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Not so cold, lowest abdut 18 tonight. Tomorrow fair with rising temperature. Temperatures today—Highest. 35. at 1:30 p.m.; lowest. 14, at 7:55 a.m. Yes terday—Highest, 26, at 12:01 a.m.; low est, 15, at 9:45 a.m. Late New York Markets, Poge A-19 ! Guide for Renders Page. After Dark .B-1* Amusements B-16-17 Comics.B-22*23 Editorials.A-18 Finance . A-16 Lost and Found, A-3 Pag*. Obituary .A-12 Radio .B-23 Society.B-3 Sports.A-16-17 Where to Go-B-3 Woman's Page, B-18 An Associated Pr«ss Newspaper 91st YEAR. No. 36,387. WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 16, 1943—FORTY-FOUR PAGES. *** WMhlBtton rrrrrpu'TT' r^TTXTTQ rTVZ c*NTS ind Suburb* i- -ClxvJlijCi l^XLlIS 1 O. Btevhere 100 FEARED DEAD IN CAROLINA RAIL CRASH 1,000 Dead or Hurt in Nazi Raid On Ships at Bari, Stimson Says; Churchill Is III With Pneumonia 5 of 17 Cargo Vessels Sunk Were American, Secretary Reveals Bs the Associated Presa. Seventeen United Nations merchant ships, including five American vessels, were sunk De cember 2 by German bombers in the Allied port at Bari, Italy Approximately 1.000 persons, among them 37 American naval men, were killed or injured. Secretary of War Stimson dis closed, casualty details and the loss of American ships at a press con ference today after other sources of unquestionable authority had placed the total number of vessels lost at 17. approximately 50 per cent of the total amount of shipping in Bari Harbor at the time. In official quarters here there was no disposition to deny that the blow was serious, reducing British Army supplies for two or three days—and In some respects the worst defeat in side a protected harbor since the Japanese raided Pearl Harbor two years ago. Most of Cargo Discharged. “Fortunately, most of the cargo had been discharged prior to the attack and the lass of supplies was not great ” Mr. Stimson said. About 30 German bombers partic ipated in the raid. Mr. Stimson said much of the damage resulted when two ammunition ships were hit and exploded, spreading fires and de struction over the harbor. The Secretary's report of the at tack came during the course of his weekly review of the war. “While we have definite air supe riority in Southern Italy and in most of the Mediterranean,” he said, “the Germans have appreciably in creased their air strength in this area. Sharp fighter resistance has been encountered at times and some heavy bomber attacks have been made on Allied ports and shipping." Full U. S. Toll Not Known. Mr. Stlmson told questioners the War Department did not know the full number of Americans included in the estimated total of 1.000 cas ualties. and did not know whether, the two ammunition ships were' among the five American vessels re ported destroyed He said the Bari bombing had been announced by Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower on December 4. The communique issued that day at Al lied headquarters, Algiers, said in part: •'On the evening of December 2. enemy aircraft attacked the Bari area and damage was done. There were a number of casualties.” The wave of German bombers rame over the Bari area just at dawn. flying very low and very fast. Thor caught the city's defenses en tirely by surprise. Concentrated on Ships. The raiders were not as interested In port installations as in the ships in harbor. A convoy apparently had arrived only a day or so before and the work of unloading ships had been going forward at top speed. The attack lasted only a few min utes. When it was over, harbor shipping was a shambles and the 17 merchant vessels lay useless on the bottom of the harbor. The 8th Army suffered badly In supplies for two or three days, but rapidly recouped its supply position. Obviously Fine Planning. The assault was carried out with obviously fine planning and bril liant execution. In some respects It was like the attacks made by American Army and Navy Air Forces on Japanese “sitting ducks” in the harbor at Rabaul. enemy base in the Southwest Pacific. American planes there went in under condi tions of surprise, caught defenses off balance and caused extremely heavy damage. One of the main difficulties with the defences at Bari appears to have been that they were weak in fighter planes. Bulletin President Roosevelt Here President Roosevelt has returned to the United States, the White House announced today. Roosevelt Forced Down in Azores, Nazis Claim By the Associated Press. LONDON, Dec. 16.