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Guide for Readers Page, i Amusements ..B-17 Comics_B-22-23 Editorials .A-12 Edit! Articles . A-13 Lost and Found A-3 Finance_A-20-21 %*e. Obituary .A-14 Radio _B-23 Society ..B-3 Sports.A-18-18 Where to Go ..B-ll Woman's Page B-18 An Associated .Press Newspaper 9lSt YEAR. y0. 36,353. WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 1943—FORTY-SIX PAGES. *** -*1-r—— -- Washington rp TTT>T7iT7i mr-MTO llMwher# and Suburb! X XlXvJliJh KjX O. nvt CENTS Bad Weather Slows Allied Gains in Italy 5fh Army Beats Off Counterattack, Takes Prisoners By th« Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Algiers, Nov. 12.—Extremely bad weather and difficult terrain in front of the Germans’ winter defense line slowed the Allied drive in Italy to limited gains, Allied headquarters announced today. A one-mile advance by Lt, Gen. Mark W. Clark’* Americans of the 5th Army and the capture of one more commanding feature on the alopes of Mount Camino near Mig nano at the western end of the Allied line were announced. Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery’s 8th Army engaged in sharp patrol skirm ishing near Acquaviva in the central sector and exchanged artillery fire with the Germans across the San gro River in the east. A sharp German counterattack at Calabritto near Migngno was beaten back by the 5th Army and prisoners were taken. (“A powerful German counter attack” succeeded in taking a hill position and a village south of Mignano, in Italy, the German communique said today. “Amer ican troops west of the Volturno, despite heavy losses, are contin uing for days their unsuccessful attacks on our hill positions,” the communique said.) Little Hope of Holding Gaeta. With little change in the last 24 hours along the whole length of the front, Allied air forces opened a new offensive on the supply lines of the fortress of Europe. Liberators of the 15th Air Force reached across the Alps into Southern France for two smashing blows at railways and war industries at Annecy and near. Cannes in co-operation with similar assaults by the RAF in Britain. RAF Wellingtons struck by night at the freight yards at Prato near Florence. The Liberators were unescorted and all returned safely. Despite the slow Allied march, the Germans apparently had little hope of holding Gaeta very long. Aerial reconnaissance showed they had blown up the oil tanks at that west coast port -nine miles behind the present lines. New Demolitions at Leghorn. Reconnaissance also brought back evidence that they had carried out new demolitions at Leghorn, sinking two more ships in Leghorn harbor in an effort to close its northern entrance. The Germans appar ently had decided to dispense with the use of Leghorn even for coastal shipping and sealed the harbor to Impede any Allied raids or coast hopping landings. There also was widespread Allied air activity over the front and be hind the linesv American invaders blew up an ammunition dump, attacked a bridge, strafed a locomotive and de stroyed four trucks near Cassino, 8 miles beyond Mignano. Warhawks attacked several strong points. Bos tons and Baltimores blew up a chemical works at Bussi, 23 miles northeast of Avezzano, and South African and British fighter-bombers plastered numerous gun positions. 100 Seek Lost Boyr 3, In Ozark Mountains Sy ths Associated Press. PINDALL, Ark., Nov. 12. —A Marching party of more than 100 persons combed through dense Ozark Mountain underbrush in this area today in search of 3-year-old Ralph Wilson, who wandered away from home yesterday pursuirig a friendly stray dog. An all-night hunt by the search ers, recruited from three nearby counties, brought no trace of the boy, son of Mr. and Mrs. Elmer Wilson of Pindall, Search (bounty farmers. The Wilsons said the dog showed up at their home about three days ago and that the boy became at tached to it. Mrs. Wilson expressed apprehen sion over the lightly clothed boy because of near-freezing weather. $250 Forfeited on Charge Of rTie-inr Liquor Sale E. F. McKannon, manager of the Governor Shepherd Drug Co., 2121 Virginia avenue N.W., forfeited $250 today in Municipal Court on a charge of violating the Price Control Act by forcing a customer to buy a bottle of wine as a condition for purchasing a bottle of whisky. Court officials said this was the first case of a “tie-in” sale involving whisky in the District. Creed Clark, 1123 C street Ni., entered the drug store to buy a bot tle of whisky and McKannon told him he could not have the whisky unless he also bought a bottle of wine, OPA officials charged Clark made the twin purchase with OPA Inspectors as witnesses. Municipal Judge Walter P. Casey approved the forfeiture with the acquiescence of the OPA. Crash Kills Test Pilot; Father Died Similarly 2} the Associated