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Old Windjammer at Hampton Roads Serves
In Training of Amphibious Landing Forces (No. 2 of a Series.) By CARTER BROOKE JONES. Ahead loomed the gray bulk of the Yag. Our boat, converted into a cabin launch from an open landing craft, skipped through the choppy waters of Hampton Roads and approached the anchored hull. Don't ask what a Yag Is. Diligent inquiry at the Amhibious Training Base at Little Creek, Va., failed to disclose. “I really don’t know what it means,” said an officer, and a bluejacket replied: “The Yag? It's —well, just the Yag.” Anyway, it's an old windjammer, built for the Italian government in 1886, and lt serves the Little Creek base in lieu of a transport. The base trains the Navy crews of small landing craft of various types, and the sailors, sometimes with soldiers to transport, practice their landing operations from the old Yag. She’s a big wooden ship, and her power ful timbers look as staunch as the day she was launched. What, the visiting newspapermen had wondered, was it like to go down the nets on a transport, as soldiers do, and to jump into a landing boat and dash for the beach? We were there to find out, at least In some measure. We boarded the Yag in luxury, climbing a ladder with real steps and a rail. With us was Capt. C. F. Macklin, jr., U. S. N., commander of the base, and several of his staff. When we got to the bridge deck, we saw that numerous landing craft were circling about the old Yag— some clockwise, others counter clockwise. Capt. Macklin, after explaining something of the training program of the base, told Lt. S. S. Lowry to take over, and the young reserve officer, an instructor commanding a small boat flotilla, described the practice operation we were about to take part in. And Lt. Lowry, before the war an advertising man on a San Francisco newspaper, knows something about landings. He was at the invasion of North Africa, and, while his ship was being unloaded, under constant air attack, a German submarine slipped in with a torpedo. The ship was blown out of the water. Lt. Lowry managed to get ashore, severely hurt, and. much to his displeasure, they won't send him back to the war zone—at least for a while. Sail in Divergent Circles. The landing craft, he pointed out, were forming divergent circles so that if they did collide—entirely possible in the darkness which usually cloaks these operations— they wouldn't hit head-on, since they'd be going in the same direc tion. They were waiting only sig nals to come in and get their loads of men or supplies. Meanwhile they were lurking close to the ship, in wrhat the amphibions call the transport area. In this ship-to-shore practice routine for the student sailors, no special show for us—the correspond ents would hit the beach with the first wave, Lt. Lowry explained. And the visitors were invited to climb down the nets and board the boats as they came alongside. "Take your time going down the nets," he added. “There'S nothing to worry about. Don’t hurry.” Simply be careful that your feet rested on a rope rung and that your hands clutched another before you continued dow-nw'ard. The horizon tal strands were best for the feet,! the vertical for the hands. Like Descending Wall. All this was most reassuring, but! when you started over the side you) had the feeling that you were de-1 scending a sheer wall, with a few! finger and toe holds here and there.! The net seemed as knitted to the side as a carving. Actually there was plenty of room for hands and feet and the climb wasn't bad—if you didn't look at the contraption too hard or glance downward at the bobbing boat. Luckily the Roads, looking out to sea between the capes, was relatively calm. One' could imagine trying to hold on to that thing in a heavy sea. with the| ship rolling and the landing craft whipped about. When this particular reporter reached what he thought was the bottom of the net, there still was a long space to the boat—too far to jump. The net seemed to end. “What do I do now?” he ventured. No one said anything. Then he saw that the net merely curved inward with the ship and continued on. So he did likewise, with a few fumbles. He landed without mishap, and with a marked sense of gratitude, in the bosom of the LCP (landing craft personnel). As soon as her com plement was aboard, off she dashed. The YAG receded in the distance as