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WASHINGTON NEWS i
WASHINGTON, D. C. Wp to SOCIETY AND GENERAL JANUARY 6, 1944. ** n Rezoning and Building Project Opposed at D. C. Housing Hearing Bradbury and Congress Heights Plans Criticized By Citizen Groups The Washington Housing Asso ciation and a ministerial member of the Committee on Housing of the Citizens' Committee on Race Rela tions today voiced opposition before the Zoning Commission to pro posals to rezone Bradbury Heights and Congress Heights areas and to prevent construction of low-cost, multi-family dwellings. “The Housing Association,” said Mrs. Helen Duey Hoffman, an ex ecutive of the Housing Association, “believes that existing regulations of the Zoning Commission should not be changed to suit the convenience of a few individual property owners, particularly when the greater good of the greater number of its citizens is involved.” The citizens’ associations seek to block construction by a private con cern of 744 units of low-cost housing for Negroes; Informed Housing Agency. “The Housing Association,” Mrs. Hoffman declared, "was instrumental in bringing to the attention of the National Housing Agency the neces sity of reallocating priorities to build low-rent housing for Negroes.” Under this reallocation, private en terprise has made plans to build dwellings for war workers “clearly existing under intolerable living conditions as stated by the NHA. Private enterprise should be en couraged in their laudable efforts and not prevented from carrying out commitments.” The Rev. Francis W. McPeek, member of the committee on housing of the Citizens’ Committee on Race Relations, urged the commission to dismiss petitions of the citizens’ as sociations. "In the simple justice this com munity, through its private and pub lic builders, must provide decent, adequate homes at prices people can pay,” the Rev. Mr. McPeek declared. “But we have been notoriously de-1 * linquent in respect to our obliga tions to the Negro is a common recognition of fact.” Delay Called Tragic. The Rev. Mr. McPeek said the zoning proposals of the two associa tions would be "a deprivation of good housing at practicable rentals for many families. Our other in formation indicates that of the 3.200 units authorized for construction and use of Negro families on July 1, 1943, not one has yet been com pleted or even begun." “This tragic delay,” he said, “has prolonged the suffering of many families, has injured the morale of war workers, has constituted a threat to the health and morals of the children of these families and now gives substance to those who seek to exploit racial disharmony.” Mrs. Eugene S. Duffleld, president of the Voteless District of Columbia league of Women Voters, told the commission that in the present in stance “the evidence seems to sug gest that certain of the proposed changes are in the interests of spe cial groups rather than of the gen eral public. As citizens we look to the Zoning Commission for expert consideration of all the factors in volved, and for a decision that serves the interests of the whole commu nity, regardless of the pressures ex erted by special interests groups.” Property Owners Testify. Although J. Louis Gelbman, presi dent of the Congress Heights Citi zens’ Association, objected to Mrs. Duffield's statement as not germane to the issues because pressure groups were not involved, the commission accepted the statement. As the hearing resumed today on the question of rezoning in the Southeast, Mr. Gelbman brought several property owners as witnesses to testify that they felt construction of additional apartments would lower the values o* their nomes i, .lu expressed the view- that apartments were not as desirable for residential purposes as individual homes. Seeking to counter the arguments of home owners, attorneys repre senting property owners in the area argued that the property had been zoned for apartment purposes for many years and that it would be unjust to change the zoning and thwart development along the lines for which these investments were inaue. Attorneys Testify. Among the attorneys testifying concerning property in Congress Heights were H. Loy Anderson, George, A. Cassidy, representing Schuyler, Inc., and Mrs. B. S. Mat thews, who represented William Liff, who has apartment property devel oped and other property on which he wishes to build. As the hearing upon the Congress Heights petition started late yes terday afternoon, support of the re zoning move was led by Louis Gelb