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Continued cool tonight. A few light showers today. Temperatures today—Highest, 55, at 1:30 p.m.; lowest, 44, at 3:10 a m. Yes terday—Highest, 50, at 1 p.m.; lowest, 34, at 3:10 a m. Full report on A-13. Lote New York Market*, Page A-19. I t Guide for Readers rage. Amusements B-20 Comics_B-26-27 Editorials.A-10 Edit’l Articles -A-ll Finance _A-18-19 Lost and Found .A-3 rage. Obituary.A-12 Radio -.B-27 Society_B-S Sports .A-16-17 Where to Go -B-9 Woman’s Page B-22 An Associoted Press Newspaper 91st YEAH. No. 36,337. WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1943—FORTY-EIGHT PAGES. *** - -1-—... ... Washington rrtr'DTr'TT' riTT,\rrTQ Elsewhere and Suburbs -CLxlJliJli FIVE CENTS Withdrawal in Dnieper Bend Admitted Gloomily by Nazis; Allies Continue Gains in Italy Fall of Krivoi Rog, Key Defense City, Believed Near Br the Associated Prem. LONDON, Oct. 27.—With Soviet troops storming the outskirts of Krivoi Rog, the German com mand today took the gloomiest tone toward the Russian front since Stalingrad in an apparent effort to stiffen the public and army alike for an impending military catastrophe. "A large German withdrawal movement'’ in the Dnieper bend was announced by the Berlin radio and by their own accounts the Nazis were being pounded back from the Melitopol area all the way up to the region west of Smolensk. A great and fateful tank battle was thundering from Krivoi Rog. important iron and steel center, northward to Kremencnug as the Germans attempted to retard the advance of the Reds. But even this big counterattack could do no more than score a few isolated defensive successes at fearful cost. Reds Broadening Salient. This was taken to indicate that the Soviets were broadening the base of their triangular salient driving down on Krivoi Rog, and the fall of the city, key to the whole German defense in the Dnieper bend, was imminent. Spearheads of one Soviet force— the northern arm of a great pincers designed to entrap those enemy units still inside the Dnieper River bend—already have captured Kar novatka. main rail center for the Krivoi Rog area on the north bank of the Saksahanl River, a Russian communique said. Although the Nazis threw fresh tank forces, some of them trans ferred from Italy, into the defense cf the strategic stronghold, Soviet armor drove them back and left 2,000 German dead on the battle field, the bulletin declared. Columns Near Crimea. The southern arm of the pincers, operating out of Melitopol, was said to have captured Veseloye. 24 miles to the northwest, after "particularly fierce fighting,” and was believed surging ahead to close the gap which would seal the fate of the Germans trapped in the loop of the Dnieper between Melitopol and Dnepropetrovsk. Other Soviet columns were fan ning out of Melitopol into the steppes above the Crimea. The Mos cow war bulletin said they captured nearly 100 towns yesterday in ad vances of 4 to 12 miles, which cost the Nazis more than 3.000 killed. Southwest of Dnepropetrovsk, gains of 9 miles or more were re corded by Red Army columns which drove the demoralized Germans back farther west toward the rap idly closing jaws of the overlapping pincer armies. Forty-three towns were liberated, including the district renter of Solenoye. A fourth Russian Army group was blasting its way toward the Znam enka-Nikolayev north-south rail way. a possible escape route for the Dnieper bend Nazis, and the Mos cow bulletin said this force was within 15 miles of severing the line yesterday. Red Army air squadrons ranged ! up and down the front from Krem-! enchug to Melitopol and far to the | west, blasting concentrations of fleeing Germans. They wrecked! three railroad trains and smashed more than 170 trucks and carts loaded with war gear racing for the Bug River defense wall, between 150 and 75 miles to the west, Moscow said. The Russian communique report ed only minor reconnaissance and artillery action on sectors of the j front in the far north, but Berlin said the Red Army had launched an attack west of krichev in White Russia. Hard fighting was reported from j Gomel northward to Orsha, where the Germans are still holding posi- j tions on the east side of the Dnieper. I Loss of Submarine Announced by Navy Craft Presumably Was Operating in Pacific By the Associated Press. The submarine Runner has been: lost, the Navy announced today. The submarine presumably was! operating in the Pacific area where I submersibles have been talcing a heavy toll of Japanese shipping and 1 cutting Into enemy supply lines to their scattered bases. Next of kin of all personnel on the Runner, listed officially as "overdue and presumed to be lost,” have been notified, the Navy said. Loss of the Runner, a 1.525-ton ship, brought to 14 the number of submarines lost since the war j started. The Runner was under command: of Lieut. Comdr. Joseph H. Bour- j land, 33. listed as missing in action.; His wife is Mrs. Gertrude P. Bour land of New York City. A submarine of the size of the Runner, which was built at the Portsmouth <N. H.