we reached what they call the rendezvous area. Something of a wind was blowing, and now and then a wave would leap over the craft, catching us neatly about the n^ck and ears. Our craft began circling, awaiting the arrival of the rest of the flotilla. Aboard our LCP ; were Capt. Macklin, Lt. Lowry and | several other officers, in addition to half a dozen correspondents and i the crew. Rendezvous Area. At the rendezvous area, some stated distance from the mother ship, the landing boats meet and start zigzagging their way toward shore. They spread out at marked intervals, so that they will* not be easy targets. They pause again, much nearer the shore, at an esti mated spot called the line of depar ture. Prom this point they rush for the beach in successive waves. Each craft has been assigned to a wave and knows what to do and where to go. The whole shoreward move might look to an uninitiated observer like a jumble of mad rushes and confusion, but it’s far from that—everything is planned as com pletely as it can be. We were No. 2 boat in the first wave. A scout craft up ahead dropped a smoke screen across our bow to screen us from the enemy. We couldn't see the shore, but soon a red flare rose above the smoke to show us our objective. We ploughed through the smoke, un able to see the lead craft in our wave. When we got through it, the shore was close. Approaching in formation, our wave opened out into a line just before reaching the beach, so that the whole wave hit the shore simul taneously. The versatile little craft jammed into the sand, their ramps at the bow opened and every one ran up the beach. If we had been invading soldiers, we would have jumped over the sand dunes—if we could—and pushed as far inland as possible before digging in. Wed have known that successive waves from the transports would bring reinforcements, ammunition and supplies. Primary Instruction. We had taken part in primary in struction for the crews of the smaller craft. What we were to see later— described yesterday in the opening chapter of this series—was a com plete ship-to-shore invasion re hearsal in the Solomons area of Chesapeake Bay. But here on Hampton Roads the green crews, often with veterans of combat op erations to guide them, were learn ing how to handle their boats. Later they'd go to the Solomons for the big maneuver. Little Creek is entirely a naval school in the Army-Navy amphibi ous training center directed from the Amphibious Training Command of the Atlantic Fleet, commanded by Commodore Lee P. Johnson. The Little Creek base trains both offi cers and .enlisted men in using the smaller landing craft. While they specialize on the smaller craft, they learn to know all the many types of landing vessels, which range from the little LCPs to ships which can cross the ocean, like the LSTs and j the LCIs. They are taught the | whole theory and practical applies- I tion of amphibious operations—so! vital in this war. Picked for Fitness. The enlisted men must be above I average physically—not necessarily I in size, but in fitness and stamina, S for theirs is the gruelling task—and the officers, as Capt. Macklin ex plained, are picked for special quali fications. Even after the officers Bad Weather Favors Germans In Italy. Mai. Eliot Declares By MAJ. GEORGE FIELDING ELIOT. Bad weather again is hampering the operations of the Allied forces in Italy, and we once more are re minded forcibly of the fact that bad weather, generally speaking, now works against us because we are on the offensive. This is a factor which we must keep always in mind in as sessing present and future military possibilities. To begin with, bad weather works against the attacking side because It hampers movement. Mud, snow, sand storms, high water in formid able rivers, washed - out bridges, all tend to check the march of troops or of supply col umns. and to up set calculations based on normal conditions. It is for this reason that a first-class mete orological m»j. Eliot, section is now an essential element of every commander-in-chief’s staff. It is true, of course, that in the tactical sense bad weather hampers the defense'in moving in force for counterattack: but in general, and over ihe whole theater of operations, it is the side which is on the offen sive which desires to move, while the object of the defender is usually attained if he can stay where he is. Another reason why bad