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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 07, 1943, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Colder tonight, temperature near 38.
Tomorrow fair, rising temperature.
Temperatures today—Highest, 53, at
3:55 a.m.; lowest, 47, at 8:50 a.m.; 51
a t 1:30 p.m. Yesterday—Highest, 51,
at 3:30 p.m.; lowest, 37, at 5:55 a.m,
Lote New York Markets, Poge A-21.
— -
Guide for Readers
page.
After Dark—B-14
Amusements A-11
Comics_B-lg-19
Editorials .. A-*
Finance A-20-21
Lost and Found A-3
Pa|e.
Obituary .A-10
Radio .B-19
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Where to Go B-8
Woman’s Page A-lf
An Associated Press Newspaper
91st YEAR. No. 36,378.
_^ ASHIXGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1943—FORTY-TWO PAGES. ***
SftSeL THREE CENTS.
Roosevelt and Churchill Confer
With Turk President on War Role;
5th Army Smashes Nazi Defenses
Talks Declared
As Important as
Those in Teheran
By the Associ»t*d Press.
LONDON, Dec. 7.—A confer
ence of President Roosevelt.
Prime Minister Churchill and
President Ismet Inonu of Turkey
has been in progress in North
Africa, it was learned today, and
the results will concern Turkey's
future position In relation to the
Allies’ war against the Axis.
The participation of Mr. Inonu
In conferences with Mr. Roosevelt
and Mr. Churchill apparently was
based on the never-implemented
British-Turkish pact of 1939 which!
pledged Turkey to aid Britain in
the event of aggression leading to
war in the Mediterranean.
The diplomatic correspondent of
the British Press Association wrote.1
"Churchill and Roosevelt are in1
conference with President Ismet
Inonu of Turkey and their delib
erations may in due course have al-|
most as important an effect upon
the course and conduct of the war
as the great inter-Allied talks which
already have taken place in Cairo
end Teheran."
Nazis Report Pressure on Turks.
The Berlin radio said that the
conference had been completed in
Cairo and that Mr. Inonu had re
turned to Ankara, where the Turk
ish cabinet would meet in special
session.
German spokesmen meanwhile,
told Swedish correspondents that \
"the Allies are exerting heavy pres-!
sure to force Turkey to join the
war.”
'A Budapest, broadcast heard
by United States Government
monitors said Bulgarian Premier
Dobri Bnjilov had conferred with
the Turkish Minister to Sofia
after a meeting of the Bulgarian
cabinet last night, it declared
that. well-informed political
circles in Sofia connect this cabi- ,
net, meeting with the Turkish- i
Anglo - Saxon - Soviet confer
ence "i
Franz von Papen. the German
Ambassador, talked for nearlv an
hour yesterday with Turkish Pre
mier Sakru Saracoglu. Reuters re
ported today in a dispatch from
Ankara.
There has been no Allied con
firmation of such a conference.
Cairo dispatches yesterday said the
whereabout of President Roosevelt
had not been disclosed since he at
tended the three-power meeting in
Ifan, although it was revealed that
Mr. Churchill had attended com
bined British-American military
parleys in Cairo subsequent to the
Teheran meeting.
Moving Troops Through Bulgaria.
Reports reaching Budapest from
Sofia, however, indicated that the
Nazi', preparing to meet any change
in Turkey's status, were moving
troops through Bulgaria in the di
rection of the Turkish border. Three
motorized German divisions were
said to have passed through the
Bulgarian capital in recent days.
Such troop movements in Bul
garia—the first of the satellities toj
fall from the Kaiser's orbit in the!
World War—might be incidental.'
however, to reports of mounting
tension within that, country.
Taking a Turkish-British-Ameri-|
can conference for granted, George
Schroeder. political correspondent of !
the German Overseas News Agency !
asserted that the Wilhelmstrasse
does not think it fit to consider this
Turkish-Allied meeting as just, a
routine trip of the Turkish ' Presi- I
dent.”
“Anglo-American .sources." he de
clared. "hint, at the possibility that \
the Balkans campaign was discussed \
in Teheran and if that was the!
rase it would be imperative to know
what Turkey's attitude would be."