—The German news agency DNB. in a dispatch purporting to come from Lisbon, Portugal, said today that President Roosevelt’s plane made a forced landing in the Azores Islands while on his way to the Cairo and Teheran conferences. There has been no official con firmation that such a stop was made while the President was en route to Cairo. Tire agency said in a Berlin broad cast, that the President had been forced down on the island of Ter ceira by damage to an engine of his aircraft. Terceira is one of the Portuguese Azores island group in the Atlantic. The broadcast report went on to, say that “ it was understood that! Roosevelt, on his flight to Cairo and I Teheran, stayed on the British occupied Azores Islands for some hours.” Big Raid Hints Landing Near In New Britain (Map on Page A-2.) Bj the Associated Press. SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AL LIED HEADQUARTERS, Dec. 16. —An American invasion of New Britain Island, key to Japan’s hold on the entire South Pacific area, appeared imminent today following a devastating raid by Allied bombers that dumped 356 tons of explosives on Arawe, one of the two good harbors on the southern coast of the island. This raid, announced by Gen. Douglas MacArthur. followed crush ing attacks Sunday that plastered New Britain on all sides in a pre invasion softening-up pattern. Ef fectiveness of these raids was pro nounced Gen. McArthur said the damage was heavy. All indications in headquarters communiques the last two days have pointed to a quickening tempo in these air attacks. They have packed X terrific wallop, co-ordinated in a pincer's air onslaught on New Brit ain^ that made full use of the new (See PACIFIC. Page A-I8.1 U. 5. Bombers Pound Nazi Supply Lines At Brenner Pass Rail Facilities Hit in Austria, North Italy; No Planes Are Lost By :hf Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Al giers. Dec. 16.—American heavy bombers, striking with as great force as on Tuesday, when 300 Flying Fortresses and Liberators blasted airfields in the Athensj area, hit telling blows at enemy; communications on both sides of the Brenner Pass yesterday. The new assaults were directed at rail facilities at Innsbruck In Aus tria and at Bolzano and the Trento regions in Northern Italy and, al though the fleet of bombers and escorting fighters approximately matched the armada which raided the Aegean area. Allied headquar ters said every one of the planes returned safely. These attacks, described as highly concentrated and successful, were made on the main supply line from Germany into Italy as the British 8th Army pushed ahead slowly in an advance along the Adriatic coast toward Pescara and the 5th Army captured an important hill in the Castel San Vincenzo area. 6 miles south of Alfedena. Road Cut in Three Places. The 8th Army cut the road be tween Ortona and Orsogna in three places and captured the village of Berrati, 3 miles from Ortona. The raid on Innsbruck was made by Flying Fortresses of the United States 15th Air Force and was the first blow delivered on the Austrian Tyrol. High explosives were laid across the railway yards and ter minal. Innsbruck is the junction point where the rail line extending south ward through the Brenner Pass leaves the main east-west line which links the industrial areas of Southern Germany and Austria. South of the pass Flying Fort resses bombed the rail yards at Bolzano and Liberators struck at the viaduct over the Avisio River near Trento. The big bombers were escorted by Lightnings. They encountered only slight flak over Innsbruck, which is 55 miles south of Munich, and small resistance at the Avisio Viaduct, but ran into heavier fire at Bolzano. New Allied Raids in Balkans. Other Allied planes made new forays into the Balkans. American Warhawks strafed the landing field near Zara, on the Dalmatian coast, destroying seven aircraft on the ground, and Ameri can Mitchells raided an airfield at Mostar with bombs. The 8th Army’s gains, made de spite bad weather, were assisted by tanks, which knocked out four enemy tanks. Canadian and Indian troops suc ceeded in crossing the bitterly con tested highway from Orsogna to Ortona in three places and forcing the Germans into the hills. Late Bulletin 3% Victory Tax Voted The Senate Finance Com mittee today added $540,000, 000 to the liability of individ ual income taxpayers for next year by adopting a flat 3 per cent Victory tax and retain ing the House provision re pealing the 10 per cent credit for earned incomes. After al lowing for other changes previously made, this raised the totol of the House bill j from $2,140,000,000 to $2,395, 900,090. 1 Prime Minister, 69, Is Under Care of Middle East Doctors By the Associated Press. LONDON, Dec. 16.