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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 11, 1943, Image 4

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Britons to Celebrate
This Armistice Day
With Mounting Hope
By RUSSELL LANDSTROM,
Associated Press War Correspondent.
LONDON, Nov. 11.—The capitals
of the world rejoiced 25 years ago
that the deadliest war of all time
was ended.
In Paris, lour years of fighting
on their own earth had sobered the
people, but the realization that the
fury was ended released their high
est spirits.
Belgium had survived an ordeal
which turned much of her soil into
a grisly sepulchre and infected the
air with rot. The mood of Belgium
generally was quieter.
In London, the starch in the
British facade dissolved and there
was a kind of madness in Trafalgar
Square, Piccadilly Circus, Leicester
Square, the Strand, Fleet street.
Washington, New York and Main
street gave themselves up to riotous
release.
Soldiers Skeptical.
In the cities of the defeated, Ordi
nary folks were glad.
Soldiers at the front, meantime.
Invoked that skepticism which they
early learned to cultivate to spare
themselves deep disappointment.
The war over? “Yeah," jeered
the American soldiers, “and haven’t
you heard, the Kaiser’s just com
mitted suicide, and we re all going
to have turkey and trimmings for
Thanksgiving! When does the boat
leave for home, buddy?"
A peace rumor spread in mid
October in the Argonne. Over
joyed, some of the men got careless
and showed lights. German planes
dropped a few eggs around our po
sitions and German artillery' pep
pered us with livelier accents.
So as late as those first days of
November the men talked of com
ing offensives in the spring, and
wondered where they would be then
—or whether they even would be.
We had shifted up to Belgium by
that time, to the Ypres-Lys sector,
which reeked of death and torment.
The end of the war seemed a long
way ahead.
But in less than a week it came.
Peace Was Reality.
Peace was no dream. Not then.
The dream lasted, despite a great
deal of violent retching and toss
ing, until a certain autumn when!
the world was filled again with the 1
sound of cannon fire.
Then that Armistice Day of 1939
mocked the dream.
They called it phoney war that J
winter. It was fine to hear Lupino;
Lane, the English comedian, sing
“We'll Hang Out the Washing on!
the Siegfried Line.”
A year afterward only the rene
gade Lord Haw Haw, yammering
on the Berlin radio, thought of
bringing up the subject again. He
taunted the British with the big
words that they had sung the pre
vious winter.
More ana more Armistice uay was
becoming a day of heartache. In j
1941 people said: “What shall it'
be like, when this war ends, and we
celebrate as we did in 1918?“
Some thought there would be such
revelry as the country never had
witnessed. Others commented
gravely: “This is different. People
won’t go wild this time. They’ll
just want to be by themselves.”
African Landings Recalled.
Thrills of a far wider hope—al
most of certain success—electrified
the Allied peoples on November 11,
1942. The Americans and British
were in North Africa. Rommel was
on the run. The Russians never
would yield Stalingrad. Everywhere
in the non-Axis world faith was re
kindled. Scuttling of the French
fleet and German occupation of all
France merely proved Hitler's des
perate situation.
Not until such a high moment
in history would the prophets of
parliament and press dare voice un
equivocal confidence in the success
of their cause. Not until then could
a composer write "I'm Going to Get
Lit Up When the Lights Go On in]
London,” a song which became the
rage in Britain.
People were thinking that they]
might see a new Armistice Day
worth celebrating.
Back and forth, of course, the ar
gument swings, and none can call
the shots.
On only one point do these an
alysts of 1943 agree—that defeat for
the Allies now Is out of the ques
tion.
Common Man Is Hopeful.
The common man lets them all
talk. He ruminates over a pint of
beer and concludes that maybe he
has about as much clairvoyance as
they have. He would not be sur
prised if this were the last war
like Armistice Day in Europe.
The eagerness for peace has
prompted some premature but un
derstandable actions. Hotels have
reservations for Armistice Day din
ners. Arrangements have been made
for dances and house parties.
Women are getting out their dinner
gowns, in disuse since 1940.
All this, no doubt, is no more
than a nervous straining toward
the end, inevitable after such a
stretch of abnormal life. The same
sturdy caution informs British so
ciety. The same tendency to pull
a wry face even when things are
going well, minimizing victories and
agreeing that plenty of trouble
probably lies ahead, are observable
in most places. Still, things are
different. The people have betaken
themselves to a more expressive
optimism, though out of habit they
invariably make it conditional.
Armistice Day of 1943. they see,
foreshadows an end of the mockery
against what November 11 is pre
sumed to stand for.
