. ot 1^11 everybody’s Income or earnings to the regular home delivered edition. help Win the War. ClMina N. Y. Market! Sale!, fag. 13._ _ _ p„„._ 90th YEAR. No. 35,002._ SdSS. THREE CENTS, g^m-s Churchill, Stalin and Harriman Reach Decisions in Moscow Talks; Nazis Peril More Red Oil Fields .- A-- .4. __ Prime Minister Flown to Russia By U. S. Pilots By ifce Associated Press. MOSCOW, Aug. 17.—Prime Minister Churchill of Britain has concluded a four-day trip to Moscow in which he and Joseph Stalin reached secret decisions in conjunction with United States generals and statesmen on stopping and defeating the Germans, it was disclosed offi cially today. American pilots flew the Prime Minister and his Anglo-American party to Moscow in three big Con solidated Liberator (B-24i bombers. They arrived on the afternoon of August 12 and departed yesterday morning. Harriman Attends Parleys. W. Averell Harriman attended the I conferences as President Roosevelt’s j personal representative. Communiques issued here and in ' London this afternoon, following Mr. Churchill’s departure from Soviet ■ Boil, said the conferences had result- ] ed in a number of decisions on the conduct of the war and that the j existing understandings between Russia, Great Britain and the United States had been reaffirmed in an ! atmosphere of “cordiality and com plete sincerity.” A source close to the British Prime Minister, when asked what the con ferences were about, replied: "Any child in the street should know the answer to that.” The fact that the United States, Britain and Russia were in agree ment on the urgency of establishing a second front in Europe this year was announced this spring following Soviet Commissar Molotov's trips to both London and Washington. Twenty persons—including six Americans—were in the Churchill 1 party on this first journey by a British Prime Minister to the Soviet i Union. They included Gen. Sir Archibald P. Wavell. the British commander in-chief in India, and Maj. Gen. Russell P. Maxwell, United States commander in the Near East. The text of the communique fol lows: “For reasons of safety no an nouncement of the visit could be announced until today. “Negotiations have taken place in Moscow between the President of the Council of Peoples Commissars of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. J. V. Stalin, and the Prime Minister of United Kingdom, Mr. Winston Churchill, in which Mr. ' Harriman, representing the Presi- j dent of the United States, parti cipated. Participants of Talks. “There took part in the discus cions: "Peoples Commissar for Foreign Affairs V. M. Molotov, and the pro cureur general, Marshal K. E. Vo roshilov, from the Soviet side; the British Ambassador, Sir A. Clark Kerr, the chief of the imperial gen eral staff. Sir A. Brooke, and other responsible representatives of Brit ish armed forces and the permanent undersecretary of state for foreign cffairs, Sir A. Cadogan, from the British side. "A numebr of decisions were reached covering the field of the war Egainst Hitlerite Germany and her associates in Europe. This just war cf liberation both governments are determined to carry on with all their power and energy until com plete destruction of Hitlerism and any similar tyranny has been achieved. "The discussions, which were car ried on in atmosphere of cordiality 1 and complete sincerity, provided an 1 opportunity of reaffirming the exist ence of close friendship and under standing between the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States of America in entire accord ance W'ith the Allied relationship existing between them.’’ Earlier Visits by Statesmen. These conferences followed earlier Visits between United Nations s' ates men. Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden of Britain last winter paid a visit to the Soviet Union, and For eign Commisar Molotov repaid the visit when he signed the British Soviet alliance May 26. Subsequently Molotov journeyed to Washington, where he saw President i\oosevelt, and after he had returned to his homeland simultaneous an nquncements in London and Wash ington disclosed that the alliance had been signed and that the lead ers of Britain, Russia and the United States were in agreement on the urgency of establishing a second front against Adolf Hitler In 1942. Steelman and Beyer To Talk in Forum John R. Steelman, director of conciliation. Labor Depart ment, and Otto S. Beyer, member of the National Medi ation Board, will discuss "Ac complishments