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Haunted Houses of Washington By John Clagett Proctor. There are certain events occurring in erne's life that even time will not erase, regardless of how old and infirm lie may become, and especially is this true of the beautiful part of his early days, when life was young and all the world was a stage and every one was his own comedian. Of the writer's early days the special events he recalls most are Christmas, Independence Day, the picnics, excur sions, the old swimming holes along Rock Creek, the big bonfires at night, when the national election returns were coming in and Halloween. At this time, however, 60 and more years ago, the city of Washington was comparatively small to what it is now-, with a population then of about 150,000 persons. Indeed, there was then much vacant ground in all parts of Washing ton and the little frame, box-shaped, one-story dwelling was considerably in evidence throughout the city. A few of these may still be seen, inspiring fond memories of the past. There was then plenty of open space for fireworks on Independence Day, lots of room for bonfires and the kids had acres of fields upon which to play, where now are blocks of houses and where they could perform all kinds of diabolical and fiendish tricks, if they wished to, which would not be tolerated or permitted in a big metropolitan city such as Washing ton has since grown to be. It is said by some that Halloween was not celebrated with the same eclat and enthusiasm following the Civil War as it was prior to that time. Maybe this is true, but those who were born .subse quent to that event will never believe it—especially the boys who lived in the sparsely settled parts of the Capital. Halloween Bonfires The Police Department was kept busy protecting people's property. For in the days of bonfires, which surely did not cease until around 1885, such detachable things as front gates were not safe, and anywhere a box, barrel, hogshead or ether portable wood could be found It was added to the boifire. the reflection from which at times looked as though that part of the city was on fire. Many of the small frame houses here, of 50 years ago and earlier, had before the front door a smali stoop of one, two or three steps, as was required to make access to the home easy. In many cases these were not nailed to the house, and when the ‘'foraging'’ or scouting party found one that was portable it was quickly carried away and consigned to the flames, and many a person almost broke his neck the following morning when he stepped out of the door and landed horizontally upon the ground, Instead of perpendicularly upon the ac customed stoop. Many of the things the boys did in those days were really dangerous and had to be stopped. The writer recalls an incident where a rope was tied from one of the old, low fire plugs near the curb to a fence a few feet away, en dangering the life and limb of any one who might pass along the sidewalk lhat wav. A night or so before, the Schneiders— Who then lived in the Garfield HospitaL property—had given a dinner at their home, and the caterer, with a large bas ket of dishes w as the first one that Hal loween night to pass that way. When in the darkness he struck that rope and went down sprawling with his load of chinaware, the rattle of broken dishes could be heard for a block away. Just as sure as "the thief does fear each bush and officer," so did the rapscallions who placed the obstruction there fear the officers under Lt. Johnson, and soon thereafter each one sneaked into his home and to bed, expecting he might be awakened anytime before morning and charged with a criminal offense. Dangerous Stunts But the destroying of private property In this way was not the only method used and. as many will recall, others were equally as despicable. The Star was never keen for this kind ©f so-called sport and the day after the Halloween celebration of 1882, said: "Mischievous Fun.—Last evening. All Halloween, the boys throughout the city had their fun, if mischief can be called so, and crowds of them could be seen In all directions bent on playing some trick on their neighbor. In some cases, not content with throwing vegetables in through a door or window, the fronts of houses were daubed with filth, and even the streetcars were invaded by some youngsters with small packets of flour, which they bursted so to powder the dresses of passengers. About 7 o'clock p.m. a crowd of boys set on Are an old hogshead of straw near North Capitol street and Massachusetts avenue, caus ing an alarm of fire to be turned in and a run of engines. The fire w;as extin guished with a few buckets of water be fore the arrival of the engines, and as the firemen drew off they were followed by a crowd of boys, who jeered them for being taken in.” A few years later The Star even more