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Moderate temperatures tonight, with lowest above freezing; gentle to moderate winds. Tem peratures today—Highest. 46. at 3 p.m.; lowest, *0, at 6:20 a.m. Full report on page A-2. D1*' consumption should b» R per cent or allotment for period 4 ending March rt. _Closing N. Y. Markets—Soles, Poge A-10. NIGHT FINAL LATEST NEWS AND SPORTS CLOSING MARKETS On Maana Aaaaclatad Praaa. 91st YEAR. No. 36,075. WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 1943—TWENTY-FOUR PAGES. x Washington fruorv r,Tr\rrrc! Elsewhere and Suburbs LhiiNl©. FIVE CENTS EISENHOWER MADE ALLIED CHIEF IN AFRICA Both Sides Suffer 'Moderate' Loss In Pacific Battle Fighting Is Still in Preliminary Stage, Knox Insists By the Associated Press. Both Japanese and American air and surface forces have suf fered "moderate” losses in the developing new battle for the Solomon Islands, Secretary Knox reported today. The Navy Secretary told a press conference that there was so far nothing specific to indicate the ex act Japanese objective in renewing violent activity throughout the Solo mons area, and he added that the size of the force the enemy might eventually throw into the fight also was not known. The action is still "in a prelim inary stage,” Secretary Knox said, but the various activities now in progress "would ordinarily precede an engagement of some size.” The Secretary declared that the losses Included “nothing significant, nothing of a major character,” and, while lie did not elaborate, this ap parently meant that no aircraft car riers or battleships, and possibly no heavy cruisers, had been sunk so far as was known here. Cavers Pacific Actions. A Navy communique was issued at the Secretary’s conference, covering action in both the North and South Pacific, but throwing no further light on the sea-air fighting in the. Solomons area. The communique said that American troops had con tinued their advance along the north west coast of Guadalcanal Island against weak enemy resistance. Some patrols reached points a mile and a half past Tassafaronga, near the Umasani River, on Thursday. That was an advance of about a mile beyond the furthest point pre viously reported. In the North Pacific, five enemy float-type planes bombed American positions in the northwest Aleutian Islands Thursday afternoon, but caused no damage. On Thursday night. Liberator heavy bombers. Mitchell medium bombers and fighter escorts attacked Japanese positions at Kiska Island. Three of five float-type Zeros which t sought to intercept were shot down j and all United States planes re turned. There were numerous desultory actions in both the North and South Pacific. In the Aleutians area Thurs- j (See PACIFIC, Page A-2.) Nazis Punish Belgians After Troops Are Shot By the Associated Press. LONDON, Peb. 6.—Hie German occupation authorities at Antwerp have deported 20 Belgian hostages, imposed a 9 p.m. curfew and decreed a summary death penalty for any one possessing arms or explosives In a reprisal for the wounding of two German soldiers, the Belgian News Agency reported today. Late News j Bulletins Pleads for Rail Rates Ralph Budd, Midwest rail way executive, arguing for continuation of last year’s rail rate increases, told the Inter state Commerce Commission today that if the industry winds up in “a dilapidated condition” after the war “the specter of Government inter vention may materialize.” (Earlier Story on Page A-4.) Havana Ship Blast Kills 3 HAVANA lA*).—Gen. Manuel Bcnitz, national police chief, said today that three were known to be dead after an ex plosion aboard a United States cargo vessel at the Havana docks. He said a preliminary investigation indicated that gasoline vapors had caused the explosion. The name of the ship was not revealed, nor the names of those killed. British Tribute To Slain Nazis Stirs Parliament By the Associated Press. LONDON, Feb. 6.