Newspaper Page Text
te2»^^L.*trlyJ(m,lht' with little change in SSSESfEiteSSre to fmh winds- T'tn at 3 P“ • lowest, rir a l'c1 fcm” 44 at 3:30 pm- Full report on I fr^usya.rri.,a,.« ch -Ajf-0”*»« H. Y. MaHith—Sqlti, Paat A-17. NIGHT FINAL LATEST NEWS AND SPORTS CLOSING MARKETS UH Meant Aseeclatcd Press. ;81st YEAR. No.36,073. n WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1943—FORTY-FOUR PAGES. --— — -- — - - - - - - • - -- ' _ . _ . . • . . ■ • . - , y • Washington mrruin? r*rvTQ Elsewhere XX and Suburbs IMKlblli U&JNJ.&. FIVE CENTS Senate Offered fiewWarHme Pay-Boost Bill. Overtime Feature Is Continued at Higher Rate Faker Joseph Hanley Dies; Pastor of Holy Redeemer rery Rev. Joseph Hanley, of Holy Redeemer Church, s morning at Providence He was named pastor of the church here last August. Son* In Ireland in 1868, the Rev. Hanley taught schools in Ireland and England and then was in busi ness in New York for four years. He then entered Epiphany College, Wattyrook, Baltimore. Md.. in 1898, and 8t. Joseph's Seminary in Balti more in 1901. He was ordained by Cardinal Gib bons at the Baltimore Cathedral in 1906. Since that time he has been assigned to Epiphany College, 1906 to 1935, serving part of that* time as vice rector and rector; rector of 8t. Joseph’s School, Clayton. Del.; pastor of St. Pius’ Church, Balti more, 1933 to 1937; pastor of St. Peter Claver's, Baltimore, from 1937 to 1943. Solemn high requiem mass will be celebrated at 10:30 am. Monday at Holy Redeemer Church. Election of Puerto Rico Governor Being Studied l> tbt Associated Press. Secretary of Interior Ickes told his press conference today that “we are making substantial progress" on a plan to permit the people of Puerto Rico to elect their own Governor. Mr. Ickes said Gov. Rexford Tug well had recommended that the Governor be elected, instead of ap pointed by the President, and that the proposal had been placed before President Roosevelt. Legislation has been introduced in congress by Bolivar Pagan, resident commissioner for the island, to au thorize such election*. a -•<■■■ m SOLOMONS HERO GETS CONGRESSIONAL MEDAL—President Roosevelt Is shown as he awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor to Maj. Gen. Alexander A. Vandegrlft of the Marine Corps for “outstanding accomplishments under adverse conditions” against the Japanese at Guadalcanal. Mrs. Vandegrlft is assisting the President as Maj. A. A. Vandegrlft, Jr., looks on. This was the President’s first camera appearance since his return from the Casablanca conference. (Story on page A-l.)_ ._ —A. P. Photo. Armed Forces to Call 4,300,000 More in 1943, Nelson Says Reports War Industry Will Need 1,800,000 Additional Workers (Butter Story on Fife A-L) n ttu tiwiitsihtu. Chairman Donald M. Ntbon of the War Production Board bd the Senate Military Affairs Com mittee today the Nation would S2L? <»f M0©4t# P« wnu this jeer to meet <te»**0fp£J and Witt Xweeoe workers drawn from leas enenttai Industrie* 1*00*00 wom en, 000,000 boys and bid men, 500, 000 employables, including physi cally defectives, not now working, and 500,000 persona made available by 40-hour work weeks throughout essential industry. Mr. Nelson’s figures were disclosed to reporters by Senator Lodge, Re publican, of Massachusetts when the committee recessed. Meanwhile, Senate leaders sought to eo-ordinite several separate con gressional Inquiries with the Senate as a whole expected to decide on procedure intended to eliminate duplication in investigations of the manpower question. Senator Lodge said Mr. Nelson’s figures were based on the period from December, 1942, to December, 1943, during which he said 4,300,000 men and women would go into the armed forces to bolster their total strength to 11,000,000. During the same period. Senator Lodge asserted, Mr. Nelson esti mated 1,800,000 additional workers would be needed in munitions and other war plants, leaving, 300,000 In the pool for agriculture’s manpower needs. Senator Lodge said Mr. Nelson did not submit figures as to the number of farm workers required. , Ohio House Approves Shift From War Time B.* the Associated Press. COLUMBUS. Ohio. Feb. 4.