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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 12, 1943, Image 1

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tqfr Now York MorMti, Pogo A-21.
Guide for Readers
Page, i
Amusements ..B-17
Editorials .A-12
Edit! Articles . A-13
Lost and Found A-3
Obituary .A-14
Radio _B-23
Society ..B-3
Where to Go ..B-ll
Woman's Page B-18
An Associated .Press Newspaper
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Bad Weather
Slows Allied
Gains in Italy
5fh Army Beats
Off Counterattack,
Takes Prisoners
By th« Associated Press.
Algiers, Nov. 12.—Extremely bad
weather and difficult terrain in
front of the Germans’ winter
defense line slowed the Allied
drive in Italy to limited gains,
Allied headquarters announced
A one-mile advance by Lt, Gen.
Mark W. Clark’* Americans of the
5th Army and the capture of one
more commanding feature on the
alopes of Mount Camino near Mig
nano at the western end of the
Allied line were announced. Gen.
Sir Bernard L. Montgomery’s 8th
Army engaged in sharp patrol skirm
ishing near Acquaviva in the central
sector and exchanged artillery fire
with the Germans across the San
gro River in the east.
A sharp German counterattack at
Calabritto near Migngno was beaten
back by the 5th Army and prisoners
were taken.
(“A powerful German counter
attack” succeeded in taking a hill
position and a village south of
Mignano, in Italy, the German
communique said today. “Amer
ican troops west of the Volturno,
despite heavy losses, are contin
uing for days their unsuccessful
attacks on our hill positions,” the
communique said.)
Little Hope of Holding Gaeta.
With little change in the last 24
hours along the whole length of the
front, Allied air forces opened a
new offensive on the supply lines of
the fortress of Europe. Liberators
of the 15th Air Force reached across
the Alps into Southern France for
two smashing blows at railways and
war industries at Annecy and near.
Cannes in co-operation with similar
assaults by the RAF in Britain. RAF
Wellingtons struck by night at the
freight yards at Prato near Florence.
The Liberators were unescorted
and all returned safely.
Despite the slow Allied march, the
Germans apparently had little hope
of holding Gaeta very long. Aerial
reconnaissance showed they had
blown up the oil tanks at that west
coast port -nine miles behind the
present lines.
New Demolitions at Leghorn.
Reconnaissance also brought back
evidence that they had carried out
new demolitions at Leghorn, sinking
two more ships in Leghorn harbor
in an effort to close its northern
entrance. The Germans appar
ently had decided to dispense with
the use of Leghorn even for coastal
shipping and sealed the harbor to
Impede any Allied raids or coast
hopping landings.
There also was widespread Allied
air activity over the front and be
hind the linesv
American invaders blew up an
ammunition dump, attacked a
bridge, strafed a locomotive and de
stroyed four trucks near Cassino, 8
miles beyond Mignano. Warhawks
attacked several strong points. Bos
tons and Baltimores blew up a
chemical works at Bussi, 23 miles
northeast of Avezzano, and South
African and British fighter-bombers
plastered numerous gun positions.
100 Seek Lost Boyr 3,
In Ozark Mountains
Sy ths Associated Press.
PINDALL, Ark., Nov. 12. —A
Marching party of more than 100
persons combed through dense
Ozark Mountain underbrush in this
area today in search of 3-year-old
Ralph Wilson, who wandered away
from home yesterday pursuirig a
friendly stray dog.
An all-night hunt by the search
ers, recruited from three nearby
counties, brought no trace of the
boy, son of Mr. and Mrs. Elmer
Wilson of Pindall, Search (bounty
The Wilsons said the dog showed
up at their home about three days
ago and that the boy became at
tached to it.
Mrs. Wilson expressed apprehen
sion over the lightly clothed boy
because of near-freezing weather.
$250 Forfeited on Charge
Of rTie-inr Liquor Sale
E. F. McKannon, manager of the
Governor Shepherd Drug Co., 2121
Virginia avenue N.W., forfeited $250
today in Municipal Court on a
charge of violating the Price Control
Act by forcing a customer to buy a
bottle of wine as a condition for
purchasing a bottle of whisky. Court
officials said this was the first case
of a “tie-in” sale involving whisky
in the District.
