Newspaper Page Text
Two Extra Paget
In This Edition Late cmp* and sport* an covered on Pages 1-X and 2-X of this edition of ■ A?18 8tar, supplementing the news of the regular home delivered edition. Closing N. Y. Markets—Sale*, Paga,19. Investing in Victory Every payday invest in U. 8. Savings Bonds and Stamps, the soundest securities In the World. The Treasury needs 10 per cent of everybody’s Income or earnings to help Win the War. UP) Mean* Associated Proas. 90th YEAR. No. 36,011. __WASHINGTON, D. CM FRIDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1942 Washington m tt tj i,' r-’ ppytc Elsewhere .and Suburbs i-tiixlLiVj FIVE CENTS Tunisia Toll Heavy on Both Sides, New Clash for Key Triangle Near; Nazis Move Up Reserves in Russia German Attempts' To Retake Points In Africa Repulsed *!' the Associated Press. LONDON, Dec 4.—American and British troops massed for a new showdown with Axis forces in Tunisia today after a bitter 48-hour battle in which they re pulsed a series of desperate Ger man attempts to" recapture key points on the approaches to Tu nis and Bizerte. An Allied spokesman in North Africa declared that losses in the last two days had been heavy on both sides and that the edge in the impending test of strength “will go to the one who regains his strength more quickly.” The scene of action was the tri angle formed by the towns of Te bourbft. Djedeida and Mateur. situ ated astride the vital railway be tween Tunis and Bizerte. (The Italian high command de clared today that Axis forces had captured an important position in Tunisia, but did not name the site, a communique said 756 prisoners, including 300 British parachutists, had been captured. < j Nazi Effort Fails. Knowing that control of this tri angle is the key to the whole situ ation in Tunisia, the Germans made a supreme attempt to eject the Al lies but failed, the Allied spokesman said, although Djedeida—12 miles northwest of Tunis—changed hands several times. At present, he declared. Allied troops are holding the western part of that town and are in control of both Tebourba and Mateur. Ta bourba Is about 20 miles west of Tunis and 35 miles south of Bizerte. while Mateur is 12 miles south of Bizerte. The Allied spokesman estimated that the Germans have about 14.000 combat, troops in the battle area and said it was evident they "intend to j Troops Had Landed From 5 Transports Sunk Off Africa By the Associated Pres*. WITH UNITED STATES NAVAL FORCES AT CASA BLANCA. Nov. 16 (Delayed *.— Loss of life was low when sub marines sank five American > transports after the initial landing operations along the North African coast as the troops already had left the ships. Three other transports, a destroyer and a tanker were damaged. (This was the first word that the troops had gotten off safely beforehand.! The American shelling and bombing were so accurate that casualties and destruction out side the harbor area were al most nil. Of eight French ships which sallied from the harbor to fight, all but one were sunk or damaged. stay in Tunisia until the last pos sible moment.” "The Germans always have de rided the British for Dunkerque.” he added, "and maybe they are out to prove they are ready to die for the Fuehrer.” The Nazis hurled strong armored forces into action in their attempts to oust the Allies from Tebourba and Diedeida. and the field was dotted with wrecked tanks when the smoke of battle cleared, the spokesman said. Heavier Nazi Assault. An Allied communique described the second and final German coun terattack near Tebourba as even heavier than the assault -the Nazis launched there the day before and said it was “repulsed wdth consid erable destruction of enemy equip ment." The communique told of continu ing Allied air attacks on airdromes at. both Tunis and Bizerte. and said especially heavy damage had been done at the former, with many enemy aircraft destroyed on the ground. A spokesman of the 12th United States Air Force reported that American airmen alone had shot down five enemy planes in combat (Continued on Page A-18, Column 3' White House Sets Good Example by Cutting Car Use President Roosevelt today cited a cut of nearly one-half in the use of White House automobiles as a good example for other branches of the Government as well as individual Americans. As a result of efforts to cut down on the use of gasoline and conserve tires,. Mr. Roosevelt said the mileage of White House cars had decreased from 18,403 miles in November. 