weather favors the defense is its effect on air operations. The attacker will always possess air superiority. He would not be attacking if he did not possess it. He wants to make the fullest possible use of his air force: he wants to be able to count on the successful completion of the various missions assigned to it. Bad w-eather introduces a factor of chance, and chance favors the weaker side in w-ar. Bombing and strafing missions may not be able to locate or to identify their targets. Close sup port missions may lose touch with the ground units with which they are co-operating. Rain, fog, low clouds limit the vision of reconnaissance flyers, and of those assigned to the humdrum but very imjaortant task of adjust ing artillery fire. These conditions do not bear with equal weight upon the aviation of the defending side, because, being by definition infe rior, it cannot carry out any high percentage of its missions anyway; Indeed, bad weather may enable de r4 fending planes to slip through and perform tasks which in clear weather they could not hope to perform, because they would be pounded upon by hostile fighters also. In general an advancing army will be taking over new airfields, or will be improvising airfields in its forward areas many of which may become bogged down in bad weather; while the defender, es pecially if he is retiring through territory which has long been in his possession, as will generally be the case in Europe, has behind him a good system of permanent, well surfaced airfields which are much less affected by weather conditions. Recent experience in Tunisia and in Italy tends to emphasize the very considerable advantage de rived by the defender from this particular item. A good deal may depend on the matter of experience in dealing with the particular kind of weather con ditions to be expected in any given theater of operations. Thus, in the first terrible winter of ivar in Rus sia, the German army suffered cas ualties from which it has never been able fully to recover, because its men were not accustomed to the rigors of the Russian winter weather. No amount of instruction which [ they could be given as to taking j care of themselves and of tlffeir weapons and equipment could re place the day-by-day lifelong ex perience of the Russian peasant, : who as a soldier simply did instinc tively all those things which he had always done to enable him to i live and move and work in the win ter. It was not until British troops had become as seasoned to the hardships of desert warfare as Rom mel’s Afrika Korps that they began to make headway against that vet eran organization. The same was true of our troops in New Guinea, who have had to adapt themselves through experience and habit to rhe conditions of jungle fighting. In this respect, at any rate, we may be glad that the bulk of our American Army seems likely to be employed in Western and Southern Europe, where the climate is not unlike that of a large part of the United States. We will not suffer any regional handicap, therefore, but we will still suffer the ines capable fact that there will be some bad weather and that, being on the offensive, it will count against us and may at tinies upset the best laid plans. It is just one more of the obtacles that must and will be overcome in our progress toward victory. (Copyright, 1943, by New York Tribune.) come here, they are subjected to careful “screening” from surgeons and psychiatrists. Only those con sidered temperamentally suited are kept. Many officers, the captain pointed out, will fit quite well into other assignments, ashore or afloat, but are not a good risk for am phibious service. An officer in this branch must be without nerves and he must make instant and wise de cisions. So much may depend on how he meets an unexpected sit uation, and the unexpected is to be anticipated in landing operations, no matter how carefully they have been charted. Little Creek maintains the land ing craft for its use and for nearby Camp Bradford, where soldiers and sailors train together. The base has a big machine shop and other facili ties for repairing boats and engines. The boats are kept in top condi tion. So are the men, with physi cal training supplementing their strenuous activities in the water. Capt. Macklln, an old submarine commander, has commanded trans ports in this war. A good many of his men have seen active service in