Creed Clark, 1123 C street Ni.,
entered the drug store to buy a bot
tle of whisky and McKannon told
him he could not have the whisky
unless he also bought a bottle of
wine, OPA officials charged Clark
made the twin purchase with OPA
Inspectors as witnesses.
Municipal Judge Walter P. Casey
approved the forfeiture with the
acquiescence of the OPA.
Crash Kills Test Pilot;
Father Died Similarly
2} the Associated Press.
DETROIT, Nov. 12. —Second Lt.
John Winthrop Powell of Fargo,
N. Dak., was killed yesterday when
his plane crashed on a routine flight
nine miles northwest of the Romulus
(Mich.) air base.
The 21-year-old Air Service Com
mand flyer’s father, Maj. George N.
Powell, lost his life similarly in an
Army plane crash in the Southwest
Pacific last June.
U. S. Hold on Bougainville Firm;
Nimitz Hints More Attacks
Early Central Pacific Smash Indicated;
Allies Deny Jap Sinkina Claims
Bougainville on Page A-5.
Bj the Associated Tress.
—United States marines and
Army reinforcements have estab
lished a solid 6-mile beachhead
on Bougainville, while the ma
rines, who were landed two weeks
ago on nearby Choiseul to divert
the Japanese from the thrust at
Empress Augusta Bay, have com
pleted their mission and with
Today's communique reported a
22-ton bombing raid by Liberators
on the naval base of Soerabaja,
Java, entailing a round trip flight of
more than 2,000 miles; the sinking
by aerial action of an enemy de
stroyer off Kavleng, New Ireland,
and a possible torpedo hit on a
cruiser by planes raiding Rabaul.
(Admiral Chester W. Nimitz,
commander in chief of the Pa
cific Fleet, speaking last night at
Pearl Harbor, seemed to indi
cate an early smash at the Jap
anese mandated islands in the
Marshall and Gilbert groups of
the Central Pacific. Story on
page A-2.)
Jap Sinking Claims Denied.
Meanwhile, Gen. MacArthur and
Admiral Halsey gave the lie to Jap
anese claims of sinking battleships,
aircraft carriers, cruisers and de
stroyers during the current Allied
drive in the Northern Solomons to
ward Rabaul. '
Not one Allied warship has gone
down, they said through their
The naval score since the marines
landed November 1 on the now
firmly secured Empress Augusta Bay
beachhead thus reads:
Against Japan—Three cruisers and
eight destroyers sunk; at least 11
cruisers and four destroyers damaged
and two cruisers probably damaged.
Against the Allies—Damage to an
undisclosed number of warships.
“Japanese claims of sinking war
ships and of a naval battle subse
quent to the naval action reported
off Bougainville the night of Novem
ber 1-2 are without any basis what
soever,” Gen. MacArthur's spokes
man said.
Enemy Claim Clouded.
The November 1-2 battle was the
one in which American warships
intercepting an enemy task force
of J2 heading for the Baugainville
beachhead, sank a cruiser and four
destroyers and damaged two cruisers
and two destroyers without loss to
Admiral Halsey’s spokesman was
even more to the point. He said the
Japanese had not sunk a single
Allied warship since the United
States destroyer Chevalier went
down on October 6.
Even in the Chevalier's case, the
Japanese claim was clouded. Tor
that destroyer sustained only damage
during a battle in the Vella Gulf
which resulted in the sinking of a
Japanese cruiser and two destroyers
and the damaging of two other de
stroyers. Later the Chevalier col
lided with another destroyer and
was cut in two.
Late News
U. S. Destroyer Sunk
The Navy Department an
nounced this afternoon that
the destroyer Beatty was sunk
in the Mediterranean last Sat
urday as a result of enemy
aircra/t action. The com
mander of the vessel was Lt.
Comdr. William Outerson, U.
