Newspaper Page Text
Weather Forecast Increasing cloudiness, not quite so cool tonight; rain and cooler tomorrow. Temperatures today—Highest, 58, at 1 p.m.; lowest, 40, at 6:16 a.m. Yes terday—Highest, 59, at 3:15 p.m.; low est, 36, at 6:50 a m. Closing N. Y. Morkets—Soles, Pogc B-5. Guide for Readers rage., Amusements _ -B-12 Churches_A-9-11 Comics_B-10-11 Editorials _A-6 Edit'l Articles „A-7 Finance _ B-5 Page. Lost and Found-A-3 Obituary ..B-4 Radio _B-1J. Real Estate . _.B-l-3 Society --_ A-9 Sports _ A-J2 An Associated Press Newspaper 91st YEAR. No. 36,347. WASHINGTON, T). 0., SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 6, 1943—TWENTY-FOUR PAGES. Washington TTTRTT'R1, rTTVTC? Elsewhere ** and Suburbs -L-tlrtiliJli FIVE CENTS KIEV FALLS TO REDS AFTER SURPRISE ATTACK Way Open for Drive Into Poland; Allies in Italy Take 2 Key Points Germans Report Yielding City To Avoid Trap TM the Associated Press. LONDON, Nov. 6.—Kiev ha? fallen to the victorious Russian Army, Premier Marshal Stalir announced today in a special order of the day. The great triumph opened the floodgates for a Red Army charge into Poland and the restive Balkans The key Dnieper River bastion *nd ancient capital of the Russians fell to Soviet columns which had been poised above and below the city for weeks after the Soviet of fensive carried to the river barrier The great cathedral city fell barely 48 hours after the Russians launched a surprise attack against the northern and western suburbs from their bridgehead base on the •west, bank of the Dnieper, 16 miles to the north. Nans Announce Evacuation. The German high command had announced a few hours previously That the great fortress had been evacuated, with German troops pulling out under the threat ol encirclement. The German announcement, broadcast from Berlin, also said that other Soviet columns had re newed their attacks on both sides of the Kerch Straits in the Eastern Crimea, and against the Perekop Isthmus, the northern entry to that peninsula. Premier Stalin's announcement termed the assault which drove the Nazis from the ancient fortress “a gallant, outflanking maneuver” which »t daybreak "captured by storm the capital of the Soviet Ukraine, the town of Kiev, vital industrial center and most important strategic center of German resistance on the right flank of the Dnieper.” It also termed the capture of the "greatest importance in driving the Germans from the Western Ukraine.” Single Escape Route. Breaching two German defense lines guarding Kiev, the Russians outflanked the enemy's positions on the west and north, leaving only « single escape route to the south west open. ft was this route which the Ger mans evidently used t,o complete the evacuation of the city. Announcement of the Russian oc cupation of this third largest city of the Soviet Union and capital of the Ukraine, which was captured by the Germans exactly three months after i he Nazi armies crossed the Russian borders, came on the eve of the 26th anniversary of the Soviet revolution and climaxed the victorious Red Army s gigantic autumn campaign. Last Natural Defense Line. Moscow dispatches said it was be lieved there weie 14 German di visions in and around the city when the final assault was launched Thursday. The Germans now have no impor tant natural defense line between Kiev and the former Polish frontier, just 120 miles to the west. The fall of Kiev vastly enhances the possibility that the Red Army wall be able to cut in two the rem nants of the German armies still in Southern Russia. Kiev, with four main railway lines 'See RUSSIA, Page A-2.J 1.800 Workers Idle At Republic Steel Blooming Mill Laborers Protest Safety Conditions »r ihc Associated Press. BUFFELO, N. Y., Nov. 6.—At least 1.800 employes of the Republic Steel Corp.'s Buffalo plant were idle to day, the third day of a walkout of 375 Blooming mill employes in pro test against what they termed “un safe working practices.” David R. Sneddon, president of Republic Local 1743, United Steel workers of America (CIO), reported the total of idle workers was 2,200. Mr. Sheddon, who called the Blooming mill walkout unauthor ized, asserted most of the employes had been told by the company that there was no work for them as a result of the stoppage. Frank C. Farrell, company district manager, declared the walkout had resulted in a halt of steel production. Mr. Farrell maintained the com pany had been unable to find any evidence of “unsafe working condi tions.” He said the walkout, which began Thursday night, was a “direct violation of the union's contract, which states there shall be no strikes.” Mr. Sheddon attributed the walk out to a dispute which, he said, be gan when three hot-bed employes of the Blooming mill refused to handle red-hot billets because of what they contend were unsatisfac tory safety precautions. Heavy Quake Recorded; Believed in East Indies B? the Associated Press. WESTON, Mass., Nov. 6.