Newspaper Page Text
Moving More Troops Against Yugoslavs By the Associated Press. LONDON. Oct. 16.—The Germans have mounted a major front with perhaps 21 divisions against guer rillas who are threatening to over run Yugoslavia’s main east-west communications line, and have placed two top generals in command of the drive, it was reported today. Marshal Baron Maximilian von Weichs arrived in Belgrade to estab lish headquarters under the overall command of Marshal Erwin Rommel, and there was evidence of a deter mined drive by the liberation armv of Drug Tito (Josip Broz) to disrupt or seize control of the Sava River Valley and its vital railway. The valley, along which runs the Zagreb-Belgrade railway connecting with Western Europe’s rail network, bisects Yugoslavia from east to west To combat Tito’s effort to carve out an invasion bridgehead for American-British armies, the Ger mans were reported from Istanbul to have put 12 German divisions into Yugoslavia, plus nine Bulgarian divisions. Exert Great Effort. The Istanbul dispatch was broad cast from Cairo and recorded by the Associated Press. These figures, if true, would mean that the Germp.ns were exerting nearly as great an effort against the Yugoslavs as against Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark and Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery in Italy. In London, however, it is estimated the Germans still have fewer than 20 divisions in all the Balkans, and about 25 in Italy. The main aim of these forces un doubtedly will be to clear the guer rillas from strongholds on the Dal mation Coast, where an Allied inva tion might be landed, and rescue the Sava River railway line from Tito’s depredations. Today's Yugoslav communique said large-scale operations were suc cessfully under way in Slovenia and Lower Styria, with the heaviest bat tles being fought for a railway bridge over the Sava River at Sevnica. 40 miles east of Ljubljana. It declared 1,200 Nazis have been killed or wounded so far in that sector. The railway was reported cut at Zidanimost. one of the most im portant junctions in Yugoslavia, where the line from Austria meets the Belgrade-Zagreb line. An ar mored car and freight train were wrecked on this rail line near Prodanovci. Street Fighting Continues. Street fighting continued in Zenica, 130 miles due east of Zara in the foothills leading down the Sava Plain, the communique added. In the south of Yugoslavia, Gen. Draja Mihailovich’s forces were said by the Yugoslav press bureau in Cairo to be in control of the greater part of Montenegro and Herze-1 govina, and one of Tito's generals: was reported by the communique to ; have occupied Andrijevica in Mon- : tenegro. The Yugoslav press bureau said1 there were numerous battles be tween the Germans and Gen. Mi- j hailovich’s forces, with losses on both 1 sides, following a new German terror wave in nearly every' district of Serbia. Montenegro and Vojvo dine. The fiercest hattle was waged at Dragatchevo in Central Serbia, where the Germans burned several villages. In Cairo, King Peter of Yugoslavia appointed three underground leaders to his exiled cabinet. They were Berislav Andjelinovic, Croat Patriot I leader; Ivo Cicin, another Croat, and Jure Koce, Slovene Patriot leader. Morin (Continued From First Page.) carrying 50 pounds in addition to his pack. “As soon as we started across the flat,” said Lt. Lindsey, “Jerry began giving us the works." It was a brilliant moonlight night, and there was very little cover between the foot of the moun tain and the river a mile or more away. German heavy artillery, mortars. 88-millimeters and ma chine-gun fire swept the field at every' step, but, nevertheless, the assault troops crossed lt. “We finally hit the river and j waded across in water up to our necks,” Lt. Linsey said. “I don’t j remember whether it was cold or j not. It must have been near freez ing, but I Just don’t remember. There was so mueh going on.” Shells Fell Faster. They went up the other side of a steep, slanting mud bank, claw ing and slipping and oursing the weight on their backs and scram bling and fighting for each inch. Then they started toward the drainage ditch. The shells were falling faster now. In the quick, white flashes they could see the Doughboys all around them driving ahead, bayonets fixed and firing from their hips. Some of them fell. Just before ttie lieutenant reached the ditch a heavy shell crashed “right among us.” Five men, dropped on the spot, all wounded. “Four others were with me,” he i said, “and we all dove for the j ditch. When we hit the bottom one of the boys tripped a mine and there was a hell of an explosion. I was knocked out and I don’t know for how long.” When his brain cleared, Lt. Lind POPE TOURS ROME AFTER BOMBING—Residents of Rome gather about