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Rain ending late tonight, colder, i strong winds. Temperatures today—Highest, 51, at 1 1:30 p.m.; lowest, 48, at 7:10 a.m.; 48 at noon. Yesterday—Highest, 55, at 3:55 p.m.; lowest, 45, at 4 a.m. Late New York Markets, Page A-V5. Guide for Readers rage. Amusements B-16 Comics B-14-15 Editorials ...... A-8 Edit'l Articles A-9 Finance A-M-15 Lost and Found A-3 Page. Obituary .A-10 Radio .B-15 Society _B-3 Sports_A-12-13 Where to Go A-ll Woman's Page B-10 An Associated Press Newjpoper 91st YEAR. No. 36,335. WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, OCTOBER 25, 1943—THIRTY-TWO PAGES. *** Washington THRVTV PRVTQ Elsewhere and Suburbs 1 11 ■*- FIVE CENTS Nazi Forces Face 5th Army Trap As Fierce Battles Rage in Hills; Resistance Stiffening in Russia Vital Rail Town Is Captured in 3-Mile Drive Ey the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Algiers, Oct. 25.—Violent moun tain battles flared on the 5th Army front in Italy today as the result of an Allied drive of three miles which took the vital rail and road junction of Sparanise, 13 miles from the Western coast. The advance of the 5th Army, witnessed by Gen. Dwight D. Eisen hower while on a tour of the front, placed the American and British troops north of the stoutly defended Regia defense canal leading to the sea and imperiled the position of the Nazi troops in that area. “If they don't get out they will be caught in a pocket,'' a military com mentator said. The Germans launched four, counterattacks in an effort to re lieve their position, but, in the words of the commentator, they were driver, off with “a bloody nose." The entire tempo of the war in the sea and air stiffened as Ameri- j can heavy bombers blasted Southern Austria and raided the airfield at Tirana. Albania, a second time. British Pour Across River. On the British 8th Army's eastern front Gen. Sir Bernard L. Mont-, gomery's men poured into an en larged bridgehead across the Trigno River to attack German positions beyond. On the 5th Army front heavy German counterattacks flared east from Sparanise toward Pignatore and Maggiora. American troops smashed back four Nazi assaults in 54 hours. The 5th Army advance in a moun tainous area oveilooking the coast constituted a severe threat to the pntire German position and if con tinued would seriously endanger the enemy's Massico Ridge line. Sparanise is about seven miles north of the Volturno near the cen ter of Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark's line, and four miles due west of Pigna toro. in Allied hands for several days. Two Towns Captured. Where the 8th Army plunged across the Trigno River was not specified by yesterday’s communi que, but capture of Lucito and Montenerc. both east of the stream, was announced. In the center, yesterday's com munique disclosed, British and Ca nadian troops registered a new ad vance paralleling the strategic Vinchiaturo-Isernia highway up the backbone of Italy by storming and capturing the upland city of Cam pochiaro and nearby heights com manding the road. By breaching the German Trigno River line, the 8rh Army raised a threat to the lateral Vasto-Isernia highway a few miles beyond. A sweep southwest down this highway to Isernia would flank the Nazi forces delaying an advance up the Vinchiaturo-Isernia road, the occupation of Isernia itself would open up another important highway on to the southwest and the rear of the Massico Ridge defenses the Germans have thrown up to delay the 5th Army. 5th Army Takes Hamlet. Tn a further advance up the North Volturno in the general direction of Venafro, eastern anchor of the Mas sico line, 5th Army troops captured the hamlet of Baia-Elatina over the week end. The rail yards and aircraft factory fit Pistoia near Florence were bombed last night, and other com munications lines at Formia on the west coast and nearby Minturno were blasted again. In turn the Germans struck again fit. Naples, now being converted into an Allied supply port, and 15 Nazi planes were shot down yesterday, mostly in sky tangles over Italy. Three of them were bombers which attempted to raid Naples. The Germans stepped up their air defense by throwing at least 60 fighters against the Allied attackers. American Flying Fortresses and Liberators, flying for the time with the escort of long-range P-38 Light nings from Italian bases for a foray t See ITALY,' Pa ge A -14 7) Late News Bulletins De Marigny Hair Burned NASSAU i/Pk—Capt. E. W. Melchen of Miami testified to day that he found singed hairs on Alfred de Marigny’s hands, arms and face the night