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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 04, 1942, Image 2

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Two Extra Paget
In This Edition
Late cmp* and sport* an covered on
Pages 1-X and 2-X of this edition of
■ A?18 8tar, supplementing the news of
the regular home delivered edition.
Closing N. Y. Markets—Sale*, Paga,19.
Investing in Victory
Every payday invest in U. 8.
Savings Bonds and Stamps, the
soundest securities In the World.
The Treasury needs 10 per cent of
everybody’s Income or earnings to
help Win the War.
UP) Mean* Associated Proas.
90th YEAR. No. 36,011.
__WASHINGTON, D. CM FRIDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1942
Washington m tt tj i,' r-’ ppytc Elsewhere
.and Suburbs i-tiixlLiVj FIVE CENTS
Tunisia Toll Heavy on Both Sides,
New Clash for Key Triangle Near;
Nazis Move Up Reserves in Russia
German Attempts'
To Retake Points
In Africa Repulsed
*!' the Associated Press.
LONDON, Dec 4.—American
and British troops massed for a
new showdown with Axis forces
in Tunisia today after a bitter
48-hour battle in which they re
pulsed a series of desperate Ger
man attempts to" recapture key
points on the approaches to Tu
nis and Bizerte.
An Allied spokesman in North
Africa declared that losses in the
last two days had been heavy on
both sides and that the edge in the
impending test of strength “will go
to the one who regains his strength
more quickly.”
The scene of action was the tri
angle formed by the towns of Te
bourbft. Djedeida and Mateur. situ
ated astride the vital railway be
tween Tunis and Bizerte.
(The Italian high command de
clared today that Axis forces had
captured an important position
in Tunisia, but did not name the
site, a communique said 756
prisoners, including 300 British
parachutists, had been captured. < j
Nazi Effort Fails.
Knowing that control of this tri
angle is the key to the whole situ
ation in Tunisia, the Germans made
a supreme attempt to eject the Al
lies but failed, the Allied spokesman
said, although Djedeida—12 miles
northwest of Tunis—changed hands
several times.
At present, he declared. Allied
troops are holding the western part
of that town and are in control of
both Tebourba and Mateur. Ta
bourba Is about 20 miles west of
Tunis and 35 miles south of Bizerte.
while Mateur is 12 miles south of
Bizerte.
The Allied spokesman estimated
that the Germans have about 14.000
combat, troops in the battle area and
said it was evident they "intend to j
Troops Had Landed
From 5 Transports
Sunk Off Africa
By the Associated Pres*.
WITH UNITED STATES
NAVAL FORCES AT CASA
BLANCA. Nov. 16 (Delayed *.—
Loss of life was low when sub
marines sank five American >
transports after the initial
landing operations along the
North African coast as the
troops already had left the
ships. Three other transports,
a destroyer and a tanker were
damaged.
(This was the first word
that the troops had gotten
off safely beforehand.!
The American shelling and
bombing were so accurate that
casualties and destruction out
side the harbor area were al
most nil.
Of eight French ships which
sallied from the harbor to
fight, all but one were sunk or
damaged.
stay in Tunisia until the last pos
sible moment.”
"The Germans always have de
rided the British for Dunkerque.”
he added, "and maybe they are out
to prove they are ready to die for
the Fuehrer.”
The Nazis hurled strong armored
forces into action in their attempts
to oust the Allies from Tebourba and
Diedeida. and the field was dotted
with wrecked tanks when the smoke
of battle cleared, the spokesman said.
Heavier Nazi Assault.
An Allied communique described
the second and final German coun
terattack near Tebourba as even
heavier than the assault -the Nazis
launched there the day before and
said it was “repulsed wdth consid
erable destruction of enemy equip
ment."
The communique told of continu
ing Allied air attacks on airdromes
at. both Tunis and Bizerte. and said
especially heavy damage had been
done at the former, with many
enemy aircraft destroyed on the
ground.
A spokesman of the 12th United
States Air Force reported that
American airmen alone had shot
down five enemy planes in combat
(Continued on Page A-18, Column 3'
White House Sets
Good Example by
Cutting Car Use
President Roosevelt today cited a
cut of nearly one-half in the use of
White House automobiles as a good
example for other branches of the
Government as well as individual
Americans.
As a result of efforts to cut down
on the use of gasoline and conserve
tires,. Mr. Roosevelt said the mileage
of White House cars had decreased
from 18,403 miles in November. 1941.
to 10,733 in November, 1942.
