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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 31, 1943, Image 1

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Weather Report .91** ...
Not quite so cool tonight.
Temperatures today—Highest, 86, at 3:30 p.m.;
lowest, 65, at 6:40 a.m. Yesterday—Highest.
84, at 5:15 p.m.: lowest. 62, at 6:40 a.m. Pull re
port on page B-7.
United States Weacner Bureau Report..
Closing N. Y. Markets—Soles, Pog« A-11.
UP) Mum Pr»€« ~~
91st YEAR. No. 36,281.
Washington nPTTT?TFT? PTTXTTQ Elsewhere
and Suburbs O&JS 1&. FIVE CENTS
Churchill Hopes
For Early Talks
With Stalin
Says Political Aims
Won't Sway Second
Front Decision
By the Associated Press.
QUEBEC, Aug. 31.—Prime
Minister Churchill said today
that “nothing is nearer to the
wishes of President Roosevelt
and myself than to have a three
fold meeting with Marshal Sta
lin,” but he declared that an
Allied second front would be
opened on the continent only
when there was every chance of
military success unswayed by
political considerations.
The Prime Minister said he did
not blame Russia for any criticism
it had leveled at the Allies for not
having launched a new offensive in
Western Europe.
He made it clear, however, that
the positive factor of military suc
cess was paramount.
“The President and I will per
severe in our efforts to meet Mar
shal Stalin,” he said, in a broadcast
Foreign Ministers Parley.
“And in the meantime it seems
most necessary and urgent that a
conference of the British, United
States and Russian foreign minis
ters or their responsible representa
tives should be held at some con
venient place in order not merely to
explore the various important ques
tions conneccted with the future ar
rangements for world security, but
to carry their discussions to a point
where the heads of states and gov
ernments may be able to intervene.”
The Prime Minister, refreshed
from his labors at the Quebec war
council by a week of fishing in the
Laurentian Mountains, turned again
to the question of a second front in
Europe, declaring:
"We once had a fine front in
Prance, but it was tom to pieces by
the concentrated might of Hitler,
and it is easier to have a front pulled
down than it is to build it up again.”
However, he went on: "I look for
ward to the day when British and
American liberating armies will
cross the Channel in full force and
come to close quarters with the
German invaders of Prance.
Will Strike Wrhen Success Is Sure.
"You would certainly not wish me
to tell you when that is likely to
happen or whether it be near or far,
out- whenever the great blow is struck
you may be sure that it will be
because we are satisfied that there
Is a good prospect of continuing
success and that our soldiers are ex
pended in accordance w'ith sound
military' plans and not squandered
for political considerations of any
Mr. Churchill said a tripartite
meeting among Britain, the United
States and Russia "would be of very
great advantage to every one and .
Indeed to the whole free w'orld if I
our unity of thought and decision
Upon practical measures to the
longer future, as well as upon
strategic problems, could be reached
Newsom Returns
To Nats on Waivers
Bobo Expected to Join
Club for Yank Series
Louis (Bobo) Newsom again is the
property of the Washington Baseball
The stormy petrel of the major
league pitchers comes to the Nats
this time by waiver from the St.
Louis Browns at a cost of $7,500,
Clark Griffith. Washington Club
president, announced today.
He is due to join the Nats tomor
row and probably will pitch in the
important series with the Yankees
starting in New York Friday, Griffith
This will be Newsom's third term
with the Nats. The club first bought
him from the Browns for $40,000 in
1935, only to ship him to the Red
Sox. Later he pitched successfully
for the Detroit Tigers and was a
world series star with them in 1940
He came back to the Nats last year,
then was sold to the Brooklyn
Dodgers of the National League for
145.000. Griffith said.
A figure in Dodger players’ dis
pute this year. Brooklyn, lost little
time in selling Newsom to the
Eden Confers With Maisky;
Will See Winant Later
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, Aug. 31.—Foreign Sec
retary Anthony Eden conferred to
day with Ivan Maisky, former Soviet
Ambassador to Britain, at the
Foreign Office and arranged to see
United States Ambassador John G.
Winant this afternoon in order to
give both a first-hand account of
the Quebec conference, where a tri
partite meeting of the three powers
was suggested.
