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Windy, warmer, light rain tonight. To morrow clearing, continued windy, moderate temperature. Temperatures today—Highest, 39, at 1:30 p.m.; lowest, 32, at 2 a.m. Yester day—Highest, 38, at 5:55 p.m.; lowest, 25, at 7:55 a.m. Lote New York Markets, Page A-9. V Guide for Readers Page. Amusements _.A-10 Comics.B-10-11 Editorials .A-6 Edltl Articles ..A-7 Finance .A-» Lost and Found.A-3 Page. Obituary _A-S Radio .B-ll Society ..B-3 Sports.A-ll Where to Go ...A-8 Woman’s Page __B-7 An Associated Press Newspaper 92a YEAR. No. 36,405. WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, JANUARY 3, 1944-TWENTY-FOUR PAGES. *** graSS. THKEE CENTS. Eg* | If jj 1,000 More Tons of Bombs Rain On Berlin in New RAF Assault; Reds May Reach Poland Today Attack Is Described As 'One of Worst' Dealt to Capital By the Associated Press. LONDON, Jan. 3.—Berlin, the RAF’s first target for 1944, suf fered its second 1,000-ton attack of the new year today as British airmen delivered their 10th great blow against the German capital The newest assault came while fires still tvere burning from yester day’s big raid and while Germar rescue workers still were digging dead and injured from the ruins. The Air Ministry said 28 aircrafl were lost in today's Berlin raid Mosquito stabs in Western Germany and Northern France and mine-lay ing operations in enemy waters. The second assault was made aftei the big bombers fought their waj through the stiffest fighter and anti aircraft resistance encountered ir many weeks, returning airmen said "The flak was so thick we coulc have stuck our wheels dow'n anc ridden on it,” was the way Flighi Sergt. M. Sherman of Toronto de scribed the heavy antiaircraft fin thrown up by ground defenses. Two large concentrations of fire were left roaring in Berlin, the com munique said, and Swedish dis patches declared the capital had hac "one of its worst nights” since the campaign to destroy Berlin begar November 18. Suburbs of Nice Attacked. At the same time the Vichy radic said the suburbs of Nice in South ern France had been attacked by British or American planes. The broadcast gave no date for the at tack, however. About 21 hours elapsed between the two attacks on Berlin, but Swed ish correspondents said the menace of delayed action bombs had kept residents of the city in shelters until 3 p.m. yesterday and that less than eight hours later the sirens were shrieking again. The main blow fell several hours later, however. Swedish reports said Hitler’s luxurious new chancellery on the Wilhelmplat was one of the places hit in the aerial barrage which struck first at the outlying industrial areas and then worked to the official and residential areas in the heart of the capital. Iv was regarded as extremely doubtful that Hitler was near to witness the damage, however, and the dispatches did not say how badly the building was ^recked. The Tempelhof airdrome area was re ported to have been hit heavily again. 15.880 Tons Dropped. Berlin has now received more than 15,880 tons of bombs in the 10-raid knockout campaign, and between 20,000 and 25,000 tons of explosives and incendiaries since January, 1943. As an example of the destructive power of the ex plosives dumped on the Nazi nerve center, only about 11,000 tons of bombs were used in virtually wiping Hamburg from the map. A Berlin announcement said briefly that “fresh devastations were caused in several districts” in the "terror attack against the popu lation of the Reich capital.” While the big bombers were over Germany yesterday, RAF aircralt at home were chasing a handful of German planes which raided Eng land, Four of the attackers were shot down. Bombs fell in a South east England residential district, in juring a few persons. Some of the planes got through to the London area, causing an alert but accomp lishing little else. In spite of bad weather, the RAF in today's raid on Berlin struck around 3 a.m., hurling down a ter rific load of high explosives and incendiaries which greatly aug mented the previous devastation of official and residential sections. Defenses Disrupted. Swedish reports indicated Berlin's defenses were being thoroughly dis rupted by canny RAF strategy. A Swedish expert in air-raid pro tection who was in Berlin during the November 22 attack when 2,300 tons were dropped said enormous fire damage was done because the (See RAIDS, Page A-2.) Brazilians Off to Front RIO DE JANEIRO, Jan. 3 UP).