—Parliament prepared today to weigh human re sentment aRainst international law as the question was raised whether Nazi airmen killed while raiding Britain should be buried with mili tary honors. A Laborite member served notice of his intention to ask Air Min ister Archibald Sinclair whether he was aware that the coffins of three German flyers, brought down Janu ary 18. bore wreaths from the RAF and were draped with swastika flags for burial while service planes circled overhead in salute. The notice said that relatives of the victims of the German air raids felt a natural resentment. A Conservative member. Capt. Harold H. Balfour, previously had stated that the 1929 Geneva con vention stipulated that enemy dead should be "honorably interred” and he said there was every reason to believe that the Nazis accorded sim ilar burial honors to British flyers killed in raids ovef Germany. • More Submarines Rove Atlantic Now Than in June, Knox Says U-Boat Remains Country's Most Serious Menace, Navy Secretary Declares By the Associated Press. ( There now are more German submarines at sea than there were even last June, when they ran up their highest record of merchant ship sinkings, Secre tary of the Navy Knox said to day, in declaring that the U-boat remains this country’s most se rious menace in the Atlantic. Secretary Knox told a press con ference there was “no question at all but that Hitler is counting on the submarine war in the Atlantic for his major sea effort of the war.” ! Hitler is devoting all available ; construction facilities to submarines, ! Secretary Knox said, and is putting ! more and more of the craft into i operation. ] To offset this threat. Secretary ! Knox said, “we are straining every ' effort to produce anti-submarine | craft.” "You are all familiar with dis cussion on priorities,” he said. “The Navy is pressing for completion of anti-submarine craft of all kinds.” Secretary Knox said that one of 1 the things that had to be kept in I mind about operations of the U-boats 1 last June was that there were still, at that time, some U-boats operating i off the American East Coast, where as at present .a combination of air and surface patrols has ended the difficulties in coastal waters at least for the time being. Secretary Knox did not say, and there was no other information re garding the subject, whether sink ings in the month of January were approximately equal to, less than or in excess of those of last June. The Navy has constantly refused to give any indication of the extent of losses. The Navy chief said, as Secretary of War Stimson previously has stated, that there are fewer losses now on the North Atlantic route to Russia, but he supplied no reason why this is true—whether it is due to better defensive tactics or to a change in German strategy. The principal U-boat concentra tions are in the North Atlantic south of Iceland, on the route to Britain, Secretary Knox said, and a sec ondary concentration is along the route to North Africa, although the subs cannot operate too close to Gibraltar because of sea-air patrols from that bastion. Sinkings are continuing off the northern coast of South America and of Brazil, Secretary Knox said, al though much progress is being made toward making that region consid erably safer. 1 Red Troops Threaten Encirclement of All Lower Donets Area Pace Surpasses Hitler's Panzer Divisions in l Summer Advance (Map on Page A-4.) By EDDY GILMORE, Associated Press War Correspondent. MOSCOW, Feb. 6.—Red Army troops, sweeping west and south over the snow-packed ground of the Ukraine and the Donets Basin at a pace surpassing that of Hitler’s panzer divisions in their summer advance, were smashing into German commu nications routes and threaten ing a vast encirclement of the entire lower Donets region to day, while south of Rostov Soviet troops were reported hammering hard on the heels of the retreat ing Germans. Behind the armies of Col. Gen. Nikolai F. Vatutin spearing into the Ukraine and northward against Kursk, encircled German garrisons were being mercilessly destroyed, Soviet communiques and dispatches from the front line said. The capture of Izyum and Yama provided the Russians with their third and fourth bridgeheads over the upper Donets River, the other two being Kamensk and Proletarsk. Vatutin’s highly mpbile units were reported expanding their advantage by swift dashes that in some places carried them into the rear of the German lines, where they created havoc among the harassed enemy, wiping out garrisons in three towns in one sector. Reported in Rostov Suburbs. • Stockholm dispatches to Lon don newspapers said the Rus sians had already pressed into the suburbs of Rostov. The Lon don Telegraph stated a vanguard was within 5 miles of the city ! pioper. (The German high command, in a communique broadcast from i Berlin and recorded by the Asso ciated Press, said that "in the ! region of the Don estuary, on the | Donets and in the Oskol sector ] the enemy continues his attacks.” 'German fighter bombers were i said to have sunk a 5,000-ton Allied ship and set afire another of 6,000 tons in Arctic waters.) : Stalin Congratulates Marshals. Premier Joseph Stalin summoned Marshals Gregory Zhukov and M. N. ! Voronov and Col. Gen. Constantin Rcko.ssov.'ky to Moscow today and ; gave them his personal cvigratula | lions for the execution of .