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Slightly cooler tonight. Shower* Friday morning. Temperatures today—Highest, 90. at 3:50 p.m.; lowest, 70, at 6:26 a.m. Yesterday—Highest. 95, at 4:50 p.m.; lowest, 69. at 5:55 a m. Full re | port on page A-18. Closing N. Y, Markets—Soles, Paae A-19. ' 1 NIGHT FINAL LATEST NEWS AND SPORTS CLOSING MARKETS 11 /W u ... .1 ' 91st YEAR. Xo. 36,283. .. —..... .. — ' ...» 4 WASHINGTON, D. THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 1943—FORTY PAGES, x - - _____ ^ Washington t>RT?FF FFVTQ Elsewhere and Suburbs J x1xvxL.xj I^XjxNICs. FIVE CENTS OPA Raises Point Value of Butter, Canned Fruits Ration Cost of 35 Meat Cuts Reduced, Effective Sunday (Chart on Page A-S.) By JAMES Y. NEWTON. The Office of Price Adminis tration today raised the ration cost of creamery butter two points a pound, lowered values of \ meat cuts and increased the j p<fnt values of many canned 3<fd processed foods. All changes lie effective Sunday. -^Lowering of point values of most lamb cuts, bacon, sirloin steak and rib roast reflect an improvement in civilian meat supplies, officials said. It follows closely action of the War Foods Administration in lifting all quota restrictions for two months on the slaughter of livestock. The j WFA move, it was said, will put I more meat in civilian markets. Reflecting the effect of this year's short fruit crops, point values of most canned fruits were raised from two to six points. All frozen fruits and most of the popular frozen vegetables were increased in ration cost three points a package. WFA Move Is Experimental. In removing quota limitations on livestock slaughter, WFA officials said it was an experiment that pos sibly might be made permanent. It coincided with the Agriculture De partment's prediction that a large increase in livestock production this year would raise total food produc tion 5 per cent over last year's record. Officials said the action should encourage greatly the flow of livestock to market. OPA raised the ration cost of creamery butter from 10 points a pound to 12. Officials said the higher point value takes in account the Increased quantity of butter made available to civilians by the reduc tion in the amount set aside for Government use, which was an nounced earlier this week. It reflects a decrease in the amount of; storage (See MEAT, Page A-18 i Mercury Sets Mark, Soaring To 90 Again A 71-year-old record for hot weather in Washington was smashed today when the ther mometer recorded 90 at 3:50 p.m. for the fifty-fourth day this year. Showers promised this afternoon failed to arrive but the forecaster Said it would be slightly cooler to night and that tomorrow morning Would bring showers. Apparently satisfied with creating a new record, the mercury’ dropped back to 89 degrees at 4 o'clock. Italy Says No Prisoners Have Been Shifted to Nazis ■j the Associated Prefa LONDON, Sept. 2.—War Secretary’ Sir James Grigg yesterday an pounced Italy's assurance that no British prisoners had been trans ferred from her hands *lo Germany since the fall of the Fascist regime July 25. "We know a certain number were transferred shortly before the change of government, but still 1 await details from the protecting power,” he said. Inquiries had been made through the International Red Cross. Oen. Dwight D. Eisenhower told the Italians in a radio broadcast message July 29 urging surrender that the hundreds of thousand Ital ians captured in Tunisia and Sicily would be returned home ' provided all British and Allied prisoners now In your hands are restored safely to us and not taken away to Ger many.” Major League Games AMERICAN LEAGUE. At Detroit—First Game— St. Louis 000 120 001— 4 10 0 Detroit 003 000 002 - 5 13 1 Batteriea—Sundra. Caster and Ferrell; Brent and Richard*. At Detroit—Second Game— St. Louis ... 000 00 — Detroit __ 300 1 — a„and Hare*; Hew bonier and (Jnacr. Chicago at Cleveland—«.30 P.M. (Only Games.) NATIONAL LEAGUE. At Brooklyn— New York... 200 001 000- 3 6 0 Brooklyn 001 000 021- 4 12 1 —FJjthIr' *d*m* and Cam bardi. Great. Head. Daria and Braran. At Cincinnati— Chicago ... 