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Pair tonight and tomorrow. Much cooler tonight; rising temperature tomorrow. Temperatures today—Highest, 56, at 12:01 a m.; lowest, *8, at 7:20 a.m.: 52 at 1:30 p.m. Yesterday—Highest, 64, at 5 p.m.; lowest, 52, at 4:45 a.m. Lote New York Morkets, Page A-19. —■IIIIWWIII l lliiyi I illllllUlWlllilllllUMI ■IMHHMiBIII—lll II li Hill I li 'I [ BBffl HI t a a T i BB! ‘ . V_ Guide for Readers Page.. Amusements . B-18 Comics_B-26-27 Editorials _A-10 Edit'l Articles A-ll Lost and Found. A-3 Finance _A-18-19 Page. Obituary _A-12 Radio ..B-27 Society.B-3 Sports _A-16-17 Where to Go B-16 Woman’s Page B-20 An Associated Press Newjpoper 91st YEAR. No. 36,344. WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1943—FORTY-EIGHT PAGES. *** THREE CEXTS. Nazis'Mountdin Line Cracked by 5th Army; Key Heights Seized Other Units Win New High Ground Before Venafro By the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. Algiers, Nov. 3.—The Allied 5th Army has seized the heights of Massico Ridge, western anchor of the German's line in Italy, and nearby Mount San Croce to gain complete observation of enemy positions in the broad Garigliano River Valley, head quarters announced today. The valley between the north edge of Massico and San Croce Mountains is only 9 miles from the Gulf of Gaeta. and an Allied officer declared that the Nazis, who previously had concentrated many guns between the western slopes and the sea. "are obviously confronted with the ne cessity of withdrawing or facing an nihilation." Cracking of this strong mountain line was described as "the breaking of one more of Rome's defenses.” Win New High Ground. American units on the right flank routed the Nazis from the last heights before Venafro and won new high ground covering the extreme upper Volturno River Valley, across which an assault against Venafro and other strong points in the mountain line would have to be launched. A 3-mile advance there swept up Pratella. 9 miles southeast of Ven afro, and Gallo, about the same distance below Isernia. British and Canadian troops of the 8th Army battered forward to establish a new bridgehead over the Trigno River on the Adriatic flank. This new crossing was an undis closed distance inland from the original bridgehead near San Salvo close to the river's mouth. Five Miles Above Teano. Official reports from Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark's headquarters said British forces of the 5th Army hammered their way onto commanding heights of both the 2.500-foot Massico Ridge and San Crose Mountain, some 5 miles northwest of Teano and 4 miles north of the point where the main coastal highway to Rome skirts the northern edge of Massico Ridge. The extent of this advance through a 4-mile-wide gap in the mountain range toward the Garigli ano River was not specified. Behind his advance elements Gen. Clark moved up artillfery which, with benefit of the full observation of the Garigliano Valley, could eas ily shell any enemy forces remain ing on the west side of Massico Pidge along the sea coast. To reach favorable new mountain positions the Germans would have to pull back across the Garigliano to the high Aurunci Mountains be hind Minturno. 14 miles from the present battle area. There is every indication, how-ever. that the Nazis w-ill fight a slow, stubborn rear guard action before relinquishing any part of the Garigliano Valley. Nazi Tanks in Action. Severe and bloody fighting marked the 5th Army gains. Nazi tanks went, into action in the Upper Vol turno area, but failed to dent the salient the Americans thrust into enemy lines there. The Canadians and British cross ing the Trigno also met heavy opposition, but this was countered by effective use of British artillery. In their fresh stab capturing Pratella and Gallo, the Americans also chased the enemy from the important mountain town of Vai rano and the little villages of Prata, Prata Sannita, Ciorpella. Corricella, Greci, Pozzo and Marzanella. They also won a valuable crossing at Scafa di Vairano over the Upper Voltumo. Many Villages Fall. Although there was no formal announcement of their capture, the 5th Army's drive onto Massico Ridge and San Croce Mountain presuma bly carried these troops through the towns of Caianello, Furnolo, Santa Guiliana, Casale. Roccamon fiini. Torano. Fontanelle and many smaller villages. It was disclosed officially that the Canadian Three Rivers Tank Regi ment and Irish Guards Brigade carried out the amphibious landing at Termoli early in October on the Adriatic coast which caught the Germans by surprise and sent them reeling back toward their present Trigno River line. Light bombers and fighter bombers continued to blast enemy bridges, gun positions and motor transport in the battle area and night bombers pounded airfields. Canada Restricts Coal OTTAWA. Nov. 3 (£>).