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Cloudy, warmer, occasional light rain tonight. Tomorrow clear and colder. Temperatures today—Highest, 61, at 1:30 p.m.; lowest, 45, at 2 a.m. Yes terday—Highest, 55, at 4 p.m.; lowest, 35, at 5:10 a.m., » Late New York Markets, Page A-21. Guide for Readers Page. After Dark_A-17 Amusements . B-16 Comics _B-22-23 Editorials _A-10 Finance_A-20-21 Lost and Found A-3 Page. Obituary .A-12 Radio .B-23 Society ..B-3 Sports.A-18-19 Where to Go .-A-22 Woman s PageB-12 An Associated Press Newspaper SJlSt x.hiAK. JSo. 36,380. _WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 9, 1943—FOHTY-SIX PAGES. *** Washington rpT3 T? I?XT' r'lTXrrrC FIV* crWT9 and Suburbs lXlltJliJli UJliJM ± O. Bsewhers Ridge of Mount Croce Captured By British Forces in 5th Army; Turkish-German Tension Rising 8th Army Betters Its Positions in Eastern Italy By th* Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. Al giers, Dec. 9.—British troops of the Allied 5th Army have stormed and taken the ridge of Mount Croce, 2l/2 miles south west of the summit of Mount Camino, and are pressing on to ward the Garigliano River, a mile beyond, Allied headquar ters announced today. Lt Gen. Mark W. Clark's forces, pushing down the western slopes of Mount Maggiore and Mount Cam inn. where they have breached the mountain walls to the valley lead ing to Rome, wiped out all by passed enemy pockets except on the northwestern tip of the Maggiore incline and the small village of Rocca Devandro nestled against Camino. it was stated. Farther to the northeast. Amer ican troops attacked and captured high ground west of Venafro, de spite fierce resistance supported bv heavy German artillery fire, and still farther north wiped out lines of Nazi pillboxes west of Filignano. in the westward push across the mountain backbone flanking Cas sino. 8th Army Improves Positions. Gen Sir Bernard L. Montgom ery’s 8th Army fought through heavy rain to improve its positions j in the Orsogna area. 10 miles in-l land from the Adriatic, where both sides used tanks in clashes throughout the day yesterday. Prisoners were captured from a new German Alpine unit operating in the mountain areas. 'An Algiers radio broadcast said Gen. Montgomery's men had forced a new crossing of the Moro River in this area and had ad vanced to within 8 miles of Pes cara, the Adriatic terminal of the trans-peninsula highway to Rome. A Morocco radio broadcast said the 8th Army had reached the j suburbs of Ortona, about 8 miles , below Pescara.) Improved weather and subsiding floods, however, favored the fighting on the 5th Army front, where it was disclosed the village of Calabritto. on the southern slopes of Mount Ca minn, had changed hands several times in recent days before finally falling into firm Allied possession. In the Venafro area the Germans launched several sharp counterat tacks. but the Americans prevented them from having conclusive results. Greek Airfields Raided. American heavy bombers took the oft-traveled route to Greece again yesterday, attacking enemy airfields at Elevsis and Tatoi. west and north of Athens, respectively. Both Flying Fortresses and Liberators engaged in the operations. A smaller Allied bombing force also ranged far northward to attack harbor installations and shipping at San Stefa no. 80 miles northwest of Rome. The air command said that in both this and the raids on the Greek airfields the targets were well covered. Medium bombers, in triple forays, hit the railway center at Orta, in land above Rome: Civitavecchia, a port 45 miles norwest of the Italian capital, and the railway town of Spoleto. 60 miles northwest of Rome. Light aircraft shot up enemy ground positions and communications in the battle areas. Four enemy aircraft were de utroved during the day's operations and seven Allied planes were missing. Rommel Strengthens Oiiensive in Bosnia Tito Forces Claim Drive Is Costing Nazis Heavily By t tie Associated Pres*. LONDON. Dec. 9.—Yugoslav Par tisans fought, stubbornly to check Marshal Erwin Rommel's new offen sive in Bosnia today as the Germans threw fresh troops into their drive to crush the Partisan armies, ac cording to a radio bulletin from Gen. Josip Broz's iTito's) headquarters. The communique claimed that the campaign was casting the Germans heavily in men and reported that the Yugoslavs had launched an offensive of their own in the Idia sector in Slovenia, 23 miles from Ljubljana and the site of Europe's second largest mercury mines. Yugoslav guerrillas smashed Ger man railroad lines in this area, the bulletin said, adding that traffic was at a standstill between Ljubljana and Trieste and throughout the ad jacent coastal sectors. British-American