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Fair, colder; temperature about 30 to night. Tomorrow fair, slightly colder. Temperatures today—Highest, 39, at noon; lowest, 36, at 4 a.m. Yes terday—Highest, 43, at 12:01 p.m.; low est, 37, at 10 a.m. Late New York Markets, Page A-17. '.a .‘i Guide for Reorders rage. Alter Dark-'fe-8i Amusements.. A-12 Comics.B-14-15 Editorials. A-8 Finance....A-17 Lost and Found A-3 Page. Obituary. A-lt Jiadio-. B-15 Society.B-3 Sports_A-14-15 Where to Go... B-18 Woman’s Page. BIO An Associated Press Newspaper 92d YEAR. No. 36,408. WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, JANUARY 6, 1944—THIRTY-FOUR PAGES. *** SygS. THREE CENTS. iSZSZT’ Fifth Army Launches Offensive, Smashes Way Into San Vittore; Nazi Resistance to Reds Rises Hand-to-Hand Battle Rages in Italian Town (Map on Page A-3.) By the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Al giers, Jan. 6.—Mud-caked Amer ican troops, opening a long awaited 5th Army offensive with British troops on a 10-mile front in driving sleet and rain, have smashed and battered their way inside the pillbox maze of San Vittore, where they are fighting the Germans hand-to-hand for possession of the remaining half of the town, Allied headquarters announced today. The American and British ground forces, supported by large forces of American Invader divebombers which penetrated low-hanging clouds to bomb the enemy's gun positions, advanced an average of a mile in the first day of their offensive on the 10-mile front, headquarters reported. The advance was on a front 5 miles wide on either side of the Via Casilina, the main road to Cassino and Rome. British Surge Forward. The British surged forward in the 5-mile southern half of the sector from a point west of Rocca, while the Americans swept down from the heights around San Vittore on the north side of the road west of Venafro. Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark's offensive which broke weeks of minor activity along the Italian front started under dripping, wind-swept skies Tuesday night. San Vittore, 6 miles from Cas sino, had been cenverted into a fortress with every house a pillbox and with the Germans dug into winecellars where the terrific batter ing of Allied artillery could not reach them. The entire town was a system of fortifications and tank traps. But by noon yesterday the Ameri cans had driven through the outer defenses and taken half the town. Violent hand-to-hand conflict was taking place for the other half. German Fire Heavy. Dispatches from the front said the Germans opened up the fiercest j artillery and mortar fire in many w eeks as the British and Americans rose from their positions and began their offensive. "The Germans are fighting bit terly for every inch of ground in their customary style, but have been driven back at least a mile in most places," a military spokesman said. The Allied difficulties were in creased by rain which swelled the watercourses again, by snow in the mountains and by sleet which threw a clammy blanket on expected air support. But despite the hazards, the American A-36 Invaders roared in under the clouds, skipping just above the ground at 300 miles an hour, to strafe and bomb the enemy’s emplacements. Because of their speed the in vaders were unable to observe ac curately the damage they did, but Capt. James H. Cooper of Ruther ford. N. J.. who led one mission, iSeelTALY-Page A-167) 1,000 Massacred by Nazis At Kalavrita, Greeks Say By the Associated Press. CAIRO, Jan. 6.—The exiled Greek government today said the Germans had massacred more than 1,000 residents of Kalavrita and destroyed the historic convents of Mega Spileon and Agia Lavra. The Greeks said all males over 12 years old W'ere ordered assembled in a large space outside Kalavrita on Peloponnesus to "listen to a speech” which turned out to be the chatter of machine guns. Later, the Greeks said, women and chil dren of the town were compelled to assemble in a school which was set afire. The statement said scores died in the panic. Houses then were plundered by soldiers. The convents were said to have been set upon and 15 monks mistreated and thrown into a ra vine, the statement said. Hoppenot Reported Called To Algiers for Consultation By the Associated Press. ALGIERS, Jan. 6.—Henry Etienne Hoppenot, previously reported about to be replaced as the French Na tional Committee's delegate to Washington, has been recalled to Algiers, ostensibly for consultations, it was learned reliably today. These sources said that the French delegate would be asked for a report on Washington's attitude toward the committee’s plan for a provi sional government for liberated France, but asserted most De Gaull ists feel he does not properly rep resent them and hence may be re placed. M. Hoppenot is a veteran prewar diplomat who left Vichy only after the Allied landings in North Africa. Two 'Fairly Severe' Quakes Are Recorded By the Associated Press. NEW YORK. Jan. 6.