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Clear and colder tonight; temperature above freezing; fair and cool tomorrow. Temperatures today—Highest, 51. ab noon; lowest, 49. at 7:40 am.; 50 at 1:30 pm. Yesterday—Highest, 61, at 5:10 pm.; lowest, 31, at 12:50 am. Late New York Markets, Poge A-15. Guide for Readers i Page.! Alter Dark_B-14 Amusements B-1Z Comics.B-18-19 Editorials .A-8 Edltl Articles...A-9 j Finance_A-14-15 Page. Lost and Pound A-J Obituary .A-10 Radio . B-19 8ociety.B-S Sports.A-12-1J Woman’s Page.B-13 _An Associated Press Newspaper 91st YEAR. No. 36,357. .WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, NOVEMBEB 16, 1943—THIRTY-SIX PAGES. *»♦ and Suburb! THREE CENTS. J$TS3rr. Nazi Lines Dented in 8 Sectors On Soviet Front, Berlin Reports; Fifth Army Loses Hill Position Germans Attempt to Minimize Massed Russian Attacks BULLETIN. Foreign Economic Adminis trator Leo T. Crowley an nounced today that lease-lend shipments to Russia up to September 30 amounted to $3,287,047,000, more than half of which was sent this year. Military items shipped in cluded 6,500 planes, more than 3.000 tanks, 125,000 subma chine guns, 145,000 trucks, 25.000 jeeps, 200,000 field tele phones and 700,000 miles of field telephone wire. (Map oil Page A-6.) By the Associated Press. LONDON, Nov. 16. —Massed Russian attacks dented Qerman lines in eight sectors of the long Soviet front, the Berlin radio as serted today in reports attempt ing to minimize Red Army successes. Russian gains were acknowledged by Transocean Agency in the great Dnieper bend southwest of Dnepro petrovsk, north of Krivoi Rog and north of Cherkassy. Other Russian successes were reported in the Zhit omir area and southwest of Kiev, near Rechitsa in the Gamel area and in the Smolensk and Orsha areas of the frozen north. The German communique, broad cast immediately after the reading of a Transocean dispatch recording the Russian successes, depreciated all the Russian gains heralded by the propaganda agency and pic tured the battles as vast defensive successes. \ iolent Battle in Progress. Both accounts, however, agreed that some of the most violent battles of history were in progress from the region west of Smolensk to the Dnieper bend. Nearly 100,000 Russian troops "at a few points succeeded in getting through devastating German artil lery barrages and enforcing local penetrations” southwest of Dnepro petrovsk, Transocean said. Strong foicc-s north of Krivoi Rog "scored some initial success and made a few dents in German lines,” the agency added. In the Cherkassy area 150,000 Russians, or 10 divisions, "pressed back German lines at some points.” The German communique admit ted strong attacks in all three sec tors, but insisted that counterat tacks had foiled the drives and I wiped out enemy groups which "achieved temporary breaks.” Situation Fluctuating. Transocean said, “TTie situation is j still fluctuating” in the Zhitomir area 85 miles or more west of Kiev and the communique said Nazi coun terattacks “succeeded in breaking through several Soviet field posi tions, in seizing numerous heavy arms and in destroying encircled enemy fighting groups.” Southwest of Kiev, Transocean said Russian striking forces "had broken through, but were smashed.” Renewed Russian attacks in the area of Gomel, which Moscow said was virtually isolated, were declared in the communique to hhve been "either repelled or checked.” Trans ocean said the Russians in that sec tor had been trying for three days to capture the rail hub of Rechitsa and “they succeeded in making dents in the German lines, whence they made a direct attack on Re chitsa” which was frustrated. The propaganda agency said the Smolensk and Orsha offensives were made by 16 Russian divisions; of nearly a quarter million men after "the heaviest artillery preperation.” Reds Repulsed, Nazis Say. "They gained some initial ground, but were subsequently driven back by German reserves,” Transocean said. The communique added that strong tank forces had been hurled against the Nazis and that 481 tanks had been destroyed on the eastern front in the last few days. Today's Russian communique said that 3.000 Germans had been killed in the successful flanking drive south of Gomel, and that 14 towns, including the rail station of Demekhi, 34 miles to the west, had been captured. Great stores of war gear