Deaths Total 5,t41 in Italy hy the Associated Press. The British-American Allies have lost 5.141 men killed and wounded in the fighting in Italy, latest cas ualty figures showed today. British casualties in Italy from the invasion on September 3 to Novem ber 23 were 3,212 killed, 9.709 wound ed and 3,153 missing, the British War Office announced in London. Secretary of War Stimson dis clased at his press conference today that American casualties in the 5th Army have reached 12.518. including 1.929 killed, 7.809 wounded and 2,780' missing. I ft ’ J State of Emergency Is Reported On Border; All Traffic Halted Writer Says Possibility of Blow by Nazis Is Not Overlooked in View of Troop Moves By the Associated Pres*. STOCKHOLM, Dec. 9.—Turkey | and Germany have stationed l troops along opposite sides of the I Turkish border facing Bulgaria and Greece, a state of emergency jhas been declared along the en tire boundary and all traffic has been halted, reports tom Bern, Switzerland, and the ^Bulgarian capital said today. Dispatches said the border meas ures had been ordered as nervous ness over a passible Allied invasion mounted throughout the Balkans, j The newspaper Svenska Dag bladet's Bern correspondent said the possibility was not being overlooked of a German invasion of European Turkey in order to reach the vital Dardanelles, especially in view of j reports that, the Allies have prom ised increased assistance to Russia by way of the Dardanelles. He quoted reports from Ankara and a Sofia dispatch from the Southeastern Europe Information Bureau that the state of emergency had been declared along the border. The Svenska Dagbladet corre spondent said a strong detachment of Turkish troops had taken up positions along the entire border and that two German divisions had been moved up to the Bulgarian border against any attempted Allied inva sion through Turkey. Other Bern reports said there was tense expectancy throughout South eastern Europe that Turkey would take a more active part in the war. Large supplies of weapons and 'See-TURKEY, Page_A^2.~ Ties With U. S., Russia Closer as Result of Talks, Turkey Says Alliance With England Declared 'Considerably' Strengthened at Cairo Bv WILLIAM B. KING, Associated Press Foreign Correspondent. ANKARA. Turkey. Dec. 8 i De layed'.—Foreign Minister Nu man Menemencioglu said today that President Ismet Inonu's conferences in Cairo with Presi dent Roosevelt and Prime Minis ter Churchill had led Turkey closer to the Allied camp. But he carefully avoided giving grounds for inference that this meant Turkey was nearer to par ticipation in the war. While he told Allied and Turkish newspapermen that Turkey's foreign policy remained unchanged after the conference, Menemencioglu said: “Our conference was so intimate and friendly that we can say ourj relations today with America and Russia are almost the same as with England," with which Turkey has an alliance. Alliance Strengthened. “Our alliance with England emerged from the conference con siderably strengthened.'■ the Foreign Minister continued, laying great stress on the word “considerably.” He said that five minutes after they met. President Roosevelt and President Inonu were like friends of 40 years’ standing. "We have come back from Cairo verv content and satisfied. The conference was one of the most im portant events of this phase of the war." The Foreign Minister made the first authoritative statement since President Inonu's return from Cairo. It had been eagerly awaited in the hope it would shed some new light on just where Turkey stands in the war. Enthusiastically Received. President Inonu arrived in Ankara today to find an enthusiastic wel come waiting him. From his spe cial train he stepped down on a red carpet. A waiting crowd cheered and waved wildly. I have seen the President several times at public functions, but never have I seen such a broad smile on his face. Inside the station President Inonu shook hands one by one with a long line of diplomats, deputies and offi cers high in the Turkish military hierarchy. Then he was swept away in a long black automobile. The President was expected to de vote a full day to conferences with his cabinet ministers and party leaders—and perhaps the military as well—in order to give them a first hand account of what occurred and what decisions were reached at Cairo. It was expected that any official announcement would be de layed until after these talks. Military Discussions Not Mentioned. President Inonu's trip still is gen erally interpreted here as one of the final developments heading Turkey into full-scale war as a partner of the United Nations against Ger many. • In London, however, British commentators made it clear that Turkey's change from a benevo lent nonbelligerence to outright • See CONFERENCE’ Page-\-2.f Red Forces Threaten To Encircle Nazis in Lower Dnieper Area Soviet Lines Reported Still Intact Despite Losses in Kiev Bulge By HENRY CASSIDY, Associated Press War Correspondent. MOSCOW, Dec. 9.