Pope Pius XII, who stands with arms outstretched -- __ during his inspection of the Italian capital after the American air raid August 13. sey saw a medico already working on the wounded. The other four all were hit. The lieutenant was groggy and confused, but otherwise unhurt. He rose to his feet in the same instant three Germans appeared coming up the ditch firing machine pistols. Doctor Saved Lives. “That medico—we call him ‘Doc’ Ritter and he comes from some where in East Texas—saved our lives. He jumped up and showed them the red cross on his uniform and hollered that the men were all wounded, and then they stopped shooting at us." It was a German sergeant and two privates. They stopped firing but the two privates kept pointing their guns at the Americans and their voices were menacing. “I could tell they were arguing with the sergeant," said Lt. Lind sey. “Those two guys were tough. They were all for finishing us. The sergeant finally got tough, too, and ordered them away from us. Then he came over to me.” In faultless English he introduced himself. He said his name was Rheingold Badt and he added proudly, “I am entitled to call my self ‘doktor.’ I am a professor of philosophy from Hamburg Univer sity. Justice Department Man. Somewhat surprised, the lieuten ant replied that he was a lawyer by profession, formerly attached to the Justice Department. The German bowed and said: “This is very strange . . . two pro fessional men like ourselves here in the mud and the war. It is no place for a man who thinks, and yet there is no reality except in thought. Perhaps you don't agree? ’ Lt. Lindsey grimly mentioned the reality of bullets. A great many bullets were singing over their heads as he spoke. They were coming both ways. The two Nazy privates, plastered against the ditch bank, were firing fusllades in the direction from which other Americans still were coming. "I finally told the sergeant,” Lt. Lindsey said, “that if they kept it up our own artillery would start firing at the ditch, or somebody would toss a hand grenade in on us and we’d all be killed. Ordered Fire Stopped. “Believe it or not, he ordered those two men to sit down and stop shoot ing.” Sergt-Professor Badt then began to expand on his theories of war in relation to reality. He proved in dubitably that for the Germans neither this war nor any war could have any meaning. He interrupted himself only to remind Lt. Lindsey that he and all other Americans there were his pris oners. “Also,” he said, “I notice you are not wounded, but that is not im portant either.” The discussion continued. Mean while, some American tanks had ap proached the river. German armor came up to meet them. Then in an instant shells were screaming back and forth across the ditch. The professor had to yell to make himself heard, but he went right on talking philosophy. The ghosts of Kant, Nietzsche, Spinoza and Hume walked up and down the drainage ditch through the shells and bul lets. Finally Lt. Lindsey said, “Look, Professor Badt, you say there's no meaning in all this so why don't you just hand over that gun of yours, and I'll take you prisoner. Then you’ll be out of the war.” “Duty Is Illusion.” “Ah,” he said, “there lies the in evitable conflict. In all I have been saying I am a thinker, but I am also a German soldier. Duty to me is an illusion, but I must do it.” “You haven’t got a chance to WANTED ITALIAN—PORTUGUESE and POLISH INSTRUCTORS Part Time. Communicate With GOOD NEIGHROR SCHOOL 932 17th St. N.W. RE. 2943 YES, 19 IN 20 HEAR BETTER WHEN They Turn To SONOTONE Today 95* of all hearini trouble* can be helped. It’a important to know Juat where your hearing stands. Now SONO TONE offers you—FREE AND WITH OUT OBLIGATION—a scientific audio metric “picture” of your own hearing needs. You may learn you don't need a hearing mid at mill But if you do—then, Sonotone can give you more acientific, experienced help than any other hearing aid organization in America. Sonotone haa led the way to better hearing for 12 yeara. Come in for THIS FREE TEST by the leader among modern hearing aide. SEND THIS COUPON TODAY for a thorough tast of your hearing — FREE and without obligation— at your home or effict. [™ SONOTONE "I^sriT j When can I have a private test of ray hearing, FREE I and without obligation. ! Name....... j Addreee.... ! Telephone. Residents of the Italian capital press close to the Pope as he clasps his hands in prayer. —A. P. Wirephotos. get far from this ditch,” said Lt. Lindsey “Our troops are all over the place by now.” ‘‘I know it,” said Professor Badt, "still I am going." He summoned the two privates Before they left he took Lt. Lindsey's name and address and said he hoped to meet him "in America J after the war.” Then the three I clmbed out and Lt. Lindsey watched them running toward a clump ot trees. He heard the machine gun and saw the burst of fire that cut them down—all three of them. As he watched he saw one of the Germans try to rise. It was the sergeant. He pulled himself to his hands and knees and began crawling toward the ditch again. Lt. Lindsey went toward him. The sergeant's face was white with pain. Blood came in crimson Jets from his chest. He dropped to one •elbow and took his pistol and held it up to Lt. Lindsey. "Now I am your prisoner,” he w'hispered. "You see how strange it is?” Then he fainted and an American ambulance crew came after a while and took him away. The doctors say he may live. New German Fighter Appears on Red Front By the Associated Press. MOSCOW, Oct. 16.