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Not Debates, Key to Peace By DAVID LAWRENCE. The debate in the Senate this week is strangely reminiscent of the debates which were heaid in America during the World War and shortly thereafter. Then, as now, the Senators said the world must be organ ized so that there would be no further ag gression and so that American lives would not have to be sacri ficed again. Then, as now, the phrases Of David Lavrrncc. resolutions were discussed and the Senators, depending on their re spective points of view', w'ere cau tious about the implications of this or that phrase. Back in 1915, William Howard Taft organized the League to En force Peace. As a former President of the United States who ap proached the matter without par tisanship, his proposals were ac claimed and from time to time vari ous parts of his program were ap proved by Theodore Roosevelt and Senator Lodge. Then, when President Wilson took! up the idea and carried it to Paris' to be embodied in the peace treaty, \ some of the Republican Senators! veerpd away from it. Again the thought was expressed that the treaty be signed first and the form! of world organization be left to some i future time. But Mr. Wilson felt j that the making of a world-wide? organization to preserve peace was an imperative first step. Opposition Develops. Opposition came from Republican quarters. Mr. Wilson received con structive suggestions from William Howard Taft and Elihu Root, the leaders of the Republican party. Every one of the suggestions v as put into the Covenant of the League of Nations, but when Mr. Wilson j returned from Paris he found an organized opposition in the Senate. The reservations which were of fered under the leadership of Sena tor Lodge were of such a nature that President Wilson thought they j nullified the League. The reserva tions would have required renego-1 tiation with the other governments and meant endless delay and per- j haps the killing of the League Cove nant. Mr. Wilson agreed to what he termed ‘'interpretive” reserva tions offered by Senator Hitchcock. The Senate refused to ratify the Covenant, the vote being just about eight less than the needed two thirds. This was in 1919 and 1920. Finally came the presidential' campaign of 1920. Thirty-one Re publicans of prominence, including William Howard Taft, Elihu Root,! Charles Evans Hughes and George W. Wlckersham, signed a statement ; saying that a vote for Harding was a vote for the League With the Lodge reservations, and that if Gov. Cox of Ohio were elected President, he would insist on the League with out these reservations. Harding Changes Stand. But when Mr. Harding was elected President—although he had twice in the Senate voted for the League j of Nations Covenant with the Lodge | reservations—he refused to resub- j mit the Covenant, and it has never been submitted for ratification since t then. By thus turning on the in- j ternationally-minded group of his own party, Mr. Harding adopted, the isolationist point of view. The League of Nations, which was j to have been started with the United States as a charter member, found itself without the most powerful j nation in the world as a member. All through the Senate debates it had been agreed that the league of; victors should form the nucleus of a world organization. Everything! that is being said this week was; said then. The other, governments of the world have since blarney the mis-| fortunes of the League and the j chaos in Europe on America's ab- i stention from a world organization.! The criticism was felt deeply by President Hoover, who helped to! promulgate the so-called Kellogg-1 Briand treaties, outlawing aggres- j sive war as an instrument of na-1 tional policy. Virtually all nations, j Including America, signed those j treaties, but again America refused to say specifically whether she would | come to the aid of the victims of aggression. Reich Order Grows. Meanwhile, Germany's economic; situation became worse and worse, j and the consequences of her infla tion were such as to produce social j disorder, to remedy which Hitler j came into power and assumed a die-; tatorsnip. From 1933. when Hitler; took office, warnings came regularly! to America that he was arming! Germany. Many billions of dollars! that were spent on the WPA pro-: gram here might have been spent; in building up America's armament.; While, fortunately, some of the money was appropriated for that, purpose, the fact is that our na tional leadership in the executive and legislative branches ignored the rising power of Germany and the; prospects of a second world war. Senator Taft, Republican, has come out for a reconstituted League of Nations. Senator Hatch, Demo-j crat, of New Mevico feels that the League furnishes a framework for, future peace organization. It Is not the resolutions which are before the Senate which will com mit