> Navy Yard, car ries a crew of approximately 65 men. Roosevelt Is Well Enough To Make Appointments President Roosevelt had nearly recovered from grippe today and for the first time since last Thurs day made formal appointments. He remained in his quarters at the White House instead of going to the executive offices, however. Engagements today were with a group of business leaders at noon and with Acting Secretary of State Ifcjw&rd R. Btettinius, jr„ for lunch. Germans Launch Major Drive on Tito's Forces Fighting Is Reported Heavy in Northwest Area of Yugoslavia | Ly the Associated Press. LONDON, Oct. 27.—Strong Ger man forces have launched a major offensive to reconquer thousands of square miles in the Yugoslav province of Slovenia liberated by the Partisan forces of Gen. Josip (Tito) Broz, a com munique of the Yugoslav Lib eration Army reported today. The communique, broadcast bv the free Yugoslav radio, described the fighting for this rich northwest ern area of Yugoslavia as "heavy,” with the Germans making intensi fied^ efTorts^to drive the peasant Pa <See BALKANS^Page-A-6?) Bombers Knock Out Three Jap Airfields Defending Rabaul Kahili and Kara on Bougainville and Ballale In Shortlands Useless By the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN THE SOUTHWEST PACIFIC, Oct. 27.—Three vital airfields on which Japan had depended to block the American march up the Solomons to Rabaul have been bombed into uselessness and enemy planes have aban doned them. Whether the Japanese ever will try to restore them remains to be determined, but headquarters dis closed today that for the time being United States bombs have knocked out the big enemy airdrome of Kahili and the Kara strip, both on Southern Bougainville, and the Ballale fighter strip in the Short lands immediately south. Methodically last Saturday a mighty force of 230 American bomb ers and fighters tore up Kahili and Kara with 130 tons of bombs with out so much as seeing an enemy plane in the sky. Kahili has been the cote of Jap anese air resistance in the Solomons since the big American push, which now has driven the enemy from all except the Northern Solomons, opened June 30. 400 Jap Plane* Destroyed. Since that hate, Gen. Douglas MacArthur's communiques have listed almost daily raids against Southern Bougainville's air defenses during which more than 400 Jap anese planes are known to have been destroyed, the bulk of them at Kahili. The exact total must in evitably be much higher because many uncounted planes were blown up parked on the runways or in revetments. Last Thursday, during an Ameri can fighter sweep. 20 Japanese planes made their last real effort at interception over Kahili. Friday, while scores of raiders wrecked Kahili with 172 tons of bombs and wiped out 20 planes on the ground, a Japanese formation of 20 was in the air, but made no effort to inter fere. The knockout punch was delivered Saturday by four raiding parties of fighter-escorted Liberator heavy bombers, Avenger torpedo bombers ana Dauntless dive bombers. Great holes were torn in already unusable runways and the revetment and sup ply areas were blackened by great fires. Moderate antiaircraft fire con stituted the opposition. Ballale Field Abandoned. Since then, the Japanese have not attempted to use the fields. Ballale. also abandoned, never had lived up to Japanese hopes of effectively throwing an air blockade of fighters across the route of American raid ing parties before they could reach Bougainville. Such a stripping of air power poses new problems for the Japanese armies on Bougainville, which last semiofficial estimates have placed at 40,000. Bougainville must be held by the Japanese or the front-door ap proach to the Rabaul, New Britain, stronghold will be laid open. 2 More Towns Taken In Advance Ranging From 3 to 6 Miles By the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Algiers, Oct. 27.—Allied troops advancing three to six miles have taken two more towns be low the Trigno River in Italy, but fighting generally subsided as the last of the German rear guards were pulled back into the massive new mountain line guarding Rome, official reports disclosed today. Air warfare intensified with at tacks on Greek airfields and ham mering of enemy supplies and trans ports in Italy. The Nazis are withdrawing to the left bank of the Trigno near the Adriatic coast, headquarters said, and British 8th Army units inland on this flank have taken Civita, Campomarano and Aequaviva Col lecroce, both about 7 miles below the Trigno. High Ground Occupied. American troops to the west occu pied high ground facing Massico Ridge, an anchor of the new Ger man line. They established them selves on "Mad Dog Hill" near Raviscanina. and