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Ratio lor Invasion
Is Military Secret, Joint Chiefs Assert By the Associated Preu. The ratio of American to Brit ish troops in the European inva sion forces is a military secret, say the joint chiefs of staff, and the Germans won’t learn it “from any official source in this country.” Senator Johnson, Democrat, of Colorado has reported that the United States will provide 73 per cent and Great Britain 27 per cent of the troops used in the planned at tack on Western Europe. “The exact proportion * * said an announcement by the joint chiefs yesterday, “is a military secret which the Germans would like to know, but will not learn from any official source in this country. “There has been no disagreement between American and British chiefs of staff on that proportion, for the reason that both countries are going to hit the common enemy with everything possible.” OWI’s Reply to Johnson. The British, whose troops already outnumber the Americans in the Mediterranean, are "going to put in everything they have got” for other European operations, the statement said, and "we are going to put in everything we can get there.” The statement, issued by the Office of War Information, plainly was in reply to the report by Senator John son. Senator Wheeler, Democrat, of Montana declared Monday that the high percentage of American troops involved would be a "tremendous gamble” on the part of this country’s military leaders. Senator Wheeler’s implied criti cism was in turn answered by other Senators who agreed that whatever the proportion, the decision was one for military leaders. Typical was the statement of Senator Austin, Re publican. of Vermont that “it is up to the men who will guide the in vasion to decide what troops are needed, where and in what quanti ties.” Text of Announcement. Text of the joint chiefs' announce ment follows: "The exact proportion of American to Britsih troops, in joint operations to be conducted in Northwestern Europe, is a military secret which the Germans would like to know, but will not learn from any official source in this countiy. "There has been no disagreement between American and British chiefs of staff on that proportion, for the reason that both countries are going to hit the common enemy with everything available. "The British, with one-third as large a population as this country, already have a considerably larger number of troops in the Mediter ranean theater than we. For other European operations they are going to put in everything they have got, and we are going to put in every thing we can get there.” Generals ‘Continued From First Page.) American commander in the Euro pean theater, becomes commander of American forces in the Mediter ranean area and deputy to Gen. Sir Henry Maitland Wilson, over-all commander there, while Maj. Gen. Nathan Twining»will command the American 15th Air Force in the Mediterranean. May Head Tactical Force. But the precise complexion of the air command in Britain was not clarified by the President, who an nounced only that Gen. Doolittle had been shitted to head the 8th Air Force. With American strategic bombing of Germany from Britain or any other base already assigned to Lt. Gen. Carl Spaatz, and overall air command in the invasion from Britain in the hands of Marshal Tedder, the prospect arose that Gen. Doolittle’s chief assignment might be the tactical task of hammering out an invasion road barely ahead of the landing barges and holding an air umbrella over them. Speculation on the tactical com mand for the cross-Channel drive, however, had centered principally on Maj. Gen. Lewis H. Brereton, re cently relieved from command of the 9th Air Force in North Africa with out an announced new assignment. The Doolittle appointment still could leave the tactical post to Gen. Brereton or some one else, with Gen. Doolittle handling more gen eralized duties. The Devers shift puts at the head of American forces in the Mediter ranean a man who has specialized in tank and artillery operations, but who holds to the theory that the way to beat the enemy is to throw everything in sight at him. Stressed Air Importance. Gen. Devers went to the Euro pean theater command from the command of the American armored forces, but he emphasized the im portance of the air arm at the time of the move, and it was under his direction that the aerial onslaught on the Nazi citadel was built up to its recent furious tempo. As late as November 7. in a broad cast signalizing the anniversary of the Allied landings in North Africa, LT. GEN. IRA EAKER. LTV GEN. JACOB DEVERS. I MAJ. GEN. JAMES H. DOOLITTLE. MAJ. GEN. NATHAN TWINING. AIR MARSHAL T. L. LEIGH MALLORY. ADMIRAL SIR BERTRAM RAMSAY. —A. P. Photos. ijen. Devers called the past year’s operations only “the prelude.” “Before us,” he said, “now lies the main assault, for which we are massing manpower and equipment in accordance with thoughtfully planned world strategy.” Asked about reports that Lt. Gen. George S. Patton, jr., will get a new Invasion past, Mr. Roosevelt replied that his name was not on the list he had before him and advised re porters not to do much guessing on that point. Gen. Patton has been under wraps since criticism arose over his action in striking and up braiding a battle-fatigued patient in a Sicilian hospital, but there had been some discussion of the possi bility that he might draw a leading role in the European invasion. Appointments (Continued From First Page.' naming of Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder to be Gen. Eisen hower's deputy commander in chief, gave Britain three top positions in the supreme command. Other Posts to Be Filled. Still to be appointed is a com mander for American ground forces. There is a possibility that an over all commander for British and American ground forces also will be named and other key positions may yet be filled. Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery has been designated commander of British ground forces, j The selection of Admiral Ramsay and Marshal Leigh-Mallory to head the naval and air arms, which of necessity will play two of the most vital parts in the Allied operation across the Channel, was announced at No. 10 Downing Street. The announcement said the ap pointments were made after con versations between President Roose velt and Prime Minister Churchill. Explanation of Comment. Here is an explanation of Marshal Leigh-Mallory s command: He will head all operations—Brit ish and American—known as tac tical, that is, all those blows directed against the enemy’s gun emplace ments and all that will stand in the way of our initial landings. Strategic bombing is far behind the fighting lines—the kind that long has been in progress from Brit ain—against the interior sources of t'he enemy's warmaking strength. Thus, for the purposes of the in vasion itself, Marshal Leigh-Mallory is air commander. Censorship here tofore had prevented making a clear distinction between his command and those already announced as to strategical air operations. An American, Lt. Gen. Carl A. Spaatz, has been named commander of American Strategic Air Forces for the invasion front. Marshal Leigh-Mallory, 51, a bril liant aerial tactician, will direct the Allied Air Forces’ tactical operations in support of ground forces. He is a specialist in air-land co-operation and has been head of Britain’s School of Army Co-operation. He took command of one of . the RAF’s busiest fighter groups near the end of the battle of Britain and com manded the air forces participating in the Dieppe "invasion rehearsal” in August. 1942. Three months later he became chief of the fighter com mand. World War Veteran. A heavy-set. full-faced man with a black mustache, who looks like a typical London "city” (Wall Street) man. Marshal Leigh-Mallory is a World War veteran and has been in the RAF ever since. Admiral Ramsay, who brought the British Army back from Dunkerque, was awarded the Knight of the British Empire December 22 for his distinguished services in planning and execution of naval operations which led to the capture of Sicily. He has been one of the senior officers commanding combined op erations in the Mediterranean under Gen. Eisenhower. Headed Landing Operations. Known in the Royal Navy as "Dynamo,” the 60-year-old admiral also was in charge of the landing operations in North Africa. At the time of the Dunkerque operation he commanded British naval forces at Dover and was knighted for his achievement in bringing the Tommies home. For mer chief of staff of the British home fleet, he was placed on the retired list in 1938 after 40 years’ service and was recalled to active duty at the outbreak of this war. Czech President Benes Arrives in Teheran By the Associated Press. TEHERAN, Iran, Dec. 29. — Dr. Eduard Benes, president of the pro visional Czech government, has ar rived from Moscow by plane for an official visit in Iran, scene of the Roosevelt-Churchill-Stalin confer ence He will be the guest of the Shah. Banquets and celebrations by the imperial court and the Czech colony have been arranged. 'Mr. Wimple' Begins Navy Boot Training By the Associated Press. MILWAUKEE, Dec. 29.—William Henry Thompson, 30, radio come dian who was known to listeners as Mr, Wimple, Horatio K. Boomer and Nick De Populous, was inducted into the Navy here Monday and sent to Qreat Lakes Naval Training Sta tion for boot training. Mr. Thompson was sworn in here with other Chicagoans because the Navy recruiting offices in Chicago are overtaxed. Hi volunteered sev eral weeks ago to his Chicago draft board. Bolivian Government Offers 4-Point Plan For U.S. Co-operation By the Associated Press. Maj. Villarroel’s revolution-born Bolivian government offered a four point plan last night "to insure greater economic co-operation’’ with the United States, an overture im mediately interpreted here as an other bid for official recognition. The plan, announced by Dr. En rique de Lozada, Washington repre sentative of the new government, was outlined in a cable from La Pas. It cited these steps to be taken by the Villarroel administration: 1. Development of the petroleum industry with the technical help of United States experts with a view to making Bolivia self-sufficient in this field. 2. Immediate nationalization of firms owned by Axis nationals which are Included in United Nations blacklists. 3. Speedy conclusion of an agree ment with the United States for ex ploitation of Bolivian quinine, “which was unduly delayed by the previous government.” 4. Renewal of negotiations with the United States Metals Reserve Co. for purchase of Bolivian tin “at a somewhat higher price,-part of the increase being earmarked for improvement of the social and working conditions of the miners in Bolivia.” Hie State Department had no comment on the proposal. TROUSERS r. Mate* $4JS„ Odd CmO F EISEMAN’S—F at 7th Instltntloaal treataeat fat tilt an- I oral dart U rraalred ta cUaUaata I the erarlas and desire and alee ta ■ I create aa arerstea ta Aleehel ba all n Its tsias. fu Writ* or call tor trt* booklet I Ceatrelled. Operates aad liter- 1 Tiled kr licensed Fhrai'Iaas 1 Greenhill Institute I 3145 16rii St. N.W. 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