Newspaper Page Text
Gen. Richardson Sees
Another Pearl Harbor Attack in 4 Months By EUGENE BURNS, Associated Press War Correspondent. HONOLULU, Nov. 13.—The com manding general of Army forces in Hawaii believes another Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor is likely Within the next four months. Vital Installations, Army and Navy hangars and supply dumps on Oahu Island would be the primary targets. If incendiaries were used some might be dropped on Hono lulu's water front. These are the considered opinions of military experts, including Lt. Gen. Robert C. Richardson, jr., commanding Army forces in Ha waii and in the Central Pacific areas. Gen. Richardson expressed the views in a conversation after study ing reports about the sighting of an enemy plane the night of October H. That enemy plane was caught in searchlight beams near Pearl Harbor, but it escaped. would Be excellent Propaganda. When the writer said that he wa? taking bets that Pearl Harboi would be attacked within si> months, the general said that he would be willing to reduce the time to four months. An attack on thus Portress fits into the military scheme. It is beyond calculation what it would be worth to the enemy to cause Pearl Harbor serious damage at this stage of the war. It is the base from which we must defeat Japan. And If this naval base is destroyed it will delay the defeat of Japan. For vain glorious facelifting, what could be better propaganda than a second attack on Pearl Har bor? The bright spot in the picture is that Oahu stands ready to destroy any surface or invasion force, re gardless of its might. Might Try Sneak Raid. Japan has a first- rate carrier force with which she has been ex tremely cautious since Santa Cruz, October 26, 1942. The chances are remote that she would risk these in ship-for-ship action. To date, in every action the Japanese used carriers only when they had us outnumbered two to one. There remains then the sneak raid. Why would the Japanese attack Within the next four months? They know North Pacific weather, much of which originates in the Kurile Islands and in the Japanese Current north of Oahu. This warm current meeting the cold Aleutian weather breeds fogs. Within the coming four winter months, the fog belt moves closer to Oahu. Decem ber. ;wo years ago. the Japs pati ently waited for this fog. then as r storm swept south to Oahu, they sneaked in under its protecting cover. Rest assured, what can be done to repel an enemy attack is being done on Oahu. The empsasis is on speed. Oahu's military garrison sprang to instant alert when the raider ap peared last month. Each morning, the commanding general makes his rounds and to his officers he forever drives home this point: “We can be bombed: we will be bombed; we must be#ready.” Diplomats to Attend Pan-American Mass Diplomatic representatives of the Latin American countries and high ranking United States officials will attend the Pan-American Mass on Thanksgiving Day at St, Patricks Church. Msgr. Patrick J. McCormick, new rector of Catholic University, will deliver the sermon and the Most Rev. Amleto Giovanni Cigonani. Apistolic Delegate to the United States, will preside at the ceremony The Most Rev. Michael J. Curley, Archbishop of Baltimore and Wash ington, will be the celebrant of the mass. A special musical program will be rendered by St. Patrick's choir. This will be the 34th annual Pan American mass to be celebrated at St. Patrick's. Yanks' Ma|ta Pilgrimage On Malta's National Day an American artillery unit made a pil grimage to St. Paul's Island, where St. Paul was shipwrecked, the pil grimage being an ancient custom which had lapsed for 300 years. Sonotone the LEADER among modern hearing aids - invites you... FREE—with no obligation whatever —you can have an accurate scientific picture of your individual hearing lossl Just mail the coupon, or tele phone for this FREE test. You may learn that you do not need a hearing aid, but if you do need help, and want help, you will find it with SONO TONE, the very finest of mod em instruments. Largest maker of hearing aids, SONOTONE • has pioneered nearly every im portant advance in better hear ing in 12 years. SEI fori —« •ty •ft I* ns \ 90 ! W I m: l or 1 11 ----T FLYER GETS NINE MEDALS—ALL AT ONCE—Maj. Edward Craag (right) of Greenwich, Conn., attached to the 5th Air Force Fighter Command, yesterday received nine medals—all pinned to his shirt by Brig. Gen. Paul Wurtsmith, commander of the group, at one ceremony somewhere in New Guinea. Maj. Craag, who bagged 14 Jap planes, won the Distinguished Service Cross, Silver Star. Distinguished Flying Cross, Purple Heart, two oak leaf clusters to the Sliver Star and three oak leaf clusters to the DFC. With him here is Capt. George S. Welch, a fellow PUot-___ ' —A. P. Wirephoto. Mac Arthur Still Needs Planes; More Men, Correspondent Finds Mr. Spencer, who first went into the Southwest Pacific as a war correspondent in 1942. re cently returned to Allied head quarters from a three-month va cation tour of the United States. By MERLIN SPENCER, Associated Press War Correspondent. SOUTHWEST PACIFIC ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Nov. 13.