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Occasional light, rain, colder tonight. Tomorrow clearing and colder. Temperatures today—Highest, 53, at 12:10 a.m.; lowest, 41, at 1:30 p.m. Yes terday—Highest, 64, at 3:30 p.m.; low > est, 45, at 3 a.m. _Lote New York Markets, Page A-21.’ Guide for Readers rage. Amusements A-16 Comics _B-22-23 Editorials_A-10 Edit'l Articles..A-ll Finance_A-20-21 Lost and Found A-3 Page. Obituary .A-20 Radio . B-23 Society.B-3 8ports_A-18-19 Where to Go __B-11 Woman's Page ..B-9 An Associated Press Newspaper 91st YEAR. No. 36,381. WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1943.—FORTY-SIX PAGES. *** Washington TTI'PTPT? PTTXT'TQ FIVI CENTS and Suburbs lUxiJJlj lo. Zlsswhere Fifth Army Cracks Nazi Lines On Both Sides of Road to Rome; Reds Seize Key Railroad Center - -- Canadian Forces in 8th Army Advance On 8-Mile Front By the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Al giers, Dec. 10.—The Allied 5th Army has cracked German de fenses on both sides of the Via Casilina at Mignano in a bloody nine-day offensive brought to a smashing climax by American troops who seized Mount Samu cro in “the battle of the clouds,” Allied headquarters announced today. At, the same time, it was disclosed that Canadians, infantry and tanks, spearheading the 8th Army along the Adriatic, were smashing forward on an 8-mile front after forcing a second crossing of the Moro River. Fighting against the strongest man-made defenses and toughest natural obstacles yet encountered in Italy. Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark’s veteran British and American troops have wiped out the German moun tain line on both sides of the main road to Rome and are stabbing into secondary defenses in the direction of Cassino. Still Face Strong Defense. Measured in miles, their advance has not been great since Gen. Clark gave the word for the onslaught, and they still are faced by a formidable network of fortifications covering the hillsides as far as Cassino and beyond. The deepest penetration of the offensive has been only about three miles. But by the yardstick of military achievement their success is one of the greatest of the Mediterranean theater, for they have smashed in n little over a week what the enemy hoped would stand as an impreg nable line for many months, and they have overcome terrain and fortifications substantially more difficult than those in Tunisia which stalled the Allied attack for a whole winter. Bloody Fighting Reported. The American engagement on Monte Samucro consisted of bloody hand-to-hand fighting with the: Germans in mists which hugged the top of the 3.000-foot high mountain. Rocca d'Evando, a village 79 miles below Rome and 4 miles southwest of Mignano, was captured in the j advance. It was the last German-: held village in the Mignano vicinity J In as fierce an action as ever was fought by American troops,1 Gen. Clark's veterans crept up Samucro. and fell on the Germans in the clouds before they were aware of their presence. Wiping out all opposition in grim battle with rifles, pistols, knives and grenades, the Americans installed themselves in the strategic high po sition overlooking the strongly for tified villages of San Vittore and San Pietro Way Opened for New Drive. These villages are only 6 and 7 miles, respectively, southeast of Cassino. and the way was opened for a smash toward that Strategic gateway to Rome, now that the German hold on Mignano Pass has been broken. The Allies now firmly occupied the entire eastern and southern bank of the Garigliano River from Rocca d'Evandro to its mouth, a distance of 14 air-line miles. In their sweep forward the Amer icans also rolled into the village of Massa la Valle, due south of Rocca d'Evandro, and captured important equipment which the Germans had been unable to carry away, includ ing two 88-mm. guns, five 75-mm. guns, machine guns, trucks and many unused mines, all in good con dition. The first phase of Gen. Clark's new offensive, in which supplies were carried to almost inaccessible mountain tops by mules and planes, thus was ended. Heavy Bombardment. The Canadian attack along the Morn sector began at 4 p.m. Wed nesday after a heavy air and artil lery bombardment and was reported making good progress with armored support. The Canadians