Press. DETROIT, Nov. 12. —Second Lt. John Winthrop Powell of Fargo, N. Dak., was killed yesterday when his plane crashed on a routine flight nine miles northwest of the Romulus (Mich.) air base. The 21-year-old Air Service Com mand flyer’s father, Maj. George N. Powell, lost his life similarly in an Army plane crash in the Southwest Pacific last June. A U. S. Hold on Bougainville Firm; Nimitz Hints More Attacks Early Central Pacific Smash Indicated; Allies Deny Jap Sinkina Claims FIRST PICTURE OF LANDING or Bougainville on Page A-5. Bj the Associated Tress. SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AL LIED HEADQUARTERS, Nov. 12 —United States marines and Army reinforcements have estab lished a solid 6-mile beachhead on Bougainville, while the ma rines, who were landed two weeks ago on nearby Choiseul to divert the Japanese from the thrust at Empress Augusta Bay, have com pleted their mission and with drawn. Today's communique reported a 22-ton bombing raid by Liberators on the naval base of Soerabaja, Java, entailing a round trip flight of more than 2,000 miles; the sinking by aerial action of an enemy de stroyer off Kavleng, New Ireland, and a possible torpedo hit on a cruiser by planes raiding Rabaul. (Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, commander in chief of the Pa cific Fleet, speaking last night at Pearl Harbor, seemed to indi cate an early smash at the Jap anese mandated islands in the Marshall and Gilbert groups of the Central Pacific. Story on page A-2.) Jap Sinking Claims Denied. Meanwhile, Gen. MacArthur and Admiral Halsey gave the lie to Jap anese claims of sinking battleships, aircraft carriers, cruisers and de stroyers during the current Allied drive in the Northern Solomons to ward Rabaul. ' Not one Allied warship has gone down, they said through their spokesmen. The naval score since the marines landed November 1 on the now firmly secured Empress Augusta Bay beachhead thus reads: Against Japan—Three cruisers and eight destroyers sunk; at least 11 cruisers and four destroyers damaged and two cruisers probably damaged. Against the Allies—Damage to an undisclosed number of warships. “Japanese claims of sinking war ships and of a naval battle subse quent to the naval action reported off Bougainville the night of Novem ber 1-2 are without any basis what soever,” Gen. MacArthur's spokes man said. Enemy Claim Clouded. The November 1-2 battle was the one in which American warships intercepting an enemy task force of J2 heading for the Baugainville beachhead, sank a cruiser and four destroyers and damaged two cruisers and two destroyers without loss to themselves. Admiral Halsey’s spokesman was even more to the point. He said the Japanese had not sunk a single Allied warship since the United States destroyer Chevalier went down on October 6. Even in the Chevalier's case, the Japanese claim was clouded. Tor that destroyer sustained only damage during a battle in the Vella Gulf which resulted in the sinking of a Japanese cruiser and two destroyers and the damaging of two other de stroyers. Later the Chevalier col lided with another destroyer and was cut in two. Late News Bulletins U. S. Destroyer Sunk The Navy Department an nounced this afternoon that the destroyer Beatty was sunk in the Mediterranean last Sat urday as a result of enemy aircra/t action. The com mander of the vessel was Lt. Comdr. William Outerson, U. S. N., of Hollywood, Calif., who was reported to have survived. Anti poll Tax Bill Approved The House-approved anti poll tax bill, regarded as cer tain to cause a Senate filibus ter, was reported favorably, 12 to 6, by the Senate Judiciary Committee. Seven Democrats and five Republicans voted for the measure and four Demo crats and two Republicans op posed it. Senator Connally, Democrat, of Texas' said, “1 hope the chairman (Senator Van Nuys, Democrat, of In diana) will put a large black wreath on the door” (of the committee room). Senator Van Nuys voted for the bill. British Warn French They Will Not Allow Disorder in Lebanon Take Strong Position As De Gaullists Seize Members of Parliament Er the Associated Press. LONDON, Nov. 12.—Amid dis orders and mounting protests, the Lebanese Parliament was dissolved today by French Com missioner Jean Hellu, who asked former President Emile Eddeh to form a new government for Lebanon, the predominantly Moslem territory between Pales tine and Turkey. The British and Egyptian govern ments, the Egyptian press and Arab leaders protested yesterday’s arrest of members of the government and Parliament. The British declared they would not permit disorder in the Lebanon area. One Cairo newspaper, the British owned Bourse Egyptienne, proposed editorially that President Roosevelt arbitrate the dispute arising over Lebanon’s status. Fearful of Bloodshed. A representative of the French Committee of Liberation at Algiers ■aid the French view Lebanon as neither a French colony nor a man late, but in the process of attaining i new status as an independent state linked to France by treaty. As the Egyptian newspaper Almisri proclaimed the French action as imitating the Germans, both Chris tian and Moslem leaders called on the British Minister General at Beirut, Lebanon’s capital, to warn that bloodshed would be inevitable (See LEBANON, Page A-20.) Axis-Held Lands Ask 45,850,000 Tons of Food and Equipment Inter-Allied Committee Forwards Requests To UNRRA Session By BLAIR BOLLES, Star Staff Correspondent. ATLANTIC CITY, Nov, 12.