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Rain tonight; warmer tonight, lowest temperature near 45; clearing and colder tomorrow. Temperatures today—Highest, 51, at 1:30 p.m.; lowest, 31, at 12:50 a.m. Yes terday—Highest, 44, at 4:45 p.m.; lowest, 33, at 8 a.m. _Late New York Markets, Page A-13. Guide for Readers Page. Amusements _ B-20 Comics.B-18-19 Editorials .A-6 Edit’l Articles _.A-7 Finance _A-12-13 Lost and Found-A-3 Page. Obituary _A-8 Radio ._B-19 Society._B-3 Sports.A-10-11 Woman’s Page B-l* Where to OO...B-13 An Associated Press Newspaper a-LSt YEAR. No. 36,356. _ WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, NOVEMBER 15, 1943.-THIRTY-EOUR PAGES. *** srsss. three cents, sst®*. Nazis Report Soviet Advance To Rechitsa in Gomel Sector; Sofia Is Blasted by U. S. Flyers Drive Also Threatens To Isolate Germans In Northern Area BULLETIN. MOSCOW VP). — Masses of Red Army infantry, cavalry, tanks and self-propelled guns pouring into the hole west of Kiev to Baranovka have reached a point only 35 miles from the prewar Russia-Polish border. (Map on Page A-5.) By the Associated Press. LONDON, Nov. 15.—The Ger man high commanti announced today that Russian Cossacks and tanks, in a sweeping drive west of Gomel, had driven to Rechitsa, about 30 miles to the southwest on the railroad linking Gomel with Poland, but had been beaten back in attempts to capture the town itself. Rechitsa's seizure would sever one of the two remaining rail lines over which the Nazi defenders of the old fortress of Gomel might fall back to escape the encircling Soviet movement. The advance along the northern edges of the vast Pripet Marshes; also threatened to split off the Northern German armies from the forces of the Central front. Another Berlin broadcast acknowl edged the German evacuation of] fchitomir, rail junction on the Nazis' last north-south railroad artery east of the old Polish border, whose fall threatened to cut the central Nazi forces off from the Southern Ger man armies. Moscow said the Rus sians were 30 miles west of Zhito mer. Renewed Red Attack. The broadcast reported renewed Soviet attacks northwest of Kerch in the drive against German and Rumanian forces sealed off in the Crimea, and fresh Soviet attacks in the Dnieper bend. The German-controlled Paris ra dio said Russian assaults in the Krivoi Rog area in the Dnieper bend were developing into a large-scale offensive on a broad front. An earlier Berlin broadcast said that a big battle was raging in the Dnieper bend after the Russians, hurling nearly 500.000 men against the German defenses, had broken through between Zaporozhe and the area north and northwest of Krivoi Rog. The Paris radio in a broadcast re corded by Reuters also said the Rus sians had attempted new crossings1 of the Dnieper on both sides of Cherkasy, about 70 miles northwest of Kremenchug. 50 Towns Captured. A Russian communique announced that 50 towns were swept up in the continuing drive toward the old Polish border, now less than 60 miles away. While troops on the right flank of Gen. Nikolai F. Vatutin's first Ukrainian front pushed ahead after capturing Chepovichi, 15 miles southeast of Korosten. central units drove directly west past Zhitomir. This force yesterday took Bara novka, 30 miles west of Zhitomir, exceeding the pace of more than 10 miles a day which has been made between Kiev and Zhitomir. Gen. Vatutin's striking force is composed of tanks, cavalry and motorized infantry capable of press ing closely on the heels of the re treating Germans. The Soviet com munique said the swiftly moving Russian troops had liberted 4.000 civilians whom the Germans were driving to siave labor in Germany. Counterattacks Repulsed. On the left flank Gen. Vatutin's men were reported to be meeting and overcoming repeated German counterattacks. On one sector the communique reported that Russian troops broke through enemy resist ance and captured a populated place. The Germans then launched four fierce counterattacks in swift suc cession. but were thrown back after 500 of them were wiped out. Close-locked fighting which has marked all the combat in the Crimea continued in the Kerch Peninsula. Northeast of Kerch, the Germans launched 11 counterat tacks with infantry, tanks and self propelled guns, but all were re pulsed. The communique said the Russians captured two strongly fortified points near Kerch, killing 900 Germans. The broad lines of the Red Army's next move has not yet emerged from the smoke of the battlefield, but it is believed the Russians are likely to fasten a flank against the Pripet Marshes and swing southwest, driv