S. N., of Hollywood, Calif., who
was reported to have survived.
Anti poll Tax Bill Approved
The House-approved anti
poll tax bill, regarded as cer
tain to cause a Senate filibus
ter, was reported favorably, 12
to 6, by the Senate Judiciary
Committee. Seven Democrats
and five Republicans voted for
the measure and four Demo
crats and two Republicans op
posed it. Senator Connally,
Democrat, of Texas' said, “1
hope the chairman (Senator
Van Nuys, Democrat, of In
diana) will put a large black
wreath on the door” (of the
committee room). Senator
Van Nuys voted for the bill.
British Warn French
They Will Not Allow
Disorder in Lebanon
Take Strong Position
As De Gaullists Seize
Members of Parliament
Er the Associated Press.
LONDON, Nov. 12.—Amid dis
orders and mounting protests,
the Lebanese Parliament was
dissolved today by French Com
missioner Jean Hellu, who asked
former President Emile Eddeh to
form a new government for
Lebanon, the predominantly
Moslem territory between Pales
tine and Turkey.
The British and Egyptian govern
ments, the Egyptian press and Arab
leaders protested yesterday’s arrest
of members of the government and
Parliament. The British declared
they would not permit disorder in
the Lebanon area.
One Cairo newspaper, the British
owned Bourse Egyptienne, proposed
editorially that President Roosevelt
arbitrate the dispute arising over
Lebanon’s status.
Fearful of Bloodshed.
A representative of the French
Committee of Liberation at Algiers
■aid the French view Lebanon as
neither a French colony nor a man
late, but in the process of attaining
i new status as an independent state
linked to France by treaty.
As the Egyptian newspaper Almisri
proclaimed the French action as
imitating the Germans, both Chris
tian and Moslem leaders called on
the British Minister General at
Beirut, Lebanon’s capital, to warn
that bloodshed would be inevitable
(See LEBANON, Page A-20.)
Axis-Held Lands Ask
45,850,000 Tons of
Food and Equipment
Inter-Allied Committee
Forwards Requests
To UNRRA Session
Star Staff Correspondent.
European Allied countries now
under Axis domination have re
quested that 45,850,000 metric
tons of foodstuffs, clothing,
medical supplies and industrial
items be sent into those countries
during the first six months after
their liberation, the Interallied
Committee on Postwar Require
ments in London reported today
to the United Nations Relief and
Rehabilitation Conference meet
ing here.
Asiatic estimates are unavailable
and Russia is not included in the
European estimates. Her needs would
require 23,485.000 tons of shipping.
It will be up to UNRRA to decide
whether to include nonoccupied
areas like India in the scope of Its
work, Col. John Llewellin, British
UNRRA delegate, said today.
Earlier, in his addriss accepting the
position of UNRRA director general,
Herbert H. Lehman told the dele
gates of the 44 governments which
compose this international body
that he sees his job, in broad terms,
as an opportunity to lay the founda-|
tions for a lasting peace as well as
to speed up the task of winning,
the war.
Most Determine Scope.
Prom now on the main issue of
the conference, and the UNRRA
Council Central Committee after the
conference meeting, will be whether
the organization will undertake a
relief and rehabilitation job on the
broad scale or operate within a
relatively narrow scope with the
simpler aim of making available to
the people liberated from the Axis
occupation their bare food, cloth
ing and medical necessities.
He implied that surplus nations
would be asked by the UNRRA to
continue rationing after the war,
saying that a critical shortage of
supplies will exist immediately after
the armistice and that one of the
chief objectives of the administra
tion must be to see that the limited
supplies are evenly distributed.
Keynote Is Speed.
The keynote here now is action
and speed. The conference adopted
an agenda resolution presented by
Foreign Minister Masayrk of Czecho
slovakia placing the end of the con
ference at two weeks from Saturday.
The original arrangement was to
continue it to Dcember 12, The
Claridge hotel, which is the confer
ence headquarters, has a contract
calling for five weeks.
Controversy Put Aside.