—'The Mu nitions Department announced last night that, as an emergency meas ure due to a mine strike in Western Provinces, deliveries of coal to householders now were restricted to not more than one ton to a cus tomer, with no one permitted to buy coal for his home if he had enough to last 15 days or more. G. Howland Shaw In Radio Forum Assistr.nt Secretary of State G. Howtand Shaw will speak in the National Radio Forum this evening and will be inter viewed by Edward Boykin, conducting the forum, on the important functions of the State Department, especially in relation to the foreign service. The National Radio Forum Is a Blue Network feature, ar ranged by The Star and broad cast locally over The Evening ^Star Station, WMAL, at 10:30 ■ /clock. <■--—— Russians Drive To 30 Miles of Dnieper Mouth Nazis Trapped in Crimea By-Passed By Cossacks Ey the Associated Press, LONDON, Nov. 3.—Bounding across the steppes of Southern Russia far beyond the by-passed Crimea at an unslackened pace. Gen, Feodor Tolbukhin's Cos sacks were declared in Moscow dispatches today to be cleaning up swiftly the last 30 miles re maining before Kherson, at the ‘mouth of the Dnieper estuary on the Black Sea. *The retreating Germans showed signs of demoralization as the Red Army swept west of the sealed-ofl Crimea where the Germans say they still have strong forces. Forty miles were covered in a single day's sweep beyond captured Perekop, last entrance to the Black Sea peninsula from the north. The German communique termed the reported Russian invasion of the Eastern Crimea south of Kerch “an enemy landing head" and asserted that the Russian holding “was fur ther compressed despite embittered resistance." Moscow has not con firmed the landing. Nazis .speak Vaguely. The communique, heard from Radio Berlin by The Associated Press, spoke in vague terms of heavy fighting against strong Russian tank and infantry forces at the northern entrance of the Crimea, "in the area east of Kherson and in the big Dnieper bend." The focus of battle in the Dnieper bend was at the great iron and rail, center of Krivoi Rog. 120 miles north of the Crimea. There the Germans persisted in counterattacks in a1 desperate effort to prevent the; northern arm of a vast Russian! pincers from trapping thousands of Nazis. By German account, the Russians also were attacking southeast and ■ north of the partially surrounded Ukrainian capital of Kiev and in the Velikie Luki area in the north, where j the Russian winter already has cov-S ered the battlefields with snow. The Germans said they sank three Soviet motor torpedo boats in the; Gulf of Finland. Heavy Fighting in Ukraine. The heaviest fighting was in the! Ukraine, and there the charging* Russians were within 104 airline miles of Odessa and 120 airline miles of Rumania. Nikolaev, at the mouth of the Bug River. 35 miles west of Kherson, and the southern anchor of the Bug Riv- j er defense system toward which the Germans are fleeing, seemingly was! the next major objective of the fighting Soviet Army in its great drive to collapse the entire Nazi, j southern flank. With a peacetime population of 170,000, Nikolaev re cently was reported headquarters for the German southern front. The Russians stormed more than 40 miles across the Ukraine steppes yesterday from captured Perekop. Northwestern gate to the Crimea, a Moscow communique disclosed. At the same time, the bulletin* said, other Sovtet, forces fanning out —i See RUSSIA. Page A-3.) Gros Espionage Charges Dismissed by U. S. Court j E? the Associated Press. LOS ANGELES. Nov. 3—Charges of failing to register as a foreign agent and conspiring to send mili tary information to Germany were j dismissed by Federal Judge Ben ! Harrison yesterday in the case of Hans Helmut Gros, former Beverly Hills art dealer. I The charges, on which Gros had been convicted, were dropped at the request of the Attorney Gen eral's office after the Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco last I June 22 granted the defendant a : new trial. Miners Ignore Roosevelt, Wait Lewis' Orders Union Chief Silent After Third Parley With Ickes on Deal BULLETIN. John L. Lewis, United Mine Workers’ president, after talk ing alone with Secretary Ickes