ing the Germans toward the Bug River and Rumania. Navy Seizure Discounted By Chastleton's Operator While aroused tenants of the Chastleton Hotel planned another ipass meeting tonight to discuss re ports that the Navy would take over the hotel as a WAVE dormitory, hotel owners today said the Chastle ton had never been offered for sale. "The Navy has never asked us to quote a price for the sale or rent of the building and we have never given them a price,” said Thomas D. Carson of Washington Properties, Inc., which operates the hotel on Sixteenth street N.W. Mr. Carson said Navy officials had surveyed the establishment but added that he understood the Navy had also inspected several other hotels. He said he had the im pression the Navy was "just looking” and had no intention of taking the building. Meanwhile, hotel residents said the second mass meeting was called at the request of tenants who missed the Saturday night session. i * Air Assault Successfully Opens Balkan Offensive, Allies Say Battle Lines in Italy Remain Unchanged As Both Sides Consolidate Positions By the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Algiers, Nov. 15.—American B-25 Mitchell medium bombers ranged in force over Sofia yesterday, making the first air attack on the Bulgarian capital from this theater in a blow designed to dislocate traffic over the whole Balkan rail system, while aground in Italy the battle lines remained virtually unchanged. Other bombers swept into France for their third attack on the impor tant Antheor railway viaduct near Cannes the night before, and light bombers shot up the harbor of Civi tavecchia on the west coast of Italy. Escorted by P-38 Lightnings, the Mitchells dipped over Sofia’s railway yards in two big formations, drop ping tons of explosives on the tar get. Nine out of approximately 24 German intercepting fighters were shot down in a fierce battle. Official reports described the bombing as "extremely accurate,’’ with explosives dropping squarely on locomotive repair shops, car assem bly shops, a main line depot and rip ping up the tracks in the yards. "This successful opening of the Balkan offensive has a far-reaching consequence,” an official announce ment said. “Through this Immensely impor tant rail center German supplies are transported to Greece and down into the islands of the Aegean and also to the Western Balkans. The Sofia railway yards link up with rail routes through Hungary, Rumania and Bulgaria and congestion at Sofia would have the effect of dislocating traffic over the whole Balkan rail system.” (The Budapest radio, quoting a Hungarian news agency report, first reported the Sofia bombing last night. The broadcast said “several waves” of enemy planes attacked about midday and that several persons were killed. (The Germans in an obvious effort to impress Bulgarians, threatened dire reprisals on Brit ain today for what was called a “naked and undisguised terror raid” on Sofia. (The Berlin radio declared “neither British nor Americans can claim they were retaliating against Bulgaria, because the Bulgarians have never done any i See ITALY, Page aT27> American Bombers Drop Record Load on New Guinea Bases Threat of Alexishafen And Madang to Allied Positions Smashed SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AL LIED HEADQUARTERS, Nov. 15 j—American bombers, in a per fectly co-ordinated three-ply at j tack, dropped a record load of 1223 tons of explosives on Alexi shafen and Madang, ending for the time being an increasing threat to Allied positions on New Guinea. The mission was to smash bases, from W’hich the Japanese had been strafing Australian troops and; American aircraft in New Guinea's! Markham and Ramu Valleys, and apparently supplying forward bases, j Shortly after dawn Saturday P-40 j and P-39 fighters strafed the tw’O' airstrips at Alexishafen. starting towering fires at the expense of one plane, dowmed by severe antiaircraft opposition. Waves of Liberators Attack. Then came wave after wave of Liberator bombers at medium alti tude, followed by Mitchells at tree top height. The 223 tons they dropped was the heaviest load ever throw’ll against New Guinea and was second only to the 350-ton raid October 12 against Rabaul in the entire Pacific theater. Gen. Douglas MacArthurs com munique today said great fires were started in fuel and supply areas, four enemy planes were destroyed on the ground, antiaircraft positions silenced, three luggers and five barges destroyed in the harbor and the entire area given such a thor ough blasting smoke rose in a thick blanket. A strong force of fighters formed a