Rain with mild temperature tonight
Temperatures today—Highest, 47, at
12:01 a.m.; lowest, 43, at 7:55 a.m.; 45
at 1:30. Yesterday—Highest, 56, at 4
p.m.; lowest, 32, at 7:55 a.m.
Late New York Markets, Page A-11.
Guide for Readers
After Dark ... B-9
Finance .. A-ll
Lost and Found A-3,
I Where to Go . B-4
Woman’s Page B-10
An Associated Press Newspaper
92d YEAR. Yo. 36,399.
WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, DECEMBER 28, 1943—TWENTY-EIGHT PAGES. ***
SnSS. THREE CENTS.
Trained Troops to Run Railroads
In Event of Strike, Stimson Says;
Steel Workers Returning to Jobs
In Case of Crisis
Text of President's Order, Page A-4.
By the Associated Press.
Swiftly taking over physical
possession of the railroads, the
Army is concentrating troops
with railroad experience to sup
plement any possible manpower
Secretary of War Stimson dis
closed the use of troops at a spe
cial news conference.
Declaring that “terrific dangers”
confront the Nation if a strike is
carried out, Mr. Stimson announced
that seven railroad presidents had
been appointed _ colonels and were
ready to take over the operation of
as many divisions.
In addition. Martin W. Clement,
president of the Pennsylvania Rail
road, was named general adviser to
Ll. Gen. Brehon Somervell, chief of
the Army Service Forces, and Maj.
Gen. Charles P. Gross, Army di
rector of transportation, who will
operate the lines. Mr. Stimson said
the two generals also would have
the assistance and advice of the
staff of the American Railroad As-,
sociation, headed by John Pelley.
Trucks Are Ready.
Mr. Stimson said an organization 1
had been set up to operate the rail- j
roads and that wages and labor
conditions as of 7 o'clock last night!
would be held in “status quo” until
the railroads were returned to civil
Gen. Somervell and Mr. Stimson
declared emphatically that the rail
roads would be kept operating.
Gen. Somervell said that, in addi
tion to having troops with railroad
experience ready to fill in on any;
jobs where necessary, the Army also
planned to use its^trucks should the
need arise and to make available
Army stocks of vehicles and food to
supplement any civilian shortages.!
Mr. Stimson disclosed that work!
on detailed plans for operating the 1
railroads had been under way before
President Roosevelt signed his order
for Federal operation at 6:40 p.m..
yesterday. At 7 o'clock Mr. Stimson i
was able to issue orders to zone j
commanders of the nine service1
commands to act.
operating Agreement Mapped.
Beginning at that hour. 672 offl- ,
cers had started out with orders to!
take over each of more than 600 j
separate railroad erganizatiorw.!,
Two officers were assigned to some j
of the major lines.
Gen. Somervell said an operating
agreement with the railroads had
been drafted and that “we are go
ing over it with the railroads at this
time, but we do not wish to disclose
the details." The agreement relates
to financial matters.
“We are to operate the railroads,
not to adjudicate any labor dis-!
putes involved.” Gen. Somervell said, j
“We are not a labor board. Any
change in pay or labor conditions |
will be effective only after roads i
have been released from War De
Tire general said railroads in the
United States now were considered
Federal property and that sabotage j
laws applicable to Federal property
applied to the railroads.
Asked about penalties in event of
strikes by railroad employes who
now’ become Federal employes, Gen.
Somervell and Secretary ' Stimson
said there were “several laws.” in
cluding section 6 of the Antistrike
Act and conspiracy laws.
(Section 6 of the antistrike law I
states that when any facility is j
in the possession of the Govern- ;
ment, it is unlawful to coerce,
conspire or encourage any person j
to interrupt operation through a ;
lockout, strike or other interrup- i
tion. It would not. however, j
cover an individual who quit work
of his own volition.)
New Colonels Named.
Railroad presidents appointed
colonels and named by Mr. Stimson !
to take over and operate various re- |
gional organizations included: Fred
erick E. Williamson of the New York
Central, supervision of the Eastern
division; R. B. White of the Balti
more & Ohio, the Alleghanv region;
William J. Jenks of the Norfolk &
Western Railroad, the Pochontas re
gion (primarily a coal-producing j
region with headquarters at Roa
noke, Va,; Ernest E. Norris of the
Southern, the Southeastern region;
Ralph Budd of the Burlington, the
Central-Western roads with head
quarters at Chicago; Charles E.