The President said 13 cars are in
operation by the White House. Two
of those in use last year have been
given up and two others retained
have not been used. The number in
use includes automobiles used for
carrying mail and for other activ
itiesr as w'ell as those for personal
use, Mr. Roosevelt added.
Additional saving in gasoline and
tires has been effected by some;
members of the White House staff,
who use lighter automobiles than the
big cars previously provided for
them.
►-—_____
8,000 to 10,000 Jap Troops
Lost as Navy Sinks Nine Ships
Guadalcanal Landing Smashed at Cost
Of One Cruiser in Third Round of Battle
Bj the Associated Press
Smashing another major Jap
anese effort to bolster their tired
and dwindling ranks on Guad
alcanal Island, United States
warships have destroyed nine
more enemy vessels with an es
timated loss of thousands of
enemy troops. One American
cruiser was sunk.
Two Japanese transports, a cargo
ship and six escorting warships were
sent to the bottom of the Solomon
Islands waters, the Navy reported
late yesterday, when the enemy
armada blundered into an Amer
ican naval trap under cover of dark
ness Monday night.
The Navy announced today that 14
Japanese were killed during routine
patrol operations in Guadalcanal
yesterday.
There was no information as to
the area of the island in which the
! patrols were in action in this latest
of several Navy reports showing that
small groups of American marines
and soldiers were keeping Japanese
outposts on the island under con
stant pressure.
Monday night's attempted landing
was completely frustrated, the Navy
said Only a few sailors, rescued
from life rafts the following day,
reached Guadalcanal as prisoners.
The rest, including probably 8.000 to
10.000 troops on the transports, ap
parently were lost.
Aside from the cruiser sunk in the
night sea battle, "other United
States vessels” were damaged, the
communique added. Among the
Mikado's sunken warships, the Navy
listed four destroyers and two other
ships which either were cruisers or
heavy destroyers.
Thus the tropical w-aters around
the Solomons now envelop at least
(See PACIFIC, Page A-18 >
Nazis Say Americans
Are on Defensive in
Battle of Tunisia
Still-Continuing Fight
Declared Going in
Favor of Axis
B» thi» Associated Press.
BERLIN i From German Broad
casts), Dec. 4.—A Transocean
dispatch asserted today that
American forces in Tunisia are
on the defensive, pressed closely
together, in a still-continuing
battle, which is going in favor |
of the Axis in the region of Te
bourba.
"A group of 60 enemy parachut
ists which landed south of Tunis has
been surrounded and is facing an
nihilation." the dispatch said.
• The announcement did not
repeat the claim, made by the.
German radio yesterday, but not
by the high command itself, that
Tebourba, a rail junction 35 miles
south of Blzerte and 20 miles west
of Tunis, was in Axis hands. Al
lied headauarters said last night
that the Germans had been
hurled back in a second counter
attack in the Tebourba area and
that both sides were regrouping
after suffering heavy lasses in a
48-hour tank battle.)
The high command said German
troops captured important positions
and took 754 prisoners in Tunisia ]
and Italian troops yesterday de
stroyed a unit of British parachut
ists.
• The Italian high command, in
a communique issued earlier, said
German troops had captured 456
Allied soldiers and an Italian bat
talion rounded up 300 British
parachutists.)
Port installations at Bone, Allied
occupied port of Eastern Algeria,
were raided by night, the German
communique said.
Little activity except artillery fire
and patrol operations was reported
from the Libyan front.
One German - Italian scouting
patrol was said to have sliced deep
into the British flank south of Gasr
El Brega and captured two tanks
with their crews. Gasr El Brega is
on the shore of the Gulf of Sirte
about 25 miles northeast of El
Agheila.
Axis planes were credited with
hits also on truck columns and tank
concentrations in the same area.
Night air attacks, the radio said, set
fires amid an Allied supply column
near Derna and destroyed six anti
aircraft battery positions at Tobruk
16 U. S. Survivors Landed
LISBON. Dec. 4 (/P).—Sixteen
American survivors of the American
schooner Star of Scotland were re
ported today to have been landed
at Mossamedes. in Portuguese An
gola, West Africa. The Star of
Scotland was torpedoed in the At
lantic November 13.