today, conferred with UMW district presidents and then returned with a group of aides to the Interior Department to meet Mr. Ickes and the latter s coal experts. Although none of the conferees would discuss the business at hand, there were implications that at tempts were being made to work out a contract that would send the idle miners back to the pits. the Associated Pitta. President Roosevelt's directive to the Nation's coal miners to re turn today to the pits, now under Government seizure, was gener ally ignored in the major pro ducing States this morning. The quiet suspension of activity, begun October 13 in scattered wild cat walkouts stemming from con tinued absence of a working con tract. spread to an estimated 460.000 hard and soft coal miners as con ferences looking to some settlement went forward here between John L. Lewis. United Mine Workers presi dent, and Secretary of the Interior Ickes, again designated as Federal overseer of the mines. Mr. Lewis went to his third con tract conference in 48 hours with Mr. Ickes in the Interior Department Building. As on the occasions of his two previous visits there yesterday he was alone. Recently ill with in fluenza. he wore a dark muffler bun dled under his chin. jMient Afier ( onference. Mr. Lewis greeted waiting report ers pleasantly, but told them he had nothing to say at the moment. He maintained hi.s silence on leaving the Interior Department 30 minutes later. UMW's district presidents, con stituting a subcommittee of the un ion's Policy Committee, arranged to hear the results of the parley at an 11 a.m. session. A meeting of the full Policy Committee—which has the power to order the men back to work—was in prospect for later in the day, but no specific hour had been set this morning. An early morning survey in Penn sylvania, a top producer of both an thracite and bituminous coal, showed no signs of a back-to-work move ment in response to the President's appeal. Only a few soft coal strip mines were reported working in Western Pennsylvania, but Byron H. Canon, executive secretarv of the operators’ association. suggested the failure ot general resumptions to develop might be due in part to delays In receipt of formal notices of Government seizure. 10 Locals Refuse to Return. In West Virginia there were no early reports of any mine crews go ing back to the pits in 600 commer cial operations, though a few non union mines and some strip mines were turning out some small (See MINERS, Page A-4.) Nazi-Held Italian Cruiser Blasted by U. S. Bombers By the Associated Ppm*. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. Al giers. Nov, 3. — A German-held cruiser of the Regolo class—the Ottaviano Augusto—was put out of commission when American Mitchell bombers hit her in Ancona Harbor Monday, it was announced officially today. Anacona is on the Adriatic Sea. slightly more than halfway up the Italian coast. Reconnaissance photographs to day showed the cruiser had suffered direct hits and now lies on her star board side in the harbor with a large patch of oil covering the water nearby. Mitchell crewmen at first had be lieved the 444-foot warship was a merchant vessel. They attacked in daylight. The Ottaviano Augusto, the last Italian cruiser remaining in German hands, carried eight 5.3-inch guns, as well as many antiaircraft guns, and eight 21-inch torpedo tubes. Its displacement was 3.362 tons. Leaders Know Japan Is Beaten, iGripsholm Travelers Report Masses Not Told of Setbacks in War, Repatriates Say (New developments inside Ja pan's ''Greater East Asia Co Prosperity Sphere” are described in the following dispatch from Raymond P. Cronin, chief of the Associated Press Bureau in Ma nila when the Japs struck the Philippines. Mr. Cronin is re turning home aboard the Grips holm and his eyewitness account is the first received since the in itial American repatriates re turned from Japan in July, 1942.) (Pictures on Page B-l.) By RAYMOND P. CRONIN. PORT ELIZABETH, Union of South Africa, Nov. 3.—Japanese leaders know that the Rising Sun is fighting a losing war, but the masses are being kept in igno rance of the score, according to competent observers who have returned from Japan in the last two months. These observers were among the (See CRONIN, Page A-4.) * People Reported Showing No Sign of Break in Morale (The following report was writ ten by Russell Brines, veteran Associated Press foreign corre spondent. Mr. Brines was cap tured by the Japanese in Manila, and after a period of internment there was transferred to Shang hai in September, 1942. He served in the Associated Press Bureau in Tokio for two years before going to the Philippines in 1941.) By RUSSELL BRINES. PORT ELIZABETH, Union of South Africa, Nov. 3.