— Flying in several transport planes, a group of fighter pilots and ground troops of the Brartttan Air Force departed today for an un specified war front—the first Bra zilians to leave for active operations abroad. The group was under com mand of Maj. Nero Moura. Bank Deposits Drop $6,494,000 in D, C. As Year Closes Disclosing a small drop of $6, 494,874 at the year’s end, de posits in Washington banks to taled $708,063,134 on December 31, 1943, it was learned today after a condition call issued by the controller of the currency. Heavy War Bond buying, De cember income tax payments, usual year-end withdrawals for many purposes and some level ing off in retail trade Were as signed by bankers is the chief reasons for the slight decline. The banks ended 1943 with sharp gains in deposits for the full year. (Details in tlon.) * * ° P'*—■■ ' .I * American Troops Land at Saidor, On New Guinea Harbor and Airfield Captured in Third Strike in 18 Days i (Map on Page A-2.) By the Associated Press. ADVANCED ALLIED HEAD QUARTERS, New Guinea, Jan. 3.—American forces have landed at Saidor, New Guinea, captured the harbor and airfield and pinched off Japanese forces j struggling in the jungle against advancing Australian troops, Gen. Douglas MacArthur an nounced today. The landing, third offensive strike by Gen. MacArthur's troops in 18 days, is a testimonial to the swelling power of Allied arms against the Japanese and to Gen. MacArthur’s ability to catch the en emy by surprise. First reports from the landing scene, on the north coast of New! i Guinea, indicated the Japanese of fered no opposition to the operation by Michigan and Wisconsin troops I comprising elements of the 32d Di ; vision, and only slight opposition after the air strip fell. The new American beachhead lies 155 airline miles southeast of the big (See PACIFIC, Page A-2.) Heavy Fighting Rages :As Canadians Drive To Range of Pescara Snow and Winds Limit Land Operations; Rivieria Rail Lines Bombed Bj the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Algiers, Jan. 3.—Heavy fighting raged north of Oronta where Canadian troops have fought their way to within nine miles and artillery range of the Stra tegic Adriatic port of Pescara, Allied headquarters announced today. Elsewhere in Italy rain, snow and high winds limited ground opera-1 tions to patrolling, but strong forces of medium boombers attacked rail i communications at Taggia, Ven I timiglia and Arma Riva on the Italian Riviera yesterday, while ! other medum bombers attacked the i rail yards at Terni, 49 miles north-1 east of Rome, causing explosions and fires. ! An air communique said fighters and fighter bombers caused “wide-1 spread damage” in sweeps against motor transports and rolling stock on roads in the battle area. Two Allied aircraft were lost in the operations. Stalled Nazi Trucks Shot Up. Thirty-eight snowbound German trucks were shot up in the Apennines by Spitfires, Warhawks and Kitty hawks attacking convoys between Pescara and Avezzano and near Chieti. Sheets of flame burst from the Terni Iron Works and barracks after I the attack there. Bridges were believed to have been hit in the attacks along the coast east of Nice at Ventimiglia, Taggia and Arma Riva. Three bomb hits were scored on a warehouse and a schooner at San Benedetto on the east coast, and the docks at Civitavecchia, northwest of Rome, and the railway yards at An agni. 35 miles southeast of Rome, (See ITALY, Page A-27) Prof. Holdsworth Dies LONDON, Jan. 3 (/P).—Sir William Holdsworth, 72, professor of law at Oxford who was honored at Har vard and other American universi ties on a 1927 lecture tour, died yes terday. Soviet Army 10 Miles From Border; Other Advances Scored (Map on Page A-3.) By the Associated Press. LONDON, Jan. 3.