—'The Rev Joseph J. Lynch, Fordham Univer sity seismologist, said today the uni versity’s seismological observatory had recorded two “fairly severe’’ earth tremors about 10,000 miles from here in the general direction of the Netherlands East Indies. He said the first shock was re corded at 5:32:05 p.m. yesterday and the second at 5:35:22 p.m. k Nazis' Big Baltic Port of Stettin And Berlin Are Blasted by RAF Attacks Follow U. S. Heavy Bomber Raids Which Downed 95 German Fighters BULLETIN. LONDON </P>.—Small for mations of RAF light bomb ers and fighter-bombers again attacked the French “rocket gun” coast today. The light bombers, escorted by Allied and RAF fighters, downed an enemy fighter and Canadian fighters destroyed two more. One Allied fighter and one bomber were lost. ! By the Associated Press. LONDON, Jan. 6.—Stettin, Germany’s biggest port on the Baltic, was blasted by the RAF's heavy bombers last night and Berlin was attacked by Mos quito raiders in a double-edged assault calculated to disrupt the emergency supply system of the battered capital and shatter an important maritime lifeline to the Russian front. The speedy Mosquitos directed other blows at Western Germany and Northern France. Fifteen aircraft were lost in the assorted attacks, which included the 1,300-mile round-trip raid on Stettin and which followed up a series of daylight assaults by American heavy bombers in which shipyards at Kiel were hammered along with other targets. The attackers shot down 95 Nazi planes yesterday and lost 25 bombers and 12 fighters. The Air Ministry, in announcing the Stettin attack, said the assault was carried out in bright moonlight on a heavy scale with the bombs well concentrated on the objectives. Stettin, a city of 260,000 which is 75 miles northeast of Berlin, was last hit on April 20 when 90 buildings of a 51-acre chemical factory were destroyed and severe damage done to edible oil factories, barracks, mil itary depots and ammunition stores. Besides being an important ma rine and railroad terminal for sup ply of Germany's Baltic front in Russia, Stettin is a key peg in Hit ler's industrial structure where many submarines and small ships are turned out. With extensive damage in the last (See RAIDS. Page A-16.> Jap Cruiser Blasted, Two Freighters and 17 Planes Destroyed Marines Using Tanks And Artillery in Scoring Gains at Gloucester BULLETIN. LONDON UP).—'The Berlin radio broadcast a dispatch to day by DNB. German official news agency, from Tokio stating that Australian troops had made a new landing at Cape Gumbi on the north coast of New Guinea. By the Associated Press. ADVANCED ALLIED HEAD QUARTERS, New Guinea. Jan. 6. —The destruction of 17 Japa nese planes and two freighters, and a direct hit on an enemy cruiser rewarded Allied aerial assaults ranging from Dutch Timor to New Ireland, a South west Pacific command commu nique reported today. The, Allies lost four aircraft. American marines on the eastern flank of their expanded invasion holdings at Cape Gloucester. New Britain, took the initiative against Japanese in the Borgen Bay area, using tanks and artillery with aerial support to drive the enemy farther east. The marines there had frequently withstood Japanese attacks while other Leatherneck units, which par ticipated in the December 26 land ing on the northwestern tip of the ! island had driven ahead to capture | the airdrome. The airdrome captors have ex tended their operations to make contact at Sag Sag, seven miles southwest of Cape Gloucester, with another marine invasion force which had landed southwest of the cape. Direct Hit Made on Jap Cruiser. I Gen. Douglas MacArthur’s com [munique said a direct bomb hit on a Japanese cruiser off New Hanover, I north of the enemy base at Kavieng, New Ireland, was scored by a bomber from Admiral William F. Halsey’s South Pacific air fleet. It was in this quarter that two (See PACIFIC, Page A-16.) Rommel Completes Tour Of Holland's Defenses By the Associated Press. LONDON. Jan. 6.