after Sir Harry Oakes was beaten to death by an attacker who apparently tried to hide the crime by setting a fire. (Earlier Story on Page A-6.) Estate Tax Boost Rejected The House Ways and Means Committee voted today against any increase in estate and gift taxes, trimming 5400.000,000 from the administration's re quest for 510,500,000,000 in new revenue levies and leaving cor poration and excise taxes as the only other two tax sources recommended by the Treasury. The committee already has rejected any new increases in Individual income levies. U. S. Must Dedicate Its Might To World Peace, Connally Says Senator Calls for Collective Security In Opening Debate on Postwar Resolution Bs the Associated Press. Opening one of the Senate's most important debates in this generation, Senator Connally, Democrat, of Texas declared to day the hour has struck for America to show that its might would be dedicated to world peace and against aggression henceforth. The chairman of the Foreign Re lations Committee took the floor to urge adoption of his resolution that the United States "join with free and sovereign Nations in the estab lishment and maintenance of inter national authority with power to prevent aggression and to preserve the peace of the world.” With every indication pointing to eventual approval of the resolution by an overwhelming vote, Senator Connally declared: "Isolation has failed. Let us try collective security.” "The United States can not write a pattern of its own and expect all other nations to accept it in detail.” he continued. “The Senate of the United States can not blue print in advance the action of the nations whose influence, power and arms must secure the desired results. “The most that the Senate may accomplish at this time is to ex press to the peoples of the world and to lay before the people of the United States the attitude of the Senate with respect to this com manding problem.'1 Senator Connally said the United States is so powerful that it is "invincible against any single pow er on the globe.'1 and should be equally powerful in world councils. "The world knows that we cherish no scheme of conquest and no am bition for military rule," he said. "The hour has struck for America to instill these principles into world policy.” Senator Connally said he would resist any effort to insert even a comma in the resolution, approved by the Foreign Relations Committee. "I'm not going to make any (See POSTWAR. PageA-tD " Two-Way Air Squeeze Hinted by Raids on Southern Reich U. S. Heavy Bombers Make Attack; Mosquitos Blast Ruhr, Rhineland Lr the Associated Press. LONDON, Oct. 25.—RAF Mos- j quitos bombed targets in the Ruhr and Rhineland, the Brit ish announced today as the Ber lin radio hinted at the start of a big-scale, two-way Allied aerial squeeze on Germany by declaring j that American four-engined1 bombers based in Italy had at- ( tacked Southern Germany. Aus tria and Hungary yesterday. A brief Air Ministry communique announcing the RAF raids gave no details of the overnight operations. ■ which also included mine-laying in, enemy waters. All planes were said I to have returned safely. Allied headcuarters announced raids on Austria and Tirana, capital of Albania, but did not disclose the bases from which the planes started.; German broadcasts said they came ’ from Italy, throwing as many as 300 heavy bombers and 200 fight ers into the assault, with bombs falling "over a fairly large area between Vienna and the northern approaches to the Alps." Attack Is Surprise. The German broadcasts gave every indication the attack was a big sur prise and was carried out in great force. It came at the very moment when a major new development was being unfolded in Britain for the two direction air attack against Ger many—the installation on British bases of squadrons of P-38 Light ning fighters equipped with extra fuel tanks to give them a range of 1.100 miles. In the Berlin broadcast, the Ger man news agency DNB said targets in the Austrian province of Styria were among the objectives and that at one place “major damage was caused." The last big raid on the Vienna area was the attack on the aircraft factory at Wiener Neustadt October 1 by American Liberators based in North Africa. A Budapest dispatch by way of. Stockholm said bombs, incendiaries and leaflets were dropped in South- j • See RAIDS, Page A-14.) Stalin Receives Hull; Agreements Recorded At Tripartite Talks Soviet Press Indicates Coalition of Powers Necessary for Peace By HENRY C. CASSIDY, Associated Press War Correspondent. MOSCOW. Oct. 25.