— European Allied countries now under Axis domination have re quested that 45,850,000 metric tons of foodstuffs, clothing, medical supplies and industrial items be sent into those countries during the first six months after their liberation, the Interallied Committee on Postwar Require ments in London reported today to the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Conference meet ing here. Asiatic estimates are unavailable and Russia is not included in the European estimates. Her needs would require 23,485.000 tons of shipping. It will be up to UNRRA to decide whether to include nonoccupied areas like India in the scope of Its work, Col. John Llewellin, British UNRRA delegate, said today. Earlier, in his addriss accepting the position of UNRRA director general, Herbert H. Lehman told the dele gates of the 44 governments which compose this international body that he sees his job, in broad terms, as an opportunity to lay the founda-| tions for a lasting peace as well as to speed up the task of winning, the war. Most Determine Scope. Prom now on the main issue of the conference, and the UNRRA Council Central Committee after the conference meeting, will be whether the organization will undertake a relief and rehabilitation job on the broad scale or operate within a relatively narrow scope with the simpler aim of making available to the people liberated from the Axis occupation their bare food, cloth ing and medical necessities. He implied that surplus nations would be asked by the UNRRA to continue rationing after the war, saying that a critical shortage of supplies will exist immediately after the armistice and that one of the chief objectives of the administra tion must be to see that the limited supplies are evenly distributed. Keynote Is Speed. The keynote here now is action and speed. The conference adopted an agenda resolution presented by Foreign Minister Masayrk of Czecho slovakia placing the end of the con ference at two weeks from Saturday. The original arrangement was to continue it to Dcember 12, The Claridge hotel, which is the confer ence headquarters, has a contract calling for five weeks. Controversy Put Aside. Assistant Secretary of State Acheson, elected council chair man yesterday, indicated at a press conference that all controver sial questions incident to the pri mary problem of getting into action would be shoved aside at this con ference and dealt with later—ques tions like the amount of goods each country will need, the political ques tions revolving around trying inter (See RELIEF, Page A-5.) Italian Chief of Staff Ousted As 'War Criminal' in Yugoslavia By the Associated Press. ALGIERS, Nov. 12.—Gen. Mario Roatta, chief of staff of the Italian Army, whom the Yugoslavs have charged with being a war criminal, has been removed from his post, it was announced officially today. The Yugoslav government-in-exile charged that Gen. Roatta was responsible for a reign of terror during the Italian occupation of Yugoslavia, and asked the Allies to have Marshal Badoglio dismiss him. The charges against Roatta may be the first presented before the United Nations commission to be set up in London, where a decision likely will be reached whether he will be sent to Yugoslavia for trial under the terms of the Moscow conference. ^ i (In announcing the Allied re quest for Roatta's removal Wed nesday, British Minister of State Richard K. Law also told the House of Commons in London that Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower still had under consideration “the case of Gen. (Vittorio) Ambro sio,” another of Marshal Bado glio’s chiefs of staff whom the Yugoslavs have charged with war crimes.) Roatta's removal was the first tangible evidence that the Allied command was requiring Marshal Badoglio to rid his army of former Fascist commanders accused of in famous conduct. There have been indications that others are on the list. * Reds Converge On Zhitomir, Key Rail City Nazis' Last Link Between North And South Fronts (Map on Page A-20.) By the Associated Press. MOSCOW, Nov. 12.