of Mediation” during the National Radio Forum, sponsored by The Star, over Station WMAL and the Blue Network at 9:30 o’clock tonight. I » Allied Flyers Scour Sea to Bar Japs From Bolstering Solomons 'Greatest Victory Is Achieved' Over Foe By American Forces, London Paper Says By the Associated Press. Gen. Douglas MacArthur’s airmen maintained ceaseless vigil over the waters northeast of Australia today to prevent Japanese reinforcements from reaching the Solomon Islands as the battle for control of vital bases there entered its 11th day. WViiIp TTnifpri Rtnt.pc TVAnrinpc urprei*-——— believed to be extending bridgeheads already won in hard fighting in the Solomans, actual development in that theater were hidden by official silence both here and in Australia. New Bombing of Timor. No reference to the situation was contained in the daily communique from Gen. MacArthur’s headquar ters. which was devoted to a brief report of a new Allied bombing at tack on Japanese-occupied Timor and to continued patrol skirmishes in the Kokoda area of Southeastern New Guinea. 60 miles from the Al lied base at Post Moresby. There was evidence, however, of quiet confidence in Australian cir cles, whose attitude was reflected by William H. Hughes, a member of the Pacific War Council, in a speech at Sydney yesterday in which he acclaimed the Solomons Islands offensive as “a revelation of the strength of our ally, America.” ‘‘It has been shown,” he said, “that man for man the Japanese are not equal to the United States Marines.” “Greatest Victory Against Japs.” Selwyn Speight, the London Star’s correspondent in Sydney, said today that despite the cautious tone of United Nations’ communiques “it seems clear that the Allies have already won in land, sea and air operations in the Solomc.ns the greatest victory yet achieved against the Japanese.” Attributing Washington reluctance to give details on the Solomons ac tion to security reasons, Mr. Speight said it was “reasonable to assume” that the United States Marines have (Continued on Page”A-12. Column 27) Nazi Patrol Ship Sunk In Spirited Clash in Straits of Dover Three Others Damaged; All British Craft Back; Some Casualties Aboard P' tbe Associated Press. LONDON, Aug. 17.—A light Herman patrol boat was sunk ind three others were severely damaged in a spirited clash with 3ritish light coastal craft in the Straits of Dover last night, the Admiralty announced today. i All the British craft engaged in the clash returned to their base, but I there were a few casualties aboard,! the Admiralty said. The German force consisted of1 ‘five or six enemy R-boats,” the lommunique said. The British set one afire and saw j ;t sink. The German commanding ! officer was killed and 15 German sailors were picked up by the Brit 10*1. Another Boat Rammed. Another enemy boat was rammed and so seriously damaged it was be lieved to have failed to reach base. Two more “R-boats” were severely damaged by gunfire, the Admiralty added. Coastal batteries engaged in the action, the Admiralty said, explain ing the mystery of gunfire heard in the Channel and the cross-Channel duels of German and British heavy artillery last night. The “R-boat,” the British ex plained, is a German motor mine sweeper, which usually is larger than the motor torpedo boat used by the Germans in the Channel. The designation was adopted from the German "Raeumen,” meaning to clear away. Janes lists two types of R-boats, one displacing 45 tons and another 50 tons The German high command said its heaviest type coastal artillery shelled "military targets in the area nf TVivpr ” Air Front Fairly Calm. Exceot for a few Inconsequential scattered German blows, the Chan nel air front was quiet in the hours before dawn today. Some of the enemy raiders stabbed inland as far as the North Midlands and bombs fell at one point on the East Coast, but the British said damage was slight and there were no casualties reported. RAF fighters and bombers, flying at such altitudes they could not be seen tnrough the haze, roared out over tne Channel today, presumably to make another foray over the occupied coast. On the south coast a lone German raider dropped a few bombs which caused some property damage and a few casualties. A moderate-sized RAF bomber force struck at Western Germany Saturday night and despite thick clouds, the Air Ministry said, some of the crews found their targets. , The British listed five bombers as missing. United States Army fighters flew with a Canadian squadron in one long sweep over France during the week end, but the operation appar ently was routine and a terse United States headquarters commu nique gave no details. Spitfires con tinued the aerial assault on Occu pied France yesterday with a tree top run over a railroad with Belgian pilots participating. A freight train was damaged. Most of Men Rescued From Manchester B’ the Associated Press. LONDON, Aug. 17.