—Smashing Red Army gains, which out flanked the strategic Dnieper bend rail center of Znamenka and severed the important Znamenka-Nikolaev railroad, threatened the encirclement to day of tens of thousands of Ger mans concentrated on the west bank of the Lower Dnieper River. Russian tank forces spearheading infantry columns outflanked Zna menka by rapturing the town of Sharovka. 15 miles to the south, after a swift 15-mile advance from Pantaevka. a Soviet communique announced. Soviet troops also cut a branch of the Znamenka-Nikolaev road running eastward to the iron and manganese center of Krivoi Rog. which the Germans have been te naciously holding for weeks against repeated Russian thrusts. One Nazi Escape Route. Today the Germans hold but one rail escape route from Znamenka. a line running west to Kirovograd, and this was threatened by yesterday's capture of Elizavetgradka. 13 miles northeast of Znamenka and 5 nwles north of the Kirovograd spur. Ag.ain.st these Red Army successes, gained in the bitter cold of the Rus sian winter, troops of Gen. Nikolai Vatutin s 1st Ukranian Army in the Kiev bulge north of Chernyakhov were falling back before a mighty German drive which front-line dis patches said was powered by more than 2,000 heavy tanks. It was the second Russian retreat in this sec tor in two days. The Germans were paying for their gains, however. The Red Army war bulletin said at least 2,000 Germans were killed and 84 tanks destroyed in yesterday's fighting in this area. Lines Remain Intact. Gen. Vatutin had moved in mobile artillery over miles of muddy roads to meet the onslaught and front advices said his lines remained in tact. although a "number of popu lated places” had been evacuated in favor of strong positions on a new defense line. Gen. Vatutin apparently was biding his time, waiting for the Ger rnans to use up their reserves, which the Nazis were said to be rushing into battle as soon as they arrived. A Berlin broadcast said the Ger mans in 48 hours had advanced 25 miles northeast of Zhitomir in the Kiev bulge. Advances also were claimed south of Korosten. The German communique said "stubbon resistance” was encountered. The German communique empha sized the fighting in the Dnieper bend, where the Russians were de clared attacking under cover of a dense fog. A Transocean dispatch said "the battle is swaying to and fro” in rivers of mire caused by late torrential autumn rains in the gen eral area bounded by Cherkas.v, Shela. Znamenka and Kremenchug. The Germans admitted "small penetrations" in their White Russian lines between the Pripet. and Bere zina Rivers, and said the Soviets were massing for a new assault on Rogachev. Fortress Bomb Load Increased By Ton, More Guns Installed By t he Associated Press. LONDON, Dec. 9.~The deadly punch of America's already formi dable Plying Fortresses has been in creased by 2.000 pounds of high ex plosives, while both the Fortresses and the Liberators now bristle with additional defensive guns. In announcing the improvements today, the 8th United States Air Force said its heavier bombers are now far deadlier weapons with ad dition of the external bomb racks which increase the Fortresses’ bomb load to 4 tons, together with chin turrets on the Fortresses and two new power turrets on the Liberators. Tlie new bomb racks can be bolt ed across the wings between the engines in half an hour. They mean some sacrifice in range 1 and speed, but these possibilities immediately suggest themselves: 1. Short-range, pre-invasion as j saults with great loads of explosives, carried out under the protection of fighter escort for approximately 350 miles inland. 2. Mass night saturation raiding with the RAF. Speed and defensive armament are less important factors in either type of operation, particularly in the heavy night assaults by the RAF similar to those which have been carried out recently against Berlin and Leipzig. In recent weeks the German radio has referred to night raids by •'British-American bombers,” indi cating that American Fortresses (See FORTRESS, Page A-20.) Carrier Attack I Destroys 6 Jap Ships, 72 Planes U. S. Losses Light In Pre-Invasion Blow at Marshalls CHINESE FORCES RECAPTURE Changteh, key city in rice bowl area. Page A-2 By ihe Associated Press. PEARL HARBOR. Dec. 9.— | Japan's hard-hit navy and air force, trying to bolster the Mar shall Islands against possible in vasion by Allied forces on the adjacent Gilbert Islands, have lost six more ships and 72 more planes. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz an nounced that carrier task forces raked the enemy-held island group last Saturday in a moonlight at tack. sank two light cruisers, one oil tanker and three cargo transports,1 downed 72 Japanese planes which rose to intercept the attackers and then beat off a desperate seven and-one-half-hour assault by heavy torpedo bombers as the task foices left the scene. One American ship was slightly damaged. Admiral Nimitz said, and "light" aircraft lasses were sustained. The pounding the Marshalls re ceived left little doubt that Amer ican forces may be starting their drive to sweep the enemy off the sprawling. strategic mid-Pacific Marshalls just as they blasted their way into possession of the Gilberts. 300 miles to the south, less than three weeks ago. In addition to the six Japanese ships sunk, Admiial Nimitz said, a troop transport and two cargo ships were damaged. Presence of the troop ship indicated the enemy may be attempting to reinforce the Jap anese garrisons on the islands. Ad miral Nimitz did not say, however, whether the troop ship was loaded or empty. Wotje. principal Japanese base in the Marshalls, and Kwajalein Atoll were the main targets of the raiders. Of the 72 planes shot dowm. 64 were destroyed in combat wdth American carrier aircraft. The "flat-1 tops." antiaircraft fire was so ac curate six out of a seven-plane group of Japanese torpedo bombers were downed in one attack. After the raid. Japanese airmen made nuisance raids on American forces in the Gilberts, dropping four bombs in a Makin Island la goon and eight bombs near Betio Islet in Tarawa Atoll. Commander of the raiding force on the Marshalls was Rear Ad miral Charles A. Pownal. who also headed the American raid on Mar-1 cus Island, far to the northwest, last August 30. New Britain Defenses Heavily Bombarded SOUTHWEST PACIFIC ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Dec. 9 <>P>.—One of the most sustained air bombard ments of the Southwest Pacific war is levelling Japanese shore defenses on New Britain Island in the very area where it is open to invasion by Gen. Douglas MacArthur's troops on New Guinea. Since the last week of November, more than 1.300 tons of explosives have ripped at gun positions and supply dumps even as Australians enlarged the potential jumping off place on New Guinea in hard fight ing on the Huon Peninsula. The bombardments were opened against Gasmata, an air base and plantation area on the south-central coast which was hit with more than 400 tons in six raids at a cast of only one raider. It also was shelled by destroyers of Vice Admiral Thomas C. Kinkaid. i Then the bombers switched to the Cape Gloucester area on Newj Britain's western tip. That air base 7See PACIFIC7Page A-20J ; Nazis Report Anarchy Is Sweeping France Vichy Can't Check It, Paris Radio Asserts By the Associated Press. LONDON, Dec. 9.—A reign of anarchy is sweeping France and the Vichy government is power less to check it, the German controlled Paris radio said to day in a broadcast recorded by the Associated Press. The Paris broadcast quoted the newspaper Aujourd’ Hui as saying that “people are being killed on every street comer. There is robbery and pillage all over the countryside.’ Marcel Deat, a leading proponent of collaboration with the Germans, said in an article in the same paper, according to the broadcast: "Banditlsm is becoming daily more audacious. It is no longer a question of isolated terrorism committed under the pretext of patriotism. “We are faced with a vast move ment of destruction. Highwaymen and assassins are everywhere. The little man shouts for help, but the government is desperate and help less. “Forces are now being organized, however, which will stop this anarchy, and a brutal reaction in the near future is inevitable.” i m / BOSS,WHILE 'IOU WERE AWAY THE) (^OUEEREST THING HAPPENS?--__ — Representative Mahon To Give Up House Post On District Funds Coffee Is Expected To Succeed Texan as Head of Subcommittee Chairman Mahon of the House Subcommittee on District Appro priations announced today he has decided to Rive up his work on local appropriations to de vote more time to other commit tee assignments, chiefly in con nection with his membership on the subcommittee handling the War Department appropriation. The Texas Representative has notified Chairman Cannon of the House Appropriations Committee, and said he thought his successor would be Representative Coffee of Washington. Later. Mr. Coffee said he will accept the subcommittee chair manship if it is offered to him. Mr. Coffee is chairman of the liberal bloc of the House and is serving his fourth