—Red Army troops, pushing west from Kiev today, were converging rapidly on Zhitomir, strategic junction point of the Germans’ last north south railway communications line short of the prewar Polish boundary. Occupation of Radomysl, an nounced in last night’s communique, put the spearheads of the Russian 1st Army of the Ukraine less than 30 miles from the vital Korosten-Zhito mlr-Berdichev railway and only 28 miles from Zhitomir itself. (Reuters dispatches to London today said the Reds had stormed to a point 10 miles northeast of Zhitomir.) Other units of the 1st Army, op erating immediately to the south, captured Brusilov, 36 miles east of Zhitomir, and Kornin, 38 miles southeast of the junction. Berdi chev, junction for railways leading to Poland and Rumania, lies 44 miles to the southwest of Kornia. Reds Advance 60 Miles. Counting yesterday’s gains the Russians have advanced nearly 60 miles west of Kiev, captured last Saturday, toward the sole railroad giving the Germans a direct connec tion between their forces at opposite ends of the far-flung front. Altogether. Gen. Nikolai Vatutin's 1st Army yesterday overran more than 100 towns and villages, in its deepest westward drive of the cam paign, a Soviet communique said. Cutting of the Korosten-Berdichev railway and the consequent splitting of the Nazi Ukraine armies would open the way for a direct advance to the Polish frontier, 60 miles fur ther west. Other Soviet forces plunged ahead on the Gomel front, 140 miles north of Kiev, the Russian bulletin said, capturing six fortified places and killing 2,000 Germans. This drive was apparently aimed at Rechitsa, 25 miles west of German-held Gomel, which has now been by passed. Battling West of Nevel. Battles of “local importance” in which 4,500 Germans were slain, were reported on the north-central front west of Nevel, where Russian forces were attempting to outflank Vitebsk, one of the most highly fortified German zones of resist ance. Russian troops on the Eastern Crimea beachheads have improved their positions and killed 700 Ger mans in repulsing vigorous counter attacks, the communique reported. (The Berlin radio said the Russians everywhere were em ploying “numerically superior” forces in an effort to “force a turning point of the entire war.” (Capt. Ludwig Sertorious, Ger man military expert, in a broad cast recorded by the Associated Press, said it was evidence that in order to maintain the pace of the offensive, now in its fifth month, Russia was “squeezing the manpower reserves of even those who credited Stalin with a maximum of brutality and ruth lessness." ' (He asserted that the Russians have imported “vast numbers of Chinese coolies to release Soviet workers for military service.") Mercury Falls to Freezing; 38 Degrees Due Tonight The District's first freezing tem perature of the season was recorded early today when the mercury reached a low of 32 degrees at 7:55 am. Warmer weather was in prospect for tonight and tomorrow, however. The mercury began rising shortly after it touched the freezing mark and the Weather Bureau said the day was to be fair, with tempera tures rising slowly to about 47 de grees. A low of 38 degrees is expected to night. The forecast for tomorrow is “warmer and partly cloudy.” The highest temperature yester day was 44 degrees, recorded at 4:10 pm. The temperature at midnight was 37 degrees. 8 Norwegians Executed By Nazis as Spies By the Associated Press. LONDON, Nov. 12.—The Norwe gian Telegraph Agency said today that eight Norwegians had been executed by the Germans at Trom soe October 23 following their con viction on charges of "espionage and assisting espionage for the benefit of an enemy country.” Fourteen more, including three women, were given sentences rang ing from six to 15 years, the agency said. Algiers Radio Reports Count Sforza in Hospital By the Associated Press. LONDON, Nov. 12.—The French radio at Algiers today quoted a report from Italv that Count Carlo Sforza is in a hospital awaiting an urgent operation. Count Sforza, 70, has been men tioned as a likely successor to Mar shal Pietro Badoglio as premier in the new Italian government now taking shape. One of Mussolini's most forceful opponents, he recently returned to Italy after a voluntary exile of several years. In New York City, Countess Sforza said that she had had no word that her husband was awaiting an opera tion. She said she understood that he had suffered a slight attack of influenza a few days ago. Committee-Approved Tax Measure Heads For Vote in House $2,142,900,000 Provided Is About One-Fifth of Administration's Goal Er the Associated Press. Given a new slogan by Chair man Doughton—“You can shear a sheep every year, but you can skin him but once”—the Ways and Means Committee headed toward the House floor today with a $2,142,900,000 tax bill. Representative Carlson, Repub lican, of Kansas, committee member, predicted "the House and the coun try” would accept this