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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 01, 1943, Image 12

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Australia Believes
MacArthur Will Stay
Until Defeat of Japs
(The following story about Gen.
Douglas MacArthur is the first
of tico parts and was written by
one of the leading journalists of
Chief Executive Officer of the Associated
Newspapers of Australia. Publishers
of the Sydney Sun.
SYDNEY, Australia, Nov. 1 (By
I wireless to N.A.N.A.).—The strong
bond cf friendship and co-operation
that has developed between Gen.
Douglas MacArthur. commander-tn
chief in the Southwest Pacific, and
Prime Minister John Curtin of Aus
tralia is felt perhaps as fully by
! every individual on this island con
tinent. The place the United States.
I general has won in the hearts of
[the Australians is, indeed, not an
| insignificant one, and few here be
! lieve he will give up his command—
| even to run for President of the
| United States,
Only a comparatively few Aus
tralians really know Gen. Mac
Arthur, except as a single dimen
j sional figure. To most he is a
photograph, an intelligent, stern in
profile surmounted bv a peaked cap.
They remember his pledge to "keep
|the soldier faith" when he arrived
jin Australia, and they believe he has
•honored that pledge.
From his frequent acknowledge
ments of divine help in announce
ments of successes against the en
|emy, Australians surmise that Gen.
[MacArthur is a deeply religious and
spiritual man. His religion, it is
[thought, is personal and of the
New Testament, unlike Gen. Sir
Bernard L. Montgomery's, whose Old
Testament "God of Battles” is in
voked beforp thp fray and whose
fiery sword has inspired the British
8th Army.
Declines ln\Italians.
In the Australian citv in which
the mainland headquarters are lo
cated, Gen. MacArthur is little
known. From his home to his of
fice ts a short automobile ride and
people halt, turn and stare at the
four-starred vehicle in an endeavor
to catch a profile glimpse of the
informally dressed figure which
strides from the car through the
headquarters doorway and is sa
luted by thp sharp heel clicks of
American and Australian sentries
who guard the portal.
When at his field headquarters
Gen. MacArthur is more visible to
officers and troops, but to most men
of thp Allied forces he commands
he is, as to the citizens, only a pro
When he arrived from the Philip
pines, filling the Australians with
hope by his very presence, many
citizens, eager to extend their hos
pitality and show their admiration
for the Bataan epic, sought to en
tertain him at dinners, parties and
intimate club functions Politely
and determinedlv he refused them
all, secluding himself with his fam
ily and his immediate staff.
Gradually the story spread that
Gen. MacArthur had come to Aus
tralia with a single purpose, which
was to win back the Philippines at
thp parliest possible time, and that
all other activities were subjugated
to that mission. Respecting his de
sire for privacy and seclusion, know
ing he is a day and night worker.
Australians were not resentful of
his aloof detachment from his im
mediate surroundings, though they
were puzzled to find that reserve in
an American character when most
of Gen. Mac Arthur's fellow country
men are. by Australian standards,
definitely extrovert.
Australians Puzzled.
The puzzlement grew when Gen.
MacArthur recently shattered thp
silence usually surrounding him by
publicly discussing Pacific strategy,
obviously as a debater but against
an apparently nonexistent opponent.
Australian newspaper readers were
unaware of speculative stories then
being published in the "pro-Ameri
can'’ press because most Australian
editors threw .such cabled excerpts
into the wastepaper basket, re
garding them as mischievous barbs
designed to create irritations. Such
irritations would provoke peeved re
minders and lead to frictions which
would be incompatible with the
unity required to win this war and
maintain the peace.
Normally. Gen. MacArthur never
issued pronouncements on strategy
or tactics. The background and ofT
the-record information is given to
correspondents by Col. Le Grande
A. • Pick> Diller. who came from.
Bataan with Gen. MacArthur and
is the efficient chief of public rela
tions and contact, man with the
Some newspapers label as "Mae-'
Arthur's Communique" the daily
communiques covering operations
under his command. Due probably
to the general's strong personality;
and influence on his associates, it
is observable that the vocabulary
of these very detailed announce
ments Iras much of the quality of
Gen. MacArthur’s infrequent per
sonal utterances.
Occasionally, when on the Aus
tralian mainland, Gen. MacArthur
receives civilian visitors. Always
they are impressed by the vigorous
strength of his personality, the
breadth of his interests and the
evidences of long study and thought ;
expressed in his steadily flowing dis
He uses a rich vocabulary studded
with phrases and reflecting deep
philosophies as well as the passion
ate. driving thoughts of a soldier.
Strong feelings impel him to strong
gestures and restless movements to 1
emphasize his strong words. Very j
evident then is his pride, wounded |
by the inability of his forces to hold
the Philippines, spurring him to re
pay the great personal insult.
(Released by the North American
Newspaper Alliance. Inc.)
Hunter College Students
To Use Roosevelt Home
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK. Nov. 1.—The for
mer home of President, Roosevelt,
named the Sara Delano Roosevelt
Memorial House in honor of his
mother when it was acquired in
1942 by a committee of citizens who
presented it to Hunter College, will
be opened officially as a student
center for inter-faith activities
November 22.
In making the announcement, Dr.
George N. Shuster, president of
the college, said the house, on
East 65th street, would be used by
undergraduates, and space would be
provided for the religious clubs of
the college.
VFW Cooties to Visit
Tomb of Unknown Soldier
The Military Order of the Cootie,
an honor degree of the Veterans of
Foreign Wars, will make its sixth
annual pilgrimage to the Tomb of
the Unknown Soldier at 11 a.m
Sunday, Thomas W. Dixon, chair
man, announced.
Representatives from several
States will journey to the tomb,
after which they will attend a me
morial banquet at Ruby Foo's res
taurant, scheduled for 1:30 p.m.