In London there was little specu
'Sep TURKEY. Page A-7.)
Allied Casualties in Pacific
Total 193,000, Tokio Says
:he Associated Press.
The Tokio radio quoted an im
perial headquarters communique to
day as making the fantastic claim
that the Japanese Army had killed
or disabled 193.000 Allied soldiers on I
the South Pacific and Aleutian!
fronts from December. 1942. through i
November of this year.
The broadcast, recorded by the
Associated Press, asserted, moreover.1
that 2.728 Allied planes were de
stroyed on those fronts during the i
same period and 158 ships were "ac
counted for." The communique was
represented as saying the Allies had !
a total strength of 400.000 men in
those areas.
The Japanese losses for the period
were placed at 32.962 killed and 313
planes lost.
The broadcast made even more
exaggerated claims of losses inflicted
on the Chinese.
Raids on Berlin Killed
250,000, Swiss Report
Ey the Associated Press.
BERN. Dec. 7.—The Gazette de
Laussanne. in a dispatch from Basel,
on the German border, asserted to
day that recent Allied bombings of
Berlin had resulted in the deaths
of 250,000 persons. The number of
injured cannot be estimated, it was;
said.
Previous unconfirmed reports re
layed through Sw eden put the Ber-I
lin death toll at 25,000. Germany
never has given any official figure.
Delinquent Tax List
the first installment of the !
1943 delinquent tax list for
the District of Columbia is 1
published in The Star today,
rages A-14-18 \
Accord at Teheran Bolsters
Hope for Nazis' Rout in 1944
Officials See Two More Years Needed
To Bring About Defeat of Japanese
Bv JOHN M. HIGHTOWER,
Associated Press Staff Writer.
Belief that the war against
Germany will be won in the. third
year of American participation,
which begins on this second an
niversary of the Pearl Harbor
attack, was buttressed today by
the high command accord
reached at Teheran.
But the military and naval officials
who hold this belief forsee at least
two more years of fighting before
Japan can be forced into the uncon
ditional surrender decided on at the
Pacific war conference in Cairo.
Studying the effects of the Cairo
meeting and the European war con
ference at Teheran, announced yes
terday, strategists here summed up
1943 as the last year of preparation
on the home and fighting fronts and
predicted the 12 months now begfn
ni’»3 will see the launching of un
precedented offensives against both
Germany and Japan.
As a result of these milestone
meetings the Allied groups ranged
| against both foes have perfected the
overall pattern of their victory strat
egies. determining the time and na
ture of the final three-pronged as
sault on Germany as well as the ad
vances designed to bring the full
power of Britain. America and China
against Japan.
Attack in Balkans Seen.
Washington experts emphasize
that this is an epochal accomplish
ment. Despite the long series of
1 conferences between President
i Roosevelt and Prime Minister
iChurchill and an increasingly free
exchange of information with
Russia and China, no such specific
agreements on war plans and post
jwar objectives had ever before been
| achieved among the Allies.
Speculation is that the military
actions to implement the Teheran
decisions may start in the Balkans.
For that reason officials here are
awaiting further clues to Turkey's
ToIp witn extreme interest.
The communique issued jointly by
Mr. Roosevelt. Mr. Churchill and
1 See CONFERENCE. Page A-2 >
Vital Nazi Rail Line
In Central Ukraine
Severed by Reds
Kirovograd Stronghold,
23 Miles to West,
Imperiled by Drive
Bv the Associated Pre'S.
LONDON, Dec. 7 — Driving
across the bleak Central Ukraine
southwest of Kremenchug in an
offensive apparently aimed at
clearing the great Dnieper bend
Red Army troops under Gen,
Robion Malinovsky have severed
the Germans’ vital railway line
between Smela and Znamenka to
threaten the important strong
hold of Kirovograd. 23 miles
farther west, a Russian com
munique said today.
A powerful Soviet artillery aid air
parrage crumbled German defenses
in front of the infantry and tank
advance, which stormed into the
town of Tsibulevo astride the 50
mile long Znamenka-Smela rail di
vision. 14 miles northwest of
Znamenka.