—Marshal Erwin Rommel has completed a tour of German defense installations in Holland as a part of his inspection of the anti-invasion works of Eu rope’s west coast, DNB said today in a Berlin broadcast. “Alarm practices and maneuvers carried out with live ammunition again proved the high standard of training and that the divisions are ready for the attack,’’ the German news agency said. WFA Denies Charge Of Excessive Spoilage Of Food in Storage Assured Carriers Don't Consider Basic Wages Frozen for War Duration By the Associated Press. The War Food Administration, reporting on its holdings of food for lease-lend, emergency and other export purposes, said today j its losses from spoilage had; amounted to one-fiftieth of 1 per cent of total purchases be tween March, 1941, and Decern-' ber 1, 1943. Those losses, It said, were equiva lent to less than $1 on every $5,000 of purchases. The period covered the life of lease-lend operations. The WFA food report, issued In the wake of published reports that the agency had suffered large losses through spoilage and that it held excess supplies, said the largest por tion of food in commercial storage now is privately held for civilian use. Situation Not l nusual. Inasmuch as this is the off-season for production of many foods, it is not unusual, the WFA said, for storage facilities to have larger stocks now for use in the low pro ducing winter months. The WFA said in a press release that it maintained a careful watch on all its stocks to avoid spoilage. Inspectors make frequent checks and the entire stock position is reviewed at least every 10 days, it added. The report ga^e these figures on WFA holdings on December 1: Frozen meats — WFA holdings, 9.500,000 pounds, or about 2 per cent i of total commercial stocks of 446, 000,000 pounds. The WFA stocks— mostly pork—were said to be equiva lent to about the amount shipped in three days during December. Butter Holdings Large. Canned meats — WFA holdings, 246,000,000 pounds, or approximately 3’2 months supply at the December (See FOOD, Page A-16..) 8 German Ships Sunk By British Submarines By the Associated Press. LONDON, Jan. 6.—British sub marines have sunk eight German or German-controlled ships, including a large tanker, and have damaged two others in recent operations in the Mediterranean, the Admiralty announced today. The tanker, the announcement said, was attacked and sunk in convoy in the Gulf of Genoa. The other vessels listed as sunk included a small naval auxiliary and three small cargo ships—in cluding two ammunition carriers— destroyed off the French Riviera, a medium-sized supply ship in the Agean and two smaller merchant ships in the same general area. Sailor in Stolen Funeral Car Flees Police, Lands in Hospital A 19-year-old sailor, driving a car stolen from an undertaker's estab lishment, was seriously injured to day when he careened into a build ing after an 80-mile-an-hour chase by police. The sailor, listed by police as Charles Steven Thornburg, attached to the naval training center at Bainbridge, Md., was taken to Gar field Hospital, where he is suffering from possible internal injuries, a possible skull fracture, a fractured left thigh and multiple abrasions. The chase began at 2:49 a.m., when motorcycle policemen on Con necticut avenue observed the speed ing automobile. Although the po licemen raced at more than 80 miles an hour, they were outdistanced. At 3 a.m. the hunt was on again when scout car 62 notified Charles Clay, jr., police radio dispatcher, that the speeding car was seen flashing by the intersection of Geor gia avenue and Peabody street N.W. A The dispatcher dispersed five police cars along the speeder’s antici pated route down the avenue, and flashes came in that the car had whizzed by. Police were still in pursuit when the car crashed into a brick col umn of a Capital Transit Co. bus garage in the 2100 block of Georgia avenue. After it hit, the car caught afire, spun around and hit the closed garage doors, finally coming to a stop just south, of the driveway. Impact of the crash was so great, police said, that the car’s radiator flew off and broke a plate glass window across the street from the bus garage at 2113 Georgia avenue N.W. Fire apparatus put out the blaze, and the sailor was taken to the hos pital in a Fire Rescue Squad ambu lance. The wrecked automobile, a 1939 Buick sedan, was reported to police to have been stolen from Joseph Gawler’s Sons, Inc, 1756 Pennsyl vania avenue N.W. a Germans Prepare Strong Defense In Old Poland (Map on Page A-3.) By the Associated Presa. MOSCOW, Jan. 6.—The Ger man Army of Marshal Fritz von Mannstein has retreated into the Pripet Marshes and reformed for another stand along the prewar Polish frontier west and south of Olevsk, a customs station which ■the Russians captured Monday. This stiffened resistance on the main route from Kiev to Warsaw developed as the massive drive of Gen. Nikolai Vatutin's 1st Ukraine Army swept southward toward the Dniester River, the prewar Ruman ian border, at an accelerated pace after the capture of Berdichev, a pivotal rail center 25 miles south of Zhitomir. Advices from the front said Mar shal Von Mannstein had taken up positions favorable for defense with his left flank protected by the marshes and was making a deter mined stand west of Olevsk along