—Russia’s tri umphant 1st Ukraine Army sped on today virtually in sight of old Poland after the capture of Poy aski, last main fortified strong point on the Kiev-Warsaw rail way, 10 miles from the border. In some places Gen. Nikolai Va tutin's forces have been advancing as much as 17 miles a day, a pace which if continued in the Poyaski sector would place them inside old Poland today. At the same time other units of Gen. Vatutin's advancing army surged southwestward toward Zhme rinka, key rail junction on the Odessa-Warsaw rail line serving the lower Ukraine, less than 50 miles from the Rumanian frontier. Line Appears to Be Crumbling. The whole German line from Korosten south to Berdichev ap peared to be crumbling before the Red Army onslaught and the ex hausted remnants of Marshal Fritz von Mannstein's once imposing army of 22 divisions were being slashed to ribbons. (To the southeast of Korosten, Gen. Vatitin’s advance columns have smashed into the ap proaches of Novograd-Volynski. railway center about 15 miles from the old Polish border and last important obstacle between the Soviet forces in the Zhito mir sector and the prewar boun dary. Premier Stalin announced in Moscow today. (Red Star, the Russian Army newspaper, declared the situation is "very serious" for the Ger mans. who were counterattacking with large tank and infantry forces.) Material Abandoned. The Russian communique told of tremendous stores of Nazi war ma terial being abandoned—fleets of tanks, parks of field guns, armored carriers, trucks, rolling stock and huge ammunition dumps—and re ported that more than 4,000 Ger mans were killed yesterday on this front alone. Prison cages behind the Russian lines were filled to overflowing and “long lines of German prisoners, uhderfed and gray from privations, and many suffering from frostbite,” a Moscow broadcast said in empha sizing the desperate plight of the retreating Nazis. (The Moscow radio, in a broad cast recorded in New York by the Federal Communications Com mission, quoted Stockholm sources as asserting that Gen. Kurt Zeitzler, chief of the Ger man army general staff, and Gen. Alfred Jodi, Adolf Hitlers per sonal military adviser, had ar rived at Marshal von Mannstein's headquarters on the Russian front. (Gen. Jodi, the broadcast said, had been given "very great pow ers” by Hitler, including author ity to remove army commanders from their posts.) 45 Miles From Latvia. The rampaging Soviet forces also were reported advancing far to the north in White Russia. There, the 1st Baltic Army was said to be less than 45 miles from Latvia after storming 40 villages and killing 3.000 Nazis north and northwest of Ne val, in a drive helping to encircle the German-held bastion of Vitebsk. In the drive on Poland west of Korosten, Gen. Vatutin’s northern wing yesterday swept up more than 150 tow'ns and villages for a gain of 17 miles, the Moscow communique reported. Other fast striking spearheads swept through areas northwest of Berdichev, former headquarters of Marshal von Mannstein, and fall of that strategic center 25 miles below captured Zhitomir was expected hourly, dispatches from the front indicated. Below Berdichev, now outflanked, (See RUSSIA, Page~A^T) ~ Mrs. Roosevelt Wants Slogan 'Born of Human Needs' Mrs. Roosevelt is “sort of tired” of the term “New Deal” and would like it changed to a term meaning “continuing interest in universal human needs,” she said at a press conference today. The President’s wife was asked to comment on her husband's state ment to a Cleveland newsman recently that he wanted to change the slogan “New Deal” to “Win the War." Mrs. Roosevelt replied: “The New Deal has become rather a stable and permanent thing in many ways.” As a matter of fact she added, “some of the things about it are rather old.” Although she was not willing to coin a new phrase herself, she rec ommended that the next slogan should go even further than her husband’s suggestion. “I would like to make it a con tinuous thing.” she declared. “You might talk about continuation of interest in human needs in the future—which will be necessary for economic wellbeing of our people, not just a charitable thing.” Just as the New Deal was "born of human needs,” she concluded, she believed the new slogan should be born of human needs, too. She would not say, however, that the term New Deal is completely use less. “I don’t think any one has laid it away in lavender,” she said, except for a "few things” which Congress had not thought it neces sary to continue. The discussion of her opinion of the New Deal was interrupted twice by newspaperwomen checking on stories printed about Mrs. Roose velt’s trip to the South Pacific. When asked about her reported ap pearance at a beer garden in New Caledonia where she was supposed to have made the statement that the boys might prefer to be walking the streets at home but that the President had given them the "priv ilege” of walking the streets of To klo. “I never made such a statement,” (See MRS. ROOSEVELT, Page A-2.) TkE Thinker. ....AND SOME OFHtS THOUGHTS .. 