030 000 000— 3 8 1 Cincinnati 001 000 000- 1 3 0 ,B< MeC4.ll.nth; Bid 4 Boston at Philadelphia—9 P.M. (Only Games.) Today's Home Runs American League.. Harris, Detroit, 4th inning. Late News Bulletins Two Flyers Die in Mechanicsville Crash Two Army flyers were killed when a plane crashed at Mechanicsville, Md., late this afternoon, it was learned from State police at Waldorf, Md. Army officials declined to reveal the names of the men until the next of kin are ; notified. The plane was based at the Camp Springs (Md.) Airport, police said. Hecht Co. Appeals on OPA Injunction In a test case, the Supreme Court was asked today to decide whether the OPA is entitled to an injunction to re strain a store from future violations of general maximum price regulations whenever the act has been violated in the past, even though unintentionally. A ruling was sought by the Hecht Co. in appealing from a decision by the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia, that an injunction was required by the Emergency Price Control Act whenever a violation was found. Gen. Arnold Arrives in England LONDON iJP).—Gen. Henry H. Arnold, chief of the United States Army Air Forces, has arrived in Britain from Wash ington, United States Army headquarters announced today. The announcement gave no details of the general’s journey or the purpose of his trip. Gripsholm Leaves Jersey City To Exchange Jap Prisoners Swedish Vessel Also Carries Parcels For U. S. Citizens Remaining Captives The Swedish ship Gripsholm sailed today from Jersey City, carrying 1,330 Japanese and sup plies to meet a Japanese vessel in Portuguese India, where an equal number of American pris oners of Japan will be picked up. according to a War Department announcement. The Gripsholm will proceed to Normugao, the port of contact, under arrangements negotiated through the State Department. Americans who have been interned in Japan and the Far East since the start of the war will be exchanged and brought back to this country. The Gripsholm originally was j scheduled to leave New York on i September 15. Due to circum | stances over which the United I States had no control the sailing date was advanced. i In addition to parcels of food and ! clothing furnished by the Army and * Navy, and Red Cross medical sup plies, the department said the j Gripsholm carried many parcels (See GRIPSHOLM, Pag~e~A-’2.) NEW YORK. —SURVIVES STABBING—Ettore Manfredi, 61, described by police as an anti-Fascist writer, pictured in a hospital after being stabbed last night. Although 150 stitches were taken on Manfredi's face, his condition today was reported not critical. GUISEPPE NUD1 Shown after he was arrested and charged with felonious assault in connection with the stabbing. —A. P. Wirephotos. Markets at a Glance NEW YORK. Sept. 2 Stocks irregular; early advance falters. Bonds mixed; some rails advance. Cotton lower; favor able crop weather causes selling. CHICAGO. — Wheat declined U-34 in sympathy with rye. Rye dropped l2-7g; September weak est. Hogs fairly active, 10 to 20 cents higher. Top. $15.25 on light weights. Cattle, fed steers and yearlings fully steady. Top, ■ *16.75 on prime weighty steers^ August War Spending Put at $7,232,206,853; j Topped Only by June Pay-as-You-Go Taxes Boost Monthly Receipts To $2,720,821,506 Bs the Associated Press. War spending in August re bounded from the July slump to total $7,232,206,853, only $237, 059,821 short of the June record, the Treasury disclosed today. War activity expenditures last! month were more than $200,000,000 ; below the $7,469,266,674 for June.1 although the Treasury daily state ment for August 31 said about half | the drop represented a bookkeeping i transaction. Except for June, the August ; spending for war was the highest on record for any month—$140,000. 1 000 above that for May. first month to pass the $7,000,000,000 figure. Spurred by pay-as-you-go tax col lections. receipts for the month netted $2,720,821,506. a $713,398,127 i increase over July. Of that amount i $547,726,863 came directly from pay roll deductions contrasted to only $19,378,195 reported for July. Although the current collection | system was started July 1 much of i the month's receipts did not show | ; until August. Likewise some Au i gust withholdings still are to be de- i | posited with the Treasury. The public debt at the end of Au gust stood at $148,000,071,037.67. an increase of $2,684,207,676.56 for the j month. __ 450 Fires Reported Still Burning in Berlin Swiss Dispatches Quote Dead Estimates of 5,000 1 By tht Associated Press. STOCKHOLM Sept. 2.