the railway leading to Kowel, a city 130 miles inside the former Po lish border, and also in the region southward between Gorodnitza and Novogorod-Volynski. Capture of the latter town, le.ss than 20 miles from the prewar bor der. was announced Tuesday by the Russians. After his own forces had re treated across to their present posi tions. the Nazi commander had an opportunity to destroy the bridges over two tricky water barriers in this area—the Ubort River, which flows just west of Olevsk, and the Sluch River, which swings in a northwesterly direction from Novo gorod-Volynski. Break Through Defenses. A dispatch to the Moscow News, i English language weekly, said the Reds had broken through the Ger man defenses along the Sluch. | Previous reports had placed the Russians across the prewar Polish border in the area between Olevsk and Sarny, a town 35 miles inside the old frontier. It was evident that a growing battle was in progress in this sector I and that the Russians were bringing new pressure against the Germans in the Dnieper bend southward as well as conducting a large-scale of fensive northward around Nevel. (Today’s German communique broadcast by Berlin said heavy battles are in full swing north west of Berdichev, where the So viets have attacked "with un abated violence.” (The Germans also said the Russians had resumed attacks north of Krivoi Rog and east of Kirovograd and had renewed attempts to break through south east and northwest of Vitebsk.! Press Southward Drive. The Russians' drive southward picked momentum as the result of the capture of Berdichev, and a dis patch to Izvestia reported fierce fighting in the villages along the highway to Vennitsa, an important rail center on the Bug River. Another objective of the Red Army (See-RUSSIA. Page--A.-167) Cramp Shipyard Closed; Lockout Charged By the Associated Press. CAMDEN. N. J„ Jan. 6.—The Cramp Shipbuilding Co.'s yard was closed today by a dispute involving a few employes. Only maintenance men, Are watchers and supervisors were permitted to go through the gates when more than 11,000 workers reported for duty this morning. William F. Schaffer, president of a local of the CIO Industrial Union of Marine and Shipbuilding Workers, said the work stoppage was a lock out resulting from the failure of the company to settle grievances of about 50 painters, who quit in a dispute over orders to do spray painting instead of brush work. Painters are paid more for spraying, but they must use respirators. 6 Bodies in France Bear 'Antiterrorist' Signs By the Associated Press. BARCELONA, Jan. 6.—The uni dentified bodies of six persons, each bearing a placard reading "The Na tional Antiterrorist Committee,” were found on a hill above the city of Nice on the French Riviera last night, according to advices from France. In the last few days the bodies of six other persons bearing the same signs have been found in various parts of France, including the city of Lyon. jJie advices said. Late News Bulletin Letter to Be Probed A Federal grand jury will in vestigate circumstances sur rounding publication of the disputed “Hopkins letter” on Wendell Willkie’s chances of becoming the Republican presidential nominee, Assist ant Attorney General Tom C. Clark announced today. The letter, purportedly written by Harry L. Hopkins on August 17, 1943, to Dr. Umphrey Lee of Dallas, Tex., and recently made public by C. Nelson Sparks of Akron, Ohio, has been described as a "forgery” by Mr. Hopkins. j President Blasts Hope Of More Petroleum For Civilian Needs Military Oil Consumption To Rise, Congress Told In Lease-Lend Report By J. A. FOX. President Roosevelt today blasted hopes for an increase in the amount of gasoline and oil available for civilian use, as he sent to Congress a report on lease-lend operations showing ;hat the United States had trans ferred war materials and sup plied services with a total value of $18,608,553,000 since embark ing on this mutual-aid program , with the other United Nations in March, 1941. Recounting efforts to increase! crude oil production, refining capac ity and the supply of tankers avail-1 able to the Allies, as the tempo of the war is speeded up, the Presi dent said: "The overall petroleum war needs of the United Nations in 1944 will rise above what they are now as the magnitude of our offensive In creases. The increasing numbers of planes, ships and tanks which we are now producing and putting into action against the enemy require increasing quantities of gasoline, oil and lubricants. Additional supplies of petroleum products from other areas will not. therefore, result in reducing the demands on our own petroleum resources. All available supplies of petroleum products will be required for a speedv and com plete victory of the United