'IT - aLoMjU4 's£vi/CJ, A&<Hl£ctpcf Xfa G?mma*tdet-/in-CAie£ ^ AtlC jtfu fotAyb/t ?. . -fuCtX st£t A^AtJiAs&Cd.... tjSI ..m) si?atuf wvndvL/tfit j jr' sdtuJttAd tfuturntpt sit ?.,_^ ... ivt ftiu?/i At tit aJm£t " (Qu/l sur/lu.' ' sMrit stfcj(AJL T/KTUs £rnidui4Aij A?7ts 0xit /9/Med? y . -. 7 I Early Says President, Strike Critic Appear Agreed on Dangers Declares They Seemed To Have Been Thinking Along the Same Lines' Ey the Associated Press. Presidential Secretary Stephen Early said today President Roosevelt seemed “to have been thinking along the same lines” as the high official who asserted that the rail and steel contro versies had strengthened Ger man morale and will to resist. Mr. Early cited remarks Mr. Roosevelt made to chiefs of the rail road brotherhoods December 23, tell ing them that if they could not take action by agreement, he would have to act himself and that he was "thinking about the American forces all over the world who are trying to win this war.” Asked by a reporter whether it was a fair deduction that the Presi dent had been advancing to some degree the view subsequently ex pressed by the anonymous Govern ment authority, Mr. Early replied: "I don't know whether there is any relation or connection. One probably is a little bit more military than the other, you see. That is his responsibility, entirely and com pletely. and so is it the President's as commander in chief. statement Denounced. “I don't think they are connected or related except as they seem to haye been thinking along the same lines.” The anonymous statement New Year eve that the strike situations and the taking over of the railroads by the Government may have de layed victory over Germany was de nounced by railroad union leaders who said they would ask the Tru man Committee of the Senate to investigate the source. «. Mr. Early said that so far as he known no formal demand has been received at the White House that the individual who discussed the strike situation be identified. One union chief declared the statement was "resented bitterly” and that he and his associates would "take very definite steps to find out the source.” Refers to Transcript. Mr Early referred to a transcript of what the President had told rail brotherhood chieftains December 2a, a week before they had scheduled a strike growing out of a wage con troversy. “We have now come to an action date,” Mr. Early quoted the Chief Executive as saying. “We have been talking here since Sunday. If you can’t take action by agreement I will have to take action myself.” The presidential secretary said he had noticed that some people had appeared to be surprised when Mr. Roosevelt ordered Government sei zure of the railways, and that he had always wondered where the surprise element came in, since the Chief Executive had been so plain and blunt to the union executives. Quoted Further. Mr. Early quoted the President as saying further: “I am thinking about the Ameri can forces all over the world who are trying to win this war. They must be sustained and they will be sustained. The overwhelming ma jority, 99 per cent, of the American people want our forces, who are try ing to win this war. sustained.” The President told the labor offi cials the war could not wait and he as commander in chief, could not wait^ so “I am going down the list of those here,and I am going to ask you a very simple question. I want to know whether you have any ob jections to my deciding this con troversy and whether you will agree at the same time that you will abide by my decision.” Strikes Called "Tragedy.” The Government figure, who stip ulated that his name was not to be used, described the labor dis (Bee STRIKES, Pag* A-B.) President Names Three to Probe FEPC-Southern Rails Dispute North Carolina Justice to Head Group Investigating Job Equality for Negroes I President Roosevelt today es tablished a three-man board— ■ headed by Chief Justice Walter 1P. Stacy of the Supreme Court of North Carolina—to study the issue raised by the refusal of Southern railroads to obey an order by the Fair Employment Practices Committee to give Negroes equal employment op portunities with white persons. The President declared that "no discriminations” should be permitted to interfere with the most effective use of manpower to bolster “the major military