were now leading ♦ he 8th Army in what appeared to (See ITALY, Page A-5.1 Cuban Vessel Sunk Off Coast; 25 Lost Survivors Rescued After 53 Hours By the Associated Press. NORFOLK. Va„ Dec. 10— An en emy submarine torpedoed and sank the Cuban freighter Libertad off the East Coast last week, drowning seven crewmen and leaving 18 miss ing of the ship's complement of 43, the Navy disclosed today. Survivors arrived here yesterday. A naval vessel picked up the 18 survivors after they had clung to rafts, a capsized lifeboat and a broken hatch cover for 53 hours. The ship went down within one minute after the torpedo struck aft on the port side. The crew had no opportunity to launch boats. One group of nine men clung to a broken hatch cover hurled over board by the explosion. One by one they slipped beneath the water as they became exhausted. The two survivors said that after 36 hours a Navy blimp appeared overhead and dropped a rubber life raft containing food and a first aid kit. Naval officers here said there were some indications the ship had struck a mine, but Fourth Engineer Salva dor Norman told reporters he was “sure we were torpedoed.” He added the attack came without warning and that the submarine did not sur Roosevelt Flies To Malta, Flails Island's Fight President Arrives in Big Transport With 20-Plane Escort By the Associated Press. VALLETTA, Malta, Dec. 10 — Traveling by plane. President Roosevelt visited this British Mediterranean base Wednesday, presented its people an illumi nated scroll on behalf of the American people, and declared the United States would stand stanchly with the British Empire and other Allies after the war to make “it a victory worthwhile." En route from the series of epic conferences in which he and Prime Minister Churchill engaged in the Middle East, the President arrived in a huge C-54 Douglas four-engine troop transport with an escort of 20 Lightning and Spitfire fighters. Visited THree Hours. Mr. Roosevelt spent three hours on Malta, departing for an unan nounced destination. The scroll, which eventually will be cast in bronze and placed in Val letta's main square, saluted Malta and its defenders for "valorous serv ice far above and beyond the call of duty'1 during the dark period while Axis aircraft kept the island under a virtual constant alert. The President's plane touched on the world's mast-bombed airdrome at 9:50 a m. Wednesday, after ap pearing over the island out of a brilliant blue, cloud-flecked sky. Mr. Roosevelt was acompanied by Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, Admiral William D. Leahy, the President’s chief of staff; Harry Hopkins. Lt. Gen. Carl A. Spaatz, commander of the Northwest African Air Forces; Rear Admiral Ross T. McIntyre, the President's personal physician; Maj. John Boettiger and Maj. Gen. Wal ter B Smith, Gen. Eisenhower's chief of staff. The unprecedented visit followed one by Prime Minister Churchill, who had called at Malta en route to the Cairo conferences. Greeted by Lord Gort. (The London Daily Herald yes terday reported ‘strong feeling” in London that President Roose velt might visit there 'before American troops leave these shores” and participate in a final roundup of plans for the in- 1 vasion of Europe from the west.' A guard of honor, including an RAF unit. 50 British marines. 50 Royal Navy men and 100 American and Maltese troops, lined up on the airfield with a royal artillery band to welcome Mr. Roosevelt., first President of the United States ever to visit the Island. First to greet the President was Field Marshal Lord Gort, com mander in chief of Malta. Others presented to the President on the field were Msgr. Michele Gonzi, Bishop of Gozo. representing the archbishop who is ill; Chief Jus-, tice Sir George Borg. Vice Admiral I Louis Henry Keppel Hamilton, flag1 officer in charge; Gen. Reginald Oxley, general officer commanding, and Air Vice Marshal Sir Kenneth Rodney Park, air officer command ing. “My boy has told me about you.” the President said in a chat with Bishop Gonzi, but he failed to say which one of his boys. President Rides in Jeep. With Lord Gort the President stepped into a jeep named “Husky”; which belongs to Air Vice Marshal Park and is one of three presented to Marshal Gort by Gen. Eisenhower when Sicily was invaded. As the jeep came to a stop in (See ROOSEVELT, Page A-5.J Japanese Report Death Of Former Envoy to U. S. By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, Dec. 10.