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Labor Backs Fourth Term
Roosevelt Can Count on United Support Due to Fear of Hostile GOP Nominee By DAVID LAWRENCE. Despite President Roosevelt’s conflicts with labor union leaders, he can count on the united support of the labor vote in the coming fourth-term campaign. While labor leaders feel they have been treated rather harshly at times by the War Labor Board or by the economic stabilizer's office, they do not believe that the Republican nominee will do any better lor them. Inside discussion among laboring men is that la bor must put up a strong battle for the Presi dent's re-elec tion, or someone hostile to labor will be in the White House. Looking over the list of Republi can nominees, nearly all of them have the blessing of the business world with the possible exception Of D»vid Lawrence. Wendell Willkie. And precisely be cause the Republican businessmen think Willkie might turn out to be another Roosevelt, they are fighting his nomination almost as intensely as they are planning to fight against Roosevelt's re-election. Every presidential nominee, of course, makes abstract statements about his friendliness to trade union ism and usually balances his state ments with the promise that he will protect the legitimate rights of labor. But thats a far different thing from President Roosevelt’s campaign promises. He merely draws attention to his actual record in office, which has been one of con sistent favoritism for labor. What ever deviations there have had to be, his defenders will be able to say, are due to wartime necessities. Once the war is over, labor will be back in favor with Mr. Roose velt for almost anything it asks. The Republican politicians, of course, have noted that the labor vote used to split about 55 to 45 with the majority usually favoring the Democratic ticket, but in 1936 the percentage went up beyond 70 and in some areas it was 80. The1 percentages declined somewhat in; 1940, but came nowhere near the normal of the Republican era. It will be argued that the labor vote didn't help the Democratic party in the last congressional elec tion. But it is a strange fact, never theless, that labor doesn't get out its vote for congressional elections as well as it does in presidential elections wnen the appeal can be made around a single personality at the top of the ticket. It will be recalled that in 1938 the Re publicans made decisive gains in Congress, but in 1940 they lost much of what they had gained. Likewise, in the off-year election of 1942, the Republicans gained again and it is the belief of the President's sup porters that the same thing will happen in 1944 when Mr. Roose velt heads the ticket as happened in 1940. The labor unions are getting ready to spend a good deal of money in the campaign to help Mr. Roose velt. The Federal Corrupt Practices Act has been amended to forbid con tributions by labor unions or the ac ceptance of any help from them, directly or indirectly, by any candi date for Federal office. But the j labor unions are going ahead just the same and making plans to help. They call it "educational” work. They probably won’t be prosecuted j —the Department of Justice doesn’t prosecute cases under this law for reasons best known to itself. Both the Republicans and the Democrats seem to avoid its enforcement, no matter which party is in power. The Republicans who believe vie-1 tory is assured for their nominee, particularly if it is Gov. Dewey, seem to feel that the negative vote will accomplish the purpose this time. It hasn’t before. In 1936, the Republicans expected that the dis content over the New Deal would elect a Republican. In 1940, they felt sure that the New Deal had been discredited and was ready for repudiation. To this day they feel that if total war hadn’t broken out in Europe in May, 1940. the Presi dent would have been defeated for a third term. But the fact is that the domestic discontent wasn't enough then. Will it be enough next year? The war will be on in full swing during 1944 and in many respects the peak of the whole military op eration may be expected during the very months when the political campaign is under way. Will the Irritations over rationing, resent ment of the favoritism given labor, discontent of families which have been told by isolationists that the war could have been avoided, and so on, add up in the end to a ma jority? This is the question which will be answered next November but, meanwhile, it can be taken for granted that labor in the war plants and all other plants will be under pressure from its leaders to support the President. Maybe the overseas vote will be the deciding influence. (Reproduction Rights Reserved.) Jap Offensive in 1944 Predicted From Tokio By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, Dec. 30.