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4 '• * - Wfeather Report W] Slightly warmer today and tonight; gentle winds. ^Temperatures today—Highest. 77, for to day^ ■ifwest, 58, for today. Trom the United Siarea Weather Bureau Report. <Rull Report on Pare A-1S ) 4 —___—__ _ -1—-—Oosing N. Y. Morkets-Solet, Poge 19._ _ (#) Mean. AmkI«>.< Free,. 90th YEAR. No. 35,91.1__ WASHINGTON, D. (’.. FRIDAY, AUGUST 28. 1942 —THIRTY-FOUR PAGES. X gffjjggjK THREE CENTS. • ^ Late News Bulletins I Nelfoq Exhorts Key Men War Production Chief Donald Nelson late today gathered his branch chiefs andjtop advisers around him and exhorted them^K* accelerate the war-production effort; put an end to bickering and comments on each other’s work. He urged them to avoid destructive criticism and to concentrate \>n the one aim of winning the war. Mr. Nelson in the course of the talk said “It, just takes too damn long to get things done around here.” < Chinese Gains Continue CHUNGKING </P'.—A front-line dispatch to Central News today said the Chinese have re-occupied Lientang, a railway town nine miles south of the big Japanese base at Nanchang, in Kiangsk Province. Another Central News report said that the airport at Lishui had fallen into Chinese hands again in the drive into the town. v (Earlier Story on Page A-l.) b 4* Japan Suffers From Typhoon BERLIN (From German Broadcasts) (fl5).—A Transocean dispatch from Tokio reported today that a violent typhoon had killed at least 63 persons, injured 73 and caused exten sive damage qp the Japanese Island of Kyushu and parts of the main islant^af Honshu. About 560 houses were destroyed, 240 carried away by water and more than 30,000 isolated by flood water, the dispatch said. Hershey Foresees New Draft Actio Speed Mobilization Says Things Are Moving So Fast 'We May Have to Operate Ahead of‘Rules' (Earlier Story on Pa^A-l.) Maj. Gen. Lewis B. hershey said today the Selective Service Act may have to be amended to permit speedier Army mobiliza tion. ‘‘I can t say that every able-bodied man will be in the Army, but things are moving so fast we may have to operate ahead of our own rulkv” he told delegates to the National Insti tute on Education and the War this j afternoon at American University, j “I wish I were at liberty to disclose the size in numbers we are now mobilizing.” Gen. Hershey could give no as surance that men teachers will con tinue to receive draft deferment in classes 2-A and 2-B, but reminded, hi* audience that the supply of reg-W istrants in 1-A is small. "I have no! idea what will happen to teachers In the next school term,” he said. Indicating teachers would have to defend their deferment on grounds of occupational necessity. Discussing the drain on man power that all-out war imposes. Gen. Hershey remarked that, “when you are in a lifeboat, it doesn’t make any difference what deck and state room you once occupied.” The Selective Service director taid there are a number of men employed in industrial plants whose induction into the Army might be demanded by the public but quickly added, “I might be wrong.” Gen. Hershey, himself a former public school teacher, admitted that teachers make a definite contribu tion to the national health, secur ity and interest but indicated that \ the question for local draft boards to determine would be the extent of his contribution when weighed against that of other professions. Fatta Subs for Bartfield In Bout With Fenoy E5 th« Associated Press. NEW YORK. Aug. 28.—Carmine Fatta of New York was substituted today for Danny Bartfield as op ponent for Carmelo Fenoy of Spain in one of the four 10-round bouts on tonight's boxing card at Madison Square Garden. Bartfield appeared with a badly bruised right hand. Late Races * Earlier Results and Entries foi Tomorrow on Pa$e 2-X. Marlboro FIFTH RACE—Purse 8700: allowances 3-year-olds and up: 6'j furlongs Marandan iRooti in.30 3.80 3.so 5reds First ‘Kirki 7.30 4.no uUerman (Grant) 3.90 Time, 1:08 1-5 Also ran—Dividend. Roman Boy. Nellie Boo. Mardl Gras and Cushlamacre. Camden FIFTH RACE—Purse. SI 200: claiming: ?