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Warmer tonight; rain and cooler tomorrow. Temperatures today—Highest. 57. at 1:30 p.m.; lowest, 36, at 6:50 a.m. Yes terday—Highest, 56, at 4:20 p.m.; low est, 40, at 7:55 a.m. _Late New York Markets, Page A-19. _ Guide for Readers Page. Amusements A-14 Comics .B-22-23 Editorials ...... A-10 Edit'l Articles..A-ll Finance ... A-18-19 Lost and Found A-3 Page. ! Obituary _A-12 ; Radio .B-23 Society..B-3 ‘Sports_A-16-17 Where to Go . B-18 iWoman's Page_B-ll An Associated Press Newjpoper 91st TEAE. No. 36,346. WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 1943—FORTY-FOUR PAGES. *** Washington ft*tt'ott,t7' pttvtci Elsewhere and Suburbs 1 FIVE CENTS New Drive Against Japs Mapped AtChungking, President Reveals; Allies Smash Deeper Into Italy U. S., Britain and China Agree on Offensive Plans By J. A. FOX. President Roosevelt announced today that American, British and Chinese miltary leaders, meeting in Chungking, have mapped a campaign in the Far East that means bad news for the Japa nese. The Chief Executive told his press conference that the Chungking con ferees included Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell, commanding general of American forces in India. Burma and China; Maj. Gen. Claire L. Chennault, commander of the Unit ed States 14th Air Force: Lt. Gen. Brehon B. Somervell, Army Service Forces commander; Lord Louis Mountbatten. commander of the Al lied command in Southeastern Asia and Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, the Chinese leader, and his aides. While the President was unwilling to go into details, he said the meet ing dealt with strategy and other matters. He agreed that the pres ence there of Gen. Somervell meant that the question ai supplies figured in the deliberations. Gen. Somervell has returned to the United States and was at the White House this morning. He told newspapermen the conference lasted about five days/ inner .Meetings Abroad. Mr. Roosevelt also told reporters that the Moscow’ postwar peace agreement undoubtedly will lead to other United Nations meetings abroad, but that the question of his own prospective conference with Marshal Stalin and Prime Minister Churchill still was undecided. He added he was still very anxious to meet Stalin because it was always a good thing to know the other fellow’. The other meetings he referred to. he said, would be of the two com missions set up at the Moscow con ference and that of the Mediterra nean commission and a second com mission set up in London. The President emphasized the Chungking meeting had been ex tremely successful and that the par ticipants were in complete agree ment on all points. Tire conference is viewed here as a follow-up to the Roosevelt Churchill meeting in Quebec when it was announced that definite plans had been made for intensifying the war against the Japanese. Pleased With Advances. In this connection, incidentally, the President spoke with satisfaction of the advances that the American forces now' are making in the Pacific, stressing that with American troops ashore at Bougainville they are that much nearer to the all-important Japanese base at Rabaul. The President spoke of that action ss a continuation of the successful whittling away—the attrition process —that is bring used against the Jap anese and while, he said, the Bougainville occupation does involve a continuation of the island-hopping strategy, it doesnt mean that we are committed to that policy. The operation at Bougainville, he added, is aimed at knocking out Rabaul. The President was asked if the Moscow conference meant any change in the status of Gen. George C. Marshall. Army Chief of Staff, who has been reported likely to be come commander in chief of Anglo American forces, but he said it did not. He was asked why Austria was selected for a special treatment in the Moscow meeting which agreed that Austria is to be liberated from German domination. The President said he would have to await the re (See-ROOSHVELT, Page A-3. > French Refuse to Heed Iripower Decisions Won't Recognize Board Set Up at Moscow (Picture on Page A-3.) By the Associated Press. ALGIERS. Nov. 5.—The French Committee of National Liberation announced today it would refuse, to consider as binding the decisions of the tripower London commission set up by the Moscow conference. A committee statement, issued after lengthy discussions of French foreign policy, said: "It seems to the French Commit tee of National Liberation that tire fate of Germany and her allier can not be examined and brought to proper conclusion without the par ticipation of Frence. "Therefore, the committee must make known that decisions that might be taken concerning this sub ject would only engage France if she had participated in them under conditions conforming to her in terests and those of all her Allies, and also taking into account French sacrifices fo rthat common cause.” France was not invited to partici pate in the Moscow conference. Winners Pay $217.20, $13.60; Double $884.30 Special Dispatch to The Star. PIMLICO. Md., Nov. 5.