—The Ohio House of Representatives to day passed. 106 to 26. a bill setting back Ohio's clocks one hour. The vote came immediately after a Sen ate-deleted emergency clause mak ing the act effective immediately had been reinstated by the House. The measure now goes back to the Senate for concurrence on the re vived emergency clause. If the Senate refuses to concur the bill will go to conference. Should the emergency clause be upheld Ohio will transfer from East ern war time to Eastern standard time the first Sunday after the measure is signed by Gov. John W. Bricker. The balloting came after 2t& hours’ bitter debate in which the measure was upheld as necessary to agri culture and condemned as ‘‘provin cialism and obstructionism.” Arms Caches In Essen Hint Anti-Nazi Ring By the AwetaM Pre««. STOCKHOLM. Feb. ♦.—A Ger man newspaper dispatch dis closed today that rifles, pistol* and other military equipment of both Oennah and foreign manu facture had been found hidden in attics of Kssen, Indicating an underground anti-Nazi move ment among workers in that arsenal city. ... ^British awhd^tjNnmWiitmr^ntgwere Hie police chief, in a state* ment printed by the Essener Na out opposition element* was immi nent. • ■ ' He demanded that residents of the city yield their weapons or face the heaviest penalties. It was recalled here that the Ger man press recently said an “illegal Communist party”—a frequent Nasi label for opposition—waa active in Germany. Hie statement printed by the Na tional Zettung said: "Hie police president announces that various military guns, pistols and other army equipment were found while repairs were recently being made to roofs damaged by bombs. “Because, as is well known, the putting away of military weapons— also foreign makes—is forbidden and severely punishable, It Is ad visable In your own interests to look for such weapons In attics, basements and other rooms and de-! liver them Immediately to the re sponsible district police station. 1 "Immediate surrender (of the weapons) will be a protection against punishment.” Reckless Driver Of Streetcar Jailed P»tbe Associated Press. DETROIT, Feb. 4.—Andrew Lu beck, streetcar motorman, was sen tenced to 10 days in the Detroit House of Correction by Traffic Judge .George T. Murphy today when he pleaded guilty of driving a streetcar recklessly. More than a score of war workers were injured when the streetcar, driven by Lubeck. left its trucks, January 19, while negotiating a curve and crashed on its side against the curbing. About 90 passengers were on the car at the time. Rudolf Herzog, Author, Dies in Berlin at 73 v B< Cht Associated Press. The death of the widely-known German author, Rudolf Herzog, 73, was announced today in an Italian news agency dispatch from Berlin broadcast by the Rome radio. Mr. Herzog was editor of news papers in Hamburg and Berlin in the late 90s and gained high rank among German writers with his “Die Wisgottens,” a novel of a fam ily. in 1895. Gas Station Employes Jailed In Hagerstown Rations Case By the Associated Press. BALTIMORE. Feb. 4.—Three fill ing station employes from Hagers town were sentenced today in Fed eral Court to three months’ im prisonment each and five others were ordered to pay a total of $2,300 fines after they pleaded guilty to violating gasoline rationing regula tions. Another trio of defendants— youths who admitted burglarizing the Hagerstown Office of Price Ad ministration offices and stealing ration books for approximately 1,250,000 gallons of gasoline, were not sentenced. Federal Judge William C. Cole man withheld action after the three said they desired to go into the Army. A twelfth man. a Hagerstown 'Ail ing station operator, entered a plea of innocent and trial was set down for next week, but without date. OPA officials said a number of similar prosecutions are pending in Pennsylvania as the result of pur*, chases and use of ration books stolen from the Hagerstown OPA office. There were two burglaries at the office. Assistant United States At torney K. Thomas Evemgam and OPA Administrator Arthur Perl man told Judge Coleman. One oc curred