—The several score persons from San Francisco to New York who told me emphatically that Gen. Douglas MacArthur's Southwest Pacific com mand is receiving great increases in war supplies and men. are mistaken. But it required a 7.500 mile voyage to make sure. Their constant rep etition of the phrase, “But Mac Arthur is receiving much more now,” almost convinced me they might be right, although I had left the general’s headquarters only a short time before. Only a few short talks with key men and common soldiers were needed to leant that the constant pleas for more men and more sup plies, voiced for more than a year, haven't changed the situation mate rially. 300 Planes Total Strength. MacArthur’s own headquarters, after the raid on the Japanese fort ress at Rabaul in October, gave one clue. It was the largest raid ever staged by Lt. Gen. George C. Ken neys 5th Air Force in the South west Pacific and approximately 300 planes took to the air to dump 350 jtons of bombs on that New Britain base. The communique announcing the raid said, “every appropriate plane was used.’’ This meant, the great majority of planes able to take the air on a raid of that distance—ap proximately 1.000 miles from the farthest participating Allied base— were used. But the 300 figure looks small compared with the thousand plane raids launched against Germany from Britain. Even the Indian theater announced recently that 14,000 tons were dropped on the Japanese in a single month for an average of about 400 tons a day. MacArtliur never has had suffi cient planes even to approach India's monthly figure. His biggest single raid was 50 tons short of India's daily average. It was difficult during three months’ leave in the United States to determine the basis fot the fixed opinions of Midwesterners and East enters as to how the Southwest Pacific was fixed for men and material. Where Are They Going? There is no question, however, but that they believed great numbers of planes and men were sent this way, particularly since the visit of Gen. Kenney and Maj. Gen. Richard K Sutherland, MacArthur’s chief of staff, to Washington last spring. Persons living on the West Coast, watching convoys move out in im pressive force, may have assumed that all the ships were going to the Southwest Pacific, for they were headed westward. Several asked, “if they aren’t going to MacArthur, where are they going?" I rode a convoy more than»a year ago which left port with eight ships. Three of the eight branched off to a Pacific island. Farther on four ships put in at a South Pacific base. One ship continued to unload in Australia. It was like drawing water out of a leaky hose. While it is true that since June 30 MacArthur has had available for his campaigns in the Solomons much of the force already assembled and acting independently in the South Pacific, it doesn’t mean that the total strength of the two areas has been increased greatly. In Frequent Furloughs. Not only are more men and ma terial required if MacArthur is to take long strides on his wav back to the Philippines, but if this area is to be given the sole task of hold ing off the Japs while big Attacks are launched from India or other areas, it still has a big problem in the matter of replacements: I talked yesterday to an American soldier who had been in New Guinea for eight months without a furlough —not an uncommon thing in this area—and he was admiring the al most forgotten sight of white women in white dresses. American fliers serving in England are allowed to return home after 25 missions against the Germans. The Southwest Pacific can produce scores of pilots who have been on 50 or 60 or even more mission# against the Japanese and still haAe no prospect of replacement. Many pilots can wear three or four clusters to the Air Medal. The medal is awarded for 25 missions and each cluster is given for an ad ditional 25 missions. Thousands of troops have more U. S. Pacific Forces Superior fo Japanese, Authorities Contend By the Asaoclated Presa. American forces are reported here to have effective land, sea and air superiority over the Japanese in the South and Southwest Pacific areas. This is the main point made by Washington authorities, who would not be quoted by name, in comment ing today upon a report from Gen. Douglas MacArthur’s headquarters that the situation in those active war theaters has not changed sub stantially with respect to men and materials for more than a year. There is no disposition here to claim that Gen. MacArthur has re ceived all the reinforcements, planes and supplies that he has asked for his northward offensive. The con tention is rather that he has been furnished adequate forces, either directly in his own command or in the co-ordinated command of Ad miral William F. Halsey in the South Pacific, to carry out the strategic assignment given him. Objective Not Clear. The ultimate objective of that as signment is still not entirely clear. The immediate purpose undoubted ly is to knock out the Japanese base of Rabaul, keystone of the enemy's crumbling defense line in the South west Pacific sector. Possibly the intention of the high command, after this has been ac complished. is to consider the next step in view of circumstances exist ing on all the war fronts at that time. It may not be decided until then whether Gen. MacArthur will use Rabaul as the starting point for a gigantic drive to get back to the Philippines or whether his opera tions will be more local in charac ter and directed against enemy is land positions to the west of New Guinea or to the immediate north of Rabaul. The possibility that a new