—Japan In 1944 will launch “an all-out offen sive to drive the last vestige of Anglo-American influence from Greater East Asia,” Sadao Iguchi, Japanese propagandist, declared in a Tokio broadcast today. The broadcast, recorded by the Office of War Information, said Japan had devoted her first year of war to “winning limitless resources,” and the second to “winning political solidification.” A Berlin broadcast said the Japanese in 1943 had "adhered to defensive tactics” mili tarily. ULCERS • GAS ACID STOMACH IRRITABLE COLON f=0==7n»]r be due to hyper |F If EE |*cidity. If so, these conditions can be quickly relieved by a new and revolutionary DRUGLESS treat ment developed by the stomach specialists of a prominent Chi cago Hospital. Leading doctors and hospitals have announced amazing results from this prep aration which was heretofore sold only on physicians’ pre scription. . . Now sufferers who clip this ad and bring it in can obtain a FREE Booklet of Doctor and Hospital Reports. Gener "us trial size of V. M. Tablets J1.00 THE VITA HEALTH FOOD CO. 619 12th St. N.W., 3040 14th St. N.W. Haskin's Answers to Questions Many readers send in questions to the Information Bureau signed only with initials, asking that the answers appear in the newspaper. The space is limited and would not accommodate a fraction or such requests. Besides the subject matter is often too per sonal to be of general interest. Send your question to The Star Information Bureau. Frederic J. Haskin. Director. Washington. D. C. Inclose stamp for return postage. By FREDERIC J. HASKIN. Q. Are any women doctors serv ing with the Army?—S. O. M. A. The War Department says that according to the latest published report 31 women doctors are serving in the Army. Q. In the past 100 years has a Republican President been elected without carrying New York?—T. H. A. No Republican President has been elected without carrying the State of New York. Q. What was the number of births, marriages and deaths per day last year?—L. C. E. A. According to the Bureau of the Census, in 1942 there were 6,881 births i provisional record), 4,600 marriages (estimated from reports of 20 States), and 3.824 deaths in the United States every 24 hours. Q. How long is the Great Wall of China?—A. F. W. A. It is more than 1,500 miles long. According to the National Geographic Magazine this wall, if transplanted to the United States, would extend from Philadelphia be yond Topeka, Kans., with spurs jut ting south into Virginia and Arkan sas. Q. Is it better to use hot or cold water to remove a stain?—K. F, G. A. Cold water should be tried; first. Hot water sets many stains j and makes them harder to remove. Q. What was the height of the highest wave ever observed in the open sea?—E. L. H. A. It is Impossible to make a definite statement since reports are not always reliable. However, care fully estimated wave heights of 112 and 119 feet were observed on the U. S. 6. Ramapo in the North Pa cific in February, 1933. Q. What is the coldest place in North America?—W. R. L. A. The coldest spot in North America in winter is the Upper Yu kon Valley and Lower Mackenzie Valley in northwestern Canada. Here the mean temperature is be low freezing for eight months of the year. Q. When a soldier buys a bond, how much time must elapse before he receives it?—S. E. S. A. The Finance Department of she Army, w'hich handles the sales >f war bonds to officers and en isted personnel, has changed its system with the result that bonds go to purchasers within 15 days after the end of the month for which completion of payment is made. Mighty New Drive To Expel Nazis Seen As Reds' 1944 Role (This is the third of a series of articles by Associated Press correspondents in London, sur veying the outlook of war in the coming year.) By JAMES M. LONG, Associated Press War Correspondent. LONDON, Dec. 30. — Marshal Stalin’s great 1943 offensive, which proved the German Army could be beaten in the summer as well as in the winter, has spent its force and the Red Army moves into the new year in what appears to be a cal culated positional campaign, pre paring for the final grand assault co-ordinated with the drive in West ern Europe. When the hour strikes, Russia's military might must be ready for the assignment it received at Te heran. The military consensus here is that that new assignment will be an even mightier offensive—intended to hurl the invaders from the last foot of Soviet soil from the Baltic to the Black Sea. It remains to be seen whether the Red Army will be able this winter to repeat the massive winter offensives which saved Moscow in 1941-42 and put the German army on the road to final defeat at Stalingrad in 1942 43, and still have the driving power for its part in the great onslaught promised for 1944 “from the east, west and south.” Drive Under Way Five Months. The summer offensive—one of the greatest of the whole war in gains and sizes of forces engaged—began in mid-July and has been under way without letup for five and a half months and without reverse, save for Marshal von Mannstein’s 40-mile counterattack west of Kiev. The Russians took only five months after the victory at Stalin grad to prepare this onslaught; if the 1944 blow falls as early as most believe, Stalin will have even fewer months to prepare. This time, too, the Russians have (even greater problems of supply and j communication. They are operating ;in country which has been under I the swastika since 1941. This is I country where the Germans had 'time to cut down the wide-gauge Russian railway trackage to the German standard narrow gauge over which Russian trains cannot roll. In recent months, the Rus sians have been forced to rely almost entirely on endless columns of trucked supplies moved up over im provised roads, first hub-deep in mud and then deep-drifted with snow. The Germans, although handi capped by the loss of north-south rail lines for shifting troops and supplies laterally behind the lines, still have adequate east-west lines through Poland up to the front from the deep