-year-olds. 6 furlongs. Cherry T. (Rienii) 5.80 3 20 2 .Mi Dot s Key (Day) 3.20 2.so Mary Alice (Eads! 3.50 Time. 1:12 4-5. Also ran—Wessex. Flying Junior, Span ish Sun. Multi Quest. Narragansett Park FOURTH RACE—Purse SI.200: claim ing: 3-year-olds: 1 mile and 7 0 yards Waddy (Craigi 15 00 0 fin 5.20 Shasta Man (Baiesi 4 20 3.80 Star Quest iMaddeni 7.00 Time. 1:43 4-5. Also ran—Two Pair. What Excuse Val dina ’«est, Dilly Dally. FIFTH RACE—Purse. Si.2oo. claiming; 3-year-olds: 1 mile and in yards Stell (Finnegani 4.20 3.40 3.00 Wallingford iMillman) 6.00 4.60 Cherry Cobbler (McMullen) 5 40 Time. 1:44',. Also ran—Roman Nancy. Riverlass. Crape Line. Who Calls. Saratoga FIFTH RACE—Purse, si.200: allow ance*: 2-year-olds: 5‘j furlongs C ickeiy Clack (West pe) 8 20 2.00 3.20 I lak (McCrearyi 2.50 2 50 Bankrupt (Llndberg) 3 50 Time. 1 06'. Also ran—Tenebrose. Sea Fare, Restless. Quia. Washington Park THIRD RACE—Purse. SI.500; claiming; raidens. 2-year-olds. 5'j furlong' on Works (Thornburg) 5.20 3.00 2.811 I>h (Neves) 3.00 3.0o Julie s Pal (Jemas) 4.40 Time. 1 08’,. Also ran—Rolm Bo'in Good G*'. Oli fer'i Babe. Elrinnp Hypeasant. TBwny B'” La Cameche. M Nationals Lead Detroit, 4 to 3, in Sixth Inning; Carrasquel Hurts Hand Pitcher Hit by Batted Ball As Detroit Runner Scores; Griffs Get 3 in Third Line-up. DETROIT. WASHINGTON. Bloodworth. 2b. Case. If. Cramer, cf. Spenee. ef. McCosky. If. Campbell, rf. York. lb. — Vernon, lb. Harris, rf. Estalella, 3b. Ross. 3b. Sullivan, as. Lipon. ss. Croucher. 2b. Riebe. c. Evans, c. Benton, p. Carrasquel, p. By BURTON HAWKINS. The Nats were leading today as they attempted to end their | three-game losing streak in a, setto with the Detroit Tigers at | Griffith Stadium. The score was 4 to 3 in the sixth i inning. The Nats went ahead in the third j inning with a three-run outburst.! George Case led the inning off with a double and Spence drew a pass, , Vernon also walked, filling the bases. itt-r-—--1 Nats Buy J Players From Chattanooga j And Charlotte President Clark Griffith of the Nats today announced the purchase of three players from Washington’s Chattanooga and Charlotte farm clubs. A pitcher, catcher and inflelder, they will report here tomorrow. Louis Bevil, a right-handed pitcher who has won 12 games, lost 10. and Ray Hoffman, a third baseman hitting .240 will report to the Nats from Chat tanooga, while Catcher • O’Dell Barbary, hitting .277 will come to Washington from Charlotte. M ■■ Case scored on a force-out, Spence | got in on a Detroit error and Esta lella scored on Crocher's single. The Tigers threatened to tie in the sixth. Vhen they put Alex Car-j rasquel out* of the game. He was ' hit on the pitching hand by a batted ball, and had to turn the chores over ♦ 7nKor FIRST INNING. DETROIT—Bloodworth fouled to Vernon. Sul'iiiian threw out Cra mer. McCosky tripled to center. York lined to Campbell. WASHINGTON—Case popped to Lipon. Spence walked. So did Campbell. Vernon fanned. So did Estalella. SECOND INNING. DETROIT — Croucher threw out Harris. Ross fouled to Vernon. Sul livan threw out Lipon. WASHINGTON—Sullivan popped to Bloodworth. Lipon w'hipped out Croucher. Evans walked. Caras quel took a third strike. THIRD INNING. DETROIT—Riebe Singled to left Benton sacrificed, Carrasquel to Croucher, who covered first. Riebe took third as Sullivan threw out Bloodworth. Cramer singled to cen ter, scoring Riebe. McCosky singled to left, sending Cramer to third, and McCosky took secdhd when 'See BASEBALL, Page 2-Xj ' I Major League Games AMERICAN LEAGUE. At St. Louis— st. Louis .. 2no non — Philadelphia 110 00 — Batteries—Anker and Ferrel: Be.se and Swift. At Boston— Chicago_ 000 000 0 — Boston - 100 100 — Batteries—Ritas and Tresh. Rtthson and Conroy. At New York— Cleveland .. 