last November 12 and the other December 28. Lack of Food Believed Likely to Force Finns Out of War Helsinki Reported to Hard Warned Nazis to Fumiih More Supplies By the toWrtrt frm. . Xawwsd speculation as tp the possibility of a separate peace between fbUand and Russia was aroused today by unconfirmed foreign reports of an alleged Flnnlehjlu-eat to quit fighting unless Opmany supplied more t JMla had, told the Germans lack of food might force Finland out of the war, was described at the Fin nish Legation here as too vague to be taken jrery seriously. However, it was clear that Gov ernment officials here were again occupying themselves with some phase of the Finnish situation. Arthur 8choenfeld, American Min ister to Finland who recently was recalled for consultation, conferred with President Roosevelt today, and Finland’s Minister to the Hhited States, HJalmar Procope, was ex pected to call at the State Depart ment later in the day. A legation spokesman discouraged attaching any special significance to this visit, explaining it concerned "current” matters. He suggested that no important developments in Finnish foreign policy were likely until after the presidential election February 15. Secretary of State Hull was.non committal. Replying to questions on the .separate peace reports, hie said merely that there was nothing hew to be said at the moment. Excess UseofRxbber By the toochM >m’ DETROIT. Reb. 4.—For using an excessive amount of reclaimed, rub ber in production of civilian goods, the Baldwin Rubber Co. of Pontiac, Mich., today whs ordered by. the War Production Board to suspend all its civilian production for nine months. The order by Curtis E. Calder, di rector general for operations of WPB, was announced here by George M. Tiedeck, Detroit regional WPB compliance chief, who said it denied the Baldwin Co. priorities assistance until November 9, 1943, and that it was based on violation of priority restrictions governing the manufacture of rubber prod ucts. The Baldwin Co. is a peace time manufacturer of floor mats and other automotive parts. The WPB order asserted that between March 31 and April 9, 1942, the company processed in excess of 35 tons of reclaimed rubber in manufacture of civilian goods, “hampering and impeding the war effort by diverting materials to uses not authorized by WPB.” Non-Vital Enterprises Being Closed in Reich By the Associated Press. LONDON. Peb. 4.—The German radio today broadcast official orders closing a long list of non-essential businesses under the economic min istry’s austerity decrees which Prop aganda Minister Goebbels has been forecasting. “All trade enterprises which are not absolutely essential for supply ing the population will be closed down,” it was announced. Food, coal and agricultural enter prises were exempted but furniture making, book publishing and to bacco manufacture were restricted sharply. “On the other hand," the German broadcast said, “shops selling luxury porcelain, jewelry, gold and silver goods, stamps or even sweets, which cannot be justified, will be closed.” 5 U. S. Bombers Missing in Raid Over Germany * Targets Undisclosed In Second Daylight Attack on Towns BULLETIN. LONDON VP).—Flying Fort resses raided Northwest Ger many today and encountered strong formations of Nazi fighters. Five of the big United States bombers are 'missing. (Earlier Stery on Page A-l.) B? Um AMOaUUd Fmi. LONDON, Feb. 4.—Heavy bomb ers of the United 8tates Army Air Force attacked targets in North western Germany today, it was announced. The target was not immediately identified. It was the second time the big American bombers have carried the war into Germany by daylight. In their lint raid the naval base of Wllhelrashaven and Emden ship ping industries were bombed on a heavy scale eight days ago. Although the target today was not disclosed, the Americans may wen have made a repeat flight to Wil helmshaven, where they destroyed 33 Nasi lighten in their first attack. Other likely targets in that area are the Kiel Canal and the nu merous large factories making U boat parts. The size of the raiding force was not stated, but official word that