Denny of the Northern Pacific, the
Western region, and Lewis W. Bald
win of the Missouri Pacific, the
_Noting that the Brotherhoods of
'See RAILROADS. Page A-4.)
750,000 Cases of Peaches
To Be Freed to Public
The War Food Administration to
day announced the release within a
few weeks of 750.000 cases of canned
peaches owned by canners and set
aside for Government purchase.
The peaches will reach retail
markets at about the time that
fresh iruits are in lowest supply,
WFA said. Because latest estimates
indicate that these stocks will not be
neeeded for Government require
ments, the Food Distribution Ad
ministration has authorized the
office of the quartermaster general
to permit canners to release the
Ration point values on canned
peaches were not expected to be
changed by the WFA release, ac
cording to OPA officials. Smaller
cans call for 18 points, while larger
cans cost 30 points.
On November 2 WFA ordered the
release of 900.000 cases of canned
peaches under similar circumstances.
Public to See Little Change
In Railroads Despite Seizure
Army Operation Will Be Felt at Top;
Won't Affect Average Passenger
By the Associated Press.
The Nation's railroads oper
ated today under their first day
of Government control just as
they did yesterday, and it was
doubtful that the public would
see any physical evidence of a
Representatives of the Eastern
Railroad Presidents' Conference
Committee expressed the opinion
that Government operation would
follow the pattern of the last seiz
ure—26 years ago—when regional
offices were set up for supervisory
Those offices acted as liaison be
tween the Government and the rail
roads. The railroads are expected
to continue to operate under their
So far as the average train rider
is concerned. Government operation
of the railroads under presidential
order won’t mean a thing, an Army
official said here.
Tickets will be purchased in the
regular way and punched and taken
up by the regular conductors.
"Unless the traveler happens to
notice a copy of the presidential
order, which probably will be pasted
in most stations, he won't know
there has been any change except
through reading the newspapers,”
the official said.
And, he added, the usual scramble
for .seats and the usual delays in
schedules probably will continue.
Organized to Direct
Mobilize Rail Forces
In South and West
Bj the Associated Press.
BALTIMORE, Dec. 28.—Brig.
Gen. Philip Hayes, commanding
general of the 3d Service Com
mand, set up today an emer
gency staff in charge of the 83
railroads in Maryland, Pennsyl
vania and Virginia, under the
President's order directing seiz
ure of all railroads.
Roy Barton White, president of
the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, was
named director for the Alleghany
region, which covers the three States
of the 3d Service Command. It is
one of four regions set up by the
Army administration on the East1
The emergency organization be
:an functioning shortly after the j
irmy officially took possession and j
:or,trol of the railroads last night.
Lt. Col. Willis Pruett was ap
pointed assistant to Mr. White, and
Jol. M. A. McFadden, zone trans
portation officer, was selected for
he post of executive officer of the
Gen. Hayes said one or more
Army officers would be named to the
pperating headquarters of each rail
road in the command area.
Staff Studies Operation
Of Midwestern Lines
CHICAGO, Dec. 28 <A>).—Army
supervision of railroads in the 6th
Service Command was discussed to
dav at a staff meeting of the com
mand after 78 Army officers had
been assigned to the offices of 57
railroads in Illinois, Wisconsin and
Michigan under terms of President
Roosevelt's executive order.
Tlie Army men will be on duty
only as observers, said Brig. Gen.
John F. Davis, commanding general
of the 6th Service Command in the
absence of Maj. Gen. H. S. Aurand.
101 Officers Assigned
To Southern Systems
ATLANTA, Dec. 28 (/Pi.—Assign
ment of 101 Army officers to various
railroad headquarters in the seven
Southeastern States to assume con
trol under President Roosevelt's
order seizing railroads was an
nounced today by Maj. Gen. William
Bryden, commanding officer of the
4th Service Command.
The officers were selected for
specialized knowledge of transpor
tation affairs. Gen. Bryden issued
the assignments on instructions
from the War Department.
84 Officers Sent
To Western Offices
OMAHA, Dec. 28 (/P).—Eighty-four
officers of the 7th Service Command
have been ordered to proceed to
operating headquarters of railroads
in the nine States of the command,
it was disclosed here today.