man, president of the association, who said that his group was against building of multifamily dwellings. The Advisory Council on Zoning took no stand on the Congress Heights petition but asked the right to submit an opinion after the hear ing. Mr. Gelbman said that while his association was in favor of "good housing" in their section and throughout the city, the residents of his area, including persons out side the associations, did not want additional apartments constructed in their area. • "Our association,” Mr. Gelbman said, “is firmly convinced that there a:e sufficient apartments in our a:ea. There is no reason why the Southeast section should be picked upon for row upon row of houses, garden developments or whatnot. OUrs is a neighborhood of home owners who have had to struggle to buy and build. The need for fam ily dwellings is much greater than that for multiple mass housing.” Richmond OPA Collects $47,051 for Treasury Br the Associated Press. RICHMOND, Jan. 6.—A total of $47,051 has been paid to the Treas ury in the last year through the Richmond District OPA as voluntary contributions in settlement of over charges and in administrative treble damage actions, Robert W. Keyser. district enforcement attorney, said yesterday. Mr. Keyser said that, in addition, thousands of dollars have been paid in restitution of charges over price ceilings to actual purchasers, where their names could be ascertained, r LOST PORKER—J. E. Hen derson is shown looking at a 40-pound pig which awaits its owner—ration or no ration points—at the District Pound. The small porker was found yesterday by workmen at South Capitol street and Firth Sterling avenue S.E. and turned over to Eleventh Pre cinct police. A police scout car took it to the pound. —Star Staff Photo. Board of Education Studies Plan to Alter Nursery School Setup Decision on Proposal To Accept Powers Deferred Two W*eks Board of Education members to day are studying details of a pro posed reorganization of the public nursery school program before ac cepting responsibility for it from the District Commissioners. “I want to study the facts," Adel bert W. Lee, board member, said in suggesting that action on the Commissioners’ transfer of power to the board be delayed till the meeting January 19. The Com missioners acted on recommenda tion of Robert L. Haycock, super intendent of schools, and other city officials last week in asking the transfer. Mr. Haycock explained that cut ting the number of administrative positions from five to three and consolidation of nursery school dietetic and medical services with those of the other branches of the system was expected to save at least 30 per cent in the administrative cost. The cost was cited last month by Henry J. Sullivan, assistant re gional director of the Federal Works Agency, as "high.’’ Miss Pearse Praised. Mr. Haycock and Mrs. Henry Grattan Doyle, president of the Board of Education, paid tribute to Miss Dorothy D. Pearse, director of the day care program under the Commissioners, for her efforts and for her “unselfishness of attitude” regarding the change. Both of them emphasized, along with Mrs. Henry P. Chandler, chairman of the Committee on Services to Children; of Working Mothers, present at the meeting, that mainly “change of scope” has prompted the prooosed shift of responsibility and that no criticism of her work is intended. Board members took time out of the administrative business to ex press their admiration for and con fidence in the work of a fellow member, John H. Wilson, who re ported to them that his resignation from the board had been asked of him in an open letter from the Na tional Association for the Advance ment of Colored People, District Branch. Mrs. Doyle stressed that the min utes of board meetings during the eight years of Mr. Wilson’s mem bership were adequate testimony of his excellence as a member. Dr. Robert A. Maurer, vice president of the board, also voiced confidence in Mr. Wilson. Follows Disagreement. The letter came to Mr. Wilson after he differed at a board meeting from the opinion of another mem ber, Charles H. Fearing. jr„ that colored school personnel should have been included in a recent din ner held by the Board of Trade to nonor the retiring superintendent, Dr. Frank W. Ballou. The board yesterday approved abandonment as soon as possible of 12 portables still in use at public schools and asked that the Commis sioners seek funds from the Federal Works Agency for replacement of the portables with permanent build ings. Portables there are "dilapi dated,” leaky and cold, Mr. Hay cock said in recommending the action. Rule changes held over for action until January 19 included the pro posed discontinuance of school au thorities’ attempts to control high school fraternities and sororities as a school responsibility, and dis continuance of any direct solicita tion of teacherspfor flower or gift funds for individual personnel. The board changed the boun daries of the Stuart and Eliot Junior High Schools’ attendance areas to relieve overcrowding of Eliot. Moon to Hide Jupiter Hour Next Thursday The planet Jupiter will be hidden by the moon between 8:04 a.m. and 9:06 a.m. next Thursday, the Naval Observatory announced today. At the time of its eclipse, Jupiter will be in the constellation of Leo,: near Regulus, a star of the first magnitude. About 15 minutes before Jupiter disappears from view, three of its bright western satellites will be ob scured for a short period as the moon passes between them and the earth, the Observatory added. Police Chief Loses Car to Thieves on Visit to Capital George J. Panagoulis, Green Delt (Md.) chief of police, re turned to his home last night from a visit to Washington, minus his automobile. According to District police. Chief Panagoulis’ car was stolen from a parking lot at Four teenth street and New York avenue N.W. Mr. Panagoulis lives at 43 Ridge road, Green belt. 'Esquire' Suggested To Fill Space on List Of School Reading Robert L. Haycock, superin tendent of schools, yesterday asked the Board of Education to approve deletion of the magazine, Comfort - Needle craft, from reading lists in the public schools. Its publication has been discontinued. “If that leaves a space on the list,” Dr. James A. Gannon, board member laughed, “I was going to suggest •Esquire’.” The board did not approve any substitute for Comfort Needlecraft. Post Office Welcomes 'Esquire' Ruling Test, Miles Tells U. S. Bar Says Walker Believed It His Duty to Revoke Magazine's Privileges Whether the magazine Esquire should be barred from second-class mailing privileges brings into the Federal courts for the first time an issue which should be of intense in terest to all Government attorneys, Solicitor Vincent M. Miles of the Post Office Department said yester day in addressing the Federal Bar Association. Congress, in passing the Classifica tion Act in 1879, decided to subsi dize newspapers that disseminated information of a public character and were devoted to the arts, sciences and literature, Mr. Miles pointed out. He added that Postmaster Gen eral Walker concluded that "Con gress at no time intended to au thorize the issuance of the second class mailing privilege to a maga zine that carried consistently mat ters such as the record showed had been carried by Esquire. He sin cerely felt it was his duty to revoke the privilege." Declaring the Post Office Depart ment welcomed a court test of Mr. Walker’s ruling. Mr. Miles said he had searched all of the reports and could find no other case “involving this particular question.” Mr. Miles, introduced by President Harguerite Rawalt as a former member of the Social Security Board and former special assistant to the Attorney General, termed Benjamin Franklin the “real father" of the post office, inasmuch as he had served as Postmaster General of the Colonies under King George III. The association announced it re ceived 250 new members last year. President Rawalt said a $25 War Bond will be given to the member who secures the largest number of new members, or collects dues from delinquent members, by February 10. New Whisky Ceilings In Effect in Maryland By the Associated Press. BALTIMORE, Jan. 6.—Maryland liquor prices will not drop immedi ately, despite new ceiling prices ef fective today, State Office of Price Administration officials predicted. Prices of brands on the market in March, 1942, which are the same in proof, formula or container size, will remain virtually stable, but prices of new brands and those which have been altered will be substantially reduced1, the OPA ex plained. Processors of domestic distilled spirits must revise prices to con form to a new scale, but wholesale and retail prices will not be changed until shipments of the newly priced items are received. Under the new regulation*, one nationally advertised brand of liquor of which the proof and for mula have been altered since March, 1942, ultimately will cost the consumer 40 cents less per bot tle. Grocery Seeks fo Half OPA Suspension Order Judge Leslie R. Darr of Tennes see, who is