Twenty other towns, including
Alevandriya and Dikovka. east of
Znamenka, were overrun, while 900
Germans were killed and 17 tanks
destroyed in thA Red Army squeeze,
he Soviet bulletin said. The drive
was staged at the height of a
cowling blizzard through heavily
drifted snow.
Report Capture of Prisoners.
“Our troops captured a great
imount of equipment and ammuni
tion and prisoners were taken." the
lommunique said.
Capture of Tsibulevo and Olim
Piadovka. southwest of Alexandria.
Placed Russian columns only 23
miles from Kirovograd and appar
ently sealed the fate of Znamenka,
where Soviet advance units were re
ported battering the town's outer
defenses.
Other Soviet troops were less than
hx miles from Smela after an attack
which had by-passed the Dnieper
Ftiver city of Cherkasy. Juncture
pf these forces with those advancing
>n Kicovograd apparently was re
garded as imminent.
The developing Red Army offen
sive. which has already .split large
German forces guarding their lat
eral rail and supply linos, now
threatens the security of all enemy
positions in the Lower Ukraine from
the Black Sea to the Rumanian
frontier, including the stoutly
defended manganese center of
Krivoi Rog, 6 miles below Znam
enka.
Nazi Attacks Repulsed.
The Russian war bulletin reported
continued heavy German attacks in
the Chernyakhov sector of the Kiev
bulge, all of which, it said, were re
pulsed with approximately 1.000
enemy dead being counted on the
battlefield
Red Army troops forged ahead
northwest of Gomel, the communi
que said, and captured several more
towns on the road to Zhlobin and
Rogaehevn rail centers important
to the German defense system in
White Russia. There was stubborn
hand-to-hand fighting as the enemy
sought to stay the advance, and
hundreds of German soldiers were
killed, the bulletin added.
Heavy Raids Indicate
Invasion oi Marshalls
And New Britain
Nimitz Announcement
Of Carrier-Borne Attack
Gives No Details
Bv Associated Fre*?
PEARL HARBOR. Dpc 7.—Two
years after Japanese planes
I touched off the Pacific war at
Pearl Harbor America's expand
ing air force is raining heavy
: offensive blows which hint at
; early invasion of the Marshalls
and New Britain, two vital links
in the enemy's chain of outpost
defenses for Japan and the
Philippines.
Tersely. Admirl Chester W. Nimitz
announced that strong aircraft car
rier task forces smashed hard Sat
urday at the Marshalls—the same
type of attack which immediately
preceded the successful albeit bit
terly waged, conquest of the Gilberts
only two weeks ago.
Enemy air and shipping bases in
the Marshalls. 2.000 miles southwest
of Hawaii and about 300 miles
northeast of the Gilberts, form step
ping stones on what Navy Sectary
Knox has termed "the more direct
route to Japan."
New Britain Raided.
Nearly 2.000 miles to the south
west ol this action New Britain
Island, whose capture would burst
open the .sea lanes to the Philip
pines. was blasted Saturday night
and Sunday from the fortress of
Rabaul on the east to the air base
of Cape Gloucester on the west. Gen.
Douglas MacArthur reported today.
Within two weeks Gen. MacAr
thur's planes have exploded 1.000
tons of bombs on New Britain, a
position to which Japan has hinged
her Solomons and New Guinea de
fenses. The bulk of that tonnage
has fallen on supplies and installa
tions at the western end which is
separated at the closest point by
only 70 miles of water from Gen.
MacArthur's ground forces on New
Guinea's Huon Peninsua.
The necessity for radio silence, in
order to protect the movements of
task force, limited Admiral Nimitz's
announcement on the latest Mar
shalls attack, one which followed a
series of raids on bases there by
Army land-based Liberators.
Tokio radio, whose widespread
claims of sinkings frequently are
issued for the purpose of obtaining
information on Allied naval dis
< See PACIFIC, Page~A^20n
Reckord Named Provost
For European War Area
B? ihe Associated Press.