—The Jap anese Doemi news agency broadcast that Kaname Wakasugi, former Japanese Minister to Washington, died today from “inflammation of the gall bladder.” Wakasugi was described as Jap anese consul at Los Angeles in 1923 and consul general at San Francisco in 1930/ After holding several posts in China, he became consul general in New York in 1936 and later, as Domei put it, “played an active role” in the "negotiations” directed by Ambassadors Kichiasaburo Nomura and Saburo Kurusu in 1941 while the Japanese were preparing their Pearl Harbor attack. | __ Stalin Announces Russian Victory At Znamenka I Map on Page A-12.) By the Associated Press. LONDON, Dec. 10.—The Red Army has captured Znamenka, hub of a system of railroads linking the Dnieper River bend with the area south of Kiev, Premier Stalin announced today in a special order of the day. The Soviet column which smashed into the town was one of several driving through crumbling Nazi de fenses in the Dnieper bend Rnd fanning out from the Kremenchug bridgehead. The capture of the heavily forti fied German bastion cut the last of four rail lines centering in Zna menka and brought, the weight of the Russian Dnieper bend offensive directly again.st Kirovograd, the next stronghold in the path of Red Army forces threatening to outflank Krivoi Rog. Three Days of Fighting. Premier Stalin's order of the dav said Znamenka had fallen after three days of fierce fighting, and termed the town a "powerful strong point in the German defenses in the Kirovograd direction." The loss of Znamenka to Soviet forces striking out across the snowv Ukraine left the whole of the Ger man position west of the Lower Dnieper in dire threat. The town, some 60 miles north west of the iron ore city of Krivoi Rog. actually fell yesterday, the Stalin announcement said. With the new victory the Russians now control railroads running northwest to Sm.vela and Fastov, south to Nikolaev and east to Dne propetrovsk. Tank and infantry forces which had closed in from three sides were aided in the final assault by air borne troops. Moscow Hails Victory. The rolling thunder of Moscow's guits saluting the stronghold's cap ture was heard over the Moscow radio here at 4 p.m. (11 a.m. Eastern wartime i. The Russians declared the great German counterattack west of Kiev in the Zhitomir and Korosten bulge has been checked after three days, in w-hich 350 German tanks and 5.000 enemy troops were destroyed. The German communique, however, asserted that the Nazis gained fur ther ground in spite of stiff enemy resistance." The German war bulletin said the battle in the Dnieper bend was being fought in a heavy snowstorm and that the Russians were throwing as many as six divisions and a tank brigade i perhaps 90.000 men! at sin gle narrow sectors. The commu nique from radio Berlin said that "a few dents were sealed off" and that major Russian attacks were warded off. The Germans said they stormed an important height in the Crimea near Kerch and were increasing pressure on the Russian beachhead northeast of the port city. Although insisting that a companion beach head south of Kerch had been "an nihilated" earlier in the week, broad casts today said that Rumanian mercenaries still were "mopping up" and that they captured more pris oners. Fall Bark to New Lines. The successful Soviet stand west of Kiev was disclosed after Gen. Nikolai Vatutin's Ukrainian army had fallen back to new defense lines. Tire persistent German at tacks apparently have failed to tie up any considerable Rus sian forces or divert the Red Army high command from launch ing offensives elsewhere, according to a Moscow dispatch from Henry C. Cassidy, Associated Press war correspondent. Other reports from the Russian front said the Germans were rush ing tank and infantry reserves to the Ukraine from Germany, the Netherlands. Poland and even Italy in a supreme effort to relieve pres sure on the Axis lines in White Russia and the Dnieper bend. Mr. Cassidy’s assertion that Gen. Vatutin was holding his own with out calling for reinforcements indi cated a Russian belief that the en emy drive would collapse. __• Letters Threatening Sforza investigated 3v the Associated Fresa. NAPLES. Dec. 10.