1941. to 10,733 in November, 1942. The President said 13 cars are in operation by the White House. Two of those in use last year have been given up and two others retained have not been used. The number in use includes automobiles used for carrying mail and for other activ itiesr as w'ell as those for personal use, Mr. Roosevelt added. Additional saving in gasoline and tires has been effected by some; members of the White House staff, who use lighter automobiles than the big cars previously provided for them. ►-—_____ 8,000 to 10,000 Jap Troops Lost as Navy Sinks Nine Ships Guadalcanal Landing Smashed at Cost Of One Cruiser in Third Round of Battle Bj the Associated Press Smashing another major Jap anese effort to bolster their tired and dwindling ranks on Guad alcanal Island, United States warships have destroyed nine more enemy vessels with an es timated loss of thousands of enemy troops. One American cruiser was sunk. Two Japanese transports, a cargo ship and six escorting warships were sent to the bottom of the Solomon Islands waters, the Navy reported late yesterday, when the enemy armada blundered into an Amer ican naval trap under cover of dark ness Monday night. The Navy announced today that 14 Japanese were killed during routine patrol operations in Guadalcanal yesterday. There was no information as to the area of the island in which the ! patrols were in action in this latest of several Navy reports showing that small groups of American marines and soldiers were keeping Japanese outposts on the island under con stant pressure. Monday night's attempted landing was completely frustrated, the Navy said Only a few sailors, rescued from life rafts the following day, reached Guadalcanal as prisoners. The rest, including probably 8.000 to 10.000 troops on the transports, ap parently were lost. Aside from the cruiser sunk in the night sea battle, "other United States vessels” were damaged, the communique added. Among the Mikado's sunken warships, the Navy listed four destroyers and two other ships which either were cruisers or heavy destroyers. Thus the tropical w-aters around the Solomons now envelop at least (See PACIFIC, Page A-18 > Nazis Say Americans Are on Defensive in Battle of Tunisia Still-Continuing Fight Declared Going in Favor of Axis B» thi» Associated Press. BERLIN i From German Broad casts), Dec. 4.—A Transocean dispatch asserted today that American forces in Tunisia are on the defensive, pressed closely together, in a still-continuing battle, which is going in favor | of the Axis in the region of Te bourba. "A group of 60 enemy parachut ists which landed south of Tunis has been surrounded and is facing an nihilation." the dispatch said. • The announcement did not repeat the claim, made by the. German radio yesterday, but not by the high command itself, that Tebourba, a rail junction 35 miles south of Blzerte and 20 miles west of Tunis, was in Axis hands. Al lied headauarters said last night that the Germans had been hurled back in a second counter attack in the Tebourba area and that both sides were regrouping after suffering heavy lasses in a 48-hour tank battle.) The high command said German troops captured important positions and took 754 prisoners in Tunisia ] and Italian troops yesterday de stroyed a unit of British parachut ists. • The Italian high command, in a communique issued earlier, said German troops had captured 456 Allied soldiers and an Italian bat talion rounded up 300 British parachutists.) Port installations at Bone, Allied occupied port of Eastern Algeria, were raided by night, the German communique said. Little activity except artillery fire and patrol operations was reported from the Libyan front. One German - Italian scouting patrol was said to have sliced deep into the British flank south of Gasr El Brega and captured two tanks with their crews. Gasr El Brega is on the shore of the Gulf of Sirte about 25 miles northeast of El Agheila. Axis planes were credited with hits also on truck columns and tank concentrations in the same area. Night air attacks, the radio said, set fires amid an Allied supply column near Derna and destroyed six anti aircraft battery positions at Tobruk 16 U. S. Survivors Landed LISBON. Dec. 4 (/P).—Sixteen American survivors of the American schooner Star of Scotland were re ported today to have been landed at Mossamedes. in Portuguese An gola, West Africa. The Star of Scotland was torpedoed in the At lantic November 13. The Navy's Report On Pearl Harbor For the first time the Navy Department next Sunday re veals the full details of the surprise Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, just a year ago next Monday. In addition, many graphic hitherto undis closed pictures of the havoc wrought on the fleet in the attack are released. War on the Home Front— The Office of War Informa tion gives a year’s review on what we have accomplished to. keep the fighting man sup plied with weapons. One Year at War— Blair Bolles summarizes the first 12 months of America’s pa/t in the world conflict. In the Editorial Section next Sunday in fcuttimg fctarf Allied Aircraft Sink 2 More Merchantmen In Convoy Off Tunisia Nazi Facilities in Tunis And Bizerte Also Attacked Heavily B? the Associated Pres* CAIRO, Dec. 4.