Maj. Gen. F. E. Uhl, service com
mander, said commanding officers
of all posts have been instructed to
report the number of enlisted men|
possessing railroad operation ex
This is an emergency measure in
preparation for possible develop
ments, Gen. Uhl said, and the men
enlisted will not be detached from
their units and their training will
not be interrupted at present.
Two railroad operating regions are
in the territory under jurisdiction
of the 7th Service Command. Col.
Charles E. Denney, St. Paul, has
been designated regional director of
the Northwestern region and Col.
L. W. Baldwin. St. Louis, South
western regional director.
FEPC Turns Problem
Of Enforcing Orders
Over to President
Action Follows Decision
Of House Committee
To Initiate Inquiry
By the Associated Press.
Enforcement of President
Roosevelt's order against any
racial discrimination in war in
dustries was up to the Chief
Executive himself today.
The problem was turned over to
him by the Fair Employment Prac
tices Committee late yesterday after
a congressional committee moved to
investigate the agency's activities.
The FEPC. set up by the Presi
dent under the Second War Powers
Act. certified 14 Southeastern rail
roads and seven railway labor unions
as violators of presidential order
No. 9346 which forbids racial or re
ligious discrimination against work
ers or job applicants by any firm
doing any work for the Govern
Operators of the railroads in
volved were in effect removed from
the picture, however, by the Presi
dent’s seizure oi the entire railway
system in the current wage dispute.
While the railroads are being op
erated by the Secretary of War any
decision by the President on en
forcement of the nondiscrimination
order could be carried out imme
diately without concurrence of the
Carriers, Unions United.
The FEPC’s authority was openly
challenged December i3 when the
Southeastern railroads served notice
on FEPC that they intended to dis
regard its directive designed to carry
out the President’s no-disenmina
Three of the seven railway unions
also have formally denied the FEPC
has powers to enforce the Presi
dent s order.
Submission of the issue to the
President for further action has un
usual political implications. South
ern members of Congress who op
posed the administration soldier
vote and poll tax measures have
been outspokenly critical or FEPC,
while Northern colored organiza
tions, which carry considerable
voting power in several industrial
cities, have been urging FEPC to
take even stronger action to carry
out the President’s order. *
Organized labor’s right to draw
contracts with employers also is at
issue. The seven unions cited to the
President are accused by FEPC of
writing clauses into operating con
tracts with the railroads which dis
criminate against the job rights of
Ross Sees Challenge.
Malcolm Ross, FEPC chairman,
declared the railroads’ refusal to
obey the agency's directive consti
tuted an “open challenge to presi
He declined to comment on an
investigation headed by Representa
tive Smith, Democrat, of Virginia.
Mr. Smith said the inquiry was de
cided on after his committee re
ceived complaints from West Coast
shipyard workers and Southern
railways management that FEPC
had exceeded its authority.
The Smith committee took the
records in the case against the rail
roads and the action involving the
boilermakers’ union and five West
Coast shipyards, which were also
recently ordered by FEPC to end
allegedly discriminatory practices
affecting colored employes.
Stimson to Speak Tonight
Secretary of War Stimson will
speak at 7 o'clock tonight in a coast
to-coast radio program to be carried
by the four major networks. Mr.
Stimson will discuss Army seizure
of the Nation's railroads.
'Fare' Spurned by 45 Cabs
Has Drivers Called on Carpet
Forty-five taxicab operators’ re
fusal to stop for a passenger who
attempetd to flag them down during
a two-month period at Massachu
setts avenue and Second street N.E.
landed them on the carpet at the
hack inspector's office today to ex
plain their action.
The complainant was Robert L.
Hill, assistant to the director of per
sonnel at the Department of Agri
culture, who took down the license
number of each cab that, passed him
by at the corner. He said he usually
spent 15 minutes between 8:45 and
j 9 a.m. trying to hail a cab each
morning. Being ignored a few times
was not so bad, but the drivers' per
sistent refusal to stop for him finally
roused him to action.
Taxicab operators are required by
law to stop for passengers whenever
hailed while on duty, but there has
been a rising tide of complaints
against the operators who, many
persons have said, have gotten
“choosey” during the transportation
pinch and try to select those who
appear to be better paying custo
By the Associated Press.
A one-day walkout by more
than 170,000 steel workers ap
peared ended today with the
granting of their demands for
possible retroactive pay in new
contracts now being negotiated.