—With the possibility of a record in sight here today after Bark won the first race and paid $217.20, his coupling with Roziante, winneffof the second race, proved a popular combination and reduced the daily double pay off to f 884.30. Roziante, however, paid $13.60 to Win. I ___ High Naval Officials Expect Series of Battles in Solomons Jap Fleet Must Fight or Abandon 30,000 to 40,000 Men on Bougainville By VERN HAUGLAND, Associated Press War Correspondent. ADVANCE SpUTH PACIFIC ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Nov. 5.—The Empress Augusta Bay battle is expected to touch off a series of naval engagements in the Northern Solomons area, high-ranking naval officers said today, “The waters between the west I coast of Bougainville and Rabaul ; (strategic enemy oase on New Brit-, | aim probably will be the scene of, ;other skirmishes unless the Japs de jcide to leave their 30,000 to 40,000.' troops on Bougainville to their fate! and that's hardly conceivable," said, | one associate of Admiral William F. Halsey, jr., South Pacific com mander. "But all of our naval engagements since the beginning of the New Georgia campaign prove that we now dominate the sea as well as the air. "We are strong enough to feel confident even though our supply lines are more exposed than ever.” Admiral Halsey said he was de lighted with the outcome of Tues day's battle. And well he might be with a Japanese cruiser and four destroyers sunk, two cruisers and two destroyers damaged. The Allies .suffered no losses and amazingly light casualties. The Japanese force first ap proached Bougainville early Monday ContinuecLon Page A-18, Column 4) U. 5. Heavy Bombers Hammer Targets in Western Germany Night Assault by RAF Mosquitos Follows Record 24-Hour Raid By the Associated Press. LONDON, Nov. 5—American Flying Fortresses and Liberators, escorted by Thunderbolts and Lightnings, blasted targets in Western Germany today, while medium Marauder bombers at tacked targets in Northern France. United States 8th Air Force headquarters announced. The daylight assault came within a few hdurs after RAF Mosquito bombers hit the same general area last night in the wake of the most devastating 24-hour punches yet thrown at the Reich. There was no official indication of the size of today's force, but on the basis of Wednesday’s 2.000-ton day light attack on Wilhelmshaven by about 1,000 American bombers and escorting fighters, A seemed likely that the new' operation, coupled with the RAF’s 2,000-ton attack on Dues seldorf Wednesday night, would boost the total tonnage loosed on the enemy within the last 48 hours to a new peak. The Nazis' failure to take any ap preciable toll of bombers in the Wed nesday raid apparently led them to put increased emphasis on anti aircraft today. The great barrage of flak which met the Fortresses and Liberators as they swept into Germany was "so thick we sometimes couldn’t see the ship ahead,” said Lt. Robert Mahan of Rochester, N. Y. Escorting Thunderbolts and Light nings "took all the fighting that was offered and kept the Germans pretty well away, added another pilot, Lt. Harry Wayland of Knox ville, Tenn. Flyers reported encountering only single-engine fighters. "We only saw' about 50 fighters but they were determined. Lt. Ber nard Beckman of Toledo, Ohio, com mented. “The flak was as bad as that at Hamburg, said a veteran squadron commander, Maj. G. G. Shackley of Greenwood Lake. N. Y. "But there was a skyful of forts and fighters and they kept the Germans pretty W'ell away. We had very few' at tacks. Fires Burning in Duesseldorf. Last night's returning Mosquito flyers said fires still burned in Dues seldorf from the attack in which ex plosives were dropped at the rate of 74 tons a minute. The highest pre vious rate was 51 tons a minute over Hamburg. (Swiss dispatches gave these figures today on Allied bombings of Germany: (There are now 8.000.000 bomb victims homeless in Germany: 152,000 persons have been killed in Hamburg bombings and 42.000 in attacks on Kassel: 3,000 were (See RAIDS. Page A-3.) Reds Win Area East Of Dnieper, Claiming 2,700,000 Casualties 900,000 Nazis Killed In Summer Drive, Russians Declare BULLETIN. LONDON PPt.