Nations over the enemy." fcach to Contribute. He added that “in the future, as in the past, the petroleum resources of each of the United Nations will be utilized in its own direct war effort and the combined war effort, in proportion to the maximum ability of each to produce and effici ently deliver the petroleum products needed in the prosecution of the war.” < When the five Senators who toured the battle front returned re cently some complained that British oil deposits in the Middle East were being conserved at the expense of American resources. Another issue that has been the subject of warm discussion—namely, the extent to which this country in the postwar period may use air fa cilities financed in other countries— also was touched on in the report today, but the President was not definite, saying that “the final and complete answer” to this question "can be found only through the continuing and successful collabora tion of the United Nations in inter national commerce after the war and the development of a system of general military security in which the interests of both the United States and the other United Na tions are fully protected." “Year of Decisive Actions.” The report today, which covered the period to November 30, was the 13th on lease-lend operations and it went to Congress with a message in which the President said that “the coming year will be a year of decisive actions in the war.” He added: “By combining their strength, the United Nations have increased the power of the common drive to de feat the Axis. We have already beaten back our enemies on every front on which we are engaged. “At Teheran and Cairo plans were (See LEASE-LEND. Page A-16.) 2 Convicted Slayers Await Sentence in Baltimore By the Associated Press. BALTIMORE, Jan. 6.—Two col ored youths convicted of first-degree murder in the death of Arthur How ard, 65, Baltimore bank officer and churchman, awaited sentence todav. Judge Eugene O’Dunne convicted the pair—Charles A. Hunter, 21, and Theodore T. Thomas, 19— after a Criminal Court trial yesterday. As sistant State’s Attorney Joseph G. Finnerty charged that Mr. Howard had been beaten and robbed of a pocket watch. Dazed from the beat ing, he had either walked into or been struck by a trolley, (Mr. Fin nerty said. Judge O’Dunne said it was his opinion that Mr. Howard, Central Savings Bank bookkeeper, had re ceived mortal Injuries as a result of the beating. A third defendant was found in nocent of the murder charge, the judge ruling that his participation in the slugging had not been proved. Revival of MacArthur Praise Of Labor Called'Coincidence' AFL Press Official Declares Repetition Of Statement Was Unauthorized The Federationist, official or gan of the American Federation of Labor, will feature in its next issue a 21-month-old statement by Gen. Douglas MacArthur praising labor’s role in the war— but the article won’t cahry the AFL's blessing. By “coincidence,” the MacArthur statement is being republicized in the midst of the bitter controversy stirred by the New Year eve declara tion of an unnamed high American official that labor troubles in steel and rails prolonged the war and fur nished fuel for Hitler’s propaganda machine. Newspapers and wire services were advised yesterday of the forthcoming publication, but nothing was said either as to the date when the MacArthur message was received or wrhy it was being featured in the Federationist. Because there was a familiar ring to the document, a search was made of the files of The Evening Star, and this disclosed that such a message had been sent by Gen. MacArthur in March, 1942, to both AFL and CIO, in response to greetings, and was carried in news dispatches from Australia on April 1 of that year. William Green. AFL president. was the first public figure to assert (See AKL, Page A-16. > i WFA Indorses Plan For Subsidizing Food Bills of 18 Million Stamp Proposal Seen, However, as Unlikely To Halt Price Increases By the Associated Press. The War Food Administration gave surprise indorsement today to legislation that would set up a Government stamp plan to sub sidize the grocery bills of low income families. The plan would provide for dis tribution of food stamps to families of substandard incomes to insure them an adequate, basic diet. The WFA estimated 18.000.000 persons would be eligible and that the pro gram would cost the Government a maximum of $3,000,000,000 yearly. WFA's approval was set forth in a letter to the Senate Agriculture Committee and plans were an nounced immediately to open hear ings on the bill, probably within a week. Surprise over WFA’s approval of1 the stamp plan was occasioned by j the fact that the bill, introduced last July by Senators Aiken, Republican, of Vermont, and La Follette. Pro