term. Instead of regarding his chair manship of the local Appropriations Subcommittee, which passes on ail District of Columbia appropriations, as a chore. Mr. Mahon told The Star he had enjoyed the job. received excellent co-operation from District officials and citizens and that he was resigning with real regret. ‘ We have a well-run local gov ernment.” he said. "Some of the criticism of the local government is highly inaccurate. I think it has been a real privilege, and a privilege for any member of Congress, to work with and for the people of the District. After all. this is our Capi tal. When we are working for it we are working for the people of the United States. Praises Co-operation. ‘‘I have had fine co-operation from everybody during my service. I think the relationship between the people of Washington and members of Congress is getting better and will continue to improve.” Mr. Mahon was asked whether he regarded District Committee work as 'a headache"—as some of his colleagues have described it in the past. "It Is no headache. I found It pleasant and interesting work. This is my Capital. Some of the mem bers find it politically inexpedient to get too closely identified with local affairs in Washington. But there is an opportunity for constructive service here and it has been a fine experience for me.” Were it not for the war, Mr. Ma 1 See MAHON, Page A-4.i Frank Sinatra Put in 4-Ff Has Punctured Eardrum By !he Associated Press. NEWARK. N. J.. Dec. 9 — Crooner Frank Sinatra today was classified 4-F in the draft after a final preinduction physical examina tion at the selective service center here. Expressing disappointment, the crooner himself announced the out come, saying, ‘T've got a hole in my left eardrum.” Army doctors also told him he had a "couple of things" he should rem edy. One need was to get more rest, he said. He opens an engagement in Pitts burgh tomorrow, but hopes to be home for the birth of his second child, expected before Christmas. Yesterday he concluded a record breaking series of appearances in Boston. Eight Die in Explosion At Naval Stores Plant By the Associated Press. GULFPORT, Miss., Dec. 9.—Eight persons w;ere killed, another crit ically burned and three injured today in an explosion and fire at the Phoenix Naval Stores, Inc., plant, 5 miles north of here. Company officials estimated prop erty damage at approximatelv $250, 000. Firemen and others at the scene removed the charred bodies from the mass of smoldering debris. Seven of the dead were colored. Another colored man was removed to a Gulfport hospital, not expected to live. The explosion centered in the ex tracting unit and two large tanks were blown through the side of the building, one carried about 150 feet by the blast. / k Late Bulletins Landing Craft Fund Voted The Senate today passed and sent to the House a bill authorizing the Navy to spend 55.300.000. 000 for 2,500,000 tons of auxiliary vessels and 1.000. 000 tons of landing craft. (Karlier Story on Page B-18.) Landlord Is Held Andrew J. Watts, rooming house proprietor of 224 G street N.W., was held for the grand jury today as “crim inally negligent" in the death of Mrs. Margaret C. Wissman, 42. who was found uncon scious Monday in her room at the G street address. She died later at Freedmen's Hos pital of gas asphyxiation. It was testified at the inquest that Watts had installed gas pipes without a permit and had used an old piece of wa terpipe to make a connection. Representative Lewis Dies Representative Lawrence Lewis. Democrat, of Colorado died at 1:15 p.m. today in W'alter Reed Hospital. Mr. Lewis, who was 64, was ad mitted to the hospital on No vember 16. He had been a member of Congress since 1932. McCarran Confident Congress Wanted D.C. To Enjoy Suffrage Says Men Who Carved District Expected Its Residents to Have Vote By DON S. WARREN. Belief that it was not intended that District residents be de prived of suffrage rights when Congress created the District out of portions of Maryland and Vir ginia was voiced today by Chairman McCarran of the Sen ate District Committee as hear ings were resumed on the “home rule” plan for Washington. While saying he had not made a full study of the Questions involved, the Nevada Senator declared he thought it “highly probable" that the courts would hold that those persons living in the "Maryland side" of the District area have the right to suffrage in the State of Maryland and the right to vote for Senators and Representatives from Maryland and the right to vote for :the presidential electors for Mary land. His declaration came at the open ing of the session during a discus sion of an editorial in yesterday’s Evening Star, which suggested that Senator McCarran “unfortunately confuses statehood with national representation for the people of the District." Clarifies His Views. He outlined his views that crea tion of the District of Columbia did .not cause its eligible voters to lose their suffrage rights, while saying the editorial comment makes it clear he hadn't made himself under stood. Chairman McCarran added that it was the intent of the framers of ■ the Constitution that Congress i should have the supreme legislative | (See HOME RULE, Page A-4.) Tax Measure Pared By $190,0,C13; Renegotiation Studied Senate Finance Group Prepares to Act on Contract Clauses BULLETIN. The Senate Finance Com mittee today knocked out a 5 per cent tax on race track bet ting from the new revenue bill, but retained the House- I approved increase in levies on admittances to amusement places, raising the present 1-cent rate to 2 cents for each 10 cents of charge or fraction thereof. Bv the Associated Press. The Senate Finance Commit tee. having whacked $190,000,000 off the House-approved tax bill, today took up amendments de signed to ease the impact of con tract renegotiations on suppliers I of war materiel. | Chairman George, who has ad 1 vocated repeal of the entire price adjustment legislation, asked Treas ury officials and experts on the staff of the Joint Committee on Taxation to analyze the renegotiation amend ments inserted in the bill by the House. Under those amendments, con tracts of less than $500,000 would not be subject to renegotiation i present level. $100.0001: a central war con tracts price adjustment board would be created and contractors dis satisfied with adjustment of terms would have the right of court appeal In cutting $190,000,000 estimated annual revenue off the House bill yesterday, leaving a total of approx imately $1,950,000,000 in added taxes, the Senate committee modified a number of excise boosts voted by the House. Randolph Paul. Treasury counsel, who backed up Secretary' Morgen thau's recommendation for $10,500. 000.000 in new revenue, sat unhap pily by while the committee modi fied the excise rates and showed no evident disposition to add anv large sum to the bill. Individual Rates Next. The committee still has to act on individual and corporate income rates, which were increased by only $770,800,000 in the House bill, where as Mr. Morgenthau had hoped for a boost of $6,600,000,000. Commenting on the committees decision to nold below the House rates on some excise levies, one member. Senator Radcliffe, Demo crat. of Maryland, said the law of diminishing returns had to be con sidered. If a tax brings in so many dollars at a certain rate, he said, there is no certainty that the yield will be three times greater if the rate is tripled. “Indeed, the opposite has been 'See TAXES, Page A-3.~ 450 French Refugees Entrain at Barcelona By the Associated Press. BARCELONA. Dec. 9—A special train bearing 450 French refugees. 1 including a large number of military age. left Barcelona today for Malaga, where the refugees will crass to North Africa. Many of the men. w^ho eluded Ger man authorities and slipped across the French border wnthout papers, planned to join the French military 1 forces. Adamic Book Which Foresees U. S. Revolt to Go to Troops By HELEN LOMBARD. A special pocket edition of “The Native's Return,” by Louis Adamic, Yugoslav - American Communist sympathizer, in which the author suggests an American leftist revolu tion is inevitable, is being prepared for shipment to American service men overseas with the blessing of the War Department, it was learned today. Titles of books selected for the armed forces abroad usually are re garded as military secrets, but news that Mr. Adamic’s work was among the approved volumes came recently from a left-wing paper, Prosveta, published in Chicago and circulated among the Slovenian population. The foreign-language paper said 225,000 copies of the book were being printed. v A War Department spokesman ad mitted the book was being prepared for distribution to servicemen, but said only 50,000 had been ordered— 40,000 for the Army and 10,000 for the Navy. The books are to be shipped to men in overseas posts at a cost of 4'_> cents a volume to the American Government. Disclosure of the selection of this book by the Council of Books in Wartime with apparent approval of both the War and Navy Departments was expected to set of! an explosion in Congress, especially among those members acquainted with the works of Mr. Adamic. Congress members were expected to be especially interested in that passage of the book, on page 365, where Mr. Adamic, after proclaiming (See ADAMIC?. Page A-20> b 25 Pd. Absent From Schools Because of Flu Nearly 3,000 Out At 30 Institutions; 150 Teachers Sick About 25 per cent of all ele mentary school pupils are absent from school today because of Influenza, according tp an esti mate by Supt. of Schools Robert L. Haycock. The estimate, made as a result of the epidemic of mild influenza, was ba-ed on a survey today of 30 white elementry schools out of about 100 such schools throughout the city. Figures showed that out of a total enrollment of 11,413 in the 30 schools, there were 2.993 absent, or more than 25 per cent. This in cluded absences for all reasons, in cluding bad colds and influenza. 