forcibly expressed itself upon the sub ject editorially, saying: “Halloween, properly employed and enjoyed, is a noteworthy season. The fun of imitating the mysteries of divi nation and noting the antic combina tions they often bring forth is unobjec tionable. There are some sorts of mum meries, however, which are neither sig nificant nor otherwise interesting, which have nothing witty in them, and which contribute only to the annoyance of the community. “Last year, and on other' occasions, this sort of horseplay has resulted in serious accidents, sometimes in actual bloodshed. There is no reason why the lives, limbs and property of reputable take care of the overflow, as It were, November 1 'was designated as a day to be kept in honor of all'the saints and that it should be known as All-Hallow Mass, or All-Saints' Day, and that the night of October 31, immediately pre ceding it, should be kept as a vigil and be known as All-Hallow eve. Poring over the flies of The Star of nearly half a century ago, the writer came across an item that tells what Halloween means and stands for, in ad dition to what has already been said. It follows: "ALL-HALLOWEEN "The Night When Fairies Hold High Carnival and Boys and Girls Dive for Apples. “This evening is All-Hallow eve night, and the people who have doorbells, and the young men whose matrimonial fate is still undetermined, had better be on the outlook, for this is the night of all the year when danger threatens both these interests. All-Halloween or eve is so called because it is the night im mediately preceding All-Hallowmas, or All-Saints’ day, which is the 1st of No vember, and is observed by the Roman Catholic, Protestant Episcopal and Lutheran churches as a festival in honor of all the saints. “It was said that in the older time all the spirits, both of the visible and in visible world, in this evening walked the earth. All devils and witches are be lieved to be abroad and the faries are said to hold high carnival. It is for this A ghost-infested house which stood on the site of the House Office Building and was once occupied by the Bank of Wash ington. citizens should be placed at the mercy of the hoodlum element for one night In the year any more than for the re maining 364. •’In the days when Washington was only an overgrown village many things of this sort were overlooked. But we have now a populous and handsome city which carries upon her shoulders a certain special dignity as Capital of a great Republic. Tire police regulations which prohibit dangerous mischief of all sorts in the streets should be strictly enfolded, with no exception in favor of Hallojyeen.” All Hallow’s Eve Just when Halloween first came Into existence the writer does not know, but the reasons for its establishment are easily obtainable; for we are told that from the beginning of the Christian era, and even before, the practice of desig nating and worshiping saints has been a religious custom. Most naturally, in this respect, special days were assigned to the worship of each saint, and as 1 years and centuries passed by it was found that there were more saints than 1 there were days in the year, and so to reason that youth and maidens en deavor to peer into the future and ob tain some forecast of their matrimonial prospects. Nuts, apples and cakes are used in these mystic ceremonies and a great deal of fun and amusement is de rived from the signs and omens ob tained. The boys, as soon as darkness sets in, begin their celebration, and by mysterious noises on the windowpanes, the ringing of doorbells and the running away before they can be answered, they have a good deal of fun. whatever en joyment their victims may be able to extract from this form of observing the vigil.” Salem Witches Indeed, spirits and devils and witches and sorcery existed in the minds of the people as far back as history and tradi tion go. In the Second Book of Moses we find it said: “Thou shall not suffer a witch to live.” Shakespeare, we will re call. has Hamlet talking to his father's ghost, and It is the exception to find an early w’riter who did not place confi dence in the supernatural. Upon one occasion, in our own coun try, as recent as 1692, up in Salem Those Were the Happy Days! -—By Dick Mansfield ■ WONDER.^ f?Ej<SETi-|NGeROf! /OU THEARUNOroiKJ ' ON D*!' 7 Or lAKONASPRi^r;^ K ^ Y^pL _ NORTH TAKOMA /> 7 .VS ON W OLD INTER - AUSPICES JVp'W'-rw national cyat Pope mfc> (o-TLi^ TRACK, CONDUIT; SAT.UULY-IHWj^PyA- /^, ROAD WITH | aomi$Iiom *& «5g« m , &S:£ ”*!,, gm* STRA\TON,BALt-, C ARD) L CATCH MF hutchings A* nsvc^ -lA , /' w.thoot A GROWER? AhoRAx*J« lady cyclist ...