Armistice Day
(Continued Prom First Page.)
a.m., accompanied by Secretary of
War Stimson and Secretary of Navy
Knox. His White House car was
driven alongside the tomb. The
President got out and faced the
tomb, leaning on the arm of his mili
tary aide, Maj. Gen. E. M. Watson.
An Army band played the national
anthem after which a bugler sounded
taps. Arrival and departure of the
Chief Executive was greeted with 21
gun salutes. The presidential party
left at 11:05 a.m.
The armed services were repre
sented by Vice Admiral R. S. Ed
wards. chief of staff to Admiral Er
nest J. King: the deputy chief of
staff of the Army, Lt. Gen. Joseph
T. McNarney, and Lt. Gen. Thomas
W. Holcomb, Commandant of the
i Marine Corps.
Sees Need for World Plan.
"We as a Nation should begin now
to draw the blueprints for the world
in which we wish to make as our
storehouse for the fruits of victory
and the harvests of peace.”
The American Legion, he stressed,
"believes that the way to peace for
the world can be found in honest
agreements between free and sover
eign nations to maintain order and
to repress aggression or the threat
of aggression.”
Victory and the peace to come will
be a "hollow mockery,” Comdr.
Atherton said, "unless they can be
shared with dignity by those who
have fought to win them. If there
are those who feel that this is not
just, they should raise their voices
now—while the bullets still fly and ;
the wounded still fall.”
Expects Veterans to Lead.
The flower of America’s manhood j
J now fighting this war. the leader of.
the Legion continued, can also be
come, after this war is over, the
"dominant force in leading this
Nation along the paths of peace to a
happy future. We have chosen them
as our best in war; let us proudly
remember this fact as we plan now
to enjoy the liberties which they are
winning at so dear a price
"Let us offer a prayer for a just
victory in the shortest possible time
and at the smallest possible cost, I
am sure I will be joined in this
prayer by those mothers and fathers
whose sons are far away, by those
wives whose windows are honored by
a star and by those children and
other loved ones who live for a
single hope.”
Declaring that every man and
woman must answer America’s call
with the "fullness of spirit we have
preserved since 1776." Mrs. Law
rence Smith, national president of
the American Legion Auxiliary,
emphasized there is no room for
hyphenated Americans.
"We are now welded into ‘one out
of many,'” she said during the ex
ercises broadcast Nation-wide. “And
the many of the world are depend
ent upon us. Our boys at Corregl
dor, on Bataan. Wake Island and at
Kasserine Pass are the ‘Spirit of j
1776.’ They are the Patrick Henrys
shouting today ‘give me liberty, or
give me death.' ”
Earlier in the day wreaths were
placed on the District of Columbia
War Memorial in West Potomac
Park by C. Francis McCarthy, de
partment commander of the Amer-;
[ican Legion, and Francis Gauges,!
grand chef de gare of the Society [
! of the Forty and Eight.
The officers were escorted to the,
memorial by the American Legion
National Guard of Honor. John
Weitzel, grand aumonier. Forty and
| Eight, began the service with a
1 prayer offering.
The District War Memorial is
dedicated to the memory of Wash
ington men who gave their lives,
'during the last World War.
Service Held at Capitol.
At a 11 a.m. service on the east
I portico of the Capitol Building, the
service flag of the American War
: Mothers was raised over the build
1 ing under the United States flag,
at memorial services presided over
by Mrs. E. May Hahn, new presi
dent of the national organization.
Music was provided by the United
States Navy School of Music Band.
The address was delivered by Rep
resentative Springer, Republican, of
Indiana.
Standing on the chilly, wind
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Chief of First AEF
Spends Day Quietly
At Walter Reed
Gen John J. Pershing, com
mander in chief of American
forces in France during the last
war, remained in his quarters at
Walter Reed Hospital as the
Nation observed Armistice Day.
"I'm taking it very quietly,”
he said.
Gen. Pjrshing. who is 83, said
he was planning nothing out
side his customary routine in
the special suite provided for
him at the hospital.
swept steps of the Jefferson Me
morial, a small group of persons
met for brief ceremonies sponsored
by the militant church movement.
The invocation was given by the
Rev. H. J. Callis of the Lomax A.
M. E. Zion Church of Arlington;
the benediction by the Rev. W. H.
Jernagin of Mount Carmel Baptist
Church, director of the Washington
office of fraternal council of Negro
churches in America, and the
speaker was the Rev. J. C. Olden,
a director of the militant church
movement.