—The Berlin radio said tonight that Rus sian forces had rammed their way into the Eastern Crimean port of Kerch, but had been beaten back from the city. The Germans say the Rus sians have bridgeheads on two sides of the city. By the Associated Press. MOSCOW, Nov. 5.—The Rus sians held virtually every foot of land east of the Dnieper today from its mouth below Kherson and along its 650-mile course through the heart of the Ukraine north to Gomel as the prize of their summer campaign, which they said bled the Germans of 2.700.000 casualties. Marshal Stalin's resume of four violent months of combat listed 900.000 Germans killed, '98,000 cap tured and 1.702.000 wounded, thus hoisting German casualties claimed by Russia to an astronomical 11, 000.000, of which the Russians said 5.000,0000 were dead. Swift sweeps over the Black Sea sands of the Southern Ukraine brought the Cossacks to the river banks opposite Kherson, 65 miles northwest of the sealed-off Crimea. Official maps published today showed the Russians in possession of all the east side of the Dnieper from Gomel to Zauuezhe in the bend. South of Zaporozhex the only German holdings east of the Dnieper are limited to the Crimea, a thin strip 52 miles long opposite Nikopol, and a minute bit of land in the Dnieper delta due south of Kherson. (Moscow said nothing of the Crimea, but the Berlin radio said "German troops were engaged in heavy fighting on beach heads south and east of Kursk and on the northern approaches to the Crimea." The Germans said a tank battle was being fought near Perekop and "in another sector (See RUSSIA. Page A-2.J Nazi Landing on Leros Reported Thrown Back By the Associated Press. ANKARA. Nov. 5.—Dispatches from Bodrum on the Turkish coast reported today that Allied troops holding the Dodecanese island of Leros had thrown back an attempted German sea-borne landing. The Allies took approximately 70 prisoners and the Germans with drew. leaving 100 dead on the beaches, the dispatches said. The reported attack followed a series of almost daily bombing as saults on the island. Truman Report Warns Army On Demobilization Delay Recovery of Part of Lease-Lend Goods From England and Russia Also Urged By J. A. O’LEARY. Military leaders were warned today by the Truman Committee that any effort to solve the post war employment problem by holding men in uniform and keeping war contracts going longer than is necessary for war purposes would mean an unau thorized new WPA. As part of a general postwar eco nomic program, the committee also suggested consideration be given to obtaining from England and Russia replacement of some of the raw materials this country is now fur nishing under lease-lend. It also urged steps be taken to protect the United States from an inter national rubber monopoly in future. To convert American industry back to peacetime operation, the committee also proposed: That Congress determine how war contracts should be terminated: that the Joint chiefs of staff constantly 1 review military needs to eliminate contracts for equipment and sup plies as soon as possible; that there is no longer the need for having large backlogs of raw materials on hand in industry as existed at the start of the war; that the Govern ment prepare to sell or lease to pri vate industry after the war the plants built by the Government, and that plans be made now to supple ment through Government loans the working capital private industries will need in the postwar period be yond the amounts they can obtain from banks. •'The committee has noted sug gestions, particularly by Army offi cials in public speeches, that the War Department will not release soldiers from the Army until it be lieves that industry is ready to pro vide them with jobs and that it will continue its war contracts until in dustry is ready to make a transi tion.'1 the report observed. “Such (See TRUMAN, Page A-4.) ' American Forces Are Reported in Venafro Outskirts (Map on Page A-4.) By the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Algiers, Nov. 5.