America to a definite program of assisting in maintaining the peace of the world, but definite commitments in the form of specific treaties that will come up later on. Almost any of the resolutions be fore the Senate will be helpful as a gesture of American interest in preserving peace. It's the wording and obligations of the treaty to be •ubmitted some day which will count and the willingness of the American people to back up that treaty with force. A New 'Peerless Leader' m I By RAYMOND MOLEY. The economic arguments of such a man as the new Henry Wallace cannot be effectively an swered in economic terms. So while the railroads are providing the econom i c counterbl ows to the Vice P r e s i d ent’s attack upon them, it is profitable to s p e c u late a bit on what lies behind these political activities o f Mr. Wallace. Raymond Moley. One thing seems sure. The President, no doubt moved by the realistic Byrnes - Hopkins influ ence, is determined to ditch Mr. Wallace in 1944. Mr. Roose velt would have a hard job flying over some of the Southern States ' in the 1944 election with Mr. Wal lace as his co-pilot. Mr. Wallace knows this, and hence his bitter attacks upon "Southern Demo crats.” Insert the name of Mr. Justice Byrnes, late of the Su preme Court, in the Wallace speeches in place of "Southern Democrats” and you see Mr. Wallace’s meaning clearly. Consider the recent Wallace at tack upon the railroads. This is not a real attack upon railroads. It is an attack upon the Inter state Commerce Commission and, since the President has appointed or reappointed every member of the ICC. it is an attack upon the administration as well. Practically nothing that Mr. Wal lace charges could have happened except with the agreement of the ICC. The additional Wallace crack at the "Western agreement” of "35 railroads operating west of the Mississippi” gives the speech a real Bryanesque-Populist flavor. It is our old friend, the W"511 Street "plot,” emerging once again. Mr. Wallace says the com mittee of directors met at 40 Wall Street, “the headquarters of its most powerful members.” Mr. W. A. Harriman, recently ap pointed Ambassador to Russia, was, according to the New York Times, active in creating this movement. And Mr. Harriman’s most potent administration friend is Harry' Hopkins. So Mr. Wallace is striking at Mr. Hop kins, when he talks about Wall Street. This sounds strange, con sidering the early socialistic as sociations of Mr. Hopkins; but times have changed. What we really have, then, is a left-wing New Deal, whose spokesman is Mr. Wallace, at tacking what many in the inner circle of Washington regard as the "appeasement” of business by the President. The objective of this rebellion is eithey to drive the New Deal toward a position very far to the left in 1944 or to break away and create a radical party whether the President runs or not. For 10 years the leftists have found it profitable to cajole the President by threatening re volt. Generally, they have suc ceeded because his political sense tells him that he could not win an election as a conservative candidate. In centering his attack upon the railroads, Mr. Wallace has hit the President in his most con servative spot. The President's father was interested in rail roads; he was once a director of the D. & H. The President him self has been more sympathetic toward the railroads than toward any other industry. Hence, Mr. Wallace appears as the savior of the left, reviving all the old war cries of populism to stir the farmers, wooing the CIO and, in indirection, pointing the finger of blame at those in the administration who are luke warm toward the great crusade. This is a political maneuver few expected from Mr. Wallace. But a Vice President has time on his hands. And the radicals can always find work for idle hands. (Relessed by the Associated Newspspers ) Citizens' Group Seeks! Probe of NCHA’s Request for Funds A resolution calling for an invest!- j gation of the National Capital Hous ing Authority's request for a $100 - 000,000 appropriation for slum clear ance and housing, to be directed by the Housing and Rent Control Com mittee of the Federation of Citizens’ Associations, was passed last night by the Fort Davis Citizens' Associa tion. The group also discussed the Mc Carran District franchise bill, and the suggestion was offered that vot- I ing privileges be provided for per- j sons who live here and pay District1 income and property taxes but who' retain national voting privileges in a State. The association also passed a res- j olution asking the School Board to draw up plans for the building of a new high school next to the Randle School, in the Randle Highlands area. This, it was pointed out. would relieve the congestion in the Anacostia High School. Oposition was expressed by mem bers to the right turn on the red traffic signal at Branch and Penn sylvania avenues, which, it was said, was endangering pedestrians. The association passed on the membership of Walter M. Dyer. Miss Catherine Edmondson, a rep resentative fro mthe Community War Fund, urged the citizens’ con tinued co-operation and closed with the reminder that “in giving to the War Fund you are giving to 145 agencies.’’ The meeting, at the Ryland Meth odist Church at Branch avenue and S street S.E., was presided over by Mrs. R. L, Tilley,_ i WOOLENS 100% all-wool materials Including gabardine?, worsteds cheviots coverts, tweeds and uniform material—for men s and women’s Fall clothing. Capitol Woolen House »lf» 9th St. N.W. MEt. 3379 LEARN PLASTICS Classroom instruction, plus actual laboratory demonstrations. New classes start soon in Washington. Two evenings weekly, two hours each evening for twenty weeks. Men only. Moderate Tuition. Write for Full Information. NEW YORK TECH NICAL INSTITUTE. Box 4 71-Y, Washington Star. Washington. D. C. E813 To Relieve Dandruff. Drvness. K Oiliness, tailing Hair ■ 41 rears' experience. Best available ■ modern equipment Nominal rates. ■ Exclusive men s department, sepa- ■ rale entrance. W Margaret E. Scheetze, Inc. fi 1115 Conn. Ave. N.W. Nat'l a62« ■ RHISTOL DROPS WITH OR WITHOUT EPHEDRIHE Helps soothe irritated nasal passages. Helps relieve that' ‘stuffed-up" feeling due to colds. CAUTION: Use only a* directed Copr. I9«S. St an co Incorporated North Capitol Citizens Re-Elect J. F. Hardie John F. Hardie. president of the North Capitol Citizens' Association, was re-elected at a meeting last night at McKinley High School. First and T streets N.E. Other officers re-elected are B. F McAllister, first vice president; Mrs. Ada M. Payne, second vice president, and James A. Crooks, secretary treasurer. Those re-elected to the Executive Committee are J. J. Cavanaugh, William R. Sheehan, Mrs. F. C. Ehling, F. R. Steffens, F. L. Bach and B. F. Frizzell. Mr. Crooks and Baxter Smith will again represent the group as delegates to the Fed eration of Citizens’ Associations. i Mr. Hardie announced that plans are under way to establish a Police Boys’ Club at Randolph place and Lincoln road N.E. The association voted $10 to the | Community War Fund after a brief address by W. J. Stearns of the War Fund Speakers’ Bureau. Fire Wardens Patrol Woods FRONT ROYAL, Va„ Oct. 26 uPi. —Fire wardens are continuing to patrol the area in the Blue Ridge Mountains of Warren County, where fire burned over 150 acres of forest land near Hqwellsville. It is be lieved that the fire was of incendiary origin, beginning in an abandoned shed. HAIR DEFENSE STRATEGY SUvds with THOMAS "VDl R battle for healthy looking hair will meet with greater success if you plan your strategy the Thomas way. The Thomas’ method of attack—proved by 20 years of success—first removes loose dandruff scales from your scalp, and then gives comforting relief to the itch which dandruff may cause. Subsequent modern hygienic measures result in bringing a clean, healthy feeling to your scalp and new sheen to your hair. Each day more than 1600 other persons are attacking their hair problems by the reliable Thomas technique. Why don t you, too, come in and find out more about this proved method of hair treatment? See for yourself how it removes dandruff scales, and how it gives your scalp a new* feeling of health. Come in today for free consulta tion and advice—in private. SUITE 1050-52 WASHINGTON BUILDING (Corner N. Y. Ave. and 15th St. N.W.) * (Separate Department for Men and Women) HOURS—0:30 A.M. to 7:30 P.M. SAT.—9:30 A.frf. tft 4 PJML <THE opinions of the writers on this page are their own, not x necessarily The Star’s Such opinions are presented in The Star's effort to give all sides of questions of interest to its readers, although such opinions may be contradictory among themselves and directly opposed to The Star’s. I'd Rather Be Right— By SAMUEL GRAFTON. The world police force idea has in it a certain contemptuous atti tude toward the rest of the world; the conception that the planet is a kind of disor derly house, whose problems can be treated with the end of a nightstick. That is not a foreign policy. To tell people to behave and be quiet is not a foreign policy. To take this sweating, bleed in g, hungry world and to try Samuel Grafton, to answer its questions by proposing a device for spanking it the next time it makes a disturbance is a top-lofty and remote approach. It is the sort of thought that could come only to a comfortable man, seated by a good fire, with a fine: glass beside him. The same top-loftiness shows up on the isolationist side, harried by jits fears lest the United States tin- j dertake to set up a "world-wide j WPA." A contemptuous attitude toward the world is revealed here again; the rest of the planet is considered to be almost without re sources and wholly without pride. Whereas world police force ad herents think of it as a