protective umbrella, but not a Japanese plane rose to fight. Rabaul and Gasmata Hit. Allied bombers struck also at Ra baul and Gasmata on New’ Britain |and raked both Buka and Buin on .the northern and southern extremi j ties of Bougainville. Five floatplanes were destroyed at their base on Kapingamarangi Island and three i cargo ships were torpedoed and bombed with unobserved results in night attacks on Kavieng, New Ire land. As to the land fighting on Bou gainville, where United States ma j rines secured a beachhead at Em press Augusta Bay November 1, Ad miral William F. Halsey, jr., com < See PACIFIC^ Page A-12" i Fierce Fight Improves British Positions on Dodecanese Island Substantial Casualties Inflicted at Leros, But Battle Is Inconclusive By the Associated Press. i CAIRO, Nov. 15.—British troops I improved their positions in cen tral and northern sectors of the Dodecanese Island of Leros yes terday, inflicting substantial casualties on the Germans and capturing a number of prisoners, a Middle East communique an nounced today. The fierce fighting for the island, important in the strategy of the Aegean because of its submarine: base, was accompanied by continued aerial blows in which long-range j fighter sweeps and bomber assaults were carried out over the German positions. Explosions and fires were started at Gurna Bay, Alinda Bay and Cape ! Pantali, and a Heinkel-111 was de- ■ stroyed. Bombers also attacked German shipping in Suda Bay, Crete, while fighters patrolled Herakleion air field on the same island and at tacked many military targets in an effort to blanket the German offen sive. “Pour-engined bomber formations j raided Maritza airfield on Rhodes j on a similar mission last night. Nine Allied planes were lost in the aerial phases of the operations. The battle for Leros still was in conclusive. however, and. official re ports yesterday said the Germans had established numerical superi ority and had straddled the island at its narrowest point, virtually di viding the British and Italian de fending forces in the north and south, although the Allies still held Leras, the chief town. The 8-mile long island is only about a mile across at its waist. The Germans had gained their position by both sea and air-borne units, supported by dive bombers. Gripsholm Nears Rio RIO DE JANEIRO, Brazil, Nov. 15 <£>>.—'The repatriation ship Grip sholm, returning 1,500 Americans and other Western Hemisphere na tionals from Japanese internment camps, was sighted off Rio de Janeiro Harbor early today after a journey from Mormugao, Portuguese India, via Port Elizabeth, South Africa. Chevy Chase Squadron Leader Downs 15 Japs in 15 Days ! Maae tnrire Kecora Three Weeks After Reaching Pacific Base Lt. Comdr. J. T. Blackburn. 31, j of 8502 Loughborough place, Chevy Chase, Md.. commander of a Navy land-based fighter squad ron in the South Pacific, shot down 15 planes in his first 15 days at an advanced base there, ac cording to an Associated Press dispatch. Thursday, three weeks after his arrival at the base, Comdr. Black burn was credited with another cer tain victory and one probable when his squadron shot down 18 enemy planes in helping to ward off a Japa nese air attack on our carrier force striking Rabaul. Eleven of the vic tims were bombers; the others, fighters. ) A year ago. Comdr. Blackburn I spent more than 60 hours adrift in a rubber boat after a mishap dur ing operations off North Africa. During this time, a chamois skin lining from his helmet and a small canteen of water furnished his only food and drink. A 1933 graduate of the Naval Academy, Comdr. Blackburn is the son of Capt. Paul P. Blackburn, now also on duty with the Navy in the Pacific. He was bom at Annapolis,! LT. COMDR. J. T. BLACKBURN. and was graduated from Western High School here when his father was on duty in Washington. He attended Severn Preparatory School in Annapolis. Before leaving for overseas more than a year ago, he was a flying instructor for the Navy at Miami, Fla. Mrs. Blackburn and their two children live at the Loughborough place address. Supreme Court Will Review Portal Pay Case Ore Mines Dispute May Have Bearing On Coal Contract COURT REFUSES to review de cision upholding ban on political contributions by holding com panies. Page A-12 The ’Supreme Court today agreed to review a case involving the question of whether time spent by iron ore miners in underground travel is compens ible under the Wage-Hour Act. The litigation is looked on as important because of its possible bearing on the demands of the United Mine Workers for portal-to portal pay, one of the major stumbling