The Rev. Olden told of the part
which members of the Negro race
had played in the wars of the
United States and expressed the
hope that out of this war “America
will realize what was in the heart
of Thomas Jefferson,” and “that
all will join hands as brothers.”
Standing at attention during the
brief ceremonies was Boy Scout
Troop 511 with E. V. Struthers,
scon tmnstpr
In Armistice Day services at the
Commerce Department auditorium,
Solicitor South Trimble, jr„ de
clared the department “is very
proud of its 3,816 employes now in
the armed forces," and "we can
not remember the gallant dead of
1917 and 1918 without having
sharper memories of the new dead
who sleep at Bataan. Corregidor,
Guadalcanal or in Africa, Sicily and
Italy.”
The program was sponsored by
Department Post, No. 45, American
Legion, under direction of Charles
H. McDaniel, commander.
Banks were closed today and
schools were observing the holiday
along with District Government em
ployes. Federal employes were work
ing as usual.
Other ceremonies scheduled for
today were as follows:
3:15 pun.—Annual wreath-laying
at tomb of Woodrow Wilson in the I
Washington Cathedral.
Parade at Georgetown U.
4 p.m.—Retreat call with regi-'
mental parade of 1.400 Army Spe-;
cialized Training cadets, followed;
by exercises in college quadrangle,
at Georgetown University.
8 p.m.—Concert at Boys’ Club |
Branch. Seventeenth street and
Massachusetts avenue S.E., in mem
ory of John Philip Sousa.
8 p.m.—Patriotic vesper service
in Our Lady of Lourdes Church,
Bethesda, with Third District,
Maryland State Council, Knights
of Columbus, participating.
9 p.m—Annual ball of Veterans
of Foreign Wars at Willard Hotel, j
The services at the tomb of
Woodrow Wilson in Washington
Cathedral, at 3:15 p.m., were to be
featured by a eulogy delivered by j
Huston Thompson, close friend and
former student of President Wilson,1
following the laying of a wreath by
George Washington Post No. 1,
American Legion, commanded by
Post Comdr. Harry W. Brown.
Exercises at G. U.
Principal speaker at exercises at
Georgetown University was to be
Brig. Gen. William O. Walker, as
sistant chief of staff, G-4, of the
Army Ground Forces, following a
military review of cadets enrolled
for special studies at the University.
Addresses also were scheduled by
the Very Rev. Lawrence C. Gorman,
S. J., president of the university,
and Col. Joseph S. Doughterv, com
mander of the Georgetown Service
Unit.
From 9:15 a.m. through 2:45 p.m.
today there was scheduled a steady I
flow of organization representatives
placing wreaths in grateful remem-:
brance at the Tomb of the Unknown
Soldier.
To symbolize the spirit of Armi
stice Day, 468 District men and
women arranged to make blood do
nations today at the District Red
Cross Blood Donor Center. The
group included 10 Carmelite fa
thers.
Downtown retail stores were to
observe their usual Thursday hours,
being open from 12:30 to 9 p.m., ac
cording to Edward D. Shaw, secre
tary of the Merchants and Manu
facturers Association.
British Mark Anniversary
With Ceremonies and Work
LONDON, Nov. 11 (^.—Britain
j marked Armistice Day with a spirit
| ual commemoration led by the King
and Queen, but otherwise today was
much like any other, with both
civilians and soldiers devoting them
selves to work.
The King and Queen, who had
asked that the day be observed with
simplicity and an extra measure of
war effort, placed a wreath of pop
pies on the Cenotaph, as did Lt.
Gen. Jacob L. Devers on behalf of
the United States armed forces.
In bomb-scarred Westminster Ab
bey a prayer was intoned over the
candle-lighted Tomb of the Un
known Soldier at 11 a.m. and then
for two minutes there was silence
among the hundreds gathered at the
shrine.
Red Cross clubs planned special
programs for American service men
and women tonight.
Hull
(Continued From First Page.)
he was the only one of his party
who showed no ill effects of the long
flight.
Wife First to Greet Him.
Mrs. Hull was first to greet her
husband as he stepped from the big
Army cargo ship which landed at
Capital Airport just at 3:20 p.m.
Undersecretary Stettinius then
shook his had warmly. Mr. Hull
stepped over to the President’s car
to receive the greeting of the Chief
Executive.
"Hello, pardner,” was his saluta
tion as Majority Leader Barkley
came forward to offer congratula
tions on the success of the mission
to Russia.
Other old associates* from Mr.
Hull’s days in Congress also crowded
around, and Ambassador Wei Tao
ming of China likewise greeted Mr.