—Prime Min ister Churchill, who marked his; 69th birthday while attending 'the three-power Teheran con ference, is suffering a "patch of pneumonia in the left lung,” •Deputy Prime Minister Clement Attlee tolc* the hushed House of Commons today. Mr. Attlee indicated that Mr. Churchill is now somewhere in the Middle East. A bulletin issued at No. 10 Downing Street, Mr. Church ill's official residence, which gave the first intimation of the Prime Minister's illness, said: "His general condition Is as sat isfactory as can be expected " Daily Bulletins to Be Given. A later announcement that daily bulletins on his condition will be issued might be taken as an indi cation of the gravity of his illness. Supplies of the new drug penicil lin were understood to be available if needed. Botli houses of Parliament sent messages of sympathy to Mr. Churchill, and the Archbishop of Liverpool asked Catholics of Eng land and Wales to offer special prayers for his quick recovery. The pneumonia attack is the sec ond suffered by Mr. Churchill in less than a year. Stricken Last January. Mr. Churchill fell ill with' a cold last January just after his Casa blanca conference with President Roosevelt, and on February 19 it was announced that he was con fined to bed with acute catarrh of the upper respiratory passages A later bulletin disclosed that pneu monia had developed. The Prime Minister was reported suffering from a heavy cold, with a temperature of more than 100. when he sailed from Britain to at tend the historic conferences with President Roosevelt. Premier Stalin. Generalissimo ChianR Kai-shek and President Tnonu of Turkey. On his arrival in Cairo, the cold became worse and the Prime Min ister had lost, his voice, but in sisted on continuing his arduous labors. fA Chicago Daily News corre spondent in London said it was immediately suggested privately that Mr. Churchill's illness un doubtedly precluded any plans President Roosevelt might have i for visiting the British capital. The press has been printing re current rumors of such a plan, but they have never received the slightest corroboration from of ficial circles.) Only two days ago. Foreign Secre tarv Anthony Eden told Commons he had left Mr. Churchill "in the sphere where he now is" in aood health though perhaps a little tired. Specialist in Attendance. Mr Eden also commented that he had never seen even the hard-work ing Prime Minister exert himself so inaefatigablv day and night as at the Teheran and Cairo conferences. | where he helped lay the plans for a .climactic assault on Germany and Japan. The last of these confer ences was with President Inonu De cember 4. 5 and 6. 'Mr. Churchill and Greek Pre mier Emmanuel Tsouderos met last Fridav in Cairo to discuss "the part Greece will play in the prosecution of the war in the light of recent events," a BBC I broadcast recorded by NBC said ! i today.) In today's announcement. Mr. Attlee told Commons, "the House will be sorry to learn of the Prime Minister’s indisposition. I am sure it will be the desire of all of us that | we should send best wishes to him for a complete, speedy recovery." - Mr. Attlee said highly qualified specialists were in constant attend ance on Mr. Churchill and added: "The House will observe the bul letin is signed not only by Lord1 Moran, but also by Brig. Bedford and Lt. Col. Pulvertaft. who are con-j sultant physician and director of pathology, respectively, to the Mid dle East forces. “I can assure the House that every modern facility is available on the spot." Lord Moran, the Prime Minister's personal physician, accompanied Mr. Churchill to the Cairo and Teheran ' See CHURCHiLL7 Page-A-18 ~ Bocock Resigns As Gallinger Superintendent Dr. D. L. Seckinger Takes Over as Temporary Head By BAINBRIDGE CRIST. Dr. Edgar A. Bocock, superin tendent of Gallinger Municipal Hospital, whose removal was de manded Monday by the Senate District Committee, submitted his resignation today. It was ac cepted by the Commissioners. In a letter dated yesterday. Dr Bocock wrote the Commissioners that “in the belief that a change in administration might definitely promote a new situation of real benefit to the hospital's successful future, I submit herewith my resig nation, to be effective on April 20 1944. and would like to avail myself of my accrued leave, amounting to 98 days on December 16. 