world of outlaws, isolationists think of it as a world of beggars. Both approaches are exquisitely self-centered; neither questions for a moment that the United States is the world center of order, morality and peace; and also food, goods, weapons. We do have a tendency7 i to view ourselves as a kind of con-j tinental temple of justice, with a huge mail order house wing added. But, come, we are not so big. Even at this moment, when our food! exports were never higher, only 10 1 per cent of the food floating on the seaways of the world is American.' The remaining 90 per cent comes: from those very countries which,, we fear, are inhabited by beggars! ! who cannot do for themselves and j jwho will be grateful for a fish cake.! one Year or Two? We have to realize that we are just another country, not a spe cially immune or privileged or exempt country. The price we are paying, right now, for having dreamed about ourselves for 20 years as a special country, dwelling in a special place, equipped with special immunities, is the lives of the men we are losing, the tearing apart of 10.000 000 families, and the $250,000,000,000 we are spending on the war. We shall begin to have a foreign policy only when we realize, down in our bellies, that we are just one of the countries of the world—a big one. a fine one, but not a spectacu- I larly different one. Then we can begin to trade, and trade hard, for place and rights among the other countries, and a chance to live. Then the questions which our foreign policy can resolve will be come sharp and definite: Shall w-e need military conscription after the war? Shall it be one year of con scription for our youth, or two years, or three years? Shall we be forced to spend $20,000,000,000 a year on Army and Navy, or can we get away with $10,000,000,000, or perhaps only $3,567,957,000? These are the questions which are involved in the matter of our foreign policy and not misty considerations as to whether we ought, or ought not, on ideal grounds, to help estab lish a world umpire, or whether we ought, or ought not, to feed all mankind. We're in Business Now. We have to think specifically, in terms of concrete cases. The right kind of American relationship with a strong China might save us $2,000,000,000 a year in mairttaining our security in the Pacific. The right kind of alliances with Britain and Russia might give us a one year conscription period after the war, or no conscription at all, in stead of two years of it for every young American. We have to go into foreign policy as into a busi ness; it is a business, and we are in it. The isolationist view that the rest of the world is in a conspiracy to steal our food evades the whole problem. Curiously enough, the world police force idea also evades the problpm; it merely proposes an economical way of suppressing mis understandings at wholesale, instead of solving them, one by one, coun try by country. It is going to take 20 years of hard work, plus a blessed sense of our ordinariness, to give us a foreign policy. No gadget, loftily offered to all minkind, no burning convic tion that we are special, will keep us safe. Citizens' Group Backs Restrictions on Dogs The Midcity Citizens’ Association last night Indorsed the Commission ers' regulations governing the re strictions on dogs, due to the rabies! outbreak, and elected A. J. Driscoll to his 27th term as president of the organization. Opposition to a plan to change the names of Fifteenth and Seven teenth streets N.W. was voiced in a resolution by Nathan Lubar and accepted by the association. Mr. Lubar said firms with offices on these streets would suffer financial loss in having to alter letterheads and advertisements. A motion by George W. Bowman asking the establishment of traffic lights at Twelfth and M streets N.W. was approved. Other officers re-elected are Miss E. L. Grosvenor, *ice president; M. E. Salsbury, secretary, and John L. C. Sullivan, financial secretary and treasurer. George A. Warren and Robert W. Eaves were elected delegates to the Federation of Citi-j zens’ Associations. The association went on record thanking Dr. Frank Ballou, who recently retired as superintendent of the public schools, for his service j while in office. A motion picture showing the work; of the WAC was presented. Re-' freshments were served after the meeting which was at the Thomson School. Mr. Driscoll presided. The best war to root for victory is to dig deep into that pocketbook or purse and buy War savings stamps. This Changing World— By CONSTANTINE BROWN. Reports from India that an average of 1,000 person* are dying daily from starvation are causing great concern in Wash ington. Leaving aside human itarian con side rations, the adminis tration is ex tremely i n terested be cause the famine offers a perfect pro paganda argument to the Japanese against the ConiUntin* Brown. British and Americans in the Far