The Navy's Report
On Pearl Harbor
For the first time the Navy
Department next Sunday re
veals the full details of the
surprise Japanese attack on
Pearl Harbor, just a year ago
next Monday. In addition,
many graphic hitherto undis
closed pictures of the havoc
wrought on the fleet in the
attack are released.
War on the Home Front—
The Office of War Informa
tion gives a year’s review on
what we have accomplished to.
keep the fighting man sup
plied with weapons.
One Year at War—
Blair Bolles summarizes the
first 12 months of America’s
pa/t in the world conflict.
In the Editorial Section next
Sunday in
fcuttimg fctarf
Allied Aircraft Sink
2 More Merchantmen
In Convoy Off Tunisia
Nazi Facilities in Tunis
And Bizerte Also
Attacked Heavily
B? the Associated Pres*
CAIRO, Dec. 4.—Allied air
craft, continuing their attacks
on German supply lines in the
Mediterranean, have sunk two
more merchant ships in an at
tack on a southbound convoy off
the coast of Tunisia, a British
communique announced today.
(Soon after this attack, the
Admiralty disclosed later. Brit
ish light naval forces sank an
Italian torpedo boat "which had
formed part of the escort of the
southbound enemy convoy."»
The sinkings took place Wednes
day night, the announcement said,
and coincided with heavy aerial at
tacks on Bizerte and Tunis, where
hits were scored on fuel storage
tanks, docks and workshops.
Allied long-range fighters simul
taneausly attacked a southbound
train near Gabes. Tunisia.
The same night, the communique
said, heavy and medium Allied
bombers winged across the Mediter
ranean to smash at the Axis airfield
at Candaia, Crete, where they start
ed many fires.
An Allied long-range fighter was
reported to have attacked an enemy
destroyer yesterday off the North
African coast, but the results ap
parently were uncertain.
Despite the scope of the Allied
aerial operations only one plane was
reported lost. Two German planes
were reported shot down.
There was no action of any im
portance yesterday on the Libyan
land front, the communique said.
Axis Survivors Passed Up
Because of Lurking Sub
By WES GALLAGHER,
Associated Press War Correspondent..
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. North
Africa, Dec. 3 (Delayed(.—British
naval officers told today how the
waters between Sicily and Tunisia
were left filled with German troops
Tuesday night by the Royal Navy's
destruction of three Axis destroyers
and four merchantmen but the
presence of a U-boat kept them
from picking up any survivors.
Tire night engagement was con
cluded without a single Allied cas
ualty, they said.
(The Admiralty originally an
nounced yesterday that two de
stroyers and foui merchantment
of a Tunisia-bound convoy were
sunk. Allied headquarters in
North Africa in a later report
gave the Axis losses as three de
stroyers and four merchantmen,
at least two of which appeared to
be troopships. The Admiralty
said it accepted the later, larger
figure as correct.
(While the operation was car
ried out without a casualty, the
British force was attacked later
from the air during its return to
(See CAIRO, Page A-5.)
Canadian Prime Minister
Pays Visit to White House
President Roosevelt and Prime
Minister W. L. Mackenzie King of
Canada today began a week end of
discussions about what Mr. Roose
velt termed some of the deeper
problems of humanity after the war.
The Prime Minister arrived at the
White House this morning, and the
President became so engrossed in
talking with him that he was half
an hour late for his press confer
ence scheduled at 10:30 am. Mr.
Mackenzie King conferred later with
Secretary of State HuH before re
suming his talks with the Presi
dent.
Mr. Roosevelt said he and his
guest planned a quiet week end.
The discussions are being held
with emphasis on the conviction
that the United States and Canada
have essentially similar problems,
Mr. Roosevelt said. ^
\ Ill-Trained Men
See Action on
Eastern Front
B> the Associated Press.
MOSCOW, Dec. 4—The Ger
mans were reported rushing ill
trained reserves into action on
j the central front east of Velikie
j Luki and west of Rzhev today in
a desperate but futile effort to
j stop a Russian offensive knifing
deep into the Nazi lines.
Front line dispatches said many
of the German infantry units be
ing thrown into the battle were
hastily formed from the ranks of
: technicians, engineer-, or air force
ground crews and were led by pu
pils and teachers from officers’
training schools.
The midday communique of the
Soviet Information Bureau said the
Germans were launching repeated
counterattacks on the central front
but declared they were all repulsed
and that the Red Army's offensive
was continuing.