were seized, the bulletin said. Cutting the Gomel-Kalinkovichi railway left the Gomel garrison with only one escape railway running northwest to Zholobin. Front dis patches said this line was already being hammered by Russian artillery. Near Old Polish Border. West of Zhitomir. Gen. Nikolai Vatutin's forces were within striking distance of the old Polish border after the capture of the town of Baranovka, but Gen. Vatutin ap parently was awaiting the outcome of fighting in the Fastov-Berdivhev salient on his southern flank be fore continuing his westward drive. He still had 165 miles to go be fore reaching the German-Russian border set up in 1941 before the German invasion of Russia. Other Russian forces continuing their offensive action in the Ger man-held Crimea were fighting to extend their beachheads north and south of the town of Kerch, the Red Army communique said. Late Bulletin Kilday Draft Plan Adopted The deadlock over the fa ther draft bill was broken this afternoon when House and Senate conferees agreed on a compromise that follows the general principle of the Kilday plan, placing the pre-Pearl Harbor fathers at the bottom of the list on a nation-wide basis. The agreement also pro hibits issuance of any new work or fight orders by the War Manpower Commission. (Story on page A-t.) - a Germans Force Yugoslavs Out Of Peninsula Tito's Forces Admit Evacuation From Peljesac Section By tht Associated Press. LONDON, Nov. 16.—Evacuation of the Peljesac Peninsula in Southern Dalmatia under heavy German pressure and a general retreat before reinforced Nazi forces in Macedonia was ac knowledged today by the Yugo slav National Liberation Army of Gen. Josip Broz (Tito). The Germans apparently were attacking on several fronts success fully, but Gen. Tito reported in a broadcast communique that his forces had checked a Nazi drive in Eastern Bosnia and that Partisan forces had killed 140 Germans and captured two enemy positions in Slovenia. More than 100 Germans were slain in a single clash in Bosnia, the communique said. The bulletin also reported that bitter fighting between Gen. Tito's Partisans and German forces al legedly reinforced by Nedic and Mihailovich Chetniks continued in Serbia. German pressure along the Dalmatian coast was increasing in intensity, Gen. Tito said, with the enemy launching offensives on sev eral sectors, forcing the Partisans back through sheer weight of num bers. Meanwhile, the Austrian news paper Donau Zeitung reported Albania's withdrawal from the war, dispatches from Bern said. Copies of the November 6 edition of the Donau Zeitung said the new Albanian puppet government, with the consent of Berlin, had pro claimed Albania a "non-belligerent country” and had dethroned King Victor Emmanuel as Emperor. U. S. Liberators Blast Jap Bases in Gilbert And Marshall Groups Large Fires Started At Tarawa, Strong Enemy Airfield By the Associated Press. PEARL HARBOR. Nov. 10.— Army Liberators started large fires at Tarawa, strong Japanese air base in the Gilberts, and also raided Mille Atoll in the South ern Marshalls during raids No vember 13 and 14, which were announced by the Navy yester-i day. No Japanese plane was encoun tered and all the Liberators re turned undamaged despite anti-air craft opposition. Maj. Gen. Willis H. Hale, com mander of the Army’s 7th Air Force, directed the attacks, but it was not disclosed whether he went along as he did last April during attacks on Nauru and Tarawa. The raids, made at night, were believed to have been either retali atory or diverting strikes following up Japanese raids on Funafuti and Nanumea Thursday and Friday to the southeast of the Marshall-Gil bert sector. The announcement of the raids in an area more than 2,000 miles southwest of Hawaii was made from the office of Admiral Chester W. Nimitz. Jap Warship a Day Sunk In Solomons Offensive SOUTHWEST PACIFIC ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Nov. 16 (/P).