—The Soviet Army newspaper Red Star said to day the Germans had introduced an improved Messerschmitt pursuit plane—the ME-109G—with a more powerful engine and better stream lining than its predecessors. The newspaper said this is the fourth'in the Messerschmitt series which has appeared on the Russian front as the plane is steadily mod ernized. Italian Public Apathetic To Making War on Reich By the Associmted Press. ITALIAN HEADQUARTERS, Oct. 13 (Delayed).—The Italian public received the news that Premier Pietro Badoglio's government had declared war against Germany with the utmost apathy. A 100-mile automobile tour of the Adriatic coast by Allied war cor respondents soon after the declara tion disclosed that no demonstra tions had occurred in the towns along the route. The head waiter in a prewar tourist resort which now is comman deered mostly by the British 8th Army expressed what appeared to be the general attitude of the Italian masses, saying: "Declaration or no declaration, the war is finished. We knew the dec laration was coming. So what?” Germans Dismantling Rome Radio Stations By the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. Al giers, Oct. 16.—The Germans are dismantling three radio stations in Rome and are taking them to Ger many, piece by piece, it was learned at headquarters today. Underscoring indications that the Germans have little hope of hold ing the Italian capital, it also was understood that the Nazis are dis mantling machinery there which might prove useful to the Allies, and are carting much of it into the Reich and Northern Italy. The Axis is watching yon; keep ’em sighing while you keep baying— War savings stamps. r buy war savings bonds AND STAMPS 1 STORE HOURS: 9:30 to 6—Thursday, 12 Noon to 9 P.M. A time-honored reputation for PERFECT DIAMONDS Over half a century of experience in serving Washington's diamond purchasers is your as surance of complete satisfaction. As another season of engagement and weddings nears, come in and inspect our display of perfect dia monds, handsomely set in lovely bartds of gold and platinum. Here you are assured of quality and value. Diamond Wedding Rings $16.50 to $1,000 Diamond Solitaires-$25.00 to $5,000 935 F STREET 51 Years at the Same Address ARTHUR J. SUNDLUN. PRES. ■ ' C* 1 .. . Lightning Pilot Downs 7 German Planes In Aegean Battle ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. Al giers, Oct. 16.—One American P-38 Lightning pilot, Maj. William L. Ley erette, 33, Tallahassee, Fla., knocked down seven enemy planes in one action last Saturday when Light nings bagged 17 Junkers-87 dive bombers about to attack an Allied convoy in the Aegean Sea, Allied headquarters disclosed today. Five were downed by 2d Lt. Stroy Hanna, 23, of Westfield, Ind.—the full complement to become an ace— and three by 2d Lt. Homer L. Sprin kle, 22, of Potosi, Mo. Only eight of the Stukas escaped in the mad aerial battle. Squadron Comdr. Leverette said his squadron had Just arrived over the convoy 15 minutes ahead of schedule when Lt. Sprinkle called to him and reported “bogies at 1 o’clock.” “We call unidentified aircraft bo gies," Maj. Leverette continued, “and there was a cloud of them headed our way. I saw they were Stukas I called to 2d Lt. Wayne L. Blue of Tecumseh, Nebr., to take three ships and give us top cover. “We got in behind them without being seen, but we missed seeing a Junkers-88 behind them. We peeled off in the middle, and I got two of them before they even knew we were there. The gunner in the first plane started to fire, but stopped as soon as I let go. “I turned to the left and poured it into a third plane. He went into a deep spiral. I looked over my shoul der Just in time to see the first one crash into the sea. We came back at them again and I got on the tail of another. “I got a couple of others, and then got number six. but the last was the best. I got in some good shots, and set his engine on fire.” Lt. Hamm made one pass without getting In a shot, but on the second dive he shot down a Stuka. Another came into his sights, and “I let him have