One reliable source said no final
decision had yet been made on the
“big three” get-together, but at the
same time it was learned that pre
liminary plans were formulated for
an initial meeting on the “foreign
minister level.” It was generally be
lieved that this would be followed by
a Roosevelt-Churchill-Stalin con
The possibility also was recognized
that Mr. Eden, Mr. Maisky and Mr.
Winant might sit down together
after the separate conferences to
day. They know one another well.
Minor British Landing in Italy
Repulsed, Nazi Radio Reports
400 Men Tried to Reach Coast, Germans Say;
London Is Skeptical of Announcement
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, Aug. 31.—The Ger
man radio declared today that
British troops attempted a minor
landing in Italy southeast of
Reggio Calabria across from
Sicily, but that it was ‘‘immedi
ately scotched.”
The German broadcast was re
corded by Reuters. No details were
Reggio Calabria lies just across
the strait of Messina from Sicily,
and a landing to the "southwest”
would have been on the very bot
tom of the toe of Italy.
The landing was attempted Sun
day by 400 men, the German broad-;
cast said.
The reports brought no official j
comment in London and were viewed
with skepticism.
It was felt here that if any land
ing was made it might have been a
small - scale, hit - and - run attack
against some enemy installation a
reconnaissance penetration or feint
to keep the enemy defenses on edge
and cover activities elsewhere.
No announcement was expected
from the Allied command.
Nazis Say Allies Are Making
New Invasion Preparations
STOCKHOLM, Aug. 31 m.—A
German Foreign Office military
spokesman told foreign correspond
ents in Berlin that the Allies were
making new invasion preparations
in the Mediterranean, dispatches to
the Swedish press said today.
The spokesman said fleets of
transports, invasion barges and
warships were being formed in
Eastern Tunisia, Sicily and Oran
and suggested that the Allies were
planning an attack on Southern
Italy or France. He added that
300,000 French troops were concen
trated at Oran.
Or Wounded During
Danish Rebellion
Uprising Crushed, but
Germans Now Face
Wave of Strikes
STOCKHOLM (/Pi.—German
armored patrols ruthlessly
shot Danes in the streets of
Copenhagen today as King
Christian X, in his first ap
pearance since the Nazis took
over Denmark Sunday, gave
what his people interpreted as
tacit approval of resistance to
the military dictatorship,
refugees escaping to Sweden
said tonight.
Br the Associated Press.
STOCKHOLM. Aug. 31.—Re
ports already received here from
Denmark indicated today at
least 2,000 persons were killed or
wounded in fighting which be
gan before dawn Sunday be
tween Danish soldiers, sailors
and civilians and the German oc
cupation army.
Having crushed the last vestiges
of the two-day old military revolt,
the haiassed German occupation
authorities were nevertheless fated
with a new threat in a series of
general strikes in nine Danish cities
against their dictatorship.
Despite conflicting reports, it w-as
not believed here that King Chris
tian X had abdicated.
With the monarch a prisoner
in Sorgenfri Castle, most of the
government members jailed or under
house arrest and scores of other
prominent Danes in prison, Lt. Gen.
Hermann von Hannecken moved to
tighten the German military grip
over the country bv rounding up all
Danish army and navy officers.
Gen. von Hannecken rushed
troops to areas where strikes were
reported paralyzing every type of
business. The cities affected were
Skagen, Jhoerning, Saeby, Aalborg,
Viborg. Aarhus, Grenaa, Fredercia
and Svenborg. Extraordinary ef
forts were taken to prevent spread
of the strikes to other industrial
Danes Undaunted by Threats.
The strikes indicated the Danes
were undaunted by threats of dras
tic penalties, including death, under
Gen. von Hannecken's martial law
decree instituted before dawn Sun
day, when he stripped the govern
ment of Premier Eric Scavenius of
all power and sent a Nazi captain to
tell King Christian, "You are my
With the sovereign and the gov
ernment, which resigned within a
few hours, apparently powerless,
Danish citizens living in Stockholm
expressed belief that political lead
<See DENMARKTPage A-4.)
Major League Games
(No Games.)
At Boston—
New York... 000 000 000— 0 4 1
Boston 010 140 OOj- i 8 1
Batteriei—Munro. Ftldm«n. Wit tit and
Lombardi; Andrews and Poland.