1943. " The Commissioners accepted the resignation without comment and named Dr. Daniel L. Seckinger. as sistant District health officer, as acting superintendent of the hos pital, to serve until a new superin tendent is appointed. The future management of Gal linger Hospital was to be the sub ject of a conference this afternoon at the hospital. Dr. George C Ruhland. District health officer, planned to confer with Dr. Bocock and other members of his staff. Served for 16 Year*. Dr. Bocock. who completed 16 years of service as head of the hos pital at the close of business yester day. informed the Commissioners: "The hospital has grown enor mously in size and service to the community in spile of the handi caps and problems with which it has been faced. Of late, particularly, have these vicissitudes been de moralizing and damaging." The demand for Dr. Bocock's re moval from Gallinger came on Mon day. when the Senate District Com mittee considered the report of the Holman subcommittee which in vestigated the hospital The subcommittee report, filed with the full committee October 13. had called for the removal of Com missioner Guy Mason, Health Officer Ruhland. Dr. Joseph L. Gilbert, head of the psychiatric ward of the hospital, and Dr. Charles P. Cake, chief of the tuberculosis ward, as well as that of Dr. Bocock. With eight members of the com mittee meeting in executive session. Chairman McCarran announced that the group had adopted unani mously the following motion: "That the findings and con clusion of fact by the subcommittee and the specific recommendation that Dr. Edgar A Bocock be re moved be adopted and that the further recommendations of the subcommittee remain before the full committee for further study." Further Action Planned. In the subcommittee report filed by Senators Bushfield of South Dakota and Buck of Delaware, both Republicans, following a series of hearings into hospital affairs, the subcommittee recommended that if Dr. Bocock was not relieved of his post he should be held "strictly ac countable for the unsatisfactory conditions" in the wards under the supervision of Dr. Gilbert and Dr. Cake Informed of the resignation of Dr. Bocock, Chairman McCarran of the Senate District Committee said to day: “I have great hopes this will be 'See BOCOCK, Page jA7l8j Casualties Reach 131r098 In U. S. Armed Forces By thr Associated Press. The latest casualty total of the armed forces of the United States stands at 131.098 Secretary of War Stimson said today that from the start of the war to November 30. Army casualties in all theaters totaled 98.594. Of those, 15.334 were killed. 35 049 wounded. 23.725 missing and 24.486 were prisoners of war. Tire latest Navy total, covering reports received up to today, is 32.504. divided as follows: 13.983 killed. 5.868 wounded, 8.406 missing and 4,274 prisoners. Of the 35.049 Army wounded. Mr. Stimon said. 18.041 have been returned to duty or released from hospitals. The casualty total for the Ameri can elements of the 5th Armr fight ing in Italy now are 13.419, Mr. Stimson said. Draft Board Clerk and Husband Held by FBI on Evasion Charae By the Associated Press. The Federal Bureau of Investiga tion announced today the arrest of George S. Ross, 37, and his wife, Mrs. Lotis Florine Ross, 28, in Ar lington, Va., on charges of violating the Selective Service Act. Mr. and Mrs. Ross were arraigned shortly before noon before United States Commissioner Stanley King in Alexandria. He transferred the case to the United States District Court for the Western District of Virginia after the couple waived a preliminary hearing. Director J. Edgar Hoover said Mrs. Ross, a former chief clerk of the draft board at Washington. Va.. ad mitted changing records so as to make her husband appear to be 38 years old and in the group of regis trants not being drafted. Mr. Hoover said Ross is em ployed by the Virginia highway de partment and livea at Culpeper. His wife left the employ of the Selec tive Service Board July 31 and now is a clerk for the Red Cross here. FBI officials said Mr. and Mrs. Ross were arrested at a house in the 2900 block of Key boulevard, where Mrs. Ross has been living. Her hus band arrived from Culpeper yester day afternoon to visit his wife, and was at the house when agents arrived, it was said. Mrs. Ross, according to Mr. Hoo- i ver, destroyed her husbands orig inal registration card bearing his correct birth date, July 23. 