-. .T~_ Jjpfi xV writes The eoitor: -< , . I CAME HOME FROM A Who n *111—9 - l . ) __ 'LONG RIOE the OTHER ( [FREMeMBEKSlM WON OER ^ W s OAYMY SHOES SOANEO IN „.l /when REX WHATS BE - ^ muo,i filled them <=*"» ismith StonT- ■ comeoftmf with oats anole(ThemocY| \eo on his f cyclist who gradually, i he oats \star SAFE I // ) USF 0 To RE KEPT The shoes IN Shape, Vv Bike V v sort to a ithenRugseothem 7 — ^>v rano/e 1 WITH COD LINER OIL, ilia RArt ® THE SMELL SOON WORElj liu™ rMlf HT v OFF, \ THEN IcTlRfiPO I1 &£wrS65>' THEM WITH A RAW OUT WUH # potato, i am Riding AGAIN ANO MY 5>H0t5 r'LAfA ' ARE MOST C OMFORTABL. W/9M3 oULV- 18 ~ 1896° _ ^mh—M ^N§g$? C®i§55® What po yoo RememAec? ONSWElZTO LAST WEEK^ QUESTION*. HE 0121 EA4T5 WE«EA FAMOUS WHAT ? ewswEC *. OOTGALL,TEAM ANO D.C. CHAMPIONS OFTHE NINETIES, THEY PLAYEP NEAR LINCOLN PARK *_ NEXT WEEK'S I WHOWERETm*. NWO FC?ePS'‘ OF CYCLING The Judge Hold house on , Capitol Hill, said to have har- j bored ghosts. I Mass., 19 of the best people of the town * were executed upon one occasion for | being witches. So if our Washington boys of a former ] day were downright bad, at least they were a colossal improvement over our Salem ancestors, and besides when it is known that one of those who partici pated in the executions mentioned bore the distinctive reputation of being the greatest scholar and author that Amer ica had up to then produced. Indeed, even in the writer's early days he recalls a queer-looking colored man who was reputed to be a conjure doctor, who had the awe and consequent re spect of all the other colored folk who lived in his neighborhood. Haunted Houses There were then, and even later, in many paits of town, houses said to be haunted, the cau.se being due in a large measure to the fact that as soon as a dwelling became vacant the boys of the neighborhood began trying out their beanshooters to see which one could pop out the largest number of window panes, and soon they were all out and then some one started the report that the house was haunted, and it was herd to get a tenant who did not believe in spooks, for in one respect, at least, houses are like people—when they lose their good reputation it Is hard to re cover it. Two of the early houses of note to be dubbed by the superstitious as haunted were those erected by the first President on North Capitol street between Consti tution avenue and C street, and where he and the First Lady expected to make their winter residence. They W'ere not completed at the time of Gen. Wash ingtons death and in later years be The Van Ness mansion, site of the Pan-American Building, believed to have been a haunted house. came boarding houses. Admiral Wilkes once made his home here, and in one of the buildings the novelist, Mrs. South worth, was born. In the same vicinity was once the Old Brick Capitol, at First and A streets N.E., where was confined Belle Boyd, fa mous Confederate spy, and where Capt. Wirz, well known as having been in charge of Andersonville Prison, was hanged in the rear yard. The Supreme Court now occupies the block in which the building stood until a few years ago. Other soldiers besides Capt. Wirz are believed to have been executed in the yard of this old prison. Of course, with all the noted prisoners of state who were confined there and the executions which took place on the premises, the structure Just had to be frequented by nocturnal spirits who amused themselves by running up and down the stairs, rattling the door knobs and by doing other strange things at tributable only to restless, evil spirits. On the New Jersey avenue side of the House Office Building, where many prominent people lived from time to time, nearly all the houses were sus pected of being inhabited by the .spirits of departed residents, and strange tales are told even today of the peculiar antics of the invisible beings. Also in other places in this neighbor hood spooks were said to roam at night, and the writer, some years ago. received a letter from Miss Mvrta L. Mason, who said that when her mother, Mrs. Louise Mason, moved to 43 B street S.E., In 1898, It was not long before the spirits began to assert their prior tenancy. “After being settled,” said Miss Mason, "a neighbor and his daughter called upon us, and the first thing the father said was. ‘Mis. Mason, why did you ever take this house, you know it Is haunted,” and the daughter then said: ‘Why yes, when we children went to school I had to pass this house and we always took hold of hands and ran as fast as we could.’” Nevertheless, the Masons‘would not move, though their experiences were bloodcurdling, but con tinued to reside in the house until 1905. Next to the Masons, at 45 B street, lived Jean M. Lander, well-known actress of another day. She was the widow of Gen F. W. Lander, and the Ben Butler house was nearby. A solution to the ghost* of this neigh borhood may be attributed to sewer rats, for when ground was broken in 1871 for a building to house the Coast and Geo detic Survey an old abandoned sewer was discovered. It ied down to the river and was swarming with rats of unusual size. Otner so-called