000 000 0 — New York... 100 001 0 — Batteries—Dean and Hefan and Chan dler and Roaar. NATIONAL LEAGUE. At St. Louis—First Game— Philade'phia 002 002 — St. Louis 130 000 — Batteries—Hoerst. N’ahem and Brasan; Dickson. Gumbert and W. Cooper. Chicago_0 — Brooklyn ... — Batteries—Birbe and Owen: Pasooau and MeCulloTirh. a 1 LT. COL. W. D. SAUNDERS, Jr. —Harris-Ewing Photo. Marine Corps Flyer Is Killed in Crash Near Gravelly Point Fighter Plane Falls In Test; Cause Is Undetermined Lt. Col. W. D. Saunders, jr„ Marine Corps, was killed shortly after noon today, when a Navy fighter plane he was testing crashed into shallow water in the Potomac River, off the south end of Bolling Field, near Grav elly Point. Cause of the accident was unde termined. Thebody was removed to the Naval Medical Center for examination, and the plane was towed back to the Naval Air Center. Col. Saunders was the only occu pant of the ship, according to infor mation from the Navy Yard. He lived at 1715 Army and Navy Drive, Arlington, Va. Surviving are his widow, Mrs. Alice Saunders, and her daughter, Suzanne. Georgetown Nine Coach Enters Navy Tomorrow Rome Schwagel. 30, graduate man ager of athletics at Georgetown Uni versity and coach of its 1942 baseball team, will leave for Chapel Hill. N. C., tomorrow to begin training as a Navy physical instructor. He was sworn in yesterday as junior grade lieutenant in the Naval Reserve. Schwagel. a hative of Dayton, graduated from Georgetown in 1933 with a Ph.B degree and from the Foreign Service School in 1938 with a M.S. degree. He was publicity director of the school from 1934 to 1937. He was appointed graduate ath letic manager in July of last year. A successor to Schwagel awaits the return of the Rev. John J. Keogh, faculty athletic advisor now in Chicago, according to the Uni versity. Blanket 0. K. Is Seen For Warden Training Blanket approval of the courses air raid wardens have been taking was given today by OCD Director of Training Paul F. Douglass when he announced those who have com pleted the required hours of train ing will be certified. Principles established at a con ference between Dr. Douglass, Col. Lemuel Bolles and Chief Warden William J. Mileham earlier this week will result in ‘ immediate offi cial Federal certification of thou sands of trained and experienced air raid wardens," Dr. Douglass an nounced. Train Knocks Bridge Guard Into Anacostia River While standing watch on the north end of the railroad bridge over the east branch of the Ana costia River, Emmett Zazour, 25, of 3417 Eastern avenue N.E., a Penn sylvania Railroad guard, was struck by a southbound electric train and knocked into the river. According to police Mr. Zazour pulled himself up to the bank and 1 was dragged from the water by two unidentified soldiers. They applied a tourniquet to an injured leg and notified police. Mr. Zazour was taken to Casualty Hospital, where he was found to have suffered a compound fracture of the leg and undetermined body injuries. The motorman of the train has not yet been identified as the train con tinued on after striking Mr. Zazour. Alsab and Valdina Orphan Head Chicago Derby Field By the Associated Press. CHICAGO. Aug. 28.—Seven 3 year-olds, including Alsab and Valdina Orphan, were entered today in the historic $50.000-added Amer ican Derby tomorrow at Washing ton Park. Top weight of 126 pounds was assigned to Alsab and Valdina Orphan. Rounders was paired with Valdina Orphan as the Emerson Woodward entry. The Derby, dating back to 1884, was won by Whirlaway last year. If all seven start over the mile and-a-quarter course tomorrow, the gross will be $78,650, with $60,100 going to the winner. m U. S. Suit Seeks To Force A. P. to Serve All Papers Deprival of Service Held Hardship in Anti-Trust Action ♦ Bj the Associated Pres*. NEW YORK. Aug. 28.