—Moving with hard, swift punches deeper into Central Italy over the collapsed ! Massico-Trigno River defense ! line, Allied 5th and 8th Armies advanced in all sectors, Allied headquarters said today. The fall of Venafro, one of the two inland highway centers which held the line together, was believed imminent. i The BBC correspondent in Algiers said American troops “are fighting in the outskirts of Venafro."1 The 5th Army followed up the 8th Army's capture of Isernia. the other highway hub in the demol ished line, by smashing through German positions to reach the vicin ity of the Garigliano River, 80 miles south of Rome. Its low banks had been flooded by the Germans to de lay the pursuit. Destroyers Shell Germans. On the Allied right flank, Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery's 8th Army routed enemy resistance in the San Salvo area after several days of fierce battling and captured that town and railway station with the assistance of the British de troyers Queensborough and Raider, which shelled the Germans out of their holes. In the Montemitro area, about 12 miles inland from the Adriatic, Gen. Montgomery's British and Cana dians made further crossings of the Trigno River and prepared to ex ploit the advantageous position Nazis Report Repulse Of Allied Landings On Adriatic Coast By the Associated Press. LONDON, Nov. 5.—'Tile Ger man high command said today in a communique broadcast from Berlin that an Allied landing attempt had been made in the Pescara area, 40 miles northwest of the British 8th Army’s present position on the Adriatic, in an apparent re newal of Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery's leapfrog tactics. The communique said a sec ond landing attempt also had been made in the "area of Is tonia." but declared both at tempts were defeated by coastal artillery and that one motor torpedo boat was sunk. More than 30 Allied tanks were destroyed in recent days' fighting, the Germans said. gained when the fall of Isernia cut the Germans off from the westward road connections with their right wing. Making further inroads in the center. American units crossed the upper Volturno River where it bends northeastward in front of Venafro, capturing all high ground dominat ing the upper valley, while other forces to the east seized San Agapito, 3 miles south of Isernia. and Car pinone. 6 miles east of Isernia. New Air Force in Action. In an aerial offensive the new United States 15th Air Force joined with the United States 12th Air Force and the RAF in smashing German communications. Fortresses bombed the west coast railway at numerous places between Leghorn and Civitavecchia, north of Rome, interrupting service on that important supply artery. Bomb carrying P-38 Lightnings made simultaneous assaults on the rail way viaduct at Terni. north of Rome, scoring direct hits on that key junction. RAF Wellingtons, following up these blows, pounded the freight yards at Orte. 53 miles north of Rome and a short distance south west of Terni. and sent flames leap ing into the sky. The yards lie in a bend of the Tiber where the Civita vecchia-Ancona route crosses the Rojne-Florence main railway. Locomotives Bombed. Clouds of steam rose from the punctured boilers of three locomo tives on sidings at Avezzano, north of Isernia, after a Spitfire raid which hit the locomotive shea and many cars. A choice target—more thaif 100 enemy motor vehicles moving from the battlefront along the Avezzano Isola road—was strafed and at least 16 vehicles were left smoldering. Warhawks strafed two motor ves sels off the Adriatic coast near Pineto amt attacked enemy motor 'See ITALY, Page A^iT) President Turns Off Election Question By Reply on War President Roosevelt was asked at his news cortference today if he had any comment on Tues days election in which the Democrats suffered setbacks in New' York, Kentucky, New Jersey and Philadelphia. He replied that his only com ment is that he has been very much interested in the returns from Italy, the Southwest Pacific and the Chinese theater of war. That broke up the conference as newsmen joined the Presi dent in laughing. (Kentucky Election Story on Page A-3.) Businessmen Leading As War Fund Workers Drive for Final Goal Total Donations Reach $4,019,333; Lord Halifax Presents $28,000 Check (Campaign Report on Page A-18.1 Businessmen took the lead over all other Community War Fund solicitors in the city today as i they collected all but 8 per cent of their quota of $1,350,000. Total contributions, meanwhile, climbed to $4,019,333—83.7 per cent of the $4,800,000 goal. More than $28,000 of this total was presented yesterday by Lord Halifax, British Ambassador, on be half of employes of the British mis sions, the British Embassy. Indian Agency General and Dominion mis j sions. "I know what you are doing for iinv country in the way of mobile : kitchens, ambulances and other 'gifts through British War Relief,” j the Ambassador said as he gave the (Check to Coleman Jennings, cam paign chairman. “They are precious to us. not qqIv for their intrinsic value, but also for something more precious—the encouragement, thought and sym pathy of the American people.” His countrymen working here are glad to contribute to a cause, he