offensives now' planned.” The matter was certified to the President on December 27 by the committee, which said that 14 Southern railroads and three unions were opposing the order. Plans Meeting Soon. Serving with Judge Stacy on the committee will be Judge William Holly of the United States District Court, Chicago, and Maj. John Lauche of Cleveland. In. letters to the three members. President Roose velt said he planned to call a meet ing of this committee with repre sentatives of carrier and labor or ganizations here shortly. And he expressed confidence "that agree ments shaped in good sense and good will can be reached." The President said: "I have received from the Fair (See-FEPC. Page A~2J Curley and Six Others Reindicted Here on Mail Fraud Charges True Bills Restate Accusations Made Last September ! A new indictment charging Representative James M. Curley, Democrat, and former Governor of Massachusetts, and six other officers and employes of Engi neers’ Group, Inc., with violating the mail fraud statute in the operation of an alleged “Gov ernment war contracts' broker age racket,” was returned today by a Federal grand jury for the District of Columbia. Six of the seven defendants were indicted on identical charges on September 16, 1943, but the indict :ment was’set aside on November 1. on the technical grounds that the order impanelling the grand jury had not been signed by the chiel ! justice or the senior associate justice of the District Court. Those indicted in addition to Mr. Curley, president of the organization until December 29. 1941, are: Donald Wakefield Smith, former member of the National War Labor Board, who was treasurer, vice presi dent, assistant secretary and direc tor. Marshall J. Fitzgerald, Chicago and Washington, secretary and di rector. James G. Puller, formerly ,of Washington but now serving a five year term in a Federal penitentiary for sending fraudulent securities [through the mails, executive vice [president and director. James Barton Underwood, for j merly of Washington but now serv ing with the Greek Army at .Cairo, Egypt,- president and director dur ing January and February, 1942. Bert Hall, Dallas, Tex., and Tulsa, Okla., vice president and director. David E. Desmond of Boston, sales man for Engineers’ Group, Inc. / Failure to Produce Charged. The indictment charges that oral ly and in correspondence sent through the mails between June 20, 1941, and February 28, 1942, jthe de fendants "falsely and fradplently” represented themselves as being an experienced and competent firm of consulting engineers with special facilities and qualifications for securing war contracts from the Government. The indictment further charges that the defendents had little or no experience of the sort claimed and fcould not and did not produce any of the services for which they were paid. Retainer fees of as much as $7,500 were accepted from clients and con-1 tracts were entered into calling for commissions of as much as 8 per cent on all contracts secured. Attorney General Biddle said. The indictment further alleges (See CURLET, Page A-5.) Jap Power in Pacific Is Scarcely Dented, Gen. Edson Warns Says Enemy Still Holds Everything It Sought At Start of War A stern warning to the Ameri can people that Allied forces scarcely have dented Japanese power in the Pacific was issued today by Brig. Gen. Merritt A. Edson, recently returned from the bloody battle of Tarawa, where he served as a Marine Corps, observer. Gen. Edson. who lives at 2936 Bellevue Terrace, reminded corre spondent at a press conference that the Japanese have lost practically nothing in this war and that they have everything they started out to get. He also said enemy casualties have been “very light” compared to its total forces. Interviewed in the office of*Lt. Gen. Alexander A. Vandegrift. 'ma rine commandant. Gen. Edson said he was anxious to correct certain misapprehensions that have been spread concerning the three-day assault on Tarawa. He pointed out that American shock forces had not misjudged the action of the tide. Information about the tide at Tarawa, he said, was sketchy at best and those direct ing the attack had planned for the (See EDSON Page A-2.) 163 Saved, 108 Hurt; Men Hurled Into Sea; City Shaken by Blast Origin Is Undetermined; Vessel Abandoned After Fire Rages for Hour By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, Jan. 3.