second war time revenue measure, which Is about one-fifth the *10,500,000,000 asked by the administration. It would provide new Federal revenue to supplement the approximately *38,000.000.000 collected under pres ent tax laws. The bill, formally approved by the committee last night, calls princi pally for higher postal rates, higher excises on so-called luxuries—liquor, $9 a gallon; horse racing, amuse ments, furs, jewelry, lipstick and other consumer items—and an in crease in the wartime levy on cor poration "excess profits.” Income Tax Changed Little. It alters but little the taxes on individual incomes and makes no change in the normal and surtax levies on corporate earnings. The 20 per cent withholding rate against the taxable portions of wages and salaries would remain the same. There is no retail sales tax plan, and present rates on estates and gifts would not be disturbed The committee voted against raising excises on mouth washes and denti frices. Major provisions of the bill in clude: 1. Merger of the Victory tax with the individual incomelevy, picking up $12,000,000 in the process by re pealing the Victory levy and rais ing the normal personal income rate from 6 to 10 per cent, and adjusting some surtaxes. Special provisions are made to retain on the tax rolls some 9,000,000 persons now paying Victory levies, but whose earnings are not large enough to be affected by the regular income tax. For these the income tax will approxi mate their former net Victory pay ments. 2. Boost some postal rates and hike excises, to bring in about $1, 375,000,000 additional revenue— around $479,000,000 of which would come from consumers of liquor, beer and wine. Beer, Wine Excises Raised. After about-facing four times, the committee decided to put the liquor tax at $9 a gallon, compared with the present $6 rate. It previously had fluctuated between $8 and $10. The beer tax would be jumped from $7 to $8 a barrel and wine increased all along the line. There are no increase in cigarette or other to bacco excises. The bill would raise the in-town letter rate from 2 cents to 3, leaving the out-of-town charge at 3 cents; jump the airmail rate from 6 cents to 8, double third class mail rates, insured and COD mail, and increase charges for registered mail and (See TAXES, Page A-20.) Jury Proposal for Deportation Of De Marigny Held Ineffective Judge Will Pass Suggestion Along, But Has No Authority to Enforce It By ihe Associated Presa. NASSAU, Bahamas, Nov. 12.— Alfred de Marigny, whom a jury acquitted last night of a charge of murdering his wealthy father-in law, Sir Harry Oakes, was enjoying a reunion today with his red-headed wife Nancy, eldest daughter of the slain baronet, apparently little dis turbed that the jury recommended his immediate deportation. The jury decided by a 9-to-3 vote that it was not De Marigny who beat the multi-millionaire on the head last July 8 and set fire to his bedroom and bed in an apparent ef fort to hide the crime. But in acquitting De Marigny. the jurors recommended that he be de ported—a suggestion which appar ently has no legal standing. The jury was unanimous in saying they did not want him to remain in this colony. Chief Justice Sir Oscar Bedford Daly said he only could pass the; recommendation along to authori ties. Attorneys privately commented that there is no legal basis for de portation. Once the “not guilty” verdict was announced to cheering spectators: who jammed the tiny courtroom, po-' lice officials again were confronted; by an unsolved killing with clues which have grown cold during the' four months while De Marigny was under arrest. Lady Eunice Oakes, widow of the slain baronet and most tragic figure (See OAKES. Page A-2J GOP Leaders to Meet In Chicago Jan. 10-11 To Plan Convention National Committeemen And State Chairmen Invited by Spangler By the Associated Pres*. Republican leaders will meet in Chicago January 10 and 11 to select a date and place for the 1944 national convention, which the GOP hopes will be the spring board for return to national political power. Chairman Harrison E. Spangler today issued a call for the meeting to be held at the Stevens Hotel. The 106 National Committee members and 96 State chairmen and vice chairmen were invited, making it a double-barreled affair. Mr. Spangler has been meeting State chairmen in regional groups on swings about the country. This will be the first time he has had them all together since his election to the chairmanship last December. Democrats Also Jo Meet. The Democrats also are expected to meet in January to arrange for their convention. Both parties in the past have held these site-select | ing conferences in Washington. But Mr. Spangler said transportation difficulties dictated the choice of a centrally-located city. For similar reasons both parties have been urged