Several thousand more Germans
were slain in the fighting and large
quantities of booty w'ere captured
by the advancing Russian troops,
the bulletin said.
Counterattacks Repulsed.
j The same communique also spoke
j of German counterattacks in the
j Stalingrad area, but here, too, it
declared, the invaders were thrown
back with a loss of some 850 men.
Red Star, official army organ, re
ported that the last Germans had
been driven from the northern part
of the Don elbow northwest of
Stalingrad and said the Russians
now were turning their attention to
enemy strong points on the east
bank holding open the jaws of the
pincers squeezing the Nazi siege
army.
For the third successive day the
Information Bureau, in its early
morning communique, announced
that Russian troops had driven the
Germans from a strategic height
on the left bank of the Don north
west of Stalingrad, where the Red
Army is trying to push southward
and encircle the Nazi forces be
sieging the city.
Position Overrun.
The position, strongly fortified,
was overrun in fierce hand-to-hand
fighting in which the Germans lost
300 men, 10 blockhouses and five
guns, the Russians said.
Southwest of Stalingrad, where
the Red Army is reaching out an
other encircling claw, Russians
troops were said to have slain 1,200
Germans and destroyed 28 block
houses. 13 tanks and 90 trucks in
continuing offensive operations.
Inside Stalingrad itself, the bul
letin said, Soviet troops dislodged
the Germans from a number of
buildings in the northern factory
area and wiped out a company of
infantry, while in the southern out
skirts of the city they captured a
Nazi strongpoint covering the enemy
flank in that area.
50 Planes Destroyed.
The Russian air force, meanwhile,
was reported to have destroyed 50
German planes in the Stalingrad
sector—including 40 big transports
; used for ferrying reinforcements to
the front. Only last Sunday the
Russians reported the destruction
of 46 such transports.
The Russians said they had over
come stubborn enemy resistance to
| make a new advance west of Rzhev,
! which is 130 miles northwest of
Moscow.
“ ’N’ unit broke through a strongly
fortified defense line and came out
j to a branch railway line, capturing
the area of the station." the earlier
communique said. "Another unit
cleared the Germans out of several
! inhabited localities, annihilating
: 1.000 German officers and men and
destroying six tanks and 150 trucks."
i
Polish Ambassador's
Son Killed in Action
I
By rh# Associated Press.
j Polish Ambassador Jan Ciechan
j owski received notification today of
, the death of his son Wladvslaw,
19, killed in action with the Royal
Air Force.
It was only last August that young
Ciechanowski received his wings
after completion of training at an
RAF training station in California.
The Ambassador went to California
at that time and personally pinned
the emblem on his son’s tunic.
/ HERE WE'VE GOT \
/ To DO THE GREATEST )
/ FOOD PRODUCING JOB )
\ IN HISTORY AND THAT f
( FARMER’S NOT TURNINGJ
\ A WHEEL ! ~^X
^Toh.hes working allI
} RIGHT, MR SECRETARY., ;
[ ...HE’5 IN THE HOUSE
l FILLING OUT ANOTHER
\ QUESTIONNAIRE
v--——y
Engineer in Wreck
Fatal to 13 Given
21-Year Sentence
Action Resulting From
B. & 0. Crash Believed
To Establish Precedent
Bv PAT JONES,
St*t Staff Correspondent.
ROCKVILLE. Md.. Dec. 4 —
Raymond Rufus McClelland. 59,
of Baltimore, engineer of the B.
&z O, flyer which plowed into the
rear of another passinger train,
killing 13 persons, at Dickerson
September 24, was sentenced in
Montgomery County Circuit
Court here today to serve two
and one-half years in the Mary
land House of Correction at
Jessup.
Before pronouncing sentence.
Judge Charles W Woodward over
ruled a defense motion for a new
trial based on the contention that
the negligence of which the en
gineer had been found guilty was
not "criminal, culpable negligence to
justify conviction of manslaughter."
McClelland's attorneys said they
had no immediate plans for an ap
peal.
Believed to Set Precedent.
An official at the Brotherhood of
Locomotive Engineers here, asked if
he knew of any other case of an en
gineer being sent to jail in a wreck
conviction, replied that he “knew of
nonr." The Interstate Commerce
Commission said that it had “no
interest" in the court proceedings
after its investigations and therefore
had no record of previous court
action.
Tlie engineer's conviction was on
a specific charge of manslaughter in
the death of Dr. Frederick Hoch
steter of Pittsburgh. Similar
charges have been filed against him
for the death of the 12 other vic
tims but State Attorney Ben G.