\s orders ! at Stalingrad, where the German 6lh Army was liquidated. Front line dispatches said the Germans were employing large num bers of dive bombers and heavy ar tillery m*an unsuccessful attempt to halt mars crossings by the Red Army over the ice of the upper Donets River. Soviet troops fought back under a ; hail of shells and bombs, the re ports said, and have added new bridgeheads to the four previously reported taken. A thrust southward from Krasny Liman had taken one column 15 miles to Yama. on the southern bank of the Donets, and the column was reported continuing directly into the strategic valley in a rna <See RUSSIA. Page A-2.) Errol Flynn Acquitted After Deliberation for 13 Hours by Jurors Courtroom in Uproar As Verdict Is Given In Girl Attack Case By the Associated Press, LOS ANGELES. Feb. 8.—Errol Flynn was acquitted today of three counts of statutory assault. The jury of nine women and three men returned the verdict after about 13 hours of deliberation. The movie star had been accused of Intimacies with two teen-age girls— Paggy La Rue Satterlee, 10, apd Betty Hansen, 17. Flynn sat tensely, putting cigar ettes, during the half hour or so between the time the jury an nounced it had reached a verdict and when it .returned to the court room. The verict was announced at 11:19 a.m. An instant later the court per mitted reporters to leave the court room. Early Ballot 10 to 2. Thus ended a 20-day trial, one of the most dramatic in Los Angeles' recent history, in which the hand some film star heard himself branded as the seducer of young women, and defended as the victim of circum stance. The jury, which went out at 11:15 a.m. yesterday, was reported to have voted 10 to 2 for acquittal on an early ballot, and courtroom rumor had it that that was the count when they returned to their chambers at 9 a.m. today. As two hours went by without sign a decision had been reached, some court attaches predicted a compro mise verdict might be returned. The calm which Flynn had stead fastly maintained during the long ordeal deserted him at the last mo ment. He was sitting at the counsel table with Robert Ford of defense counsel when the jury room buzzer sounded twice, indicating a verdict had been reached. tense Moment at Verdict. Flynn became visibly nervous now that the decision was at hand. He lighted one cigaret after another, rising from his chair and sitting down again, and talking to Mr. Ford. It was a tense moment when Mrs. Ruby Ann Anderson, jury foreman, walked over and handed the verdict to Bailiff Fred Moxom. He gave it j to Superior Judge Leslie E. Still, who inspected it carefully, then handed it to the court clerk to be read. When the verdict of acquittal on the first count was read an uproar burst from the packed courtroom, and Judge Still rapped sharply for order. The two other verdicts were read in a deathly hush, as Flynn, his counsel and spectators hung on the clerk s every word. When the acquittal verdict on the third and final count was read, the tall Flynn jumped from hi.s chair 'See' FLYNN, Page A-2.) 1 Guide for Readers Page. | Page. Amusements, Lost and B-12 Found_A-3 i Church News, Obituary ... A-4 B-3-6 Radio B-ll Comics B-10-1I Real Estate B-l-2 Editorials A-g j Society_ A-fi Columnists A-9 Sports_A-11 Finance A-10 Flying Fortresses Down 25 Nazis in Raid on Germany F.v ihr Associated Press. LONDON. Feb. 6.—Flying Fort resses destroyed at least. 25 defend ing German planes in Wednesday’s large-scale raids on Northwest Ger many, the United States 8th Air Force announced today. This was three more than the toll claimed in the raid on Wilhelms haven and Emden January 27. . Five bombers were lost in Wed nesday's raid, made against unan ■ nounced targets, against three lost in the United States Air Force’s ! first thrust against Germany. I The latest record by the American bombers was regarded by observers | as impressive. In the sortie on Wil , helmshaven the resistance encoun j tered consisted of only about 25 , German fighters, and anti-aircraft fire was weak and erratic. In Wednesday's raid the fliers met a much heavier barrage. Returning pilots said that the Germans put into the air practically all the avail able aircraft in the vicinity of the target area. Roosevelt Wins Delay in Attack On Pay Ceiling Objects to Rider on National Debt Limit Increase Measure The House WayS and Means Committee today delayed action