Assistant Secretary of State
Acheson, elected council chair
man yesterday, indicated at a
press conference that all controver
sial questions incident to the pri
mary problem of getting into action
would be shoved aside at this con
ference and dealt with later—ques
tions like the amount of goods each
country will need, the political ques
tions revolving around trying inter
(See RELIEF, Page A-5.)
Italian Chief of Staff Ousted
As 'War Criminal' in Yugoslavia
By the Associated Press.
ALGIERS, Nov. 12.—Gen. Mario
Roatta, chief of staff of the Italian
Army, whom the Yugoslavs have
charged with being a war criminal,
has been removed from his post, it
was announced officially today.
The Yugoslav government-in-exile
charged that Gen. Roatta was
responsible for a reign of terror
during the Italian occupation of
Yugoslavia, and asked the Allies to
have Marshal Badoglio dismiss him.
The charges against Roatta may
be the first presented before the
United Nations commission to be
set up in London, where a decision
likely will be reached whether he
will be sent to Yugoslavia for trial
under the terms of the Moscow
conference. ^
(In announcing the Allied re
quest for Roatta's removal Wed
nesday, British Minister of State
Richard K. Law also told the
House of Commons in London
that Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower
still had under consideration “the
case of Gen. (Vittorio) Ambro
sio,” another of Marshal Bado
glio’s chiefs of staff whom the
Yugoslavs have charged with war
Roatta's removal was the first
tangible evidence that the Allied
command was requiring Marshal
Badoglio to rid his army of former
Fascist commanders accused of in
famous conduct. There have been
indications that others are on the
Reds Converge
On Zhitomir,
Key Rail City
Nazis' Last Link
Between North
And South Fronts
(Map on Page A-20.)
By the Associated Press.
MOSCOW, Nov. 12.—Red Army
troops, pushing west from Kiev
today, were converging rapidly
on Zhitomir, strategic junction
point of the Germans’ last north
south railway communications
line short of the prewar Polish
Occupation of Radomysl, an
nounced in last night’s communique,
put the spearheads of the Russian
1st Army of the Ukraine less than 30
miles from the vital Korosten-Zhito
mlr-Berdichev railway and only 28
miles from Zhitomir itself.
(Reuters dispatches to London
today said the Reds had stormed
to a point 10 miles northeast of
Other units of the 1st Army, op
erating immediately to the south,
captured Brusilov, 36 miles east of
Zhitomir, and Kornin, 38 miles
southeast of the junction. Berdi
chev, junction for railways leading
to Poland and Rumania, lies 44 miles
to the southwest of Kornia.
Reds Advance 60 Miles.
Counting yesterday’s gains the
Russians have advanced nearly 60
miles west of Kiev, captured last
Saturday, toward the sole railroad
giving the Germans a direct connec
tion between their forces at opposite
ends of the far-flung front.
Altogether. Gen. Nikolai Vatutin's
1st Army yesterday overran more
than 100 towns and villages, in its
deepest westward drive of the cam
paign, a Soviet communique said.
Cutting of the Korosten-Berdichev
railway and the consequent splitting
of the Nazi Ukraine armies would
open the way for a direct advance
to the Polish frontier, 60 miles fur
ther west.
Other Soviet forces plunged ahead
on the Gomel front, 140 miles north
of Kiev, the Russian bulletin said,
capturing six fortified places and
killing 2,000 Germans. This drive
was apparently aimed at Rechitsa,
25 miles west of German-held
Gomel, which has now been by
Battling West of Nevel.
Battles of “local importance” in
which 4,500 Germans were slain,
were reported on the north-central
front west of Nevel, where Russian
forces were attempting to outflank
Vitebsk, one of the most highly
fortified German zones of resist
Russian troops on the Eastern
Crimea beachheads have improved
their positions and killed 700 Ger
mans in repulsing vigorous counter
attacks, the communique reported.
(The Berlin radio said the
Russians everywhere were em
ploying “numerically superior”
forces in an effort to “force a
turning point of the entire war.”