said, which covers so many phases of the “great task” of war service. This year. Lord Halifax declared, success of the drive means nursery schools at home. United Service Organization Clubs in Iceland, relief ships to Greece and ambulances in the United Kingdom. In addition, he said, War Prisoners' Aid though the fund gives relief to Allied pris oners all over the world. Lord Halifax spoke at a large re port meeting of solicitors in the United States Chamber of Com merce. Gains reported at that time revealed that the Business and Finance Division, made up of solici tors in large private business offices, is ahead of seven other divisions with 92 per cent of its quota col lected. It has reported contribu tions of $1,240,885 out of a total of $1,350,000. Other divisions in Washington stand as follows: Advance Gifts, 89 per cent of quota; Government, 82 per cent, and Metropolitan. 64 per cent. Fairfax County leads sub urban districts with 61 per cent; Prince Georges, 59 per cent; Mont gomery, 56 per cant, and Arlington,1 35.9 per cent. Mr. Jennings hopes to get the remaining 16 per cent of the fund goal by next Friday, he said. Report meetings have been scheduled for 12:30 p.m. Wednesday and Friday at the United States Chamber of Commerce. Allan Hersholt Divorced LOS ANGELES, Nov. 5 UP).—Os&\ Massen, Evanish screen player, was granted a divorce yesterday from Allan Hersholt, film-writing son of Actor Jean Hersholt. She testified their life was a round of “quarrel ing and arguing." Army Takes Over Jap Center In Effort to Halt Violence Tanks and Hundreds of Troops Surround 15,000 Disloyal Nipponese at Tule Lake P> ?hf Associated Presg. « TULELAKE, Calif., Nov. 5 —1 Tanks, armored cars and hun dreds of troops surrounded 15.000 Japanese in a segregation center today in a forceful move to end recurring violence. Acting to meet new threats to the 250 Caucasian administrative per sonnel of this segregation center for disloyalists, the Army tooK over the entire portion outside of the internees' barracks city itself. Five hundred asserted trouble makers were rounded up by troops with fixed bayonets at the cost of injuries to a score of persons, and work went forward rapidly on the construction of a high, barred-wire fence to separate the hundreds of barracks from other buildings at the center. It was in this newly-protected area that from 4.000 to 8.000 internees Monday massed around the adminis tration building, and held virtually ^eseiged for nearly four hours several score Caucasians, including Dillon Myer. national director of the War Relocation Authority. A dozen administration employes are repotted to have resigned in feai of more violent, uprisings. _Thejlapanese today milled aboui < See TULE LAKE. Page ,A-37f“ Senate Bloc Presses For Final Vote Today On Moscow Pacts Connally Resolution Redrafted to Indorse Administration Policy Bs' the Associated Press. Brushing aside eleventh-hour, amendments. Senate sponsors-of a broad international collabora tion declaration today pushed for a final roll call which would, in effect, countersign significant portions of the Moscow agree ments. With overwhelming approval pre-; dieted, a bipartisan majority evi denced determination to quash any further changes in the Connally res-! olution. now revamped after nearly two weeks of debate to approve the pledge already made by Secretary j of State Hull in the Russian capital —United States co-operation in "a general international organization! * * * for the maintenance of inter national peace and security." Marked for discard among the proposed changes was one by Sena tor McClellan. Democrat, of Arkan sas to substitute the House-approved Fulbright resolution for a portion of the Connally measure. Barkley Predicts Approval. Once this and a half dozen other amendments are disposed of. Ma jority Leader Barkley said he was confident the Senate would adopt the resolution with no more than 10 opposition votes. The action would place the Senate on record as notifying the world its present members favor: Prosecution of the war until "complete victory” is attained, co-operation with the Allies to obtain a "just and honor able peace,” and the establishment of international authority with pow er to prevent aggression. To this was added, as an after math of the Moscow four-power agreement, the statement that the Senate recognizes the necessity of (See POSTWAR~PageTA-lF)~ j Exchanged U. S. Prisoners Say Germans Fear Control by Reds Recently exchanged soldier prison ers of war revealed today at a Walter Reed Hospital press confer ence that such people in Germany as hospital orderlies and nurses are wondering whether