—The Admir alty announced tonight that most of the officers and crew of the cruis er Manchester, sunk in Axis attacks on a Malta-bound convoy last week, had survived and "are in French hands.” Three officers and 142 men were saved by British ships. The Man chester had a compliment of 700 men. French ships apparently saved most of the others. i I India Moslems Meet In Secret to Decide On Partition Drive Committee Also Plans To Discuss Attitude Toward Present Unrest Bt thf Associated Press. BOMBAY India, Aug. 17.—The Moslem League Working Com mittee met in secret today to de cide whether it should open a campaign to obtain recognition by the British government and the Hindus of its demand for partition of India into separate Hindu and Moslem states. The committee also was to dis cuss its attitude toward the present unrest arising from the All-India Congress party's civil disobedience campaign. An appeal to the British to make peace with the party—and a warn ing against such a step—left the issue over Indian independence ap- ! parently as far as ever from solu t inn Country Generally Peaceful. Although nine persons were in- 1 jured by police fire yesterday at Calcutta, India’s biggest city, the country generally was peaceful after the week of violence touched off by the Congress’ mass civil disobedi ence movement under Mohandas K. Gandhi and the swift arrest of the leader and his lieutenants. The spokesman for reconciliation was Sir Tej Bahadar Sapru, one of India's most prominent lawyers, who urged at Allahabad that Brit ain send a parliamentary delegation to India to discuss a settlement. Sapru, who has served before as an intermediary between the British and Gandhi, was understood to be planning to visit the British viceroy, Lord Linlithgow. On the other side was Mohammed Ali Jinnah. who threatened that any peace-seeking with the Hindu-dom inated Congress would be regarded by 80.000.000 Moslems as a sacri fice of their interests. “If the British now seek peace with the Congress,'' declared Jinnah, president of the All-India Moslem League, “we would consider that a betrayal of the Moslems, who have been holding out a helping hand to Britain.” (In London, Arthur Greenwood, former Minister without port folio in the Churchill cabinet, lent the voice of the British (See INDIA, Page A-12.) Chinese Raids on Hanoi And Haiphong Reported P> thf Associated Press. NEW YORK. Aug. 17—The Jap anese-controlled radio at Saigon, French Indo-China, reported today i in a broadcast heard by CBS that ! ' Chinese aircraft have raided Hanoi ' and Haiphong,” the Indo-China j capital and big Gulf of Tonkin port. r Strong Axis Push On Stalingrad Gets UnderWay % Bv EDDY GILMORE, Associated Press War Correspondent. MOSCOW, Aug. 17.—The Ger man offensive in the Don bend flared to full force today in a powerful new drive toward Stal ingrad, while in the Caucasus the Russians fell back from the ruins of the Maikop oil fields to ward their next petroleum pro ducing area at Grozny. A Russian communique reported a terrific toll of new Nazi man power and material thrown into the assault southeast of Kletskaya and northeast of Kotelnikovski against the flanks ,of the fortified line guarding Stalingrad. Battle-front dispatches said the Germans rolled forward at tre mendous cost in the Kletskaya salient, 75 miles northwest of Stalin grad, but were held firmly at the Kotelnikovski flank, 95 miles south west of Stalingrad. Nazis Checked in Caucasus. In the Caucasus, extending Axis lines appeared checked on the Krasnodar flank, where the Ger mans are thrusting toward the port of Novorossisk, but they stretched ever farther to the southeast along the rail and oil pipe line toward Grozny and the Caspian. The Russians reported fighting southeast of Mineralnve Vody, 140 miles from Grozny. (Tne Vichy radio, heard in London, reported that fast Ger man motorized units have en circled the Grozny fields. The Vichy report, entirely uncon firmed by Russian reports, puts the Germans far in advance of even their own claims in the Caucasian drive.) In acknowledging the loss of Maikop, the Russians said the val uable oil installations of that area, which produced 7 per cent of Rus sian petroleum, had been blasted to worthlessness. ‘’The German Fascists, who ex pected with the capture of Maikop to enrich themselves at the expense of Soviet, oil, have miscalculated,” the communique said. “They did not get Soviet oil and will not get It.” Reds Take New Positions. The Russians had plenty of time to destroy the oil installations at Maikop and an official announce ment that oil supplies had been re moved and "oil establishments themselves made completely un usable" was taken here to mean that a typically thorough job of destruction had been performed. 