—Allied air craft, continuing their attacks on German supply lines in the Mediterranean, have sunk two more merchant ships in an at tack on a southbound convoy off the coast of Tunisia, a British communique announced today. (Soon after this attack, the Admiralty disclosed later. Brit ish light naval forces sank an Italian torpedo boat "which had formed part of the escort of the southbound enemy convoy."» The sinkings took place Wednes day night, the announcement said, and coincided with heavy aerial at tacks on Bizerte and Tunis, where hits were scored on fuel storage tanks, docks and workshops. Allied long-range fighters simul taneausly attacked a southbound train near Gabes. Tunisia. The same night, the communique said, heavy and medium Allied bombers winged across the Mediter ranean to smash at the Axis airfield at Candaia, Crete, where they start ed many fires. An Allied long-range fighter was reported to have attacked an enemy destroyer yesterday off the North African coast, but the results ap parently were uncertain. Despite the scope of the Allied aerial operations only one plane was reported lost. Two German planes were reported shot down. There was no action of any im portance yesterday on the Libyan land front, the communique said. Axis Survivors Passed Up Because of Lurking Sub By WES GALLAGHER, Associated Press War Correspondent.. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. North Africa, Dec. 3 (Delayed(.—British naval officers told today how the waters between Sicily and Tunisia were left filled with German troops Tuesday night by the Royal Navy's destruction of three Axis destroyers and four merchantmen but the presence of a U-boat kept them from picking up any survivors. Tire night engagement was con cluded without a single Allied cas ualty, they said. (The Admiralty originally an nounced yesterday that two de stroyers and foui merchantment of a Tunisia-bound convoy were sunk. Allied headquarters in North Africa in a later report gave the Axis losses as three de stroyers and four merchantmen, at least two of which appeared to be troopships. The Admiralty said it accepted the later, larger figure as correct. (While the operation was car ried out without a casualty, the British force was attacked later from the air during its return to (See CAIRO, Page A-5.) Canadian Prime Minister Pays Visit to White House President Roosevelt and Prime Minister W. L. Mackenzie King of Canada today began a week end of discussions about what Mr. Roose velt termed some of the deeper problems of humanity after the war. The Prime Minister arrived at the White House this morning, and the President became so engrossed in talking with him that he was half an hour late for his press confer ence scheduled at 10:30 am. Mr. Mackenzie King conferred later with Secretary of State HuH before re suming his talks with the Presi dent. Mr. Roosevelt said he and his guest planned a quiet week end. The discussions are being held with emphasis on the conviction that the United States and Canada have essentially similar problems, Mr. Roosevelt said. ^ \ Ill-Trained Men See Action on Eastern Front B> the Associated Press. MOSCOW, Dec. 4—The Ger mans were reported rushing ill trained reserves into action on j the central front east of Velikie j Luki and west of Rzhev today in a desperate but futile effort to j stop a Russian offensive knifing deep into the Nazi lines. Front line dispatches said many of the German infantry units be ing thrown into the battle were hastily formed from the ranks of : technicians, engineer-, or air force ground crews and were led by pu pils and teachers from officers’ training schools. The midday communique of the Soviet Information Bureau said the Germans were launching repeated counterattacks on the central front but declared they were all repulsed and that the Red Army's offensive was continuing. Several thousand more Germans were slain in the fighting and large quantities of booty w'ere captured by the advancing Russian troops, the bulletin said. Counterattacks Repulsed. j The same communique also spoke j of German counterattacks in the j Stalingrad area, but here, too, it declared, the invaders were thrown back