—Marshal Joseph Stalin received Cordell Hull, United States Secretary dV State, today as the tripartite con ference on war and postwar problems moved into its seventh 1 day. There was no indication of the subjects covered in the talk be tween the Soviet leader and the 72-vear-old Secretary of State, high est U. S. official ever to visit the Soviet Union. Stalin last week had1 talked with Anthony Eden, Mr, Hull's British counterpart. Diplomatic experts, meanwhile, were setting down in black and white the points agreed on by rep resentatives of the United States. Russia and Britain at the confer ence. The discussions proceeded amid growing signs in the Soviet press that the Ru1 sians considered a coalition of the three powers as necessary for future world peace, the plain-spoken publication War and the Working Class asserting that “a combination of any two of them should not stand alone.’ The nature of the documents to be drafted by the experts was not disclosed but it was learned that Mr. Hull. Eden and Soviet Foreign Commissar Vyacheslav Molotov al ready had begun deliberating on particular issues after having agreed in principle on some of the general questions. Mr. Hull, who conferred at the British Embassy at noon yesterday, spent the evening resting while most of the members of the American and British delegations went to the Bol shoi Theater to see the ballet. War and the Working Class, the usually hard-hitting trade union or gan. said the conference would have to overcome difficulties “which are not minor.’’ but “will fulfill its im portant mission of breaking dow-n the enemy’s calculations for pro longing the war.” Asserting that this was the “first real problem." the magazine added < See~ CONFERENCEr Page A-6.) Barkley Makes Roosevelt Issue In Kentucky Race for Governor Insists Democratic Defeat Would Appear Repudiation of Administration Program SPANGLER SAYS GOP will win presidency and Congress in 1944 elections. Page A-4 Bv GOULD LINCOLN, Star Staff Correspondpnr FRANKFORT, Ky.. Oct. 25.— The political eyes of the Nation— and of the world, according to [Senator Barkley—are on Ken tucky's gubernatorial election. The Senate majority leader is in the State, throwing himself into the campaign. His contention is that a defeat for the Democratic ticket in this State would be re garded as a repudiation of Presi dent Roosevelt's program in its i entirety. The Democratic nominee for Gov ernor. J. Lyter Donaldson, is sound ing the same note in his speeches. Undoubtedly a reverse in Ken tucky would give the Democrats cold shivers as they look forward to the 1944 presidential race. But that it would interfere with the war effort in any real degree is em phatically denied by the Republi cans. Judge Simeon S. Willis, the Republican nominee for Governor. I puts it this way: "Mr. Donaldson professes to fear the psychological effect of my Sec tion upon the successful prosecu tion of the war, or in any event, upon the making of a durable peace. What Mr. Donaldson really fears is the devastating effect of m.v elec tion upon his political machine. Co-operation Pledged. “My position is that this Nation is a part of the world and must be concerned by all that happens in the world. We cannot be safe when there is safety nowhere else. In the Governor’s office I shall support any honorable and practicable plan for international co-operation that may promote the peace for which we all pray.” The Republicans, however, do not deny that a victory for them in the Kentucky race this year will be a blow to Democratic hopes in die na tional election next year. They understand, as well as the Demo crats, that such a victory would be a great encouragement to ihe GOP nationally and similarly a discour agement to the Democratic party. Mi. Donaldson has produced a letter over the signature of Werner W. Schroeaer, Republican national committeeman for Illinois, which Mr. Donaldson said requests prom inent Republicans in Illinois and other Midwest States to make sub stantial contributions to the cam paign fund of Judge Willis. “Re publican success in Kentucky.” the (See LINCOLN, Page A-4.) ■- • Germans Pour In More Troops Against Reds Bs the Associated Press. MOSCOW, Oct. 25.