LONDON. Dec. 7.—Maj Gen. Mil
ton A. Reckord of Baltimore, who
commanded the 115th Infantry in
France in the World War. has been
.appointed provost marshal general
for the European theater of opera
tions He succeeds Brig. Gen. Gordon
C. Hollar. Sioux City. Iowa, who will
serve under Gen. Reckord as deputy
directoi
Gen. Reckord formerly was head
of the United States 3d Service Com
mand, with headquarters at Balti
more.
Super Battleship Wisconsin
Is Launched at Philadelphia
By the Associated Press.
PHILADELPHIA, Dec. 7.—The
$90,000,000 super battleship Wiscon
sin. her bow towering higher than a
five-storv building, was launched
into the Delaware River at the
Philadelphia Navy Yard today. The
huge craft was hailed by Assistant
Secretary of the Navy Ralph A.
Bal'd as an answer” to Japan's
Pearl Harbor attack on the sec
ond anniversary of the aggression.
Mrs. Walter S. Goodland. wife
of the Governor of Wisconsin,
christened the vessel before a cheer
ing crowd of workmen. Navy offi
cers. Wisconsin State officials and
Government executives
Rear Admiral M. F. Draemel.
commandant, of the Fourth Naval
District, said in a launching apeeeh
A

! that, "as the distance to a probable
battle area increases, more ships
like the Wisconsin will be needed."
Mr. Bard told the 35.000 spec
tators that the launching brought
the enemy "one step nearer to their
destruction by the Allied nations"
^and expressed the hope that the
ship would "sail some day into the
harbors of Germany and Japan."
Admiral Draemel termed the ship
another step toward solving the
problem of getting enough ships in
the battle area to insure an Allied
victory when and if Japan decides to
fight.”
Gov. Goodland asked that the
ship be dedicated ‘‘to the men and
women engaged in the World War
* * * and especially to the 230.000"
~(S«e WISCONSIN, Pa#e A-20.)
British Tanks
Push Across
Moro River
(Map on Page A-3.)
By Thr Associated Press.
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. Al
giers, Dec. 7—Fifth Army infan
try has crashed through Nazi
defenses in bitter assaults to
capture the most dominating
positions in a 25-mile-square
area overlooking the road to
Rome, it was announced today,
while on the east coast of Itaiy
British tanks pushed across the
Moro River.
A headquarters officer, describing
the battle in the vital Monte Cam
mo and Monte Maggiore area on
the western sector, declared. "We
now' hold the most important fea
tures in that area roughly five
miles long and five miles wide."
On the Adriatic side of the Ger
man 10th Army line. Gen. Sir
Bernard L. Montgomery's tanks
and infantry m*ned across the
Moro, 10 miles above the Sangro
River, in a tank battle fought in
a log. Four German Mark IV
tanks were wrecked.
Nazi Airfields Pounded.
The new United States 15th Air
Force struck heavily, at the Ger
mans' Elevsis and Kalamaki air
fields near Athens, with Flying
Fortresses and Liberators knocking
down 10 Nazi planes in a violent
air battle.
American troops wading flooded
areas, with water up to their necks
at many places marked the second
anniversary of Pearl Harbor with
bloody fighting.
Marshal Albert Kesselring. real
izing the prime importance of the
1 500-foot and 2.800-foot peaks dom
inating the road to Rome running
through Cassino. threw the full
weight of his division into desperate
counterattacks.
But despite these heavy blows,
the American troops captured a
mountain point six miles west of
Mignano overlooking I he swollen
Garigliano River, and farther inland
plunged a mile west of Filignano.
taking 40 prisoners in a localized
assault.
Strong-point Seized.
South of the American positions
on the ridges of Mount Maggiore,
British forces were driven off a ridge
bv a furious Nazi assault, but in a
| nearby sector seized a German
‘strongpoint.
The 8th Army punch across the
Moro River met less difficulty than
I anticipated, but the tank action was
one*6f the few fought in mountain
ous Italy. It occurred at San Leo
nardo, 2>s miles northwest of San
Vito and 2 miles inland
North of the Moro. the Germans
threw in two counterattacks which
were beaten off
The fighting on the Adriatic flank
now runs from the mouth of the
Moro River to a point four miles
northeast of Orsogna, and then
south to Casoli.