1906. and made up a new one indicating he was born July 23, 1905. Complaints charging the two with violation of the Selective Service Act have been filed with the United States commissioner at Harrison burg, and both will be arraigned at Alexandria today on fugitive complaints for removal to Roanoke. I | JUST WANTED TO i SEE If THERE WAS p ^ANYTHING IN IJ_j~ Ohio Forced to Relax Rules On Liquor Monopoly, Probe Told Million Gallons Purchased Outside State by Hotels and Clubs, Witness Says Ft the Associated Pre^e. A Senate Judiciary Subcom mittee was told today that Ohio hotels, bars and night clubs were able to buy 1,000,000 gallons of liquor through out-of-State job bers from April through Novem ber, while the State couldn't get enough whisky to supply the de mand on State-operated stores. William J1. Lentz, a deputy State auditor, testified that Ohio had been forced to relax its regulations maintaining a monopoly on liquor sales in the State on April 3 to permit the outside purchases.. He said these purchases aggre gated r million gallons. The State was able to buy a total of 3,500.000 gallons from distillers during the same period, alloting 1.500000 gal lons of that to hotels, bars and other permit holders, he added. Senator Wherry. Republican, of Nebraska observed that the outside purchases had ‘‘taken liquor away from somebody else'’ in other States. Mr Lentz said that was true. Meanwhile, a Federal grand jury here prepared to open an investi gation into the financial setup and practices of the liquor industry. A similar investigation has been going on for at least a month under the direction of the anti-trust division of the Justice Department. At the committee hearing, Mr. Lenty pointed the finger at holders of warehouse liquor receipts, insist ing that much of the outside sup <See LIQUOR, Page A-18J Soviet Counterattacks Repulse Nazi Forces Driving Toward Kiev Heavy Artillery Fire And Air Assaults Stop Armored Divisions By HENRY C. CASSIDY. A. ccia'Pd Prp*< War Corrc pcndnnt. MOSCOW. Dec. 16.—Gen. Niko lai Vatutin's 1st Ukrainain Army has gone over to the offensive for the second time this week in the battle of the Kiev bulge, and in a series of swift counterattacks has driven the Germans from several strong points along the Teterev River salient, 55 miles west of the Ukrainian capital. Marshal Fritz von Mannsteins powerful armored divisions were un able to withstand the concentrated artillery fire from the Russian posi tions. field dispatches said. Red Army guns, aided by Stormo vik bombers, knocked out at least 48 German tanks and 97 armored cars in yesterday's fighting, a Rus sian communique announced. In one sector the Nazis attacked again and again with more than 100 tanks and at least 4.000 men. but they wilted each time in the face of the accurate Soviet gunfire. While the outcome of the tense, seesaw tank and gun battle still was undecided, the fact that Gen. i See RUSSIAN. Page A-lfTi 275,000 Infantrymen Awarded Promotions Pay Increases to Range From $48 to $216 Yearly By the Associated Pres!. Approximately 275.000 enlisted infantrymen are getting one-grade promotions in recognition of what the Army says are "the acknowl edged hazards and responsibilities shouldered by the infantry in combat." The War Department, announcing the promotions, said today they would affect 16 of the outstanding infantry combat categories and pro vide pay increases ranging from $48 to $216 a year. The promotions were effective as of last Monday. Lt. Gen. Joseph T. McNarney. deputy chief of staff, said: "The increased grades will provide a more suitable reward as well as supply the means for more careful selection of noncommissioned com bat leaders." Theater and area commanders were authorized to advance half the privates in certain designated units from grade 7 to grade 6. making them privates, first class. Others given promotions were squad leader assistants, from corporal to ser geant; squad leaders, from corporal, to sergeant, or from sergeant to staff sergeant; section leaders, from ser geant to staff sergeant: platoon ser geants. from staff sergeant to tech nical sergeant,, and battalion ser geant majors, from staff sergeant to technical sergeant. Cold Kills Man Here As Mercury Dips to New Low lor Season Temperature Down to 14 At 8 A M.; Some Relief Promised Tomorrow One death in the open was attributed to freezing by police today and an aged colored woman, removed from her home, was near death from exposure as a shivering population experi enced a new coldest day of the season in the Capital, The temperature went down to 14 at 8 a m., 2 degrees under the sea son's low of yesterday. Emergence of the sun in the mid morning caused a steady rise of the mercury. By 1 p.m it had climbed to 24. However, milder weather was promised for tomorrow by the Weather Bureau as temperatures rose from 20 to 30 degrees from Kansas and Missouri northward to the Dakotas this morning. The cold wave was moving out to sea from the north and west and warm er air was coming in behind, it was said. Frank Brown. 