—The Nazis today threw in more troops, planes, tanks and artillery and fought back violently in a desper ate bid to stem the mighty Red Army offensive w’hich threatened to pin them in a large sack in the Dnieper River bend as the Russians rolled on to within 6 miles of the iron and rail center of Krivoi Rog. The only way out of the trap is a 50-mile wide gap from Krivoi Rog southeastward to the Dnieper. As the Soviet right flank pushed down on Krivoi Rog and other pow erful groups moved through the broken Zaporozhe-Melitopol line to ward the Crimea, several highly im portant cities already were definitely outflanked and it appeared dubious that the Germans could hold them much longer. These included Dnepropetrovstc and nearby Dneprodzerzhni.sk. one time centers of Soviet electric pow er, and Nikopol, where some of the finest manganese ore deposits in the Soviet Union are located. Only One way Out. There is only one way out of Dnepropetrovsk for the Germans and that is down a single-track railway to Nikolaev, through the bottleneck of Kosionovo, also in the Dnieper elbow. The big Red Army breakthrough of the Zaporozhe-Melitopol line brought another threat to the almost encircled Germans in the Dneiper elbow. If the Russians can push onj through the Askaniya steppe the, exit from the bend would be threat-! ened from two sides. Some of the heaviest fighting spread over the steppe, as the Ger man commanders, watching then best divisions meet defeat, tried fiercely to keep from losing the Crimea. i Tlie German high command acknowledged that the Russians had established bridgeheads across the Dnieper River on both sides of Dnepropetrovsk and that attacks on the iron and com munications center of Krivol Rog had been intensified. (The communique, broadcast from Berlin, also said bitter bat tles were continuing along the central and southern fronts, but claimed that Red Army attacks south of Melitopol and southeast of Zaporozhe had been repulsed.> Surge Toward Crimea. South of Melitopol the Red Army surged down the railway toward the Crimea. This is deserted steppe country, with few towns and only scattered villages. The Germans’ present battleground is a place where they must hold or retreat back into the Crimea to certain disaster. Askaniya steppe is one of the weirdest, sectors of the Soviet Union. Through some of its landscape the Germans will see shadows of steppe mhages presenting fantastic pic tures of rivers, lakes and trees. The capture of four towns after the break-through at Melitopol gave the Soviet forces a good start across the Askaniya steppe in the direc tion of the only railway escape line out of the Crimea for the Germans. Single-Tracked Line. This is a single-tracked line run ning from Perekop, at the northern tip of the Crimea, to Kherson. 5 miles from the western bank of the Lower Dnieper. If advance units can reach and cut this line the only land way out of the Crimea for thousands of Ger man troops—some of whom have been convalescing there, will be blocked. It also should be remembered that the defeated German Army of the Taman Peninsula also has been crowded into the Crimea Great numbers of troops already are being flown out of the Crimea to the As kaniya steppe to try to hold the line. President's Condition Is Slightly Improved President Roosevelt still was under the weather today as the result of an attack of grippe, but he had less than one degree of temperature, W House Secretary Stephen T. Early told reporters. Rear Admiral Ross T. Mclntire. | the President's physician, said the Chief Executive still is a “little j achey,” but he believed Mr. Roose velt would be up in his study this I atfernoon. He was conforming to no regular schedule, however, and making no set appointments. Degree Given Gen. Clark By Naples University By the Associated Press. NAPLES, Oct. 25.—Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark, receiving an honorary degree of political science from the Royal University of Naples, told the Italian people today that he was confident Italy would see a renais sance. and added: “We ask only enough of your Italian soil to bury our gallant dead.” Gen. Clark called the degree “a tribute to the entire 5th Army and its British-American soldiers." Adolfo Omodeo. rector of the uni versity, expressed gratitude to the troops for freeing Naples from the Nazis. /someth inoTY I TELLS ME I'M i i BEING TALKED ^^ABOUT^/ , \ Huge Chart to Record Contributions Today At War Fund Rally 52 Per Cent of Quota Already Recorded in Drive for $4,800,000 BULLETIN. Community War Fund con tributions reached a total of $2.816.476.97—58 per cent of the $4,800,000 goal—at a re port luncheon this afternoon at the United States Chamber of Commerce. __ _ | Community War Fund officials have put up a huge chart In the auditorium of the United States Chamber of Commerce in readi ness to record new contributions at the second report luncheon of fund solicitors today. The clrart, 300 feet lone, already shows red markings indicating pledges of $2,498,424.19—52 per cent of the $4,800,000 quota. To repre sent 145 agencies included in the drive this year, honor guests at the luncheon were to be a five-year-old boy from the Washington Home for Foundlings; Pvt. Ann Farragama of the WAC. appearing for United Service Organizations and a Chinese Boy Scout. Motion pictures from the battle fronts were sched uled to be shown. Coleman Jennings. campaign chairman, has scheduled two more report meetings for this week on Wednesday and Friday. The drive is expected to continue another week to “clean up odds and ends.’’ Wants All Givers Contacted. “The drive will not be prolonged to recanvass people who have given already,” Herbert L. Willett, jr.. ex ecutive director, announced. “But War Fund Events Events today and tomorrow in connection with the Com munity War Fund drive are the following: Today. 8 p.m., 3159 Wilson boule vard; second report meeting. Arlington County. 10:35 p.m., Station tVMAL: movie stars appear for National War Fund at Los Angeles rally. Tomorrow. Noon, Social Security Audi torium: War Production Board employes hold recanvassing fund rally. we will prolong it if we have reason to believe there are still people who haven't been asked to give to the fund " War Production Board employes on their own initiative have decided that some people in WPB were never interviewed by office solicitors. Therefore they have scheduled to morrow as “double hundred” day to recanvass all prospective givers. Those who have given have been warned by the WPB committee to wear their tiny “I have given” tags. L. R. Boulware of WPB will begin the recanvass with a rally at noon tSee~WAR~FUNDTpage A-14.) Mrs. Roosevelt to Speak At Philadelphia CIO Parley ■ Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt has accepted invitations to address the .CIO convention and a CIO women's ! auxiliary luncheon in Philadelphia next week. One or two top Govern ment officials also are expected to speak. The convention will open Monday and be in session the remainder of the week. CIO vice presidents will meet this Wednesday and a pre convention meeting of the Executive Board will get under way Thursday. New York Police Seek $31,500 Diamond Ring By the Associated Press. NEW YORK. Oct. 25.—Police to day were investigating the disap pearance of a 14-carat diamond ring, valued at $31,500, from a hotel suite occupied by Mrs. Virginia Tucker Kent Catherwood, daughter of A. Atwater Kent, radio manufac turer, of Ardmore, Pa. Mrs. Catherwood, divorced wife of Cummins Catherwood of Phila delphia, told detectives she last wore the ring October 13 and did not discover it was missing until last Thursday. House Asks Deferment Inquiry In Eight Government Agencies War, Navy Worst Offenders, Report Of Committee Says By MIRIAM OTTENBERG. The House Military Affairs Committee today recommended an investigation of deferments in the War and Navy Depart ments and six other agencies which have asked a substantial number of deferments. In an interim report to the House on the Costello subcommittee's in vestigation of Federal draft defer ment, the committee declared the deferment of civilian employes of the War and Navy Departments dwarfed all other agencies. The committee also contended that in the Army and Navy uni formed officers work side by side with civilians and do similar work "with resultant problems detrimen tal to morale.'’ Army and Navy replacement schedules, which provide for grari <See COSTELLO. Page A-14.) Right of Way Cleared For Action Tomorrow On Father Dr‘aft By J. A. O’LEARY. The House Rules Committee paved the way today for House consideration tomorrow of a re vised version of the Senate's father-draft bill, by giving it the right of way with two hours of general debate. Without forbidding the induction of fathers, it seeks to make them the last group called by requiring the draft of single men and child less married men on a Nation-wide basis first. Most important change the House Military Affairs Committee made in the Senate measure was to repeal orders of the War Manpower Com mission setting up nonessential classes of employment. This is ac complished by providing that men shall not be inducted because of oc cupation or in occupational groups. 