—A “very strong” earthquake, about 9,730 miles from Boston and probably in the Banda Sea, East Indies, was re corded on the seismograph at Weston College today. The Rev. Daniel F. Linehan, S. J„ seismologist, reported that the quake was first recorded at 4:48:30 a.m. and apparently was still going on three hours later. Japanese Sending 5 Convoys Of Reinforcements to Solomons Allied Air Patrols Sight 53 Ships, Drop First BombjS of Big Battle By »he Associated Press. • Japanese reinforcements poured into the New Britain Solomons area today in an effort to check repeated Allied suc cesses. Allied aerial scouts counted 53 Japanese warships and cargo vessels in five convoys steaming from the fortress island of Truk toward heavily bombed Rabaul, kev to the island empire's southeastern de fenses. This is exactly the. same number of ships listed as sunk or damaged by American bombers and warships in the New Britain-Solo mons area this week. Enemy reinforcements being poured into the Allied target area I are needed to replace the 26 ships sunk and 27 damaged since Sunday night, including eight warships sunk and nine damaged. They are needed to supply or rescue some 30, 000 Japanese troops on Bougainville Island, their last foothold in the Solomons, where American Marines were mopping up and consolidating their positions on Empress Augusta Bay. Arrival of this fleet will be the signal for more aerial bombard ments and probably new sea en gagements. Already the first bombs have hit one of the convoys in what shapes up as likely to be the most violent action since a 22-ship enemy con voy w'as destroyed by Allied planes last March in the Bismarck Sea off New Guinea. Southwest Pacific headquarters reported today the spotting of the enemy fleet units by sky patrols and a spokesman made clear their every move is being w atched by this care ful listing: Nineteen ships—five heavy cruis ers, three light cruisers, five destroy ers, two corvettes, a whaling ship and three large freighters or trans ports—seen Thursday northwest of New Ireland. A Liberator shadowed and photographed this force for two hours. Nine ships—destroyers and pos 1 See PACIFIC! Page~A-2.) Mosquitos Follow Up Record U. 5. Attack On Two Ruhr Cities TO Heavy Bombers Lost From 700 in Fleet Of Over 1,000 Planes By the Associated Press. LONDON, Nov. 6.—British Mos quito bombers, in a quick follow up to a record American daylight attack yesterday on two Ruhr cities, attacked targets in West ern Germany last night, the Air Ministry announced today. The objectives attacked in the night assault were not immediately named, nor was there any hint of the size of the raiding force. Yesterday a huge fleet of Ameri can heavy bombers estimated at 700. loosing one of the heaviest air blows ever dealt to Western Germany, blasted industrial and rail targets at Gelsenkirchen and Muenster in the wake of a similar staggering assault on Wilhelmshaven. The sky armada, totaling more than 1,000 planes, including the fighter escort, bored through a wall of antiaircraft fire which one pilot said was "as intense as hell and as thick as raindrops" to reach its ob jectives. In the day's operations, w'hich included attacks on Northern Prance and Belgium, losses were 10 heavy bombers, two medium ones and five fighters, as against 38 enemy fighters. Five heavy bombers were lost in the Wilhelmshaven raid. The assault on Gelsenkirchen, where great synthetic oil works make that city a target almost as important as the Ploesti oil fields in Rumania, evidently was aimed at (See RAIDS, Page A-8.) Convicted Spy Awaits Sentence in New Jersey By the Associated Press. NEWARK, N. J.. Nov. 6,-John Da ■ Silva Purvis, 43-year-old Portuguese alien convicted by a Federal jury of espionage conspiracy, was in the Hudson County jail at Jersey City today awaiting sentence by United States District Judge Thomas F. Meanev. The maximum prison sentence is 50 years. Purvis received the. verdict with out display of emotion last night when the jury found him guilty after deliberating three hours and 45 minutes. • Judge Meaney w'as not present to receive the verdict. The Government charged Purvis received from