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U. S. Bomber Force, Waging 'Our Private War,'
Pounds Daily at Nazi Supply Routes in Balkans men part 01 tnp iorce moved from Africa to Sicily and was a ma terial factor in making possible the Allied landings. The next move ^vas the shift to eastern Italy with re ports that, as the efforts to Greek Jugoslav and Albanian guerrillas be came more open and ferocious. Ger many was trying to reinforce its Balkan garrisons with both troops and munitions. They have mad° this, at the best, a costly business. Most of the country is wild and mountainous. There are few trunk highways and railroad lines which ♦hp Germans must follow to get men and supplies to the key Balkan cities. Day after day the American bombers with their fighter escorts are pounding at these roads and railroads, as well as the rail centers, supply depots and motor convoys. All the experience in this type of warfare gained in Africa. Sicily and Italy is being applied by Gen. Ride nour's bomber and fighter pilots in this new theater of operations. Their efforts have been a material factor in recent victories of the 'Pa triot'' forces who appear to be fairly well armed and to be fighting with growing confidence. A colorful element in this new air campaign is the presence of Italian plane and pilots co-operating with thp American Air Forces. Thus far there has been relatively little fighter opposition over the Balkan Mountains but the planes run into flak above the strategic cities. There Is no indication that Germany in tends to sell this corner of Europe cheaply. Gen. Ridenour himself, air vet eran of the last war. lead= some cf the forays and the other day got a slight flak wound in the left leg while over the Larissa Airfield. He has recovered. Aerial photos snow that the de struction has been widespread at strategic points. At. the Salonika. Elousis and Larissa airdromes hang ers now display gaping holes and the landing grounds are full of carters. At their debut in Albania, at Tirana, on October 13 the Amer ican bombers no tonly scored direct hits on numerous parked aircraft but left repair sheds, barracks, stores and depots in flames. Nazi shipping has suffered from the P-38s. They have sunk a 550 foot merchant vessel in Corfu Har bor and scored near misses on a 6.000-ton merchant ship and a liner In Koter Harbor. A medium mer chant vessel in Levkas Harbor was the recipient of a direct hit and eight near misses. The introduction of the bomber command to Yugoslavia in an attack on the key Skoplje marshalling yards on October 18 illustrates what is meant by modern air offensive. The Mitchells and their Lightning escorts about covered the yards, and scored direct hits on the locomotive repair shops, sheds, buildings, trains and lumber yards. P-38s dive bombed the nearby signal station and scored hits among the rolling stock. Returning from their mis sion. they informed their headquar 4 By THOMAS R. HENRY, 8tar Staff CorresDondetr WITH UNITED STATES AIR FORCE IN EASTERN ITALY (By Aerial Communication).—Over tem pled hills of classic Greece and dark, ' pale-f ores ted valleys of Al bania, American wings throw ominous shad ows these days as Brig. Gen. Carlyle H. Ride nour’s medium bombers strew destruction i n the path of German efforts to reinforce troops trying to hold the Bal kans against in creasingly sav- Thomas R. Henry, age efforts at the guerrilla forces and the constant threat of invasion by Allied armies. The men of Gen. Ridenour’s forces refer to this scampaign as •’our private war'' since they are the only American troops actively engaged in this particular sector of the cracking wall around Axis dominated Europe. For a year now. they have been heralds of doom to Hitler's forces. Last spring they had their “private war’’ in Tunisia, materially soften ing the defenses in preparation for the final push which ended in th" elimination of the Africa Korps and the close of this phase of the war. Then, while the United States di visions in Africa were being rested and re-equipped for the next cam paign and the world wondered where the blow would be struck, the Amer ican bombers kept on day after day with their attacks on Sicily and Sardinia. The result was that the Axis air force was practically elimi nnted from these islands before Allied troops landed on Sicilian beaches July 10. Open Niles until 9 PM. I Parked for Mailing! | BARRACKS SCUFFS In Matching Container $1.45 Here's a gift any service man will go for. East , relaxing khaki or navy scuffs with saddle stitched leather trim. Matching container and ready to mail. All size;. Complete Military Store Agents: A. G. Spalding & Bros. Free Parking: Star Parking Plata ters that German motor convoys were proceeding in the vicinity of Skoplje. Like veterans answering a three-alarm fire, two formations of P-38s took off after them. When they were through, they had de stroyed and damaged many motor trucks as well as doing a clean-up job on some tanks, cars and locomo tives which they went after to make the day complete. On this jaunt, they blew up an unusually large ammunition dump. On October 20, Mitchells with a Lightning escort went after the all important railroad center of Nish which contained three large group; of sidings capable of accommodat ing nearly 3,000 cars, and a round house with a capacity of 40 locomo tives. Nish is a focal point of mair 1 railroad lines from Belgrade Skoplje, Salonika and Sofia. Apart from one other lint from Belgrade to Skoplje, all traffic from the Yugo slav capital to Greece, Bulgaria and eventually Turkey must pass through Nish. Reconnaissance pho | tos taken two hours later show that a demoralizing blow had been dealt to the German supply lines in the Balkans. This day-after-day hammering of German rail and air force installa tions in the Balkans is expected soon to show its effects on other fronts. Much needed supplies will not be forthcoming and units <#f the Axis air forces will have to be with drawn to protect the Balkans. By I pressing this attack unceasipf ly with sufficient strength before the enemy can strengthen himself, the American air forces hope^materially to shorten the war in this corner of the world. Recruiting Drive Yields Lone Woman Worker By th< Associated Press. LOS ANGELES—General Managei John C. Lee of the War Productior Council said a house-to-house can vass of 1,500 homes was made foi aircraft workers, and 150 womer promised to work. Half of them actually reported a plants and four accepted jobs. Then three quit. Anderson, 38, Promoted To Major General's Rank Promotion of Brig. Gen. Fred erick L. Anderson, who formerly lived here at 1301 Juniper street N.W., to major general was an nounced yesterday by Army head 1 quarters in Britain, where Gen. An j derson is commander of the 8th Air I Force bomber command, the Asso ciated Press has reported. Gen. Anderson, 38, is a 1928 West Point graduate and becomes one of ! the youngest major generals in the 1 Army today. A native of Kingston. N. Y„ he was stationed here as as sistant to the chief of training, office, chief of Air Forces, from May, 1941, until later assignment as deputy director of bombardment in January, 1942. Gen. Anderson holds the Distin guished Flying Cross awarded him on December 14, 1934. As Lt. An derson, he was on maneuvers over San Francisco when he plane caught fire. After directing his mechanic to bail out, he flew the ship out over the bay and parachuted. He remained in the water until picked up by the crew of the U. S. S. Okla homa. 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