— Allied bombers, constantly search ing for Japanese warships in gen eral—and cruisers in particular have sunk or damaged better than one a day during the Northern Solomons offensive. On October 12 a record load of 350 tons hit Rabaul, New Britain. It was the opening blow of the current drive. Three destroyers were among the ships sunk during the raid. Beginning with that raid, Allied flyers in their favorite hunting ground for enemy warships—Rabaul and Kavieng, New Ireland—have sunk or damaged more than 40. Three cruisers, at least 10 de stroyers and a gunboat have been sunk. At least 11 cruisers, 15 de stroyers, a destroyer tender, a sub marine, a submarine tender and a corvette have been damaged. Two additional cruisers were listed as probably hit at Rabaul. The air blows to the cruisers have been so heavy that Navy Secretary Knox said Japan has been seriously impaired in that category for fu ture operations in the Rabaul area. Adding to Japan’s cruiser losses during the period were one sunk and two damaged in a naval battle off Bougainville. Headquarters reported today that a 1,000-pound bomb, dropped by a Catalina flying boat, landed on the stern of a Japanese cruiser 18 miles northwest of Rabaul Saturday night, penetrating the armor and exploding inside the warship. The Catalina was part of a night pa trolling group which later scored a hit amidships with a 500-pounder on a large enemy merchant ship. Gen. Douglas MacArthur’s spokes man, in commenting on the blows to the cruisers, has pointed out that Japan lacks facilities in the Rabaul Kavieng area for the repair of such vital ships. Today’s communique reported no substantial changes, but only patrol clashes at Empress Augusta Bay on the west-central coast of Bougain ville—the American front line in the Northern Solomons. Americans Fall Back North of Venafro; British Advance (Map on Page A-4.) By the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Algiers, Nov. 16.—Two German counterattacks have driven American troops of the 5th Army from high ground north of Venafro, Allied headquarters an nounced today, while the British 8th Army won new hilltops in the eastern sector of Italy. The German onslaughts pushed the American troops out of areas previously occupied on Monte Santa Croce above Venafro, where a 5th Army wedge seriously threatens the enemy’s powerful winter line. Resistance remained strong along the length of the 5th Army front in Italy, headquarters said. Soldiers of Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery won new high ground north of Atessa—14 miles inland from the Adriatic—and 8th Army patrols made new sorties across the Sangro River on this east flank, feeling out German strength. Enemy elements were met near Montazzoli near the middle reaches of the Sangro. Land operations generally were held at a near standstill by mud and bad weather as the opposing forces prepared for showdown battle. The weather also prevented ex tensive air activity in Italy, although some sweeps were made, with an assault on a truck convoy near Ancona on the Adriatic coast. Two Allied planes were lost in all activities. Bulgaria's Defenses Protested by Nazis ISTANBUL, Nov. 16 UP).—As a result of the attack on Sofia Sunday by American bombers, the Germans have protested vigorously to the Bulgarian government concerning the alleged inefficiency of the city's anti-aircraft defenses, according to information reaching here from the Balkans. These reports said it was believed the Germans might follow up their protest by demanding complete mili tary control over all strategic points in Bulgaria. An Allied communique issued yes terday said 24 German fighter planes attempted unsuccessfully to break up the attack, which was aimed at the Sofia railway yards. The bul letin emphasized that crippling of these yards would have the effect of dislocating traffic over the whole Balkan rail system. Most Italians Battling Nazis Ignore Deadline By the Associated Press. MADRID. Nov. 16.—The deadline set by German authorities for the surrender of Italian forces still fighting the Nazis in the mountains of Southern Prance expired today, but reports from France indicated that only a few hundred had laid down their arms as demanded. The Germans had offered amnesty to Italians who surrendered before the deadline. BARCELONA. Nov. 16 (^.