Reports from the scores of plants
in nine States which were closed by
; the work stoppages showed most of
the men were obeying orders tele
; graphed last night by Philip Mur
ray, president of the CIO United
Sieel Workers of America, to resume
"uninterruptedly the production of
Mr. Murray's instructions were
dispatched a few minutes after the
War Labor Board issued a directive
which incorporated suggestions of
President Roosevelt that retro
active pay be guaranteed.
Littl^Choice for Operators.
Steel operators had little choice
but to accept the order. Reports in
informed sources were that the War
Production Board would readily
consider requests for higher steel
prices, which Benjamin F. Fairless,
president of the United States Steel
Corp., said some time ago would be
necessary to cover any added cost,
such as more pay to'the workers.
Republic Steel Corp.. largest of
214 companies whose contracts with
the union expired at midnight,
Christmas eve. precipitating the
controversy, estimated it would re
quire "about 48 hours” for produc
tion to return to normal.
More than half of Pennsylvania's
40.000 idle went back. Others were
to follow on the afternoon and eve
The 20.000 employes of Wheeling
Steel in Ohio and West Virginia
were slow in responding to the back
to-work order, but a company
spokesman said It "seemed reason
able to assume operations would be
restored during the day.”
Ohio Workers Returning.
At least partial production was
resumed in all of the 30 Ohio mills
hit by the work stoppage of 81.000
steel workers in that State, and
industry officials estimated from 50
to 85 per cent normal forces were
The break in the crisis came just
as steel production dropped to its
lowest rate since 1940. when the
United States began its “all-out" war
The Labor Board, in agreeing to
retroactivity by an 8-to-4 vote, re
versed the stand labor members of
the WLB took last Wednesday when
they voted down a virtually identical
proposition made by the public
Mr. Murray, in his announcement
to terminate the work stoppage,
declared of the board's reversal:
“This action upon the part of
the National <War> Labor Board at
the direction of the President of
the United States will correct the
grave situation created by the Na
tional (Wan Labor Board.”
The CIO chief ordered telegrams
dispatched at once to local union
and district officials directing “fuli
compliance" with the latest board
“You are further advised of the
need of continuing uninterrupted
the production of steel and steel
products essential to the war needs
of our Nation. This is in conformity
with our organization's no-strike
“All necessary measures should
therefore be taken by the offices
and members of our local unions to
comply with the policy and to as
sure the representatives of your
organization the opportunity to
negotiate by peaceful means the
perfection of a satisfactory wage
agreement, with the understanding
that if the new agreements include
any wage adjustments, such adjust
ments shall be computed retroac
tively to the date when your con
tract would have expired."
eve pulled 81.000 men out of the
Industry members of the WLB.
dissenting from the action of public
and labor members who guaranteed
the steel workers retroactivity, said
in a statement that “when 150,000
men simultaneously stop work, with
picket lines around many plants,
including those in which contracts
have not expired, the question of
whether or not there is an author
ized strike is wholly academic." and
they said, illustrated “conclusively
either the absence or the abuse of
union responsibility and discipline.”
D. C. Police Fail to Find
Trace of Missing Boaf
Fighting ice fields on the Potomac
River in a vain search for a small
motor boat reported caught in the
ice off Occoquan Bay, harbor police
returned to Washington today with
out finding a trace of the craft and
Harbor police shortly before mid
night dispatched the steel-hulled
Charles Evans to the scene, about
25 miles downstream, after receiving
reports of distress signals burning
from the motor boat.
Searchlights were played in the
area for nearly an hour without
success, police said.
Dangerous ice floes slowed the
Charles Evans, in command of Har
bormaster Otha R. Sanders, and the
searching party did not return to
Washington until about 6 a.m.
The police boat was the only craft
strong enough to withstand the ice,
Residents along the Virginia shore
at Occoquan first reported seeing
the distress signals and notified
State police, who in turn appealed
^/weCANUCK OUR ^
/ ENEMIES IN EUROPE h
r IN 1944, CAN YOU LICK \
' V YOURS AT HOME? J\
Tedder Named Deputy
To Eisenhower on
Allied Invasion Staff
Gen. Paget Appointed
Commander in Chief
In Middle East
By the Associated Press.
LONDON. Dec. 28.—In a move
which clearly foreshadowed the
mighty role air power will play
in the main invasion of Europe,
Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur
Tedder. Britain's master air
strategist, today was appointed
deputy to Gen. Dwight D. Eisen
hower, supreme commander of
the Allied invasion armies.