Wilkinson, when questioned by the
court, said he would follow the
customary procedure in such in
stances and nolle prosse the other
cases.
The prisoner sat today directly
in front of the courtroom seat oc
cupied by his wife, who was in tears
most of the time. She was not
present at his trial earlier this week.
As the court prepared to pass
sentence, McClelland, whose service
record included 32 years as an engi
neer. was asked if he had any rea
son to offer why he should not be
punished. He stood up, undecidedly
at first, and then said in a voice
shaken by emotion:
"No. sir. I believe not. I be
lieve I have been punished enough
as it was.’’
Judges Hold Conference.
Sentence was passed by Judge
Woodward after he had retired
from the court and conferred for
a few minutes with Judge Stedman
Prescott, sitting juintly in the case.
On returning he made the following
statement to the prisoner:
"Your counsel referred to your
action as mistake, but the jury
found your act was culpable negli
gence. There is no question that
if a man violates the rules of a rail
fSee MCCLELLAND, Page A-18J
Manufacture of Ice Cream,
Frozen Milk Desserts Curtailed
By the A»soci«ted Pre«».
The War Production Board today
curtailed the commercial manufac
ture of ice cream, frozen custard,
milk sherbet and other frozen des
serts of ice cream mix during Decem
ber and January to conserve butter
fat for butter.
But Government officials were
quick to point out that it was not
planned to ban ice cream manufac
ture, though some new and fruity
flavors might replace old standbys.
During December and January,
commercial manufacture of ice
cream and other frozen desserts is
limited to 60 per cent of October
output. WPB said, however, that the
actual reduction would be only about
20 per cent, since the manufacture
of ice cream in December and Jan
uary is below that in October.
The order provides that formulas
used by manufacturers during Oc
tober must not be cha d. WPB
said this meant that the quality of
all brands must be preserved at pres
ent levels, though flavors and color
ing may be changed.
Further Order Expected.
The WPB's Pood Requirements
Committee recommended issuance of
the order as a temporary measure
to help relieve, during December and
January, the mo6t critical butter
shortage in 10 years. WPB said a
"more comprehensive" order would
be issued later.
Clyde E. Beardslee, chief of WPB's
dairy products section, said the but
ter fat saved by the order would be
sufficient to make 3,300.000 pounds
of butter during December, equiva
lent to approximately 3 per cent of
the total butter output in December,
1941.
It seems that ice cream is a food
and not. a confection, which makes
it one of the necessities; Besides.
(See ICE CREAM, >Page A-18.)
2-Ton Howitzers
Sent 1,500 Miles
By Air to Front
By the Associated Press.
SOMEWHERE IN NEW GUINEA,
Dec. 4.—American 105-millimeter
howitzers — whose effectiveness
against Nazi steel in North Africa
won Prime Minister Churchil's
praise—have been flown 1.500 miles
from Australia and have gone into
action against the Japanese cling
ing to their Buna-Gona positions
in the New Guinea jungles, it was
disclosed today.
Military experts said it was the
first time in American Army his
tory that artillery of that type was
transported by air
The howitzer weighs two tons.
Each gun with its crew of eight
men, ammunition, spare parts and
a small tractor, was flown to New
Guinea in Flying Fortresses at a
load weight of more than 10,000
pounds.
t
Senators Approve Plan
To Control Rent on
Commercial Property
Amendment Assures
That District Act Will
Remain in Force
Bv J. A. O'LEARY.
The Senate Banking Commit
tee today approved a modified
plan of rent control on commer-1
cial property in defense areas
throughout the country, with an
amendment to make sure the
District’s separate rent act will
continue to apply to residential
property here.
As it. passed the House October 15,
the bill gave the Federal Govern
ment broad control over rents for
commercial property anywhere in
the United States or its posses
sions. The Senate substitute con
fines the control to property being
used by a war contractor, or within
particular defense areas.
since Washington is a defense
area, the measure would make it
passible for OPA to control at least
some industrial or commercial rents
here through the Price Control Act.
The Senate committe. however,
wrote in an amendment specifically
preserving the existing setup for
control of residential rents in the
District.
During the hearings. Corporation
Counsel Keech told the Senators
there was “a real danger" that "a
hiatus" in District rent control
might occur if any attempt were
made to transfer the problem from
the existing local agency to a Fed
eral rent administrator. It was
feared the House bill left some
doubt as to the continued life of
the local law.