Heavy rains swept the 8th Army
front.
Supply Difficulties.
Both the Germans and the Allies
are having difficulty bringing up
supplies all along the front across
Italy.
The Garigliano River on the west
ern side is swollen more than a
mile wide in places. Swamplands
and flooded creeks hampered both
sides.
Low-lying clouds cloaked some
mountain peaks on the 5th Army
front, and attacking British-Amer
ican troops had to feel their way
forward through fog.
Due to weather, aerial activity
over Italy was slight. but Amer
ican invader planes hit the ap
proaches to a bridge at Ceprano.
southeast of Rome, and Warhawks
attacked a bridge southeast of
Cassino. Two Allied planes were
lost in all operations.
On the Athens raid, waves of
Fortresses and Liberators, escorted
by Lightnings, poured fragmentation
bombs and explosives on the air
fields, hitting parked planes and
hangars.
The Nazi fighters put up their
most vigorous defense in weeks, but
the Americans sent down 10 and
damaged at least 7 more out of 33
attackers.
Senate Unit Reports
Milk Price Rise Bill
Measure Would Stop
Subsidies to Dairies
By the Associated Press.
The Senate Agriculture Commit
tee reported favorably today a bill
to abolish livestock feed subsidies to
dairymen, institute a temporary in
i crease of 1 cent a quart in the price
paid milk producers, and mandate
an upward adjustment of milk prices
to reflect present production costs.
The committee vote was an
nounced as 10 to 0.
The measure, sponsored by Sen
ators Eastland of Mississippi and
McClellan of Arkansas. Democrats,
i would require that the War Food
Administration and the Office of
Price Administartion discontinue at
ionce their subsidy to dairymen who
are forced to pay more for feed than
a year ago. This subsidy is paid di
rect to the farmers.
The ultimate adjustment of
prices would be made within four
months, with the 1-cent increase
effective immediately until final
prices are set regionally on the
basis of production costs.
Senator Aiken. Republican, of
Vermont, said the bill would be de
bated by the Senate with the pend
ing Commodity Credit Corp. meas
ure which contains a provision
knocking out the administration’s
entire food aubeldy program.
I
\
I
McCarran Criticizes
Present D. C. Rule
As 'Unfortunate'
Senate Committee
Opens Hearings on
Suffrage Bill
Bv DON S. WARREN.
Opening public hearings on
his bill to provide for an elected
commission-city manager form
of "home rule” for District resi
dents. Chairman McCarran of
the Senate District Committee
today declared the need for
such a step was brought "vivid
ly” to his attention by disclosure
of "deplorable” conditions at
Gallinger Municipal Hospital.
“Investigation by the «Holman)
subcommittee of at least one insti
tution that demands eomplete and
rigid reformation, that deal with the
poor and afflicted, revealed the pres
ent conditions are deplorable." he
said.
"Personally.'' be continued, “I
think that home rule—Imperfect
though it may be—certainly would
be an improvement over what we
have at the present time It is un
fortunate that we have the kind of
government that we now have, but
I do not propose to dwell on that
now.”
Drawbacks Cited.
Senator McCarran agreed with the
first witness. Dr. Meyer Jacobstein
of the Brookings Institution staff—a
former member of Congress from
New York, but now a votcless Dis
trict resident—that it is "physically
impossible" for members of Con
gress to act effectively as a city
council for the District.
As Dr. Jacobstein put it*, under
the present situation. Congress
makes the laws, but the thought
that 531 members of the House and
Senate can act as a common council
is as silly as it is impracticable. As
Senator Burton. Republican, of Ohio
said at hearings on the delegate bill.
Congress just can't function that
way.
"Congress can't do it intelligently
and efficiently, so why not say so?”
Chairman McCarran declared
complaints come to the District
Committee almost daily "that we
know should be attended to. but it is
physically impossible. We are pow
erless."
Committee Attendance Low.
He said it was "rare' that as many
as four or five members attend Dis
trict Committee meetings, but that
this was not a criticism against
members, since they have other
pressing duties demanding attention.