'The Germans claimed the capture of Maikop August 9.) The great weight of numerical superiority, especially in mechan ized equipment, was giving the Ger man drive toward Grozny its im petus as the Red Army continued to fall back to new lines south east of Mineralnve Vody. There was no indication of a stiffening of re sistance, although the midnight (See “RUSSIA, Page A-12.) Seaboard Flyer Hits Train on Siding; Two Hurt B? the Associated Press. CLEARWATER, Fla.. Aug. 17.— The Seaboard's Silver Meteor, fast streamliner headed for New York, and a southbound passenger train collided here today. Two persons were hurt slightly. Witnesses said the southbound train was on a siding waiting for the Silver Meteor to pass, and that the streamliner apparently hit an open switch, and collided head-on with the other train. First reports said both locomotives were derailed. ADRIAN. Mich. Aug. 17 (/T).—Two trainmen were killed and another critically injured today when a westbound Wabash Railroad passen ger train struck a northbound New York Central freight train at a crossing near Raisin Center, eight miles northeast of Adrian. The passenger, en route from De troit to St. Louis, struck about the middle of the 15-car freight rain, en route to Jackson. Engineer J. A. Henrick of Peru, Ind., piloting the Wabash train, was killed instantly, and the fireman, Herbert Altman, also of Peru, suf fered fatal burns. Summary of Today's Star Foreign Churchill talks with Stalin in Mos cow revealed. Page A-l India is no nearer peace after appeal for fresh parleys. Page A-l Nazi patrol boat sunk in clash in Straits of Dover. Page A-l National WPB finds no evidence of steel "black market.” Page A-l Three in Army plane crash expected to recover; 17 dead. Page A-4 Steel workers’ group signs Bethle hem agreement. Page A-2 Detroit story in Life attacked by city’s leaders. Page A-2 Fiancee faces murder charge in of ficer's slaying. Page A-5 Ickes. Henderson urge oil conserva tion. Page A-8 Servicemen apply for 18 billions in Federal life insurance. Page A-14 I 43 Catholic leaders urge aid for Russians. Page A-14 U. S. Navy most air-minded. Hep burn declares. Page B-7 Eleven ships, including three de stroyers, launched. Page B-10 Washington and Vicinity. . Mrs. Baker named nurses’ recruiting secretary. Page A-5 Gasoline bootlegging cases before Commissioners today. Page B-l Two burned to death in fires in this area. Page A-5 Monastery tax ruling challenged at Senate hearing. Page B-l Refresher courses for former teach ers planned. Page B-l National OCD now studying Dis trict's new regulations. Page B-l FWA completes survey of hospital space. Page B-l \ -/TvegotitA If MR. PRESIDENT! \ \ LETS APPOINT A / ][ SUPER-SUPER |^iy /by george/ f JUDGE, WHY \ ( DIDN'T I THINK J OF THAT! / Qx ^ British Again Pound Enemy Shipping OH North African Coast RAF Also Hits Rommel's Lines of Communication In Western Desert Bj the Associated Pres*. CAIRO, Aug. 17.—British light bombers, battering away at Axis Field Marshal Erwin Rommel’s vital supply lines, attacked enemy shipping off the North African coast again yesterday and scored direct hits on lighters, a British communique an nounced today. RAF bombers also attacked Mar shal Rommel's lines of communica tion in the desert, successfully bombing motor convoys despite at tempts of Axis fighters to drive them off, the bulletin said. Land activity was said to have been limited to night patrol clashes, during which British troops attacked enemy positions and ha rassed working parties in the north ern and central sectors west of El Alamein. The aerial forays carried out yes terday by the British swelled the record of successes credited to the RAF in the last week, both in battering the Axis ashore and afloat and in sending out waves of land-based fighters to drive oft enemy planes attacking