The Senate committee laid down
certain conditions that must exist
to invoke Federal control of com
mercial rents.
The bill provides specifically for
“the stabilization or reduction of the
rent of industrial or commercial real
property wherever situated provided
that such industrial or commercial
real property is being utilized by
any contractor or subcontractor en
gaged in the production of war ma
terials. or is being utilized within a
particular defense area in securing
adequate production and distribu
tion of commodities within such par
ticular defense rental area.
"If within 60 days after the issuance
of any such recommendations rents
for any such defense area * * *
have not in the judgment of the
administrator been stabilized or re
duced by State of local regulation,
or otherwise, in accordance with the
recommendations, the administrator
may by regulation or order establish
such maximum rent or maximum
rents for such accommodations as
in his judgment will be generally
fair and equitable and will effectu
ate the purposes of this act • •
GUIDE FOR READERS
Page.
Amusements C-8
Comics C-10-11
Editorial \..A-10
Editorial
Articles _ A-11
Finance A-18
Legal Notices,
C'M
Page.
Lost and
Pound _A-3
Obituary ...A-12
Radio._C-1»
Society.B-3
Sports_D 1-2
Where to Go, C-7
Woman 8 Pg., D-3
Job oi Mobilizing
Manpower Expected
To Go to Byrnes
New Labor Program
To Be Ready in Few
Days, President Reports
By JESSE O. IRVIN.
Reports were circulated in
Congress today that President
Roosevelt might ask James F.
Byrnes, economic stabilization
director, to assume control over
the Nation's mobilization of its
labor force.
The President told his press con
ference today that he expected to
have a new manpower program tc
| announce soon. He would not
| promise the exact time, but indi
cated it would come within a few
1 days. He also said he would have
something soon on a food adminis
; trator.
Mr. Roosevelt, according to labot
sources, may confer with his AFL
CIO Victory Committee early next
week on his reported plan to trans
fer the Selective Service Systerr
to the War Manpower Commission
and to revise and strengthen Chair
man Paul V. McNutt's powers.
Labor sources are reported to have
been informed that Mr. Roosevelt
plans to hold in abeyance his pro
posal to concentrate all manpower
functions In the Labor Department
under Secretary of Interior Ickes.
Other authoritative sources have
substantiated this report.
McNutt to Retain Title.
Mr McNutt, who was slated for
the Interior portfolio, is to remain
manpower head, while the President
is reported to be casting about for
an administrator to succeed Arthur
J. Altmeyer, the commission's re
tiring executive director. The Presi
dent is said by labor sources to be
desirous of obtaining a “strong
man” for this position which would
be responsible for integrating selec
tive service functions with other
WMP operations.
Mr. Altmeyer. an expert In em
ployment fields, is preparing to de
vote full time to his position as
Social Security Board chairman be
cause the administration may seek
expansion and extension of insur
ance coverage under the Social
Security Act. Mr. Altmeyer is said
to be slated to guide the proposal
through legislative channels.
ft is understood the President feels
the 11-member commission is not
performing to the best of its ability
and that Mr. McNutt's position
should be strengthened. Practically
each commission representative is
reported to be more concerned with
manpower problems within his own
jurisdiction than in working out a
policy of benefit to all.
Talks With Labor Leaders.
Meeting with labor leaders yester
day, the President is reported to
have gone over several of the out
standing manpower problems and
informed members he would request
them to return in three or four
days to look over his program on
paper. No action is indicated, it
was said, until his so-called labor
cabinet has had an opportunity to
review the reorganization plan.
The chairmen of five congressional
committees studying the manpower
situation hailed the report that Mr.!
Roosevelt would transfer selective
service to WMC as a step in the
right, direction. The chairmen,
however, withheld comment of Mr.
Roosevelt's reported decision not to
place, at least for the time being, all
manpower operations in the Labor
Department.
Earlier in the week, the committee
chairmen issued a joint statement
commending the President’s propo
sal to restore in the Labor Depart
ment many of its transplanted func
| tions.
The proposed transfer of selec
<&ee MANPOWESTPage A-18.) ~

Lehman Will Take Oath
j As Relief Chief Today
Herbert H. Lehman, who re
signed Wednesday as Governor of
New York, was to take oath of office
at the White House late today as
director of Foreign Relief and Re
habilitation Operations.