East. The amiable and sincere efforts of the United States Govern ment to bring about a settlement of the Indian problem have not succeeded. We were told that it was a matter concerning the British exclusively and we had to let it go at that. British explanations as to why the situation could not be reme died at the present had to be accepted at face value: they ap peared to be logical and, further more, there was nothing we could do after having been told, po litely and firmly, to keep out of the empire's business. me mission oi Amoassador William Phillips to India was a complete failure. The most suave of the American diplo mats was treated with all the consideration due a person of his rank. He was dined and wined and saw some of the Indian leaders—though not Mohandas Gandhi—but returned to Wash ington empty handed. Famine Alters Situation. The administration decided to let matters rest until after the war, when the British are ex pected to reach an agreement with the various factions in India. But the famine now sweeping Bengal has placed an entirely different light on the problem, which is beginning to involve all members of the United Nations. The British, who are the trus tees of India, have allowed— through no fault of their own—a condition which has brought about a famine in one of the most important provinces of the empire. That province, unfortu nately, happens to border on Burma, where the Japanese are in control. The Tokio government gave a “paper" independence to Burma several weeks ago. We know that the gesture does not mean the independence of those people any more than the newly granted independence of the Philip pines means freedom for the Filipinos. The people of the Far East, however, are likely to be Im pressed when they see one of their own citizens—although he is a Japanese stooge—in control of their affairs. To top this comes the report of the deaths in India which the British censorship could no longer stifle, it appears, and that Brit ain, in spite of lease-lend ar rangements with the United St^Jes whereby it can draw food from this country and send it to any part of the Empire, is doing nothing to alleviate the sufferings of the Indian people. Unaware of Problems. We know what difficulties Brit ain must encounter to transport food from this country to India, but what we know is not nec essarily known to the people of the Far East, and the fact that thousands are dying, al though they are protected by the wealthy British Empire, is one of the best propaganda weapons Japan could have hoped for. The Quebec agreements provid ed for an early campaign against Burma. This campaign should begin in the next few weeks. The commander in chief of the Allied forces, Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten, and his British American staff have arrived at New Delhi, where they are mak ing preparations for the forth coming operations. Tire campaign may include a large-scale invasion or only major commando raids. It all depends on what naval and air support the cousin of the King of Eng land has been given by London. In any event, in his operations he must depend on the good will of the people of the territory he intends to invade. The Burmese have never been very' fond of the British. But it was hoped that the presence of the Americans and a good deal of intelligent propaganda on our part might gain the support of at least a portion of the popula tion of the formerly British-con trolled territory. The news of the starvation in India has made a deep impres sion not only on the Burmese, but also on the Chinese and the peo ple in the other territories where the western powers formerly were in control. The Japanese point out that under their administration no such things are happening. The conclusion the Tokio propagan dists are drawing is that the Asiatics had better stick to each other because the selfishness of the westerners is now too evident. On the eve of the Allied offensive in Burma the famine in Bengal may be the equivalent of sev eral divisions. U.S. Judge in Hawaii Sticks By Decision to Fine General Bt the Associated Press. HONOLULU, Oct. 26—Federal! Judge Delbert E. Metzger made of-1 ficial yesterday his announced de- j cision to hold Lt. Gen. Robert C Richardson, commander of the Ha waiian Department of the United States Army, In contempt of court, and to fine him $100. He signed an order to that effect,' thus adding another chapter to Ha-, wail's wartime habeas corpus dis pute. Edward J. Ennis, special assistant to the United States Attorney Gen eral. said no decision has been reaohed on whether an appeal will be made, BUICK-»-« BRAKES RELINED 04 j qe CLIFT'S^. 514,8S Linings Guaranteed to,000 Miles. Duplicate D. C. Testing Machine 2002 K St. N.VV. ME. 6232 “Soldiers come first these days, Dad!” “Yes Mary, we certainly can afford to wait a few minutes for our train. The Seaboard gives troop trains and war supplies the right of way. And good reason, too. >> “That's all right with us. We can wait - soldiers can't.