on another ridge near Francolise. The only heavy fighting yesterday was in the 8th Army advance to the two towns. Canadian troops were in the thick of the fighting and acquitted themselves well, front reports said. The German emphasis on their defenses in the center of the front undoubtedly was based on the reali zation that the road running north westward from Vlnchiaturo to Iser nia was of vital importance in hold ing their new mountain line. Threat to Venafro. An Allied advance along this road, w'hich runs through the main north south valley of the Italian peninsula, would threaten Venafro, a key point in the new line. Withdrawal of Nazi rear guards into the mountain defenses might be likened to the pulling up of ladders by a medieval army as it gathered behind the walls of its fortress to defy an enemy threatening to batter them down. Taking up of a new mountain line does not necessarily mean the Ger man plan is simply to try to hold it. It is quite likely they will try to raise the siege of fortress Europe by a terrific counteroffensive. Nazis' Need for Victory. In the opinion of some Allied lead ers, there are many reasons why the Nazis may gamble on such a move. One is Hitler s desperate need for a victory to boost home morale, and another is Field Marshal Erwin Rommel's need for a triumph to re establish his earlier reputation as one of the best generals this war has produced. With no prospect of major vic tories on the sea or in the air. and with winter coming to the Russian front. Italy offers virtually the only opportunity for the Germans to de liver a smashing blow at the Allies. American Mitchell medium bomb ers penetrated across the Balkans again yesterday to bomb Salonika's Sedes and Magalo Mikra airfields; just outside Greece's second largest city. They were escorted by P-38 Lightnings, but no enemy fighters were met. Pilots reported excellent coverage for both fields by bombs. Crete Airfield Bombed. This blow, the second delivered against the Salonika bases, followed j attacks on Heraklion airfield at Crete Monday night by RAF bomb- j ers. Heavy bombers of the Northwest African Air force were idle yester day, but Allied fighter-bombers and light bombers stepped up the pace of their attacks against enemy com munications behind the lines In Italy, and the Germans attempted to retaliate by sending a few Focke wulf 190s raiding over 8th Army po sitions at the north end of the battle line. The Allied planes hammered rail- j way targets, motor transport, road i See ITALY, Page A-3.) Plasma Needed Plasma is needed overseas. Your blood may save a life. Telephone Red Cross Donor Center, District 3300, for an appointment. Admiral Tells How Pilot Gave Life to Lure Japs From Carrier NATION PAYS TRIBUTE to Navy’s expldits in Navy Day exercises. Page B-l Ey the Associated Press. A young Navy pilot—his gasoline tanks nearly empty—flew into the darkness to lure away Japanese pilots and save the aircraft carrier Lexington from attack early in the war. The sacrifice of Lt. fj. g.) Paul Baker of San Diego. Calif., now listed as missing, was told today by Admiral C. H. Woodward in a Navy Day address at the monument of John Paul Jones here. ’’On the eve of the Coral Sea en gagement,” Admiral Woodward said, ‘an American task force, of which the Lexington was part, caught up with the tail end of the main Jap anese invasion force near Tulagi and accounted for three enemy carriers. In the savage air fighting that day Lt. Baker had brought down five Jap aircraft. Toward nightfall he was hovering over the Lexington awaiting the signal to land, with only a few gallons of gasoline left in his tank. 1 “Suddenly 10 Japanese planes, ap proached overhead. The light was poor for shooting and it was feared that the enemy, rendered desperate by the loss of their own carriers, might make a suicide attack upon the Lexington and inflict serious damage by crashing their planes. Lt. Baker was ordered via radio to turn off his landing lights and un der no .conditions to attempt a land ing. “He sized up the situation in stantly. During the radio exchange the Japs had located his position and were closing in. Without hesi tation he turned his plane away from the carrier and headed for the open sea, luring the Japs after him. The men aboard the Lexington saw his plane disappear into the night, deliberately facing certain death at the hands of the enemy or the oceen to make certain that his carrier was safe.” Lt. Baker, incidentally, said Ad miral Woodward, flew the plane which Lt. Comdr. Edward H. (Butch) O’Hare had piloted earlier, shooting down five Japanese bomb ers and driving off four others which attacked his earrier. President Asks Billion to School War's Veterans Congress Is Told Men Must Be Prepared For Postwar Jobs A billion-dollar educational program for discharged service men and women was recom mended to Congress today by President Roosevelt, who