—Swept by a wave of wartime fanaticism and tightly governed by the army, the Japanese people show no indication of any crack in morale despite mounting short ages of commodities, travelers returning from Japan say. Residence in Japan during two years of the empire’s greatest strug gle has convinced them the Jap anese people will support the war (Set BRINES, Page A-4.) U. 5. Bombers Attack France as Weather Clears Atter 2 Weeks Raid Follows Assault By New 15th Air Force On Wiener Neustadt BULLETIN. LONDON (i'Pi.—The largest force of American heavy bombers ever to operate from British bases raided North western Germany today escorted by long-range Thunderbolts and Lightning fighters. Pr the Associated Pres*. LONDON, Nov. 3—American Marauders attacked a German airfield in Northern France to day (in a renewal of daylight raids on the continent by Brit ain-based planes, after Mediter ranean-based bombers of the new United States 15th Air Force wrecked the Messerschmitt plane factory at Wiener Neustadt. Clearing weather after two weeks of heavy fog and rain in England made possible the latest thrust in the new Allied air offensive against Germany. The Marauders, escorted by Spitfires, attacked enemy air fields at St. Andre de Leure. Wiener Neustadt, near Vienna, re ceived the heaviest Allied aerial blow from a Mediterranean base since the Salerno landing operations Allied headquarters at Algiers de clared yesterday's assault on the principle factory manufacturing Messerschmitt airplanes has caused such havoc that it was doubtful the plant ever would produce planes again. One of the greatest aerial battles of the war took place in the Wiener Neustadt area in Southeastern Ger many as Nazi fighters in great force rose to intercept the American Fort resses and Liberators. Full results are not yet known, but Allied headquarters said at least 30 of the 75 to 100 enemy fighters were shot down and that 6 American bombers were last. The attack was made just ahead of announcement of the creation of a United States 15th Air Force, under Lt. Gen. Carl A Spaatz. who was given command of the entire United States operations in the Mediterranean. Nazis Have New Bomber. Evidence that the Germans also are preparing for an intensified aerial struggle has come in reports that the Nazis have developed a new and faster light bomber as well as rocket shells. The new bombers are understood to have been used in hit-and-run raids over England, which have caused 12 alerts in London in the last 18 nights, and the British press describes the machine as a powerful twin-engined JU-188, carrying a crew of two. While the heavy bombers of the 15th Air Force were hammering !Weiner Neustadt. other planes of the old United States 12th Air Force and of the Royal Air Force hit Ger man objectives in Italy. American Marauders bombed ships and docks at. Civitavecchia, 40 miles northwest of Rome, as well as railways in the area; American Mitchells attacked railway yards at Ancona on the Adriatic coast; RAF Wellingtons bombed the Fiano Ro mano airfield near Rome, and RAF Bostons dropped bombs on motor trucks in the Isernia area. 37 Planes Destroyed. The total score for this biggest day in the new air campaign by the Allies in the Mediterranean was 31 enemy planes destroyed in the air, against the loss of six Allied air craft. Photographs taken during the bombing of the Messerschmitt works showed a heavy concentration of direct hits on factory buildings some of which were leveled, and other plants adjacent to the Mes serschmitt establishment also were hit. Pilots returned with stories of buildings collapsing in huge clouds of smoke and with large fires en veloping the plant, which was de voted to assembly of the speedy fighter plane which the Nazis have made their chief defense against growing Allied air power. Spitfires, using a special technique, set fire to 13 tank cars of gasoline near Avezzano, leaving smoke which could be seen 100 miles away. Lady Oakes Testif ies on Discord After Nancy Wed De Marigny bays Family Tried 'To Make Best of Bad Situation' Pv ' hf’Ac-oc Fre«.s. NASSAU. Bahamas, Nov. 3 — In the silence of a crowded courtroom gripped by the drama of the moment, the widow' of Sir Harry Oakes told today in tones sometimes halting, sometimes firm of a family break which fol lowed Alfred de Marigny’s mar riage to the daughter of the man he