—Allied military authorities and Italian police are | investigating a series of letters threatening the life of Count Carlo Sforza. anti-Pascist leader who has urged the abdication of King Victor Emmanuel. The letters, apparently written by supporters of the monarchy, w^arne^ Sforza to cease his efforts to bring ; about the King's abdication and [threatened assassination. Censorship Relaxed by Price; More News to Be Released ihe voluntary censorship code.i under which newspapers and broadcasters have been operat ing^ since this country entered the war, was liberalized today by the Office of Censorship in recognition of the fact that the war “has taken an important turn from the defensive to the offensive.” The new code opens the way for more thorough coverage of news concerning war production, opera tions of the merchant marine and diplomatic negotiations not directly connected with military operations. Restrictions on weather information were relaxed recently. The new provisions were issued after Byron Price, director of cen sorship, last night warned editjjfs and broadcasters that in many in stances news was being suppressed "for no apparent reason." Mr. Price today placed in his own Office of Censorship greater respon sibility for clearing material for publication and broadcast. This fundamental change in cen sorship policy, Mr. Price said. "Means, in effect, that the Office of Censorship will itself unedrtake to I act as an appropriate authority un der the codes” by passing on mate rial in restricted categories whether or not it has been announced offici ally by other Government agencies. The Office of Censorship will not, however, originate news. At a press conference Mr. Price again emphasized that only the Of jflce of Censorship has authority to | (See CENSORSHIP, Page A-2.) BULLETIN. southern DEMOCRATS THREATEN REVOLT ! /WHY, HARRISON l\ 7 I SHOULD THINK ^ | YOU'D BE PLEASEDJ / OVER THAT Q KIND OF/ ,/S NEWS! J ^ /DIDN'T YOIM EVER HEAR OF l CROCODILE \ \T EARS, JOE y ^ - '*n% Carrier Task Forces And Warships Blast Jap Island of Nauru Attack Follows Closely After Marshalls Raid 700 Miles Northeast By the Associated Tress. PEARL HARBOR. Doc. 10.— Aggressive United States aircraft carrier task forces, presently crumbling Japan's outpost island defenses along more than 1,000 miles of Pacific sea lanes, have demonstrated an ability to strike quickly in widely - separated areas by pounding Nauru only four days after blasting the Marshalls. Nauru, phosphate-producing Is land 500 miles west of the newly won Gilberts, not only was bombed by carrier planes but also was shelled by guns of warships on Wednesday, Admiral Chester W. Nimitz reported last night. Last Saturday, more than 700 miles to the northeast of Nauru, a big task force, including several carriers, sent out planes which leveled defenses at Kwajalein and Wotje in the heart of the Marshalls, sank two enemy cruisers, an oil tanker and three cargo ships and downed 12 planes. Fewer Than 10 Planes Lost. i A delayed dispatch from Eu I gene Burns, Associated Press writer aboard a carrier in the Central Pacific, said fewer than 10 American planes were shot down and one carrier suffered only superficial damage ! "A good proportion of the Japa nese plane strength in the Mar shalls" was shot down, according to Lt. Comdr. William S. Guest, opera tions officer of Rear Admiral Charles A. Pownall's staff. He said the raid was a complete surprise to the Japanese although it was deep in enemy territory. Between November 1R and 24. many of these same carriers sent planes out on repeated raids, first to soften up, then to support the ground forces which successfully in vaded the Gilberts on November 20. Now naval authorities have dis closed that the Hellcat fighters on one of the carriers in the Marshalls raid Saturday were the same gal lant group which on November 11 near Rabaul, New Britain, shot down 67 out of 70 Japanese planes in successfully protecting a big flat top. Not a Hellcat was lost that day in a dramatic battle more than 1.400 miles to the southwest of the Marshalls. As was the case immediately after announcement of the Saturday at tack on the Marshalls, there were only brief details on the Nauru as sault supplied in the first com (See NAURU, Page A-12.1 Axis Claims Sinking Of Newest Battleship Wisconsin Launched Only 3 Days Ago j By the Associated Press. LONDON. Dec. 10.