it, and both the pilot and gunner were shot out of their seats.” Lt. Sprinkle shot down two Stukas j and then tore the wings off a third. I Tanner Sees Slight Hope Of Peace, Sweden Told By the Assoclited Press. STOCKHOLM, Oct. 16 — Prospects are slight for a separate Flnnish Russian peace before any general European peace has been concluded, Vaino Tanner, Finland's finance minister, was quoted by the news paper Social Demokraten today as saying in a Copenhagen interview. “There is much talk abroad of a separate peace, but the time is not ripe,” Tanner was quoted as say ing. “We want peace but we have no idea w’hat Russia thinks, and peace must guarantee our liberty, the aim of the war with Russia.” Laval's Government Reported Helping Round Up Italians By the AuocUted Pm*. MADRID, Oct. 16.—Pierre Laval’s Vichy government is giving whole hearted co-operation to the Ger mans in rounding up Italians in France, including some former Ital ian consuls, for labor in Germany, border reports said today. The Gestapo and its Vichy police counterpart were conducting a thor ough search throughout France for all Italians and forcing them to register. Able-bodied men, as well as many women, were said to have been sent to Germany. (The Brazzaville radio in French Equatorial Africa said former French President Albert Lebrun, who had been living in Southern France at the home of a son-in-law under Italian guard, was taken August 27 to Lyon in a car full of German officers. This broadcast, recorded by the Asso ciated Press, said Francois Pon cet, former French Ambassador to Berlin, also was reported to have been arrested and the fam ily of Gen. Henri Giraud has been interned at Chateau Berse at St. Romaln.) It is estimated that nearly 1,500, 000 Italians live in various parts of France, more than half of whom are long-time residents of that country. The border advices said that in many cases, particularly in Southern France, Italian families were ejected from farms they had worked for generations and were herded to gether in special trains for farm work in Germany while local Vichy ites disposed of the farms. Italian consulates in all French cities now are occupied by the Ger mans, it was said. Former consuls or consular employes who managed to remain in the consulates did so by pledging loyalty to the puppet government of Benito Mussolini. In some cases they were retained only as interpreters, and the others were sent to Germany. The reports said several thousand Italians in Southeastern France al ready had gone to the two Savoie departments, traveling by night and hiding by day in JVench homes. Some were said to have crossed the Alpine frontier and Joined units of Premier Marshal Pietro Badoglio’s army and the Milan workers still resisting the Germans north of Milan. Others were declared to have joined French guerrilla bands on the French side of the Alps or to have formed new all-Italian guerrilla forces. Italy (Continued From First Page > headquarters indicated that the Germans were attempting to disen gage themselves from close-quarter combat, particularly near the mouth of the Volturno, where British troops are now strongly entrenched after their amphibious landing. Unable to Break Loose. In spite of the sharp counter attacks and renewed aerial resist ance the Germans so far have been unable to succeed in breaking loose because of the continuous attacks by American and British troops. The 5th Army continued to pour troops, tanks and equipment over several bridges thrown across the swollen Volturno by American en gineers. The battered, dwindling Nazi air force came out of hiding yesterday to make a desperate effort to halt the Allied surge across the river. Because American and British bombers and fighters hold over whelming superiority in the air the enemy squadrons made no attempt to meet the Allied sweeps against road Junctions, railways and com KNABE PIANOS BvmtU. Warlltaer. LmM. Sttcr »n« Other* T PIANOS FOR RENT J_[ ITfTT'C 1330 G Street (•»» * M m middle el Block) P The Lewis & Thos. Saltz Establishment 1 ^ \ ONE OF AMERICA’S FINEST I | Military Outfitters 3 £ Quality for Quality your Uniform will cost you j ^ as little at Lewis & Thos. Saltz as it possibly J 9 can anywhere. Our Military Dept, is most com- ? C plete and is one of the best in the country 3 V •; \ backed by our long experience with Men’s J 9 civilian _ apparel of the very finest quality. t G Embracing authentic designing . . . magnifcent J P fabrics . . . and the finest hand tailoring. Our | Separate Military Dept, is located on the Sec- * > ond Floor. 4 j ★ j 9 Complete Stocks for Army, Naval and Coast ? G Guard Officers. Elastique Winter Uniforms, J C Sun Tan Tropicals, Trench Coats, Overcoats, | Naval Blue Serge Uniforms, Raincoats, Caps, * r Gloves, Swagger Sticks, Shirts and Accessories, 4 „ Shoulder Boards, Insignia, Campaign Ribbons ^ ^ and Bars. J l ‘ l LEWIS & THOS. SALTZ \ . | 1409 G STREET N.W.