sitting as a justice in District Court, today has under ad visement the question of issuing an injunction against the Office of Price Administration to prevent en forcement of an OPA suspension order against the Country Garden Markets, Inc., Arlington, Va. The OPA suspension order would prevent the four stores of the firm from dealing in meats, butter and canned fish for a period of 15 days, because some of its clerks allegedly have failed to take in a sufficient number of coupons in making meat sales. The firm, through its attor neys, Albert Brick and Frank L. Ball, denies the charges. The question of an injunction has been argued in District Court, the firm contending OPA does not have the authority to enforce the suspen sion. OPA agreed to withhold en forcement pending a court decision. * Camp Springs Airfield Bars Soldiers From Six Taverns in Area Officials Give Warning To Other Night Spots In 'Cleanup' Order By J. B. ZATMAN. In a move to “clean up” drink ing establishments in the Wash ington area frequented by mili tary personnel, Army authorities here have approved an order by officials of the Camp Springs (Md.) airfield placing six taverns in Capitol Heights out of bounds for soldiers stationed at the nearby Prince Georges County airport, it was learned today. This Is the first such order Issued in the Washington area. The owners also were warned that their places of business would be declared out of bounds for all soldiers of the entire 3d Service Command, unless the conditions complained of were remedied. Night Clubs Warned. In addition, two other Prince Georges County night clubs have been warned to correct existing conditions there or suffer the same penalty. Two of the six declared out of bounds have been closed voluntarily by their owners until they can comply with military health require ments. Conditions existing at the six es tablishments were discussed at a recent meeting of county officials and military and naval authorities representing the Military District of Washington. At that time, the military au thorities, headed by Lt. Col. James A. Casteel, assistant chief of staff, G-2, Military District of Washing ton, declared that Investigation of conditions at the taverns had re vealed Improper sanitation facili ties, failure to co-operate with mili tary officials by not calling for military police promptly during fights, selling liquor to soldiers al ready intoxicated and indecent be havior, including soliciting by pros titutes. The group emphasized that the meeting was called to acquaint county officials with the situation so that steps could be taken to pre- > vent a recurrence of such incidents. One Operator Blames Soldiers. An operator of one of the taverns said after the meeting that murh of the "trouble'’ is started by sol diers themselves. He explained that if a soldier showing signs of intoxi cation Is refused a drink, he "starts to smash glasses and throw chairs around.” ne asserted mat prostitutes are not permitted to enter his establish-, ment, but that many soldiers bring such women with them. He also said I that he often has called for military police when fights are started but that the MPs don't arrive until the fights are over. Dr. John M. Byers, county health officer, pointed out today that health requirements of military authorities are much more strict! than those of the county. For example, he said, the Army requires hot running water in toi lets, which is not contained in the county sanitation code. He added! that the Army apparently is ‘more! particular” in its attitude toward cleanliness in such establishments than the county, although none of the six taverns has ‘‘actually” broken county health regulations. Four Injured Here In Traffic Mishaps 1 Three pedestrians and a young bicyclist were injured, none seri ously, in traffic accidents yesterday. George A. Symes, 72, colored, of 115 Tennessee avenue N.E., received leg and arm injuries when struck by a taxi at Thirteenth and F streets N.W. He was taken to Emergency Hospital, where his con dition was described as good today. Police said the driver of the taxi was Roosevelt A. Anderson, 38, col ored, of 1113 Sixth street N.W. Donald White, 55, colored, of 1512 Corcoran street N.W., was being treated today at Freedmen's Hospi tal for a fractured arm. Police said he was injured when struck by an automobile driven by Robert W. Courtney, 12 N street N.E., in the 1600 block of Fifteenth street N.W. Emma P. Williams, 56, colored, of 2517 P street N.W., was injured in the 3100 block of M