the British and Americans are goirig to allow Russia to take over Germany. “They don’t come right out with it,” said one, “but they hint at it in so many words.” Twelve wounded Americans back from German prison camps laughed and joked in the hospital conference room about painful experiences, while newsreel cameras ground and reporters scribbled. There were two other prisoners in the group who arrived here this week, but their wounds kept them confined to their beds. First to tell his story was Second Lt, Glen M. Harrington, 29. navigator on a Fortress whose neatly-pressed left trouser leg was hanging empty. Lt. Harrington was clerking in a Sears-Roebuck store in Ogden, Utah, before Pearl Harbor. He told of a flight to Saint Naz&ire, and of bailing out of his burning plane after he was wounded. “I hit the water about 100 yards off shore. The French population was lined up on the beach, watch ing me come down. I pulled the string on my Mae West and just lay there. A German patrol boat picked me up after 30 minutes. They cut off my clothes and wrapped me in blankets. They took me to a hos pital. once ashore. At a second hos pital I was operated on. “I was in several hospitals in Ger many and finally at a convalescent place, and then went on to a camp for American Air Force officers only, Stalag Luft No. 3.” Lt. Harrington said the German food ration was sufficient to get along on, “but not for very long.” “Potatoes, potatoes, potatoes,” one of the former prisoners interjected. It was brought out then how Amer icans held in Germany depend on supplemental Red Cross parcels. Lt. Harrington said that he and I his fellow officers studied philosophy I (See PRISONERS, Page A-12.) De Marigny Denies Anger Kept Him From Speaking to Oakes Corrects His Testimony Regarding No Exchange After Last March By the Associated Press. NASSAU. Bahamas, Nov. 5 — Alfred de Marigny. returning to the witness stand to face cross examination, testified today he was not angry at the father-in law he is accused of killing, the multimillionaire Sir Harry Oakes. Before turning De Marigny over to the crown for questioning. Chief Justice Sir Oscar Bedford Daly read his longhand account of the testi mony given yesterday when De Marigny flatly denied that he bludgeoned and burned Sir Harry to death last July. It was in correcting the account that De Marigny denied he was angry with Sir Harry, with whom he admitted having altercations. The chief justice had reached the part of the testimony in which De Marigny said he did not speak to his tatlftr-in-law after last March 30. Had No Opportunity to Speak. The witness said Sir Harry came to his home at 4 a.m. and made his young son, now Sir Harry, leave with him, and “I never spoke to him after that.” “Your honor, said De Marigny, in terrupting the reading, “I should like to change that to show I never had an opportunity or occasion to speak to him again.” "Oh, you were not angry,” asked the chief justice. "You just never had an opportunity to speak to him?” "That's right, sir,” replied the ac cused man. The husband of Sir Harry's daugh ter Nancy sat calmly tnrough the reading, leaning his arms on the rail of the witness box-. Defense Attorneys Godfrey Higgs and W. E. A. Callender watchecKwith casual interest. AO indication if Wife Will Testify. There still was no indication whether Nancy, who is steadfast in her belief in her husband's inno cence, would testify. De Marigny deliberately elected to face crass examination when he de cided to testify under oath. With a sarcastic tone, Attorney General Eric Hailinan asked De Marigny why he was popularly known here as “Count De Marigny.” “Because in New York my wife Ruth, against my will, called me by my title, which I never used but which is recorded on both sides of my family,” Be Marigny replied. “In Nassau, I asked the newspapers never to refer to me as count." “What is your father's name?" Mr. Hallinan inquired. “Alfred Foquereaux." “Where did you get the name De Marigny?” “Prom my mother.” “Why did you not keep your fa ther's name?” Letter to Banker Read. “Because when I saw my mother for the first time I was 18 years old and she asked me to use her name.” It was in a meeting on a tennir court on the Island of Mauritius, in the Indian Ocean, that De Marigny (See OAKES. Page A-18.) WLB Expected To Ratify Raise Of Miners Today Thousands Remain Away From Pits Pending Decision By the Associated Press. The War Labor Board today continued to wrestle, without a decision, over the coal mine wage agreement worked out between John L. Lewis and Fuel Adminis trator Ickes as spotty production was resumed in the fields in expectation of WLB approval. The board failed during a morn ing session to bring out a ruling on the proposed contract between the Government and the United Mine [Workers, providing for earnings in creases and designed to end the re cent general walkouts. But when a recess for lunch was taken, an offi cial spokesman said a vote was ex pected during the afternoon. The reports were that WLB was ready to assent to the agreement. The board was ready to ballot lata yesterday, but adjourned overnight when a question arose over the prac tical application of the hourly rates to men who are paid by the ton or other piecework basis. The agreement would give bitu minous miners $8.50 for an 8?