—Swiss ; dispatches said today that 450 fires were still burning in Berlin after ! | Tuesday night's RAF block-buster | raid and that estimates of the dead ! ran as high as 5.000. The newspaper Allehanda report ed from Bern, Switzerland, that some of the fires raging in the Ger man capital were so large no effort | was made to extinguish them, fire men merely attempting to keep them from spreading. Allehanda said fire-fighting equip ment was called to Berlin from j Frankfurt-Am-Oder, Stettin. Kues- j trin. Dresden and Leipzig. The main force of the raid was felt in Central Berlin, it was said, in the district of Stettiner Bahnhof, Alexander Platz and Hallesches Tor. and damage was also suffered in the southeast and sounthwest suburbs such as Steglitz, Lichtenberg and Kottburger Tor. Sergeant Says 2 U. S. Bombers Made Suicide Dives at Ploesti j By the Associated Press. MIAMI, Fla., Sept. 2.—Technical 1 Sergt. Frank B. Kozak of Carbon dale. Pa., arrived in the United States today with a gripping story of how the. crews of two big, four engined Liberator bombers sacri ficed their planes and lives bv de liberately diving into Ploesti oil field targets, causing tremendous explosions and fires. Sergt. Kozak, a crewman on a Liberator piloted by Lt. Col. Julian Bleyer, said the two heavy bombers were hit and smoking before they ! dived downward as a sacrifice "to ‘ shorten the w'ar.” He saw one ! other big plane crash to earth a mo ment after releasing a cascade of bombs on a refinery. "From my window I saw a Libera tor rush in near us, smoking heav ily, almost out of control,’’ he re ported at the Army air base here. ”1 could see the pilot working the controls. He headed the bomber at a big refinery and dove into it. (See PLOESTI, Page A-lft) 160 U. $. Planes Raided Marcus, Japs Report Damage Is Admitted; Speculation Arises Over Future Blows By the Associated Press. While there was wide specula tion as to whether the American raid on Marcus Island yesterday was a feint or a well-aimed knockout blow, a Japanese im perial headquarters communique today admitted damage to- the small defense base less than 1,200 miles from Tokio. The communique, broadcast from Tokio and heard in London by the Reuters news agency, said 160 bombers and fighters participated in the attack and added there was "some damage suffered by our grounded planes.” Claiming 12 American planes were shot down, the communique said in telling of the raid, which was first announced by the Japanese early yesterday and later disclosed by the Navy here as “presumably in progress." A broadcast of the same com munique as heard in New York by United States Government monitors said, “Although we received slight damages on our planes on the ground, damages inflicted on our personnel and military facilities were almost negligible.” Two Carriers Reported in Raid. Another Tokio broadcast, also re corded in New York, said two Amer ican aircraft carriers took part in the attack, sending out "90 Grum man fighters” and "about 60 car rier bombers.” The Japanese announcement yes terday said the attack was carried out by "many planes.” A naval spokesman here said an aircraft carrier task force had been dis patched to attack the island, which is on a direct route between Hawaii and Yokohama. Three possibilities emerged from the meager accounts of the spec tacular raid: 1. The carrier task force which bombed and shelled the island may have been preparing the way for occupation It is not a large place but in American hands it could serve as an outpost w-hich w'ould harry Japan's communications with the South Pacific. 2. The attack could have been a feint to cover some highly impor tant move elsewhere, conceivably occupation of Wake Island, or a drive on the vital Japanese positions in the Kuriles. 3. The Navy may have moved in for a slashing hit-run blow for its psychological effect, alone. At any rate, the action served no tice on Tokio's admirals that the (See MARCUS Page A-2 ) Army, Navy to Play Football This Year McCloy Says Place Not Yet Determined By the Associated Press. The Army and Navy football game will be played this autumn. The decision was made known today by John J. McCloy, Assistant Secretary of War. Asked at a press conference whether any decision had been reached on the West Point-Annap olis contest, Mr. McCloy replied: "It is my understanding that the game is to be played, but there is no decision yet as to where it will be played.” There has been no question on the remainder of the West Point sched ule, Mr. McCloy added, and "they are going to play that out.” Still unsettled, apparently, is whether to yield to repeated de mands from sports fans, including Senator Mead, Democrat, of New York and other members of Con gress, that the game