Newspaper Page Text
Warmer today and not so cold tonight. Temperatures today—Highest. 64, at 1 30 p.m.; lowest, 40, at 6:58 a.m. Yes terday—Highest, 63. at 4:35 p.m.; low est, 42. at l:io a.m. Full report on page A-26. __ _Lote New York Morkets, Poge A-27. -v ? ’zmm, s. • • • . mw g . . ■ m. m rf ■■ m* ■ a" it s;. ' : m ■■■■: mmmmmmsm UMMsmtm Mmmmm Guide for Readers f age. After Dark_A-20 Amusements A-22 Comics _B-18-19 Editorials __A-14 Edit’l Articles A-15 Finance A-26-27 Page. Lost and Found.A-3 Obituary _A-16 Radio .B-19 Society_ . B-3 Sports ... ..A-24-25 Woman's Page B-12 ■- - ____ ____I An Associated Press Newspaper 91st YEAR. Xo. 36,331. WASHINGTON, D. €., THURSDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1943—FORTYr-EIGHT PAGES. *** Washington and Suburbs THREE CENTS. Elsewhere FIVE CENTS RAF Makes First Great Assault On Leipzig, Nazi War Center; Fifth Army Scores Slight Gains 17 Bombers Are Lost; Night Raiders Hit Berlin and London Es the Associated Press. LONDON. Oct. 21.—A great fleet of RAF heavy night bomb ers, out for the eighth time this month, smashed at the Germans' second line of industrial defense last night, hitting the big city of Leipzig, where many of the Ruhr's bombed-out industries have moved. Mosquito bombers attacked Berlin for the third time this week, while other bombers ranged over wide spread areas of the Reich. The RAF lost 17 bombers, the same number as in the last big raid on Hannover Monday. Eight bomb ers were lost in yesterday’s raid by Flying Fortresses on the metal plants at Dueren. These losses indicated the Nazi destruction of 60 Fortresses over Schweinfurt a week ago may have been only a break of luck for the German defenders. The big attack on Leipzig, which had not been bombed since its sixth raid of the war, November 23. 1940, came while the Germans, in sharp contrast, sent a small force of bomb ers over England to give London its, fifth successive night alert and kill' at least 12 persons with a handful of scattered bombs. Large Rail Terminal. Leipzig. Germany's sixth indus trial city, is situated in the middle of the country. 100 miles southwest of Berlin and almost on the Czecho slovak border. Leipzig has one of the world’s largest railroad terminals on lines linking it with other important in dustrial centers like Berlin, Regens burg and Kassel, also recently blast ed by Britain-based Allied bombers. It was the fir-t big attack of the war on the city and represented a round-trip flight of more than 1.000 miles for the raiders. With a population of ntore than 700.000. the city manufactures planes, munitions, chenreals. tex tiles rubber products and ma chinery. RCAF Lancaster squadrons par ticipated in the attack. Largest Lighter Escort. The American davlight assault on Dueren and the collateral bombing of Gilze-Rijen air base in Holland which led the Leipzig attack yester-: day in a round-the-clock double blow at Germany, brought out the largest escort of American fighters ever put up and was supplemented by RAF Spitfires. The powerful guard took the 6tarch out of the Germans’ defen sive attacks, returning flyers said tn an enthusiastic report of the re sults of the bombing. The Dueren metal works were described as “non ferrous.’’ with the implication that they were making important light metal airplane parts Leipzig's big railroad yard is one of the prime junctions for traffic to the Nazis' dire-pressed Russian front. I' , airplane plants include engine and assembly fa'-'ories for" the Junkerwhich is believed to be one of i hr rhief types engaged in re cent. London night bombing, and Messerschmitt 109s. which with the Focke-Wulfs. have constituted the Fortresses' main opposition. Leipzig was a huge, peacetime manufacturing center of consumer goods, including one of the world's major book publishing centers. When the RAF started bombing out the western war industries, the city afforded a good refuge to which they could be transplanted. 20 Nazi Fighters Downed. Last night's RAF1 activity came as a climax to a day throughout which Allied bombers and fighters kept up intensive attacks across the Chan nel and shot down at least 20 Ger man fighters. American Thunderbolts and RAF Spitfires formed a virtual hornet's nest around yesterday's Plying For tress formations and the enemy had little opportunity to repeat the tac tics which knocked the record num ber ol 60 bombers from the fleet sent against Schwciniurt. The Allied fighters escorted the Fortresses to and from both Dueren and Giize-Ri.ien. The big bombers were credited with destroying two enemy aircraft, the Thunderbolts six and Spitfires three. rvi. Maurice A. Preston ot Tulare. Calif., who commanded one large force of bombers, said that “although weather conditions made accurate observetiens difficult. I believe we can say the bombing was good.'’ Two Youths Convicted Of Transferring Guns £v ; - A.'onM'v] pr-'"-. I TV ARK. N. J. ot 21.—Con victed on a charge of transporting in interstate commerce 14 stolen re volvers and automatic pistols, two 20-year-old youths were sentenced yesterday by Federal Judge Charles G. Briggle to serve tliree-year terms In an institution to be designated by the United States attorney’s office. The defendants were Stanley Kotowski of Passaic and Michael Pielepcik of Garfield. The indictment said the youths transported the weapons from Wash ington to Passaic. A’/TrcSio Will Start Me' ■■ Rationing in 1944 By ’he Associated Pre.-s. CANBERRA, Oct. 21.—Premier John Curtin announced today that Australia’s war cabinet had decided to introduce meat rationing for ci vilians next January. Total demands for meat during next year by the British Food Min istry, American forces in the South and Southwest Pacific and by the commonwealth’s civilian population were expected to exceed production. --t Japanese Take Offensive Near Finschhafen E> the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN THE SOUTHWEST PACIFIC, Oct. 21.—Several thousand Japa nese and Australian troops waged a bloody battle today in the jungle a short distance north of Finschhafen. New Guinea, with the enemy on the offsensive. From strongly-held positions at Sattelberg. 15 miles inland, the Jap anese achieved some success in a drive to join another force on the coast and thus form a solid line along the Song River. The river mouth, toward which the enemy is on the move, is 5 miles north of Finschhafen. This counteroffensive cost the Jap anese more than 200 men Tuesday in fierce action against elements of Australia's famed 9th Division which captured Finschhafen October 2 and before that had gained battle glory at El Alamein in Egypt against the Germans. The enemy took the initiative for the first time since Gen. Douglas MacArthur. in a swift series of 'See PACIFIC, Page~A-26.) Brown's Resignation From OPA Announced By White House Will Leave at Once; Bowles Scheduled To Succeed Him BULLETIN. The resignation of Prentiss M. Brown as administrator of the Office of Price Administra tion was announced by the White House this afternoon. It is expected to be effective immediately, and Chester Bowles. OPA general manager, is scheduled to be his suc cessor. Price Administrator Prentiss M. Brown has decided to resign; from Government service effec-1 tive November 15, it was learned today. Mr. Brown was reported as seeking an appointment with the President at which time he will make known his definite intention to resign. Authoritative sources said he plans to accept no other Government position. The price administrator declined to comment on the reports. This was considered significant as in the past Mr. Brown has denied the many rumors his retirement was immi nent. Associates said any comment would have to come from the White House. Mr. Brown plans to leave Washington later today, returning probably early next week. It was said Mr. Brown feels that OPA is being satisfactorily operated by General Manager Chester Bowles and that the time has come for him to fulfill an often-expressed desire to leave the agency. It was held likely that Mr. Bowles will be named price administrator, a position he has held in virtually all respects ex cept title since his appointment nearly three months ago. Whether the President will try' to persuade Mr. Brown to stay on the iob is not known An associate said the price administrator, however, is determined to leave and that he is not interested in another Govern ment position. It was said he pre viously had made known his views informally to the White House Mr. Brown always has held that his chief contribution to OPA was in piloting appropriations and price control measures through Congress. The current administration fight for subsidies is said to have prompted his decision to stay in Washington until the middle of next month. One source said Mr. Brown might even continue in an unofficial capacity as British Take 2 Towns; U. S. Flyers Bomb Yugoslavia Again (1Wap on Page A-6 ) By the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Al giers, Oct. 21.