—The Government, depicting the Asso ciated Press as premier among news services of the United States and contending that a newspaper without it suffers competitive disadvantages, asked Federal District Court today for an order to force the Associated Press to serve any newspaper willing to pay the cost. The Chicago Sun was mentioned specifically as having been unable to obtain membership in the A. P„ likewise the Washington Times Herald. A civil complaint filed by the Gov ernment in the Southern New York District Court dealt with corporate matters solely. It paid high tribute to the operations of the A. P. and emphasized its reputation for im partiality, accuracy, thoroughness and speed. The answer to the action is re turnable within 20 days. Charges Restraints. The Government’s complaint, in brief, made these allegations: 1. Those provisions of the A. P. by-laws which exclude competitors of existing members from member ship and the A. P. news, illegally restrain and monopolize interstate commerce in news and illegally re strain the Interstate commerce of newspapers which are prevented from obtaining A. P. news. 2. The provision of the A. P. by laws requiring each of nearly 1,300 members to furnish local news gathered by its own staff exclusively to the A. P. illegally restrains and monopolizes interstate commerce in news. Additionally, it was asserted that the acquisition by the A. P. in 1941 of the stock of Wide World Photos, Inc., a news-picture service for merly owned by the New York Times, was an illegal acquisition of stock of a competing corporation Re petition Mked that ttaa^'#. ?e-i?erm*nent,y «>Joh»ed against further enforcement of the by-law provisions referred to and also re quired to divest itself of the Wide World stock. Member Papers Named. Named as defendents were the association, a non-profit co-oper ative in New York; the 18 members of the Board of Directors, the pub lishers of the newspapers with which the directors are affiliated, and the nearly 1.300 other members in the United States as a group. The A. P. serves more than 2,000 newspapers throughout the world. Only members in continental United States were named. The Government’s petition for an injunction against certain by-laws— amended by the members them selves at their'annual meeting last April — contended, among other things: That news agency service is "es sential to survival of any news paper.’’ That there are three news agen cies and "of the news services sup Phed by those three, that of the (Continued on Page A-6, Column 2i) Devil's Thumb Favored In Saratoga Hopeful P> the Associated Press. SARATOGA SPRINGS. N. Y„ Aug. 28.—W. E. Boeing’s Devil’s Thumb, winner of five straight stakes at the local track, heads a field of eleven 2-year-olds named today for the 38th running of the $40,000 Hopeful Stakes over 6 Vi fur longs tomorrow. The West Coast airplane manufac turer also named Corona Corona, but his chief hope will be the son of Grand Slam. Other entries include William du Pont’s combination of, Supermont and Suncap, Walter P. Chrysler, jr’s Hyperionion, and Noonday Sun from the Manhasset Stable. Mrs. Walter Jeffords’ Halberd, Mrs. Dodge Sloane’s Bourmont. Quil lon from the Christiana Stables, Oglebay’s True Blue and William Ziegler, jr.’s Breezing Home complete the field. Two Drivers Are Held In Traffic Fatalities (Earlier Story on Page A-3.) Two District drivers were ordered held for Police Court action under the Negligent Homicide Act by a coroner's jury at the District Morgue today. James O. Nelson, 24, of the 1000 block of North Carolina avenue S.E., bus driver, was held in the death of Miss Katherine E. Hill, 79, of 2100 Massachusetts avenue N.W., late Wednesday at the intersection | of Twentieth street and Massachu setts avenue N.W. Miss Hill was j said by police to have been crossing Twentieth street in the crosswalk on the proper light when the bus, mak ing a right turn from Massachu setts avenue, struck her. William E. Edwards, 27, of 1100 Eighteenth street N.W., was de tained in the fatal traffic injury of James Skelton, 32, colored, of 1337 Q street N.W., Sunday morning when an automobile driven by Ed wards struck Skelton at the inter section of Fourth and C streets N.W. The injured man died at Casualty Hospital early today, ft ABERDEEN, MD.