—A United States destroyer sank in lower New York Bay today after an explosion of unde termined origin which shook many sections of the metro politan area and awakened thousands before dawn. There were at least 163 survivors, including 108 in jured. Fifty-four of them, many with third-degree burns, were at the Army hospital at Fort Hancock, N. J. There was no announcement regarding loss of life. The war time complement of a destroyer, depending on the type, varies from 150 to 300 men. The explosion, which occurred at 6:18 a.m. as the ship, which anchored three hours earlier 6 miles northeast of Sandy Hook, N. J., was preparing to move, was so terrific, the Navy said, that men were blown oversides. U.S. Courts Restricted In Passing on Rates Of Power Commission Supreme Tribunal Says Only Claims of Unjust Effect Can Get Hearing By the Associated Press. The Supreme Court ruled to day that Federal courts are barred from passing upon a rate order by the Federal Power Com mission unless the "total effect” of the order might be “unjust and unreasonable.” Justice Douglas delivered the 5-3 decision which referred to the fact i that the tribunal earlier had held that "the commission was not bound to the use of any single formula or combination of formulae in de termining rates.” That 1942 ruling was widely in terpreted at the time as leaving Federal rate-making agencies free to use the 'prudent investment” theory of rate making which long was advocated by the late Justice Louis D. Brandeis. Douglas States View. After referring to the 1942 opinion Justice Douglas said: “If the total effect of the raie order cannot be said to be unjust and unreasonable, judicial inquiry under the act is at an end. “The fact that the method em ployed to reach that result may contain infirmities is not. then im portant. Moreover, the commis sion's order does not become suspect by reason of the fact that it is challenged. It is the product of expert judgment which carries a presumption of validity. And he who would upset the rate order un der the act carries the burden of making the convincing showing that it is invalid because it is un just and unreasonable in its conse quences.” The decision specifically upheld a Federal Power Commission order directing the Hope Natural Gas Co. to reduce its rates by $3,609,857 an nually on natural gas consumed in Cleveland and Akron, Ohio, and in the Pittsburgh area. Justices Frankfurter. Reed and Jackson dissented and Justice Rob erts did not participate. Not Subject to Review. The majority opinion also held that findings by the commission as to lawfulness of past rates in Cleve land were not subject to judicial re- j view under the present proceedings. Justice Douglas asserted that “the rate-making process under the act, I i.e.. the fixing of 'just and reason able' rates involves a balancing of the investor and the consumers’ in terest.” The justice added it was not “im jportant to this case to determine the various permissable ways in which any rate base on which the return is computed might be arrived at.” “For we are of the view,” Justice (See POWER-Page”\~2.) ■ ' „ --- ■ - ■ I 700-Gallon Gasoline Cache Vanishes as Police Guard It Office of Price Administration officials today asked for a Fed eral warrant to permit investiga tion of the ownership of a cache of 700 gallons of gasoline found in Falls Church yesterday, but the gasoline, meanwhile, had disappeared from under the noses of a police guard. Sergt. Gabriel J. Weetman of the Palls Church police first said-a police guard, posted over the cache at a vacant lot next to 205 Forest drive, had remained there all night. The gasoline, he said, was taken without the police becoming aware of it. He said the lot is wooded, and the gas oline “must have been taken from the opposite side from where the guard was posted. The disappear ance was discovered when police took a photographer to the scene today. Police later hinted they knew who took the gasoline and pointed out that, since there was no evi dence of any law breaking, they could only prevent trespassers from going on to the lot. Any one “hav ing authority" to go on the lot, they said, could not be barred. Sergt. Weetman said the cache— consisting of four 50-gallon drums and twenty 25-gallon drums—was j reported to police by a group of boys who had discovered one of the con- I tainers buried in the lot while they j were digging slit