—The American 5th Army has made slight gains in the area north of the Volturno River, it was announced today, and advanced elementsfare prob ing the region to determine ex actly where the Germans arc setting up their new defenses based on Massico Ridge. The ditches and irrigation canals of this fertile, but now devastated, agricultural terrain slowed up the progress of Lt. Gen. Mark \V Clark’s troops. On the British 8th Army front, Gen, Sir Bernard L. Montgomery’s forces stormed the high ground dominating the road running north west from Vinchiaturo. occupied Busso. a mountain village about 4 miles due west of Campobasso. and swept into Oratino. a few miles to the north. Busso. situated 2 400 feet above sea level, overlooks Baranello to the south. Americans Raid Yugoslavia. Stabbing deeper into the Balkans than on any previous flights, Amer ican B-25 Marauder medium bomb ers, escorted by P-38 Lightnings, from the Northwest African Forces wrecked a roundhouse and iocomo tives at Nis, Yugoslavia, to lend an assist to the guerrilla forces fighting the Germans there. Nis lies between Belgrade and Sofia and is an important junction through which the Orient Express passes. From Nis the line branches to the south to Salonika through Skoplje, which recently was raided by the Northwest African Air Force Occupation of the high ground west of Campobasso—given up by the Germans after fierce resistance —was essential for movement of Gen. Montgomery's forces along the important road northwestward from Vinchiaturo toward the road and railway junction of Isernia. This is the main north-south highway of Central Italy in this part of the peninsula. At Isernia it joins Stimson Scales Down Estimated Casualties In Italy to 6,774 By the Associated Press. Estimates of American cas ualties In Italy from September 8 to the beginning of the Vol turno River battle have been reduced substantially. Secretary of War Stimson said today. He told a press conference the latest report was 879 killed. 3.047 wounded and 2.848 miss ing. a total of 6.774. A prelim inary estimate October 7 listed 511 killed. 5.428 wounded and 2.368 missing. Mr. Stimson said casualties in the Volturno battle, which began about October 8. were not included in the new estimate. He added that the British losses in the 5th Army's operations were believed to be somewhat greater than the American. with the lateral road leading south west to Venafro, picked by the Ger mans as the eastern anchor cf their proposed Massico ridge line. Threaten Enemy Flanks. Any push of the 8th Army along this Isernia road thus threatens the flanks of the enemy forces facing the 5th Army. Patrols were active in other parts of the 8th Army front, including the Adriatic area above Termoli. Wearied as the Germans may be by the long fight along the Volturno and by clashes with the 8th Army on the other side of the peninsula, they continue to resist bitterly, ac cording to latest reports from both the 5th and 8th Army headquarters In the raid at Nis the American aircraft left the roundhouse en veloped in flames, destroyed two locomotives and a number of freight cars in the yards, and left the tracks in the yards a twisted mass, the air command announced They also attacked an adjoining airfield. Photograohs showed 70 bomb hits (See BROWN. Page A-26.> 'See ITALY, Page A-6.1 •Admiral Sir Dudley Pound, 66, Former First Sea Lord, Dies Father of Britain's Strategy Resigned Post October 4 Py (hr Associated Press. LONDON. Oct. 21.—Admiral of the Fleet Sir Dudley Pound, who resigned early this month as first British sea lord because of ill health, died today in London at 66. Sir Dudley directed the British fleet through four of its most crit ical war years and is rredited more than any other man with ; shaping the course of Britain's mod ern navel policy. He w»» taken ill while returning from the Churchill-Roosevelt con ference at, Quebec. He resigned as first sea lord October 4 and was succeeded the next day by Admiral Sir Andrew Browne Cunningham, who had been commander of Brit ish naval forces in. the Mediter ranean. Sir Dudley had been called the ' father'’ of Britain's present strategy of aggressive action. At the time of Sir Dudley's resignation Prime Min ister Churchill expressed regret .that it must come just "when con trol of the Mediterranean is within SIR DUDLEY POUND. —Harris & Ewing Photo. our grasp.” He had gone to the Royal Masonic Hospital Septem ber 20. He long was close to Mr. Churchill and was present at the sea confer I (See POUND, Page~A-263 Germans Begin Mass Retreat From Crimea Powerful Red Drive Threatens to Cut Off Escape Route BULLETIN. LONDON ifl*).