When the witness remarked that
District residents once had self-gov
ernment, but lost it 70 years ago.
the Nevada Senator said that though
some lawyers might smile at the
idea, he had a question in his mind
whether, when the District area was
carved out of the territory of two
States, it was intended the people
should Jose their previous rights.
Senator McCarran emphasized
his bill was in the nature of a skele
ton form of home rule, as was
1 flic Charter Commission bill of
i Senator Holman. Republican of
Oregon, neither being presumed by
! their authors to approach perfec
l tion.
He added his studies of the situa
tion as a member of the Judiciary
Committee convinced him Congress
cannot give the District full rep
resentation comparable with a
state, that nothing short of a con
stitutional amendment would make
possible a state form of government
here. He added he did not think it
was the intent of the framers of
the Constitution that Washington
should have the status of a state.
witness Suggests Changes.
‘A constitutional amendment
might be put through, but it would
require a long time and might be
defeated." he said. "If the people
of the District want self-govern
ment. the opportunity is here now.
but it must not be foisted upon
them."
Dr. Jacobstein. who served as a
member of the Charter Commission
which drafted the city manager
plan for Rochester. N. Y.. about 15
years ago, suggested a number of
changes in the McCarran bill. At the
outset he said:
“It is a sad commentary that resi
dents of the Capital City of the
Nation should have no voice in their
local government. What a paradox
it is that men and women who are
supposed to be intelligent enough
and loyal enough enough to help run
the Federal Government should
have nothing to say about their own
local affairs ”
Describing the McCarran bill as
cBeTDTcTTOTlASfrKirXTi
House Group Charges Bungling
Under Good Neighbor Program
Back From 14,500-Mile Tour, Members
See Mutual Benefits in Policy of Aid
B? *he Associated Pre<s,
A congressional committee
just back from a flying inspec
tion tour of United States mili
tary bases in Central and South
American reported today that
the "good neighbor" policy had
produced mutual benefits
throughout the Western Hemi
sphere. but declared that "bun
gling tactics by amateur good
will emissaries" had in some in
stances injured American
standing.
Tire report laid great emphasis
on a suggestion for immediate plan
ning for postwar commercial rela
tionships with the countries to the
south.
Tire group, a House Military Af
fairs Subcommittee headed by Rep
resentative Merritt. Democrat, of
New York, found that hemisphere
defense plans had been "effectively
and zealously carried out,’ and
that "an encouraging degree of co
operation has been received from
our neighbor republics in this work."
But, said the committee, "we must
stress the fact that the unsettled
questions about the future utiliza
tion of American-built bases are
<See GOOD NEIGHBOR. Page A-3.i
Price Control Wanted
By Farmers, Opponent
Of Subsidies Says
Co-operative Leader
Tells Committee to
Adopt 'Flexible' Policy
By the Ae»oci*t<d Pr»M.
Ezra T. Benson, executive sec
retary of the National Council of
Farmer Co - operatives, dis
claimed today that farm organi
zations. in opposing Govern
ment food subsidies, want to
sweep away price controls.
"At no time have farmers asked
for increased prices, except on dairy
products, on which OPA is on record
that a maladjustment exists." Mr,
Benson told the Senate Banking
Committee in testimony on the bill
to repeal subsidies Januarv 1.
“At no time have farmers asked
for a discontinuance of price con
trol. Farmers do not want infla
tion. All they want is a flexible
control which will not be so rigid as
to be eternally breaking up under
one new pressure after another.”
Senator Downey. Democrat, of
California challenged Mr. Benson's
statement that farmers haven't
asked for price increases, remark
ing. "They certainly have In my
State."
Mr, Benson said he meant, that
they were asking "adjustments to
cover increased costs of producing
some commodities, hut that they are
not asking for any general price in
, creases '
Cites 1042 Price Law.
He contended tire OPA already
had authority to adjust ceiling
prices to meet farm demand', under
the 1942 Price Control Act. but has
refused to exercise the authority.
Claiming to speak for 2.300.000
farmers with co-operatives. Mr. Ben
son asserted that "if the principle
of food subsidies is continued, with
in a decade the secure basis of farm
ownership will have disappeared:
farm co-operatives will have given
way to State paternalism, and with
it our American concept of freedom
and initiative in enterprise will have
vanished."