Hull.
I he greetings over, the Secretary
went directly to the White House for
the talk with President Roosevelt—
a talk which presumably covered
decisions of the Moscow conference
not yet made public and other mat
ters too secret to be intrusted to
ordinary means of communication.
Brushed Aside Delay,
One of these other matters may be
word from Premier-Marshal Stalin
as to where and when he will meet
with President Roosevelt and Prime
Minister Churchill — a conference
the Anglo-American leaders long
have sought.
The President suggested the talk
might be put ofT until today so that
the Secretary could get some rest
first, but Mr. Hull brushed that idea
aside, assisted Mrs. Hull into the
President's car and climbed in him
self.
Before leaving for the White
House, Mr. Hull spoke briefly to re
porters of the Moscow conference's
main decisions—that none of the
four countries represented, Russia.
Britain, the United States and Chi-]
na. would make a separate peace
with a common enemy, and that all
four would work together after the
war to maintain peace.
"I believe that our country and
other peace-loving countries have a
vast opportunity to profit by the
program of policies outlined by the
Moscow conference,” he said. “I
have supreme faith that they will
avail themselves of that opportuni
ty.”
$37,C J in Whisky
Taken by Hijackers
Bs the Associated Press.
BALTIMORE, Nov. 11—A lead
ing Maryland distillery accented the
State's liquor shortage yesterday
with*a report that 1.600 cases of its
whisky had been hijacked in three
truck thefts—all outside Maryland's
borders—during the last several
weeks.
The distillery said one of its
trucks, carrying 600 cases, was stolen
in New York, a second with the
same size cargo in New Jersey and
the third, a 400-case load, in Ohio.
The three cargoes were valued at
approximately (37,000.
At the same time, the Maryland
Committee of the Conference of Al
coholic Beverage Industries, dis
closed a campaign to combat black
market activities in this area.
Officials of the committee said
that while there has been little evi
dence of such illegal activity, the
group aims to maintain a steady flow
of liquor product*.
Representatives of the industry
expressed the belief that current
shortages were caused principally
by scare-buying.
Meanwhile shares of the Tom
Moore Distillery Co., which Tuesday
announced a dividend of 27 gallons
of whisky a share, sold on the Balti
more Stock Exchange yesterday for
as high as (195, a rise of (65 since
the dividend announcement. More
than 560 shares were sold in small
iots.
There is no such thing as a blood
less victory. Yours, too, is needed
by Blood Donor Center. Call Dis
trict 3300 to make an engagement.
Three New Schools
Join in Paper Drive;
113 Now Participating
Five more schools, including one
District high school and two Mary
land schools, yesterday enlisted in
The Evening Star-PTA Salvage
for-Victory wastepaper collection
program to bring the total number
of participating schools to 113.
Central High SchooW where the
Victory Club is undertaking the col
lection, was the first high school
to join in the campaign this year.
The other new schools are Our Lady
of Lourdes at Bethesda, the first
school in that section of Mont
gomery County to resume collec
tions; the W. B. Powell School at
Cheverly, Md., and the Chamberlain
Vocational School.
While the paper salvage receipts
from yesterday’s collection have not
yet been turned in, a rough check
indicates that nearly 40,000 pounds
were picked up, bringing the total
barely short of 400,000 pounds. This,
together with tomorrow's collection,
Should result in the 500,000-pound
mark being reached before the end
of next week.
A number of excellent records were
made in the Tuesday collections.
Wheatley School, a fresh starter in
the campaign, turned in about 10,000
pounds. Shaw Junior, which is en
gaged in a tight race with Jefferson
Junior and Alice Deal Junior for
:ity leadership, collected 8.360 pounds
to reach a total of 29,104 pounds,
about 2,000 more than Jefferson and
menaced by Alice Deal which al
Paper Collections
In Schools Tomorrow
The following is tomorrow’s
schedule for collection of news
papers, magazines and card
board in the fifth district of
The Evening Star-PTA Salvage
for-Vlctory program, together
with the five leaders and their
poundage to date:
Kingsman _4,351 pounds
Smothers _2,880 pounds
Taylor _ 2,710 pounds
Browne Junior_2,570 pounds
Pierce _2,280 pounds
Benning Madison
Kenilworth Taylor
Browne Junior Logan
Blow Blair
Webb Ludlow
Smothers Carberry
Crummel Hayes
Kingsman Seaton
Lovejoy Gales
Pierce
ready has more than 18.000 pounds
to its credit, with approximately
12.000 pounds expected from this
week's collection.