St. Louis at Pittsburgh—8:30 P.M.
Brooklyn at Philadelphia—9 P.M.
Chicago at Cincinnati—9 P.M.
Today's Home Runs
National League.
Nieman, Boston, 5th inning.
Lauchlin Currie Takes
OEW Executive Post
In New Shake-Up
Two Resignations and
Nine Appointments
Revealed by Crowley
Director Leo T. Crowley of the
Office of Economic Warfare to
day announced nine appoint
ments within the agency, in
cluding Lauchlin Currie, admin
istrative assistant to President
Roosevelt, as executive officer for
Mr. Currie has been lent to the
Mr. Crowley also formally ac
knowledged the resignations of
Morris S. Rosenthal, assistant direc
tor of OEW in charge of the Office
of Imports, and Monroe Oppen
heimer, general counsel.
The director expressed regret on
accepting the resignation of both of
the officials. Mr. Rosenthal re
signed presumably because of policy
differences with the director, while
Mr. Oppenheimer will return to pri
vate law practice.
Other appointments were:
Hugh B. Cox. assistant attorney
general, who will serve as general
counsel of OEW in place of Mr.
Oppenheimer, in addition to carry
ing on his work as director of the
War Division of the Justice De
Samuel Zemurray and Arthur A.
Pollan,-top officials of the United
Fruit Co., as consultants to serve
in an advisory capacity on export
and import matters affecting the
Arthur Paul, appointed assistant
to the director in charge of OEW
activities In the foreign field.
Sidney H. Scheuer. named to re
place Mr. Rosenthal as assistant
director in charge of the Office of
V. Frank Coe and James L. Me
Camy, appointed assistants to the
Mr. Crowley also announced that
John Dirks of the Civil Service
Commission has been detailed to
OEW as administrative assistant to
the director on personnel matters.
The OEW director said that he
expected Mr.’ Zemurray and Mr.
Pollan to be of great help to the
office because of their long experi
ence in the field of export and
import. The other men appointed
by the director all have had long
experience in various governmental
Marshall to Be Retained
As Army Chief of Staff
President Roosevelt announced
this afternoon that Gen. George C.
Marshall, Army chief of staff, would
be continued in his present post,
! despite the fact that his four-year
term ended today.
The Chief Executive said that
I this was the first time to his
j knowledge that a chief of staff
serving in wartime had had his
! tenure extended.
Only one other chief of staff. Gen.
Douglas MacArthur, served beyond
| the allotted four years.
| President Roosevelt also an
nounced that he had named Gen.
Dwight D. Eisenhower, commander
in-chief in the Mediterranean area,
to the permanent grade of major
general in recognition for his out
standing work. He also has con
ferred on him the Distinguished
Service Medal.
Gen. Eisenhower derives his pres
ent rank by reason of his command.
His permanent rank had been that
of colonel.
President Calls Pearson Liar;
Tells of Soviet Parley Plans
Condemning charges ascribed to
Drew Pearson, columnist and radio
commentator, that Secretary Hull
and other high State Department
officials wanted the Soviet Union “to
be bled white,” President Roosevelt
said this afternoon that the state
ment from beginning to end is a lie
and that Mr, Pearson Is a chronic
liar in his column.
The President said things were
coming along pretty well with re
spect to a tri-partite conference
with Russia and Great Britain.
The Chief Executive told a news
conference that he did not know
where or when the conference might
be held and would not tell If he did.
| Asked whether he had “any infor
mation that Stalin will attend,” the
President replied that things were
coming along pretty well and that
was all he could say.
The President’s statement on Mr.
Pearson was made after he had re
fused any comment on the reported
resignation of Undersecretary of
State Welles.
It was this incident that was the
basis for a column assailed yesterday
by Secretary Hull, who said that
Mr. Pearson was guilty of "mon
strous and diabolical falsehoods.”
Mr. Roosevelt said that kind of
| journalism is hurtful to the press
I (See ROOSEVELT, Page A-2.)
Nazi Airfields
In France Hif by
U. $. Bombers
Raid Follows Up
RAF Night Attack
On Rhineland Plants
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, Aug. 31.—Following
up a heavy RAF attack on the
Rhineland, American Marauders
today raided a German airfield
at Lille-Vanderville -in France
and a power station at Mazing
urbe, France.