heavy bombers participated Indi cated that Flying Fortresses or Lib erators—or 'both—were used. Both had a part in the duel raid last RVV1. ..A Berlin broadcast heard hen Ascribed the bombers as British. ItsaM they were intercepted by strong German fighter squadrons soon after crossing t*» Western Oer man frontier and were “compelled tojura bade after ■tstilwlng heavy *J*mquentty the aerHn radio said seven* 4-motond ltrailirii im/kmMBfr latte is Conihch fry >r<b* AssenatMl’riia LO« ANGELES, Feb, 4,-Ham meritt’ Henry Armstrong, lighting ejong the comeback route, signed today for one 16-round bout and may sign for another. Armstrong mil meet Tippy Lar kin, Garfield. N. J, fighter at 8an Francisco’s Civic Auditorium March 10 and may fight Jimmy Garrison of Kansas City at some unspecified date in Oakland, Calif. Announcement was made by his manager, George Moore, who said the bull-shouldered little Negro is gaining strength rapidly after a tonsllectomy and mil begin train ing in about two weeks for his scran with Larkin. Late News Bulletins Red Commandos Land LONDON WV-The Berlin radio mid tonight that Soviet “Commandos” have gained a foothold on the Taman Penin sula leading to the Kerch Strait after storming ashore under cover of the guns of the Russian Black Sea fleet. (Earlier 8tory on Page A-l.) D. C. Marine Wounded Pvt. David O. Cropp, Jr., of the Marine Corps* whose home is at 513 H street N.W., was reported wounded in a Navy casualty list made public late today. The list contains the names of 54 casualties in the naval forces, which includes the Navy, Marine Corps and Coast Guard. Of this num . bcr, 3 were reported dead, 32 wounded and 14 missing. Streetcar Hits Woman, 74 Mrs. Sarah Oden, 74. of ### F street S.W., was struck by a streetcar at Seventh and G streets S.W., late today and is in critical condition at Cas ualty Hospital, according to police. She suffered a possible skull fracture, police mid. French Prisoners Freed ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA (*>_Gen. Henri Honore Giraud today freed 27 Communist deputies who had been under arrest since 194#, and the Allied Commission on Political Pris oners announced that 9#3 political prisoners had been liberated since the Allied landings. Black Market Indicted BOSTON WWA Federal grand jury returned five se cret indictments late today after an investigation of the so-called black market in meats in Massachusetts. De clining to reveal the names of those indicted, United States Attorney Edmund J. Brandon said that they were first in a campaign Mby which we hope to complete the breakup of the black market." THEY METERED ON TAX PLAN—Beardsley Ruml. Chairman of the Federal Reserve Board of New York and sponsor of the pay-as-you-go tax plan, joked with Chairman Doughton (right) after he had appeared before the House Ways and Means Com mittee today. Chairman Doughton vigorously challenged Mr: Ruml’s contention that his plan would improve the "financial well-being of the,Government” —A. P. Photo. 2,600 Apply to Federal Agency Here for War Job Information Evening Shifts May Be Necessary in Rush Causedby WMC's Non-Deferrable List meanwhile reported a flood of appli cations for war Jobs at employ ment offices throughout the coun try, based on telephone reports frtan metropolitan carters. In Mew York, which Is long on “luxury” jobs, msny of which aie now considered non-deferrable, and abort on industrial Jobs, men are being told tbit all they bare to do Ml register at the United States 10 Mt to u»etr oux jobs. Many of the men, particularly In MO* York, ere asking whether they will have to leave the city to order to #t into mk that tofll deter them in mb draft if they have dependents. They are being toil; manpower offi cials said, that for the .present they will not have to move. They are also fearful, a man power spokesman said, that draft quotas will be raised In cities where large numbers of men are in non deferable jobs and can't And essen tial ones. The answer to this also is no, the manpower official said. These and other answers, he said, Win have to be worked out in the light of the rum on employment offices. RCA Head Demands 'American Charter For Business' Calls for Protection Against Laws Made By Bureaucratic Fiat By the Prni, MS# YORK, Feb, 4.