** SEABOARD ai McLemore— Seeks Laundry ~ And Finds It By PVT. HENRY McLEMORE. CAMP BLANDING. Fla—Mama didn’t have any objections to raising me to be a soldier, but I don't know how she is going to feel when she finds out that she has also raised me to be a hand laundry. It is certain to complicate her window decora tions. She has a star hangihg up for me being a soldier, but what will she put out to show that I am also doing wet wash, p»t. McLemore. rough dry afcd flat work? I guess she’ll have to place a bottle of bluing on the window sill or a box of soap flakes, or put a fringe of clothespins on the curtains. I became a hand laundry yester J day afternoon. It was all very i sudden. Lots of things are very | sudden in the Army. The Army doesn’t prepare its soldiers for shocks by announcing in advance | that there is a surprise in store for them, and that there will be a prize | for the fellow who can first guess what it is. Uh-uh! Tire Army just pulls its little surprises out of thin air like a magician does rabbits, only the Army's surprises aren:t nearly so soft and cute and sweet as bunny rabbits. In fact, they more nearly resemble saber-toothed wart hogs with a mad on. j Wanted, Laundry Number. 1 Take me—and all of the others la my company—becoming a hand laundry. After six or seven days in the Army I had accumulated quite a bit of dirty clothes. My fatigue suit was rapidly becoming a suit of armor and my khakis stood at at tention whether I was in them or not. So I bundled them neatly and when the sergeant happened to ; pass my hut I asked him what nuia ' ber I should call to have the laiti | ary come by and pick up my bundle. "You don't call any number,’’ the j sergeant said. "The laundry is right | here in Company C.” "That's swell,” I said. “I guess I'll just leave it here on the steps and they'll come by and pick it up. I’ll just put a note in the bundle not to put any starch in the col lars." “Yes. be sure to do that.” the sergeant said, leering beautifully. I "And be sure to tell them to iron | your lace very carefully and to be j careful not to scorch your mono • grams.” Then he shifted from hi3 ! low-gear leer to his four-speeds ;forward leer and continued: ‘‘You’ll j do your own laundry, soldier. You'll 1 do it right down there in the la trine, under the showers. And 1 you’ll hang it up to dry and take i it down and take care of the press ung, and be sure it's clean, soldier.” I left the sergeant before he ' could detail me to do all the laundry in Camp Bianding and sought the advice of a veteran dogface—a man who has been through the Army mill for almost two weeks, and can scarcely remember when he was a member of society and used a nap kin at the table. He explained if all to me. At a reception center soldiers must do their own laundry. A man may be shipped to his per manent assignment at any moment, iand the Army doesn't want a man to miss a train because he is wait j ing for his shorts to come back from j the laundry. So the Army makes it very simple for a man to turn hirft j self into a hand laundry. It lends jthe soldier a nice tin bucket, a scrub brush that needs only legs to double for a porcupine, and a cake of GI soap that is not only guaran teed to remove any and all dirt, but the fingers, wrists and elbows of the user as well. Like the Ganges. To become a laundry, a soldier strips, gets in the shower room, puts his clothes on the duck board walks, turns on the showers, and gets to work with the brush and soap. Some men soak their clothes in the bucket for an hour or so, but the Army frowns on this because it makes for less scrubbing. A shower room ; with 20 or 30 GIs at work makes an entrancing sight and is remind ful of the Ganges River with In dian devouts doing whatever they | do in the Ganges. The room is filled with steam. The floor is so slick with soap that one false step and a man is likely to skid across the room and find himself being scrubbed by a brush that would remove the figures on the Stone Mountain Memorial. It takes about two hours to do an average wash. By the time a man finishes he if so shrunk from exposure to water that it takes hun two or three days to regain his nor mal size. By the time the clothes are dry, and ready to be worn in all their spotless beauty, the Army has thought up a detail for the soldier that guarantees that his immaculate raiment will look like a pirate’s Jolly Roger by nightfall. You know, to believe all I write would be to believe that I am find ing the Army tough. And actually it's a breeze. Well, maybe breeze isn’t quite as proper a word as hurricane. (Distributed by MeNauiht Syndicate. Ine.) RADIO REPAIRS PROMPT 1 HOME SERVICE A few ttanJard make com bination* available. Call NA. 3721 NATIONAL ELECTRIC CO. 808 11 Hi St N.W.