(Capt. Ludwig Sertorious, Ger
man military expert, in a broad
cast recorded by the Associated
Press, said it was evidence that
in order to maintain the pace of
the offensive, now in its fifth
month, Russia was “squeezing
the manpower reserves of even
those who credited Stalin with a
maximum of brutality and ruth
' (He asserted that the Russians
have imported “vast numbers of
Chinese coolies to release Soviet
workers for military service.")
Mercury Falls to Freezing;
38 Degrees Due Tonight
The District's first freezing tem
perature of the season was recorded
early today when the mercury
reached a low of 32 degrees at 7:55
Warmer weather was in prospect
for tonight and tomorrow, however.
The mercury began rising shortly
after it touched the freezing mark
and the Weather Bureau said the
day was to be fair, with tempera
tures rising slowly to about 47 de
A low of 38 degrees is expected to
night. The forecast for tomorrow is
“warmer and partly cloudy.”
The highest temperature yester
day was 44 degrees, recorded at 4:10
pm. The temperature at midnight
was 37 degrees.
8 Norwegians Executed
By Nazis as Spies
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, Nov. 12.—The Norwe
gian Telegraph Agency said today
that eight Norwegians had been
executed by the Germans at Trom
soe October 23 following their con
viction on charges of "espionage and
assisting espionage for the benefit
of an enemy country.”
Fourteen more, including three
women, were given sentences rang
ing from six to 15 years, the agency
Algiers Radio Reports
Count Sforza in Hospital
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, Nov. 12.—The French
radio at Algiers today quoted a
report from Italv that Count Carlo
Sforza is in a hospital awaiting an
urgent operation.
Count Sforza, 70, has been men
tioned as a likely successor to Mar
shal Pietro Badoglio as premier in
the new Italian government now
taking shape. One of Mussolini's
most forceful opponents, he recently
returned to Italy after a voluntary
exile of several years.
In New York City, Countess Sforza
said that she had had no word that
her husband was awaiting an opera
tion. She said she understood that
he had suffered a slight attack of
influenza a few days ago.
Tax Measure Heads
For Vote in House
$2,142,900,000 Provided
Is About One-Fifth of
Administration's Goal
Er the Associated Press.
Given a new slogan by Chair
man Doughton—“You can shear
a sheep every year, but you can
skin him but once”—the Ways
and Means Committee headed
toward the House floor today
with a $2,142,900,000 tax bill.
Representative Carlson, Repub
lican, of Kansas, committee member,
predicted "the House and the coun
try” would accept this second war
time revenue measure, which Is
about one-fifth the *10,500,000,000
asked by the administration. It
would provide new Federal revenue
to supplement the approximately
*38,000.000.000 collected under pres
ent tax laws.
The bill, formally approved by the
committee last night, calls princi
pally for higher postal rates, higher
excises on so-called luxuries—liquor,
$9 a gallon; horse racing, amuse
ments, furs, jewelry, lipstick and
other consumer items—and an in
crease in the wartime levy on cor
poration "excess profits.”
Income Tax Changed Little.
It alters but little the taxes on
individual incomes and makes no
change in the normal and surtax
levies on corporate earnings.
The 20 per cent withholding rate
against the taxable portions of
wages and salaries would remain the
same. There is no retail sales tax
plan, and present rates on estates
and gifts would not be disturbed
The committee voted against raising
excises on mouth washes and denti
Major provisions of the bill in
1. Merger of the Victory tax with
the individual incomelevy, picking
up $12,000,000 in the process by re
pealing the Victory levy and rais
ing the normal personal income rate
from 6 to 10 per cent, and adjusting
some surtaxes. Special provisions
are made to retain on the tax rolls
some 9,000,000 persons now paying
Victory levies, but whose earnings
are not large enough to be affected
by the regular income tax. For
these the income tax will approxi
mate their former net Victory pay
2. Boost some postal rates and
hike excises, to bring in about $1,
375,000,000 additional revenue—
around $479,000,000 of which would
come from consumers of liquor, beer
and wine.
Beer, Wine Excises Raised.