by Defense Trans portation Director Joseph B. East man to hold their conventions in Chicago. Because the Midwest proved the GOP's most important stronghold in the 1942 elections and will be a main battleground m 1944, the Republicans more than likely will choose Chicago or some other Midwestern city. The Demo crats also are leaning toward Chi cago. Philadelphia and Cleveland have put out feelers for both conventions, while St. Louis and Los Angeles have inquired about the Democratic, and Atlantic City and Detroit about the Republican. Philadelphia has entered a tenta tive bid of $100,000 for the Demo (See POLITICS, Page A-6.X 600 Gonzaga Students Attend Mass for Injured Grid Player While Tommy Dunigan, 15, re mained in critical condition today at Providence Hospital with frac tured vertebrae and a severed spinal cord received in a football accident, 600 fellow students of Gonzaga High School went to mass in a body this morning and prayed for his “speedy recovery or happy death.” Gloom hung over the school and no one was more brokenhearted than the Rev. Cornelius A. Herlihy, S. J., who has been director of ath letics at the school for five years. “It’s a miracle that Tommy is living,” Father Herlihy said, “and it will be a very great miracle if he pulls through all right. We are all praying for it.” Tommy, who is in an oxygen tent and iron lung, was given Extreme Unction and the prayers for the dying were said next to his hospital cot by the Jesuits who had been a. teaching him at Gonzaga. When it was over, he asked, “Who were you praying for?” Father Herlihy told how the acci dent had happened Tuesday. Tommy was playing end on the second year boys’ team, one of the two teams of the junior varsity squad. Phil Daly, also 15, of Bethesda started on run around Tommy’s end. He al most got away but Tommy stopped him with a diving shoestring tackle. Both boys went up in the air. When they came down Phil’s knee and entire weight hit Tommy on the back of the neck. "Both boys were out for five min utes,” rather Herlihy said, and added with regretful pride: “M. youngsters play the game like the best of them. They hit hard.” The football squad waited around that evening to hear the report from (See DUNIGAN, Page A-6.) Wilson's Resignation From WPB Reported Accepted by Nelson Will Leave as Soon as Continued Rise in Plane Output Is Certain By th* Associated Press. The resignation of Charles E. Wilson, executive vice chairman of the War Production Board, has been accepted by Chairman Don ald M. Nelson, informed sources reported today. The resignation, not officially con firmed, probably will become effec tive within a few weeks, or as soon as a continued rise in aircraft pro duction establishes that October's 9 per cent gain was not a production fluke. Although Mr. Wilson—who has been the virtual “general manager” of WPB since last February—denied last week Jhat he contemplated leav ing, his associates said he had re quested some time ago to be relieved to return to General Electric Co. He was G. E.'s president before Mr. Nelson went to President Roosevelt last fall and askegi the Chief Execu tive to persuade Mr. Wilson to come here. Mr. Nelson has now yielded to the pleas of Mr. Wilson and General Electric for Mr. Wilson's return—one of the biggest war contract holders— because of his belief that recent pro duction statistics demonstrate that Mr. Wilson has succeeded in break ing the production bottlenecks which he was brought in to crack, respon sible officials declared. Mr. Nelson is expected to take over Mr. Wilson's job. while continuing his present duties. It was learned also that two other high WPB officials had asked to be allowed to return to their companies. H. G. Batcheller wants to go back to the Alleghany Ludlum Steel Corp., Pittsburgh, resigning his post as WPB vice chairman for operations. W. B. Murray, deputy vice chair man for production and Mr. Wilson's chief “bottleneck-buster,” has sought leave to return to the Campbell Soup Co. It was believed that Mr. Nelson would atempt to persuade Mr. Batcheller and Mr. Murphy to re main in Washington for a time. Senator Scrugham Seeks Probe of Liquor Industry A Senate investigation of the alco holic beverage industry ‘‘in all its phases” was asked for today by Sen ator Scrugham, Democrat, of Ne vada. His resolution was referred to the Judiciary Committee for pre liminary study. The resolution calls for “a full and complete study and investigation with respect to the business prac tices and operations of the alcoholic beverage industry in all its phases, including any matters relating to the production, importation, distribution, purchase or sale of whisky, gin, rum, brandy or other distilled spirits, <?r wine or malt beverages.” The committee would be instructed to report back any new legislation deemed necessary. The