^ 3 } EXECUTIVE 3822 4 V9 MOT CO NNBCTID WITH SALTS HOI., INC. «3 1 municatlona lines, but concentrated Instead on the 5th Army’s river Installations. One enemy force of 12 to 15 planes tried to attack one of the newly constructed bridges, but Al lied antiaircraft gunners shot down seven of them and damaged others. Salonika Airfield Raided. The reappearance of large num bers of the enemy’s sorely-pressed air units Indicated that Marshal Albert Kesselring is willing to stake everything on holding off the Allied drive long enough to prepare de fense lines farther north—possibly at the Garigliano River 80 miles south of Rome—lay mine fields and then disengage. While the Allied air units were hammering communications and transport behind the enemy lines, American medium bombers attacked Nazi airfields at Salonika in Greece. Disclosing the capture of Campo basso and Vinchiaturo, the war bulletin from Allied headquarters said both fell “after determined as saults.” Vinchiaturo is a key point on the main cross-Italy highways from Foggia to Rome and from Termoli to Naples. Before relinquishing Campobasso, a city of 30,000 and an important agricultural and industrial center as well as a communications point, the Germans fought a sharp rear guard action. Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery’s 8th Army troops found that the Germans had been moving heavy artillery over the rail- j road there almost up to the time i the British entered. Gain 4 to 7 Miles. The British forces reported gains ; of 4 to 7 miles on their inland sec- i tors as far north as Gugllonesi in spite of continuous hampering rains. The line remained station ary, however, farther to the north on the Adriatic coast. In support of ground troops on the Italian mainland, medium bombers struck at a road junction near Venafro, 32 miles west of Cam pobasso, and fighter-bombers hit motor transports and bridges north of Capua and an ammunition dump and railway station near Petac ciato. Bombers hammered the air field at Marcigliana, north of Rome, last night. Six enemy planes were downed in aerial combats of the last 24 hours, compared with an Allied loss of three craft. Nutrition Talk Slated Miss Margaret Matthews of the Home Service Department of the Washington Gas Light Co., will speak at 8 p.m. Tuesday at a meet ing of the Charles A. Stewart Parent-Teacher Association at the school, 2400 North Underwood street, Arlington. Miss Matthews’ subject will be “Nutrition for the Family in War Time.’’ JARMAN SHOES I FOR MEN As Advertised in Saturday Eve. Pest FALL STYLES $5.85 to $8.85 Man’s Waar Stores f Charg, H ST. H.W. Accounts 701 H ST. N.E. - J Navy's largest Blimp Completes First Flight By the Associated Pres*. The Navy’s M-l blimp, largest nonrigid airship, has completed its first test flights lasting five hours, the Navy announced yesterday, but no performance results are being released. Built by the Goodyear Aircraft Corp., Akron, Ohio, the Navy said, the M-l “1s half again as large" as the blimps now used for coastal patrol. A distinctive feature is the car, nearly three times as large as those on the currently used blimps. Out riggers carry two Wasp engines and a blister below permits wider range cf observation and use of armament. South Carolina Flyer Killed in Ohio Crash By the Associated Press. ROMULUS, Mich., Oct. 16.—The Romulus Army Air Base announced today that the pilot who was killed yesterday when a P-40 pursuit plane crashed near Laurelville, in Hocking County, Ohio, was Second Lt. Wal ter E. Stafford, jr., of Florence, S. C. The plane was on a routine carry ing flight from' Buffalo, N. Y„ to Romulus Army Air Base. 1 Open Nites Until 9 McGREGOR ARMY REGULATION Flying Cadet JACKETS 17.95 McGregor’s Regulation Flying Cadet Leather Jacket. Zipper front, epaulets, knit bottom and cuffs, finest capeskin leather. All sizes. Others $5.95 to $27.50. Complete Military Store Agents: A. G. Spalding 8 Bros. Fret Parking: Star Parking Plata A Valuable Lesson... every U. S. officer learns sooner or later is the fact that for smartness, quality, fit: : : AND VALUE :: i there are none to excell ARMY AND NAVY OFFICERS' UNIFORMS tailored to measure by the KAHN TAILORING CO: of Indianapolis Kahn custom tailored uniforms embody all those important details which make for perfection: 57 years’ experience in custom tailoring officers’ uni forms is your assurance of finest craftsmansip and perfect fit. Army Blous.. Trousers (Dark or Pink) 15.00 Long Army Overcoat. . 65.00 New Short Army Overcoat . 550.00 Ensign’s Navy Uniform . . . 51.00 Service Caps, 58 Garrison Cape, 55 EDWARD, Inc. Owned and Operated by Hi TAILORING TO. 74115th Street N.W.