'See FATHERS. Page A-14.) _ Bowles Is Appointed Successor to Brown As OPA Administrator Has Been With Agency As General Manager Since First of August Chester Bowles, who has been general manager of the Office of Price Administration since Au gust 1. today was nominated by President Roosevelt to succeed Prentiss Brown as administrator. Mr. Bowles’ appointment came as no surprise. His elevation to the chief post of the rationing and price control agency had been forecast when Mr. Brown's resignation was announced last Thursday. The post of general manager was created for Mr. Bowles, and it was generally conceded that he would take over the active direction of OPA. Mr. Brown left the agency almost completely in his hands, re maining out of the city for long periods. Removed Professors. One of the first things Mr. Bowles did when he took over his new as signment was to appoint practical business men to key positions, re placing the "college professors" who had been arousing the ire of Con gress. In taking that action, Mr. Bowles was conforming with a man date from Congress that OPA offi cials in policy-making posts must have practical and successful ex perience in the fields over which they had supervision. Mr. Bowles has leaned more and more toward enlisting the co-opera tion of citizens in obtaining compli ance with OPA regulations and in wiping out black market operations, j Under his direction, price control panels were set up as adjuncts to local boards and given the assign (See-BOWLES. Page'A-14 * Rail Strike Ballot Also May Include Work Rule Changes Nonoperating Unions Act Today on Poll On Wage Demands F> the Associated Press. CHICAGO. Oct, 25.—The ques tion of a strike vote among 350. 000 railroad workers was broad ened today to include possible action to force revision of work ing rules under an announce ment by the Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen. The Trainmen’s president. A. F. Whitney, said last night his union would include on its strike ballot a request for authority to seek wide revision of certain working rules, which. Mr. Whitney asserted, “have long worked unnecessary hardship on our members, and which also pro vide incentives for the carriers to waste manpower.'’ It was not known whether the other rail unions would join the Trainment in these demands. (The 15 nonoperating brother hoods are expected to decide in Washington today if a strike vote will be authorized. Economic Stabilization Director Fred M. Vinson has denied them an 8 cent hourly award proposed by a wage board.) Seek S3-a-Day Raise. A meeting of the five brotherhoods Saturday adopted plan for a Na tion-wide strike ballot over the question of wage increases. The unions have rejected a 4 cents an hour boost proposed by an emer gency board and are seeking a 30 per cent boost with a minimum in crease of S3 a day. A spokesman who declined to per (See RAILS. Page_A-l47> Conviction of 'Society Burglar' Quashed by Appeals Court The United States Court of Appeals today invalidated the two lower court convictions of James P. Mitchell, 26, charged with housebreaking and larceny, on the ground that police vio lated the law in holding the de fendant more than a week be fore bringing him before a mag istrate. Citing the Supreme Court decision in the McNabb case which struck at the heart of third-degree meth ods, the appellate court declared the higher court's ruling "leaves us no alternative but to apply the same rule with the same results to the facts in the present case.” Mitchell, who was known to police as the “society burglar," was twice convicted by the District Court earl ier this year. He was arrested last October after a series of house breakings in fashionable residential sections. "Hie court declared that “after appellant was arrested and brought from his home to the police station and interrogated by the officers the confession obtained and his consent to the search given, he was con tinued under arrest for more than a week by the police without being brought before a magistrate, a com missioner or court—and this in the very teeth of the statute which commands arraignment 'immedi ately and without delay.' ” The court said the case was almost identical with the McNabb case which makes a confession, voluntary or involuntary, inadmissible in evi dence on the trial of the case. Tire district attorney’s office re ported it was planning to ask the Court of Appeals to withhold send ing its mandate to the lower court leading to Mitchell's release, until it had recommended to the Solicitoi General that the case be taken on to the Supreme Court. Court attaches said they believed this was the first appellate court decision growing out of the McNabfc decision, which was handed down March 1. Coal Strikes Spread Despite Leaders' Pleas Increasing Signs of WLB Rejection of Illinois Pact Seen By thf Associated Prpts. “Wildcat” strikes spread to more soft coal pits today in a work stoppage emphasized by a Solid Fuels Administration re port of sharply