Meanwhile, farm bloc spokesmen,
countering administration efforts to
save part of the consumer subsidy
program, reviaeri a proposal to set
up a Government food stamp plan
to aid low-income families who
would be hardest hit by rising prices
if subsidies are outlawed by Con
gress.
Ar.tisubsidy witnesses indorsed the
food stamp idea before the Bank
ing Committee as a device by
< See SUBSIDIESrPage A-37>
Ruhland Estimates
Flu Cases at 8,000,
But Dispels Alarm
No Reports of Pneumonia
Or Deaths Received
By Health Officer
Estimating that 8,000 cases of
influenza have occurred during
the outbreak of the disease,
which reached its full force over
the week end. Dr. George C.
Ruhland. District health officer,
today announced that so far as
known there have been no pneu
monia complications or fatalities.
"Thp sharp increase in the inci
dence of influenza-like infections in
the District should not give the im
pression that the city is gripped by
the true debilitating influenza sim
ilar to that of 1918." Dr. Ruhland
said.
Dr Ruhland added that in a re
port from the Bureau of Preventable
Diseases, of which Dr. James G
Cumming is director, it was indi
cated that "there appears to be no
evidence of the fatal pneumonia
complications which accompanied
the 1918 pandemic."
"Therefore." continued the Ruh
land statement, "the present situa
tion does not appear alarming In
fact, over the last two weeks there
has been only a slight increase in
pneumonia deaths.
More Than Head Colds.
"Tne bureau survey of the situa
tion would indicate that the respira
tors' infections now prevalent are
more than the ordinary catarrhal
head colds' because the majority of
the patients reporting in the sick
list on the large employe group did
not have catarrhal symptoms of the
common cold but rather prostration
fever, aching back and legs, head
aches and loss of appetite—char
acteristic of influenza.
' The present outbreak appears tc
have begun about two weeks ago and
reached its full force over the week
end. So far as is known to date
there have been no pneumonia
complications, no fatalities and the
patients have usually recovered
completely within several days."
The Health Department) state
ment which was released by Dr M
I See INFLUENZA. Page A-3.)
Col. Roosevelt Returns
From Gilberts Invasion
By the Associated Press.
SAN DIEGO.* Calif.. Dec 7— Lt
,Col. James Roosevelt has returned
from the Gilbert Islands invasion
Tlie President's son served as a
Marine Corps observer with forcej
which invaded Makin Island.
Funds for U. S. Participation
In UNRRA Urged by Hull
By the Associated Press.
Secretary of State Hull urged
Congress today to authorize
funds “for full and effective par
ticipation by this country" in
the work of the United Nations
Relief and Rehabilitation Ad
ministration.
“This organization must begin its
work close upon the'heels of the
armies of the United Nations," he
said, "not only to assure that the
liberated peoples will live and be
strengthened for the tasks of peace,
but to assure that the end of the
fighting brings peace arid not disor
ganization and further conflict."
Mr. Hull's statement was con
tained in a letter read to the House
Foreign Affairs Committee by Dean
Acheson. Assistant Secretary of
State, at the opening of hearings on
a measure setting up legislative ma
chinery for this Nation’s participa
tion in UNRRA.
"The broad plans growing out of
the Moscow' conference, which Con
gress has 60 warmly indorsed." Mr.
Hull wrote, “will need the work of
this great, organization to ensure, in
the words of the four-nation dec
laration, ‘a’ rapid transition from
war to peace.’ ”
He said that the first meeting of
the UNRRA Council at Atlantic City
.had adopted "sound and useful reso
lutions on the policies which it
should follow. It now remains for
'this organization to begin its im
portant operations.”
OPA Inspectors
Deny Meat Is
Spoiling Here
Tell of Discovering
15,000 Lbs. Suited
To Sausage Making
Two Office of Price Adminis
tration investigators, after visit
ing larger meat-packing plants
in Washington this morning, de
nied before the Senate Banking
Committee that surplus meat is
spoiling here.