resolution would authorize the committee to call on Government departments for assistance, and to conduct hearings. An estimate of $10,000 was placed on the cost of the inquiry. Coal Pay Raise Gets Approval Of President Three Named to Study Underground Travel Issue President Roosevelt today ap proved the Ickes-Lewis coal miners’ wage agreement and at the same time appointed a three member board, headed by Morris L. Cooke, to investigate the con troversial issue of underground travel time, provision for which was inserted for the first time in the pact negotiated by the Gov ernment with the United Mine Workers. Mr. Cooke, former head of the Rural Electrical Administration, will represent the public; Thomas Ken nedy, secretary-treasurer of the United Mine Workers, labor, and R. L. Island, jr„ president of the Hanna Coal Co.. Cleveland, management. In working out the details of the wage settlement, Secretary of the Interior Ickes and UMW President John L. Lewis agreed on 45 minutes for travel time.. Some mine oper ators already are contending that the miners require far more than that to get from mine entrance to the actual scene of digging opera tions. When the War Labor Board ap proved the agreement, it suggested that the travel time issue be studied so more exact information on the variations between different coal mining areas could be obtained. At the same time WLB Chairman Wil liam H. Davis notified Mr. Roose velt of the board’s action, and the President's response today conveyed his approval both of the agreement and of the recommendation for the study committee. Text of President’* Letter. The text of Mr. Roosevelt’s letter to Mr. Davis follows: “This will acknowledge your let ters of November 5 and 6 with the reference to the board's action with regard to the agreement as to the Output of Soft Coal , Drops 8V2 Million Tons in Week St the Associated Press. Production of bituminous coal for the week ended No vember 6 was estimated by the National Coal Association to day at 2,790.000 tons, compared with 11.379.000 tons produced In the corresponding week a year ago. Declaring that "strikes throughout the industry caused' this loss of production,” the agency said the week’s output compared with 9.825.000 tons in the preceding week. The year's production Jan uary 1 to November 6. also fell below the tonnage for the same period of 1942. Thus far 492, 340.000 of soft coal tons have been produced, compared with 494.310.000 tons last year. terms and conditions of employ ments for the period of the opera te of the coal mines by the Gov ernment. “I am approving the action taken by the board with reference to the agreement, subject to the conditions stated in your letter to me of No vember 5 and more specifically set forth in your letter to Secretary Ickes of the same date. “In your letter to Secretary Ickei of November 5 you state: " “ ‘The board is very definitely of the opinion in the approval of any agreement that may be made be tween the operators and the mine workers the board should have more exact information as to the actual travel time and also a concrete estimate of the possibilities of reduc ing travel time in the several con tract areas, and it certainly would be desirable to have that informa tion broken down for the mining districts and for the price areas. ‘The existing possibility of reduc ing the amount of travel time can justify an assumption of average 1 travel time somewhat greater than 1 the actual amount of travel time. With the more exact information, the parties and the board would be in a position to determine whether j the assumed average is reasonably j within the principle of the board's decision, i. e„ that the wages paid for the first 40 hours of the week ’ (See COAL. Page A^6T) ~ Ceylon Downs Jap Plane; Madras, India, Has Alert COLOMBO, Ceylon. Nov. 12.—En ! emy planes approached Ceylon early j today and one was shot down by ! anti-aircraft defenses. No bombs were dropped. Dispatches from Madras, India, on the mainland north of Ceylon, said an alert was sounded there during the night also, but that no bombs were dropped. Rounding out a picture of wide spread Japanese air activity, a New Delhi communique said a forward Allied air field, presumably near the Burma border, also was attacked yesterday by enemy bombers. Some civilian casualties resulted, but damage was slight, the commu nique said. Atherton Nominated To Ambassador's Rank Ej the Associated Press. Ray Atherton, now serving as Minister to Canada, was nominated by President Roosevelt today for ad vancement to the rank of ambas sador. That was done under an arrange ment with the Dominion, announced yesterday, by which the two neigh boring countries elevate their lega , tlons to the rank of embassies and . their diplomatic representatives fnAn ministers to ambassadors.