blocks in their contro versy with coal operators. The principle was recognized in the Ickes-Lewis wage agreement under which coal mines are being Federally operated. In the ore case the Government has lined up with unions and contended that workers should receive this pay. Previously Upheld. The ore case was instituted by the Sloss-Sheffield Steel and Iron Co., the Tennessee Coal, Iron and Railroad Co. and the Republic Steel Corp. which asked for a declaratory judgment in Federal District Court in Alabama to determine their liability for the underground pay. In both District Court and in the Fifth Federal Circuit Court of Ap peals, it was held that the Wage Hour Act requires this payment to be made. Under that law, hours in excess of 40 must be paid for at the rate of time and one half. Similar litigation now is pending in Federal District Court in Virginia to determine if ccal miners are en titled to travel pay. Fahy Backs Payment. Granting of a review means that the case Will be set for oral argu ment in a tew weeks, after which a formal opinion will be delivered. Opposing a Supreme Court review, the Justice Department asserted that the Circuit Court decision was "correct ” Solicitor General Charles Fahy said the travel underground to and from the actual site of employment was accompanied by "the greatest discomfort and inconvenience and by considerable peril." “The facts in the record, with forceful eloquence, establish that the miners are not only employed dur ing underground travel but are en gaged In hard work.” Interpretation Challenged. The company said the Circuit Court decision had been used as "a judicial precedent in support of the claim of the United Mine Work ers of America that it was the in tention of the Congress to include as a part of the ‘work week' all of tl>e underground time of coal miners." Tne Circuit Court, the com pans added, gave a construction to "the words ‘work’ and ‘work week' rad ically different from the general concept of these words as undrr stood and acted upon by all inter ested parties for many years in the iron ore mining industry." Rent Case Review Set. The court also agreed to review litigation involving the constitu tionality of the OPA rent control program. The Justice Department appealed from a decision by the Middle Georgia Federal District Court holding the legislation to be uncon stitutional. The Georgia tribunal held the rent control program was an uncon stiutional delegation of legislative power. The Supreme Court already had agreed to review litigation, brought by two Boston meat dealers, in volving constitutionality of price fixing provisions of the emergency price control act. In another case the court refused to review a decision holding consti tutional the rent control provisions. Constitutionality of the legislation * See SUPREME COURT, A-12 .) 7 More Jap Ships Sunk; U. S. Subs' Score Now 496 By the Associated Press. The Navy today counted a total of 496 enemy vessels sunk or dam aged by American submarines with the report of six more Japanese mer chant ships and a plane transport sunk, and two other merchant ships hit. The roll was regarded as particu larly impressive since a considerable portion of the enemy’s essential merchant ship tonnage is repre sented in addition to numerous war ships, including destroyers and some smaller vessels. Special significance is attached to each new sinking of a Japanese freighter or cargo transport since the enemy is believed by naval au thorities to be so hard pressed for shipping that every loss is a blow at his entire communications sys tem. America’s submarines thus far have sunk 346 Japanese ships, pos sibly sunk 36 others and damaged 114. Wilson fo Slay at Post Despite Resignation Bs the Associated Press. NEW YORK, Nov. 15.—Charles Edward Wilson, executive vice chair man of the War Production Board, said yesterday that his resignation had been before President Roosevelt “for some time" and that he intends to return to private business. Mr. Wilson said no determination had been made of the resignation, and added that even though it was accepted he would not leave Wash ington at once. The fact that he had submitted his resignation was disclosed in Washington last week. I Moral: Don't Be an Optimistic Pessimist—or Vice Versa Roosevelt Message Asks Funds to Share United Nations Relief Tells Congress Specific Outlay Sought Awaits Atlantic City Report Bv J. A. FOX. President Roosevelt today asked Congress to authorize an appro priation to permit the United States to participate in the work of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration, which