31. of 911 Hamilton street N.W. was found unconscious in an alley behind the Hilltop Mar ket at 5607 Georgia avenue N.W. a little before 8 o'clock this morning. An ambulance physician from the Emergency Hospital pronounced him dead a few minutes later. Police said the man's death was ap parently due to cold. An autopsv was to be performed at the Morgue later. Annie Dillard. 87. of 1825 Kendall street N.E was found in her home in a critical condition from frost bite, exposure and malnutrition by police of the ninth precinct. She was sent, to Gallinger Hospital. New- York City was experiencing a critical coal shortage with thou sands of complaints going to the Health Department that landlords 'See WEATHER. Page~A-18~> Senate Banking Group Votes 60-Day Delay On Subsidy Decision Barkley Is Authorized To Introduce Measure Extending CCC to Feb. 29 By the Associated Press The Senate Banking Commit tee recommended today a 60 day postponement of a Senate showdown on the food subsidy issue to permit attempts at a compromise. The action came after the com mittee had refused to accept either the flat subsidy repeal bill favored by the farm bloc or a compromise proposal of Senator Taft, Republi can. of Ohio. The committee authorized Major ity Leader Barkley to introduce in the Senate later today a resolution i to continue the life of the Commoti : ity Credit Corp — and the present ‘ subsidy program—from December ‘ 31 to February 29. Wilt Attempt Compromise. Senator Barkley said that during the interim he would "work at both ends of Pennsylvania avenue to try to work out something satisfactory to both sides." The committee voted. 9 to 8. against the Bankhead bill which would have outlawed subsidies after January 1. The measure was simi lar to the flat January 1 subsidy ban voted November 23 by the House, The Tatt compromise, which would have partly abolished the subsidy program, was voted down. 11 to 5. The committee likewise re fused to acept the House subsidy repealer, but took no record vote on lit. Earlier, leaders of the "big four farm organizations flatly rejected proposals for limited use of Gov ernment subsidies to stabilize con sumer food prices. Hitting at the compromise sug gested by Senator Taft, who would continue some subsidies under a $600,000,000 yearly limitation—about half the present outlay—the farm spokesman joined in urging the Banking Committee to send the House's subsidy repeal legislation to the Senate floor for an immediate vote. Their refusal to accept the Taft plan came in a conference with Senator Bankhead. Democrat, of Alabama. Senate farm bloc leader. The group met in advance.of the executive session of the Banking Committee at which the group ap proved the 60-aav delay. O’Neal Hits Proposal. Edward A. O'Neal, president of the .American Farm Bureau Feder ation. said the Taft proposal looked to him "like a subsidy for the bene fit of the food processors rather than the farmers.” Although the Taft plan would eliminate the present dairy feed subsidy to milk producers, which the farm groups oppose, it was assailed by Secretary Charles W. Holman of the National Co-operative Milk Producers Federation as "a crude surrender of the principle of fair prices to the farmer.” Representatives of the National 'See SUBSIDIES ."Page A- HU Naval Officer From Capital Takes Heroic Role in Wreck By the Associated Pres*. FLORENCE, S. C„ Dec. 16.—A passenger on one of the two crack Atlantic Coast Line trains smashed together at Buie. N. C„ today told how an expectant mother with both legs mangled held up bravely until aid arrived and how a Navy cap tain did heroic rescue work. “I was a passenger on the Tami ami West Coast Champion south bound to Tampa, Fla., which de railed at about 1:10 a.m.," said Wil liam Wood, publisher of Small Homes Guide magazine, unhurt in the wreck. "Capt. P. W. Allen of the Navy, Washington. D. C„ and I took charge of helping the injured and trying to reach the dead. We got blankets from the Pullman cars and hot cof fee and whisky from the diner, then made fires on the snow-covered ground. "Capt. Allen did some heroic work in that smashed wreckage. Through State highway patrol radio we reached Robert Samet at Lumber ton. who brought acetylene torches used to cut out the dead.” Wood said he helped to set flares after the train derailed, and that at about 1:50 a.m. the northbound Tamiami East Coast Champion plowed through the wreckage spilled over the parallel tracks. "The ACL wrecker arrived about 9 a.m. and ambulances had been streaming in and out from Pem broke and other places,” Mr. Wood added. "You have