-—A broadcast by International Information Bureau, German propaganda agency, said today that eight Russian rifle divisions and several hundred tanks had made a 3-mile breakthrough in the front northwest of Chernigov. The location in dicated the Russians were attacking south of the con fluence of the Sozh and Dnieper Rivers, between Kiev and Gomel. (Map on Pay? A-fi ) Ey Mir Associated Presfc. LONDON, Oct. 21—The Ger man armies in the Crimea have begun a mass withdrawal from the peninsula via the Perekop land bridge to escape entrap ment by a powerful Russian ad vance threatening their line of retreat, Moscow advices indi cated today. Battling furiously to stem the steady progress of the Red Army troops pouring through the Krem- i enchug bridgehead west of the Dnieper River, the Germans were said to be throwing all available re serves into tiie breach But the Soviet drive, hourly increasing in momen tum, smashed further to the west through the Ukrainian steppe coun try to overlap the Crimea on the north, a Russian communique dis closed. A second Red Army column was racing south toward Krivoi Rog, im portant rail junction and center of the South Russian iron industry, and today was reported to be within 35 miles of that key German strong hold guarding the last escape rail way route from the Crimea. 1.500 Nazis Slain. More than 1.500 Nazis were slain in this advance, the Russian com munique declared Capture of Krivoi Rog would vir tually seal off the tens of thousands of Germans in Dnepropetrovsk and in the Dnieper bend above Melitopol, where the Russians were reported to be methodically cleaning out last ; ditch Nazi units who have been ! stubbornly holding out for more 'than a W’eek. Some of'the bloodiest fighting of the war was going on inside the city, with the Red Army spearheads inching slowly forward at bayonet point, front dispatches I said. Elimination of the German forces in the Dnieper bend, which the Rus sian communique indicated wasj practically assured after yesterday’s' advances, would leave the way open for a swift Red Army drive across the steppes to Perekop Peninsula and the mouth of the Dnieper River where it flows into the Black Sea. l ace Another Stalingrad. Unless the Nazis make good their escape from their Crimean positions, they face the possibility of a debacle unequaled since Stalingrad. North of Kiev and south of Rech jitsa. the Moscow war bulletin said, i the Germans were falling back be fore determined Red Army thrusts across the Dnieper. The Nazis were counterattacking in the Kiev area, perhaps to cover reported prepara tions to evacuate the Ukrainian | capital, but. these assaults were all : beaten back, the Soviet communique said. With the collapse of the entire German line based on the Dnieper j River now possible, the next natural: barrier to the west is along the : Bug River, 100 miles southw-est of Krivoi Rog at its nearest point,: where the Nazis are said to have j installed an elaborate “defense in depth" to protect the Bessarabian 1 frontier. Duce's Naval Secretary KillecHn Auto Crash By the Associated Press. LONDON, Oct. 21—A German Transocean agency broadcast said today that Admiral Antonio Leg nani. named secretary of the Navy in Benito Mussolini's republican Fascist regime September 23. had been killed in an automobile acci dent. The broadcast, recorded by Reu ters, said the admiral's car skidded , and crashed between Vicenza and ! Verona. Gen. Clark Attends Rites SCAFATI, Italy, Oct. 21 Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark, commander of the American 5th Army, and groups * of American and British war corre spondents attended graveside serv j ices yesterday for three British war | correspondents who were killed Sep-, itember 28 on the Naples front. Allies Planning Landing in Rome Area, Nazis Say By the Associated Press, i LONDON. Oct. 21.—An Allied landing in the area of Rome, which is only 15 miles from the Tyrrhenian seacoast. was declared •imminent last night in a DNB dis patch broadcast from Berlin. “Feverish efforts which have been observed recently to make the port of Naples serviceable by day-and night shifts" were cited in the broadcast recorded by the Associated Press. "The remarkably increased Allied shipping traffic at the southwestern coast of Italy seems also to lend emphasis to this assumption,” it said DNB said its information came jfrom well-informed Italians in Rome. 1 Committc That Mouse Is Enough to Scare Any Elephant Two D. C. Restaurants Barred From Meat Purchases by OP A Hommel's and the Stables Penalized Dealer's Stall Closed Until 1945 Two restaurant proprietors and one meat dealer received heavy penalties for violations of rationing regulations when they appeared today before OPA Commissioner Clifford R. Snider in the Municipal Court Building. The restaurants were Hammel's. 416 Tenth street N.W.. managed by Harry Kopel. and The Stables, at 2622 E street N.W.. operated by Mrs. Lillian Jean Richards. Both restaurants were prohibited from purchasing meats, butter, fats or cheese until they have balanced their laton bank account. Mrs. Richards said the order would force her to close The Stables for nearly four months. OPA officials' estimated it would take 2'2 months’ for Hammel’s to make up the deficit. | OPA officials charged Hammel's had an overdraft of 59.457 red points as of September 30. An order closing the meat stall of 1 Austin Fraley at the Northeast Market for the duration of the statute under which OPA is operat ing—until December 31. 