Manuel Lopes, a counterespionage agent,, a letter from Gestapo agents in Lisbon. Portugual, containing 16 questions concerning movements of United States tioops. ^hips and supplies before the Allied invasion of North Africa. De Marigny Testifies He Received $110,000 From Former Wife Money Given to Him To Use os He Pleased, Nassau Court Told By the Associated Press. NASSAU, Bahamas, Nov. 6 — Alfred de Marigny, accused slay er of the multimillionaire Sir Harry Oakes, reported in Ba hamas Supreme Court today that he received about S110.000 from a former wife "to use as I pleased.” The tall defendant, the husband of Sir Hairy's daughter Nancy, made the statement from the witness stand when he returned to listen to the reading of his testimony denying he beat and burned Oakes to death last July. Sir Oscar Bedford Daly, the chief justice, and all others in the court room understood De Marigny to sav yesterday that he did not get £25,000 • about $110,000) from his second wife, Ruth Fahnestock de Darignv, from whom he was divorced before he married Nancy. Tells of Receiving Money. De Marigny stood nonchalantly on the witness stand while the judge went over his account of yesterday's cross-examination by Attorney Gen eral Eric Hallinan. "Did you receive £25,000 from Ruth?” asked the chief justice when he reached the record of testimony about De Marigny’s financial deal ings with his former wife. "I did receive the money,” De Marigny said, "to use as I pleased.” He leaned on the rail and pulled at an eyebrow while the reading continued. The chief justice asked to see a copy of a financial statement drawn up by De Marigny and Banker John H. Anderson to show to Ruth. All Amounts Not Drawn. After reading it. Sir Oscar asked whether it showed the defendant's financial condition. "Yes, sir,” replied De Marigny. "Does it snow the amount that Nancy advanced you, or that Vis delou held, or the value of the Gov ernor's Harbor property?” the jus tice asked. He referred to the transfer of sev eral thousand pounds to the account of the Marquis Georges de Visdelou. De Marigny's close fxiend, and to property which De Marigny said he owned at Governors Harbor. “No, your honor,” the witness ad mitted. The justice was visibly irked, and De Marigny explained that the statement was confined to the use of the £25.000, including £10,000 of a "separation agreement.” Sir Oscar had De Marigny read a letter he wrote last spring to Sir Harry's 16-vear-old son. now Sir ~<See OAKES~Page~A-27) Nazis Claim 'Enemy' Planes Dropped Bombs on Vatican By the Associated Press. LONDON, Nov. 6.—The German high command, repeating earlier broadcasts of the Berlin and Rome radios, asserted today that “enemy aircraft last night attacked Vatican City in Rome” but the Associated Press had no confirmation that any such attack had occurred. “Bomb hits caused destruction in the world-famous mosiac factory, as well as damage to the governor’s palace,” said the German communi que as broadcast from Berlin. It was recalled here the Allies in leaflets dropped on Rome had warned the world last July of the possibility of bombs being dropped on Vatican City intentionally by the Axis powers, who, it was said, were likely then to go to the radio and declare Allied aircraft had made the attack. The German Transocean News Agency said in a broadcast recorded by Reuters from Berlin that the attacking craft were Allied. Another broadcast by the German-controlled Rome radio, recorded by the Min istry of Information, made no men tion of the nationality of the planes. The Rome version asserted one bomb hit the famous Laboratorio Dei Mosaici, while another dropped near the palace of the governor and other bombs dropped within 100 yards of St. Peter’s Basilica. The Ministry of Information said the Vatican radio went off the air last night 50 minutes ahead of its usual time. The German report of ihe bomb ing drew a “no comment” from offi cial quarters in London. But it was pointed out, here that (See ROME, Page A-3.) Venafro and Vasto Captured by 5th And 8th Armies By the Associated Press, ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Al giers, Nov. 6.