with a loss of some 850 men. Red Star, official army organ, re ported that the last Germans had been driven from the northern part of the Don elbow northwest of Stalingrad and said the Russians now were turning their attention to enemy strong points on the east bank holding open the jaws of the pincers squeezing the Nazi siege army. For the third successive day the Information Bureau, in its early morning communique, announced that Russian troops had driven the Germans from a strategic height on the left bank of the Don north west of Stalingrad, where the Red Army is trying to push southward and encircle the Nazi forces be sieging the city. Position Overrun. The position, strongly fortified, was overrun in fierce hand-to-hand fighting in which the Germans lost 300 men, 10 blockhouses and five guns, the Russians said. Southwest of Stalingrad, where the Red Army is reaching out an other encircling claw, Russians troops were said to have slain 1,200 Germans and destroyed 28 block houses. 13 tanks and 90 trucks in continuing offensive operations. Inside Stalingrad itself, the bul letin said, Soviet troops dislodged the Germans from a number of buildings in the northern factory area and wiped out a company of infantry, while in the southern out skirts of the city they captured a Nazi strongpoint covering the enemy flank in that area. 50 Planes Destroyed. The Russian air force, meanwhile, was reported to have destroyed 50 German planes in the Stalingrad sector—including 40 big transports ; used for ferrying reinforcements to the front. Only last Sunday the Russians reported the destruction of 46 such transports. The Russians said they had over come stubborn enemy resistance to | make a new advance west of Rzhev, ! which is 130 miles northwest of Moscow. “ ’N’ unit broke through a strongly fortified defense line and came out j to a branch railway line, capturing the area of the station." the earlier communique said. "Another unit cleared the Germans out of several ! inhabited localities, annihilating : 1.000 German officers and men and destroying six tanks and 150 trucks." i Polish Ambassador's Son Killed in Action I By rh# Associated Press. j Polish Ambassador Jan Ciechan j owski received notification today of , the death of his son Wladvslaw, 19, killed in action with the Royal Air Force. It was only last August that young Ciechanowski received his wings after completion of training at an RAF training station in California. The Ambassador went to California at that time and personally pinned the emblem on his son’s tunic. / HERE WE'VE GOT \ / To DO THE GREATEST ) / FOOD PRODUCING JOB ) \ IN HISTORY AND THAT f ( FARMER’S NOT TURNINGJ \ A WHEEL ! ~^X ^Toh.hes working allI } RIGHT, MR SECRETARY., ; [ ...HE’5 IN THE HOUSE l FILLING OUT ANOTHER \ QUESTIONNAIRE v--——y Engineer in Wreck Fatal to 13 Given 21-Year Sentence Action Resulting From B. & 0. Crash Believed To Establish Precedent Bv PAT JONES, St*t Staff Correspondent. ROCKVILLE. Md.. Dec. 4 — Raymond Rufus McClelland. 59, of Baltimore, engineer of the B. &z O, flyer which plowed into the rear of another passinger train, killing 13 persons, at Dickerson September 24, was sentenced in Montgomery County Circuit Court here today to serve two and one-half years in the Mary land House of Correction at Jessup. Before pronouncing sentence. Judge Charles W Woodward over ruled a defense motion for a new trial based on the contention that the negligence of which the en gineer had been found guilty was not "criminal, culpable negligence to justify conviction of manslaughter." McClelland's attorneys said they had no immediate plans for an ap peal. Believed to Set Precedent. An official at the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers here, asked if he knew of any other case of an en gineer being sent to jail in a wreck conviction, replied that he “knew of nonr." The Interstate Commerce Commission said that it had “no interest" in the court proceedings after its investigations and therefore had no record of previous court action. Tlie engineer's conviction was on a specific charge of manslaughter in the death of Dr. Frederick Hoch steter of Pittsburgh. Similar charges have been filed against him for the death of the 12 other vic tims but State Attorney Ben G. Wilkinson, when questioned by the court, said he would follow the customary procedure in such in stances and nolle prosse the other cases. The prisoner sat today directly in front of the courtroom seat oc cupied by his wife, who was in tears most of the time. She was not present at his trial earlier this week. As the court prepared to pass sentence, McClelland, whose service record included 32 years as an engi neer. was asked if he had any rea son to offer why he should not be punished. He stood up, undecidedly at first, and then said in a voice shaken by emotion: "No. sir. I believe not. I be lieve I have been punished enough as it was.’’ Judges Hold Conference. Sentence was passed by Judge Woodward after he had retired from the court and conferred for a few minutes with Judge Stedman Prescott, sitting juintly in the case. On returning he made the following statement to the prisoner: "Your counsel referred to your action as mistake, but the jury found your act was culpable negli gence. There is no question that if a man violates the rules of a rail fSee MCCLELLAND, Page A-18J Manufacture of Ice Cream, Frozen Milk Desserts Curtailed By the A»soci«ted Pre«». The War Production Board today curtailed the commercial manufac ture of ice cream, frozen custard, milk sherbet and other frozen des serts of ice cream mix during Decem ber and January to conserve butter fat for butter. But Government officials were quick to point out that it was not planned to ban ice cream manufac ture, though some new and fruity flavors might replace old standbys. During December and January, commercial manufacture of ice cream and other frozen desserts is limited to 60 per cent of October output. WPB said, however, that the actual reduction would be only about 20 per cent, since the manufacture of ice cream in December and Jan uary is below that in October. The order provides that formulas used by manufacturers during Oc tober must not be cha d. WPB said this meant that the quality of all brands must be preserved at pres ent levels, though flavors and color ing may be changed. Further Order Expected. The WPB's Pood Requirements Committee recommended issuance of the order as a temporary measure to help relieve, during December and January, the mo6t critical butter shortage in 10 years. WPB said a "more comprehensive" order would be issued later. Clyde E. Beardslee, chief of WPB's dairy products section, said the but ter fat saved by the order would be sufficient to make 3,300.000 pounds of butter during December, equiva lent to approximately 3 per cent of the total butter output in December, 1941. It seems that ice cream is a food and not. a confection, which makes it one of the necessities; Besides. (See ICE CREAM, >Page A-18.) 2-Ton Howitzers Sent 1,500 Miles By Air to Front By the Associated Press. SOMEWHERE IN NEW GUINEA, Dec. 4.—American 105-millimeter howitzers — whose effectiveness against Nazi steel in North Africa won Prime Minister Churchil's praise—have been flown 1.500 miles from Australia and have gone into action against the Japanese cling ing to their Buna-Gona positions in the New Guinea jungles, it was disclosed today. Military experts said it was the first time in American Army his tory that artillery of that type was transported by air The howitzer weighs two tons. Each gun with its crew of eight men, ammunition, spare parts and a small tractor, was flown to New Guinea in Flying Fortresses at a load weight of more than 10,000 pounds. t Senators Approve Plan To Control Rent on Commercial Property Amendment Assures That District Act Will Remain in Force Bv J. A. O'LEARY. The Senate Banking Commit tee today approved a modified plan of rent control on commer-1 cial property in defense areas throughout the country, with an amendment to make sure the District’s separate rent act will continue to apply to residential property here. As it. passed the House October 15, the bill gave the Federal Govern ment broad control over rents for commercial property anywhere in the United States or its posses sions. The Senate substitute con fines the control to property being used by a war contractor, or within particular defense areas. since Washington is a defense area, the measure would make it passible for OPA to control at least some industrial or commercial rents here through the Price Control Act. The Senate committe. however, wrote in an amendment specifically preserving the existing setup for control of residential rents in the District. During the hearings. Corporation Counsel Keech told the Senators there was “a real danger" that "a hiatus" in District rent control might occur if any attempt were made to transfer the problem from the existing local agency to a Fed eral rent administrator. It was feared the House bill left some doubt as to the continued life of the local law. The Senate committee laid down certain conditions that must exist to invoke Federal control of com mercial rents. The bill provides specifically for “the stabilization or