a big Brit ish Mediterranean convoy. RAF spokesman said 13 enemy bombers were shot down by Biitish fighters winging into the battle from island bases and that the RAF Spitfires’ air superiority over Malta gave the convoy comparative freedom for the last leg of the voyage to that island base with vital new supplies. In week-end forays, the British hammered at the Axis’ supply bridge across the Mediterranean. Besides pounding at the ports of Tobruk, Matruh and Salum, the British said, their planes hit an Axis ship and some lighters. The Australians, who attacked the lighters in light bombers, now claim 17 as sunk in recent operations in addition to two more probably de stroyed yesterday. 14 British Planes Shot Down In Dogfights, Italians Say ROME (From Italian Broadcasts), Aug. 17 (A1).—The Italian high com mand reported today that German fighter planes had shot down 14 British aircraft in fierce dogfights over the Egyptian front and de clared Axis land forces had captured a number of British prisoners in an intensification of patrol activity. The Italians acknowledged British air attacks on their North African supply bases of Matruh and Tobruk, but said damage was slight. One of the raiders was shot down and still another British plane was de stroyed off the coast while attempt ing to attack an Axis convoy, the bulletin said. Gen. Doolittle in Britain, Makes Tour of Air Bases Et the Associated Press. LONDON, Aug. 17.—The presence here of Brig. Gen. James H. Doo little, who led the United States Army Air Force bombers in the at tack on Japan last April 18, was dis closed for publication today. He has been here 10 days, and is expected to return to the United States soon. Gen. Doolittle, it was indicated authoritatively, will not be attached permanently to the American air command in the European theater. This was his second special war time mission to Britain. He came here in 1941, before the United States entered the war, as a mem ber of a mission headed by Lt. Gen. George Brett, now Gen. Douglas MacArthur’s air chief in the South west Pacific. Gen. Doolittle’s arrival was a tightly-guarded secret until after he had conferred wdth Maj. Gen. Carl Spaatz, commander in chief of the United States Air Forces in the European theater, and his second in command, Brig. Gen. Ira C. Eaker. He also made a three-day tour of American air bases in Britain. WPB Probe of Higgins Charges Discloses No'Black Market' Some Quota Violations Revealed, However, With.Above-Ceiling Prices in Certain Cases By the Associated Press. Investigation into the charges of Higgins Industries, Inc., New Orleans shipbuilder, of a “black market’’ in steel has developed no evidence of black market operations “as the term is commonly understood in this country and England,” the Compliance Branch of the War Production Board reported today. Aiic ui tuiui, auiiiiiiai iiuiig of a hastily-ordered investigation, said Andrew J. Higgins, head of the firm, “presented no evidence that scarce material has been diverted from the war program, and all of the deliveries cited by Higgins were made pursuant to high-rated de fense orders.” The inquiry did indicate, however, that some steel warehouses may have violated WPB quota regula tions, “in addition to the 22 penal ized last spring in other cases,” the branch declared. In addition, some deliveries of steel to the Higgins company ap peared to have been made at prices higher than the Office of Price j Administration ceiling for ware house sales, and others appeared to have been evasions of OPA regula tions in order to obtain the premium price on less-than-carload deliveries, the WPB branch reported. These possible violations are now under investigation by OPA. Besides the possible quota vio (See BLACK MARKET, PageX42.) Two Blimp Officers Sought After Craft Lands Without Crew 'Chutes and Rubber Boats Found in Gondola, but Life Belts Are Missing (Picture on Page A-3.) F> tic Associated Pres*. SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 17 Two naval officers, missing when their crewless and broken blimp floated in from the ocean and descended on a street in sub urban Daly City, were hunted at sea off the Golden Gate today. The blimp had been on a routine anti-submarine patrol flight. Two life belts were rpissing from the craft when it landed, but all of the parachutes and the rubber life raft were found in the gondola where the two officer-crewmen rode. The blimp, sagging in the middle, with big tears visible in its fabric and with its two motors idle, drifted in from the Pacific yesterday morn ing, five hours after it had taken off on a flight. Crowd of Hundreds Gather. The craft wandered along at tree top height, left one of its depth charges on the Lakeside golf course when a bomb rack scraped the ground, and drew a crowd of hundreds who followed it by auto mobile and street car before it set tled to earth. Daly City firemen, who were (See BLIMP, Page A-I2.) 