now is drafting in Atlantic City its program for bringing aid to Axis victims. In a message accompanied by a copy of the UNRRA agreement signed by representatives of 44 na tions here last week, the President said he would defer asking for a specific sum until the Atlantic City conference is roncluded. “A small fraction of the national income of the contributing member states will, it is hoped, be sufficient to meet the needs," Mr. Roosevelt said. ‘Some of the liberated na tions may be able t-o make payment for the supplies and services ren dered. But only by bringing to bear the resources of all the United Na tions will we be able to relieve a substantial part of the suffering of the millions who will need help.'' He emphasized, however, that Con gress would determine the extent of United States expenditure ‘‘under its constitutional procedure." Italy’s Plight Cited. As an example of the needs to be i met. the President described the | havoc being wrought by the Nazis [in the territory they are relinquish ing in Italy. The text of the President's mes sage follows: :: ’’I am happy to inform the Con gress that on November 9. 1943, rep resentatives of 43 nations and peo ples joined with our own Govern ment in signing the accompanying UNRRA agreement, setting up an international relief and rehabilita tion administration to give first aid ;n the liberated areas. This agree ment provides only the framework. The implementation is left to the constitutional lawmaking body of the member states. “The task of the organization will be to assist in furnishing the medi cine, food, clothing and other basic necessities and essential services which are required to restore the strength of the liberated peoples. They have been deliberately stripped by the enemy in order to support the Axis war machines. More than that, the Axis leaders have boasted that as they withdraw, they will leave only devastation—what they have not stolen they will destroy. As our American soldiers fight their way up the Italian boot, they are discovering at first hand that the barbarism of the Nazis is equal to their boasts. Their only rivals in this respect are the Japanese. “UNRRA will be able to make only a beginning in the vast task of aiding the victims of war. The | greatest part of the job will have to be done by the liberated peoples themselves. What UNRRA can do (See~ROOSEVELT~Page A-12.) House Committee's Report Assails 'Illegal' OP A Rulings Smith Group Asserts Agency Usurps Power To Order Starvation by the Associated Press. The Office of Price Administra tion was roundly assailed today by a congressional committee which accused it of having pro mulgated “illegal, absurd, useless and conflicting” regulations and of having “construed its power to authorize it to sentence citi zens of the United States to starvation.” The committee, headed by Rep resentative Smith, Democrat, of Virginia and created by the House to keep a check on activities of executive agencies, recommended changes in existing law to "retain and strengthen inflation control and at the same time eliminate the abuses and injustices now apparent.” Conceding a need for “extraordi nary governmental action” in time of war to mobilize the Nation’s eco nomic as well as military resources, the committee said "there are right and wrong ways to accomplish these purposes.” the wrong way being by the usurpation of power by execu Committee Quotes 'Typical' Example Of OPA Phrasing B? ‘he Associated Press. A congressional committee to day cited as what it termed “a typical example of the legalistic language employed by the Office of Price Administration” the following language from Amend ment No. 5 to Maximum Price Regulation 319: “All commodities listed in Ap pendix A are those known to the trade as such excepting therefrom such thereof, if any, while subject to another regu lation.” tive agencies through “misinterpre tation and abuse of powers” granted by Congress “and the assumption of powers not granted.” There was no immediate official comment by OPA. but Representa tives Scanlon, Democrat, of Pennsyl vania and McMurrav, Democrat, of Wisconsin, chairman and secretary, respectively, of the Congressional Committee for the Protection of Consumers, promptly issued a state ment on behalf of this group attack (See OPA, Page A-12.» Hearing Calls Vinson To Explain Veto of Rail Wage Increase Harrison and Richberg Appeal for Adoption Of Truman Resolution By the Associated Press. Stabilization Director Fred M. Vinson was scheduled to appear before the Truman Committed today to defend his action in vetoing an 8-cent hourly wage