—Ger man authorities were said to have ordered 100 retaliatory arrests after a German soldier was shot to death by “terrorists” in Toulouse Saturday, a communique published in a Tou louse newspaper said today. Anthracite Standards Set In Quality Regulations By the Associated Press. Minimum quality standards for Pennsylvania anthracite coal for domestic use were established yes terday by the Solid Fuels Adminis tration to prevent substandard and unusuable coal from entering trade channels. Under the order, producers and wholesalers are prohibited from shipping and retail dealers from delivering any broken, egg, stove, chestnut and pea anthracite con taining more than 15 per cent ash by volume on a dry basis. The order permits No. 1 buck wheat anthracite to contain 16 per cent ash and No. 2 buckwheat to contain 17 per cent. Burma, Attacked by RAF, Suffers Heaviest Raid By the Associated Press. CALCUTTA, Nov. 16.—RAF me dium and heavy bombers today car ried out the heaviest and most con centrated attack on Burma since the war in the East began, it was an nounced here tonight. The target was the railway sta tion, freight yards and barracks at Pegu, 46 miles northeast of Ran goon. A large number of aircraft dropped a heavy tonnage of high explosives, completely shattering the target. Single Raider Bags 4 Planes and Barge And Kills 15 Japs Bx the Associated Press. SOUTH PACIFIC HEAD QUARTERS, Nov. 16 (/P).—Lt. Ralph Tuttle of Colley vllle, Kans., staged a one-man straf ing raid on the Bonis airstrip in the island of Buka before dawn Saturday—and scored one of the most impressive bags yet reported by a single fighter pilot—3 single-engine mono planes, a biplane and a Jap barge destroyed and 15 Japa nese killed. Hie Japanese obviously had put the Bonis strip into shape for overnight use, but that was before the Liberators came in with 50 tons of explosives. By noon the field again was inoperative. Norway Blasted By U. S. Flyers; Athens Raided Yugoslavs Operate In Mediterranean Area Bomber Units Ey the Associated Presa. LONDON, Nov. 16. — Bringing Hitler's ramparts under attack both in the north and the south, American bombers struck targets in Norway today after another heavy blow at Athens airfields. The Norwegian targets were not disclosed immediately. The Nazis have been harboring a number of their big warships in Norway's deep fjords. Allied headquarters in Algiers re vealed simultaneously that units oi the reorganized Yugoslav Air Force, now trained as heavy bomber crews, have entered the war in the Medi terranean . theater and yesterday flew with formations of the 15th Air Force Liberators to bomb the Vlevsis airfield. United States medium bombers from Italy struck Kalamaki airfield in the Athens region. Second U. S. Raid on Norway. The Yugoslavs are flying Libera tors given them by the United States Government under lease lend. They operate as a Yugoslav air force under their own command. Today’s attack was the second by American heavy bombers on Nor way. On July 24 a part of a heavy force hit a U-boat base and other installations at Trondheim, while others wrecked an Important metal plant at Heroya. RAF Mosquito bombers attacked western Germany last night after a one-night layoff. Two Mosquitos were lost, and one fighter was miss ing from a night offensive patrol. Today’s operations followed a re newed German air offensive against Britain with an attack for the first time in many months on southwest England and the region where American troops are rehearsing for an invasion of the Continent. A' coastal town was hit sharply with | incendiaries and high explosives.! The Berlin radio said Plymouth was attacked. Other London Suburbs Hit. Heaviest damage was done in the residential section and fires were: started in the industrial area by the raiders, who were making their first incursion over Britain in a week. Some persons were reported killed. Between 15 and 20 others believed trapped in the ruins of several homes were being sought by rescue squads today. Bombs also fell in one or two of London's outer suburbs. Allied aircraft active in the Aege an campaign flew many sorties to aid the British-Italian defenders of the island of Leros. A Cairo communique disclosed American bombers, escorted by Brit ish long-range fighters, attacked two enemy destroyers near Leros yester day and got a hit on one of them. A large column of black smoke is sued from the destroyer. The enemy vessels were escorted by JU-88s and Arado 196s. Leros Positions Bombed. Allied planes also hit enemy po sitions on Leros, Rhodes and Crete. Not one Allied aircraft was lost in ^ the Aegean operations, the com munique announced. Allied headquarters at Algiers said two aircraft were lost in the attacks on the Athens airports and in fight er attacks in the Italian battle area. (Berlin