for a week on a proposal to nul lify President Roosevelt’s $25,000 net limitation on individual earned income, after the Chief Executive asked an opportunity to submit his views. The President expressed hope that Congress would not amend a pend ing measure to boost the statutory debt limit from $125,000,000,000 to $210,000,000,000. The plan to nullify the salary or der had been advanced as a pro posed rider to the debt limit bill. In a letter to Chairman Doughton the President wrote: “You have written me that there is a proposal before the Ways and Means Committee to amend the public debt bill by adding a pro vision which in effect would nullify the executive order Issued by me under the act of October 2, 1942, limiting salaries to $25,000 net after taxes. You ask whether I care to submit any views with reference to this proposal. “It is my earnest hope that the public debt bill can be passed with out the addition of amendments not related to the subject matter of the bill. I believe it is of importance that this should be done. However, should the committee think other wise, I will later, in response to your invitation, submit my views as to the merits of the proposal.” Representative Gearhart, Repub lican, of California, one of the lead ers in the fight to wipe out the ex ecutive order, said after today’s brief executive session that “We’re closer together than ever before.” Representative Disney, Democrat of Oklahoma, described the drive against the limitation as “a revolt against government by directive." The entire Republican side of the committee was aligned behind the move. Mr. Disney and Represen tative Oearhart, Republican, of California, predicted sufficient addi tional Democratic votes could be miigterML in the 25-member com mittee to write an outright repealer into the measure which would raise the national public debt ceiling from $125,000,000,000 to $210,000,000, 000. Should the rider be attached, Mr. Roosevelt would then have to choose between abrogation of the salary limitation or veto of the new debt authorization. At a caucus of Republican com mittee members yesterday in prepa ration for the showdown, Mr. Gear hart reported that Colin P. Stun, chief of the Joint Congressional Staff on Internal Revenue, had told him the Treasury would lope $110, 000.000 annually in taxes if the salary celling remained effective. Called Un-American. Mr. Gearhart charged that the I President had disregarded the in | tent of Congress in ordering the salary limitation, emphasizing that the legislative body specifically re jected last year a proposal to put a $25,000 ceiling on wartime salaries. “ThJs thing is un-American,” he declared. “It is culled from the Communist party platform of 1928 and flies in the face of American ! enterprise. It is an affront to Congress.” The Californian introduced a bill to repeal the language in the anti inflation law, enacted last October, ! on which he said Mr. Roosevelt based authority for the salary order. This reads: "The President may • * * adjust wages or salaries to the extent he finds necessary in any cause to correct gross in equities and also aid in the effective prosecution of the war.” Mr. Gearhart's repealer proposal stymied Ways and Means Commit tee action on the debt limit legis lation last week. It was understood that at that time Mr. Doughton moved for postponement of action when it appeared the repealer, with all Republicans and some Demo crats for it, would carry. Markets at a Glance NEW YORK. Feb. 6 ijP).—Stocks j Irregular: profit cashing stalls | rally. Bonds mixed; some rail leaders lag. Cotton easy; nervous liquidation. CHICAGO. — Wheat finished ’s-1^ higher in light trade. Corn unchanged to >g up. Hogs nom inally steady. Cattle nominally steady. Four Axis Ships Sunk by British Close to Tunisia Hr the Associated Press. LONDON, Feb. 6.—Three more Axis supply ships and a tanker have been sunk and another supply ship left in flames by British submarines j in the central Mediterranean, the admiralty announced today. Both torpedoes and gunfire were used in the series of attacks, four of which were reported made in an area “very.close inshore off the East ern Tunisian coast,” under the noses of Axis shore batteries. The Admiralty communique said a British submarine had also sur faced close inshore near Cotrone, on the "sole” of the Italian boot, and bombarded a railway bridge, scoring many hits. "Shore batteries engaged the sub marine without success," the com munique said. CHURCHILL GREETS VICTORIOUS GENERAL—Prime Minister Churchill (left) shakes hands with Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery during a visit to Tripoli. Gen. Montgomery led the British Army that chased the Axis out of Libya. —A. P. Wirephoto from Cairo today. ------- A Five Named to Sift Charges of Subversion In Federal Agencies President Establishes New Unit to Work With FBI on Complaints HOUSE DENIES SALARY lor Treasury aide denounced by Dies. Page A-Z President Roosevelt today is sued an executive order creating a five-man interdepartmental committee to co-ordinate the handling of “complaints of sub versive activity” on the part of Federal employes. Those named on the committee were Herbert E. Gaston, Assistant Secretary of the Treasury: Francis C. Brown, solicitor of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp.: Oscar L. Chapman. Assistant Secretary of In terior: Rudolph W Evans, member of the Federal Reserve Board, and John Q. Cannon. Jr., legal adviser of the Civil Service Commission. Mr. Roosevelt directed that the committee “shall serve as an ad visory and co-ordinating agency in all matters pertaining to the investi gation and disposition of complaints of subversive activity on the part of employes of the executive branch of the Federal Government,” and “shall initiate such measures as are best suited in its judgment to assure fair and prompt disposition of com plaints and to protect the interests of the Government of the United States.” Will Receive Reports. The order specified that all Federal Departments and agencies shall re fer complaints of subversive activ ities against their employes to the FBI for investigation, with the new committee recommending "appropri ate policies to govern the investi gation oi such complaints.’’ The FBI’s reports on investiga tions will go to the committee which then will advise the department involved "concerning the procedure for determining action” on the complaint. j The committee also was given ; power to review any case in w’hich | the disposition by the department or agency involved did not appear to meet sufficiently "the require ments of internal security.” May Recommend Action. The committee also was author ized to recommend to the Presi dent any special action considered necessary "in exceptional cases" during wartime. It was not immediately clear ex actly what effect activity'of the new committee may have on work of the House Committee on Un-American Activities headed by Representative Dies, Democrat, of Texas. It ap peared to set up machinery for han dling any specific complaints brought before the Justice Department as a result of reports by the Dies com mittee. The Dies group has published 1.200 names of Government em ployes it accused of connections with subversive organization. The Justice Department last year re ported that of these cases it had found only two persons whom their superiors had seen fit to dismiss, while reports from other sources had resulted in retirement of 34. Girl Confesses Impersonating Navy Officer ■ K:' AONtTE L.' WILfifflBF —A. P. Wirtphoto. By the Associated Press. NEW YORK. Feb. An J8-yeair old West Nyack tN. Y.) girl pleaded guilty yesterday to a charge of im personating an officer in the Navy. E. E. Conroy, chief New York FBI agent, said. He identified her as Agnete Louise Wilfred, a former student at Dana Hall, Wellesley. Mass., who told Mr. Conroy she purchased the uniform of a naval lieutenant because she told her parents she was in the Navy and “I had to get the uniform to back up tire story.” Mr. Conroy said the girl explained she obtained the uniform from a Brooklyn department store by a ruse. Bail of $300 which was set by the United States commissioner's office was put up by her father, Thomas Wilfred, an artist. 14 Die in Collision Of 2 Army Bombers Planes Crash in Woods During Routine Flight By. the Associated Press. * GREENVILLE, S. C., Feb. 6 — Public relations officials at the Greenville Army Air Base an nounced today that 14 men were killed in the crash of two Army medium bombers on a farm 12 miles south of Newberry, S. C., late yesterday. The Victims included the crews of the two bombers, which were flying in formation on a routine training flight from Tampa. Fla. Other planes ih the formation arrived at their base safely. A board of officers was assigned to investigate the crash which was be lieved caused when the two ma chines collided in midair. However, officials here said they had not been able to confirm the report that a collision preceded the crash. H. T. Long, Newberry policeman, reported the planes crashed in a pine woods on the farm of Hubert ( See BOMBERS . Page A-2. ) i Churchill Is Flying | On New Mystery Trip After Tripoli Visit Axis Radio Speculates On Possible Meeting With Gen. Franco Bs the Associated Press. CAIRO, Feb. 6.