the Mediterranean or the South Pacific. Forgery Indictment Follows Attempt To Deposit $2,700 A man said to have obtained a letter of introduction from Senator Nye, Republican, of North Dakota by representing himself as belonging to the Army Intelligence was in dicted today on two charges of forg ing and uttering a check for more than $2,700, on which he was said to have received no money. The man, Frank S. Fowler, about 45, is said to have a long police record. Assistant United States Attorney Sylvan Schwartz, who presented the cases to the grand pury, said Fowler first attempted to open an account with the check at Riggs National Bank. Mr. Schwartz said bank offi cials told Fowler he could not draw money until the check was proved good. Subsequently, Mr. Schwartz said, Fowler went to the Lincoln National Bank and was arrested after at tempting to deposit the check there. 38 Indictments Returned. The 2 Indictments were among 38 returned today by the grand jury before Chief Justice Edward C. Etcher of District Court. James F. Tolan, 51. said to have seven aliases, was charged with fall ing to state he had been sentenced on a larceny charge when he regis tered under the Allen Registration Act. Bob W. Sower, 25, was Indicted on a charge of obtaining money while falsely representing himself as an Army lieutenant, after having been discharged from the Army, and also on charges of transporting several falsely made checks In Interstate commerce, the largest one being for $50. In another indictment, Raymond Goodman, 50, of the 1400 block of Park road N.W., was indicted on the charge of having" in his possession 25 pairs of shoes which were said to have been stolen by a marine from the Marine Barracks at Twenty-third and E streets N.W. Baggage Looting Charged. Thomas Buford, 27, colored, of the 600 block of Kenilworth terrace N.E., said to have been an elevator oper ator at Union Station, was indicted on charges of taking clothing from baggage in interstate commerce and stealing mail at Union Station. Jo seph Castor, 43, colored, of the 200 block of K street N.W., also said to be a station employe, was indicated on a charge of taking a package from the mall at the station. Arllne Dennis, 34, colored, was in dieted on a charge of manslaughter In connection with the fatal stab bing of her husband in their home in the first block of 1 street NJ!., October 31. Cecil E. Beckner, 31, was indicted on charges of violating the White Slave Traffic Act for allegedly trans porting two women from Virginia to the District and transporting them within the District. Six indictments were returned against John H. Brooks, 22, colored, charging housebreaking and lar ceny. MlUioas rely ea CnN'i Cold Tablets fee preanpt, decisive relief. They coo tate eight active ingredient*. They're like a dsesas's prescription—that la. a multiple medlclae. Week ea mu these usual cold symptoms at earns time . . . headache body aches— fever—nasal stuffiness. Why Just put up with this die trees? Take C rove'a Cold Tablets exactly as directed. Rest —avoid exposure. Your druggist has Grove's Cold Tablets—(or gfty years knows to million* as famous'‘Broom Quinine'' Cold Tablets, dove Money— Get Large geowemy disc r Nazis Plan to Extend Submarine Operations B> the Asiocleted Preie. LONDON, Nov. 15.—The Berlin radio asserted today that the field of Oerman submarine operations, “so far confined mainly to the At lantic and adjoining waters,” soon will be greatly extended. “This extension of operational areas will force the enemy to trans fer naval escort craft and airplanes to other seas,” the broadcast de clared. "A corresponding weakening of his convoy escorts will be the Inevitable result everywhere.” HOWS/I OUT Bringing bad your empty bottles ★ ★ ★ You got U for your empty Pepai CoU Bottle —and thirteen 24 pieeee will buy a War Saving* Stamp. A good idea! L PopsICola Company, Long Island City, N. Y. - Franchiltd Bottler—Pepsi Cola Bottling Co., Washington, D. C. RATION DEADLINE— Blue Stamps X-Y-Z Not Good After SATURDAY, mov.2ohi GREEN STAMPS A, B, C from Ration Book 4 are also now good and expire on December 20th. BROWN STAMPS G, H, J, K from Ration Book 3 good this week—expire December 4th. Blue and Green Stamp RATIONED VALUES POINTS EACH [ 4 ] Seedless Raisins ■ - Pkf. 12c [ 8 ] Fame Cut Wax Beans. 15c [ 8 ] Green Beans French Style _ N.