—Allied forces in Italy smashed away the last remnants of the Germans’ pow erful Massico Ridge-Trigno line in taking the key points of Vasto ion the Adriatic and Venafro in | the Upper Volturno Valley, it 'was announced todav. Forging ahead in the western sec tor, British patrols of the 5th Army crossed the Garigliano River to probe the new line which the enemy has formed north of there. Americans of the 5th Army drove I into the mountains after occupying Venafro in a tierce fight in the upper reaches of the Volturno, i The Germans attached such im portance to \his mountain fastness I that they threw a new division—the 1305th Infantry—into the first in a jiast-minute effort to save it, but jeven these fresh Nazi fighters from the north were routed by The Amer icans. Heavy Raid on Albania. In the air war, American medium bombers knocked out a large por tion of the German air forces op erating from Albania with a heavy raid yesterday on Beraf Kucove air field in the center of Albania. There now are five German di visions in battle on the 5th Army front, it was disclosed, and three opposing the 8th Army, In addition to a 5-mile surge up the Adriatic coast to take Vasto, 8th Army troops also made gains of a mile and a half in the region some 25 miles inland, capturing Pietracupa, Sessano and Duronia. The German.'*, who in recent days have been using tanks in the Adriatic coastal sector, resisted fiercely at Vasto, where their pro tective mountains run down to a shelf beside the sea. Along this shelf runs the coastal road to Pes cara—the back door to Rome. Troops Near Sangro River. In striking to Vasto, the 8th Army swept through San Salvo, where the Germans had held out more than a week, and on the basis <*f reports from the front this morning the British are within 15 miles of the Sangro River, where the Germans undoubtedly will attempt another stand. The Nazis still are resisting at some places along the north bank of the Trigno River, but their forces are threatened on both sides by Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery's troops, and they are not likely to stay much longer. The crossing of the Garigliano by British patrols was made near the 'Tyrrhenian coast, where the enemy flooded fields near the river. These patrols went into the hills north of the river to feel out German strength. No crossing of the Garigliano in mass has yet been achieved, an Allied officer said. Airfield Wrecked. American Mitchell bombers and P-38 Lightning escorts devastated the Berat Kucove airfield, one of the ba.ses from which the Germans are operating against guerrilla forces in the Balkans. There the Germans had concentrated Stuka dive bombers outmoded on the bat tlefields of Italy but still deadly against the guerrillas who lack air support. The raiders bored through heavy antiaircraft fire and 10 enemy de fenders to shower hundreds of frag mentation bombs among at least 20 fighters and dive bombers aground, setting many fires. P-40 Warhawks struck at the port of Split in Yugoslavia, scoring sev eral bomb hits on a 200-foot mer chant vessel. Liberators of the new United States 15th Air Force hit the rail way bridge at Falconara-Marittima, just north of Ancona on the east coast line, impeding movement of German reinforcements of troops and supplies, and also hammered freight yards, barracks and ware houses in the same area. All re turned safely. Other Air Assaults, Tn other raids. Allied planes bombed motor vehicles moving to ward Rome from Terni, the airfield at Nettuno south of Rome, a fuel dump west of Cassino and other bridges, road junctions and Nazi Transports behind the battle area. One plane was lost. Striking heavily at German ship ping in Aegean ports, RAF bombers and fighters raided Lavreion Bay in Southern Greece and the islands of Keos and Siphnos yesterday, hitting landing craft, barges, tugs and mo tor vessels, Middle East headquarters announced. Objectives were Kea Harbor on Keos, southeast of Lavreion, where landing craft and barges were dam aged, and Kamares Bay in Siphnos farther south, where two coastal vessels and barges were attacked. In new raids Thursday night and yesterday, British bombers pounded (See_ffALy7 Page-A~3T) Face Infection Sends Bilbo to Hospital Senator Bilbo, Democrat, of Miss issippi, is ill at the Naval Medical Center at Bethesda, suffering from a face infection, his secretary said today. The Senator is expected to leave the hospital next week. r THEREBY \ WHERE YOU ' \ SIGN,BROTHER ~1 ~ Without Recourse WLB Approves Raise Of $1.50 for Miners; Men Return Monday | Full-Scale Production Is Expected When Men Re-enter Pits Next Week B? ihe Associated Pre**. I The fight over coal miners !wages appeared virtually ended today with the War Labor Board's conditional approval of | the lekes-Lewis pay-scale plan and a nod of assent from the United Mine Workers. The WLB's principal reservation involves the formula for paying pieceworkers. But official