1944—also was issued by Mr. Snider after OPA investigators testified that custom ers were allowed to buy beef and pork without ration points. "This is a clear case." Mr Snider said, “of what constitutes a black • See OPA. Page A-6.) Appalachian Owners Assail Portal Pay As 'Subterfuge' Presidential Conference With Labor Heads Called As Wage Trouble Grows By the Associated Pre 5. Appalachian soft coal opera tors went to bat today against the proposed portal-to-portal wage agreement between the United Mine Workers and the Illinois operators, calling it "radical” and "a subterfuge” in a hearing before the War Labor Board. A capacity audience of operators from all points of the country, UMW officials and spectators was on hand. Thomas Kennedy, UMW secretary treasurer. informed the board that John L. Lewis, UMW pre ident, was confined to his home with a serious case of influenza. Former Senator Edward R Burke, speaking for the Southern Appa lachian operators, cited three prin cipal objections to the proposed contract: “1. Tire agreement involves a wage increase in clear violation of the stabilization program and if ap proved would go far to destroy the whole effort to control inflation. Fear Price Increase. "2 The agreement would impose an unjustifiable and excessive in crease in the cost of producing coal and a consequent and inescapable substantial increase in the cost to consumers of coal. ''3. The agreement would greatly disturb the existing competitive re lationship between miners and dis tricts and the relationship of wage rates and conditions of employ ment.” Mr. Burke said the proposal to abandon the “face to face” method of computing wages in favor of “portal-to-portal” would be "a radical chance which should be worked out. if at all, in cdllective bargaining conferences, by men with cool heads and clear minds ” H. L. Ireland, speaking for the Northern Appalachian operators, called the Illinois proposal "a sub terfuge to cover a wage increase in consistent with the national stabil ization program, the approval of which would result in every labor organization in the country de manding similar increases on equally 'specious grounds,” May Become Basjr Plan. The tentative contract was sub mitted to the WLB a month ago, and if approved there is a strong possibility it will become the basic agreement for the bituminous in dustry generally. The proposed Illinois agreement would raise the miners' earnings but not their basic wage rates approx imately SI.75 a day. That is done by lengthening the measured day from the present 7 hours to 81., hours, to include underground travel time. A presidential conference with labor leaders and hearing today un derscored difficulties besetting the administration's wage controls. With a possible railroad employes’ strike ballot in the offing and with labor leaders generally criticizing Stabilization Director Vinson’s in i terpretations. President Roosevelt summoned his combined Labor War Board to the White House. This informal group consists of repre 1 rsee LABOR, Page A-267) Mystery Surrounds Disappearance of Girl From U. S. Dormitory Government Worker, 18, Missing for a Week From Suitland Hal! Miss Trinie Saavedra. 18-year old Census Bureau employe, was the object of a wide search by Prince Georges County and Washington police today after it was learned she has been miss ing since last Thursday. As mystery surrounded her where abouts, Franklin J. Lillard. adminis trative personnel assistant at the Census Bureau, said employes of the bureau and possibly from the ad joining Navy Hydrographic Office would be called on to help search the surrounding woods, if police made the request. Through another worker at the Census Bureau. Miss Saavedra had reported sick last Thursday and did not go to work. It was not until two days ago that her division chief made a check of her continued ab sence. It was learned that Miss Saavedra, described as a devout Catholic, left her rosary on a table in her room. A box of candy and some unmailed letters she had written also were found in the room. Mr. Lillard said the manager of the women's residence hall at Suit land. where the girl lived, com municated last night by telephone with Miss Saavedra's parents in Aimi.io, N. Mex The mother said she received a letter dated October 14 in which her daughter said she was pleased with her iob and her quarters. She came to Washington September 2. Description Given. The following description of the missing girl was furnished to Dis trict police: Five feet 3 inches tall; weight. 