be played in a metropolitan center, such as New York or Philadelphia, to permit the greatest possible number of peo ple to witness it. As presently scheduled, the game would be played at West Point November 27. Roosevelt to Talk Sept. 8 On Eve of Bond Drive President Roosevelt will make a radio address on the night of Sep tember 8—the eve of the Third War Loan Drive. Stephen T. Early, White House press secretary, announced today. Tire President will go on the air at 9:40 p.m., and his speech will re quire about 10 minutes. The Third War Loan Drive for $15,000,000,000 will open September 9. On the same, program with the President will be a group of movie actors, headed by James Cagney. At Secretary of the Treasury Mor genthau's press conference today the national director of the drive, Ted Gamble, said the broadcast would be carried by all four radio networks. Movie theaters are ar ranging to halt performances to hear Mr. Roosevelt's message and the actors' appeals for bond pur chases. Mr. Morgenthau said that as an indication of the enthusiasm which the campaign has aroused, the en tire State of Indiana will be blacked out on the night of September 8 and that at 8 o'clock the following morning the State will be placed on an alert by "everything that can be tooted or rung'' as a signal to bond salesmen to open the drive. MESSINA LINER SUNK BY ALLIED BOMBS—Two RAF officers stand on the water front here and look at a liner wrecked by Allied bombs during occupation of the island. An abandoned mili tary truck is at right.__-A. P. Wirephoto. Axis Reports Allies Massing lor 2*Way Invasion ol Europe Paris Radio Stresses Dispatches Telling of Warships at Gibraltar By the Associated Press. LONDON, Sept. 2.—In a series of nervous broadcasts, Axis radio commentators declared today the Allies were massing vast in vasion armadas both in the Med iterranean and in Britain for a two-directional continental as sault which might be sprung at any moment. Whether based on fact or fancy, or in the hopes of gleaning in formation on Allied plans, the sud den spurt in the enemy's invasion speculation betrayed his uneasiness over what the immediate future will bring. The Nazi-controlled Paris radio gave considerable attention to re ports from La Linea, Spain, telling of the presence at Gibraltar of I 2 battleships, four aircraft carriers, ! 20 cruisers, 48 destroyers and 45 I merchantmen. Move Across Channel Seen. At the same time a military com mentator of the German news agency, DNB. asserted in a Berlin broadcast that "It cannot be denied | that the Anglo-Saxons have suc ! c.eeded in assembling a great flo I tilla consisting of transport and | landing craft for their plans in the Mediterranean.'’ In another broadcast the Paris ; station said a second amphibious force was assembling in Britain and that "The moment is approaching when an Anglo-American invasion j armada will cross the Channel and : disembark its armies on the French : | coast.” “Two gigantic armies will come to grips in the near future,” the broad- ! I cast said, “and Frenchmen will wit- j ness far more vicious battles than I anything experienced in 1940. Allied | air attacks on French towns have i only been a foretaste of things to ! romp ” Troops Being Withdrawn. Earlier, Berlin came out for the i first time with an assertion that: German troops were being with ! drawn from the Russian front to meet the Allied invasion threat in the Mediterranean and Western Europe. This appeared to be more of an attempt to discourage Allied inva i si on plans, for the best information in London was that instead of re inforcing troops in Western Europe the Germans may well have been diverting them from France and the Low Countries to Italy, Denmark and the Balkans. Negro Council Head Urges Protest Vote tor GOP By the Associated Press. Edgar G. Brown, national director ] of the National Negro Council, called ! on colored persons today to vote for i Republicans in the next election in ! protest against what he termed the ! administration’s "Jim Crow policies s j in the military services and on the S 1 home front.” “By the repudiation of every Dem ocratic office seeker in New York, New Jersey, Kentucky and Philadel phia in the special elections this fall, and of the national administra tion next year,” he said in a state ment, “the Negro will definitely ad vance the uncompromising fight to end once and for all the continued disfranchisement, segregation and unequal treatment of the colored race.” Guide for Readers Page. Amusements A-14 Comics B-18-19 Editorials A-10 Edit'l Articles A-ll Lost, and Pound A-S Page. Finance A-18-19 Obituary A-12 Radio B-19 Society_ B-3 Sports A-16 Where to Go B-6 Woman's Page B-12 U. S. Heavy Artillery Begins Softening of Kolombangara Santa Isabel Believed Evacuated As Flyers Report Guns Silenced Bjr the Associated Press. GUADALCANAL, Sept. 2.