now' is accused of killing. Even the chief justice dropped his voice while Lady Eunice Oakes testi fied in the Bahamas Supreme Court against, her twice-divorced son-in law. who is charged with bludgeon ing and burning Sir Harry to death last July. "We tried to make the best of a bad situation.” the mourning-clad widow said, after the defendant married Nancy Oakes, then 18 years old But Nancy became pregnant even before she recovered from a near fatal attack of typhoid fever, Lady Oakes related, and Sir Harry's re LADY EUNICE OAKES. sentment caused ill feeling between the baronet and De Marigny. She said that Nancy stuck with her husband and moved away from her family. Then, and the witness’ voice now i See OAKES, Page A-67) Naval and Air Battles Hinted by Japanese In Rabaul Showdown Allied Ships Turn Back Enemy Force Trying to Reach Bougainville Ry thf Associated Press. SOUTHWEST PACIFIC HEAD QUARTERS. Nov. 3.—The Japa nese, whose Bougainville air I bases were paralyzed by naval guns and plane bombs as the1 Allies invaded that last big Solomons Island of the enemy, already have hinted at naval and air battles to come in the show down struggle before Rabaul. I Gen. Douglas MacArthur's head quarters said today that, after the marines stormed ashore on Bougain ville's west coast at dawn Monday to capture Empress Augusta Bay. a Japanese cruiser and destroyer force was intercepted Monday night.1 fought and turned back bv Allied warships before they could reach the invasion scene. Allied Warships Attacked. Headquarters added that complete 1 reports were awaited on the battle which might go far toward deter mining the ability of the Allied landing force to control Bougain I ville's west coast. i It also was disclosed that, altei ' 'the naval battle. Japanese planes attacked the Allied warships and i caused minor damage before they were driven off. Thus the Japanese demonstrated ability to get air op position into the sector despite the; bombing out of its airbases on Bougainville. Headquarters today added no de tails on the ground operations on Bougainville, but reported steady progress of forces which earlier in- j vaded Treasury and Choiseul Is lands to the south and southeast ; The Japs on Treasury have been driven into the jungles. On Choi seul. American forces have advanced four miles from their beachhead on : the southwest coast. Supported by j bombers and fighter planes, they de feated enemy forces in a clash at Sangigai, former barge depot. Jap Freighter Sunk. Today's communique reported that an 8,000-ton enemy freighter transport was sunk Monday by a Liberator off Kavieng, New Ireland. The crew said the vessel had four decks above the waterline and ap peared to be carrying troops. Headquarters also reported the sinking of a three-decker transport off Buka on Bougainville's northern tip during the air attacks which smashed enemy air bases there. Two Tremors in Japan Or India Are Recorded By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, Nov. 3.—Two earth tremors occurred yesterday either in India or Japan, the Rev. Joseph Lynch, Fordham University seismol ogist, said today. Senate Bloc Insists Moscow Pacts Must Be Ratified Here State Department Disputes View, Holding Them Executive Actions Controversy over the signifi cance and effect of the Moscow declarations gathered momen tum today, with State Depart ment officials declaring that the pact was an effective executive agreement which did not require Senate ratification and a number of Senators taking issue with that assertion. Chairman Reynolds of the Senate Military Affairs Committee was among those demanding that the Senate ratify or reject the postwar security agreement among the United States, Russia, Great Britain and China. A bloc of 14 Senators, however, proposed to Chairman Connally of the Foreign Relations Committee that he substitute two paragraphs of the Moscow statement for his peace resolution and seek its speedy approval as an expression of the Senate's views on foreign policy. nanis uwn Resolution. Although Senator Connallv de clined immediate comment on the proposal, he indicated determina tion to go ahead with attempts to obtain passage of his resolution without change. His resolution would pledge the United States to .join with free and sovereign nations in establishing international au thority with power to prevent aggression. The proposed substitute of the 14 Senators who have been seeking to "strengthen” the terms of the Con nally resolution would incorporate in it, with slight changes, these dec larations