After about-facing four times, the
committee decided to put the liquor
tax at $9 a gallon, compared with
the present $6 rate. It previously
had fluctuated between $8 and $10.
The beer tax would be jumped from
$7 to $8 a barrel and wine increased
all along the line. There are no
increase in cigarette or other to
bacco excises.
The bill would raise the in-town
letter rate from 2 cents to 3, leaving
the out-of-town charge at 3 cents;
jump the airmail rate from 6 cents
to 8, double third class mail rates,
insured and COD mail, and increase
charges for registered mail and
(See TAXES, Page A-20.)
Jury Proposal for Deportation
Of De Marigny Held Ineffective
Judge Will Pass Suggestion Along,
But Has No Authority to Enforce It
By ihe Associated Presa.
NASSAU, Bahamas, Nov. 12.—
Alfred de Marigny, whom a jury
acquitted last night of a charge of
murdering his wealthy father-in
law, Sir Harry Oakes, was enjoying
a reunion today with his red-headed
wife Nancy, eldest daughter of the
slain baronet, apparently little dis
turbed that the jury recommended
his immediate deportation.
The jury decided by a 9-to-3 vote
that it was not De Marigny who
beat the multi-millionaire on the
head last July 8 and set fire to his
bedroom and bed in an apparent ef
fort to hide the crime.
But in acquitting De Marigny. the
jurors recommended that he be de
ported—a suggestion which appar
ently has no legal standing. The
jury was unanimous in saying they
did not want him to remain in this
Chief Justice Sir Oscar Bedford
Daly said he only could pass the;
recommendation along to authori
ties. Attorneys privately commented
that there is no legal basis for de
Once the “not guilty” verdict was
announced to cheering spectators:
who jammed the tiny courtroom, po-'
lice officials again were confronted;
by an unsolved killing with clues
which have grown cold during the'
four months while De Marigny was
under arrest.
Lady Eunice Oakes, widow of the
slain baronet and most tragic figure
(See OAKES. Page A-2J
GOP Leaders to Meet
In Chicago Jan. 10-11
To Plan Convention
National Committeemen
And State Chairmen
Invited by Spangler
By the Associated Pres*.
Republican leaders will meet
in Chicago January 10 and 11 to
select a date and place for the
1944 national convention, which
the GOP hopes will be the spring
board for return to national
political power.
Chairman Harrison E. Spangler
today issued a call for the meeting
to be held at the Stevens Hotel. The
106 National Committee members
and 96 State chairmen and vice
chairmen were invited, making it
a double-barreled affair.
Mr. Spangler has been meeting
State chairmen in regional groups
on swings about the country. This
will be the first time he has had
them all together since his election
to the chairmanship last December.
Democrats Also Jo Meet.
The Democrats also are expected
to meet in January to arrange for
their convention. Both parties in
the past have held these site-select
| ing conferences in Washington. But
Mr. Spangler said transportation
difficulties dictated the choice of a
centrally-located city.
For similar reasons both parties
have been urged by Defense Trans
portation Director Joseph B. East
man to hold their conventions in
Chicago. Because the Midwest
proved the GOP's most important
stronghold in the 1942 elections and
will be a main battleground m
1944, the Republicans more than
likely will choose Chicago or some
other Midwestern city. The Demo
crats also are leaning toward Chi
Philadelphia and Cleveland have
put out feelers for both conventions,
while St. Louis and Los Angeles have
inquired about the Democratic, and
Atlantic City and Detroit about the
Philadelphia has entered a tenta
tive bid of $100,000 for the Demo
(See POLITICS, Page A-6.X
600 Gonzaga Students Attend
Mass for Injured Grid Player
While Tommy Dunigan, 15, re
mained in critical condition today
at Providence Hospital with frac
tured vertebrae and a severed spinal
cord received in a football accident,
600 fellow students of Gonzaga High
School went to mass in a body this
morning and prayed for his “speedy
recovery or happy death.”
Gloom hung over the school and
no one was more brokenhearted
than the Rev. Cornelius A. Herlihy,
S. J., who has been director of ath
letics at the school for five years.