—Lays should be changed by legislation, not by bureaueratie flat, and, “if big business Is a crime; business men are entitled to know it,” David Sarnoff, president of the Radio Corporation of America, sahftoday. Calling for an “American charter for American business," Mr. Sarnoff, in an address to the Chamber of Commerce of the state of New York said; “What is declared lawful at one time should not at another time be upset by the caprice of bureauc racy.” Peat-War Enterprise. “The achievements of scienee and industry hold out for. us the promise of a great post-war prosperity," he asserted. “Rut only if the individual enterprise of our citizens makes it a prosperity for all our people.” Neither industry, labor nor agri culture alone can provide prosperity and security for all, the. radio execu tive said, but “Government which represents all of us can in co-oper ation with industry, labor and agri culture help to make the entire Na tion prosperous and secure.” “Where private enterprise Is able and willing to meet the needs of so ciety, it should not be the function of the Government to create in dustrial enterprises, or to finance them, or to run them; or to employ labor, or to operate our vast agricul tural system.” he continued. 8hooM Aet as Umpire. The Government’s function should be that of an umpire to see that each segment of society plays its part in accordance with the rules and fulfills its obligations to the community as a whole.” In the postwar economy, the “old idea of a vested interest on the part of business, and the new idea of a vested interest on the part of labor” must give way along with “the still newer and more dangerous idea of a vested Interest on the part of a Government bureaucracy.” Mr. 8arnoff said. “None of these can have a vested interest* that runs against the com mon welfare of society ” he con cluded. U. S. Jap Bombers Exchange Raids in Guadalcanal Area New Communique Gives No New Information on Sea and Air Skirmishing 1 Earlier Story on Page A-l.) By the MoeliM Pm*. Increased aerial activity In the Solomon Islands with two Jap anese raids on American posi tions on Guadalcanal. was re ported by the Navy today, in, a communique which told also of American planes hitting at the enemy both at Guadalcanal and at Munda, ISO miles away. The communique gave no report on damage in the night bombing raids nor-was any new information given on sea and air reported previously as under way throughout the Guadalcanal area. The communique. No. 371: “South Pacific: (All dates are east longitude). “1. During the night of February 1-2 Japanese planes, in groups of from one to four planes, bombed United States positions on Guad alcanal Island. “2. On February 2; “(A). United States ground forces on Guadalcanal Island continued the advance to the west and occu pied elevated positions west of the' Bonegi River. Considerable enemy equipment was captured and 39 Japanese were killed. "<B>. A United States fighter strafed’ enemy barges near Aruligo Point about 4 miles southeast of Cape Esperance on Guadalcanal. “(C). During the evening, a force of dauntless dive bombers (Douglas) and avenger torpedo planes (Grum man TBP) attacked Munda causing explosions and starting several fires. "(D). During the night of Febru ary 2-3, Japanese planes again bombed United States positions on Guadalcanal. “3. Details concerning recurrent engagements between United States air and surface forces and those of the enemy will not be announced as long as such information might Jeopardise the safety of our forces in the area of operations.” Markets at a Glance NEW YORK, Feb. 4 (*). stocks mixed: price changes narrow. Bonds easy; rails re cede. Cotton steady; March liquidation offset by trade buy ing. Rayburn Backs Pay-as*You-Go 'Principle' Withholding Should St<|rt by April 1, Sponsor Dodoros B» th* AwoeUUd Pnu. Chairman Doughton of tha House Ways and Means Commit tee today vigorously challenged contentions of Beardsley Ruml, sponsor of a sklp-a-year, pay-as