—The Americans have opened fire with heavy artillery for the first time in the process of softening up Southern Kolombangara Island for capture as fighter and bomb ing planes carried the war spec tacularly to the Japanese by air. Tire artillery was placed on North ern New Georgia Island, only re cently taken from the Japanese in the Allied offensive up through the Solomons. Tire heavy' shelling began Tuesday on the heels of a raid by American DUCK HUNTER—Three-year old Barney Cox. central figure in a custody case, is shown coming out of District Court with a paper duck in his arms after his antics disrupted the session. Barney, who lives with his mother at 1178 Morse street N.E., was told by Justice Matthew* F. McGuire to go outside the courtroom and hunt ducks. (Story on Page B-l.) —Star Staff Photo., Mitchell medium bombers on Vila in the same area. • Dispatches from Allied head quarters said there was some reason to beelieve the Japs have abandoned Santa Isabel Island with its seaplane base at £ekata Bay. At the same time near Vella Lavella four Warhawk fighter planes daringly attacked 6 to 10 Zeros and 12 -dive bombers which were as saulting American shipping. Five enemy planes were downed, and probably two others. in another action, Ccmdr. Harry 'See PACIFIcrPage_A-2.) U. S. War Casualties Now Total 104,658 For All Services Army Losses in Sicily Put at 7,500; Merchant Marine Loses 4,751 By the Associated Press. Army losses in the 38-day con quest of Sicily numbered 7,500 killed, wounded and missing to bring the Army’s over-all "war losses to 70,872 and lift the an nounced casualties for the armed services and merchant marine to 104,658 since the Pearl Harbor attack. The latest Army figures were given at a press conference today by John J. McCloyd, Assistant Sec retary of War. He said that of the 70.872 casualties in all combat zones 9.209 were killed in action or died of wounds, 20.159 were wounded. 21,764 are missing and 19.740 have been officially reported prisoners of war. 9,000 Wounded Recover. Of the Army wounded. Mr. Mc Cloy said, more than 9.000 have re covered completely and returned to active duty. He added that the total of missing included a large number of Philippine Scouts lost at Bataan and Corregidor. Navy casualties announced to date are 21.593: marines. 7.099. and the Coast Guard, 363. The latest (See CASUALTIES, Page A-18.F Gen. Lee, Paratroop Founder, in Britain Er the Associated Press. LONDON, Sept. 2.—Maj. Gen. William C. Lee, former chief of the United States Army's airborne com mand and now commander of an airborne division, arrived today at headquarters of the European thea ter from the United States. Gen. Lee, whose home is in Dunn. N. C . is known as the father of American parachute troop opera tions. having organized the first school at Fort Benning, Ga. Sick Father's Plea to Son, 16, To Return Home Is Broadcast Station WMAL today broadcast a plea of a paralyzed father to his missing son to return home. Lindy Fields. 16. son of Mr. and Mrs. John Fields, Cabin John, Md., has been missing from his home since Monday night. District police also have been asked to seek his whereabouts. The father has suffered three paralytic strokes and is not ex- i pected to live, a member of his' family told The Star today. ‘He cried this morning and was asking for his son,” a relative said. Young Fields, described as 5 feet 9 inches tall, weighing 150 pounds | and having brown hair and blue j eyes, telephoned to his home Mon- j day night from Betheeda to say he ! was on his way home. He said he was W'ith Alton Sieh, 16. who also has been reported missing by his parents. Neither has been seen nor heard from since then, it was said today. The Fields youth has a sister liv ing in Florida, but a long-distance call revealed he w-as not there, the family stated. Young Fields had been working as a carpenter's helper in Cabin John. Air-Raid Alarm in Rome LONDON, Sept. 2 (/Pi.—The Sw-iss radio said today in a broadcast re corded by the Associated Press that an air-raid alarm was sounded yes terday in Rome, but that no bombs were dropped. I Kursk Region Freed; Donets Town Taken Nazis Pushed Back All Along Front , In New Victories By the Associ»tsdPr««. LONDON, Sept. 2.