Headquarters of the 8th Amer
ican Air Force called the attacks
“successful.” One of the B-26 me
dium bombers is missing.
One fighter from the RAF, Allied
and Dominion Spitfire escort which
accompanied the bombers was also
listed as missing.
Preliminary reports showed three
enemy fighters were destroyed.
Mighty fleets of heavy and me
dium bombers roared across over
the continent to bring the fourth
year of the war to a thunderous
The Industrial cities of Muenchen
Gladbach and Rheydt were ham
mered by the RAF bombers last
night, a communique announced,
while Mosquito bombers raided Duis
burg at the same time, ^ending a
two-day lull in the aerial offensive.
Twenty-eight bombers were lost.
A virtual unbroken procession of
raiders began drumming across the
coast at daybreak close on the heels
of the massive RAF sweep against
the Rhineland.
German broadcasts reported 25
raiders shot down and said Muen
chen-Gladbach and Rheydt had
been especially hard hit.
Targets in France Attacked.
The population suffered losses and
considerable damage was caused to
churches, schools, hospitals resi
dences and public buildings, the
Germans asserted.
Other targets in France and the
Low Countries also were attacked
during the night's operations.
Muenchen-Gladbach and Rheydt
are twin cities 18 miles west of
Dueeseldorf in one of Germany's
greatest war factory belts. Both
also are important communication
links with Hitler's invasion-threat
ened western defenses.
Duesseldorf itself was last raided
by the RAF on July 6, when 43
bombers were lost. Rheydt, which
has been a target in eight specific
raids, has large engineering works,
textile factories and an airfield.
Muenchen-Gladbach is a city of
100,000 population a mile or so to
the north on the River Niers. It
also has large engineering and tex
(See RAIDS, Page A-5.)
British Ask New Probe
Of Prisoner Transfers
By the Associated Pres*.
LONDON. Aug. 31—The British
Red Cross has requested the Inter
national Red Cross for a second
investigation of reports that Allied
prisoners *of war are being moved
from Italy to Germany.
The request was prompted by the
fact letters have been received here
from a number of men who have
been in Italian hands for a year or
more and now are in Germany. The
British Foreign Office said the let
ters indicated the transfers took
place just before Mussolini's dis
A preliminary report made by the
Swiss government last week in
response to a previous request for an
investigation said there was no con
firmation of reported transfers.
Fighting French
Deny De Gaulle
Letter Report
J. Baube, press officer of the
French Committee of National
Liberation in the United States,
sent to The Star today the following
"A story written by Helen Lombard
was featured today (Monday) on the
front page of The Evening Star. It
purported to report the discovery of
a letter written by Gen. de Gaulle
to one of the outstanding political
opponents of President Roosevelt
offering to contribute to the defeat
of President Roosevelt in 1944.
“The French delegation denies the
existence of such a letter and would
be grateful if you would publish this
Mr. Baube told The Star that a
courier, M. Schwob. was not acting
as a regular courier when the en
velope he was carrying was detained
by the customs authorities in New
York, but as a special messenger for
Admiral d'Argentieu, one of Gen.
de Gaulle’s high officials. Mr.
Baube said that M. Schwob had
been entrusted in the past with
courier missions.
He said that M. Schwob did not
carry a regular diplomatic pouch,
but a large envelope which had been
passed by the British censor when he
left London and bore the censorship
stamp. He said the envelope con
tained a large number of personal
letters, but nothing from Gen. de
Guide for Readers
Amusements B-13
Comics . B-18-19
Editorials _A-6
Edit'l Articles A-7
Finance A-10-11
Lost and Found
Obituary ... A-8
Society .B-3
Sports .A-9
Where to Go B-5
Woman's Page
DOING A JOB FOR UNCLE SAM—A marine on watch stands with his arm resting on “Burp,” one
of a set of twin 5-inchers on a South Pacific Island garrisoned by marines. “Belch,” the other
twin, is behind the marine, out of sight. Both have helped drive enemy submarines from the
island. —Marine Corps Photo.
De Marigny Ordered
Held for Jury Trial
In Oakes Murder
Single Defense Witness
Soys He Found No
Burns on Prisoner
By the Associated Press.