deci sion may have to be made is based .on the fact that the American com 1 mand ordinarily follows a highly [flexible strategy and does not com mit itself to major undertakings un til the means for accomplishing them are reasonably certain to be available. Secondary Front. If Gen. MacArthur is given a go ahead for a drive back to the Philip pines. he probably will need much larger forces than those now as signed to him, particularly in war ships and" transport facilities. If his job for a time will be to under take more limited trusts his require ments obviously would be less. The size of MacArthur's forces, therefore, are relative both to the task given him and to the amount of men Bnd materials available for assignment to all fronts. First pri ority for these still goes to the Euro pean theater where, it may be as sumed. the Allies are making every effort to accumulate an overwhelm ing force for the opening of a front in Northern France as soon as pas sible. Merchant Seaman Dies In Room, Gas Jets Open By the Associated Press. NEW YORK. Nov. J3.—Edward McArthur, 45. a merchant seaman of Albany, Ga„ was found dead to day of illuminating gas poisoning near the kitchenette stove of his furnished room here. A gas Jet on the stove was open. Police said the door and windows of the room were sealed with gummed paper tape, and the door had been locked and bolted. The body was found by the superintend ent of the rooming house where Mc Arthur had been living since No vember 3. A note found in the room was turned over to the medical exam iner's office, police said. than a year's service in New Guinea, dating front the days when the en tire island was a virtual front line. My soldier friend expressed an opinion typical of men who have been in forward areas a long time. "There ate lots of things bad about being up there that long," he said, "but the worst thing is that nobody back home seems to give a damn or , to give us the stuff we need to go further.” ---v5 6\ Naval Officers* Uniforms J Raincoats and Overcoats 3 Our Military' Dept, has nation-wide renown. *i In almost every mail, orders from widely jx scattered Bases come to this Establishment. 5 Such confidence we attribute to our continual ^ emphasis on Quality. 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Assault on Truk, Key Jap Base, Likely Soon North Pos, 1A MOIL | falalu to^NORTHfAST Pacific Ocean . £ a , ls A*’ ■ \ b/f* fAUS4i>0* Northeast Pass)” Main Entronce >0 LelomPass fMOM <s> 04 % PAR AM” jfSm DUBION ^ _. * l\ © © fir. l.o V; \ •. TS,S «*-« *5} * / TRUK ISLANDS 0.-^>Z, a\l "o | iol ^ ^STATOTlMILIS^ THIS IS TRUK—JAPANESE NAVAL STRONGHOLD—The Truk Islands constitute Japan’s most powerful naval base in the Central Pacific. Guarded by a coral reef broken by five major passages, the island group affords a shielded anchorage large enough to accommodate the entire Japanese fleet. The Truks are part of the Carolina Island group, and as a former German possession were mandated to Japan at the end of the First World War. ' _A. P. Wirephoto. By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, Nov. 13.—A little speck In the vast Pacific is the most formidable barrier to the Allies' eventual thrust at the heart of Ja pan. This shield is the sea fortress known as Truk, a naval base be lieved to be as nearly impregnable as any in the world and so located that any attempt to assault Japan or her holdings on the East China coast must be highly dangerous as long as it flies the flag of the Rising Sun. Truk's effectiveness as a shield for Japans East Asiatic sphere prob ably will be tested shortly by the mighty new forces the United States has concentrated in the Pacific. There is little doubt that the pres ent Allied drives converging on Ra baul. on New Britain, are prelimi naries to a smash at Truk Truk actually is not one island but a tight group of more than 200 little volcanic formations pushed up in the midst of the Carolines Archi pelago. one of the equatorial Pacific island chains Japan obtained under mandate as part of her spoils from the World War. Place of Mystery. Maps show the Carolines, refer ence books discuss their population and products and in the past Amer ican traders and tourists have trav elled among some of the larger ones. But at the outbreak of the war the name and significance of Truk was practically unknown except to pro fessional military men. Now the average newspaper reader is beginning to see it mentioned fre quently as the “Japanese Pearl Har bor.” and “the bastion of Japan's lifeline to the South Pacific,” and I "the next big goal after Rabaul." Even so Truk still is largely a mysterious place, as inscrutable as most of the Orient's secrets. What is known now about it, even by the Army and Navy, mostly is in formation obtained more than a quarter of a century ago when the Truk Islands belonged to Germany and were called the Hogoltt Islands. After the World War thev were among the many hundreds of Pacific isles mandated to Japan, which soon began fortifying Truk into its great est and most secret naval base. Well Suited for Base. The islands are incomparably fitted for such use. They are surrounded by a great circular reef of coral which forms a lagoon roughly 40 miles in diameter and in the quiet waters within is a fine anchorage big enough to accommodate the en tire Japanese Navy. Tlie guardian reef is passable at only five w’idely spaced