said that "lack of money should not prevent any veteran of this war from equipping himself for the most useful employment for which his aptitude and willing ness qualify him.” Mr. Roosevelt, in a message, said he believed the Nation was "morally obligated” to provide training and education and necessary financial assistance to service personnel, that it was an obligation which should be recognized now, and that "legisla tion to that end should be enacted as soon as possible.” "We must replenish our supply of persons qualified to discharge the heavy responsibilities of the post war world." Mr. Roosevelt said. "We have taught our youth how to wage war; we must also teach them how to live useful and happy lives in fr»edom, justice and decency.” Two Main Proposals. Based on the preliminary report of a special committee on educa tional rehabilitation headed by Brig. Gen. Frederick H. Osborn, the Pres ident set forth these two principal proposals: 1. "The Federal Government should make it financially feasible for every man and woman who has served honorably for a minimum period tsix months i in the armed forces since September 16. 1940 'ef fective date of selective service' to spend a period up to one calendar year in a school, a college, a tech nical institution, or in actual train ing in industry so that he can fur ther his education, learn a trade or acquire the necessary knowledge and skill for farming, commerce, manu facturing or other pursuits." "2. In addition, the Federal Gov ernment should make it financially possible for a limited number of ex servicemen and women, selected for their special aptitudes, to carry on their general, technical or profes sional education for a further pe riod of one. two or three years.” runas Arr. for Maintenance. The President added that ’this assistance from Government should include not only cost of instruction but a certain amount of money for his ithe beneficiary's) maintenance. "The money invested in this train ing and schooling program will reap rich dividends in higher produc tivity, more intelligent leadership and greater human happiness." The message is the second dealing with veteran rehabilitation that the President has sent to the Hill in the last three months. The earlier mes sage incorporated a study by a spe cial committe which recommended certain severance pay and other al lowances for veterans. The education-study committee was appointed by Mr. Roosevelt last. November when he signed the bill authorizing the drafting of 18 and 19 year old youths. May Benefit One Million. It was estimated that the total cost of maintaining an individual in an educational institution for one year would be approximately $900 as compared with $1,500, exclusive’ of ordnance and overhead, required to maintain an enlisted man on active duty for a year. On the basis of an armed force of 12,000.000. the committee figured that a minimum of 1,000.000 persons might be expected to be interested in resuming courses interrupted by the war or in undertaking new studies. In his message the President ex plained that while the Government should provide the money and see that it is spent wisely "the control of the educational processes and the certification of trainees and students should reside in the States and lo calities.” Want State Co-operation. The committee suggested that the President call on the Governor of each State to set up an agency that would assist individual institutions to develop programs which best would meet the needs of the ex service personnel and in other ways seek to foster the program. The committee said it believed that the administration of the first year program can and should be kepi simple. While the States, it explained, should be responsible for certifying those to get the training, the only requirement need be that each person designated shall have had the six months’ service and shall have been admitted to an ap proved educational institution. "Choosing the individuals to re ceive financial help from the Federal Government beyond one year will necessarily be more complicated,” the committee said. "This will involve the establish ment of national quotas, the assign ment erf subquotas to the States on an equitable basis and the selection by the several States of individuals who have demonstrated their ability and whose further education gives promise of contributing to the elim ination of the educational gap caused by the war.” Early Survey Urged. In this same connection, the com mittee said the Federal Government should undertake to gather informa tion as to the desires of service peo ple for further education, and it ex pressed the opinion that those with “clearcut and feasible plans to get ahead with their education after discharge should be given as much preference as possible in securing this discharge.” Correspondingly, it was added, ar rangements would have to be made for the early discharge of instruc tors. The President said in his message that “while there may be differences as to some of the details (of the proposal* I am confident that the (See EDUCATION, Page A-4.) t/l CAN THINK ( OF NO ONE WHO DESERVES THE / NAVY'S £■ /W EXCELLENCE MORE Navy Day, 1943 Detective Changes Testimony About De Marigny Fingerprint Pinned Down by Judge, Who Also Brings Out Murder Weapon Was Never Found By ihc Associated Press. NASSAU. Bahamas. Oct. 27.