gressive, of Wisconsin, includes a ban against price control subsidies, key device in the administration's fight to stabilize consumer food prices at September, 1942, levels. Considered for Six Months. Grover B. Hill, who signed the in dorsement letter as acting WFA ad ministrator, wrote that the stamp! plan was desirable from a stand point of public health, but that the ! WFA did not believe it would pre vent food costs from rising. The agency had the plan under consid eration almost six months. “We believe it is clear that thei program authorized by this bill would not prevent increases in food i prices,” Mr. Hill's letter- said. "On; the other hand, it would at least; partly compensate low income fami- j (See STAMP PLAN, Page A-16.) j Pubs Ration Liquor As Supply Runs Low By the Associated Press. LONDON, Jan. 6.—Many pubs yes terday started rationing customers to one “double” a visit after dis tillers warned that a 50 per cent cut was likely soon in Britain’s liquor supply. * Describing the whisky situation as “acute,” one distiller said exports to North and South America also would be cut in half. No more liquor is being distilled and existing' stocks are disappearing rapidly, he said. Tires for Civilians Delayed Six Weeks By Military Needs Director Dewey Reports 750,000 Produced in Month From Synthetics By JAMES Y. NEWTON. Although the output of syn thetic rubber has fully met ex pectations. the demand for mili tary and other more important uses is so great that increased production of civilian tires will have to be postponed for six weeks to two months, Rubber Director Bradley Dewey said x>day. Mr. Dewey revealed that more than 750.000 passenger car tires were produced in December. While this is a sizable figure, it is only a "drop in the bucket" compared with the needs of the Nation's 25.000.000 cars, most of which have not had new: tires for more than two years. Because of the heavy military de mands. and the critical needs of civilian trucks and buses, Mr. Dewey said it would be impossible to allo cate more synthetic rubber for civilian car tires at this time. The December volume of tire output, however, is expected to be quad rupled by the end of this year. Dr. Dewey reported that a total tSee TIRES. Page~A-16’> Sonny Workman's Wife Granted Divorce Here Mrs. Marian Elizabeth Workman. 3215 Ellicott street N.W.. yesterday was granted a divorce in District Court by Justice Daniel W. O’Don oghue from her husband. Raymond Richard (Sonny) Workman, retired jockey. The divorce was granted on grounds of desertion. The court ap proved a settlement agreement pre viously drawn in which Mr. Work man agreed to pay Mrs. Workman $400 a month for maintenance of herself and three children and to pay for the purchase of a suitable house to be selected by her. He also agreed to pay for the education and medical care of the children. Filed last month, the suit states the couple was married in the Dis trict in January, 1930, and lived to gether until the fall of 1941. Mrs. Workman was. awarded cus tody of the children—two daughters and a son—with Mr. Workman being given the privilege of visiting them. Mr. Workman’s address was listed as the Investment Building. Mrs. Workman was represented by At torney James E. Artis. Lodge, ABC Board Chairman, To Head Liauor Bond Drive Thomas E. Lodge, chairman of the Alcoholic Beverage Control Board, has accepted the local chairman ship of the War Bonds and Stamps Council of the liquor and wine in dustry and will head their partici pation in the Fourth War Loan drive beginning January 18. Mr. Lodge said today he con sented to lead the campaign at the request of the liquor and wine in dustry. He added that Carl Bell more, of the Council of Alcoholic Beverage Industries, a national or ganization, will in effect be his “office manager” and devote his full time to the forthcoming Bond cam paign. Assisting Mr. Lodge and Mr Belmore will be the 1,697 licensed establisnments and 209 salesmen in the District, over which the ABC Board has regulatory control. Mr. Lodge presided at a pre liminary meeting of leaders of the liquor industry here yesterday after noon. Plans were discussed for enabling the local industry to exceed its record in the Third War Loan drive, when bonds amounting to $2,400,000 were bought or sold by industry members. James Spain, who was the indus try chairman in the Third War Loan drive, said today the soft-drink in dustry here would be included in the liquor industry campaign group, i [Du Pont Is Sued With Remington In Cartel Case British Monopoly Also Named in Antitrust Suit By the Associated Press. A civil suit charging E. I. du Pont de Nemours, the Remington Arms Co. and Imperial Chemical Industries. Ltd., giants of the United States and British chem icals