from the Moscow' confer ence: “That they (the United States, Great Britain. Russia and China) recognize the necessity of establish ing at the earliest practicable date a general international organiza tion, based on the principle of the sovereign equality of all peace loving states, and open to member ship by all such states, large and small, for the maintenance of in ternational peace and security. Promise to Consult. "That for the purpose of maintain ing international peace and security pending the re-establishment of law and order and the inauguration of a system of general security, they will consult with one another and as oc casion requires with other members of the United Nations with the view to joint action on behalf of the community of nations.” To this would be added a provision citing the Senate's constitutional authority to ratify treaties. State Department officials said the Moscow declarations had the same force on participating nations as a (See POSTWARTPage A-6.) GOP '44 Hopes Soar Following Victories In Key Races in East Hanley and Edge Elected, Bullitt Defeated, Kentucky Governorship Fight Close Elections at a Glance By th* Associated Press. NEW YORK—Republican Joe R. Hanley elected lieutenant governor over William N. Haskell, Demo cratic and American Labor nominee. NEW JERSEY—Former Senator Walter E. Edge, Republican, elected Governor over Democrat Vincent J. Murphy. KENTUCKY—Democrat J. Lyter Donaldson lead ing Republican Simeon Willis for governorship. PHILADELPHIA—Republican Bernard Samuel re turned as mayor over former Ambassador William C. Bullitt, Democrat. DETROIT—Mayor Edward J. Jeffries re-elected over Frank Fitzgerald in non-partisan election. VIRGINIA—Democrats won in all Arlington Coun ty contests except that for county treasurer. (Story on Page B-l.) MISSISSIPPI—Democrats won local contests. Two U. S. Agencies Rally to Increase War Fund Total Latest Contributions Bring Receipts Within $1,000,000 of Goal The Office of Defense Trans portation and the Maritime Commission scheduled rallies of employes to back the Community War Fund today as fund officials announced contributions are within less than Sl.000.000 of quota. Of the $4,800,000 goal. $3,832.842—79.8 per cent—has been subscribed. Lt. R. E. McLachlin, U. S. N. R . of the Navy Medical Corps, ad dressed a gathering of Mari time Commission employes at 11:30 am. in the Department of Commerce Auditorium. This after noon Coleman Jennings, campaign chairman, will speak to Office of Defense Transportation employes in the Departmental Auditorium. The Army Air Forces Band will play. Mr. Jennings issued an official statement declaring that he ‘ knows the money is here" and that fund solicitors are going to stick on the job till they get it. spirit is Here. “First, the spirit is here.” he said. "And that is not 'hooey.’ “Second, the money is here.” Washingtonians could raise double the amount of the fund with no in convenience. Mr. Jennings declared. He warned workers, however, that the last 20 2 per cent of the quota will be the hardest to get. Lord Halifax, British Ambassador, will speak at 12:30 p.m. tomorrow to a solicitors' report meeting at the United States Chamber of Com merce. Employes of the British and other United Nations agencies here have been organized to contribute to the fund, which this year includes United Nations Relief among its 145 agencies. $20,000 Gift Announced. A gift of $20,000 from Mr. and Mrs. Joseph E. Davies was announced at a report meeting yesterday. The gift will be divided between the Ad vance Gifts Division and the Gov ernment Division. This is an in crease of 100 per cent over last year's contribution, Abbott P. Mills, chair man of Advance Gifts, declared. The Government Division yester day announced a gift of $10 from the South Pacific. Pvt. George W ■ Shank wrote to his family that $1C l was not near enough to express his appreciation for what the United Service Organization Clubs and other fund activities “are doing for I the boys.” GOP Controls Hartford First Time Since 1933 I P.y the Associated Press. HARTFORD. Conn.. Nov. 3.— Hartford, largest city in Connecti ;CUt. went Republican in a city elec tion yesterday for the first time [since 1933 as State Senator William H. Mortensen was elected Mayor. Mayor of Bridgeport Wins His Sixth Term By ihc Associated Press. BRIDGEPORT, Conn.. Nov. 3.— Socialist Jasper McLevy became Bridgeport's first sixth-term Mayor last night as he carried this city by more than 12.000 votes. Telegram Barred, Rivals Congratulate Hanley by Mail By the Associated Press. NEW YORK. Nov. 3.