union spokesmen observed, ••We’ll peace fully seek a solution of that, and we’ll go about the job of producing coal ” After seven months of contro versy and four paralyzing strikes which cost the Nation more than 40.000.000 tons of coal, this is the picture: UMW President John I., Tewis has a memorandum agreement with Fuel Administrator Ickes. Under it the soft coal miner who formerly received 57 a day will receive 58.50, agreeing to dig coal an hour longer, partly by halving his 30-minihe lunch period. After his 40th hour underground, the miner starts get ting paid for travel time at time and a half. Tn a six-dav week his increase is about 511.50, so that the average daily increase is ckxser to 52 than 51.50. His total week’i earnings will be close to 557. Some may earn more and the average would exceed S60. Mr. Lewis’ orig inal demand was for e 52 daily in crease. Anthracite Contract Approved. Provisions covering anthracite miners were fully aporoved. They grant 70 cents a day additional The mines generally are expected to be back in production Monday. Only a few anti-climactic chap ters of the .1943 coal drama ap peared to remain: ill The meet ing of conditions which the WLB attached to its approval of the Ickes-Lewis agreement; t2> deter mination of new ceiling prices, and 13) restoration of the mines to their private owners. The board voted 11 to 1 for ap proval, with Wayne L. Morse, pub lic member, casting the lone dissent ing vote. He denounced the policy of approving a contract “which ap pears to have been dictated at the point of the strike weapon ” Edward R. Burke, president of the Southern Coal Operators’ Associa tion, commented: “If the new con tract really provides for one addi tional hour of productive work, then the extra pay can be justified. Bon t Expect More Production. “While on paper the board has adhered to the stabilization pro gram, we think that no increased production will result from the con tract. Maybe, if the miners are really encouraged to work, the con tract may actually be effective.'’ The four employer WLB members who supported the decision said: “We are aware that recent de velopments in the field of coal min ing have shown the willingness of a labor group to demonstrate the rela tive importance to them of mining coal for this Nation in time of war and their principle of ‘no contract no work.’ Our action is not moti vated by our opinion of their choice. The implications of their choice we leave to the sober judgment of the American people. Ours must be a determination under the laws and orders that govern the jurisdic tion and authority of this board. “We are not unmindful that fail ure to approve this contract might precipitate a. repetition of recent coal mine shutdowns throughout practically the entire Nation. We know that the circumstances of the last several months have raised (See COAL, Page A-8.1 French Protests Asked NEW YORK, Nov. 6 (fP).—A Lon don broadcast recorded by CBS said a French underground station had broadcast an appeal last night to all workers in France to “demon strate at their places of work” on Armistice Day, next Thursday, “by partly or totally stopping work.” Senators Start Move to Hear Hull Discuss Moscow Pacts Plan for Joint Session Put Forward As Peace Resolution Passes, 85 to 5 Et he As»>oc»aifc1 Press. Senators who rolled up an 85 to-5 indorsement of the peace principle enunciated at the Mos cow conference now want to have a first-hand account of the document from the man who helped make it possible—Secre tary of State Hull. A movement was promoted lo in vite Mr. Hull to address a joint ses sion of Senate and House on his re turn from Russia. I Senator Lucas, Democrat, of Illi | nois said such a convocation would show the world that the United States and its elected representa tives are intensely interested in the cause of world peace and the estab lishment of machinery to main l tain it. I While the final decision rests, with Mr. Hull. it. was learned that the movement for his appearance has the blessing of high Government officials. Only Five Vote No. The showdown roll call on postwar policy came at 5:30 p.m yesterday, cutting off two weeks’ debate. Fifty-one Democrats and thirty four Republicans voted for the Con nally postwar foreign policy resolu tion. Only Senators Reynolds of North Carolina and Wheeler of Montana. Democrats, and Johnson of California. Langer of North Da kota and Shipstead of Minnesota. Republicans, voted no. The resolution packed Its big punch in two short paragraphs. In addition to