NASSAU, Bahamas, Aug. 31.—
Magistrate F. E. Field today
ordered Alfred de Marigny held
for jury trial on a charge of
murdering his multi-millionaire
father-in-law, Sir Harry Oakes.
He ordered the tall, bearded De
Marigny, husband of Sir Harry’s
eldest daughter Nancy, committed
after hearing 28 witnesses testify
at a preliminary hearing wnich be
gan July 12, four days after Oakes’
bludgeoned and burned body was
discovered in a bed at his seaside
estate, Westbourne.
One Defense Witness.
Attorney General Eric Hallinan
said he w'ould file an indictment
when the Bahamas Supreme Court
opens its next term October 6.
Just before Magistrate Field an
nounced his ruling, the defense in
troduced its one witness, a former
prison physician, to.strike at prose
cution testimony that burned hairs
were found on De Marigny’s arms
and hands.
Dr. Ulrich Oberwarth said he ex
amined De Marigny July 10, the day
after his arrest, and "I didn't find
any singes, burns or scalds.”
Will Be Absent at Time of Trial.
Capt. James O. Baker of the
Miami police previously had testi
fied that the night of July 8. some
14 or 16 hours after Sir Harry’s
body was found, he subjected De
(See OAKES, Page A 10.)
Jap Positions in Burma
Raided by RAF Planes
By the Associated Press.
NEW DELHI, Aug. 31.—Royal Air
Force fighters and dive bombers
continued to range over Burma yes
terday, shooting up Japanese troop
positions and blasting factories and
river craft, an Allied communique
announced today.
A formation of Vengeances swept
down or, troop positions at Maung
daw. scoring direct hits, the com
munique reported, while rolling
stock and locomotives were pounded
at Ingin and two factories left in
flames at Kyangin.
Hurricanes bombed about 100
river craft on the Irrawaddy River
near Pagan, severely damaging a
large number, while Beaufighter?
damaged nine steamers between
Pakokku and Mandalay.
Beauflghters also attacked a
number of boats near Kanaung. far
ther south and seriously damaged
four barges and two factories at
None of the planes was reported
Hartley Blasts Gas 'Bungling'
In Midwest as Ban Nears End
OPA to Abandon Questioning of Drivers
And Seek to Curb Black Market Sales
Representative Hartley, Re
publican, of New Jersey today
expressed his pleasure over the
lifting of the pleasure driving
ban in the Northeastern short
age area, effective at midnight
tonight, but asserted “bungling
is still talcing place” in the Mid
west, with the result that gaso
line is not being distributed^
While Mr. Hartley, speaking for
the Eastern Congressional Confer
ence on Gasoline, blasted loose en
forcement of regulations in Midwest
! and pictured the rise of a huge black
Cox Croup Hears FCC
Asked 27 Deferments
For Newly Hired Men
Specific Names Listed
By Investigator at
Committee Hearing
Counsel for the House com
mittee investigating the Feder
al Communications Commission
presented testimony. today to
show that the FCC sought draft
deferments for 27 employes with
in 10 days after they went to
work and for 58 within 30 days.
The hearing today again was
marked,.by frequent verbal clashes
between Representative Miller, Re
publican. of Missouri, presiding, and
Charles R. Denny, jr., FCC attorney,
as Mr. Denny tried to intervene to
give the commission's side on certain
Mr. Miller also reversed today the
procedure followed yesterday of re
ferring to deferment cases by num
ber and directed committee counsel
to begin using names.
Accordingly. Fred R. Walker, com
mittee counsel, had Ray Osborne, a
committee investigator, testify as to
several specific cases, including:
Harold Herman Alam, who. ac
cording to Mr. Osborne, joined the
FCC May 26, 1942. Mr. Osborne said
his file in the commission shows that
on Jane 6, 1942. the commission
asked for Mr. Alam's deferment.
FCC officials said he is performing j
his duties at Honolulu.
Rolf M. Erickson joined the FCC
January 26. 1942, according to rec
(See FCC, Page A-4.)