«* 14c  Phillips Corn Golden Bantam 10c  Highway Corn Gnltfpn Bantam 11c  Rappahannock Blaekeyed Peas 13c [ 8 ] Fame Green Beans ftcfurec *£.* 17c  Sugar Belle Peas_N;.n* 15c 118] Standard Peas_11c  Asparagus Nl»tur*r _28c  Hunt’s Asparagus J2*£ZLNiB’ 38c  Asparagus r^'M. ..^380 g) TOMATOES U]2-‘19« Standard Quality «w fOQglB mt<mmmmmmm-mmmvTmmmmmmmmvmmm 1 GREEN BEANS.[i]St* M* Standard Quality " ■ u,v' mmmmmm-tmmmmtmmwKwmmmmmw® ^BABY FOODS [;, ] 3.... 20* CsT) Gerber's Strained or Chopped Most Varieties sSfey ' '<■ ' ' V V* .'WaP^Wi BABY FOODS [,! ] 3-.. 20* Clapp s Strained Most Varieties juice 44-29* Townhouse Grapefruit SUNNY DAWN [J.] «... lfte Tomato Juice «» £|| [ 5 ] Comstock Beets Shoestring "in* 10c [ 5 ] Chopped Beets i«„* 9c [ 8 ] Comstock Carrots re "in’ 9c [ 8 ] Chopped Carrots mo... n;.b* 9c  Fancy Spinach 18c  Standard Tomatoes—_N,«-.n* 14c  Mixed Vegetablesv«. a.. 15c  Mott’s Applesauce..-Vr1 14c  Highway Peaches s>^_N»nu 23c [ 27 ] Royal Anne Cherries......No..r 34c  Comstock Apple Slices V 22c  Sliced Pineapple 27c  Fruit Cocktail __ 33c [ 8 ] Vegetable Soup -nr. ™ :* 15c [ 5 ] Tomato Soup Hurlf. ™»B*' 13c [ 3 ] Tomato Soup Campbell', 9c [ 2 ] Vegetable Juice Hvrff'g ein 9c • [ 2 ] Pear Nectar _9c [ 4 ] Dried Navy Beans_ pka" 19c [ 4 ] Lima Beans Calif. Seaside_akc 29c RATION SHOPPING IS EASIER—QUICKER when you SHOP EARLY § m Ready to Eat SMOKED HAMS WHOLE SKINNED, BONE IN 9 pts. per lb. Grade A TURKEYS Under lb. COc 16 lbs. 16 lbs to 20 lbs_lb. 50c Over 20 lbs_lb. 48c Red Jacket GROUND BEEF 8 Pts. lb. 07* per lb- L I  Calf Liver_ib. 78c  Beef Liver_ib. 37c  Rib Roast iofin*hEcut G«AAA__ib. 29c  Plate Beef for Stew ib. 20c  Brisket Beef for Stew ib. 25c  Breast of Lamb_ib. 19c  Breast of Veal »*"•!"_ib 20c  All Pork Link Sausage_ib: 43c  All Pork Sausage Meat__»» 35c  Bulk Scrapple_ 2 lbi. 29c  Pork Pudding_ib. 23c  Smoked Beef Tongues_ib. 36c CHICKENS FRESH FRYERS Grode A lb. Fresh-Frozen BAKERS Grade A Mk £ it Fresh-Frozen STEWEBS Grode A ib. ot pallia I You Gan Still I Serve Salads I CRISP November dey* cell lor crisp end I ,„tv salads! And tbey re so easy I make-just a lew fresh vegetables and I a bit of ingenuity, and you hive a sal I that perk, up the whole mea .nd m.kes I it rich in vitamins. For example. J Row Vegetable Symphony I Mix together 1 cup each ground. ahredded I . „nn.d nw cauliflower, celery and ■ 'ir.i l »P irounl* w I ic*u taste. Mold bv packing firmly I in an individual custard cup. Turn out I immediately on crisp lettuce leave. Ga- I nish with your favorite salad dre».nI which 2 tbsps. lemon I added and with ground nut meats o I stuffed green olives. Serves 6-8. I Stuffed Cobboge Crown | For . buffet supper, hollow firm cabbage I "■bn.sr and mix with your favorite salad dressing. I Mock Crob Solod r:i"*■ »p •i***; sliced herd-cooked e|* rttrni# . Wilted Lettuce To bowl of torn lettuce or thinly sliced I r.hhaie and grated carrots, gradually a SSSSfcW I Woldocf Solod I i «p Sf SS I “53ST J I SlSSS: S.rv. PP ..~ I Serves 4. 1 I ***y ***** NON-RATIONED VALUES Citrus Marmalade_~Jb 29c Peanut Butter Beverly_yb 25c Peanut Butter Schindler's 1 ;.br 27c Eggs Large Grade B_dor. 59c Mott's Apple Cider_37c Enriched Flour £2i-J".,b 57c Enriched Flour *£51*_i** Pancake Flour v0. Sweet_6c Duff's Waffle Mix_pkK. 20c Canterbury Tea Block_22c ^)er Try f FRESH Grapefruit Juice? JUICY, THIN-SKIN Delicious way to get your Vitamin C. Soueeze the tangy. sparkling Yj juice from these grapefruit the wsy \ you do from oranges and you have a real refreshing Juice. New Cabbage_»> 4c Fresh Carrots CUppei- -ib 12c Cauliflower •now Whitt |b. 14c White Celery_»*- 14c Collard Greens_2 »>.. 15c Fresh Eggplant_«». 23c White Potatoes..*__10 33c Rutabagas_». 3c White Squash_ 2 lb*. 25c Red Sweets_2 lb*. 17c Fresh Turnips Tom_2 lb*. 7c Avocados_ib. 21c D’Anjou Pears—__»>. 19c POINT-FREE MEATS <* T Reeipes for preparing these Point-Free Meats into de licious - nutritious dishes available at your nearby Safeway. PORK FEET ‘ 12* CALF BRAINS ‘ 20‘ ■% . mzm-: i EDWARDS ib Ofic m COFFEE 2 lbs. 51c Q| MMMMM m ' I m\ LUCERNE a aac 9 GRADE A MILK r"? RINSO 00c IS GRANULATED SOAP_ «W |~^2 'mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmsmm « * OXYDOL X: 00c GRANULATED SOAP_ 4V FRESH GREEN KALE ib. GREEN, LEAFY SPINACH 6C Price* effective until close of business Saturday, November 20, 19t.*l. except produce prices, which are subject to daily market chances. NO SALES TO DEALERS.