Otto Steinberger of Detroit, Mich.,
is National Supreme Officer and
Commander of the organization, j
Bar Association Plans
Annual Dinner Dec. 11
The 72d annual dinner of the
Bar Association of the District of
Columbia will be held December
11 at 7:30 p.m. at the Mayflower
Hotel, according to Joseph A. Can
trel, chairman of the Dinner
Prior to the dinner, which will
feature a nationally prominent
speaker, a reception will be held in
the Chinese Room of the hotel, he
Edward M. Curran. United States
Attorney for the District, will be
toastmaster for the banquet.
Squirrels Go on Tour
BARBER. Okla i/Pi.—Hundreds of
gray squirrels, on a migratory jour
ney, recently moved through Chero
kee County. Scientists and sports
men have puzzled over the motive
that causes these usually shv rodents
to travel across country in bands
apparently oblivious to men.
Poll Indicates Public
Wants Immediate
Postwar Planning
All income groups want co-opera
tive national planning for postwar
employment now by business, agri
culture. labor and Government, ac
cording to the National Planning
A Nation-wide poll, made for the
association by the Office of Public
Opinion Research at Princeton Uni
versity, was reported to show that
“the public is ahead of the Gov
ernment and Congress in their de
mand for immediate planning."
A little more than half of the
people are "confident that co-opera
tive planning is capable of doing
away entirely with unemployment
after the war, but there is a sharp
divergence of opinion as to whether
Government or private enterprise
should take the lead," the poll was
said to reveal.
Public Works Expected.
Here are some of the other major
features of the poll, said to reflect
the opinions of a "correct propor
tion of men and women, rich and
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poor, young and old, workers and
farmers, Republicans and Demo
Aboul^ two-thirds of the people
think the Government will have to
provide public projects.
More than seven out of 10 expect
to keep their present jobs after
the war.
About 75 per cent of those polled
are in favor of a central Govern
ment agency with authority to guide
domestic policy on re-employment,
plant conversion and demobiliza
tion. The majority of people
favoring such an agency want it to
include representatives of business,
labor and agriculture.
Favor War Plant Sale.
Almost 50 per cent of the people
are in favor of the Government sell
ing its privately-operated plant
facilities to the companies which
now operate them. If the private |
companies don t want them, the
Republicans and more people in the
higher income brackets favor sale;
to the highest bidder. The Demo
crats and more people in the lower
income groups favor Government
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retention of plants now wanted by
the companies now operating them.
Pour out of 10 people polled be
lieve the United States Employment
Service should be responsible for
finding Jobs for demobilizecf soldiers
while only 14 per cent favor the use
of draft boards "ip reverse.” Three
out of 10 want a new Government
employment agency with which all
companies must register new job
Six out of 10 favor immediate re
lease of men from the Army if jobs
are available "but when immediate
release without security is placed
against gradual release, the latter
is favored” by all age groups.
Most people polled agree that vet
erans should be given preference
over civilians in possible competi
tion for jobs after the war, but those
under 30 years of age polled were
least willing to see veterans given
first choice.
Eighty-one per cent of the people
polled are in favor of lending money
to returning veterans to help them
get started but the majority of
them are against paying soldiers a
bonus after they find work.
Eighty-six per cent of those polled
are in favor of a law providing
schooling for veterans at Govern
ment expense after the war.
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On postwar economic controls, 90
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In more ways than one, the Burbank
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ing ahead. They know the kind of future
they want in the Post War World and
they are working hard to make it come
true. You can do as thev are doing:.
Seven Practical Things the Burbanks Are Doing
to Win Their Personal Post War World
They are things you, too, can do
VERETT rurrank is busier than ever these
war days. He still found time for such a
successful Victory garden that he built a root
cellar to store some of the surplus.
That kind of ''weather eye” on the future is
typical of most of us Americans. We have in mind
a Post War World in w hich we are going to enjoy
many of the good things of life . . . and we're
working now to win them.
All of us, like the Burbanks, can keep a weather
eye on the future. We can follow a practical seven
point program which our Government recom
mends. Here it is:
1. Buy and hold war bonds—to lend our country
the money it needs now to fight the war to
2. Pay willingly your share of taxes—including
increased taxes—that our country needs.
3. Provide for your own and your family’s future
by adequate life insurance and savings.
4. Reduce your debts as much as possible and
avoid making needless new ones.
5. Buy only what you need and make what you
have last longer.
6. Live faithfully by the rationing rules to con
serve goods of which there are shortages.
7. Cooperate with our Government's price and
wage stabilization program.
This is a wartime plan of action for Victory and
the peace to follow. But it is nothing really new
for Americans—who are used to following the
road of hard work and thrift to freedom and
personal security. That's the spirit our fathers
planted deep in our soil before we became a nation.
But these seven things will not only work for
the better future we want. Right now they will
go into action to hold down prices—to prevent
that uncontrolled rise in the cost of living that
would hurt all of us and help none of us.
Why not, if you are not already doing so, do
these seven practical things? A good w ay to begin
is to work out a budget, using the form shown
here. It can be your guide to a better tomorrow.
• • •
America’s Life Insurance Companies bring you this
plan of action not only to help you to win the kind of
future you w ant, but to urge you to join wholeheartedly
with all loyal Americans to keep down living costs
during these critical war days.
Bv acquiring life insurance, with the guidance of
their life insurance agents, 67 million policyholders
have already joined together in taking one of the
effective steps our Government suggests.
Remember that the premiums you pav for your life
insurance are also helping to pay for the war—for a
large part of them are invested in Government bonds.
C. FYFRFTT BURBANK manage* a feme
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\ w *>
r- $ : |
YEAR WILL BE £3600 _
EXPENSES (including taxes) 2613

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