resolving that the war be waged to complete victory and that, this Nation co-operate with its •See POSTWAR7Page ~A-8J j Community War Fund ■ Solicitors Enter Final Phase of Campaign 16 Pet. of Quota Remains; Jennings Urges Finish By Next- Friday Community War Fund solic itors entered the last phase of the drive tor $4.800.000 today as Coleman Jennings, campaign' chairman, tjrged them to collect the remaining 16 per cent of quota by next Friday. Report, meetings of solicitors have been scheduled for 12:30 p.m. Wed-! nesdav and Friday at the United States Chamber of Commerce. ‘These last dollars are the hard est to get,’’ Mr. Jennings said. " Yet; 1 know that the gratitude that has been expressed to us during the cam - 1 paign. by Lord Halifax for British ; War Relief: bv veterans for United Service Organization clubs, and be little children for settlement house' ■ nunsery schools here in Washington.' (Will be enough to spur our solicitors1 on and over the top ’ ” Businessmen. Businessmen are leading the eight idivisions of solicitors with all but 8 per cent of the $1,350,000 quota col-j jlected. Fairfax, the leader of four [counties participating in the drive.! 1 has scheduled a Community War ! Fund benefit football game this | afternoon between Fairfax and i Mount Vernon High Schools to swell I the fil per cent collected of their I $31,500 quota. ! The unexpected spurt of contribu i tions reported by businessmen has 'heightened competition between the four Washington divisions, fund nffi j (See"WAR~FUND~Page > Appropriations Group Of Senate to Join Lease-Lend Inquiry McKellar C ommiMee Plans Thorough Inquiry Into Federal Spending By :he Associated Press. The Senate Appropriations Committee, setting its promised Government,economy campaign in motion, has decided to joinj the Truman Committee's inquiry into the billion-dollar-a-month lease-lend program. Acting Chairman McKellar of the’ appropriations group today an nounced that special Investigators would conduct a search for econ omies in all Government agencies, including lease-lend. One of four investigators was obtained from the FBr. Senator McKellar also disclosed that the 15-member deficiency Ap propriation Subcommittee he heads would co-operate with the Truman Committee in the previously author ized joint investigation of lease-lend and foreign spending Serving on the deficiency sub committee are Senators Russell, Democrat, of Georgia and Lodge. Republican, of Massachusetts, two of the five Senators who toured war fronts. They criticized some phases of lease-lend operations and brought on the congressional agitation for the investigation. "We are going to go very thor oughly into both war and domestic appropriation requests, and expect to make some important savings," Sen ator McKellar said. Roosevelt Praises Red Army In Soviet Anniversary Message Br *be Associated Press. The Soviet people have written' ‘‘deathless pages of history" in the struggle against tyranny and op-' pression, President Roosevelt said today in a message of congratula- J tion to President Kalinin of the' Union of Soviet Socialist Republics! on the 26th anniversary of the Soviet Union’s founding. Mr. Roosevelt, said the anniversary ' falls "at a time when freedom-1 loving peoples everywhere are deal- i ing fateful blows at the enemy who dared attempt to enslave and op-I press them. "On the battlefield and by the \ growth of co-operation and single- i minded purpose, the members of the! United Nations are driving the \ forces of aggression toward irre parable defeat. “Allow me, on this day, to con gratulate you, the people and the leaders of the Soviet Union, and to express the deep admiration of my ' self and my countrymen, for the magnificent manner in which the Red Army has hurled back the in vader. To the Red Army and people of the Soviet Union belong eternal honor and glory. They have written deathless pages of history in this struggle against tyranny and op pression. Their example and sacri fice are an inspiration to all the forces joined in the common strug gle for victory.” Acting Secretary of State Edward R. Stettinius, jr„ In a message to Foreign Commissar Vyachesloff Mo lotov, extended his felicitations in the absence of Secretary Hull. "The historic declaration recently agreed upon at Moscow, providing for united action not only in the prosecution of the. war against our respective enemies but in the or ganization and maintenance of peace and security after victory, brings increased strength to the forces combating aggression throughout the