—Tokio propa gandists are now sinking American battleships as fast as they are launched and months before they are ready to put to sea. The Berlin radio, quoting a Tokio report, soberly announced today the sinking of the 45,000-ton U. S. S. Wisconsin “in oue o fthe biggest sea battles off Bougainville.” The superbattleship Wisconsin was launched only three days ago at Philadelphia on the second anniver sary of Pearl Harbor. The time necessary to fit a bat tleship for sea after she is launched is a wartime secret, but more than a year was required in peace times to fit smaller warships than the Wisconsin with guns and fighting equipment. Another broadcast, direct from Tokio, said the vessel which the Japanese claimed to have sunk was a sister-ship of the Wisconsin which had been launched and sent into action secretly and that the United States had launched the new Wis consin this week with public cere monies to cover up loss of the previ ous vessel. This broadcast said the Japanese had sunk five United States battle 1 ships in action off Boug^nville. 90,000 Here Stricken With Flu Since Outbreak Began Nov. 29 Dr. Ruhland, District Health Officer, Discloses Extensive Spread of Disease The Health Department esti mated today that 90,000 Wash ington persons have been at tacked by influenza since the outbreak of the epidemic shortly after Thanksgiving. This estimate is 10.000 above the only other estimate, which the department issued a few days ago. Dr George C. Ruhland, District health officer, explained that, while some groups reported the disease on the wane, in others there appeared to be no change in the number afflicted, and so neither the peak nor termination of the outbreak could be forecast at this time. The malady continues in mild form. The new estimate is based on a survey conducted by Dr. James C Cummings, director of the de partment's Bureau of Contagious Diseases and was calculated after a sampling of many groups, including schools, mercantile establishments and Government agencies. The report said the onset of wide spread influenza appeared to have come on November 29. the Monday following Thanksgiving, although some groups were not attacked until a week later. The incidence ranged from as low as 3 per cent in one representative group to a high of 25 per cent in another, with an es timated average of 10 per cent for the entire city, based on a popula tion of 900.000 within the District. Dr. Ruhland said the epidemic still was remarkably mild, in that there were no indications of pneu monia complications. The depart ment does not anticipate, from its survey, any appreciable influenza 1 pneumonia mortality. The report fSee FLU. Page A-12j ‘ Senators Recommend Mustering-Ouf Pay Of $200 to $500 Committee Provides Higher Rate for Those Serving Overseas By ’he Associated Press. Legislation to give all members of the armed services mustering out pay ranging from $200 to $500 was recommended unani mously today by the Senate Military Affairs Committee. The sliding scale of payments would give higher discharge pay to veterans who served overseas than to those who remained in the United States. The plan was in serted bv the committee in a bill by Senator Barkley, Democrat, of Kentucky, which would have pro vided a flat S300 payment to all hon orably discharged servicemen. Republican Senators Austin of Vermont and Bridges of New Hamp shire were authors of the gradu ated pay plan, but their bill was incorporated in its entirety in the Barkley measure. One Veteran Testifies. Earlier, a 21-year-old war vet eran, who lost his left leg in a Commando action in Tunisia told a House committee “there will be an | other march for a bonus” unless i "adequate legislation” is enacted to provide benefits for discharged servicemen. Sergt. Lemuel Hendricks of Coun cil Bluffs. Iowa, last witness to testi fy as the House Military Affairs Committee concluded hearings on a bill for mustering-out pay, said that men in foxholes are beginning to "wonder what they are fighting for and it if was worth it.” “I know' what they need and what they want,” he said. “They are concerned about their future and what Congress is doing for them.” Some of the