and arms industries, with maintaining an international cartel agreement in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act, was filed today by the Justice De partment. .Attorney General Biddle said the complaint, filed in United States District Court in New York, alleged restraint of trade in the manufac ture of chemical products, firearms and ammunition. In addition to Du Pont and Im perial Chemical Industries, the complaint named the following ad ditional defendants: Lammot du Pont, Wilmington, Del., chairman of the board of the Du Pont Co., and Walter Samuel Carpenter. jr„ Wilmington, its presi dent: Charles Krum Davis, Fairfield, Conn., Remington president and general manager; Harry Duncan McGowan (Lord McGowan', presi dent of the board of Imperial Chem icals, and Henry Mond (Lord Melchett). deputy chairman, and Imperial Chemical Industries (New York', Ltd., New York, American agent of ICI. Acts Alleged Since 1920. The complaint, said Mr. Biddle, charged that beginning prior to 1920 Du Pont ICI. and their individual officers named in the complaint, and from 1933 Remington and its presi dent. have been “continuously engaged in a conspiracy and com bination in restraint of trade and commerce in chemical products, arms, including war materials, and ammunition in the United States and foreign nations, and have been and are now parties to contracts and agreements in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act.” The complaint described Du Pont as the largest manufacturer of chemical products in this country, with total assets of about $1,000 - 009,000. including the ownership of approximately 23 per cent of the stock of General Motors Corp.; Remington as the largest manu facturer of sporting arms and am munition in the United States, and since 1933 controlled by Du Pont, and Imperial Chemical Industries as having a virtual monopoly 0X the chemical industry in Great Britain. Market Division Charged. It was alleged that sometime be fore 1920 Du Pont and ICI reached an understanding with each other for the elimination of competition in the sale of explosives in all parts of the world, and that by this under standing Du Pont was allocated the * United States and Central America as its exclusive sales territory and ICI was allocated the rest of the world, with the exception of Canada, Newfoundland and South America. "Both companies were to refrain from manufacture in or export to each other's exclusive markets, while Canada. Newfoundland and South America were to be shared by both companies on a noncompetitive basis.” the complaint stated. “It was further agreed that profit* from the sale of commercial explo ; sives in South America were to be divided equally, and in Canada the firm of Canadian Industries, Ltd., ; jointly owned by both, would be (See SUIT.~Page~A-16. > Roosevelt Sees Stark, Presses Work on Message President Roosevelt continued to day to work on his annual message to Congress, but took time out to receive Admiral Harold R. Stark, commander of the American naval forces in the European theater, who called to say good-by before returning to his post. Because the President has been suffering from the grippe for the last week, Rear Admiral Ross T. Mclntire, the President’s personal physician, does not want him to hold his usual press conference to i morrow morning, and Secretary | Stephen T. Early said he had "a hunch” that Mr. Roosevelt would abide by the recommendation. This is purely a precautionary step on Admiral Mclntire's part, Mr. Early said. No decision has been reached yet as to whether the President will de liver his annual message in person next week. B. & 0. Express Derailed; Few Passengers Injured Bs' the Associated Press. WILLIAMSTOWN. W. Va., Jan. 6.—The locomotive and six cars of the southbound Ohio Valley Express of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad left the rails just south of Wil liamstown today, but without seri ous injury to the 62 passengers or crew members. R. J. A. Morris of Wheeling, su perintendent of the Wheeling divi sion, said a few passengers were shaken up and bruised, but none needed hospital attention. He said the wreck at 3:05 a.m. was caused by a broken rail. Engineer Charles Harvey of Parkersburg brought the train to a stop within 400 feet. The rear coach was the private ‘ car of Vice President D. W. Van horn of Baltimore. Passengers said that the derailment was so “gentle'’ that Mr. Vanhorn had to be awak ened and informed of the mishap. .The train was en route from Pittsburgh to Kenova, W. Va. Benes Back in London LONDON, Jan. 6 (/P).—President Eduard Benes of Czechoslovakia has returned to London from Moscow, where he recently signed a mutual assistance pact with Soviet Russia on behalf of his government in exile.