— As the murder trial of Alfred de Marigny moved toward a climax. Chief Justice Sir Oscar Bedford Daly brought out today that the weapon used to kill Sir Harry Oakes never was found, and an American detective changed part of his testimony about the vital ly-important fingerprint with which the Crown seeks to convict the accused man. Capt. E. W. Melchen of the Miami police concluded his testimony before giving way to the colleague. Capt. James O. Barker, who was sum moned to describe the finding of the fingerprint to the jury. It was to Capt. Barker's testimony that the prosecution looked for an opportunity to tie together all the loose ends of the case against Sir Harry's son-in-law. In his testimony yesterday, Capt. Melchen had said he first learned of the fingerprint long after De Marignv's arrest when Capt. Barker told Lady Eunioe Oakes, the widow, about it the day after Sir Harry's funeral. Sir Oscar pinned him down today, and Capt. Melchen changed his statement to say: "On the 9th of July Barker and (See OAKES, P**eA-4> Insurance Policy Led Police to Solution Of Woman's Murder Confession by Mergner Climaxes One of D. C.'s Fastest-Breaking Cases <Pictures on Page B-l.) An address found on an insur ance policy was the clue that led police to the home of Fred C. Mergner, confessed slayer of Mrs. Charlotte W. Robinson, less than two hours after her body was identified, police revealed today. Mergner, 44-year-old father of five children, is awaiting ar raignment on a first-degree murder charge. The street-corner slaying of the German-born, 30-year-old Recrea tion Services. Inc., employe was one of the fastest breaking cases in Dis trict police history. While police were telling reporters the case against Mergner was closed with his confession and evidence found in his car. Mergner late yes terday appeared before United States Commissioner Needham C. Turnage to deny the crime and to protest that ‘T didn't kill her. I don't even know her.” Commissioner Turnage told the defendant, whose wife is dead, that he was in no condition to be ar raigned as he swayed sobbing before the magistrate. The case was con tinued until 10 a m. next Tuesday, with bail refused. Police said Mergner was drunk when he was brought before the magistrate. Chief of Detectives Robert Bar rett, in commending his entire force, said detective work rather than "hot tips” solved the murder of the 30 year-old woman who was left to die at the corner of Seventh and A streets N.E. with four bullet wounds in her head and one in her hand. Police, it developed, were on their way to make a check of the Mergner home at the moment Inspector Barrett was informed by the slain woman's roommate that Margner had called her constantly all day Sunday in an effort to see her. The check. Inspector Barrett said. (Continued on Page A-5, Column 1.) Three-bay Rain Near 3-Month Summer Total The weather apparently is trying to make up for the summer's drought now that the Victory gardening sea son is over. The rainfall which be gan Sunday and continued inter mittently until last night totaled 3.06 inches, the Weather Bureau re ported today. The total rain for the last half of June and all of July and August put together was only 3.08 inches. The Weather Bureau at Baltimore reported that 4.46 inches had fallen there since Sunday night. Whether there would be more “was a question,” the forecaster here said. The rain started here at 8:10 p.m. Sunday and continued steadily until it eased off in a drizzle at 5 p.m. yes terday. It was a steady rain and no serious damage was reported despite the big total fall. House Tax Chiefs Fear They Acted Too Fast In Voting Increases Some Members to Ask Reconsideration of Boost On Liquor and Postage By the Associated Press. A fear that they had acted hastily In approving higher postal rates and new excises on liquor, beer and wines was voiced by several members of the House Ways and Means Com mittee today. As a move developed to recon sider the action, which would yield only about $1,439,500,000 of the $10. 