street N.W. when struck by an auto operated by Leon Bezdikin, 43, of 3023 O street N.W., police reported. She is being treated at Georgetown Hospital for possible fracture of both legs. The bicyclist, Vincent Leroy Free man, 16. colored, of 1929 West Beach drive N.W., ran into the rear of an Army truck at Kalmia road and Six teenth street N.W., according to police. He is being treated at Freedmen's Hospital for a fracture of bones in his leg, cuts and bruises. Montgomery Charter Group To HearC. P. latt Speak Charles P. Taft, director of Com munity'War Services, Federal Se curity Agency, and a member of the War Relief Control Board, will be the principal speaker at a meet ing of the Montgomery County Charter Committee at 8:15 pm. Tuesday at the Woman’s Club of Chevy Chase, Connecticut avenue and Dunlop street. The committee will elect six mem bers for three-year terms on the board of directors. Those nominated include: George R. Canby, Colesvtlle; Everett R. Jones, Damascus; O. M. Kile, Mo hican Hills; the Rev. J. Virgil Lilly, Rockville; Adlai S. Magee, Bethesda, and Mrs. Guy B. Stephenson, Nor beck. Hie committee also will discuss plans for a’ campaign to bring about the adoption of a county charter at a referendum to be held in No vember. Save This Newspaper Many paper mills are shut ting down for lack of waste paper to convert into cartons for Army and Navy supplies shipped overseas. Every pound of old newspapers and maga zines is needed. Telephone your nearest school or notify some schoolchild in your block to have your paper picked up. ICE CAUSES ACCIDENT—Traffic was slowed early today on a wooden bridge near Arlington Ridge road when an automobile driven by W. W. Wheelock. 1022 North Kentucky street, Ar lington, skidded on the ice and partially blocked the bridge, as shown above. __^ —Star Staff Photo by Gus Chinn. Stewart Is Ordered By Court to Tell Source of $36,000 Contempt Action Hinted Unless Sedition Witness Answers Questions Douglas M. Stewart, former co publisher of Scribner's Commenta tor, was ordered today by Chief Jus tice Edward C. Eicher of District Court to give true answers to the grand jury investigating sedition charges to questions concerning the source of the $36,000 he claimed he found in his home under mysterious circumstances. Justice Eicher indicated that Mr. Stewart would be cited for con tempt if he does not answer the questions. Mr. Stewart appeared in District Court yesterday in contempt pro ceedings brought against him for allegedly giving improper answers before the grand jury which subse ouently indicted 30 persons on se dition charges. Court Hears Story. The court was told by O. John Rogge, special assistant to the At torney General, that the defendant testified before the grand jury that he did not know the mysterious benefactor who sent him money totaling (36,000 in (20 bills. According to Mr. Rogge, the wit ness told the following story: Re turning home from his Lake Ge neva office of the P. & S. Publish er Co., publishers of Scribners Commentator, one day in August, 1941, he found (15,000 wrapped in a brown paper package on the hall way floor of his home. The following month he discov DOUGLAS M. STEWART. ered another $15,000, this time placed in a black bag on the hall way table. Later he found $6,000 in a package on his office desk. Mr. Rogge told the court that Mr. Stewart used part of the money to buy his way into a new publishing firm, the Lake Geneva Publications, Inc. The new firm published The Herald, a weekly newspaper. The prosecutor contended that this in dicated that Mr. Stewart knew the persons who sent him the money to finance the paper. Under his repeated questioning, Mr. Rogge declared, the witness re peatedly denied he knew who the donor of the money was. Free Copies Sent Out. During The Herald's weekly pub lication from August 5 to Novem ber 7, 1941, Mr. Rogge said, at least 283.000 copies were sent free to per sons on a selected mailing list, in cluding members of the armed forces. The Justice Department has de scribed the paper as being isola tionist, anti-British and anti-Rus sian. Among the paper's contribu tors, it was said, was Ralph Town send, since convicted on a charge of failing to register as a Japanese agent. Replying to Mr. Rogge's charge, Seth Richardson, who represented Mr. Stewart in the absence of the latter’s lawyer, said he believed the former publisher’s story was "out landish but true.'’ "It would have been easy for Mr. Stewart to have concocted a story to tell the Grand Jury, but he chose to tell the truth,” he said. A bulletin in the Night Final Edi tion of The Star yesterday, an nouncing that Justice Elcher had taken the contempt action under advisement, stated erroneously that Mr. Stewart had been charged with sedition. The Star regrets the error. WPB Fixes Glass Jar Quota at 1943 Figure By the Associated Press. This year’s quotas for manufac ture of glass Jars and bottles will be about the same as in 1943, with Jars for home canning still unlimited, the War Production Board announced today. 1 Light Freeze Hits Virginia; Clear Weather Is Forecast a ugnt ireeze early today in near by Virginia, coming on the heels of last night's rain, forced motorists to travel cautiously and resulted in some traffic congestion on roads leading into the District. One auto mobile skidded on the ice on a wooden bridge near the Arlington Ridge road, partially blocking the bridge and slowing traffic. In the District, however, the low est temperature recorded by the Weather Bureau was only 36 de grees. Yesterday's misty rain stopped during the night, and the bureau said the weather would be fair to day, with temperature* ranging up to about 45 degrees. Tonight will be colder, with a low of about 30 degrees, while tomorrow will be marked by continued fair but slightly colder weather, the bureau predicted. The forecaster said the District would escape snow that has blanket ed Ohio and now is falling in Penn sylvania and West Virginia. Freez ing rain mixed with snow has been falling in interior sections of East ern New York 8tate. but this also will bypass the District area, it was said. Draft Boards Listing Fathers' Names for Aid Center Meeting Civilian War Services Will Send Invitations To 7,500 Families District draft boards have begun the vast job of compiling lists of men with children who will receive personal Invitations to the mass meeting launching the Draft Aid Center, a District draft spokesman said today. The lists, it was said, will be turned over to Civilian War Services by January 18 so volunteers can send out the invitations in time for the mass meeting, which is ex pected to be held during the last week in January. The families of some men who already have been inducted will be included. The draft boards have been instructed to include men with dependents inducted since Octo ber 1. The official explained that by going back a few months the boards not only will be able to include the fathers drafted in December, but also men with children born after September 14, 1942. Have Special Problems. Although the “post-Pearl Harbor" babies do not count as dependents in the eyes of the draft and their fathers have been inducted, the young mothers have special prob lems, it was said, because their children are too young to be ac cepted in nursery schools. The Draft Aid Center, sponsored by Civilian War Services and Dis trict Selective Service, will assist these young mothers as well as those whose husbands have not yet been inducted. Volunteers who will act as aides at the center now are being se lected. They will be trained at an institute beginning January 17. 7,500 to Be Listed. In addition to listing men already inducted, the draft boards also will send in the names of men who have been notified to take their local board physical examinations, as well as those who already have been examined and have been classed as available for service. District draft headquarters esti mated that aproximately 7,500 men would be listed by the draft boards to receive invitations to the mass meeting at which the workings of the center will be explained. Where the men have already entered the service, the invitations will go to their wives. “It s a big job—going through all those files—but we think it's worth the trouble if it will help these men and their families,’’ said a draft spokesman. Montgomery County Board Names Zoning Unit Clerk Under authority granted by the last State Leigslature. the Mont gomery County Commissioners have appointed Adolph C. Rohland, 5024 Ventnor road. Green Acres, clerk to the County Board of Zoning Ap peals, effective as of January 1. He will receive $50 a month. In compliance with her request, the board placed Mrs. Irene Brun gart, Takoma Park, Md., on a part time basis as secretary to the county office of Civilian Defense, and also at her suggestion fixed her monthly salary at $100. Miss Devona Downs, Burtonsville, was appointed part time clerk in the defense office at a salary of $50 a month, where she has recently be?n working as a volunteer. Mrs. Brungart