Selection of Marshal Tedder, who
cleared North Africa's skies of the
German Air Force and directed air
cover for the invasions of Sicily and
Italy, was greeted w-ith approval in
London and his appointment was re
garded as assuring that the building
of air strength would gain new mo
It was announced at the same
time that Gen. Sir Bernard 'Tolly)
Paget, who fought a grim battle ol
withdrawal in Norway and for twc
years was commander in chief ol
the British home forces, has been
appointed commander in chief in
i the Middle East at Cairo.
Admiral Fraser Possible Leader.
Thus the line-up of commanders
for an encircling assault from west,
north and south was virtually com
Although no naval commanders
for the British-based invasion have
yet been named. Admiral Sir Bruce
Fraser, commander in chief of the
British home fleet and hero of the
Scharnhorst sinking, was regarded
as a possible leader.
It also was announced last night
that Capt. M R. Holcomb of Pasa
dena. Calif., had arrived at London
derry, North Ireland, to become
chief staff officer of the United
States operating base at London
As Tien. Eisenhower yesterday
promised the complete defeat ol
Germany in 1944, the Berlin radic
said Marshals Erwin Rommel and
Karl Rudolf Gerd von Rundstedt
had held an invasion council of war
at which Marshal Rommel “con
vinced himself of the preparedness
for action of the Western European
area." The broadcast said the for
mer "Desert Fox” had found defense
' See INVASION. Page A-2 >
Col. McCormick Declines
To Run for President
By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO. Dec. 28—Col. Rob
ert R. McCormick, editor and pub
lisher of the Chicago Tribune, has
advised an Illinois Republican lead
er that he is not to be considered a
presidential candidate in the Illi
nois preferential primary next
Ben Berve. chairman of the Re
publican State Central Committee,
announced yesterday that Col. Mc
Cormick expressed his views in a
letter to him after he had sought
his opinion. Mr. Berve said his
request followed distribution of
10,000 petitions by the Republican
Nationalist Revival Committee to
enter Col. McCormick's name in the
In a letter to Mr. Berve, Col. Mc
Cormick said, "If I would allow my
name to be used in the presidential
primary in Illinois I would have to
cease acting as editor and publisher
of the Tribune.
“It would be a great mistake
for me to give up the activity which
has proven to be useful to under
take one of uncertain value to m>
country. * * * I desire that m>
name be not used as a candidate ir
the preferential primary for Pres
ident of the United States.”
York Among Ships
LONDON UP).—1The British
battleship Duke of York and
a force of cruisers and de
stroyers participated in the
naval battle which resulted in
the sinking of the German
battleship Scharnhorst, the
Admiralty announced to
U. S. Destroyer Sunk by Japs
Off New Britain, Knox Reveals
Toll in New Landing Operation Not Given;
Marines Drive on Gloucester Air Strips
By th* Acsoeiated Pres*.
An American destroyer was
sunk and a small coastal trans
port ship damaged by Japanese
bombs in the landings Sunday at
Cape Gloucester on the western
tip of New Britain Island.
Secretary of the Navy Knox re
ported at a news conference today
that both vessels went down, but
i the Navy later announced that the
! transport was only damaged.
The ships were not identified nor
was there any information as to the
number of casualties.
Mr. Knox said Japanese claims,
broadcast by the Tokio radio, of
the sinking of two heavy cruisers
and two transports were "as fan
: tastic as usual.”
From advanced Allied headquar
ters in New Guinea today came
reports that the marines, now’ using
tanks, were advancing toward the
airdromes in the Cape Gloucester
area and had captured Target Hill,
a 450-foot elevation near Borgen
Bey. The hill was pounded heavily
from the air and by warships before
the Sunday landings.
The loss of the destroyer. Secre
tary Knox said, resulted from an air
attack four or five hours after the
operation started. It was our only
loss. he said.
No details on the destroyer were
given, but Mr. Knox said the small
transport W'as only about 100 feet
The Tokio radio quoted a Japa
nese communique as saying two Al
lied cruisers and two transports had
been sunk and three transports
damaged by Japanese naval planes,
which attacked an invasion convoy
(See PACCTfcTPage A-10.)
Secret Weapons Aid
Navy Victories Over
Japs, Knox Reports
Discloses 42 Carriers
Now Are in Operation
With Latest Planes
By the Associated Press.
The Navy is using secret wea
pons in driving the Japanese
back in the Pacific. Secretary of
the Navy Knox reported today.