world.” Mr. Stet tinius said. President Orders Racial Clause in All War Orders Overrules Warren To End Discrimination Among Workers By J. A. FOX. In a ruling which serves to nullify a recent decision by Con troller General Warren, Presi dent Roosevelt holds that the inclusion of employment-dis crimination provisions in Gov ernment contracts is mandatory, it was disclosed at the White House today. In a case arising recently our of t he refusal ol the Southwestern Bell Telephone Co., Kansas City, Mo, lo execute a contract containing a clause forbidding discrimination against the workers because of race, creed, color or national origin, Mr! Warren said the company's attitude was no barrier to the contract. The President's order setting up the Pair Employment Practices Committee, which proscribed discrimination in hiring, was only a “directive” and not binding in contracting officers, Mr. Warren declared. Wants It “Perfectly Cle^r." In a letter sent yesterday to At torney General Biddle, the President said on this point: “I realize the hesitancy of the Controller General to withhold pay ments on Government contracts in which these provisions have not been included where there is doubt as to whether the order is manda tory. I therefore wish to make it perfectly clear that these provi sions are mandatory and should be incorporated in Government con tracts. The order should be so con strued by all Government contract ing agencies.” Mr. Warren’s opinion was looked on as weakening the status of the Fair Employment Practices Com mittee, as it disclosed that the Gov ernment had encountered trouble elsewhere than in the Kansas City case, where the contract was for telephone service. Against Democratic Processes. It was brought out that in some instances where the Government, had sought to contract for office space, prospective lessors had re fused to insert the antidiscrimina tion proviso in the contracts. The Attorney General brought the situation to the President s at tention. "There is no need for me.” the President wrote Mr. Biddle, “to re iterate the fundamental principles underlying the promulgation of the executive order, namely, that the prosecution of the war demands that we utilize fully all available manpower and that the discrimina tion by war industries against per sons for any of the reasons named in the order is detrimental to the prosecution of the war and is op posed to our national democratic processes." Heavy Ground Fog Here Slows Up City's Traffic A dense ground fog moved into Washington and nearby Virginia and Maryland around 4 am. today, prevailing until sun up and causing traffic to move at a slow pace, but without any serious mishaps. At the National Airport, jt was staled that "because of zero ceiling there was some interruption of air service.” The dispatcher at the Capital Transit Co. said bus and streetcar traffic was slowed down, but none of the vehicles were in difficulty. Intercity bus lines said they had maintained almost normal traffic. An official at the National Trailways System said the fog, according to drivers, extended as far south as iDanville. Va., and as far north as ,Newark. N. J. 1 The Weather Bureau forecast a fair and moderately warm day. Yugoslav Guerrillas Open Drive to Clear Peljesac 3? ihe Associated Press, i LONDON, Nov. 6—Yugoslav guer .rilias have launched an offensive ro .‘drive the Germans from the lone Peljesac Peninsula off the Dalma tian coast, a communique from the ; Yugoslav Liberation Army an nounced today. Details of the Peljesac operation I were lacking, but the bulletin re ported heavy fighting between Par tisans and Germans on the slopes of Mount Zlatibor in Serbia, to the east. A German garrison at Brezovac, [near Byelova, in Croatia, was liqui dated by the forces of Gen. Josip Broz (Tito1, the bulletin said, and the railway line between Krizevcl and Byelova was reported severed at several points. Three Others Missing (With Tommy Harmon By the Associated Press. ! NEW DELHI, Nov. 6 —Three fel ilow officers of the Army Air Forces .are reported “missing in action” in [China with Lt. Tommy Harmon, [former University of Michigan all America halfback. Missing with the former backfield star are Capt. Lowden Kaslon, Lt. Tommy J. Taylor and Lt. Jordan Robbins, jr„ with no addresses given. As reported In Roundup, the China-Burma-Tndia armed services newspaper, the missing airmen bombed their target but failed to return. Almost a year ago Lt. Harmon crashed in tha jungles of South America, but reached safety I after wandering for two weeks.