radio declared 16 American planes were shot down “when the enemy attacked Ger man airfields in the south of Greece November 15.”) The medium bombers from Italy which struck Kalamaki airport used both fragmentation and high ex plosive bombs and left a number of fires burning. These planes were engaged by enemy fighters. Allied headquarters at Algiers dis closed the Yugoslavs with the 15th Air Force fly planes bearing the Yugoslav insignia. In the Elevsis raid yesterday they were an ele ment in a formation which show (See RAIDS, Page A-14.) Barrett Party Violated OPA Rules, Demoted Detective Savs Policeman Robert J. Maghan, jr„ recently demoted from detective sergeant to private, today filed suit for $150,000 damages against the District government, Commissioner Young, Maj. Edward J. Kelly, super intendent of police, and Robert J. Barrett, chief of detectives. The suit alleges that Mr. Maghan was demoted because of resentment by the top police officials because he notified “the proper judicial authori ties” of information he gave regard ing a party at the Elks’ Club to honor Inspector Barrett for his promotion to detective chief. At the party, the complaint said, eight turkeys were served, although the tale of turkeys to civilians was M forbidden at that time, and about eight kegs of beer and about 10 cases of liquor were served, which were “not obtained in the ordinary course of business and in accordance with the prevailing alcoholic control reg ulations.’-' The suit also charged that the beer and liquor consumed was “fur nished as a gratuity by certain un derworld characters” and that "the gift of such beer and whisky” was in violation of the District code, “which prohibits a police officer from receiving a gift without the approval of the District of Columbia Com missioners.” Maj. Kelly and Inspector Barrett (See MAOHAN, Page A-4.) y_■ ( OHiCHE$TER,WIH'tt)Us \ TELL THE PEOPLE ABOUT THIS? AND MAKE IT i \PLENTYH,GH!V^ r WHENEVER THERES ANY BAD NEWS, | fM ALWAYS THEONE WHO HAS To P^^qwe^out:’ JIbowus Two Woman Members of RAF Die in Auto Crash; Four Hurt Truck Driver Drowns in Accident; Traffic Toll Here Nine in Nine Days (Pictures on Pages A-14 and B-l.) Two members of the British Women’s Auxiliary Air Force were killed and four other per sons were injured when the Royal Air Force station wagdn in which they were riding and an auto driven by a United States sailor collided at Nebraska ave nue and Albemarle streets N.W. at 1:45 a.m. today. Section Officer Ruth P. Wat son. 27, of London, who was staying at 2337 Ashmead place N.W., died In Emergency Hospital at 5:25 a.m., and Section Officer Monica N. Daventry, 31, who was staying at 3847 Chesapeake street N.W., died at 3:55 a.m. at Georgetown Hospital. Others injured in the crash, ac cording to police, were Section Offi cer Dorothy Rodwell, 30, who was rooming with Miss Daventry; John William Franklin, 27, of 4602 Four teenth street N.W., official driver of the joint British staff, operator of the station wagon; Seaman Rob ert Hite, U. S. N„ 22, of 4541 River road N.W., operator of the automo-: mobile, and Robert W. Ricketts, 20,' 4116 Garrison street N.W., a pas senger in Hite's car. Seaman Hite is home on leave after completing his initial training; in the Navy at Great Lakes Training! Station. Also dead as the result of an acci dent yesterday afternoon, was Ca ruthus E. Lewis, 43, of 2014 North! Culpeper street. Arlington, who drowned in the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal when the dump truck he was (See ACCIDENT8, Page A-14.) At Least Six Killed, 20 Hurt in Bias! at Yorktown Mine Depot Naval Arms Warehouse Explosion Felt in Norfolk, 30 Miles Distant By the AseocUted Press. YORKTOWN, Va.. Nov. 16.