120 pounds: brown eyes, long black hair with curls about the face. Residents of Suitland Hall said the girl, when last seen wa,s wearing a yellow skirt, brown and orange plaid jacket, and a yellow' sweater. Her disappearance was discovered when she failed to report for W'ork for several days. A check revealed that her clothes still were in her room. There were no outward indi cations that she had taken a trip A friend told police she had talked with Miss Saavedra on October 14. and that she seemed cheerful. Handling the case for Prince Georges County police are Officers (See MISSINGGIRLTPage A-26T War Fund Luncheon j Guests to Symbolize Groups Receiving Aid Serviceman and Greek And Nursery School Students to Be Honored BULLETIN. Community War Fund con tributions reached a total of S2.254.232 94—47 per cent of quota—at a general report luncheon of workers this afternoon at the United States Chamber of Commerce. "THIS IS WORTH FIGHTING FOR"—A picture story of why the War Fund goal is greater Page B-l Leaders of the Community War Fund today were scheduled to1 honor a serviceman, a Greek student and a 5-year-old settle-j ment house nursery school child at a report luncheon meeting in the United States Chamber of Commerce as symbols of organi zations benefiting from the S4.800.000 fund drive. The three guests were scheduled to sit at the head table in the Hall of Flags with Coleman Jennings.' campaign chairman, and division chairmen. The serviceman was to be selected by the United Service Organizations the Greek student by United Nations Relief workers and the Settlement House student by the local Community Chest agencies. Prisoners Aid is also included among the 145 agencies in the drive. The report meeting today was the first that all four divisions of the fund—Advance Gifts. Government. Business and Finance and Metro politan—have held together since the start of the drive October 5. Metropolitan workers began their work yesterday, going from house to house in the residential areas and soliciting for the fund in small offices. Other Report Meetings Scheduled. The other three divisions have been working since the start of the drive, however, and have reported total collections so far of $1,764. 139.93—36 per cent of quota. Of: this total. Advance Gifts has col lected $309,567.29: Business and Fi nance. $392,354.90 and Government $1,062,217.74 Similar report meetings together are scheduled for Monday. Wednes day and Friday of next week. Arlington County also was sched uled to hold a report meeting at 8 p.m. today at 3159 Wilson boule vard. Arlington. Va Under the leadership of R Wade Pearson, the Arlington County fund workers are trying to collect $48,000 They reported only $5,000 to date, collected by the Advance Gifts Di vision under Stephen Smith. Civic Group Sponsor Canvasses. The house-to-house campaign here is being sponsored by civic organizations. The Takoma Park solicitation, for example, is spon sored by the Citizens' Association of Takoma The association has or ganized a collection team, with Mrs. Carl V. Hickman as chairman Cap tains under her include Mrs. Joseph i Cermak. Mrs Harry Short and Mrs. S. R Collier. Arthur Artung is chairman of a group from the Northeast Business men's Association, which is spon soring canvassing of the northeast business section. The Young Men's Christian Association. Boy Scouts] and Knights of Columbus" are also1 organizing sponsoring groups for: neighborhood collection. Patterson Assails Warren's Charges on Army Contracts GAO Approved 99 Pet. of Vouchers, He Informs House Committee By the Associated Press. Undersecretary of War Patter son stoutly denied at a House Military Affairs Committee hear ing today that War Department contracting officers are “inept and inefficient” and are “dishing out the property and money of the United States with reckless abandon.” His statement was In reply to charges on these counts made by Controller General Warren, who testified in opposition to proposed legislation giving the War Depart ment final authority to negotiate settlements of terminated war con tracts. Mr. Patterson said with respect to the Warren testimony: “This committee and the Nation have been given a picture of War Department waste and mishandling of public funds. Unanswered, these charges might shake the confidence of the people in the integrity and (See PATTERSON, PageX-267f~ i Senate Postwar Resolution Gets Committee 0. K. Connally