—2,000 POUNDS OF DESTRUCTION—Heading earthward, this 2,000-pound demo lition bomb is shown an instant after being released from the bomb bay of a two-motored bomber flying over the Army Ordnance Department’s proving ground here. This is the first photograph ever released by the War Department of the ohe-tonner being tested. In preparation for the tests a civilian expert attaches the tail fins to a huge bomb. The fins are kept separate from the bomb until just before being loaded into a bomber. Otherwise, being of light metal construction, there is danger of their being bent, impairing their directive effec tiveness. The red flag serves as^warning to other workmen to keep at a safe distance. A. P. s Reply Board Denies News Service Breaks Law B> the Associated Press. NEW YORK, Aug. 28.—The fol lowing statement of the Board of Di rectors of the Associated Press was issued by President Robert McLean today in connection with the Gov ernment’s anti-trust complaint: The Associated Press nas invaded the lawful rights of no one in the great and unsurpassed service that it has rendered to the reading public for the last 42 years. What is charged against it is no more, at bottom, than this: That it seeks to protect its members who have invested their skill, their work and their money in its growth. The Associated Press will resist the present proceedings as without merit in either law or fact. Co-operative News Organization. The Associated Press in its present form was incorporated in New York on May 22, 1900. It is a co-opera tive news organization conducted without profit for its member news papers. This means that each member is obligated to serve the news that it gathers in its local com munity to all other members out side of its community and when it does so adequately it fulfills its obligation to the other members of the Associated Press. The member ship of the Associated Press includes newspapers of all classes and types. It has no barriers of politics or faith or color. It is this co-operative ownership which guarantees a fair and accurate news service to the citizens of this country. When the Associated Press was organized in 1900, as the successor to a long series of other press as sociations of the same name, some of them true co-operatives, but others devoted to private profit, the Sherman Act, under which these proceedings are taken, was already 10 years old. U, S. Newspapers Faced Menace. There was no hint at that time that the charter granted by the State of New York was in conflict with the terms or intent of the act, which had been passed in 1890, as every one knows, to abate and pre vent monopolies or combinations in restraint of trade. The immediate predecessor of the present Associated Press, the Asso ciated Press of Illinois, had been organized in 1893. three years after (See REPLY, Page 2-X.) t This photograph was taken a mile from the blast with a telescopic lens as a one-tonner exploded with an earth-shaking crash, sending flame, smoke and earth 2,000 feet into the air. —Army Photos. Colombia Lawmakers Duel BOGOTA, Columbia, Aug. 28 (/Pi - Representative Manuel Castro was wounded slightly last night during an exchange of five pistol shots be tween two other legislators at a session of the House of Representa tives. Eyewitnesses said the shoot ing was between Representative Ef raim Del Valle and Carlos Arturo Pareja after Mr. Pareja struck Mr. Del Valle on the face. Markets at a Glance NEW YORK, Aug. 28 (/Pi.— Stocks steady; light buying con tinues. Bonds even; rails in de mand. Cotton strong; heavy trade and commission house buy ing. CHICAGO. — Wheat sharply higher; short covering, mill buy ing. Corn shared in advance of other grains. Hogs. 10-20 lower; top. $15; contemplated ceilings made buyers cautious. Cattle, fresh arrivals steady; holdover steers, yearlings weak. > - Plane Factory Is Objective; All Craft Return U. S. Army Spitfires Also Are in Action On Coast Sweeps B> (he Associated Press. LONDON. Aug. 28.