—An! explosion in a warehouse at the Naval Mine Depot here today! killed at least 6 civilian employes and injured between 20 and 30,' 2 of them seriously. The blast awakened thousands of residents of Norfolk, Portsmouth and New port News, some 30 miles distant. Capt. R. D. Kirkpatrick, com manding officer at the depot, said he believed the damage was ex tensive, but that no estimate could be given immediately. Several fires broke out after the blast,, but were quickly extinguished. The explosion occurred at 12:25 a.m. in the explosive plant area. It threw the lighting system out of commission and all persons not participating in rescue work were ordered out. Dead Listed. Naval authorities said the follow ing were dead: J. F. Remine, leading man la borer, Yorktown: Robert A. Talia ferro, Malachi Taliaferro, Leonard C. Brown and Charlie Lucas, col ored, of Lee Hall, Va.. and Harold Washington, colored, Yorktown. Seriously injured were Boswell James Sewell, an inspector, suf fering a probable fractured skull, and Louis Prince, colored, with fractured bones. No addresses were given. Seven others were hospitalized and were treated for lacerations and bruises. Fake Alarm at Air Station. It was believed at first that the explosion had occurred at the Nor folk Naval Air Station, where 28 were killed and about 245 others hurt September 17 in an explosion of depth charges. The 5th Naval District public relations office at Norfolk said a false fire alarm at the air station a few seconds after the Yorktown explosion had given rise to the belief. , Earlier the Navy had said the deaths totaled eight, but subsequent investigation indicated only six known dead and a possibility that one or two other employes, be lieved to have been working at the depot at the time of the explosion, may have been killed. The explosion was preceded by a “reddish yellow flash from an ex plosives warehouse which lighted up a wide area and went up at least 200 feet in the air,” said Pvt. Thomas Kammerer, 20, a marine guard from Jamaica, N. Y. After the flash, he said, there was “a big blast, the loudest thing I ever heard." Only ZOO Yards Away. Pvt. Kammerer, who was standing some 200 yards from the warehouse where the explosion occurred, said it hurled him 10 feet straight up in the air and blew his gloves off his hands. He came down on the right side of his head, and his ear drum was injured. He said his escape from death was miraculous. He was standing only 2 feet from another high explosives warehouse whose sides Were split by the concussion. Hie roof of the sec ond building was partly ripped off, (See MINE DEPOT, Page A-14.) Coal Price Increase Proposed by, OPA Too Low, Ickes Says UMW Urges Resignation Of Four Public Members Of Labor Board By the Associ»ted Pres*. Secretary of Interior Ickes has protested to Stabilization Direc tor Fred M. Vinson that coal price increases recommended by the Office of Price Administra tion to meet increased produc tion costs are not high enough. Mr. ickes’ appeal went to Mr. Vinson, Informed sources said to day, after the draft of the schedule was prepared jointly by OPA and, representatives of the Solid Fuels Administration, which Mr. Ickes heads. The controversy arose, it was learned, when the draft was pre sented to Mr. Ickes yesterday for his approval. There was no hint, meanwhile, of the extent of the increase Mr. Ickes is seeking to compensate for pro duction cost boosts resulting from the Government contract with the miners, providing for increased earnings. Mr. Vinson, who lnust pass on any increases allowed since the cost of living is involved, re fused to comment on the contro versy. The OPA program calls for an increase of 60 cents a ton in the (See COAL, Page A-14T) Citrus Fruit Price Cut Delayed Pending Study By the Associated Press. Housewives have an indefinite wait for lower prices on oranges and grapefrutt. Current ceilings will remain in ef fect, ,the Office of Price Administra tion announced today, pending fur ther study of a new regulation which will reflect the seasonal cost drop that normally occurs at this time. Reduced prices were scheduled to go into effect today, but an eleventh hour order by Stabilization Director Fred M. Vinson retained the early season maximums for an unspecified period. Under a differential, which was embodied in present price ceiling regulations, oranges which have been selling at $3.39 a box would have sold at $3.09 after last mid night. Atlantic Charter Delay Until Boundaries Are Set Hinted by Hull Settlement of Disputes Over Territory May Postpone Voting By BLAIR BOLLES. Secretary of State Hull, who will describe his work at Moscow in a speech to a joint meeting of Congress Thursday, said today that all the territorial disputes in the world—some 30 or 40 have been put off for decision until after the war. The talk will be broadcast, starting at 12:30 p.m. Clarifying remarks he made to a press conference yesterday, Mr. Hull indicated that peoples living in countries that are beset by terri torial disputes will not have an op portunity of voting on their future m accordance with the self-deter mination doctrine In the Atlantic Charter until the territorial ques tions have been first decided. The Secretary's statement today appeared to be a great boon for the Soviet Union, which is claiming the Baltic republics and the eastern area of Poland. Steps Outlined. Apparently the order of steps from Axis occupation to liberation are to be these: 1. Allied military control by what ever army ^reaches any particular area first. The Russian armies ob viously w'ill reach the Baltic repub lics and Eastern Poland before any others. 