haunted houses in cluded the Thomas Law house, at Sixth and N streets S.W.: the Snow building at Sixth street and Pennsylvania avenue N.W.. famous for its connection with the Snow riot of 1835 and as being the headquarters for the celebrated Beau Hickman. Ghosts are said to have also visited the Van Ness mansion, present site of the Pan-American Building; the Burnes cottage, Kalorama mansion, the Rodgers house in Lafayette Squa.re and ever so many other buildings and homes. But regardless of witches and noc turnal spirits, Halloween has for many years given the people—especially the younger ones—a great amount of pleas ure attending masquerade dances and parties given by the many organizations of the city around 60 years ago. in cele bration of this particular occasion, and old-timers will undoubtedly recall Louis Bartels, L. Moxley and the De Neales out on Georgia avenue, who were some of the principal costumers who fur nished the funny faces and ridiculous garments, and the gay and attractive ones, too. .which many of us wore to dances given by Louis G. Marini, Flora C. Dennison, later Flora C. Dyer; James G. Gill. Pistorio & Proctor and George T. Sheldon. Indeed, we are not much bothered about the ghosts in those days nor anything else. Senator Russell’s Report on Visit to War Fronts (Continued From Page C-3) defense of France, but may be vital to our own defense. Nothing that I saw in the course of my travels would justify any confidence that the war is nearly over. Indeed. I believe that overoptimism is one of the enemies which the American people must con stantly fight, day and night. The Ger man Army, though extended to the limit. Is still a most formidable military or ganization. Their first-line troops are still the equal of any in skill and fanatical bravery. While in North Africa, we were told of an incident in Sicily involving a com pany of German parachute troops who were posted in an olive grove with orders to delay at any cost the American ad vance for 12 hours. When tire grove was finally stormed and captured, over 200 of the 250 men stationed there were dead, and the remainder, with four or five exceptions, were wounded. One oi the unwounded leaped at his American captor and bit him entirely through the r hand. The Germans are giving ground in Russia and in Italy, but discipline is still strong and their retreats are still orderly. They are falling back to ever stronger defenses and it is always well to bear in mind that up to the time of the armistice in 1918 the German Army was carrying out orders and was still a strong and organized fighting force. Any hope for an early defeat of Ger many must depend upon the collapse of the army due to shortage of fighting equipment, or to a breakdown of civilian morale and revolution within. They are taking a terrific pounding by day and by night from our gallant airmen and the RAF. We will soon be in a position to increase substantially the bombing of Germany from bases in Italy, as well as from England, and the number of Ger man factories destroyed and families driven from their homes will greatly Increase. Turns to Fighter Planes. But all of this is not done without losses to us. The Germans have turned from the production of bombers to fighter planes in the effort to stop the destruction of their homeland from the air. They are devising new methods such as the rocket guns and small parachute bombs dropped from the air in the effort to destroy our air forces. While our military authorities say the price we are paying is not excessive in comparison with the destruction our air forces are causing, we must frankly face the fact that the increasing tempo of bombing likewise brings about increas ingly severe losses of our own in men and equipment. In the Pacific we have only whipped the Japanese in the outposts of their ill gotten empire. The bulk of their army and the major units of their navy have not yet been brought into action. We have a long, hard, bloody job before us, and I fear that, the sacrifices, shocks and losses we must yet endure are much greater than the average American citi zen anticipates. In summation of my observations, I would say: First. American production has justi fied our proudest boasts by turning out tools of war of high quality in huge quantities. The men in the field are satisfied with the weapons issued them. We are making great strides in assemb ling the facilities of transportation necessary to fight a war on every conti nent and every sea of the globe. This stupendous effort constitutes a great drain upon our natural resources. We should pay mole attention to the utili zation of raw materials of other lands,.. lest the end of the war find those re sources virtually untapped and our own exhausted We should be more careful in the distribution of the products of American industry financed by Amer ican taxpayers. Lack