Late News Bulletins
Count Ciano's Uncle Reported Killed
LONDON {/P\—Admiral Arthur Ciano. uftcle of Count
Galeazzo Ciano, former Italian Foreign Minister, was killed
in an automobile accident while traveling from La Spezia to
Leghorn, a Stefani dispatch, recorded by Reuters, announced
Driver Killed as Cement Mixer Turns Over
Adams Zalesky, 28, a truck driver, of 3948 East Capitol
street, died at 3:15 p.m, today in Emergency Hospital from
injuries suffered when a cement mixer turned over on him
at Columbia pike and Old Dominion drive, Arlington, Va.
Gatch to Become Navy Judge Advocate General
Capt. Thomas L. Gatch, a hero of naval battles in the
Southwest Pacific, during which he was seriously wounded
on the bridge of his battleship, will become judge advocate
general of the Navy tomorrow, it was announced this after
noon. He will 'succeed Rear Admiral Walter B. Woodson,
who is retiring after 42 years of active service.
Markets at a Glance
NEW YORK. Aug. 31 (£>>.—
Stocks firm; peace favorites rise.
Bonds higher; rails lead rally.
Cotton mixed; profit-taking and
CHICAGO—Wheat firm; buy
ing of September by cash houses.
Rye mixed; uncertainty over de
liveries on contracts.
market, the Office of Price Admin
istration announced that it would
divert its efforts from stopping mo
torists on highways to checking the
flow of gasoline through black mar
ket channels.
In announcing that drivers no
longer will be stopped for question
ing, the OPA and the Petroleum
Administrator for War emphasized
that the action should not be inter
preted as meaning there is more
gasoline available for civilians.
"It should be realized by all,” the
two agencies said, “that unrestricted
pleasure driving is out as long as
(See GASOLINE, Page A-2.)
District Doesn't Need
Steuart Oil Firm,
OPA Lawyer Insists
Dealer Accused of 227
Ration Irregularities
As Hearing Is Begun
ens fall deliveries of fuel oil—Page
Despite a threatened short
age in fuel oil delivery facilities
during the coming winter, an
OPA attorney today declared
that the District could get along
without one of its largest dealers.
The statement was made as the
hearing on 227 charges of rationing
irregularities against L. P. Steuart
& Bro., Inc., began before Clifford
Snyder, an OPA hearing commis
sioner from the New York regional
office, in the Municipal Court Build
ing today.
Carl W. Berueffy, chief enforce
ment attorney for tne District OPA,
outlined the charges brought against
the Steuart firm as a result of its
operations during the 1942-3 heat
ing season.
“We expect the evidence to show,’’
Mr. Berueffy said, “that, while the
respondent is one of the largest
(Bee-OIL, Page A-100
Fusillade Slays Warden
On Hunt for Poachers
By the Associated Press.
HOQUIAM. Wash.. Aug. 31.—State
Game Protector Sherman J. Han
dron. 55, went Into the sparsely
settled Humptulips area yesterday to
look for elk poachers.
Officers found his body last, night—
a bullet wound above his right eye
and a dozen others in his side and
shoulder. Fifteen empty rifle cart
Chilean Cabinet
Quits to Permit
By the Associated Press.
SANTIAGO. Chile. Aug, 31.—The
Chilean cabinet has resigned to give
the President “full liberty of reor
ganization,” it was announced to
The secretary to President Juan
Antonio Rios announced that five
present, ministers—including Joa
quin Fernandez, Minister of For
eign Relations, now touring the con
tinent—would be retained.
Others to be retained are Gen.
Oscar Escudero, Minister of De
fense; Oscar Gajardo, Justice; Mar
iano Bustos, Labor, and Sotero del
Rio, Health.
New ministers are expected to be
Senator Osvaldo Hiriart, Interior;
Arturo Matte. Treasury; Benja
min Claro, Education; Fernando
Moller, Economy; Alfonso Quin
tana, Agriculture; Abraham Al
caino. Public Works; Osvaldo Vial.
Osvaldo Fuenzalida continues as
minister without portfolio. I
Two Triumphs
On Central Front
Told by Stalin
Fall of Yelnya and
Glukhov Follow
Taganrog Success
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, Aug. 31.—The Soviet
Army captured the town of Yel
nya and Glukhov, In twin drives
against the center of the Ger
man front, Premier Joseph
Stalin announced today In two
orders of the day.