1 Army Is Reported Seeking Greenbrier for Hospital Bj tbi Aasociated Press. WHITE SULPHUR SPRINGS. W. Va„ Aug. 17.—An announcement by the management of the historic Greenbrier Hotel disclosed that the Government had selected the resort for “use as an Army base hospital.” Guests now at the spa, which un til early last month was an intern ment center for Axis diplomats, will be “cared for until August 31,” the announcement said. L. R. Johnston, manager of the resort, said the “owners of the hotel are prepared to turn over to the Army the hotel and all appurte nances to be used as a base hos pital.” (In Washington, the War De partment said it had no informa tion on the matter.) It was indicated that negotia tions had not yet been completed, but a final conference may be held this week. Mr. Johnston reported the sur geon general's office of the Army had been seeking the property, which includes 6,750 acres of ground, the hotel and cottages with 750 guest rooms and additional quarters for 500 staff members, three golf courses, a casino, swim ming pool and stables. ) Trial of Accused Spy Arrested on Exchange Ship Opens in Newark Death Penalty Faced By Bahr, Who Posed As Refugee From Reich Pv the Associated Press. NEWARK, N. J., Aug. 17.—The trial of Herbert Karl Friedrich Bahr on a charge of conspiracy to commit espionage opened to day in Federal District Court be fore Judge William F. Smith. The 29-year-old former Buffalo tN. Y.), resident, who is accused by the Government of trying to return to this country as a Gestapo trained spy, appeared serious as he was led into a crowded courtroom by turn criiorHc Bahr Appears Nervous. As selection began of the jury which may return a verdict carrying the death penalty, Bahr fingered a pencil and paper, but took no notes. He sat with counsel and appeared nervous. The jaunty manner and ready smile he displayed on arraign ment last month were absent. Bahr, a citizen through his fath er's naturalization, went to his na tive Germany as an exchange student. Arrested Aboard Ship. Bahr was arrested aboard the diplomatic exchange liner Drott ningholm, in the pose of a refugee, at Jersey City July 9. The indict ment charges that he conspired with eight men in Germany, Switzer- '■ land. Spain, Sweden, Turkey and Brazil to forward to Germany in formation vital to the American ! war effort. He pleaded not guilty July 22. J. Edgar Hoover, FBI chief, an- i nounced at the time of the arrest that Bahr carried $7,000 in Ameri- [ can currency for “loosening tongues" and for transportation and obtain ing of military information. The defendant also is accused of entering this country on an altered ! passport and having chemicals used in the manufacture of invisible ink. The trial was twice postponed. Nazi Troop Train Crqsh in Netherlands Reported 1JJ *te Ajsociited Pres*. LONDON, Aug. 17.—Aneta, Neth erlands News Agency, quoted a Soviet Information Bureau report from Moscow today that a heavily laden German troop train collided with another train at a station near Groningen in the Northern Nether- j lands, causing serious damage and suspending traffic. Five prominent Netherlanders were executed by a Nazi firing squad Saturday as hostages after sabo teurs whom the Germans blamed for a similar troop train wreck August 7 were not captured. The Germans previously had said the lives of 1,600 hostages would be taken if the saboteurs were not given up by their countrymen, and there was a possibility that other executions might follow the first i five. 4 Labor Hoarding May Be Halted By New Agency Inspectors Sought For Cost-Plus Plants To Prevent Padding B» '!