500.000.000 in new revenues sought by the administration. Representa tive Robertson. Democrat, of Vir ginia told fellow committee mem bers that he would call for a show down on a Federal retail sales tax. ; probably tomorrow. One committee member said pri vately that several members felt that jumping the liquor tax from $6 to $10 a gallon, as proposed by the group, would result in bootleg ging. The raise would approxi mate $600,000,000 annually. Representative Carlson. Republic an, of Kansas, a Ways and Means member, said he would ask the committee to reconsider its vote raising postal rates, especially as ! they affect newspapers. Sees Press Freedom Involved. He interpreted the committee ac tion as doubling publishers' second class rates on newspapers and mag azines and said: "I consider the action ill-advised, especially at a time when people need information through the press and when many newspapers have suffered revenue losses due to less advertising in wartime. I believe the freedom of the press is in volved.” The postage change would not af fect free-in-county mailing of news papers. Representative Disney, Democrat, | of Oklahoma said he would seek re consideration of the vote to raise the airmail rate from 6 to 10 cents an ounce. The postal revision, if approved 'See TAXES.”Page A-6.> Justice Department Employes Hear Plea For War Fund Gifts Wini Shaw to Speak At Rally on USO Work Near War Fronts BULLETIN. Community War Fund con tributions have reached a to tal of $3,122,547—65 per cent of the $4,800,000 goal—it was announced at a report meet ing this afternoon at the United States Chamber of Commerce. (Detailed Report on Pape A-9.) In a drive to speed up contri butions of Justice Department employes to the Community War Fund, Coleman Jennings, cam paign chairman for the drive told an audience of 1.800 depart ment employes that they should make every effort to give every thing they can in the drive. Solicitor General Charles Fahy. who presided at the meeting, told the audience they should donate as much as they can to help service men. community aid projects and foreign relief. He said the Justice Department alone has 4,000 em ployes in the service. Pvt. Henry J. Jubinville, who lost his right hand during action in Tunisia, told the audience that the USO. which is supported partially by the Community War Fund, is doing a wonderful job both here and abroad. He said that American soldiers on world battle fronts are fighting so that the people at home can continue to live as they are now living and that civilians should give everything they can to the war fund. Afternoon Rally. The contribution of the USO tc Army morale was to be discussed again this afternoon at a rally by Win! Shaw, singer known to fight ing men all over the world as the "Sweetheart of USO.” Recently returned from 22 months abroad with USO camp shows. Mis# Shaw planned to tell leaders of 1,900 Washington fund solicitors that to keep USO going, the $4,800,000 drive goal here must be met. So far $2. 961.892—61.7 per cent—has been col lected. While on a tour of American bases in Sicily some months ago, Miss Shaw learned through a chance con versation with a soldier that her brother, William, had been killed in action. Besides USO. United Nations Re lief and War Prisoners’ Aid are in cluded in the drive with the Com munity Chest this year. Latest gains will be reported by the solicitors after Miss Shaw's talk. The rally will be held in the United States Chamber of Commerce. All-Out Drive Starts. Late this afternoon Metropolitan Division workers will "take over the city” without further regard to the "stop cards” that heretofore have barred their solicitation of wealthier contributors assigned to the Ad vance Gifts Division. Office workers still will be solicited mainly by the < See WARTFUND7Pa“ge A-5.) $103,485,392 Postage Value Set on Agencies' Free Mail By J. A. O’LEARY. Figures showing that free penalty mail sent out by Government de partments has increased in postage value from $9,547,505 in 1930 to $103, 485,392 this year were called “star tling” by Senator McKellar, Demo crat, of Tennesse before the Byrd Committee today. The committee was told that franked mail, which is sent out by the legislative branch, as distin guished from penalty mail in Gov ernment departments, amounts to less than $1,000,000 a year. The committee was instructed by Congress recently to consider means of reducing the volume of Govern ment mail, and began its study by calling In Postmaster General Walker. The figures commented on by Senator McKellar were furnished by the Post Office Department to Chairman Burch of the House Post Office Committee. Mr. Walker told Chairman Byrd the figures were estimates and em phasized they represented the past age revenue that would have been collected if the departments paid for their mail, and not the cost of handling it. For 1942, for instance, Mr. Walker said the cost of handling the Government penalty mail was $19,938,000, whereas the postal reve nue would have been $71,924,122. Senator Byrd suggested that if each department had to obtain from Congress an annual allowance for mailing matter, it would provide a method of checking unnecessary mail. The Postmaster General offered | to furnish data the committee needs, I but said he does not believe it is | the province of the Post Office De I (See POSTAGE, Page A-50 Tomorrow Set As Deadline for Miners' Refurn' WLB's Substitute For Illinois Poet Received Coldly By the Associated Pm*. The labor front rattled with controversy today with strike threats booming over two war vital industries—coal and rail roads—as a result of these de velopments: 1 Soft coal miners received with cold reserve the War Labor Board's proposed substitute for an Illinois "model’’ wage agreement. 