—Hard-driv ing Red Army forces, pushing the Germans back all along the far-flung Russian front in one - of their most successful weeks of the war, captured the im portant Ukrainian town of Sumy and the Middle Donets town of Lisichansk today and drove the Nazis out of the entire Kursk region north of Kharkov, Mos cow announced tonight. A special communique, broadcast by the Moscow radio and recorded ' by the Soviet monitor, announced the capture of Lisichansk and many other populated points in the Do nets Basin. Earlier Premier Joseph Stalin issued a special order of the - day telling of the liberation of Sumy, vital rail center about 100 miles northwest of Kharkov. South of Bryansk, the communi que said, the Russians captured over 130 populated places In addi tion to Sumy. The district center of Grushkovo in the Kursk region - fell to the advancing Russians. Kursk Region Freed. ‘ Thus the Kursk region is com pletely freed from German Fascist invaders,” said the war bulletin. Lisichansk is in the middle Do nets region between Isyum and Voroshilovgrad, about 37 miles east , of the important rail junction of Slavyansk. The Donets River point of Slav- • yanosevsk also fell to the Russians, along with several other towns in ! the region, indicating that the ‘ breakthrough was at least 30 miles jacross. In the Smolensk region the Rus ! sians advanced 4 to 6 miles and 1 captured over 100 populated places, ‘ ! the communique said. * Other Red Army forces attacking j from the coast of the Sea of Azov captured the town of Budennovka, Moscow reported. The special order was the fourth j to be issued by Premier Stalin in I four days as the. Russians rolled | the German forces" back along the : 600-mile front from the Smolensk Moscow road to shores of the Sea of Azov. The capture or Sumy carried the 1 Red Army within 185 miles of Kiev in its westward drive across the i Northern Ukraine. The special order said the Rus sian divisions involved in the fight ing for the liberation of Sumy would i be called Sumy divisions hereafter j "to commemorate the success." j "For the excellent military opera i tions and valor I express my grati ! tude to all troops which participated ! in the fighting for the liberation of Sumy.” Stalin’s order said. The newest gain in the dead cen ; ter of the sagging Nazi front widen ; ed and deepened the Russian by pass salient north of Poltava, tSee RUSSIA, Page A-2.) British Flyers Blast Antwerp Canal Locks Shipping Also Damaged In Holland Attack j By the Associated Press. LONDON, Sept. 2.—British Hurri | cane bombers today destroyed the lock gates at the south end of the Hansweert Canal, one of Holland's : busy waterway links for sea-going shipping. The Air Ministry news service an ! nounced tonight that the Hurri j canes, escorted by Typhoons, scored '‘bull's-eyes” on the gates. The lock enabled ships to ap proach Antwerp without going into the sea where they would be ex posed to air and naval attack. Flying at rooftop height, the planes smashed through strong antiaircraft fire to reach the tar ] get. The escorting Typhoons dam j aged three tugs, a barge and a 400 j ton coastal vessel, and machine i gunned sentries standing near the lock gates. The announcement said the gates were destroyed, with debris flying so high in the air that one plane was damaged while flying through it. Three Hurricanes and one Ty phoon were reported missing from the daylight attack. Hull Helps Senator Clear Camera Film By the Associated Press. Intervention of Secretary of State Hull and Treasury Department offi cials was necessary to permit Sen ator Butler, Republican, of Nebraska to take several rolls of colored film with him when he left Miami for an unofficial tour of South America. Senator Butler, due back Saturday after a 20,000-mile trip, was being cleared through the customs office at Miami the evening of July 9 pre paratory to the start of the trip the following morning when customs of ficials noted his camera film, the Senator's secretary, Paul Hawkins, related today. They permitted him to take the camera, but not the film. ‘‘Mr. Hull did not like the idea of a Senator's film being held up. and contacted Treasury Department of ficials. who in turn prevailed upon the customs officials at Miami to permit Senator Butler to take his film with him when he left in the morning," Mr. Hawkins said.