He gave no details, however.
Mr. Knox made the disclosure
in a summary of 1943 activities,
"In the field of new weapons, or
secret weapons, the Navy has by
no means been idle.
“The Japanese especially have felt
; the sting of weapons which, al
though greatly improved, neverthe
less are of conventional types.
“Japanese and Nazi alike, how
ever, also have felt destriction
wrought by weapons not known to
them, and will continue to do so.’’
New Planes Lauded.
The Secretary also disclosed at a
news conference that more than
42 aircraft carriers are in operation.
He said their ‘offensive sting” has
| been increased by the Corsair and
Hellcat fighters, “the most power
ful carrier-based fighting planes in
the world.” Also now striking its
first blows, he said, “is a powerful
new dive bomber"
He did not identify the new dive
bomber, but it presumably is the
Curtiss Helldiver, which saw its first
action against the Japanese in a
raid on Rabaul November 11. The
Navy said yesterday that it “lived
up to our expectations during
Mr. Knox disclosed the figures on
aircraft carriers in reporting that
the Navy now has in operation “more
than six times as many" carriers as
it had when the Japanese attacked
Pearl Harbor. At that time the Navy
had seven carriers. Mr. Knox's
figures include escort carriers.
Other high points in the Secre
tary's report of 1943 progress:
The naval aviation arm grew "in a
manner that gives us world leader
(See KNOX, Page A-3.)
Two Railroads Cut
As Soviets Plunge
German Flank Along
Lower Dnieper River
<Map on Page A-?.)
By HENRY C. CASSIDY.
Associated Press War Correspondent.
MOSCOW. Dec. 28. — Gen.
Nikolai Vatutin's 1st Ukraine
Army swung southwest of Kiev
today in a new plunge toward
Rumania and the old Polish
border, cutting two railroads out
of the Germans' fast-dwindling
network of communications and
threatening the flank of the
enemy forces along the lower
Gen. Vatutin's spectacular ad
vance through the town of An
drushevka. 120 miles from the Ru
manian frontier, was preceded by
terrific artillery barrages. It car
ried his troops forward approxi
mately 40 miles from the starting
point of his offensive in the Brusi
lov sector to within 15 miles of the
Zhitomir-Odessa lateral railway
This strategic railroad, which
Nazi Marshal Fritz von Mannstein
cleared at heavy cost by his ill-fated
November tank onslaught, was
again in imminent danger, accord
ing to dispatches from the front.
Capture of Andrushevka put the
Russians 20 miles northeast of the
key rail. city of Berdichcv, even
closer than they were last month
before Von Mannstein’s attack
pushed them back from the Zhito
mir-Korosten sector. Berdichev is
on a major Axis railway feeding
(See RUSSIA. Page A-7.)
Sir Frederic Fisher Dies
LONDON. Dec. 28 PP).—Admiral
Sir Frederic Fisher, 92, brother of
the late Admiral Lord Fisher. First
Sea Lord during the early months
of the World War. died December
23. it was announced today. Sir
Frederic was born in Ceylon and
served 49 years in the Royal Navy,
retiring in 1914.
New Year Eve Price Ceilings
Ordered in Night Clubs Here
Washingtonians are expected to’
throng night clubs in record-break
ing numbers New Year eve, secure
in the knowledge—if that problem
worries them—that the OPA is keep
ing careful watch to see that they
are not overcharged.
To try to help keep overly enthu
siastic celebrators from going broke
quite so soon, the OPA has issued a
ruling prohibiting night clubs from
raising New Year eve prices over
last year’s levels.
Several night clubs already have
been sold out and others report sell
outs expected for next Friday night.
A few hotels have curtailed the cele
bration due to the war, but the
majority are preparing for New
Year eve with all the trimmings.
Special midnight shows in all the
downtown and most of the neigh
borhood theaters will take care of
thousands of the District’s war
swollen population unable to secure
night • club reservations.
The District has 19 night clubs.
12 hotel dancing spots, 17 restau
rants with floor shows and innumer
able taverns which provide dancing
to the accompanying blare of a juke
The District's 32 bowling alley's
will be in operation and the Chevy
Chase Ice Palace and Uline's Arena
will be open to ice skating enthu
siasts. More than 1,500 people will
attend the All States dance at the
Washington Hotel, which is staging
the affair primarily for lonesome,
unacquainted people here. In ad
dition, there will be numerous pri
vate parties in homes and hotels.