increase recommended for 1, 100.000 non-operating railroad workers by an emergency board functioning under the Railway Labor Act. A resolution sponsored by Sen ator Truman. Democrat, of Mis souri and Representative Crosser. Democrat, of Ohio would validate the increase, for which the railroad I brotherhoods are making a vigorous fight. The unions took their case to the country last night, asking for public support. In other developments on the labor front, Senator Byrd, Demo crat, of Virginia declared the War Labor Board had “surrendered to John L. Lewis, president of the United Mine Workers, in approving the Ickes-Lewis coal wage agree ment, and the Congress of Indus trial Organizations- news service as serted that Congress has failed to adopt a sound tax system, “blocked effective action to control prices” and, as a result, is partly respon (See LABOR, Page A-12X~ Nassau Board Asks De Marigny And De Visdelou to Leave Island By the Associated Press. NASSAU, Bahamas, Nov. 15.— Alfred de Marigny, whose depor tation was urged last week by the jury which acquitted him of the murder of Sir Harry Oakes, has been invited to leave the Bahamas, along with his close friend, the Marquis Georges de Visdelou. An order was issued after a meet ing of the Governor-in-Council Saturday. Nassau censorship prevented transmission of the information until this morning. The Governor-in-Council is an ex ecutive group composed of the Gov ernor of the Bahamas, now the Duke of Windsor, colonial officials and the Governor’s advisers. The Duke him self is in the United States, and did not take part in the session. It was learned that Mexico will be a haven for the two men if arrange ments can be made. They plan to leave within the next two weeks. (See OAKES, Page A-12.) De Marigny and Wife To Be Remarried in Church, He Says By the Associated Press. NASSAU, Bahamas, Nov. 15. —Shortly after it was learned that he has been invited to leave the Bahamas, Alfred de Marigny announced today that he and his wife, the former Nancy Oakes, would be remar ried this afternoon. The twice-divorced De Ma rigny said he had obtained permission for the ceremony from the Catholic archbishop in charge of this diocese. He set the time as 2 p.m. and the place as the Francis Xavier Church. De Marigny explained that he and Nancy would be married again because "we were not married in a church before.” He said the Rev. Father Bona venture would perform the cere mony. D. C. Teachers fo Aid In Culling Misfits Before Induction T50 Social Workers Sought for Assignment As 'Medical Field' Agents By MIRIAM OTTENBERG. Washington school teachers will soon be called on to help induc tion station psychiatrists sort out the ‘ fits” from the misfits for service in the armed forces. Five teachers of each potential soldier or saikc- from the District will be asked to paint a picture of selectees’ school days—whether he was moody or a “show-off, " whether he was accepted or disliked by his schoolmates. All Washington private, public and parochial schools have agreed to participate. The program also calls for about 150 social workers, to be assigned to District draft boards as “medical field agents.” They will pick up where the schools leave off, filling in the story of the selectee's life and habits to the day he reports for induction. Previous Data Limited. Until now induction station psychiatrists have had nothing to go on except what the selectee says when he's interviewed at the station, how he acts, what his neurological tests indicate. And in many sections of the country the armed forces have had to rely on general practi tioners for lack of trained psychia trists. An estimated 100,000 men are expected 10 be discharged from the armed forces this year for “mental and nervous” reasons. Under the new system, which will go into effect here as soon as enough social workers volunteer to make the investigations, the induction psychiatrists will know whether a man was “moody” in school or in frequently absent from work with out cause. These will be considered “clues.” It was explained that a psychiat rist, about to rqject a man because he seemed unusually tense or nerv ous during his induction station ex amination, might think again if the man’s records showed he had ben a normal, hard-working civilian. On the other hand, psychopaths—one of the hardest types to detect— might be revealed as such by their record. Schools to Make Reports. Hereafter, the schools will write up a record of any boy who quits school at 15 years or older or who graduates. Five of the youth's teachers will each turn in a report, without conferring with each other. 