reduction of the rent of industrial or commercial real property wherever situated provided that such industrial or commercial real property is being utilized by any contractor or subcontractor en gaged in the production of war ma terials. or is being utilized within a particular defense area in securing adequate production and distribu tion of commodities within such par ticular defense rental area. "If within 60 days after the issuance of any such recommendations rents for any such defense area * * * have not in the judgment of the administrator been stabilized or re duced by State of local regulation, or otherwise, in accordance with the recommendations, the administrator may by regulation or order establish such maximum rent or maximum rents for such accommodations as in his judgment will be generally fair and equitable and will effectu ate the purposes of this act • • GUIDE FOR READERS Page. Amusements C-8 Comics C-10-11 Editorial \..A-10 Editorial Articles _ A-11 Finance A-18 Legal Notices, C'M Page. Lost and Pound _A-3 Obituary ...A-12 Radio._C-1» Society.B-3 Sports_D 1-2 Where to Go, C-7 Woman 8 Pg., D-3 Job oi Mobilizing Manpower Expected To Go to Byrnes New Labor Program To Be Ready in Few Days, President Reports By JESSE O. IRVIN. Reports were circulated in Congress today that President Roosevelt might ask James F. Byrnes, economic stabilization director, to assume control over the Nation's mobilization of its labor force. The President told his press con ference today that he expected to have a new manpower program tc | announce soon. He would not | promise the exact time, but indi cated it would come within a few 1 days. He also said he would have something soon on a food adminis ; trator. Mr. Roosevelt, according to labot sources, may confer with his AFL CIO Victory Committee early next week on his reported plan to trans fer the Selective Service Systerr to the War Manpower Commission and to revise and strengthen Chair man Paul V. McNutt's powers. Labor sources are reported to have been informed that Mr. Roosevelt plans to hold in abeyance his pro posal to concentrate all manpower functions In the Labor Department under Secretary of Interior Ickes. Other authoritative sources have substantiated this report. McNutt to Retain Title. Mr McNutt, who was slated for the Interior portfolio, is to remain manpower head, while the President is reported to be casting about for an administrator to succeed Arthur J. Altmeyer, the commission's re tiring executive director. The Presi dent is said by labor sources to be desirous of obtaining a “strong man” for this position which would be responsible for integrating selec tive service functions with other WMP operations. Mr. Altmeyer. an expert In em ployment fields, is preparing to de vote full time to his position as Social Security Board chairman be cause the administration may seek expansion and extension of insur ance coverage under the Social Security Act. Mr. Altmeyer is said to be slated to guide the proposal through legislative channels. ft is understood the President feels the 11-member commission is not performing to the best of its ability and that Mr. McNutt's position should be strengthened. Practically each commission representative is reported to be more concerned with manpower problems within his own jurisdiction than in working out a policy of benefit to all. Talks With Labor Leaders. Meeting with labor leaders yester day, the President is reported to have gone over several of the out standing manpower problems and informed members he would request them to return in three or four days to look over his program on paper. No action is indicated, it was said, until his so-called labor cabinet has had an opportunity to review the reorganization plan. The chairmen of five congressional committees studying the manpower situation hailed the report that Mr.! Roosevelt would transfer selective service to WMC as a step in the right, direction. The chairmen, however, withheld comment of Mr. Roosevelt's reported decision not to place, at least for the time being, all manpower operations in the Labor Department. Earlier in the week, the committee chairmen issued a joint statement commending the President’s propo sal to restore in the Labor Depart ment many of its transplanted func | tions. The proposed transfer of selec <&ee MANPOWESTPage A-18.) ~ — Lehman Will Take Oath j As Relief Chief Today Herbert H. Lehman, who re signed Wednesday as Governor of New York, was to take oath of office at the White House late today as director of Foreign Relief and Re habilitation Operations. Secretary of State Hull and other officials