“It’s a miracle that Tommy is
living,” Father Herlihy said, “and
it will be a very great miracle if he
pulls through all right. We are all
praying for it.”
Tommy, who is in an oxygen tent
and iron lung, was given Extreme
Unction and the prayers for the
dying were said next to his hospital
cot by the Jesuits who had been
teaching him at Gonzaga. When it
was over, he asked, “Who were you
praying for?”
Father Herlihy told how the acci
dent had happened Tuesday. Tommy
was playing end on the second year
boys’ team, one of the two teams of
the junior varsity squad. Phil Daly,
also 15, of Bethesda started on
run around Tommy’s end. He al
most got away but Tommy stopped
him with a diving shoestring tackle.
Both boys went up in the air. When
they came down Phil’s knee and
entire weight hit Tommy on the
back of the neck.
"Both boys were out for five min
utes,” rather Herlihy said, and
added with regretful pride: “M.
youngsters play the game like the
best of them. They hit hard.”
The football squad waited around
that evening to hear the report from
(See DUNIGAN, Page A-6.)
Wilson's Resignation
From WPB Reported
Accepted by Nelson
Will Leave as Soon as
Continued Rise in
Plane Output Is Certain
By th* Associated Press.
The resignation of Charles E.
Wilson, executive vice chairman
of the War Production Board, has
been accepted by Chairman Don
ald M. Nelson, informed sources
reported today.
The resignation, not officially con
firmed, probably will become effec
tive within a few weeks, or as soon
as a continued rise in aircraft pro
duction establishes that October's 9
per cent gain was not a production
Although Mr. Wilson—who has
been the virtual “general manager”
of WPB since last February—denied
last week Jhat he contemplated leav
ing, his associates said he had re
quested some time ago to be relieved
to return to General Electric Co.
He was G. E.'s president before Mr.
Nelson went to President Roosevelt
last fall and askegi the Chief Execu
tive to persuade Mr. Wilson to come
Mr. Nelson has now yielded to the
pleas of Mr. Wilson and General
Electric for Mr. Wilson's return—one
of the biggest war contract holders—
because of his belief that recent pro
duction statistics demonstrate that
Mr. Wilson has succeeded in break
ing the production bottlenecks which
he was brought in to crack, respon
sible officials declared.
Mr. Nelson is expected to take over
Mr. Wilson's job. while continuing
his present duties.
It was learned also that two other
high WPB officials had asked to be
allowed to return to their companies.
H. G. Batcheller wants to go back
to the Alleghany Ludlum Steel Corp.,
Pittsburgh, resigning his post as
WPB vice chairman for operations.
W. B. Murray, deputy vice chair
man for production and Mr. Wilson's
chief “bottleneck-buster,” has sought
leave to return to the Campbell
Soup Co.
It was believed that Mr. Nelson
would atempt to persuade Mr.
Batcheller and Mr. Murphy to re
main in Washington for a time.
Senator Scrugham Seeks
Probe of Liquor Industry
A Senate investigation of the alco
holic beverage industry ‘‘in all its
phases” was asked for today by Sen
ator Scrugham, Democrat, of Ne
vada. His resolution was referred
to the Judiciary Committee for pre
liminary study.
The resolution calls for “a full and
complete study and investigation
with respect to the business prac
tices and operations of the alcoholic
beverage industry in all its phases,
including any matters relating to the
production, importation, distribution,
purchase or sale of whisky, gin, rum,
brandy or other distilled spirits, <?r
wine or malt beverages.”
The committee would be instructed
to report back any new legislation
deemed necessary. The resolution
would authorize the committee to
call on Government departments for
assistance, and to conduct hearings.
An estimate of $10,000 was placed on
the cost of the inquiry.