Postwar Policy. Second Our lack of a post-war policy and stronger representation abroad in some key positions is likely to cost us dearly in the postwar period. All agen cies having to do with any phase of the war effort abroad should be co-ordi nated Third. We must cons.tanly combat any tendency to underestimate our enemies or to delude ourselves with optimism. The slightest relaxation in tiie national war effort at home will be paid in the blood of American boys fighting over seas. Fourth. The American Army. Navy and Marine Corps are well fed, well equipped, and every reasonable provision has been made for their health, comfort and welfare. No armed force in history has ever been so well supplied. Com mand and staff work have been of the highest caliber. Our leaders have to date accomplished all that the American people could have rerasonably expected of them. Fifth. The general conduct of our troops in action has been good. Their discipline is satisfactory and they are daily becoming more efficient in the gran business of war. Combat experience is forging our Army, Navy and Marine Corps into the toughest and most effi cient fighting machine the world has ever seen. No one who has ever had any contact with troops would contend that every man is a fearless hero, who craves contact with the enemy, but as organizations our men have displayed courage and a willingness to fight and sacrifice which measures up to or sur passes the finest traditions of our armed services. The number of individuals who have performed remarkable feats of heroism, requiring resourcefulness and great personal bravery, is unusually high. The men in uniform have made up their minds to see this thing through to victory, whatever it may take. If our civilian population gives them unstinted support, they will win tl\e total victory over our enemies perhaps sooner than we have any right to expect. Believes Accounts Distorted. Mr. President, what I have said is the record, as complete as I can make it, of my remarks in theeexecutive ses sion of the Senate on October 7. It has not been altered materially in either form or substance. I tried to be factual, and to speak as objectively as possible. We are told that what was said here has caused a great deal of bitterness and resentment in the United King dom. If this be true as to my own case, my high opinion of the British people would cause me to believe that the accounts they received must have been distorted even worse than by our own press. Not a word of my state ment was intended as an attack on Great Britain. If any official of the British Empire, or if the British press or people, be offended, it is regret table, for no offense is intended. But I would not have this statement con strued anywhere as an apology for my position. If offense be found, I must say in all candor that our British Allies have become unduly sensitive If an American citizen and Senator cannot discuss the operations and policies of his own Government, of which I am 1 a part, without raising a storm of furor 1 and reseetment .throughout the United- - Kingdom and the empire. My admiration- for the British people 1 is almost extravagant, but it must be ] remembered that I .think and speak as a citizen and a Senator of the United i States. What I saw was through Amer ican eyes. I observed, weighed, and reported as an American who properly holds the future welfare of these United States above any other consideration. I would regret if any word of mine should cause dissension or ill feeling between the United States and any ol our Allies, but if that word be necessary to protect a legitimate vital interest, either during this war or in the post war world. I would still feel duty bound to speak. Speaks in Good Faith. The chain which binds the United Nations together is frail indeed if there are links which cannot stand the strain of expression of opinion made in good faith in the parliamentary bodies of a democracy. There are a few who have expressed the opinion that it is sheer impertinence for a member of the American Congress to discuss our re lations with the British or the part being played by them in the war. Such people would do well to observe the fine restraint and poise shown by the American people when officials of the British Empire tell us what is expected of us. and adopt it as a model of future behavior. Only a few days ago that pillar of empire and great world figure. Gen. Smuts, in a speech which was widely publicized throughout the world, as an expression of official British opinion, told the people of the United States very frankly that we were expected to furnish in large measure the men who will make the bloody assault to breach Hitler’s fortress of Europe. Few Americans failed to grasp all the impli cations of Gen. Smuts’ statement. The lives of American boys are infinitely more precious