were scheduled to witness the ceremony in President Roose velt’s office. » Roosevelt Halts All WPA Work As Unnecessary Orders Liquidation Of Project in Letter To Gen. Fleming Bv GARNETT D. HORNER. President Roosevelt today or dered “prompt liquidation” of . the Work Projects Administra tion because the tremendous in- <* crease in private employment makes a Federal work relief program ”no longer necessary.” In a letter to Maj. Gen. Philip B, Fleming, Federal works administra tor. the President directed the "closing out of all work relief proj ect operations” in many States by February 1 and in other States “as soon thereafter as feasible.” He pointed out that his action will make it unnecessary for the next fiscal year budget to provide any funds for the WPA. and that it will conserve “a large amount” of the funds already appropriated. While saying there would be no need for WPA “project funds” In the next budget, the President In dicated that a skeleton organization might be continued by pointing out WPA's “knowledge and experience would be valuable in the post-war period.” Defends Relief Program. Mr. Roosevelt declared 'experi ence has amply justified” the policy on which the Federal work relief program was started seven years —"that providing useful work is J superior to any and every kind of dole"—and added: With the satisfaction of a good job well done and with a high sense of integrity, the Work Proj ects Administration has asked for and earned an honorable discharge. in his letter to Gen. Fleming, - Mr. Roosevelt said certain groups of workers who still remain on the diminished WPA rolls "may have to > be given a.ssistance by the States and localities,” while others wilt be able to find ' work on farms or in industry” as private employment continues to increase. Some Works to Be Finished. I Some of the certified war projects | which the WPA has under way "may have to be taken over by other units I of the Federal Works Agency or by other departments of the Federal Government.” the President sug gested. He added that "State or loca] projects should be closed out by com pleting useful units of such projects or by arranging for the sponsors to carry on the work.” The President's letter to Gen. Fleming indicated that they had discussed the matter earlier as the ! result of a suggestion by the admin istrator that it was time to end the WPA program. "I agree,” the President wrote Gen. Fleming, “that you should di ; rect the prompt liquidation of the affairs of the Work Projects Admin | istration, thereby conserving a large amount of the funds appropriated to this organization,” then added: "I am proud of the Work Projects Administration's organization. It has displayed courage and determi nation in the face of uninformed criticism. The knowledge and ex perience of this organization will be of great assistance in the considera tion of a well-rounded public works program for the post war period.” The WPA spent *10.468.249.000 be | tween the time it was established in the summer of 1935 and last June 30. Rolls Down 90 Per Cent. Mr. Roosevelt's order came when the organization had shrunk to one tenth of w’hat it was in its hey-day. The WPA reported that the’num ber of persons on its rolls had dropped to 354,619 by November 24, compared wdth a peak employment of 3.334,594 back in November, 1938. WPA's appropriation from Con gress for the fiscal year begun last July 1 was $280,000,000, a marked cut from the $875,000,000 allowed It the year before, and a big slash from the peak allowance of $2,250,000,000 it got for the year ended June 30. 1939. The cut in funds, the shifting ofc WPA workers to industrial payrolls with the rising demand for man power for war production—and & program tightening up by WPA it self—were termed contributing causes for the decline. , New Projects Held Up. The WPA already had adopted a policy of not starting new projects unless the sponsor showed a definite employment need in the local com munity. It also considered whether the project would contribute in soma way to the war effort. Also. Gen. Fleming had directed that all employes and those await ing assignment be classified as fol lows : .i ~ 1. Those qualified for immediate placement in war industries or agri- » culture. _2 Those suitable for training and i See WPA, Page A-3.) $397,817 I . STILL NEEDED! This can be raised IF: 903 people each give..$100 1,920 people each give.. 5Q 3,796 people each give.. 25 4,385 people each give.. 10 8,910 people each give.. 5 28,217 people each give.. 1 Help finish the job by sending a new gift or an additional one to the— COMMUNITY WAR FUND, 1101 M St N.W.