members of the pres ent Congress, he reminded the com mittee, “sent us over there.” Want Aid Pending Job. |, . The desire of most servicemen he has encountered, S»>rgt. Hendricks | told the committee, is for Congress | to provide “something to carry us i over until we can take care of our selves.” None of them, he added, j wants to be "thrown on the mercy of their friends." The $300 mustering-out pay pro : videri in the House bill, he said, "won't do the boys too much good" because of pressing needs for hous ing, food and clothing after dis charge. "How long is $100 (the initial pay ment proposed in the House meas ure) going to last any man when that's all the money he has?" he asked, pdding that men dishonorably ; discharged are given civilian cloth : ing by the Army, while an honorably discharged man keeps his service S clothes. 45 Fascists Arrested BARCELONA, Dec. 10 (/$>).—Forty five Italian Fascists, including Gino Barbi, the party chief in Rome, have been arrested for “disturbing public order by acts of indiscipline,” ac cording to a December 6 Rome dis patch to the French press, which was received here tod ay ^ Senate-Approved Bill Increasing Rail Pay Is Sent to House 74-to-4 Vote Seen As Repudiation of Stabilization Heads By the Associsted Press. Legislation to raise the pay of 1,100,000 nonoperating railroad workers went to the House today, pushed along by an overwhelm ing Senate vote that amounted to a repudiation of the Presi dent’s stabilization directors. Headed by Majority Leader Bark ley—whose office normally makes him the administration spokesman on the floor—the Senate voted. 74 to 4. in favor of the 8-cent hourly wage hike late yesterday. If the House concurs, the resolution will be sent to the President. The vote came only two days after War Mobilization Director James F. Byrnes attacked the proposal as in flationary, and ignored an earlier challenge from Economic Stabiliza tion Director Fred M. Vinson that if it passes the salary resolution: ’’Congress will have told the coun try that a privileged group is out side the stabilization program and is not to join in the battle against in flation.” Postponement Move Fails. Senator Ellender, Democrat, of Louisiana made a vain attempt to stave off yesterday’s vote with a plea to postpone action until Con gress had decided what to do about food subsidies, the No. 1 White House device to hold down the re tail cost of living. He argued the pay resolution, sponsored by Sena tor Truman, Democrat, of Missouri was an invitation to rising living costs. But Senator Barkley, friend and fellow Kentuckian of Mr. Vinson, : declared. "I am not pursuaded by : arguments that this resolution is inflationary. * * * When this money is divided among 1,100,000 employes it is not going to enable them to go on a long splurge of spending.” Mr. Vinson rejected the 8-cent an-hour increase when it came be (See RAIL PAY,' Page" A-20.> President Approves Father Draft Delay; M'Nutt Role Unclear Whisky Taken From Storage Drops 42 Pet. Hundreds Hoarding For Price Increase, Van Nuys Charges A 42 per cent decline in whisky withdrawals from warehouses from May through September was attributed today by Senator Van Nuys, Democrat, of Indiana to "hoarding” by distillers, wholesalers and retailers In an effort to obtain higher prices. Senator Van Nu.vs. chairman of a Senate Judiciary subcommittee in vestigating the current liquor shortage, told reporters that testi mony by Stewart Berkshire, deputy internal revenue collector, substan tiated his belief there is a definite widening of the liquor “black market.” Says Hundreds Are Buying. “Hundreds and hundreds of in dividuals—many of them persons who never drink a drop—have bought up whisky as an investment," Senator Van Nuys asserted. Asked how they intended to make a profit under price ceilings, he re plied he was satisfied that many of the individuals were selling on the “black market" at verv high prices. He said he suspected also that some have hopes that the legal ceil-! ings will crack and that retail prices will go up. The committee was told bv Mr. Berkshire there is 117 000.000 gal lons of whisky from four to eight years old in bonded warehouses that could be tapped to relieve a thirsty market if the Government would cut tax-exempt storage time to four years. Senator