rear depots. Continuance Based on Opportunism. Probably, continuance of the 1943 'offensive this close to the opening | of the 1944 grand assault has been PIANOS FOR RENT Largest Selection in the City NA. 3223 JORDAN’S—1015—7th St. N.W. dictated only by opportunism, ap parently bom of weakness of the German secondary systems between the Dnieper River and the old Polish and Rumanian frontiers. Finding these lines crumbling, the Red Army generals apparently agreed that the advantage to be gained by exploiting the breaches to move into positions flanking the Bug and Berezina River barriers fully offset the resultant shortening of the time in which to mass men and guns for the big 1944 push. The relative weight allotted and direction taken in these wedges through the German defense sys tem afford the best keys to the 1944 offensive plans. Two great offensive fronts are shaping up for the New Year—one on a beeline route for Berlin through the middle of White Russia toward Minsk, the gateway to Poland; and the other, 500 miles to the south through the middle Ukraine on the shortest route to Rumanian-held Bessarabia and the sidedoor to ihe Balkans. Menace to Backdoor of Berlin. The White Russian offensive with its direct menace to the backdoor of Berlin would engage vast Ger man defensive forces from the Baltic ! pawn states to the Pripet Marshes. Three Russian armies have laid the groundwork for this assault: Yeremenko Is driving toward >he Latvian border north of the Smo lensk road: Popov Is smashing to ward the center of the Berezina line south of the Smolensk road; and Rokossovsky already is flanking the lower Berezina northwest of Gomel. The middle Ukraine offensive has a double dc'.ign: Rousing uneasy Rumania and Bulgaria to open alarm In Hitler’s southeastern Euro pean camp and bringing the Red Army into position for flanking support to any Allied thrust into the Balkans from the south. Again, the Russians have moved three armies into position. Konev and Malinovsky are hitting head on toward the Bug, and Tolbukhin, on the lower Dnieper, is facing Odessa. It is at the hinge of these two fronts that Von Mannstein tried to split the Russian line ir: the great tank battles of the Kiev bulge and was held by Vatutin’s massed mobile artillery and his first army of the Ukraine. Just 2 drops PenetroA Nose Crops in each I nostril help you I breathe freer almost I Instantly, so your I head cold gets air. I Only 26c—214 times aa I much for 60c. Caution: I Use only as directed. I Penetro Nose Drops J na ^ Y. M. S. 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Impounding of Records | Sought in Fowler Case Frank 8. Fowler, Jail inmate, who on December 22 filed a suit against Orman W. Ewing charging assault and claiming Ewing had been given a birthday party at the jail, late yesterday filed a motion in District Court asking that the jail records be impounded. The motion stated the Jail records will show that Ewing, sentenced for criminal assault, has been permitted 1,500 to 2,000 visits in jail. The suit claimed Ewing assaulted ?§gj S To Believe Dandruff Dryness. B ■ Oiliness. Fallins Hair I ■ 41 years' experience Best available I ■ modern equipment Nominal rates E m Exclusive men's department, sepa- E ■ rate entrance. ■ ■ Margaret E. Scheetze, Inc. V J 1146 Conn. Ave. N.W Nat’l 2«2fl B Fowler in the jail last month and asked $6,666.66 damages. It also asked for an injunction to require James V. Bennett, director of the Federal Bureau of Prisons, and Ray L. 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LIVING ROOM VALUES GREATLY REDUCED Reg. 79.50 Modern Sofa Bed opens to full size. With bedding comportment. Floor a aa sta sample. Reduced to__ O'll.OU Reg. 325.00 Handsome Modern 2-piece Living Room Suite. Upholstered in 100°o wool oiq* aa boucle. Floor sample. Reduced to _ Reg 169.00 Modern 2-piece Living Room Suite. Beautiful decorator's upholstery. Floor a l l a aa sample. Reduced to _ Reg. 259.00 Channel Arm Modern 2-piece Living Room Suite. Carefully tailored in c-g va aa heavy cotton textured fabric. Reduced to .. .. SlOO.IftP Reg. 159.95 Heywood Wokefield 2-piece Champagne Living Room Suite. Wool boucle os iw g-A upholstery. Reduced to_® Reg. 189.50 2-piece Modern Living Room Suite. Woodrose kinkiglo upholstery. R«- tSllfk AA varsible spring seat cushions. Reduced to __ ___ _ __ Reg. 24.50 Modern Lounge Chairs. Carefully tailored. As is. Floor samples. Reduced $13.70 to ___ Reg. 49.50 Modern Lounge Chairs; bleached finish; excellent decorator's upholstery, gag gja Reduced to _____ Reg. 12.50 Bleached Modem Lamp Table. Floor sample. Reduced to_ - $8.88 Reg. 11.75 Bleached Modern Cocktail Table. Sturdy construction. Reduced to .... $7.98 Reg. 59.50 Herman Miller Modern Toasted Mahogany Utility Bookcase. Floor sample a a a mm Reduced to......... 9«V.7o ^•9- 59.95 Bleoched Mohogany Modern Table Desk, genuine leather top. Reduced to_ $47.98 Reg. 29.50 Modern All-Walnut Tilt-Top Console Table.’ Opens to bridge table size aia mm Reduced to _____* $18.75 BEDROOM VALUES GREATLY REDUCED Reg. 119.00 Set of Twin Modern Bleached Beds. Floor samples. Both for_ $39 93 Reg. 198.50 Modern Walnut Waterfall Four-Piece Bedroom Suite. Large mirrors on e,«a dresser and vanity. Reduced to 91 •19.5(1 Reg. 219.00 4-Piece Modern Bedroom Suite. Hand Rubbed finish. Reduced to_$149.95 Reg 179.50 4-Piece Twin Modern Bedroom Suite. 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