The Soviet Premier first an
nounced the victory at Yelnya. 45
miles east of Smolensk. A short
“time later he followed it up with
the triumphant announced that a
second drive in the Sevsk sector had
netted Glukhov, 42 miles northeast
of the important railway junction
of Konotop.
Stalin also disclosed that this push
had captured Rylsk, 44 miles north
of Sumy and 67 miles east of
Three Victories in Two Days.
The dual announcements, recorded
here by the Soviet monitor, hailed
the second and third important vic
tories for the Soviets in two days.
Moscow had just heard the victory
guns celebrating the capture of Tag
anrog. on the Sea of Azov, in South
ern Russia, when the guns were or
dered again to five 12 salvoes for
Yelnya is 35 miles west of Spas
Demensk, the last town reported
captured on the mainline railroad
running from Latvia eastward
through Smolensk and into Central
Stalin called Yelnya an “opera
tionally important large road Junc
tion and the most important center
of resistance on the defenses in th#
Smolensk direction.”
a jtruugn mazi Lines,
The city was taken after Soviet
troops broke through strongly forti
fied German defense lines, Stalin
: announced.
The capture of Yelnya, a day
after the capture of Taganrog
more than 600, miles to the south,
• gave striking proof of the power of
the Soviet summer offensive which
I now has recaptured Orel, Belgorod,
; Kharkov, SCvsk, Karachev, Tagan
■ rog, Yelnya and hundreds of lesser
Red Army cavalry and tank units
which captured Taganrog were re
ported advancing to threaten the
seaport of Mariupol, 75 miles to the
west. They already had driven
along the coast 28 miles toward the
Mius River city.
(A Moscow dispatch said that
the Red Army was exterminat
ing the surrounded remnants of
the German army's Taganrog
group which had attempted to
make a “Dunkerque” evacuation
of the city.
(Other forces surging north
(See RUSSIA, Page A-10.) J*
Schroeder Unlisted
For Tennis Match
Ensign Champ Shifted;
Parker Heads Seedings
(Earlier Story on Page A-9.)
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK. Aug. 31.—With pos
sibility of his being able to compete
now remote, inasmuch as he has
received naval orders which will
take him out of this district, Defend
ing Champion Ensign Ted Schroeder
was not listed when the seedings
were announced today for the na
tional tennis champinoships start
ing tomorrow at Forest Hills.
Frank A. Parker. No. 2 in the
national rankings, was seeded No. 1,
with Francisco Sagura of Ecuador,
undefeated this year, seeded No. 2.
Others seeded in the men’s singles
were John Kramer, Montbello, Calif.,
No. 3; William Talbert. Cincinnati,
No. 4; Seymour Greenberg. Chicago,
No. 5; Sidney Wood. New York, No.
6; Lt. Joe Hunt. U. S. N., No. 7, and
Lt. Elwood Cooke, U. S. N., No. 8.
Pauline Betz of Los Angeles tops
the eight seeded women players,
with Louise Brough of Beverly Hills,
Calif., in the No. 2 spot, The other*
are Margaret Osborne, San Fran
cisco. No. 3: Doris Hart. Miami. Fla.,
No. 4: Sarah Palfrey Cooke. Miami,
No. 5; Helen Bernhardt, New York,
No. 6; Mary Arnold. Los Angeles.
No. 7. and Dorothy Bundy, Santa
Monica, Calif., No. 8.
Tomorrow's program, starting at
1 p.m„ includes a full program of
both men’s and women's matches.
Welles Cancels Train
Reservations to Capital
By the Associated Press.
BAR HARBOR, Me., Aug. 31.—
Sumner Welles, Undersecretary of
State, today continued his vacation
at this exclusive summer resort
after canceling train reservations
for Washington last night.
A member of Mr. Welles’ house
hold said the Undersecretary gave
no indications of when he would re
turn to Washington.
Mr. Welles remained silent on
published reports that his resigna
tion was in the hands of President
Roosevelt. Even after news dis
patches said he had written per
sonal friends in the diplomatic corps
that the resignation had been ac
cepted, Mr. Welles would only say
“There’s no comment that 1 can
When he came here a week ago
Mr. Welles said he had not been well
and wag at Bar Harbor “for a few
day*' rest. ’

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