Secretary of State Hull and other
officials were scheduled to witness
the ceremony in President Roose
velt’s office. »
Roosevelt Halts
All WPA Work
As Unnecessary
Orders Liquidation
Of Project in Letter
To Gen. Fleming
Bv GARNETT D. HORNER.
President Roosevelt today or
dered “prompt liquidation” of .
the Work Projects Administra
tion because the tremendous in- <*
crease in private employment
makes a Federal work relief
program ”no longer necessary.”
In a letter to Maj. Gen. Philip B,
Fleming, Federal works administra
tor. the President directed the
"closing out of all work relief proj
ect operations” in many States by
February 1 and in other States “as
soon thereafter as feasible.”
He pointed out that his action will
make it unnecessary for the next
fiscal year budget to provide any
funds for the WPA. and that it will
conserve “a large amount” of the
funds already appropriated.
While saying there would be no
need for WPA “project funds” In
the next budget, the President In
dicated that a skeleton organization
might be continued by pointing out
WPA's “knowledge and experience
would be valuable in the post-war
period.”
Defends Relief Program.
Mr. Roosevelt declared 'experi
ence has amply justified” the policy
on which the Federal work relief
program was started seven years
—"that providing useful work is J
superior to any and every kind of
dole"—and added:
With the satisfaction of a good
job well done and with a high
sense of integrity, the Work Proj
ects Administration has asked for
and earned an honorable discharge.
in his letter to Gen. Fleming, -
Mr. Roosevelt said certain groups
of workers who still remain on the
diminished WPA rolls "may have to >
be given a.ssistance by the States
and localities,” while others wilt
be able to find ' work on farms or
in industry” as private employment
continues to increase.
Some Works to Be Finished.
I Some of the certified war projects
| which the WPA has under way "may
have to be taken over by other units
I of the Federal Works Agency or by
other departments of the Federal
Government.” the President sug
gested.
He added that "State or loca]
projects should be closed out by com
pleting useful units of such projects
or by arranging for the sponsors to
carry on the work.”
The President's letter to Gen.
Fleming indicated that they had
discussed the matter earlier as the
! result of a suggestion by the admin
istrator that it was time to end the
WPA program.
"I agree,” the President wrote
Gen. Fleming, “that you should di
; rect the prompt liquidation of the
affairs of the Work Projects Admin
| istration, thereby conserving a large
amount of the funds appropriated
to this organization,” then added:
"I am proud of the Work Projects
Administration's organization. It
has displayed courage and determi
nation in the face of uninformed
criticism. The knowledge and ex
perience of this organization will be
of great assistance in the considera
tion of a well-rounded public
works program for the post war
period.”
The WPA spent *10.468.249.000 be
| tween the time it was established in
the summer of 1935 and last June 30.
Rolls Down 90 Per Cent.
Mr. Roosevelt's order came when
the organization had shrunk to one
tenth of w’hat it was in its hey-day.
The WPA reported that the’num
ber of persons on its rolls had
dropped to 354,619 by November 24,
compared wdth a peak employment
of 3.334,594 back in November, 1938.
WPA's appropriation from Con
gress for the fiscal year begun last
July 1 was $280,000,000, a marked
cut from the $875,000,000 allowed It
the year before, and a big slash from
the peak allowance of $2,250,000,000
it got for the year ended June 30.
1939.
The cut in funds, the shifting ofc
WPA workers to industrial payrolls
with the rising demand for man
power for war production—and &
program tightening up by WPA it
self—were termed contributing
causes for the decline. ,
New Projects Held Up.
The WPA already had adopted a
policy of not starting new projects
unless the sponsor showed a definite
employment need in the local com
munity. It also considered whether
the project would contribute in soma
way to the war effort.
Also. Gen. Fleming had directed
that all employes and those await
ing assignment be classified as fol
lows : .i ~
1. Those qualified for immediate
placement in war industries or agri- »
culture.
_2 Those suitable for training and
i See WPA, Page A-3.)
$397,817 I .
STILL NEEDED!
This can be raised IF:
903 people each give..$100
1,920 people each give.. 5Q
3,796 people each give.. 25
4,385 people each give.. 10
8,910 people each give.. 5
28,217 people each give.. 1
Help finish the job by sending
a new gift or an additional one
to the—
COMMUNITY
WAR FUND,
1101 M St N.W.

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