They were sent out at the request
of Senator Bankhead, Democrat, of
Alabama after Joseph G. Montague,
counsel for the Texas and South
west cattle raisers, testified yester
day that more than 50.000 pounds of
beef and some mutton and lamb
were spoiling here.
Mr. Montague was presenting
arguments against continuance of
the Government's meat subsidy
program.
G. F. Lasswell of the OPA meat
rationing division told the commit
tee today that at one meat-packing
establishment he found 28 or 30
carcasses <about 15.000 pounds) that
‘was not in first-class condition.”
tar from Spoiling."
"Hqwever. it was far from spoil
ing." Mr. Lasswell continued. "I
also found the manager did not
know that under the regulations he
could bone it and sell it to a sausage
maker."
Mr. Lasswell told of visiting six or
seven other supply places without
finding any meat spoiling.
Questioned by Senaor Bankhead
why the first place had 28 or 30 car
casses it had not been able to move.
Mr. Lasswell said it was just a case
of ordering too much. The witness
explained that 50 per cent of the
"grade B. or better" meat, must be
set aside for the Government. The
beef hp found in need of moving,
he said, was known as utility, or
Grade C. Mr. Lasswell said this
beef was still in salable condition
for sausage, and that arrangements
were made to sell It to a sausage
maker.
"Can meat that is not perfectly
good be made into sausage in
Washington?" asked Senator May
bank. Democrat, of South Carolina.
Cut Off Outer Surface.
Mr. . Lasswell explained that it
was only necessary to cut off the
outer surface of such meat to make
it good, adding that is a regular
practice.
Arthur B. Williamson, another
OPA representative who accom
panied Mr. Lasswell. explained he
had been in the meat business in
this area for 20 years, and backed
i up Mr. Lasswell s statement that it
is not unusual to trim down the
older meat on hand and make it
good for use.
When committee members turn
| ed to the question of whether ho
! tels get the better grade steaks,
Mr. Williamson said he would rath
er have a steak from the utility
beef under discussion in this morn
ing s inspection than from fresh
utility cattle.
Seasonal Diffirultv.
Mr. Williamson also told the com
mittee it is an annual occurrence
in the meat, business for butchers
to have difficulty selling the larger
cuts of beef a few weeks before
Christmas, because "the housewives
are out shopping and they want
steaks or chops."
Washington meat wholesalers
charged last month that thousands
of pounds of meat wore spoiling
here each week because of a short
age of low-temperature refrigera
tion and excess supplies.
One wholesaler said the Govern
ment had authorized an increase
in slaughtering without providing
i for consumption of "the tremen
dous surplus" by the public.
Another blamed the situation on
tlie inability of hotels and restau
rants to absorb the incoming sup
plies because of rationing
Plenty Amid scarcity,"
Edward D. Shaw, secretary of the
Merchants and Manufacturers' As
sociation, described the situation as
“plenty in the midst of scarcity"
after the problem had been discussed
at a meeting of the association's
meat branch.
Officials of the OPA and Food
Distribution Administration said
there was no need for meat spoiling
here. If wholesalers had overbought,
they added, they could dispose of
their excesses either by cutting the
price 25 per cent, and thus effecting
a 25 per cent reduction in ration
point value, or by disposing of their
excesses to sausage makers
Mr. Montague jvasterday charged
i See MEATTPage A-20T)
Deposed Nazi Officers
Reported Seeking Peace
| By the Associated Press.
! LONDON, Dec, 7.—A Reuters dis
patch from Zurich quoted "reliable
circles' in Bern today as saying a
group oi deposed German Armv
officers of high rank had recently
made peace overtures to the Allies.
The officers, it was said, were act
ing in close collaboration with a
number of leading German indus
I trialists.
The dispatch recalled other recent
reports from various sources, includ
j mg London, that certain elements
within Germany — convinced that
defeat is inevitable—had made ten
tative approaches to the Allies with
I the hope of obtaining less drastic
: peace terms than might be expected
j later. Such reports never haev been
confirmed, however.
Shop Early
Christmas will soon be
here. Do your shopping the
early days of the season and
the first hours of the day
and the early days of the
week, thus saving yourself
inconvenience and probable
disappointment.
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