2. The WLB set tomorrow morn ing as a deadline for resumption of all coal mining and said strikes iit effect then would be certified to the President, presumably as a prelude to a second Government seizure of the mines and the invocation of penalties against the union, under the Antistrike Act. An estimated 45.000 miners now are idle. 3 Fifteen nonoperating rail unions joined the five transporta tion brotherhoods in ordering a strike vote as a protest against Gov ernment rejection of their wage de mands. Acceptance Doubted. John L. Lewis, United Mine Workers president, at home with a heavy cold, declined comment. A union spokesman, however, remark ed that the board “has sinned away its day of grace’’ and expressed doubt the substitute plan would be acceptable. The union offered the Illinois plan as a model for the entire industry. The WLB said it could not approve the Illinois plan which would have increased earnings $1 50 a day for a 40-hour week or less. It said it could approve increased earnings of SI. 12’2 a day. The board's alterna tive proposal would incerase the earnings for a six-dav week more than $9. compared with an $11 in j crease under the agreement as sub ; muted. The earnings for the last two days of the week are higher be cause of the overtime rates after 40 hours. • Approved by 7-5 Vote. These figures apply to the Inside laborer who gets a basic wage of *7 ; now for a 7-hour productive day. j The board pointed out that most ! miners receive more than that and j that average earnings for a 8-day : 'aigek of 51 hours would be about $80. The WLB's counteroffer wag ap proved by a vote of 7 to 5, the four public members and three industry members voting in the majority, i One industry member. Aim on Roth, San Francisco, joined the foor labor members in dissenting. I Setting a deadline for the cessa tion of strikes, the board sent tele grams to Mr. Lewis and other UMW officers saying "the Nation cannot i tolerate such impairment of vital coal production." If strikes do not cease by tomorrow morning, "tha board will immediately refer t.ha matter to the President for appro priate action.’’ Returnable November 25. The strike ballot in the railroad i case was made returnable November 25. The union chiefs made it plain . that whatever the result of the poll, no strike of their 1,100.000 members was to take place until authorized and that all efforts at peaceful set tlement must be exhausted first. They issued a statement reviewing their case, including the 8-cent hourly wage increase recommended by an emergency board in May and the President's request that they ac cept it. Subsequently Stabilization Director Fred M. Vinson set it aside. Mr. Vinson's "arbitrary and ca pricious" action in upsetting ftia recommendation, they reported, was "without previous conferences, in i See* LABOR,-Page A-6 ) Roosevelt to Meet Business Advisers Council's First Meeting Scheduled Today By the Associated Press. President Roosevelt has set up % War Advisory Council of Business men, similar to agriculture and la bor groups which see him period ically on war problems, and its first meeting was scheduled for today. Members of the business council are: F. C. Crawford, president of tha National Association of Manufac turers, New York; K. T. Norris, president of the Norris Stamping Co., Los Angeles; Eric Johnston, president of the United States Chamber of Commerce; Benjamin F. Fairless, president of the United States Steel Corp.; Richard R. Deu pree, president of Procter «te Gam ble, Cincinnati; George H. Mead, president of the Mead Corp., Day ton, Ohio; David SarnofT, presi dent of the Radio Corp. of Amer ica, New York, and Cason Callo way, cotton textile manufacturer, Hamilton, Ga. j Presidential Secretary Stephen ' Early said Mr. Roosevelt had sent out telegrams five days ago invit ing those men to the White House 'witih the idea of improving the participation of business and indus try in the national interest. The | President said he was asking the group to meet with him from time to time “on all matters concerning the participation of business and industry in the war.” Capt. Clark Gable Here For Work on Air Films By the Associated Press. Capt. Clark Gable, former mo tion picture star who has been on duty with the 8th Air Force in Great Britain, has arrived here. It was understood that Capt. Gable returned to edit and complete train ing films on aerial gunnery for Army use.