points, fur nishing a natural protection against invasion, and in addition the islands inside have many adequate sites for airfields from which planes are able to roam far in every’ direction to stave off attack. The bigger islands in the group are from 10 to 15 miles in circum ference and vary in altitude from 100 to 1,358 feet abqve sea level At the last time a report was available before the war they were populated by 15.000 natives, 1,000 Japanese and only two dozen other foreigners of all nationalities. Remoteness Strategic. The strategic importance of the group rests largely in their remote ness from any base for an Allied attack. They are 3.200 miles west of Pearl Harbor as well as 2.100 miles south of Tokio itself, and approximately the same distance east of Manila. The closest point the United States ever held to them was Guam, about 600 miles to the north, which fell to the Japanese soon after Pearl Harbor. Because of these tremendous dis tances, the only way that the Ameri can and Allied forces can approach the stronghold, which they eventu ally must try to overcome, Is from the south. Haugland _ ‘ContinuedJProm First Page.) stroyers. but nothing was hit or damaged. "We threw everything in th® ®ook at them, and our own fighters and land-based planes got in good licks. By the time the Jap dive bombers finished their attack most of them were polished off. "Torpedo planes came in low over the water from every direction and . lAatltuS'1 The stylte t;\s Tet»ltlltve Idrctod us to lumen their torpedoes from different points. There wee a regular ring of orange balls all around the task force as their planes' started falling. They got three torpedoes through our de stroyer screen but failed to get a single hit. "I didn’t see a single torpedo plane or dive bomber get away.” Lt. Comdr. Donald White of New York City and Ridgewood, N. J., said the Japanese attack on the task force was so amazingly unsuccessful because of poor attack methods and lack of organization which made the planes easy game for the Amer icans. Comdr. White, who led one tor pedo squadron against the Japanese sea force at Rabaul, said some of the fighter pilots shot down as many as six planes. Lt. (j. g.) George Blair of Sewick ley, Pa., a fighter pilot, ran out of ammunition,” Comdr. White said, “and dropped his belly tank on top of a torpedo plane. He hit it squarely and knocked it down. One Touched Water. “I saw another fighter fly so close to the water his wings slapped into the W'aves three times yet he got up again safely.” Comdr. Massey said the American planes swept over the harbor from 9:05 a.m. to 9:35 a.m. A large storm cloud hung over much of the harbor, and the Japanese ships ran for pro tection in it. Dive bombers plunged upon tar gets on the cloud’s edge while tor pedo planes flew into the clouds for a low level attack on ships hiding there. Comdr. Paul Emereck of Butler. Pa., leading a torpedo group into the action, said “nine Jap fighters high above picked us up south of Rabaul off Cape St. George and kept watch ing us. A single plane on the port also tailed us but made no move to attack. No U. S. Planes Shot Down. “We had orders to attack ship ping in the harbor. Since the Japs were burned by our carriers only a few days ago, you might have ex pected they would have moved out of the harbor. But despite a rain squall covering the town and most of the harbor we could see three or four merchantmen and a light’ cruiser going around in circles. Two heavy cruisers and a light cruiser 1“ ■ i Values in MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS f™ 31.50 Kingston mm gf| Trombone ^vlavU Martin 115.00 Henri CUrinit 42.50 »«" All# 89.50 PRIVATE LESSORS KiTT’S 1330 G St. RE. 6212 wen speeding into the edge of CM squall. “There was pretty heavy, anti* * aircraft from the ships and shond but neither their ack-ack nor tbev planes shot down a damn one of ua. ‘“Our boys got 15 J%p planes, tin lighters shooting down 14 and A dive bomber getting the other. • Comdr. White’s torpedo squadron sank what he believed was a haht cruiser. "We also got thiee hits on an other possible cruiser and it wai last seen standing on Its stern. W« i got hits on a destroyer and saw H roll over. ‘All ships were within half a mils of land. We saw many big explo sions. A heavy cruiser in the har bor got two fish in her but she might .have been previously damaged and | beached.’’ | WPB Assures Adequate Christmas Tree Supply ' Bt the Associated Press. There will be Christmas trees for | most parlors this year, the War Production Board said yesterday. More of them will be cut locally than in past years. Only obsolete wooden freight care, ! unsuitable for handling vital war i material will be used for hauling 'trees, under an agreement reached by the Office of Defense Transporta tion with the .Association of Ameri can Railroads. ODT said it would not allow extra gasoline for Chris t mas_tree shipment by truck. KNABT PIANOS Imette, Warlltser. Letts*. Ester sal Others PIANOS FOR RENT ITFT'F'C 1330 g strMt AMD IMddlo a/ Marti UNUSUAL VALUES IN FINE GRAND PIANOS <• t % KNABE STEINWAT STIEFF MATHUSHEK EVERETT MILLER HAZELTON LESTER / And Many OtAeri Fin* plsnos offered at sub stantial asrinss erer their ontlnal prices! At far sa performance snd appearance, all are as tood tt new and are told with our full auarantt*. 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