150 Teachers Absent. Surveying the teacher situation, which has become acute because of shortage of substitutes, Mr. Hay cock found that out of about 900 teachers in all the white elementary schools the absentees rose from 147 yesterday to 150 today. Asked for comparative figures with the same time last year, Mr. Hay cock said such figures were not available, bur he estimated that, the absenteeism today was ‘‘more than usual.” The figures were turned over to Dr. Joseph A. Murphy, chief of school services for the Health De partment, who is watching closely the trend of the influenza epidemic. The schools would be closed only by orders of the Board of Education based on recommendations from the Health Department, it was explained. No official was willing to make any prediction as to whether it may be nece.ssarv to close the schools, but a close watch is being kept on the situation. Instructions to the school system, intended also to reach into the homes, laid down a careful program of protection to teachers, pupils and family members. Call* for Doctor* Pour In. At the Medical Society, where the Medical Bureau's switchboard still was busy with doctors’ calls 'today, two different moves were under way in connection with the epidemic. Co-operating with the United States Public Health Service, the society's Committee on Public Health, headed by Dr. William D* Kleine, was making a survey of the scope of the epidemic here, through letters to many doctors. The Medical Society also has re sponded to an appeal from Dr. George C. Ruhland, District health officer, asking for complete report* to the Health Department on the epidemic. Letters to all members of the society suggested that no doctor should avoid reporting cases ‘'under the assumption that some one else was reporting it." Meanwhile, the Public Health Service reported that the number of reported cases of influenza almost tripled in four weeks. Strikes Capitol Hill. The current epidemic also haA struck members of Congress and Capitol Hill attaches. Dr. George W. Calver. Capitol physician, reported last night the ailing had been coming to his office at the rate of 20 or 30 a day until Tuesday when the number was more than doubled. Yesterday was about at Tuesday's total. Heavy colds and fever character izing the illness apparently had spread widely throughout business and Governmeint circles here today. Sharp Rise in Virginia. In Virginia, influenza was said to have risen sharply last week, ac cording to the State Health Depart (See FLU. Page A^iTi Militia Action Seen In Ohio Gas Strike State Guard Officials Sent to Painesville By the Associated Press. COLUMBUS. Ohio, Dec. 9 — Lt. Gov. Paul M. Herbert, acting at the request of Northeastern Ohio of ficials, today ordered State guard officials to Painesville, where a strike has cut off gas for heating and cooking to an estimated 60,000 per sons. PAINESVILLE. Ohio. Dec. 9 </P) More than 60.000 residents of 10 Northeastern Ohio communities had little or no gas for cooking and heating today, as negotiations broke down in a strike of 2.000 workers 'which halted all operations of the Diamond Alkali Co. and its sub sidiary. the Standard Chromate Co., at nearby Fairport Harbor. A company spokesman said an Agreement was reached last night as a basis for further negotiations to end the stoppage, which report edly started in a dispute over a foreman. Painesville City Manager Clifford S. Fullerton called air-raid wardens and other civilian defense workers into action to visit homes, warning householders to turn off pilot lights and other automatic gas appliances. Towns affected include Paines ville. 11.000: Ashtabula, 23.000; Con neaut. 10.000; Fairport, 5.000; Wil loughby, 4.500: Geneva. 4.000; Men tor. 1.500; Say brook, 600; Perry. 600, and Jefferson, 200. Two Marine Flyers Killed in Crash I By the Associeted Press. NORFOLK, Va„ Dec. 9.—The 5th | Naval District reported yesterday that two Marine Corps airmen were killed when a Navy land plana crashed at Arapahoe, near Cherrv I Point, N. C. The crash victims were identified I by the Navy as First Lt. Samuel D. 'Pallor. Philadelphia, and Second Lt, i Philip G. Ruhe, Hollywood, HI.