—Prime Minis ter Churchill, following up his Casablanca and Turkish parleys with a surprise visit to the Brit ish 8th Army in the field and a triumphal parade througth Trip oli, has winged away to another undisclosed destination. Mr. Churchill spent Wednesday night at Gen. Sir Bernard L. Mont gomery’s headquarters outside Trip oli, it was announced last night, and then mitered the, city, clad in the blue uniform of an air commo dore, to review empire and Ameri can troops in the Plata d,Ttalia Thursday. He' left there by plane j yesterday. (The Axis immediately reported He had gone to Gibraltar Tmd quickly followed with broadcast speculation that he planned a meeting with Premier Antonio de Oliveira Salazar of Portugal and that Genaralissimo Fran cisco Franco of Spain might join them. (The German-controlled Scan dinavian telegraph bureau also carried a Madrid-datelined dis patch asserting that Gen. Fran co. accompanied by his foreign minister, Gen. Count Francisco Gomez Jordana, and two other generals, had left Spain for Portugal. (It also reported troops and police had been sent toward the Spanish border in southern Por tugal where "something unusual is happening ”) Mr. Churchill rode in an open staff car beside Gen. Montgomery through a Tripoli square packed al most solid with British and Scottish units. There were no Italians visible in the Piazza dTtalia in the city that was the last capital of Italy's African empire. United Nations aircraft patrols formed an umbrella about the city, but no Axis aircraft ventured near. The Prime Minister had flown more than 1.000 miles from Cairo to reach Castel Benito airport. 10 miles from the city, Wednesday afternoon. The trip was another episode in the journey that had taken him from Casablanca to Turkey and then back to the island of Cyprus where he reviewed the garrison and con gratulated the island’s people, Mr. Churchill told the 8th Army at Castel Benito that their deeds would glow in the annals of history, and then went out to review a New Zealand division. Later he reviewed Allied air force units and talked with American officers. Morgenthau to Return HAVANA, Feb. 6 (4»>.—United States Secretary of the Treasury Morgenthau said last night he plan ned to leave this week end for Washington, concluding a Cuban vacation. Mighty U. S. Battleship Blasts Distant Target On Trial Trip; Crew Eager to Fight Tirpitz' Bv HAMILTON FARON. Associated Press Staff Correspondent. ABOARD A NEW UNITED STATES BATTLESHIP AT SEA ; (Delayed' t/P>.—Shorn of her paint and polish, rusted and rugged, one of the mightiest of United States battleships pushed through surging j seas of the North Atlantic today in i battle practice before joining the fleet. •'She's a beauty and she's tough, agreed officers and men aboard the massive and heavily-armed battle wagon which shortly will steam into the war zones. Slowly and steadily she nosed through the heavy seas, keeping her speed down to only a fraction of what she could accomplish. "We have to match our speed to those fellows.’’ said the executive officer, pointing to accompanying destroyers in the distance. Just what speed this battleship could attain under orders for “full speed ahead’’ cannot be disclosed— but many cruisers and some destroy ers would be pushed to remain alongside if her screws were turn ing over at top speed. Armament Is Heavy. Her armament is the big point of pride among both officers and men. Literally, guns jut out from every available foot of space on her broad and long decks. Nine 16-inch guns form the main battery capable of throwing shells far beyond the horizon. For secondary offense and anti-aircraft work there are 10 tur rets mounting two 5-inch guns each. Above, beside, beneath thoge heavy guns are literally scores of others— the deadly 40-mm. Bofors. high velocity rapid-fire anti-aircraft guns, and machine guns of all types. Mechanical devices simplify fir Ing of all but the machine guns. Generally their purpose is to per mit quick and accurate Are through elimination to a great extent of the human element in directing Are at the enemy. Their efficacy was shown today when the ship made firing runs on a comparatively tiny target hardly visible far off at the horizon. After the fire the target was towed close. Huge holes had been torn by shells which passed through its 40-foot length. Then again the battle practice raged in inky blackness. Star shells whistled out to light the target area—the target itself was on the horizon. Concussion Is Terrific. Searchlights probed through the darkness, but met a blank wall of mist miles away. Only once did they find a rift permitting a brief (See BATTLESHIP, Page A-3.1 k —.. ■■ ■ Given Call Over Alexander and Montgomery Appointment Believed Agreed On at Casablanca Parley BULLETIN. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA ^.—Si multaneously with the ap pointment today of Lt. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower to com mand of all Allied forces in North Africa, and creation of a North African theater of operations, it was announced that such portions of the Brit ish 8th Army as entered this theater would come under his command. Roughly the North African theater and the Egyp tian-Libyan zone of British Middle East operations are di vided by a line running down the eastern border of Tunisia. Lt. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower today was named commander in chief of all Allied forces in North Africa. At the same time, Allied head quarters announced establish ment of a North African theater of operations. , Creation of the separate North African theater relieves Gen. Elsen hower of his joint command over the United States theater of operations in Europe, which now is a separate unit under Lt. Gen. Frank M. An drews. Even as the Eisenhowever appoint ment was made known by Allied headquarters, an Algiers broadcast reported that the British 8th Army was 60 miles inside Tunisia for the coming showdown with the Axis. • Gen. Eisenhower's appointment, presumably arranged at the historic “unconditional surrender” confer ence of President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill three weeks ago. gave him the call over both the British Middle East com mander, Gen. Sir . Harold R. 1*. G. Alexander, and the field commander of the victorious British 8th Army, Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery. The American general thus will lead the climactic phases of the two way Allied “squeeze” against the joint Axis armies of Field Marshal Erwin Rommel and Col. Gen. Jurgen von Arnim. Germans Recapture Strategic Height ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA. Feb. 6 (/P.—A German counterattack sprung in the face of weather so bad that aerial activity over Tunasia virtually was suspended has forced Allied troops to relinquish their hold on the stra tegic heigjit of Djebel Mansour. 20 miles southwest of Pont du Fahs, official disclosed today. The British captured the height, known as Hill 648, in an action re ported last Wednesday and until yesterday, had resisted every Axis effort to dislodge them. The see-saw struggle for the hill, six miles southeast of the British base of Bou Arada. is part of the campaign being waged for vital passes through the mountain range running parallel with the Axis sup ply line along the Tunisian coast. “The Germans infiltrated our positions on Djebel Mansour and retook the height after small-scale action,” an Allied spokesman an nounced. (The German high command reported in a broadcast com munique that German and Ital ian troops captured a “dominat ing height" in Tunisia and held ’ (See AFRICA, Page A-2.) [Judge Lenroot Gets License [To Wed Miss Von Eltz ' By the Associated Press. NEW YORK. Feb. 6.—Federal Judge Irvine Lenroot. 74, former United States Senator from Wis consin, obtained a license today to marry Miss Eleonore Von Eltz, 48, a real estate agent, of 1549 Thirty fifth street N.W., Washington. They will be married in New York next Tuesday. Judge Lenroot. a member of the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals, lives at the Ken nedy-Warren Apartments in Wash ington. His wife, Clara, died last year. Hull Aide Describes Italian Shake-up as Window Dressing The Italian cabinet shake-up was described by state Depart ment officials today as a win dow dressing move made by Mussolini with the approval of his German masters in an at tempt to bolster faltering Ital ian morale. A department spokesman pointed out that Italian spirits were at a low ebb as a result of the loss of Libya and the re peated destructive bombings of Italian cities. The spokesman added that no one was deceived by the re moval of Count Ciano from the cabinet into thinking that this would affect Italy's foreign re lations or in any way remove the stigma attached to Ciano for his initiation and support of the policy of collaboration with Germany.