Coal Pay Raise
Gets Approval
Of President
Three Named to
Study Underground
Travel Issue
President Roosevelt today ap
proved the Ickes-Lewis coal
miners’ wage agreement and at
the same time appointed a three
member board, headed by Morris
L. Cooke, to investigate the con
troversial issue of underground
travel time, provision for which
was inserted for the first time in
the pact negotiated by the Gov
ernment with the United Mine
Mr. Cooke, former head of the
Rural Electrical Administration, will
represent the public; Thomas Ken
nedy, secretary-treasurer of the
United Mine Workers, labor, and R.
L. Island, jr„ president of the Hanna
Coal Co.. Cleveland, management.
In working out the details of the
wage settlement, Secretary of the
Interior Ickes and UMW President
John L. Lewis agreed on 45 minutes
for travel time.. Some mine oper
ators already are contending that
the miners require far more than
that to get from mine entrance to
the actual scene of digging opera
When the War Labor Board ap
proved the agreement, it suggested
that the travel time issue be studied
so more exact information on the
variations between different coal
mining areas could be obtained. At
the same time WLB Chairman Wil
liam H. Davis notified Mr. Roose
velt of the board’s action, and the
President's response today conveyed
his approval both of the agreement
and of the recommendation for the
study committee.
Text of President’* Letter.
The text of Mr. Roosevelt’s letter
to Mr. Davis follows:
“This will acknowledge your let
ters of November 5 and 6 with the
reference to the board's action with
regard to the agreement as to the
Output of Soft Coal
, Drops 8V2 Million
Tons in Week
St the Associated Press.
Production of bituminous
coal for the week ended No
vember 6 was estimated by the
National Coal Association to
day at 2,790.000 tons, compared
with 11.379.000 tons produced In
the corresponding week a year
Declaring that "strikes
throughout the industry caused'
this loss of production,” the
agency said the week’s output
compared with 9.825.000 tons
in the preceding week.
The year's production Jan
uary 1 to November 6. also fell
below the tonnage for the same
period of 1942. Thus far 492,
340.000 of soft coal tons have
been produced, compared with
494.310.000 tons last year.
terms and conditions of employ
ments for the period of the opera
te of the coal mines by the Gov
“I am approving the action taken
by the board with reference to the
agreement, subject to the conditions
stated in your letter to me of No
vember 5 and more specifically set
forth in your letter to Secretary
Ickes of the same date.
“In your letter to Secretary Ickei
of November 5 you state:
" “ ‘The board is very definitely of
the opinion in the approval of any
agreement that may be made be
tween the operators and the mine
workers the board should have more
exact information as to the actual
travel time and also a concrete
estimate of the possibilities of reduc
ing travel time in the several con
tract areas, and it certainly would
be desirable to have that informa
tion broken down for the mining
districts and for the price areas.
‘The existing possibility of reduc
ing the amount of travel time can
justify an assumption of average
1 travel time somewhat greater than
1 the actual amount of travel time.
With the more exact information,
the parties and the board would be
in a position to determine whether
j the assumed average is reasonably
j within the principle of the board's
decision, i. e„ that the wages paid
for the first 40 hours of the week
’ (See COAL. Page A^6T) ~
Ceylon Downs Jap Plane;
Madras, India, Has Alert
COLOMBO, Ceylon. Nov. 12.—En
! emy planes approached Ceylon early
j today and one was shot down by
! anti-aircraft defenses. No bombs
were dropped.
Dispatches from Madras, India, on
the mainland north of Ceylon, said
an alert was sounded there during
the night also, but that no bombs
were dropped.
Rounding out a picture of wide
spread Japanese air activity, a New
Delhi communique said a forward
Allied air field, presumably near the
Burma border, also was attacked
yesterday by enemy bombers.
Some civilian casualties resulted,
but damage was slight, the commu
nique said.
Atherton Nominated
To Ambassador's Rank
Ej the Associated Press.
Ray Atherton, now serving as
Minister to Canada, was nominated
by President Roosevelt today for ad
vancement to the rank of ambas
That was done under an arrange
ment with the Dominion, announced
yesterday, by which the two neigh
boring countries elevate their lega
, tlons to the rank of embassies and
. their diplomatic representatives
fnAn ministers to ambassadors.

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