—Lt. Gov.-elect Joe R. Hanley had to wait until today to receive congratulations from his de feated opponent. Lt. Gen. Wil liam N. Haskell, and State Democratic Chairman James A. Farley. The two men dispatched con gratulatory messages to a West ern Union office last night, but the company said it couldn't send them because a Board of War Communications order for bids the word ‘'congratulations” in telegrams. The messages were mailed. By GOULD LINCOLN. Sweeping Republican victories were scored in yesterday's scat tered State and municipal elec tions, giving the GOP courage for the presidential and congres sional elections next year. Wendell L. Willkie. Republican candidate for President in 1940; Re publican National Chairman Harri son B. Spangler and House Minority Leader Martin viewed the results as presaging a Republican victory in the 1944 elections. The foremost victory was that of Republican State Senator Joe R. Hanley, whose margin in the contest for Lieutenant Governor of New York was approximately 360.000. While Mr. Hanley was expected to defeat U. Gen. William N. Haskell. Democrat, by 100.000 votes, the actual result as surprising. In 8.907 of 8.987 precincts the vote was: Hanley, 1,824.903, and Haskell, 1.483.570. Former Gov. Walter E. Edge of New Jersey, the Republican candi date for Governor of that State, ran as expected, winning by about 125.000. This gives the Republicans 25 Governors out of a total of 46, reducing the Democrats to 23. The complete vote: Edge. Repute lican. 631.352 and Vincent J. Mur phy, Democrat. 510.318. Kentucky Race Close. In Kentucky, the Republican surge showed the Republican candi date for Governor running right on the heels of his Democratic oppo nent. As this is written, the final outcome is still in doubt, though a Democratic victory is indicated by a narrow margin. Normally Ken tucky is a strongly Democratic State. In 2.499 of 4.277 precincts the vote was. T. Lyter Donaldson. Democrat, 174.753 and Simeon G. Willis, Re publican, 163.531. Philadelphia, which President Roosevelt carried in 1940 with a lead of 177.000 over Mr. Willkie and which was won by Republican Gov. Edward J. Martin last year by a scant 157 votes, elected a Republican mayor. Bernard Samuel, over former Am bassador William C. Bullitt, Demo crat. with a lead of 63.000. The complete vote: Samuel. 343, 807; Bullitt. 280.467. and Jules C. Abercamp. Independent, 14,251. The only Statewide contest in Pennsylvania was for a judge of the Superior Court. The Repub lican candidate. Judge Claude T. Reno, led his Democratic opponent. Common Pleas Judge Curtis Bok of Philadelphia, 230.000 votes with one fourth of the State still to report. Jeffries Wins In Detroit. In Detroit Mayor Edward Jeffries, Republican, has won re-election over Frank FitzGerald, Democrat and labor-supported candidate. The election there is nonpartisan. The vote in all 1,057 precints; Jef fries, 207,799, and FitzGerald, 175, 817. r nomas a. Aureho. repudiated by both the Democratic and Republican party organizations after he had been placed on both ballots, because of his pledge of “undying loyalty" to Frank Costello, gambler and slot machine king, was elected a judge of the New York Supreme Court, :over Matthew M. Levy, American : Labor with Democratic support, and George Frankenthaler. Republican. The contest was in Manhattan and j the Bronx. Mr. Aurelio's name re mained on the Democratic and Re publican ballots, despite efforts to get it off. His victory is explained oy the large number of “straight" ballots cast by Democrats and Re publicans. The vote -was: Aurelio, 267,349; Levy. 217.507, and Franken thaler, 140,767. The American Labor party's claim i that it held the balance of power jin New York State contests was ef j fectually proved to be untrue in the (election of the lieutenant governor. I Mr. Hanley had the support of the I State Federation of Labor, an AFL organization. The American Labor (See ELECflONS7PageA-18.) " Scuttling of Conte Verde At Shanghai Confirmed I By the Associated Press. | PORT ELIZABETH, South Africa, (Nov. 3.—Eyewitness confirmation jthat the 18,000-ton Italian passenger (liner Conte Verde was scuttled by her crew at Shanghai after the Italian capitulation was brought here today by passengers on the exchange ship Gripsholm. When the Japanese exchange ship Teia Maru left Shanghai September 20. passengers could see the Conte Verde lying on her side. Shipping men said she was so cleverly scut tled she will be useless except for scrap.