never seen such a s.mashup. Bodies were mangled, rails twisted into hairpins and loops all over the place,” the publisher added. Then he had to leave the tele | phone, where he was reached by the I ~ (See EYEWITNESS, Page A-18.) Scores Injured In Crash of Two Streamliners No Victims Identified As Train Strikes Derailed Coaches By the Associated Press. LUMBERTON. N. C„ Dec 16— Between 50 and 100 persons were killed and more than 100 injured in the wrecks of two crowded streamliner passenger trains along an icebound stretch of the Atlantic Coast Line in South eastern North Carolina early today. Rescuers battled through the win ter's coldest night over snow and ice-coated highways to bring sur vivors of the double smashup to hospitals at Lumberton and Fay etteville. One morgue at Red Springs had received 50 bodies by noon but no identification had been made Mrs. W. F. Barham, owner of the estab lishment, said other bodies were ex pected. Southeastern Disaster Re lief headquarters of the American Red Cross at Atlanta said 50 to 100 persons were killed and more than 100 injured. An eyewitness said three coaches of the Florida-bound Tamiami West Coast Champion were derailed about 1:10 a m. and about 40 minutes later the speeding New York-bound Tamiami East Coast Champion slashed through the wreckage scat tered over a double track Coaches Shattered. ACL general headquarters in Wil mington said nine cars of the north bound train were derailed All cars on both trains were of all-steel con struction, the office said Coaches were shattered "like match boxes." said the witness. Pub lisher William Wood of the Small Homes Guide Magazine, who was en route to Tampa, Fla A railroad spokesman at Rocky Mc.unt said about 75 or more per sons were killed on the northbound 'train and at least one killed on the southbound streamliner. Preholiday travelers, manv of I them soldiers headed home for Christmas, crowded the coaches of both trains. Nurses Rushed to Scene. The Red Cross went into action swiftly, rushing nurses and aid to the scene. Snow was falling and tempera tures were near zero. The wreckage was so twisted acetylene torches had to be used to remove both injured and dead from the shattered ! coaches. Merchants in nearby towns stripped their stocks of blankets to , protect the survivors. One of the trains departed from New York at 11:45 am. yesterday and the other left Miami at 8 45 a.m. yesterday. The wreck occurred about 1:50 a m C. G. Sibley of Wilmington, t vice president of the line, said he be lieved the wreck was caused by a broken rail. Victims Given Plasma. About 50 injured were admitted to Highsmith Hospital. 12 of them civilians. Blood plasma was given some of those most seriously hurt The conductor of the northbound train was quoted as saying that he had 250 passengers in three coaches. Dr. Fleming said both were long trains, estimating each had at least ! 15 cars. The Rocky Mount office disclosed the engineer on the northbound train. No 8. was Frank Belknap and that William Myers was the engi neer on southbound No. 91. Both are from Rocky Mount. Buie is a hamlet between Lum berton and Red Springs, about 27 miles south of Fayetteville. Civilian defense and first-aid workers were on hand before dawn to aid in rescue work. Military per sonnel from installations nearby also were helping in extricating the dead and injured from the wreckage. Red Cross Sends Nurses; No Data on Victims Red Cross national headquarters is sending a nurse supervisor to the wreck scene, the disaster relief sec tion announced today, adding that its Atlanta area headquarters was dispatching several nurses and a field representative. ‘We have been flooded with tele <See 'WRECK, Page A-Trj Casualty List Hospital Patients Identified in Wreck By the Associated Press LUMBERTON, N. C . Dec 16.— The injured in the Atlantic Coast Line passenger train wreck at Buie near here today included: Ed Davison, New Rochelle. N Y„ back injury. Mrs. J L. Stonebanks. wife of a Marine Corps major at Quantico, Va Both of these were in the High smith Hospital at Faletteville. Servicemen taken to the Fort Bragg Army Hospital, none of them believed seriously hurt, included: Pfc. Martin A. Tesslar, stationed at Charleston, S. C. Seamant Second Class) Francis H. Clarke. Charleston. Engineers Mate "Third Class) Robert P. Kemmlar, Charleston. Sergt. Lawrence E Murphy. Air Forces, stationed at Miami Beach. Pfc. John H. Rasenski. Air Forces, Miami Beach. Staff Sergt. Vito Simonetta. Air Forces, Miami Beach. Pvt. Raymond C. Connor, Air Forces, Charleston Sergt. G. L. De Gregory, Moultrie ville, 8. C.