*-hour day, including 45 minutes for under ground travel time. The anthracite wage scale is similar, except that the working day is 7!4 hours and there is no provision for travel time. It was understood the vote prob ably would have been 11 for ap proval, with one public member dis senting. The board members cus tomarily vote by blocs. The indus try, labor and public groups each have four votes and a split within any group is unusual. If industry members should decide to vote "no." the wage plan would be imperiled because not even three public mem !oer votes are committed definitely to 'approval. Disapproval probably would pre cipitate another crisis, while assent probably would write finis to the exciting chapters of the 1943 coal story. The questions of higher prices and restoration of the mines I to their private owners still remain I to be worked out. Government officials estimated [that production was 40,000,000 tons benind schedule this year, and this might go to 45,000.000 tons. Most mines will not reach normal pro duction until next week. Full Production by Monday. In some outlying places t-h* back jto-work Instructions of the UMW leadership were slow to arrive. In other cases the local unions planned meetings first to take votes. There seemed little doubt, however, that nearly all the men would be back by Monday unless unfavorable ac tion of the wage scale upsets the delicate situation. In the mine fields the sitation was: Pennsylvania—Approximately 12, ! 500 soft coal mmers were com mitted to work today, leaving 105,000 | still idle. Little more than 1.000 i anthracite miners were on the job and most of the 80.000 others are ! expected to return Monday. | Partial operations were reported ; in the soft coal “captive” pits of ! Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp.. Beth lehem Steel, Republic and United States Steel. J. & L. said 80 per cent of the 2-840 miners in its four pits reported, a'nd the same percentage was back in Weirton Steel's mine. Some Locals to Meet. | A canvass of operators revealed | that 100 per cent production is not expected to begin in the area's 1,220 bituminous coal mines before Mon day. Some UMW locals have not : scheduled meetings until tomorrow ;or Sunday to take back-to--work votes. j Alabama—A full-fledged back-to Iwork movement was under way. j Operators of the 18 big industrial mines in the State reported crews ranging from 25 to 60 per cent of j normal at 15 shafts. These 18 mines employ approximately half of the State's 22,000 union miners. West Virginia — Between 30.000 and 40.000 of 110,000 striking miners joined the slow return to work, but coal men estimated production would not exceed 25 per cent of daily | capacity, pointing out that many of | those returning are slate pickers, track repairmen and the like. The (See COAL, Page A-3J President Names Five To Study Living Costs Wants Complete Report On Desk in 60 Days By the Associated Press. A War Labor Board committee to investigate the cost of living and report in 60 days was appointed by President Roosevelt today with WLB Chairman William H. Davis as its | head and representative of the ' public. George Meany, AFL secretary treasurer, and R. J. Thomas, presi dent of the CIO United Automobile Workers, were named to represent labor and H. B. Horton, treasurer of the Chicago Bridge & Iron Co., and George K. Batt, vice president of j Dugan Bros., as other representatives of the public. Many persons, the President said, think of the cost of living only in terms of food. He added that such costs vary in regions, and that the overall cost includes rent, clothing and recreation. He expressed the hope that this committee will make a quick survey to clarify for the public what the cost of living means. The appointment of the commit tee follows a promise the President made recently to labor leaders— members of his Labor War Board— who insisted that Labor Depart ment living cost figures are not accurate.