Though forced to keep the mini
mum or cover prices at last year’s
level, night spot operators expect
the added volume will mean greater
grosses than last year.
OPA reflations further require
that the quality of the food and en
(See NEW YEAR, Page A-10.)
Loss of Orfonar
North of Ruined
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, Dec. 23.—The Ger
mans have evacuated the “ruins
of Ortona,” Adriatic port which
has been the scene of bloody
street fighting for more than a
week, the German communique
The communique was broadcast
by the Nazi DNB news agency.
Northern anchor of the German
winter front in Italy. Ortona was
set afire December 14 by the Ger
mans, leading to speculation that
an enemy withdrawal was imminent.
The German Transocean News
Agency today said Nazi forces, op
posed by "greatly superior enemy
forces," had withdrawn to “well
prepared positions immediately
north of the city.”
Nazi Flame Throwers
Turned on Canadians
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. Al
giers. Dec. 28 (TP;.—The Germans
were reported today to have turned
flame throwers on Canadian 8th
| Army troops, who were battling
(their way at bayonet point through
(the streets of Ortona, in a grimly
desperate defense of the Nazi com
munications to Rome from the East.
I Both Canadian and Indian troops
| of the 8th Army took numerous
(prisoners in the bitter fighting for
.the port, a city of 9.000 situated 11
miles below Pescara.
Tighten Hold on Range.
Meanwhile, American troops of
the 5th Army, with the capture of
, two more heights, tightened their
hold on the important Samucro
mountain range overlooking the
Germans' strongly held San Vittore
backdoor to Cassmo and Rome.
On both the 5th and 8th Army
fronts intensive Allied patrol ac
tivity was reported. American
patrol activity was reported. Amer
ican patrols, completing the con
(solidation of their Samucro positions
a mile and a half east of San Vit
tore, were sent down the south
west slopes to find the village
strongly held by the Germans.
Southwest of Castel San Vincenzo
in the center of the Italian front,
(fierce local battles were raging for a
ridge called Catenella Degli Mai
nardi. while other Allied forces cap
tured a high point in the Monte
Attack Important Height.
French Moroccan troops were at
tacking an important height "to
which the enemy is clinging tena
ciously.'’ an Allied communique said,
(but did not identify the location of
| Fighter activity over the 5th Army
(front increased with slightly better
j weather and fighter-bomber blast
led Civitavecchia, northwest of Rome,
I hitting shipping, the railway yard
(and harbor installations,
t Medium bombers ranged far north
to attack viaducts at Recco. and
Zoagli, south of Genoa, while other
bombers crossed the Adriatic to
bomb shipping near Zara in Yugo
Rail targets were destroyed on the
Ancona-Pescara line and a factory
and railway yard bombed at Anagni.
The raids were accomplished with
Sale jof Share of Network
To Time Is Reported
Bv the Associated Press.
NEW YORK. Dee. 28.—Time mag
azine today was reported to have
purchased a substantial pan of a
national radio system.
Discussions on the deal, which
have been under way for some time,
included the probability that the
forengn news gathering staffs of
Time. Life and Fortune magazines
would be made available to the
broadcasting chain to expand its
| It was recalled that when Edward
J. Noble purchased the Blue Net
work for $8,000,000 he had negotiated
with a magazine owner to take a
part interest, but the deal fell
The Time transaction is expected
to involve several million dollars.
Allied Ship Reported
Shelled in Dodecanese
By the Associated Press.
LONDON. Dec. 28.—The German
news agency DNB said today that
an Allied warship attempting to en
ter Pegadi Harbor on Scarpanto
• Karpathos'. Dodecanese island be
tween Crete and Rhodes, on the
night of December 26, presumably to
land saboteurs, was spotted and
| heavily shelled.
Early Churchill Talk
On Invasion Setup
Forecast in London
Ey the Associated Press.
LONDON. Dec. 28. — The
Daily Mail today said Prime
Minister Churchill, who pre
sumably is in the Middle East
recovering from pneumonia,
would make a speech soon giv
ing his views on the newly
established invasion setup un
der Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower.
The newspaper said Mr.
Churchill "has been a busy man
for more than a week” and that
he took a hand in all arrange
I ments for the organization of
the invasion command and the
Christmas eve announcement
of the appointments.
An appearance before Com
mons or a radio speech to the
nation after his complete re
covery and return home would
i be in the normal course of
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