to us than all the ma terial which will ever be handled under lease-lenri. Nevertheless. Gen, Smuts’ statement did not evoke any great public resentment and outcry in the United States. The President did not send a message to Congress comment ing with thinly veiled sarcasm on ad vice from abroad. I have not seen in the American press caricatures of Gen. Smuts, ridiculing him for making a public statement as to what he con sidered the obligation of America in the performance of its duty to the common effort. I have not heard of any member of Congress becoming unduly excited. Expect to Do Our Part. Every patriotic American expects our country to do its full part in this war, but I do not believe that doing our part requires us so to keep our light under a bushel that, where permitted to think, we are expected to speak in whispers of the contribution of our own country’ to the cause of Allied victory. ' v I therefore am not greatly disturbed by that portion of the American press or officialdom which sees ghosts every time any person in American public life has the temerity to suggest that it is proper for our Allies to appreciate the extent of our efforts and sacrifices in this .w’ar as we .appreciate their efforts and sacrifices. We have come to a pretty pass if a citizen of the United States cannot support with wholehearted devption the cause of his own country without •ubjectin* aimself to the charge that he is anti British or anti-Russian. Recently a man who has spent his life n -the service of the United States wa-s pilloried in some quarters because he publicly stated that -the people of Russia were not fully aware of the assistance given them by this country. Russian armies and Russian people have won the undying gratitude of the American peo ple for the heroism and spirit of sacrifice with which they have met the onslaught of the brutal hordes of Nazi Germany. Too much praise cannot be given their heroism and. with rare exceptions, that praise has been spread with lavish hand in every public forum in the United States and through press and pulpit. It does not detract one jot or tittle from the valor of the Russian armies or the sacrifices of the Russian people to men tion in public the fact that the United States and. for that matter, Great Brit ain as well, have made a stupendous effort to furnish equipment to those armies, and that the equipment given must have contributed in some measure to the victories won. Express No Resentment. The American people have before them each day the achievements of the Rus sian armies. The Russian government has not hesitated to complain frequently and publicly of our failure to open a second front, when and where Russia wants it. instead of when and where our own military experts think advisable. The American people have expressed no resentment of this criticism and it is inexplicable to me that a suggestion that the masses of the Russian people should have knowledge of our efforts to aid them is likely to cause disunity between comrades in a fight involving the fate and freedom of both' the people of tha United States and of Russia. I yield to no one in the fervor of my desire for the closest unity between tha Allied NaPions to achieve the victory over our common enemies. I am as anxious as any man for the United States to co-operate with Russia, Eng land, China and the other Allied powers in maintaining peace in the years to follow that victory. I believe any lasting world peace must have as its keystone a complete understanding between tha United States and the British Empire. But, Mr. President, this co-operation and understanding cannot be had except upon a basis of equality and frank and fair dealings. If such matters as I have touched upon in this report cannot be publicly discussed by a Senator of the United States even in time of war, it certainly* does not augur well for the harmonious relations the American peo ple so earnestly desire in the postwar period, because victory over our enemies will far from settle all world problems. For my own part, I have too great a faith in the common sense and inherent fairness of the average citizen of all tha United Nations, wherever he may live,, to believe that harm can result from fully publicizing the true facts as to tha contribution of every nation engaged in this great common enterprise, whether it be military operations on land and sea or in the operations of lease-lend, either direct or reverse. Frank discussion will always dissipate the clouds of suspicion. It will promote a better understanding between all the Allied Nations in tha trying days ahead of us after the vic tory' is won. It will pave the way for the necessary sense of appreciation of sacrifices in a common cause which begets good will between peoples. On such good will and understanding any permanent peace for this stricken world must depend.