Proposal Approved by Vote Of 20 to 2 B* the Associated Press, The Senate Foreign Relations Committee approved without change today the Connally reso lution pledging the United States to join with free and soverign nations in the maintenance of world peace. Senator Shipstead. Republican, of Minnesota, who came out of a closed meeting, said the resolution was adopted after proposals by a group of Senators to “strengthen and clarify" its wording had been re jected. Text of Resolution. As previously approved by a sub committee. the resolution declares “Resolved, by the Senate of the united States: "That the war against all our enemies be waged until complete victory is achieved: “That the United States co operate with its comrades in arms in securing a just and honorable peace: chat the United States, acting through its constitutional processes, join with free and sovereign nations in the establishment and mainte nance of international authority with power to prevent aggression and to preserve the peace of the world.” Senator Clark. Democrat, of Mis souri srad the resolution was ap proved by a 20 to 2 vote, after an amendment by Senator Pepper, Democrat, of Florida, in behalf of those seeking stronger commit ments, was defeated. 16 to 5. An other similar amendment offered bv Senator Wagner, Democrat, of New York also was rejected. Majority Leader Barkley an nounced immediately that the Sen ate would begin debate on the reso lution Monday. Chairman Connally later an nounced the formal vote. Senators La Follette. Progressive, of Wiscon sin and Johnson. Republican, of California, both absent, were re corded against, it. he said. Voting for the resolution were: Senators George of Georgia Wag ner of New York. Thomas of Utah. Van Nuys, of Indiana, Murray of Montana Pepper. Green of Rhode Island. Connally. Barkley. Guffey of Pennsylvania, Gillette of Iowa. Clark of Missouri, Glass of Virginia <bv proxy) and Tunnell of Delaware. Democrats, and Capper of Kansas. Vandenberg of Michigan, White of Maine. Shipstead and Nye of North Dakota. Da via of Pennsyl vania. Republicans. Senator Reynolds. Democrat, of North Carolina was absent and was not recorded. Favor Stronger Statement. A group of at least 11 Senators, in cluding Senators Ball, Republican, of Minnesota: Burton. Republican, of Ohio: Hatch. Democrat, of New Mexico, and Hill. Democrat, of Ala bama. co-authors of one of the origi nal peace resolutions referred to the committee, favor a stronger phrase ology, calling for military force if necessary to preserve the peace. Discussing the proposal to make the United Nations the center of the organization. Senator Gillette showed reporters this list of nations, jotted down on a scratch pad. which he said would be barred from partici pation because they had not signed the United Nations pact: Sweden. Portugal. Spain, Switzer land. Turkey, Denmark, Chile. Peru, France. Venezuela. Ecuador. Argen tina. Egypt. Paraguay. Uruguay. Co lombia. Liberia. Thailand. Afghani stan. Lithuania. Estonia, Latvia, Albania. Italy and Eire. Woman Gets 20 Years In Richmond Slaying £s the Associated Press RICHMOND. Va . Oct. 21—Hus tings Court Judge Ingram yesterday sentenced Emma Virginia booms. 27, to 20 years in the State Peniten tiary after she pleaded guilty to complicity m the knife-slaying of Vinichio Bichi. a confectionery clerk here. Commonwealth's Attorney Haddon recommended to Judge Ingram that the defendant be given only 20 years because of her aid to the State in its prosecution of Harry Edward Parris, who was electrocuted last j Friday for the Bichi slaying, ana [Violet Merryman. Violet Merryman has received sentences of 30 and 25 years, not to run concurrently, for the Bichi kill ing and the murder of Frank Har ; grove, slain in Henrico Countv the , same week end Bichi met. his death. Judge Ingram said the 20-year | term imposed on the Dooms woman should run concurrently with the 30-year term she was given in Hen rico County in the Hargrove murder \ case. |Witness Falls Dead Outside Court Room Grant C. Thompson. 32, a Times 1 Herald printer of 1813 S street SE„ ^died of a heart attack about noon ; today while waiting to testify in a ! divorce suit in District Court. He collapsed in a corridor outside Jus tice Proctor's court and was pro : nounced dead by a Casualty Hospital j physician. i Police reported Mr. Thompson was appearing as a witness. He is sur vived by a wife and two children. Late Bulletin Economy Drive Planned Chairman Doughton of the House Ways and Means Com mittee said today he had been given assurances that the ad ministration “will make every effort to locate and eradicate all unnecessary expenditures" in the Government.