2. Postwar settlement of boundary questions. 3. Self-determination by the peo ple in countries after the boundaries are adjusted as to the nature of the government they wish—in accord ance wnth the Italian declaration adopted at Moscow. Mr. Hull said that the Italian formula was not intended to go back of the whole territorial controversy He added that there could be no permanently liberated areas until the territorial problems were dis posed of permanently. rears slowing or war. Mr. Hull said that to stop now and take up territorial questions might slow down the war. Mr. Hull reviewed his trip for newspapermen yesterday. He re vealed the United States, Great Britain and Russia agreed-that the peoples of Europe would be free tc choose their own governments with out outside interference on libera tion from the Axis. The Italian declaration, Mr. Hull said, will be the pattern for the rest of Europe, including the Baltic republics. The Italian declara tion thus assumes a new importance as a corollary of the Atlantic Char ter, which Mr. Hull said the three governments had no desire to com promise. Establishes Freedom. The declaration provides for “free dom of speech, of religious worship of political belief, of press and oi public meeting” and says: “The foreign secretaries of the United States, United Kingdom and Soviet Union have established that their three governments are in com plete agreement • • • that the Ital ian people shall be given every op portunity to establish governmental and other institutions based upon democratic principles.” The Russian government agreed at the conference to send a mone tary expert to the United States tc join exploratory conversations with American and British representa tives on world currency stabiliza tion. The Russian move was disclosed by Secretary Hull, who told the press conference he himself had raised (See HUI*L, Page A-14.1 Official Soviet Paper Praises Hull's Contribution to Parley By the Associated Press. MOSCOW, Nov. 16.—The official Soviet government newspaper Izves tia today paid a front-page editorial tribute to Secretary of State Hull for his contributions to the Moscow meeting. Mr. Hull ha£ played “a particular ly big role in the collaboration be ttyeen the U. S. S. R. and the U. S. A.,” said the editorial marking the 10th .anniversary of the estab lishment of diplomatic relations be tween the countries. “The Soviet people highly appre ciate the aid offered by our allies, the United States and Great Britain, to the Red Army.” said Izvestia, "in the struggle against Hitlerite Germany.” The editorial then declared, "The peoples of the USSR and the United States are manifesting a growing in terest in one another and' learning to understand the character and habits of the friendly nations. Po litical rapprochement and cultural connections are helping to eliminate a number of prejudices in regard tc the Soviet Union which formerly delayed the development of friendly attitudes between the two nations. “Both in the United States and (See SOVIET, Page A-14.) Foes of Subsidy Threaten Move To Kill OPA House Committee Set To Act if President Presses Demand By the Associated Priss. * House subsidy foes today threatened to attack the very existence of OPA unless Presi dent Roosevelt drops his de mands for authority to pay out Government funds in order to hold down retail food prices. Chairman Steagall of the House Banking Committee disclosed the strategy. Whether it will be em ployed depends on events. Meanwhile, Chairman Smith of the Senate Agriculture Committee commented that the administra tion's price rollback-subsidy pro gram should bring a “political roll ing back" in 1944. W. D. Farrv Greeley, Colo., sec retary of the