'The teachers will be asked if the youth’s school work was getting poorer, whether he was a truant, to what extent he had difficulty making up his mind, whether he was accepted or disliked by his class mates, whether he co-operated with (See PSYCHIATRISTS, Page A-13.) Senate Inquiry Into Liquor Shortage Voted Tax Dodging and Hoarding Charged By Van Nuys By J. A. O’LEARY. The Senate Judiciary Commit tee unanimously approved today the Scrugham resolution for a full investigation of the current liquor shortage, and Chairman Van Nuys announced hearings may start next week. “You may look for some startling revelations as to tax dodging and hoarding,” Senator Van Nuys told newsmen after the meeting, “be cause I have already gone into the situation with the author of the resolution during the past week.” Declaring there is “enough liquor in this country to last for five years even if another pint is not made,” the Indiana Senator said that, in his opinion, it is being withheld from wholesalers and retailers for a higher profit. Washington to Be Included. Senator Van Nuys made known Saturday that if the committee authorized the inquiry, it probably would look into the situation in Washington, along with the rest of the country. All of the committee discussion preceding approval of the resolution was favorable to an investigation, the Senator said, and he will file with the Senate Audit and Control Committee this afternoon a request for $10,000 from the contingent fund to cover expenses of the investiga tion. “If the money is not allowed, we will go ahead anyhow',” Senator Van Nuys said, “but we will not be able to make as exhaustive an inquiry.” Officials of distilleries will be called when the hearings start and Senator Van Nuys said that among the questions to be taken up will be whether large companies are buying up smaller ones to get their inventories. Cites Stock Withdrawals. Although liquor may be held in bonded warehouses eight years be fore taxes become due, Senator Van Nuys said it is common knowledge that whisky does not age perceptibly after from four to six years. In September, 1942, he said, 10, 000.000 gallons were withdrawn from bond, as compared with 2,000,000 gallons withdrawn in September this j year. Introduced in the Senate Friday by Senator Schrugham, Democrat, of Nevada, the resolution calls for ! a full and complete inquiry into the business practices connected with the sale and distribution of spiritous and malt beverages and wines. — * Increased Sugar Quotas To Stand, OPA Decides By the Associated Press. Increased sugar inventories al lowed retailers and wholesalers on a temporary’ basis through November 15 will be maintained indefinitely, the Office of Price Administration said today. OPA originally allowed the in crease to meet demands for home canning. The permission was later extended to take care of heavier supplemental rations granted to bakers, confectioners and other in dustrial users. Transportation difficulties and con j tinued heavy’ use by industrial user* ! makes it advisable, OPA said, to maintain the larger inventories in j definitely. Nazis Reported Holding All Bulgarian Ports J E? the Associated Press. ISTANBUL, Nov. 15.—Reports emanating from the Balkans said today that the Germans have as sumed complete military control of all of Bulgaria's Black Sea ports. The Germans are known to have been in full control of the major : ports of Varna and Burgas for more than a year. Seizure of the remain der was seen here as a possible in dication that the Nazis fear a Rus sian thrust across the Black Sea after the Red Army cleans up the Crimea. Late News Bulletins Lawyer Hits Subsidies Assailing food subsidies as forms of Government “bribery and blackmail,” Joe G. Mon tague, Fort Worth (Tex.) at torney, charged today before the Senate Agriculture Com mittee that the subsidy pro gram was part of a bureau cratic program to “revolution ize the social, economic and political structure of this country.” (Earlier story on Page A-11.) Amendment Rejected The Senate Judiciary Com mittee today rejected, 9 to 8, a resolution by Senator O’Ma honey, Democrat, of Wyoming calling for a constitutional amendment to prohibit collec tion of a poll tax as a qualifi cation for voting for Federal officers. (Earlier story on Page A-4.) No 'Secret Agreement' Secretary of State Hull, holding his first press con ference since his return from Moscow, Said today no secret agreement had been made at the Moscow conference and declared that neither Russia, the United States nor Great Britain desires to compromise the Atlantic Charter.