—United States Flying Fortresses, striking over France in their sixth attack of the war, bombed the airplane factory at Meaulte near Albert, Northern France, today and all returned safely. Spitfires flown bv y.embers of the United States Army Air Force also took part in the daylight operations. They were among the many squad rons of fighters which carried out sweeps from St. Omer to Etretat, a communique said. The text of the announcement from the United States Army head quarters and the British Air Min istry said: “This afternoon Flying Fortresses <B-17s> of the United States Army Air Force escorted by Spitfires of the RAF, Dominion and Allied forces, bombed an airplane factory at Meaulte near Albert. “Many other squadrons of fighters, including United States Army Air Force Spitfires, carried out sweeps from St. Omer to Etretat. “All of the Frying Fortresses re turned safely. One of the fighters of the RCAF is missing. One enemy fighter was destroyed.’* Iron Shot, Outsider, Wins Saratoga 'Cap Bs the Associated Press. SARATOGA RACETRACK, N. Y„ Aug. 28.—The Saratoga Steeple chase Handicap, richest and longest Jumping stake of the meeting, re sulted in an upset score for the one-time flat runner, Iron Shot, here this afternoon. The red roan 5-year-old, which represents the one-horse stable of Miss Ella Wide ner, daughter of P, A. B. Widener, drove up on the inside after clear ing 19 obstacles over the “about miles” distance and earned the $3,125 first money by a half length la »:U 4-5. Kent Miller's Elkridge, the top weight under 149 pounds, was sec ond by a length and a half, with H. E. Talbott's Brother Jones third. Invader and Gulliver 2d brought up the rear. Iron Shot carried 136 pounds and paid $17. Elkridge was a slight choice over Invader. Margaret Osborne Beats Mrs. Baba Lewis, 6-1,6-3 (Earlier Story on Page1’ A-16.) By The Associated Press. New York. Aug. 28.—Margaret Osborne of San Francisco opened the second day's play in the na tional tennis championships at For est Hills with a 6—1, 6—3 victory over Mrs. Baba Madden Lewis of Chicago. Miss Osborne, third seed ed woman player, so far outclassed her rival that Mrs. Lewis scored only five placements in the entire match. E. Victor Seixas, jr„ of Philadel phia, one of the East's best young players, employed a devastating service in defeating Frank Bowden, New York veteran. 6—4, 6—2, 9_7. Seixas did not lose his service once during the match. William Talbert of Cincinnati, who defeated Ted Schroeder, jr„ in the final of this year's Newport tournament and is seeded fourth in the championships, scored a quick victory over William Tully of New York. 6—1, 6—0, 6—2. Harris Everett of Orlando, seeded seventh, similarly dusted off his first opponent, Edward Gilbert of Huntington. N. Y„ fr—1, 6—0, 6—1 Dire Need of Hospital Beds In D. C.r McCarran Says Chairman McCarran of the Sen ate District Committee today an nounced his belief that Washington ‘ is in desperate need” of additional hospital space far above the 550 new beds planned by the Federal Works Agency. The Senator based his conclusion on reports gathered in the past few days by R. F. Camalier, committee counsel, from all local hospitals. He detided to seek first-hand informa tion on existing congestion after the Federal Works Agency informed him last week that scarcity of build ing materials made it necessary to reduce an earlier estimate of 1700 beds to 550. Senator McCarran said the in formation coming to the committee indicated that the majority^ of hos pitals are filled to capacity and in some cases have used sun parlors and hallways to meet demands Art Finney Takes Lead In Trapshoot Handicap (Earlier Story on Page A-16.) P> the Associated Press. VANDAL!A. Ohio., Aug. 28.—Art Finney, Mankato (Minn.) dry cleaner and big game hunter, took the lead in the $10,000 Grand Amer ican Handicap trapshoot today with 193 out of 200. Less than half the field had fin ished when Finney added a 97 to his 96 of yesterday and experts pre dicted the score would stand up for the 43d championship. He shot from the 23-yard line. George Kenmitz. 19, of Houston, Tex., missed only one target out of 100 for a 192 tie with A. H. Ammon of Peotone, 111.