for merly worked full-time in the office at a salary of $150 a month. At the instance of Mrs. Dorothy M. Kurtz, executive secretary of the Welfare Board, the commissioners made available $6,716 for use of the welfare organization during Janu ary, as follows: Aid to dependent children, $1,295; boarding home care for children, $1,817; old-age assistance, $1,361; aid to needy blind, $107; general public assistance, $1,319; administration, $817. Approved Hospitals In U. 5. and Canada Increased to 3,253 All Principal Units In District Included In Yearly Figures Paying tribute to the work of hos pitals and physicians in maintaining the Nation’s health despite increased demand on their services, the Amer ican College of Surgeons today an nounced a list of 3,253 approved hospitals in this country and Can ada, including all the major hos pitals in the District. The figure represents a gain of 264 over last year’s total. Noting that the occupancy rate of hospitals in the last two years has : been from 15 to 20 per cent, and in some cases 50 per cent, higher than normal, the college pointed out that | the death rate in 1942 reached an all-time low of 10.4 per thousand in ! the United States and 9.7 in Canada, and early reports indicate that the 1943 mortality rate will be still lower. Dr. Irvin Abell of Louisville, chair man of the Board of Regents, said this was "a major triumph over disease and death under circum stances that in previous wars would have meant epidemics and a rising i mortality rate.” District Hospitals Listed. District hospitals approved were Emergency, Children’s, Columbia, Doctors, Casualty, Episcopal Eye, Ear and Throat; Preedmen’s, Gal linger, Garfield. Georgetown, George Washington, Homeopathic, Provi dence, St. Elizabeth's, Sibley, Sol diers' Home. Mount Alto and Wash ington Sanitarium. While Walter Reed Hospital, at the Army Medical Center, was not on the list, Maj. Armand Blais of the surgeon general s office said it has been approved “all along” and undoubtedly will be on a supple mentary list. The college, he said, probably has not yet received from Walter Reed the questionnaire hos pitals are required to file, containing information regarding their opera tion and scope of work. Great shifts of population and concentration of workers and their families in suddenly overcrowded industrial communities have created new problems in civilian health service, the college report stated. Mara tressed for Workers. With depleted staffs of doctors, nurses and other personnel, hospitals have had great difficulty meeting the service demands, yet the record shows a "splendid accomplishment in the prevention and treatment of diseases.” Hospitals, the report declared, also are doing an outstanding job in or ganizing for civilian defense, helping recruit and train nurses for the United States Cadet Nurse Corps, training volunteer workers in hos pitals, training interns and residents on an accelerated schedule to con form with programs in medical schools, and generally rendering “patriotic and humanitarian service during the war crisis.” Relaxation of eQprts to cure and to check disease would cause far greater loss of life than enemy ac tion. the report warned, declaring that "advances in medical science since the beginning of the war have saved many more lives than have been lost in warfare. First Meeting Held On Physical Standards The Medical Commission named last week by President Roosevelt to study possible changes in physical requirements for admittance into the armed services held its first meeting at the White House today, but the group faces prolonged dis cussion before coming to any con clusions. Rear Admiral Ross T. Mclntire, chairman, said that the commis sion laid the groundwork for the study this morning and was consid ering present standards this after noon. Another meeting is planned tomorrow. The admiral said about two days more study would be re quired next week before recom mendations would be possible, / Hearings to Be Held Soon on Proposed Liquor Law Changes Commissioners Notify Randolph They See Stricter Rules Needed Public hearings will be called within a few days on a series of proposed new regulations designed to strengtlgen control of liquor trafflo In the District, Chairman Randolph of the House District Committee was advised today by the Commissioners. John Russell Young, president of the Board of Commissioners, wrote Mr. Randolph the city heads believe additional regulations are necessary because of wartime conditions, and he disclosed all