Ferguson. Republican, of Michigan insisted the Government was losing revenue under the pres i ent system of permitting distillers to store spirits up to eight years without levying on them. 22^. Evaporation Loss. Mr. Berkshire testified that the loss through evaporation, leakage and other causes ranges from 22 to 25 per cent on liquor stored in bar rels for four years, but that it in I creases to 35 to 40 per cent on whisky stored up to eight years. When he pointed out that the Government tax is assessed only at the time of withdrawal from the warehouse and only on the actual gallonage withdrawn. Senator Fer guson said it seemed to him that 'he Government would get more taxes if it collected at the end of four years. "The distillers charge more for 8-year-old whiskey than they do for 4-year-old. don't they?” he asked. When Mr. Berkshire replied that was true. Senator Ferguson said he believed the Government "doesn't get the benefit, but the distillers do." when whisky is left! in barrels for eight years. Mr. Berkshire pointed out, however, that ! the distillers suffered a loss in gal lonage. despite the fact that the tax rate was no higher on 8-year old than on 4-vear-old products. Tax Increase Proposed. The tax on 100 proof bonded whisky is $6 a gallon, but the pend ing tax bill would increase it to $9. Replying to a question by Sen ator Wherry, Republican, of Ne braska, Mr. Berkshire said that i while the average withdrawal age now is four years, the amount of whisky being taken out of bonded warehouses for sale to the public is much less than normal. Senator Kilgore. Democrat of West Virginia brought out that the Government had no check on the disposal of whisky withdrawn from bonded warehouses by wholesalers except the wholesalers' records of their purchases and sales to retail (See UQUQrTPage~A-12T) RAF Heavy Bombers Fire Crete's Harbor By the Associited Press. CAIRO, Dec. 10.—RAF heavy bombers struck at enemy installa tions on German-occupied Crete Wednesday night, leaving large fires raging among harbor buildings on that strategic island southeast of Greece, a communique s&id today. In other fighter-bomber sweeps during the week at Nazi supply lines in the Aegean Sea. a motor vessel was attacked and left smoking at Porto Lago on Leros Island, and a number of sailing vessels were left sinking south of Samos Island. The attacks cost the British one plane. • Knudsen, Inspecting at Wright, Sees Strike Spread to 5 Plants By the Associated Pres*. PATERSON, N. J„ Dec. 10.— An unauthorized strike spread through five airplane engine plants of the Wright Aeronaut ical Corp. in this area today as Lt. Gen. William S. Knudsen, di rector of production for the War; Department, was making a rou tine inspection. CIO spokesmen asserted 15.000 employes had walked out, but the company fixed the number at 6,500. Gen. Knudsen promptly arranged a meeting with union officials and company executives in an effort to resume full production of engines for warplanes, including the new B-29 superbombers. Stephen Remsen. international representative of the United Auto mobile, Aiftraft And Agricultural Implement Workers of America, said the protest, w&s largely against a company refusal to negotiate with the union’s local No. 669 on wages, upgrading and other working condi tions. The five plants, he said, operated at a "tiny percentage of capacity" during the shift from midnight to 8 a.m. today, the smallest of the three shifts. Mr. Remsen said “The match that lit the fire and actually started the walkout” was the workers’ dissatis faction with the company's reac tion to a union protest against Al bert Knowles, an assistant foundry supervisor. The walkout starter at 3 p.m. Wednesday. Mr. Remsen said "the workers have Justice on their side,” although the strike was “unauthorized." Manpower Chief Had Urged Veto Of Legislation 8.000 FATHERS HERE face draft by end of June. Page B-l President Roosevelt has ap proved the father draft bill, de signed to delay induction of pre war fathers into the armed services. The action was announced by the White House today. The place at which the Chief Executive acted wai not disclosed. The President had been urged bv Chairman Paul V. McNutt of the War Manpower Commission to veto the legislation. The President's ap proval raised a question as to wheth er Mr. McNutt would resign hi* position. The legislation removes from Mr. McNutt authority over administra tion of the selective service system. Hershey Given Authority. The authority, vested in Maj. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey. the selective service director, came under Mr. McNutt’s directives previously. How extensively the act will delay the induction of pre-Pearl Harbor fathers remains to be seen, official? said. Gen. Hershey is reported to have told a closed meeting of the National Association, of Manufacturers in New York Wednesday that about 1.000.000 pre-Pearl Harbor fathers would have to be inducted by June 30. 1944. in order to meet present schedules. The expressed intent of the pres ent legislation is to prevent the in duction of any of this group of fathers until all available physically fit single men and non-fathers hav# been put into uniform. The law provides, however, that the application of this principle within the discretion of the Selec tive Service chief need not disrupt the orderly calling of men for serv ice. The bill was approved by the Pres ident despite Mr. McNutt's assertion that it would "seriously weaken" th# overall manpower program by divid ing control of military and civilian recruitments. Disagreed on Results. Members of Congress disagreed a* to the practical effects of the legis lation. but Senator Johnson. Demo crat. of Colorado, a member of the conference Drafting Committee, es timated it would postpone the in duction of some fathers for ‘ two or three months." The legislation sets up a ‘ national pool’' plan for selective service, di recting that fathers of children bom before September 15. 1942. be placed at the bottom of the draft list and that none of them be called so long as nonfathers are available for call anywhere in the Nation. An "escape" clause written into the bill at the request of selective service officials, however, provides that this induction plan shall not be allowed to affect "the usual regular and orderly flow of the Nation's manpower into the armed forces." Senator Wheeler. Democrat, of Montana, author of a rejected bill to ban outright the drafting of fathers, contended this clause took the “force" out of the amendment and made it legally possible for selective service to continue to induct fathers. Other Provisions. Through its other main provisions the measure: 1. Withdraws supervisory powers over selective service granted to Mr. McNutt by an executive order of the President on December 5, 1942. and directs that full draft au thority be placed in the hands of the director of selective service. 2. By canceling occupational in ductions. nullifies the "work or fight'* orde of the WMC. which designated 1 See DRAFT. Page A^57> Japs Reported Expecting U. S. Raids on Mainland By the Associated Press. LONDON. Dec. 10,—Japanese air forces are preparing for an expected American all- attack on the Japanese* mainland from bases in China, the Berlin radio said today. A DNB broadcast heard by the Associated Press quoted a spokes man at Japanese headquarters In China as declaring the American flyers were "getting orders to bomb the Japanese mainland and com munications between Japan and the mainland." and the Japanese "are getting ready to encounter the enemy air force." "The situation in China has become more confused and more serious,” the spokesman was quoted as adding, "and therefore is receiv ing greater attention.” Three Killed in Crash At Bolling Field An Army major and two civilian employes, all of Bolling Field, were killed today when a B-25 Mitchell bomber crashed and burned W at tempting a landing atrthe field. The dead were: Maj. Robert W. Springer. 214 Portland street S.E., pilot of the plane. Maj. Springer was the engi neering officer of the Bolling Field subdepot. Marcellus F. Stuck, 434 Mellon street S.E.. employed in the produc tion control section. John F. Scotty. 224 Buchanan street, Alexandria, Va., employed in the flight test section. Bolling Field authorities said the plane was on a test flight. A board of officers has been appointed to in quire into the cause of the crash. U. S. Planes Raid Japs LONDON, Dec. 10 (fp).—A Japa nese broadcast today said American planes attacked Hankow and Wu chang In Chinw twice within just over an hour fft night.