you-go tax plan, that his idea would improve the “financial well-being of the Government.” Mr. Doughton. vetoing appari tion to any plan for att-mt fen ilveneas of a year of fax HkbUty for individual income leipajeie to put them on pay-as-you-go basis, aaked Mr. Ruml. who Is dbatraan of the New York Federal Raestvo Board, why a hta eontentttxm were correct, “you don't eett that to m businem people and hove them can eel debts by their customer*?” Rayhuru for Fsy-as-Yca.Oa. ! i ,At 2* .d*11Z yi confer**** later, 8peaker Rayburn said he fo *Aoption of pay-as-you-go tax legislation, but emphaabod that he did not mean that he advo cated the Ruml plan. Mr. Ruml had just completed a plea for his plan when Mr. Dough ton fired questions. The big, jovial banker contended that putting the tax dock one year ahead, and skipping one year at li ability, would brtng more mourn mm the Treasury than the pm** eye tem does. ■ He had also told the **°***inttirt that “much confusion" had been earned by dlacumtona of “feegtthii*. a year's taxes. Be contended Ms plan would not-involve "forgiving” as tha word meant that therewould he a year when taxpayers mads no pay ments and the Treasury got no re - enue. . - _ j BeugMsn OFsmnmra “I don't beiievt the average tax payer, in view *f the needs of our Government," Mr. ttooghton .4-. dared, “wants to set out of an dtt fatten to Ms Government f thm^irndn^paythe Government a dais 1 was*.«*to pay, and thus passed the debt bn to the beys nebs fighting all over the world,” Answering Mr. Doughton* ques tion about businem debts, Mr. Ruud told the story of • doctor bo knew who found his patients ware so em barrassed by what they owed him they quit coming to him. Where upon, the doctor decided “I’d rathe# have my patients than their debt*” erased all the obligations and thsy came back to him. Mr. Ruml said the doctor canceled large as wen at small debts because he.did not want any to feel they were aceepttak charity. m Mr. Ruml ate told a story of * New Tort store that during the de pression canceled the indebtednssa of its customers and went on a cash basis, doing good business there after. He told the committee, however, he would not advise this practice generally for business, but only where it would be “good business” to take such a step. He contended it would be good business for the Government to take* taxes in IMS from IMS income and not take taxes on IMS income. In his explanation of his plan Mr.: Ruml contended it would improve the Government’s financial condi tion, “since the revenues • * • would, be larger • • • than at present add this without Increase of taxes.” He Said, “We shall all go along paying out income taxes as we hart before, only they will be on a cur rent basts,” and claimed that over * PWiod of years “it is likely that the income of this country will in crease and the receipts under tha pay-as-you-go system would be (See TAXES, Page A-ltL) Senator Taft Hits Treasury Chief s On Note Issue t) tlu Associated PrtM. Senator Taft, Republican, of Ohio, chided the Treasury and tha Fed eral Reserve Board of Governors today for what he said was an in flationary Issuance of $660,000,000 in Federal Reserve notes "somebody apparently found lying around In a drawer at the Treasury.” Senator Taft told reporters Ida In vestigation showed that the two agencies had acted about a month ago, under authority of a IMS emer gency banking law, to. issue the notes, claiming the saving of 225,000 man-hours of labor and 45 tons of paper would be effected by using them Instead of printing new cur rency. The procedure used. Senator Taft said, was such that the notes be came general obligations of the Treasury, rather than notes backed by a 40 per cent gold reserve. “The net effect Is directly infla tionary, exactly the same as Issuing that many greenbacks,” he declared. “The excuse is that there is only 5000,000,000 involved, but with the Government striving so hard to prevent Inflation every little push In the opposite direction is harm ful." The Ohioan said the notes ap parently were printed In IMS and had been in the hands of ths Treas ury unused since.