trenches during a game of war. County OPA officials were noti fied, Sergt. Weetman ^aid, and the police guard was posted. Some time! after midnight, however, the gaso line disappeared. Sergt. Weetman said there is no I town ordinance that would prohibit1 the storage of that amount of gas-j oline on a vacant lot. He said a new ordinance, which is not yet in force, limits the amount of inflam mable products which can be stored in the town. J. Ray Larcombe, district OPA enforcement attorney, said the OPA wants to know who owns the gaso line and if it was acquired illegally. He said he would continue today to attempt to track down the owner and that nearby residents would be questioned. According to county land records, the lot where the gasoline was found is owned by William Wendell, who lives at 205 Forest drive. Mrs. Wendell, however, disclaimed any knowledge that the gasoline had been found near her home. Bridge i onapses. The 3d Naval District gave thil description of the explosion: ‘‘All communications on the ship were disrupted. The mast toppled, the bridge buckled and collapsed and one man said he saw the barrel of the forward 5-inch gun go whirl ing through the air. “Many men were blown oversides into the water by the blast. “There was no disorder and fire fighting companies were organized. "After the blast engineers secured the No. 1 boiler and left No. 4 on to keep light, power and steam up. “The ship was ablaze forward and in the bridge. Fire fighters could get no closer than the number one stack. “Survivors said she seemed to break in two under the number two gun turret.” Ship Ordered Abandoned. Coast Guard craft went to the scene. One nosed into the side of the ship and ran lines aboard, the Navy said, taking survivors aboard their boats. The fire was fought until 7:05 am. when the ship was ordered abandoned. “She went dpwn soon after,” the Navy said. It was the first wartime sinking of a naval vessel so close to New York. Although the official announce ment reported only one blast, resi dents of the boroughs of Brooklyn, Queens and of North New Jersey communities said they heard others. Windows Broken in Stores. Hundreds telephoned police head quarters and newspaper offices for information. Some said the blast (See EXPLOSIONTPage A-5.) Margin of 1 Degree Averts Icy Streets Continued Rain and Rising Temperature Due j Washingtonians escaped another 'nightmare of ice-caked streets and | sidewalks today by the narrow mar gin of 1 degree of temperature. th« Weather Bureau reported, as a j heavy curtain of rain came down on the Eastern Seaboard. A light snow and sleet last night preceded the rain. Continued rain is forecast today and tonight with slowly rising tem perature. It also will be windy, with breezes expected to clear the cloud laden atmosphere tomorrow. Snow and freezing rain were re jported in Front Royal, Va.; Mar itinsburg, W. Va., and Baltimore. I Lynchburg and Roanoke. Va.. were i reported under a heavy glaze of i freezing rain. The 'Weather Bureau j reported a half-inch of rain in the j letter area, freezing solidly. Neither airplane nor bus traffic | was interrupted by the weather, however. Early morning flights at the National Airport were on time 'and no curtailment of plane travel I was anticipated. Visibility was said to be good and the danger of ice at high altitudes was expected to be dispelled by climbing thermometers. Bus dispatchers at local depots said schedules were on time, with no delays reported in any areas af fected by the rain. A light snow began falling in Washington last night about 10 o’clock. It changed over to sleet be tween 1 and 2 a.m., and was followed by rain. The temperature at that time dropped to a low of 33 degrees I and a point lower would have re sulted in another traffic-paralyzing | freeze. The District forecaster predicted I the temperature would hold at ap proximately 38 degrees today and i tonight, rising to about 44 degree* 'tomorrow with the return of fair j weather. Postwar Veteran Plans Forum Subject “Plans for Veterans After the War’’ will be discussed on I the National Radio Forum to night by Senators Wiley, Re publican, of Wisconsin and Thomas, Democrat, of Utah. The speakers will be inter viewed by Edward Boykin, who will conduct the Forum. The National Radio Forum is a Blue Network program, arranged by The Star and broadcast locally over The Star station, WMAL, at 10:30 pan.