•« Associated Pres*. Congress may be called on to create an agency with extensive control over the Nation's man power, it was reported in an in formed quarter today as a high Government official said the War Manpower Commission would ask the War and Navy Depart ments and Maritime Commission to place inspectors in “cost plus” war production plants to break up what he called a grow ing practice of "labor hoarding.” Establishment by law of a com mission to direct the flow of workers into essential war tasks was re ported under consideration as an attempted solution of the skilled help shortage. The present com mission, headed by Paul V. McNutt, was created by presidential order. It has no authority to enforce any of its suggestions or rulings, de pending on co-operation and public opinion to get results. The proposed new Manpower Authority would have statutory creation and statu tory authority to enforce orders and rules. In disclosing the plan to break up "labor hoarding” the official, who declined the use of his name, said he had received an informal re port, not yet checked by a detailed study, that 35,000 workmen could be taken out of West Coast airplane and shipbuilding plants without af fecting the volume and quality of production. Plants Reported Padded. "Cost-plus” plants were reported to be putting on their pay rolls thousands of workmen for whom they have no immediate essential jobs, he said. He explained the plants were doing this to make certain they would have adequate workmen in the event an increase in their operations created addi tional labor needs. This "hoarding" was described as a serious interference to the rhythm of war production, with valuable workers held in virtual unpro ductivity in some plants while others were handicapped by actual short ages. The “cost-plus” plants turning out war materials are able to corral workers they do not need immedi ately, the official explained, because the wages could be figured into the overall costs, with the contractors receiving fees from the Government over and above their operating ex penses. Hoarding could be stopped, the spokesman said, by putting inspec tors in the plants to determine the number of unneeded workmen, whereupon the War and Navy De partments and the Maritime Com mission could refuse to certify the wages for such persons as accept able charges in plant operations. n_1_i_a vvuinwvra The war materials contracting agencies now maintain checks on contract conformance. The Manpower Commission is con sidering placing inspectors only in plants where there is reason to be lieve all the labor on hand is not being used efficiently. Congress will be concerned pri marily in September with Senate changes in the tax bill, which passed the House in July, but there have been indications it might be asked at the same time to consider the man power proposal. There has been much discussion both in and out of Congress of the necessity of Government direction over rhe work done by civilians as well as those in the armed forces, but Senate Majority Leader Barkley said he had received no word as to whether legislation would be re quested. Other problems generally regarded as likely to be unsolved when Con gress gets down to work again in clude proposals for greater control over wages and prices, expansion of synthetic rubber production, possible Nation-wide rationing of gasoline and fuel oils and reorientation of war production to bring about the manufacture of equipment such as cargo-carrying planes. May Send Message. President Roosevelt said some time ago that he might have some thing to say to Congress on the question of stabilizing wages and prices, and studies erf this question were reported to be going ahead. Expressing the opinion that in flationary controls had proved fairly effective thus far, Mr. Barkley told reporters he saw no present reason for seeking legislation along this line. He emphasized, however, that he was not foreclosing the possibil ity of future action. Deciaring that prices were being controlled much better than in the last war, with more effectiveness than was generally supposed. Sena tor Barkley expressed the opinion that present machinery was op erating to hold wages in line. Strikes still occurring in war in iustries. Senator Barkley called iso lated incidents which did not reflect the true temper of the great ma lority of workers. It was better, he >aid, to deal with these incidents separately than to attempt to put 10,000,000 workers in a wage “strait lacket.” The gasoline rationing question was brought into the open Saturday ay a demand from Senator Byrd, Democrat, of Virginia for a Nation wide ciub, on the ground that it was unfair to 17 rationed States to let 31 others have unlimited sup plies. The rubber problem is being studied by a board headed by Ber lard M. Baruch, and Senators In crested in production from grain ire keeping silent until that board's eport Is made.