Taft Junior, another big producer.
Tuesday turned in 3,351 pounds or
almost as much as it had gathered
so far in the campaign. Other
large yields came from Burroughs
with 1.680 pounds, Douglas-Simmons .
with 2,171 pounds and Morse-Twin
ing with 2,825 pounds.
Macfarland Junior, which collected
1.072 pounds for its first week and :
picked up momentum with 2.641 J
pounds in the second of its collection
days, yesterday began to reach its
stride with 7,097 pounds.
Contrasted with last year, Alice
Deal has already in three collections
produced more paper than in the
six months of the 1941-2 drive. It is
the first school to make that record.
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Annapolis Jury Suggests Curfew
For Tavern-Going Parents
By the Associated Press.
ANNAPOLIS. Nov. 11.—Citing the
large number of cases of juvenile de
linquency on the docket of the Anne
Arundel County Circuit Court, the
county grand Jury yesterday sug
gested adoption of a curfew law "for
parents who deliberately abandon
their infant children and spend their
nights and days in the various tav
erns in this area."
The jury made the recommenda
tion following an 11-day session in
which 45 presentments were re
turned and 9 cases dismissed.
The investigating body stated in
its formal report to Chief Judge
Ridgely P. Melvin of the fifth Judi
cial circuit that “when children were
brought into court for criminal acts
and were found guilty, the question
arose of what to do with them.”
The report asserted that the State
of Maryland had no institution to
which children could be committed
and trained rather than being “in
carcerated with the old hardened
criminals."
“To turn them back to the homes
from which they came with no
parental supervision would be a
crime in itself,” the grand Jury de
clared.
“Prom our investigation, we find
that it is not so much the child who
needs a curfew law as it is the par
ents,” the report continued.
“The disintegration of the home
is the responsibUity of the parents
and churches * • • and it is the
duty of the community to provide
r~
teaching, if not punishment through
the law, of those parents who so
wilfully abandon their young,” the
grand jury added.
The grand jury further stated that
it “heartily” Indorsed a recom
mendation of the local Parent
Teacher Association, made recently,
that mothers of children under 14
years of age should not be employed
unless some responsible adult was
in the home to supervise the activi
ties of the children.
Rudy Vallee to Marry
Miss Greer Next Month
by the Associated Press.
HOLLYWOOD, Nov. 11.—Rudy
Vallee, Coast Guard lieutenant and
former crooner, now says he and
Bettejane Greer, 19-year-old actress,
will be wed early next month.
In announcing their engagement
last August, Rudy, 42, said the mar
riage—her first, his third—would be
deferred until after the war.
Bettejane Greer lived at 1409
Thirty-third street N.W. with her
parents, Mr. and Mrs. Charles D.
Greer, before she went to Hollywood
at Lt. Vallee’s suggestion more than
a year ago. She attended Western
High School. Before signing her
movie contract, she had been a
singer and model in the Capital.
Three Youths Steal Jeep
And Wreck Countryside
B» the Associated Press.
PORTLAND, Oreg—Three Port
land youths spied an unattended
Army jeep and thought it would be
a cinch to operate.
It isn't like other cars, they
learned.
The trio knocked over a roadside
mail box, plowed through 30 feet of
cedar hedge and mowed down a
deputy sheriff's fence before bring
lng it to a stop.
| -covered I
jfl 19,000 soldier* at one time I
ifl hadtheirgunsonBobHope I
I when he entertained them I
I overseas. Read his exdu- I
■ sive story Sunday in Thk I
I Wt*KMagazine,with The I
"~~~ 1 I
1918
ARMISTICE DAY
THE LAST WAR ENDED AT 11 A.M. ON
NOVEMBER 11th, 1918. IN THOSE LAST
HOURS, 1021 AMERICAN SOLDIERS WERE /
KILLED IN ACTION OR SERIOUSLY WOUNDED^
194?
UNCONDITIONAL
SURRENDER DAY
EVERY BOND YOU BUY BRINGS IT NEARER!
VICTORY DEPENDS NOT ONLY UPON THE
COURAGE OUR FIGHTING MEN ARE SO VAL- 1
IANTLY DISPLAYING, BUT ALSO ON OUR
DETERMINATION TO BACK THEM UP WITH
HOME-FRONT AMMUNITION! YOUR FIGHTING
DOLLARS SAVE LIVES! YOUR FIGHTING DOL
LARS PROVIDE THE EQUIPMENT, SUPPLIES
THAT WIN BATTLES AND VICTORY!
RALEIGH HABERDASHER
1310 F Strut

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