Colorado-Nebraska Lamb Feeders’ Association, had Just testified before the committee that livestock producers were the prin cipal sufferers under the Govern ment's rollback of retail meat prices. “You’ve given a picture of what’s happening under this rollback,” Senator Smith interposed, then added, “Now it’s up to the people to do some political rolling back at the next election." The House may take up Thurs day a bill extending the life of the Commodity Credit Corp., including an amendment banning all con sumer subsidy payments after thla calendar year. Mr. Roosevelt vetoed such a bill before. Mr. Steagall said that if the President takes the same atti tude again, his committee will at tach the prohibition to legislation extending the life of the Office of Price Administration beyond June 30, 1944. xuu snow mey want that con tinued,” said Mr. Steagall, referring to OPA. The swell of criticism against sub sidies continued in the Senate where the Agriculture Committee, avowedly against them, called in more than 200 witnesses, including | State Agriculture Department heads and food producers’ spokesmen for their views. Charles W. Holman, secretary of the National Co-operative Producers’ Federation, first witness for the dairy industry, declared that sub sidies are “in themselves wasteful and inflationary.” He said in a statement that sub sidy payments not only must come out of the pockets of taxpayers, but "they add doubly to the burden of taxation because expensive adminis trative costs are heaped upon the amount of the subsidy.” "This reason alone, in addition to all others, including the danger of regimentation, is enough to merit opposition to subsidies by dairy farmers and all other people,” Mr Holman said. Big Milk Output Drop Feared. He predicted 1943 milk production would fail by "at least 7.000.000 pounds to meet the goal of 132,000. 000 pounds.” "When milk production declines to that extent, something is wrong with the price policy.” he declared. Senator Danaher, Republican, of Connecticut disclosed last night that Gov. Raymond Baldwin of ; Connecticut had appealed to Presi !dent Roosevelt in a telegram for an emergency conference cm food trou bles. The Governor warned the President that milk production was declining critically. Backing up this contention was Senator Aiken, Republican, of Ver mont, who declared that milk pro duction was dropping despite the Federal dairy subsidy program be gan October l. He added that he did not believe any ccjiference of subordinate officials would “do a bit because I think they are all op erating under directions from the White House, and the President is the only one whose mind has to be changed.” Subsidies Called “Bribery.” ; Earlier Joe Montague. Fort Worth ; (Tex.) lawyer, told the Senate Agri culture Committee that subsidies were a form of “bribery and black mail'’ being used as a weapon to set up a dictatorship. P. O. Wilson, Chicago, another livestock repre sentative. predicted that the present price regulations will bring about an acute shortage of beef. Ray O’Brien, president of the Chi cago Board of Trade, declared that the Government would have to con fiscate grain stocks from farms for livestock feeding and industrial pur poses next year unless steps were taken immediately to “break the stalemate in the corn market.” Japanese Radio Reports Death of Gen. Tominaga By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, Nov. 16 —The Tokio radio announced today in a domestic broadcast that Lt. Gen. Nobumasa Tominaga, commander of a Japa nese Army corps on the "southern front,” had died November 9 of illness contracted in the field. The broadcast, reported by the United States Foreign Broadcast Intelligence Service, did not say specifically where Gen. Tominaga was serving at the time of his death. It recalled, however, that he was graduated from the Army Staff College in 1919, served from 1924-2* as military attache in Berlin and taught in several Japanese military schools before going to the Chinese front. Coal Mine Operators Advertise for Workers By the Associated Press. POTTSVILLE, Pa., Nov. 16 — For the first time in the history of the anthracite coal industry, mine opera tors are using the newspapers to ad vertise for workers. Following Saturday’s virtual shut down, all anthracite collieries in this district, with one exception, are back in operation.