dropping produc tion of the important fuel in the last reporting week. Meanwhile, there were increasing indicatioas that the War Labor Board would not approve in its present form the proposed Illinois bituminous contract which the min ers have held up as a model for the whole industry. Most of the strik ing miners attribute their idleness to the United Mine Workers' tradi tional policy of "no contract—no work.” In the face of appeals from union leaders to go back into the mines, lest they prejudiee their own case, workers refused to enter seven more mines in Harlan County. Ky.. boost ing idleness there to nearly half I of the 12.000 miners in the county. Approximately 2.750 men were in jvolved, joining 3.140 others who quit four more Harlan mines last week. 4.HMI Bark at Big Sandy Mines. That difficulty was somewhat off set by the return of approximately 4.100 men to five mines in the Big Sandy region of Northeastern Ken tucky after settlement of grievances which were described as local and unconnected wtih the Nation-wide contract issue, Illinois' list of nonworking miners climbed to nearly 5.500, compared with 4 000 Saturday. Most of the strikes were in Southern Illinois. The big Maiden Mine of the Kelly's Creek Colliery Co. at Maids ville. W. Va.. was closed by the re fusal of approximately 300 men to work without a contract and another 400 men at other pits in that State went out with them More were expected to join the walkout on later shifts. Six big mines went back into production in Alabama, but crews were less than normal, though UMW officials there predicted the walkouts of most of the State's 22.000 miners would end soon. All of the resum ing mines provide fuel for the coal and iron plants in the Birmingham area. Mines of the Tennessee Coal, Iron & Railroad Co., biggest South ern steel producer, still were idle. The Illinois contract calls for a minimum increase of $1.50 a day in miners’ earnings, but reports here ! indicated WLB favor for a formula trimming the boost to $1.12^ mini mum, with the increase going up on longer work weeks. That informa tion came out of week end emer gency sessions in which the board discussed the case. The Fuels Administration attrib uted the coal production decline di rectly to the strikes and continued loss of manpower, reporting the bi tuminous slump for the week ending October 16 at nearly 500.000 tom under the previous week, and the anthracite loss at 19.000 tons. The Alabama strike cut Into steal production right at the outset, caus 1 See COAlTPage A-14.1 “ Jap Bomber Driven Off In Vicinify of Attu By the Associated Pres*. A Japanese bomber operating la the vicinity of American positions on Attu Island in the Aleutians was atacked by a Navy patrol bomber and probably damaged yesterday afternoon, the Navy reported today. A Navy announcement said the attack occurred about 175 miles southwest of Cape Wrangell on Attu. The United States bomber suffered no damage. This was the third recent occa sion on which the Navy reported presence of enemy aircraft in the vicinity of the Aleutians. On Octo ber 21 an American plane engaged a Japanese bomber in the area and i on October 13 ten Japanese bombers ; flew high over Attu and dropped i bombs which caused no damage. J. J. Haggerty Nominated As Post Office Controller John J. Haggerty, an employe of the Post Office Department for 25 [years, today was nominated by Presi I dent Roosevelt to be controller of the Post Office Department, succeeding I William L. Slattery, | Mr. Haggerty, 52. a resident of Berwyn, Md„ entered the department as a stenographer in 1918. He was appointed assistant controller Au gust 1. 1932. He was appointed com missioner of the budget July 1, 1942, in a reorganization of the depart ment. Mr. Slattery transferred a year ago to the Maritime Commission and the post of controller has been va I cant since. German War Prisoner Flees Tennessee Camp By the Associated Press. NASHVILLE, Tenn., Oct. 25— Col. Harry E. Dudley, officer in charge of the prisoner of war camp near Crossville. Tenn., yesterday re ported the escape of a man listed as Capt. Wolfgang Herman Hell fritsch, former member of a Ger man panzer unit. Federal Bureau of Investigation agents here said a Nation-wide search was being made for him. The 28-year-old prisoner, cap tured in North Africa several months ago. was missed at a roll call cf prisoners at 5 p.m. Saturday, Col. Dudley said. Col. Dudley described him as being about 6 feet tall, weighing about 166 pounds and having blond hair and gray eyes. He said the prisoner speaks English fluently but with a slight accent.