District officials in any way connected with enforce ment of the liquor laws have been told of the necessity of “strict enforcement.” Chairman Randolph recently asked the Commissioners to recom mend additional legislation if they thought that necessary. He took this action after Representative Cochran, Democrat, of Missouri and Representative Coffee, Democrat, of Washington, newly-appointed chair man of the House District Appro priations Subcommittee, sharply criticized the liquor situation here, protesting the Alcoholic Beverage Control Board had been too lenient and "legalistic.” Commissioner Young, advising Mr. Randolph that the city heads had been studying the question for some weeks, together with the 1M0 report of the Eberharter Subcom mittee, said: j “While this study is by no means | complete, sufficient progress has been made to warrant additions to and changes in the current regula I tions, made necessary by conditions | growing out of the war situation. These additions and changes are in the course of preparation, and should be ready for a public hearing in a few days. “It is our belief that these pro posed changes will materially help the existing situation. Should this not prove to be the case, the Com missioners promptly will contact you with a view of getting strengthen ing legislation.” W. & 0. D. Seeks fo Buy Bluemont Railroad The Washington and Old Dominion Railway, which resumed passenger service last March after a lapse of almort two years, has applied for authority to purchase from the Southern Railroad the so-called Bluemont branch, which it now operates on a lease, the Interstate Commerce Commission announced today. In its petition the road, owned principally by Davis Elkins, stated it had offered Southern $70,000 cash for the line and that it had been accepted. Hie lease, which expires June 27, 1947, calls for a minimum annual rental of $6,000 on a gross income up to $250,000. and a maximum rental of 10 per cent of the gross income. Approximately 47 miles long, the Bluemont route actually is the Washington and Old Dominion's i main line. Its chief source of reve nue is derived from freight traffic receipts. > Way Opened for Trial Of Two in Dies Probe Chief Justice Edward C. Eicher of District Court has overruled de murrers to the indictment of two men and thus removed the final ob stacle to their trial on charges of failing to answer certain questions in 1940 before the Dies committee investigating alleged un-American activities. The men are George Powers and James H. Dolsen, both of Pennsyl vania. Information sought from them included details regarding al leged American Communists. The Government was represented by As sistant United States Attorney Charles B. Murray. Rev. C. V. Bastnagel To Talk on Canon Law A lecture entitled ' Legal Capacity in the Code of Canon Law” will be given by the Rev. Clement V. Bast nagel. J. u. *D., Catholic University associate professor of canon law, at 8 p.m. tomorrow in St. Thomas More Library at the university. The lecture is the eighth in a series of 15 arranged by the faculty of the school of canon law in obse rvanca of the 25th anniversary of the pro mulgation of the code of canon law. Daily Rationing ft^Reminders&h Canned and Frocen Foods, Etc.— Book No. 4. green stamps D, E and F valid through January 20. Stamps G. H and J valid through February 20. • Meats, Fats, Etc. —Book No. 3, brown stamps R and S valid through January 29. Book No. 4, spare stamp No. 2 good for five points of fresh pork and sausage through January 15. Points for Fats—Your meat dealer will pay you two ration points for every pound of waste kitchen fata you turn in. Sugar—Stamp 29 in Book No. 4 good for 5 pounds through January 15. Shoes—Stamp No. 18 in Boole No. 1 and stamp 1 on the ‘‘ai^plane’, sheet of Book No. 3 valid now for an indefinite period. Gasoline—No. 8 A coupons good for 3 gallons each until February 8. B, B-l, C and C-l coupons good for 2 gallons each. These coupons will expire on date indicated on individual books. B-2 and C-2 coupons in books issued since De cember 1 are good for 5 gallons each. Tire Inspection Deadlines—For A coupon holders. March 31. Fuel Oil—Period No. 1 coupons ex pire today. Period No. 2 coupons, valid now, expire February 8. Period No. 3 coupons become valid tomorrow, remain valid through March 14. No. 2 and 3 coupons good for 10 gallons per unit. Ac cording to th District OPA, con sumers in this area should not have used more than 38 per cent of their total yearly fuel oil ration as of January 3.